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The advocate. (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, January 09, 1895, Image 10

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T3ae Advocate.
JAN. 9,
A Hint About Fhotofcraphs She Can Han
dle a Locomotive Declines Betas a
Angel The Art of Cooklnjr The Bicycle
For Women Shield Tor Pictures.
Ability to handlo a revolver fearlessly
yet safely Is possessed by very few men.
Women aro almost entirely Ignorant, and
for their benefit tho Now York Presa re
cently obtained from a notod pistol shot
eomo hints which will enable a woman to
flofond herself understanding should co
llision arise. According to this authority,
Ibo body must be balanced equally on each
loot, even If your burglar escapes mean-
while, slightly facing the target, and tho
orm held perfoctly straight out. The arm
should novcr be bent. The hand grasps
tho rovolvor high on tho butt, with tho
thumb well around to the Inside and
straight and tho trigger finger entirely
free. This throws tho work of holding
th rovolvor wholly on tho outer flngors.
Tho objoct of this position of tho hand
is to got tho barrel In direct lino with tho
orm whon extonded, thus bringing tho
target, tho sights and eyo in ono line.
This position also minimizes tho eHect of
trembling and wabbling of tho arm. Tho
weapon being properly aimed, it should
be held thero and tho trigger very gently
and etoadlly pressed. Tho mind should
forget tho possibility of nn explosion and
tho whole attention devoted to holding
tho eights of tho revolver In exactly the
proper position on tho target. Above all
things should tho shooter keep up a steady
prcF&uro with tho trigger finger and on no
account yield to the tomptatlon to add
ju3ti a littlo more forco suddenly. Tho
M ,v.r.VMl tonus expressing theso quallflca
,1 ai3pood holder" and "good trlg-
r i ull." There are Individuals who can
r .w ; u& thraa bricks In lino on a table.
can never learn to shoot Further,
tl.3 tight of a pistol may send cold shivers
0 own your back. In this caso also you
will have something to ovorcome before
you can become an expert shot.
A Hint About Photographs.
J "My Aunt Alice had her photograph
taken tho other day," said the young
l,ly, "and she wasn't ploascd with the
result. Few elderly people are, you know,
for a photograph aftor 40 Is apt to come
n3 a sort of shock. It is so uncompromis
ing at least the proofs are sure to bo be
foio the skillful artist has 'touched them
rp.' It was the proofs that dl3gustod
.V .rt Alice-
u 'If I look like that woman,' said sho,
, "ultthsm at arm's length, 'then the
, :r counterfeit presentments of me In
i-i.-tonce the better. I have always said
il.rt no ono should be photographed after
CD, and I never should have consented
czlj Jack pleaded so hard for one to take
bnr'x to the west with blm. Better leave
wjII enough alone and send down my por-',:-16
there to posterity.' This with a
'r; ',bzv ccnsolous glanoe at the beautifully
: VcJ painting of a fair young matron
' t V a prime of herbeauty for Aunt Alice
; . j V.-cn a beauty and a toast, and one
f . usot wondor that she la annoyed at such
n unpleasant reminder of the flight of
" 'Come with me to the photographer's,
' cnt,' I pleaded, 'and let me poso you and
mngo things, and I promise you if you
.) not pleased with the proofs wa will
16 took" aTIfttle urginglo get Ber consent,
but Jack was her favorite son, and ho was
going away, and finally our joint entreat
ies prevailed, and I carried her off in tri
umph. We went to a younger photogra
pher, one more open to suggestions than
the one she had first chosen, and who had
mado tho great mistake of bringing the
camera too near his subject, a proceeding
which resulted in a large head of the sit
ter. Few faces over 40 will stand this
test. I wheedled this young and progres
sive photographer into doing just what I
wanted, and be gave us a 'small head on
acartede vislte.' We had a light back
ground, and Aunt Alice wore a particu
larly becoming bonnet. I assure you the
result was charming. Wrinkles disap
peared as If by magic, and the straight,
beautiful features and pretty, wavy white
hair mado a most pleasing picture. Aunt
Alice had to confess that she was satis
fied. "New York Tribune.
She Can Handle a Locomotive.
Mrs. Alfred Bishop Mason is probably
tho only woman in the country who can
take out a locomotive engine. Certainly
she is the only society woman able to ac
complish this feat.
When hor husband was vice president
of ono of the largo Florida railroads, Mrs.
Mason always went with him on his an
nual trip. Sho had boen as a girl intense
ly interested in machinery, and it was
her insatiable desire to take an engine
over tho road.
And sho learned to dolt in fine fashion.
She began by gaining tho permission of
the cnglnoer to sit in tho cab with him,
not doing anything but swinging on and
familiarizing herself with its swing and
the work required for its movement.
: Sho says this was one of her most thrill
ing moments to be able to sit with her
face toward tho wind that almost engulfed
her, peering out into the darkness that
rushed past and being blinded by the glare
of the great fires as the furnace doors
swung open to bo replenished.
Her next lesson was learned at the whis
tle. Then came the belloord, and soon
theso two functions were loft entirely to
hor hands.
As a train drew up to a station in Flor
ida where Mrs. Mason was waiting tho
engineer and fireman immediately made
room for her. She know everyone by
name on the different locomotives, and
they all knew her. Proud was the engi
neer when his cab contained the bright
wife of tho vico prosldont.
Her scat on tho bench near the window
was known by tho telegraph operator and
tho station hands as tho engine came up,
and all had pleasant greetings for her.
So in time sho mastered the more diffi
cult tasks, those that required nerve and
skill, and sho could take an cnglno from
tho Atlantio to tho gulf of Mexico as well
as an old engineer, and theso latter were
Tory proud of her. Ono of tho oldest mon
on tho road remarked to hor on co, "When
ever your husband gets out of a job, Mrs.
Mason, just como down hero, and wo'll
put you 'up in tho union.' "
Declines Being; an Ansel.
She may say she doesn't want to bo an
angel In tho house, but that Is what she
led man to supposo she was going to be
when sho married him, and that is why
he undortook to support her. If she now
raises her head from her writing tablo im
patient of interruption as she is compos
ing her franchise speeches and says to her
husband, who still hangs about for a kind
word or a gentle look, "You have given
me children whom I don't want, and I
keep your accounts what more do you
require?" tho husband feels the serpent's
tooth and retires.
"My angel," he says, "Is gone out. I
shall see her no more," and he shrinks
into his study with his hoadacho or his
worries and the cloud upon his brow,
which, t. 4,:e way, sho has had no time
to notice. iT;r door is then looked.
"That woman," she writes, "should be
bothered with the petty cares of a house
hold, at the book and call of a man, her
temper tried, her time warjwhen she
has powers of thought and a . ,ice and a
presence capable of thrilling thousands
upon the political platform, this is in
deed" At that moment the merry
voices of tho children are heard in the
hall, just come' in from their morning
walk, bursting with health and spirits.
Tho political mother rises augrlJy, and
opening the door appears at the top of the
staircase. At sight of her the little ones
cower In fear. 'Let's get out of mother's
way, quick," they whisper, and before
the harsh rebuke reaches them they have
shrunk away into cupboards and passages
to avoid the maternal wrath. GentJs-
maa's Uffsaiine.
The Art of Cooking.
The lack of properly cooked food may
become almost as serious as the lack of
food itself, and physicians are constantly
finding among their patients those who
are starving in the midst of plenty. It is
for this reason that the most thoughtful
students of cookery are urging women to
do more than to consider the art of cook
ery confined to those cookbook prescrip
tions called "recipes" and to give more
attention to those chemical changes
brought about when food is subjected to
the action of heat. One food may require
a quick and direct application of heat,
another steaming, one braising and one
tho prolonged and slow heat of the Atkin
son cooker.
It Is Professor Atkinson, by the way,
who doflnes the art of cooking as apply
ing heat to food in such a way as (1) to
render it digestible, so that its nutrient
properties may bo assimilated in true pro
portion in the human system; (2) to ren
der it appetizing by the development of
Its own specific flavor; (3) to combine dif
ferent kinds of food material in such a
way that each will render the other pala
table; (4) to remove certain portions which
may not be palatable or digestible after
the first application of heat, either as
wastolike bone, as excess like much of the
fat that may be used for other purposes or
as woody fiber in many vegetables; (5) to
add to the essential elements salt in its
due proportion in almost every process
and sugar in some combinations and other
condiments, spices or flavors in such a
way as to dovelop rather than disguise the
true flavor of the principal food materials
entering into each dish.
The Bicycle For Women.
Tho mention of the bicycle for women
opons a field of mild controversy which is
only important because some of the objec
tions to its uso are taken from the hygien
ic standpoint as well as from the social.
Many objectors contend that the wheel is
as undesirable for women as the sewing
machine, while the majority of parents se
riously object to what they feel to be the
unpleasant publicity of the exercise. As
a matter of health, which is of the first
importance, the writer has made many
inquiries among women who use the
wheel regarding the effocts of the exercise
upon them and has failed to discover a
single case of Injury or poor health result
ing from its use.
On tho contrary, the testimony to its
exhilarating and healthful effect is uni
versal. Several othor Amerloan physi
cians qualified to speak from experience
in the practice among women have warm
ly commended Its uso. From the stand
point of a symmetrical exercise the posi
tion Is preferable to that on a horse. The
movement Is unlike that of a sowing ma
chine In several important respects. In
stead of being bowed over In a cramped
position, which restricts the action of
lungs, digestive and pelvlo organs alike,
the woman rider sits erect, with full op
portunity for chest expansion, while the
difference between the environment of the
sewing woman and the riding woman as
regards indoor and out of door life is most
important. Dr. Mary T. Blssell in Popu
lar Silence Monthly.
Shield For Pictures.
Among picture holders few prettier
shapes are more convenient than the
Maid. Cut from a large piece of card-
board. It !s covered with c vsr fine cre
tonne, linen or 6llk and the edges finished
with a cord. Ribbons aro drawn across
diagonally to hold tho photographs.
Mrs. Straaahan's Views.
Mrs. Stranahan of Brooklyn, who may
Justly be said to represent the social and
philanthropic tJemont of her city, fayi
the coming woman as we shall fad bar
in society:
"She will rest her sweet Influence, all
the stronger for its womanliness, on a
firm basis of learning and of heart. To
her husband sho will be a help, because
of the worthy and intelligent Interest that
she can take in all of his affairs; to her
family, for her wise guidance, and to the
community because of the unselfish inter
est with which she devotes herself to fur
thering its charitable and religious work.
The broad and lively Interest that sho
will take in all of the leading questions
of the day shall cause her to become not
only the wise friend, but the judicious
counselor of man. Her publio spirit will
tend to elevate the moral tone of the com
munity in which sho lives. She will live
true to the principles of a broad and liv
ing Christianity. She will conscientious
ly cultivate all of those pleasing graces of
mind, soul and body that go to enlarge
her Influence as a woman. As dress is
but an outward expression of a woman's
true Inward qualities she will in future,
even more intelligently than in the past,
realizing the power of this expression to
work evil or good, strive to make it beau
tiful and to keep it chaste and modest."
A Sponge In the Kitchen.
A good deal of dusting around coal
stoves and open fires may be done to ad
vantage with a damp sponge. An expe
rienced housekeeper uses a large, coarse
sponge, once devoted to washing carriages.
Throw it into a pail of warm water and
add a teaspoonful of ammonia. Squeeze
it out as dry as possible and pass it quick
ly and lightly over the plain furniture,
the paint, the zinc, the corners of the car
pets, the oilcloth, etc., rinsing out occa
sionally. It will remove every bit of dirt
and not merely disperse it into the room,
as a cloth or feather duster too often does,
and leave a bright, shining, clear surface
that is very gratifying. While you have
the pall in hand you will find it easy to
wipe off fingermarks or traces of that
grime which seems to comeno one knows
how. You give a cleansing touch here and
there to doors, cupboard shelves or tables
with very little loss of time and without
any of that deliberate effort required for
regular cleaning. Household.
Each Has Her Own Universe.
Why shouldn't a woman be interested
in herself? If she isn't, she may rest as
sured no one else will be. Isn't she in ter
ested in her headaches and neuralgia,
bunions and other ills? Then why not in
things that afford her pleasure or satisfac
tion? No one will deny her this privilege.
Every woman is the center of a little uni
verse. It may consist of either ills or
pleasures or both, yet it is all her own,
and she will not thank any one for med
dling with it. To be popular, however, a
woman must get outside of her own lit
tle universe when other women are about,
because each of these has a universe of her
own which she is anxious to have recog
nized. Whoever accommodates her In this
will be regarded as being perfectly lovely
and a real sensible lady. It requires some
nerve to drop your own little universe and
praise another's, but it pays to do so.
Washington Star.
Incompetent Guardians.
How fond somo people aro of shouting
"reform school" regarding children who
have run a little wild! I read tho other
day of a sister who was anxious to send
her little brother there because he had
offended her Ideas of right and wrong. It
seems to me that theso people, except in
rare instances, are incompetent, selfish
and cruel. To say that a child Is so bad
that it must be sent away to prison for
that is virtually what tho reform school is
is to confess that one's influence with
it is nil or one's method of discipline
faulty or false There is hardly a boy liv
ing who can't bo kept In the right rut if
proper care is taken. The reform school
or any place of that ilk is the very last re
sort. To place such a brand upon the life
of any youth unless he be really criminal
seems to me to be absolutely wicked.
New York Recorder.
A surgeon for an Atlantio steamship
line says that in his wide experience he
has found women, on the whole, cooler
and more self possessed than men in cases
of disaster at sea, and, according to the
report of the passengers on the ill fated
Oregon, which was wrecked some years
ago, the womon behaved with remarkable
calmness. In describing the disaster ono
of the passengers, Mr. S. Newton Beach
of London, said, "Tho coolest persons on
board were the ladles, as thev .wat r
when the caso is not one of a ve, but
cstcfrwl conger," i"-

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