on, as well sa that of the Populist who
clamora for more money, for they stand
upon the same basis in this respect, and
that is the idea of the ceoessity of a fic
titious stimulation of human industry.
Most Pipalis's say it is useless to think
of all the idle men being employed with
out more money to famish them em
ployment and pay them. And McKinley
shouts that unlenn we pay a big bonus to
make up the difference between our
own and foreign labor many of our peo
ple must go unemployed. Ai it the Al
mighty had made mankinds happiness
depend upon tar ft nd fiical legislation.
In determining the political economy of
the world He never p-uvided f r $50 per
capita nor an ad valorem duty. The
world was fashioned with simply two
conditions necessary one, the land to
work upon, and man with the ability
and willingness to work upon it. All this
anxiety to furnish people employment
presupposes a condition whioh does not
exist, and if the mass of men were re
stored to the stata intended at the first,
to wit, the right to apply their labor to
land without hindrance, there would be
no need of furnishing anyone employ
ment, and the labor, the land, the tariff
and the money problems would all be
Take the case of the millions of the
unemployed spoken of by Mr. Iogalls.
They see around them on all sides great
quanlitiea of everything to eat, to wear,
to er joy rd to fashion into houses for
shelter. Of the amount of grains it is
almost beyond calculation ; of fruit there
is enough to tempt the desire of every
one; of the meats the supply has never
been exhausted; cf all the things whioh
make life possible And pleasurable they
exist io such profusion that some even
claim that there is an over prod action.
And yet all the S9 came from the soil eim
ply aa the result of man's labor applied
A tariff does not cause the earth to
produce any more bountifu'ly, nor does
it give men any greater disposition or
ability to apply their labor to the earth.
Njr dies the volum of money in cirou
lation have any such eff act. These mil
lions of unemployed people, notwith
standing thA great abnndaace of every
thing good for human use, are ready
and able to produce more, and even anx
ious to do so. And the soil of our ooun
try has not as yet begun to show what it
can do in the way of production. It has
been estimated that our country oan
sustain a population seven or eight
times as great as we now have.
What, then, let me ask, stands be
tween tbeee vast numbers of would-be
producers and the er j yment of the
fruits of honest toil ? There is no escape
from the fact that there is sj me thing
that intervenes, something that sys to
these non workers, "It is true that the
earth could pre dace more with your la
bor, and that you are crying out in de
spair for the want of what you might
produce." But this ory has always been
heard, and the world ia used to it.
BY QUIJiC? A. GLASS.
In the Advootb of Nmmber7, P.
C. Branch, ot S-erliog, K-iS., ctfars some
remarks upon the land qieation, and
calls upon Erother Saediker for answers
to certain questions whioh he asks. I
have no doubt that Mr. Branch will get
a very prompt aaswer from Brother
Snediker, because, like all earnest single
taxers, he is built that way, and I am
not going to spoil Brother Saediker'e
pleasure by undertaking the work he
has been ask-d to do, and is abundantly
alls to do. Bat I am going to take up
this question of the difference between
rent for improvements and ground rents
or economio rents aa individual property
and the question of moral right that
Let me quote from Mr. Branch: "Lvad
value and the value of improvement!
under existing laws are both taxable,
the owner paying the taxes out of the
rent received from the tenant"
This statement of Mr. Branch's ia
sxiomatio in its correctness. As to the
saving to the tenant in case the taxes
were entirely oolleoted from the ground
rent, there would be exemption from
personal property taxes, from any and
all occupation taxes and from all indi
rect taxes which he now pays under in
ternal revenue and tariff laws.
"I assert that land value should be
exempt from taxation because land value
ia a product ot labor." Land value is
not a product of individual labor but is
due to the growth of (he community, or
if the term pleases Mr. Branch better,
the collective labor ot the oommunity.
It is jast and right that this value should
go to the community as a whole and not
be diverted to individuals.
Now take Mr. Branch's own town of
Sterling. Let him go out two or five
miles in the country and commune la
boring on a piece of ground 25il40. How
long will he labor upin it to give it the
same value as a lot 25x110 in the central
business portion of Sterling?
As to the question of a man having a
moral right to individual ownership ia
rent from improvements upon ground
and none in the ground rent we hold
that every man, woman or child born
upon the earth has the same equal right
in the ownership of the earth that has
every other person; that it is the com
mon heritage and that the way to bring
about the realization of this right is for
each and every one to pay into the publio
treasury by tsxation, the rental value
of that part of the earth's surface whioh
he uses. We also believe that this fund
is amply sufficient for all publio needs
and that there is no reason for taxing
We also believe that a man has as
much right to loan or sell improvements
upon land as he has to loan or sell any
movable piece of personal property which
he may own or prod ace, and that a man
produces a house jast as much when he
hires labor to bui d it as if he drove
every nail in the boards and shingles
We believe that all taxes upon per
sonal property, upon improvement?, and
upon occupations, hinder business, or in
other words, hinder production and ex
change of commodities, and that what
ever hinders in any way the freest ex
change between men ot things neaeded,
is an economio evil to be corrected.
I wish to ask Mr. Branch a few ques
tions whioh I hope he will answer
through the Advocatk: Please sir, will
you tell us what caliijga at.d professions
separate men from actual interest in and
oontAot with land?
Can the right to produce things from
land be attained without possesion cf
How would you restrict land owner
ship? What do you mean by use and ocou
paioy as applied to city and country?
Oa what grounds would you compen
Mr. Branch says be has more to say,
and has certainly cast a stone into deep
waters. I hope the Advocate's new
rule on single-tax discussion will not
shut him out
The Eassaa Farmer and the Advo
catk can both be bad till a year from
next January fcr IU50,
A Note of Warn'ng to the Incoming Soloni
Tn Vu Nwlv-Eiected Mtmbtn of the LegUla
turt of Kanscu:
Gkntlkmes: In a few weaka you will
take the seats to which you have been
chosen, and will begin to promote the
general welfare by passing bills.
Ia the meritorious work ot enacting
laws, you will do well to bear in mind
certain well defined principles of con
temporary "free" government. Among
these are some relating to the functions
of government A few ef them will be
(1) Governments are instituted among
men for the purpose ot aiding the riohln
their eff rts to gain more wealth, and in
cidentally to discourage honest effort on
the part ot the poor to obtain the fruits
ot their own labor.
(2) Wealth belongs to him who can
get possession of it by any means, "ma
chination, incantation or device, honest
(3) The man who fails to obtain
wealth because of qualms of conscience
becomes the j eat and derision ot his fal
lows. (4) Publio credit belongs txolusivaly
to the rich and cannot be pledged in be
half of the poor.
(5) The state must never make a
profit on anything, but most rates all
money by taxation of those who have lit
(6) The state must never do anything
for a poor individual whish he can do
tor himself, or whioh a corporation will
do for hm at an exorbitant price.
(7) Nothing may be done to check
competition or promote co-operation.
The waste resulting from competition
inoraasea demand, and hence raises prices
to the benefit of the toiler.
(8) "A pnbho office is a privata'snap."
dose adheience to these rules, and
enactments in consonance therewith wjiil
soon ley low the monster of paternkllim
now stalking in our midst, laying his
blighting hand on industry, stifling com
petition, palsying effort and enervating
our youths. Nj den must be left into
which this octopus can retire. No spark
of life most be left in tr e creature whose
tentaolea have encompassed the land
and taken hold in every part
O, legislators, for the sake of the upper
ten, the blue blooded, the aristocratic of
the state, leave no vestige regaining of
those old fashioned plebeian laws whioh
attempt to place all on an equal footing.
Attend to cur school system. The
ratk growth of socialistic paternalism
therein bids fair to have absolute sway.
Instead of lettirg eaoh pupil pay for his
own tuition, he is taught wiih the others
though he be as poor as Lszaruti. Even
textbooks are famished free in some
pieces, ss well as teachers, school home,
desks, etc This is encoursging shift
lesaness. What inducement is there for
a man to work if his children art to be
But cot only are common schools in
fecttd with this disease of paternalism.
It goes farther. It is the same in the
high school, and in the Slate Agrioul
cultural college and Suite Normal
Worse than that! The highest insti
tution, the State University at Lawrence,
is steeped in paternalism.
The poorest tatterdemalion, if he
simply has brains and can gain his board
somehow, may go there and be admitted.
Hundreds of thousands ot dollars have
bean expended to put up buildings for
common use. Professors by dozsns are
employed. A library cf 25,000 volumes
is for general use. And when the re
gents try to charts a library fcs cf t5
the students objiot Of course no o.fcsr
citizen of the state need pay aiythlnj,
however much he uses the books.
Than a gymnasium has been provided
for students, and instead of developing
their own muscles, that job is In tha
hands cf a paid instructor. Worse than
that tha stats undertakes to keep tha
students clean, and has provided baths,
basins, towels, soap, etc Next thing it
will hire someone to wash thsm, if this
tendency is not checked.
Librarians pick up and replace tha
books which students have taken out of
tha shelves. The rooms are heated,
lighted and swept by the state.
All ot this should have a speedy end.
The majority of your honorable body art
anti-patera allsts. Ia our school system
you will find an opportunity to knock
this evil between the eye. This ought
to and must be done. You can't root
out paternalism under a paternal school
eystem. B-gin at once on the schools
and let the State University be the first
aful example. Lxx L Leoibus.
State UiivwraUv, N v. 19 1834.
Loss ot the Chicago Times.
The virtual loss to the People's party -ot
the Chicago Times through the sale
of the controlling interest in that paper
to Adolph Kraue, a rioh lawyer and vet
eran demooratio politician, ia a serious
blow to the oause of the people. Though
the Times has cot been avowed.y a Peo
ple's party paper, its course during tha
last six months has been such aa to
greatly advance the interests of that
party. This has been due to the itflu
nce and tha work ot Willis J. Abbott,
the principal editor, who, though cot
owner ot the paper, was able, by his
earnestness and enthusiasm, to convince
the then proprietors, Messrs C. H. and
W. P. Harrison, that their interests no
less than j astict andright were on the elds
of the Paople's party. Mr. Abbott was in
ole charge of the paper when the Ameri
can Riilway union strike broke out, the
Harrisons belrg out of town, and upon
his own responsibility arrayed the paper
on the side ot the men in that struggU.
Tha editorials he wrote at that time, tha
courage and force with whioh he corn
batted the aggressions of the corpora
tions and scored the servile Cleveland
administration gave needed incourags
ment to the worklngmen's cause. Mr.
Abbott is by oonviotion and by open
avowal a Populist. Though cot a publio
speaker, he attends the People's party
meetings and does what he can by quiet
words to help along the oause. He is
enlisted for good in the service ot the
people, and when the time comes, as it
will come, that Chicago has a great Pop
ulist newspaper, he will be active in its
establishment and direction. At pres
ent, he remains with the Timei as edi
torial writer, though in a great measure
gigged. Yet there are signs that his in
fluence is still great enough' to prevent
that paper, while be is of its staff, from
being positively antagonistic to Popu
lism, and his articles in it give the Peo
ple's party the best represintation it
now has in the Chicago press all in
sufficient as that representation is.
Don't fail to look over our book list
under the' head of premiums. Our
books are few but they are the best
going, tor educational purposes.
Those who want to learn about the
"Initiative and Referendum" should ssa
Sullivan's "Direot Legislation." See
The Kansas Farmer and the Adto
cats can both be had till a year from
ctxt January for $1 50.
Wbjn writing to our advertbira rJ
rail nwntlon to Advooatz.
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