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10 ' t : ..x. THS niSING TIDE OF EUEOPEANS rrc:?c:-ts of a Cjn!ck Seeovcry o! Irardjra- Uaafrora the last Paiile. According to the . report of the Com . miwioner of Immigration, 258,533 immi grants arrived ia the United States in 'the fiscal year ending on June 30, 1893. Tbt3 is the lowest point reached by immigration since 1379, and it ia believed that it will prove the lowest in the period "of hard times from which the country is just emerging, es the Commiesioner thinks that the immigration of the cur rent fiscal year will exceed 300,000.- Whea it was discovered two years ago that tha hard times had not only checked immigration but also spurred emigration, thara were prophecies that this country never again would be the refuge of great European hordesj and that immigration henceforth would cease to cut an im portant figure in the history of the United States. The fact was overlooked, however, that there had been for many yaars a considerable emigration from tbid country to Europe, and cow that immigration seems to be again on the rise, as shown by the statistics of this port for the last few months, the statis tics of the rise and fall of immigration be come significant. There have been, since immigration began to attract attention, several periods when it was checked suddenly by busi ness depression or war, The panio of 1837 found immigration at the high-water mark of its history up to that time. In that - calendar year, then coterminous with the nsoal year of the immigration statistics, rather more than 79,000 immigrants j came into the country. Next year, when the fact of hard times here had impressed itself upon the peasantry of Europe, immigration fell to a little below 39,000, a reduction of more than 50 per cent. Only once since that time has there been a greater percentage of decrease in two "consecutive years. There was a some what marked decline in 1813, although the statistics for that year are confusing, as the date of the end of the fiscal year was just then changed. The most marked deoline came in 1835, when im migration fell below 201,000, having been nearly 423,000 in 1851. Between hard times and civil war immigration rem ainod raost of the times below 200,000 for the next ten year, being highest in 1857, when it was nearly 217,000, and lowest ia 18G2, when it was 89,000. The re covery after 1838 had been rapid, where as it was slow and wavering after 1854. It was remarkably rapid after the victories of 18G3,butit was not until 1873 that it exceeded the record of 1854. Thsre was a swift decent in 1874, when the fact of the panio was know to Europe and 1873 found immigration 10,000 below what it was in 1846. The next marked fall was in 1883-86. The fall between 1882 and 1883 wss from 789,000 to a little over 003,000, a decrease of about 24 per cent. The recovery did not berin until 1887. The fall between 1851 and 1853 had been rather more than 53 per cent, and that between 1800 and 1JXJ1 had been about 40 per cent. There wss a slight decline in 1889, less than 20 per wat, and a quick recovery with the culmination in 1892. The year 1893 found immigration at ' C23.0Q0. It had been greater in only two other years, 1881 and IS82. In the panio year, 1893, it fell to about 503,000, a loss of less than 20 per cent, as compared with losses of 24, 40, 53, and 50 per cent, ia other timea of depression. There was a further descent in 1894 to about 28C, 000, and in the last fiscal year to 258,000, The decrease between 1892 and 1893 was over C3 per cent, but between 1873 and 1373 the fall was a shade ovor C3 pr cent, pnd'tho raWe'ry did' rifct until three years later, whW only .fow. years , after, immigration' reacted1 ita lowest point in that period of depression the year 1878, when it was less than 133, 500. it had . risen to nearly 789,000," the high-water mark" of immigration, not since reached. Nofc only has the fall in immigration not been so low in the present hard times as during the depressed years of the 70s, but the recovery, as indicated by the probabilities for the current fiscal years, has been much more prompt than in that instance. The promise of the statis tics seems to be that the immigration of 1882, nearly 789,000, may be surpassed be fore the next financial panic, provided it be postponed for a decade. Immigration reached its earliest maximum in 1837; its second and third each at intervals of seventeen years; its fourth,and the high est in the history of the movement, at the end of nine years; its fifth after a smaller decline than usual, and a quicker re covery than in the preceding period, at the end of six years; Its sixth, after another and slighter decline, at the end of four years. This last maximum was in 1892, immediately preceding the decline from which immigration is just recovering. In the decade immediately following the severe decade of the 70s the average annual number of immigrants was nearly 525,00q. The highest annual average for any previous decade was a little over 281,000. Never has a heavy decline of immigration been followed by so quick a recovery as now seems prom ised. If the rate of increase is as large as that between 1878 and 1882 more than 1,000,000 immigrants may come to this country in the year 1899.-10 York World November 17, 'r - i As It Is In Germany. In view of the many recent instances in which newspaper editors have been held for contempt of court for editorial utterances in this country, how muoh more secure is individual liberty and freedon of speech and the press here than in Germany, Editor. The trial of Herr William Liebknecht, the socialist leader, upon a charge of lese majeste in having insulted the Em peror in his speech opening the Social Democratic Congress recently held at Breslau, has aroused public attention to the unsound condition of judicial pro cesses. The judgment of the court at Breslau actually admitted that Herr Liebknecht was especially careful to select words with a view of avoiding a charge of frse majeste, but condemned him because he ought to have considered the possibility that some persons among his audience would find in them a mean ing constituting lese majeste. "If," says the Voncarts, the socialist organ, "an offence no longer depends upon the nature of the words used or upon the speaker, but upon how third parties may choose to interpret them, the most harmless expression may render the speaker liable to imprisonment.1 How's This? We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. Chksit & Co., Proprietors, Toledo, O. We ! the undersigned have known F.J. Cheney for the last fifteen yean, and be- lieva him perfectly honorable in all busi ness transactions and financially able to carry out any oougauon maae oy tueur firm. Wkst & Thua.i. Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. WitDisa, KunuN & Mxavrs, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo. O. Hall's Catarrh Cure la taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all drozzists, Tevtlxo- nlalafrw, uuji wwDin naxes Arranjeaiants With tee Government for Premeditated -, Violation of the Contract Labor law. member 20. The World New York', &o. ,!sh the following: to-morrow will pUb. bartered from Austin Corbin' recently c'tv tb-e Funch, Edeye & Co,,- of thta steamship Chateau Yquemv This . sailed from Genoa November S: foffte Orleans, with 700 Italians on board". At Mr. Corbin's office noinformatibn could be obtained about his importation. It is known, however,' that Mrl Corbin is at the head of a big colonization enterprise. He bought a large tract of land in Arkan sas. It was announced then that he intended to found a colony to bear his name, and to be run in accordance with his idea of agriculture. These Italians are said to be agriculturists. A mem ber of the firm of Funch, Edeye & Co. said that he had no knowledge of what Mr. Corbin intends to do with the 700 Italians. He did not know whether any contracts had been made with them. It was suggested that, under the contract labor law, the firm could be compelled, if the passengers were contract laborers, to carry them back to Italy. "We were assured," replied the mem ber of the firm interviewed, "that Mr. Corbin made arrangements with the gov ernment before he went into the under taking." It is also understood that Baron Fava suggested that the Italians be landed in New Orleans instead of New York. A Horse-Meat Market. Christian Keogh, a Perth Amboy (N. J.) butcher, annouced recently that competition in the beef trade was so keen he could not make a Hying by the old methods, and, therefore, would begin handling horse meat and no other. Keogh has now been in the horse meat business about three weeks, and says that his success is assured. He already has a good trade, and is con fident of his ability to increase it. Keogh ia a Dane. He declares that in Denmark he sold the meat of thou sands of horses which he killed and dressed. He ia shipping a large part of the meat he now kills to France and Germany. The meat is salted and put down in the barrels by him and his as sistants. The local health officials will watch closely the animals which Keogh kills, as the stock ia not of the best kind. Keogh pays from $2 to $5 a head, and consequently gets only worn-out horses from the farms and clay mines of the neighborhood. He says that they are all in good condition, and defies any body to attempt to stop his new busi- Llpplncott'g Magazine for December. The complete novel in the December issue of LippinootVs is the "Old Silver Trail." by MaryE. Stickney. It deals with Colorado mining life, with strikes, plots, and various underground, as well as with scenery and mountain breezes. The hero loves his enemy's daughter, and his pluck and manliness triumph over many obstacles. -The scene of "Bennett's Fartner," by James Knapp Reeve, is in a wild and lonesome part of the great West, which lends itself naturally to exciting adven tures. Uarrv Still well Edwards, in a striking tale, shows "Where the Clues Met," which was in Georgia. "Three Fates," as outlined by Virna Woods, are varying fortunes which would, or might, have befallen the California heroine, ac cording to which of three suitors ehe married. "The End of Captain Ferguson," by Beulah Marie Dix, is a brisf but vivid sketch, in the modern heroic man ner, from old wars in Germany. "English Mediaeval Life" is pleasantly described by Alvan F. Sanborn, and "Athletio Sports of Ancient Days," apropos of the comiaj? revival of tha Olympic games at Athena, hv f hmrn James de la Hunt Lyman Horace Weeks gives an account of JaDan RrA. Lore." As a pendant to these foreign topics William Cecil Elam tells of "Cun- for Cobblers" in Virginia, and Law- mnj,. -en or "Orchids," now bo much rencelr. -ngus. Calvin Dill Wilson cultivated! sea.. -ious kind3 of "Meats" enumerates the va. in all parts of the" ear&xu "r,'ew-Pointfl " Under the title 'Opposing . . Mestion Frederic M. Bird considers1 th , whether editor and contributor ar ft. ural enemies. "Shrived," by Margaret CilmatfG'eorgev is an unusually successful revival of the old ballad style, handling a delicate sub- ject with vigor and feeling. The other r poems of this number are by Elizabeth' Harman, Alice L Eaton and Carrie Blake Morgan. SIxt Cari'tfapffs' Services; The suit of Sixt Carl Kapff against the United Liquor Dealers' Association- oS Brooklyn for the recovery of $60oisdbwni for trial in the Supreme 'court in that city. It is an outgrowth of't'mv fight off the storekeepers against the Crosby high1 license bill in the Legislature of 1&87. Mr. Kapff alleges that he was sent to Albany by the association to work: against the bill, and was promised $C0O' for expenditures. Although the bill was passed, it was vetoed by Govener Hill, and Mr. Kapff came back to Brooklyn in a happy frame of mind and took to himself some credit for the final upset of the obnoxious bill. He couldn't get his money, however, and after waiting for it several years, retained Mirabeau L. Towns, the poet lawyer, to bring the suit There may be some in teresting developments over the methods of lobbying at Albany. New York Sun. "Advocate" List of Premiums, Books and Periodicals. Value. Yearly lubtcribert. The "Advocatk" Sewing Ma chine 130.00 40 "New Singer" Sawing Machine 1500 80 Premier Gold Watch 10.00 33 Sunflower Incubator 35.00 60 Black Hawk Corn Sheller.... 8.50 7 Whoever pays cash for one of the above articles gets the Advocate one year free. We are offering the following liberal terms on books and periodicals: Regular With t trice. Advocate .S3 s $1.10 Wagon's Campaign Book 60 1.85 WaUon's Sketches of Roman History 25 1.10 Bondholders and Breadwin ners (Kin) 25 1.10 Seedtime and Harvest (King) .25 1.10 Direct Legislation (Sullivan) .25 1.10 The Dogs and the Fleas 50 1.2) Two Years In the Osawatomie Insane Asylum (Wilson) 25 1.00 HIUBT OtOXGE'S BOOKS. Progress and Poverty (paper). .SO $1.25 Progress and Poverty t cloth).. 1.00 1.50 Social Problems (paper) 60 1.25 Social Problems (cloth) . 1.00 1.60 Protection or Free Trade 50 1.26 A Perplexed Philosopher 60 1.23 The Condition of Labor .80 MS The Land Question 20 1 10 Property in Land 30 1.15 riiioniciu. The Arena, Boston (magazine) 5.00 8.00 Amtrloan Nonconformist, In- dlan spoils 1.00 1.73 National Reformer, Hardy, An kansas. monthly 25 1.15 Silver Knight, Washington, weekly 1.C0 1.85 Rocky Mountain News. Den ver, weekly 1.00 1.75 Chicago Express, weekly 100 1.40 Farm Poultry l.oo 1M Farmers' Tribune 1.00 1.75 Farmers' Voice. Chicago. 75 1.60 Kansas Farmer, Topeka 1.00 1.60 People's Party Paper (Tom Watson). 1.00 1.75 Missouri World (ChilUcothe). .CO 1.85 Woaaaxlad ,u 1.10 J