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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
NOVEMBER 24, J. . I itufuf-rl l"l",I"J"I""I"I",I'"I"W,H"l,,I"I' V LABOR NEWS.t ' pie Assistant Labor Commissioner. Few worklngmen appreciate the amount of labor which la required of thOj oBiuilHHloner of Labor. He does not hum quite as prominent an office In the State House as some of the other nWrotoera of the State government, and his contingent fund Is not as large. Rut S''!-1 '"ilMll'i llli'f,'iJ ' WALtKR L. HOI.COMR. . his work counts, and a great deal of it li done In a year by two men like Labor Commits loner Johimon and his assist ant,1 Walter L. Holromb. Labor Com ralHstoner Johnson has been out on the Union Pacific for two weeks collecting data -on the BseBHed valuation of real property. He was recently in the south eastern part of the State, where he se cured materia! to aid Attorney General Iioyle's fight for the enforcement of the Hcreen and anti-scrip law. Mv Holcomb Is a hard worker in the ofJlce, where much of the hard work of gettfus gathered material in shape falls upon him. He had previous experience TnruJ&r Commissioner Todd and is full of valuable information regarding labor matters. He Is especially an authority on prison reform. - iiX. Holcomb was born iu Hlpley comity, Indiana, September 23. 1856, and came to Kansas in 187.1. He taught schoo); there for several years and after ward acted as Superintendent of Public Instruction of Morton county. Since 189Q, when he assumed charge of a Popu list piper in liutler county, he has been ' engaged In newspaper work, excepting . the tlpie he has been In the Lalor Com missioner's office. He is married and has, three boys. ...BOYLE HELPS THE MINEKS. . Will Vigorously Enforce the Screen and 1 ' ,'j.v Anti-Scrip Laws. Tli'ininers of southeast Kansas have foun a fighting friend. It is L. C. Boyle, Kansas' Attorney General. In 1893 the Legislature passed a screen law, which 'provided that miners should have all coal brought out of the mine, which was accepted by operators weighed be fore if was screened. It had been the practice of the operators to ecept the result of the miners' work, run the coal over a coarse screen, and then pay only for tl lump coal which did not pass through. This law has been persistently ; ' violated by the operators, and the miners were, robbed to the value of the coal which, passed through the screen and was afterward sold. The anti-scrip law was passed by the last Legislature and was iryknded to prevent one of the worst swindles, ever perpetrated on laboring men. The operators have stores and pay-their employes In scrip or checks which, are redemable at their face value at the Htore only. The miner is com pelled to trade there or accept a big .discount on his check. If he does trade there, he is charged exorbitant prices 'for the necessaries of life. This law provides that wages' must be paid in cash or in checks or drafts on some bank. It Is being violated also. County Attorney Widley, of Crawford county, whols a Populist and 'who is acting in concert with Attorney General Boyle, has begun a criminal action against an - operator who is violating both laws. petitions by the score, acquainting him 1 wfift the facta relative to violations of theBlaw,ond asking his assistance in their enforcement, have been pouring in to Attorney General Uoyle, and he lias taken the matter up. The case of the arrested operator will be tried at Glrard, December 2, and Mr. Boyle will make the effort of his life to secure conviction The operators urge that the laws are unconstitutional. This is not a new argument, though It is the favorite weapon with which corporations fight laws which 'are intended to diminish their power to rob the laboring man. Local Labor Notes. The barbers meet Monday night. Conrad Mayer's barber shop Is still non-union. E. D. Wilcox is no longer with Miller & Hammon. Switchmen's ball at Hamilton Hall to morrow night. W. II. Callahan, of Barbers' No. 25 is ljlng at the point of death. Pioneer Council No. 1 of the Ameri can Labor Union has over 200 members. W. II. Low and John Pleasant, of Bar ber's No. Z, who have been sick, are at their chairs again. Barber's union No. 25 has subscribed lor copies .of the Advocate and News for every union shop in town. Elmer Wagner and Mrs. Llnnie Bar ttger were married Thursday morning at Lawrence by Judge Norton. They are residing at 113 West Eleventh street. A prominent dgarmaker says that if Topeka smokers patronized home-made cigars as they should there would be sixty more menemplnyed here In that trade. Here's a thinker for the Com mercial Club. From present indications the receipts and expenses of the Trades Assembly ball will about balance. The ball went off successfully, but the crowd was not large enough to entirely overcome the expense. Everything was done that could be done to push the ball on, ex cept that .all who had an interest in it did not take as active a part as possible in selling tickets. There was no com plaint made as to the ball itself, and outside of finances everything was more than satisfactory. European Trip Converts Madden. W. T. Madden, of Wlnfleld, has re cently returned from a trip to England, and the Courier (Rep.) says: He says there is quite a sentiment in England in favor of international bimet allism, but it lb opposed by bankers and business men almost to a man. He studied the financial system of England carefully and believes It to be a good, very simple and easily comprehended. The most important feature of his observations was his indorsement of the government ownership of the telegraph. H estudied the plan carefully and Is fully convinced that It is a success. The ser vice there under government control Is more satisfactory and cheaper by half than in this country under private own ership, and yet the government last year cleared over $4,000,000 from the busi ness. On account of its cheapness and the manner in which It Is conducted telegraph Is used much more there than here and is a great convenience to the business world. TO ( I KK A tOI.I IN ONE 1AY Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All Druggists refund the money if It falls to Cure. 25c. REAL ESTATE KJEMIES. A. A. MAJORS, 111 E. EHiUTII AVE., CENTRAL RENTAL AGENCY. lood houses fur nale or rent. Loans and Innurance Notary Public. FOR SALE. W acres. :i'4 miles out ; S1.H00; one-half cash; former price $4,000. HO acres, only II miles out. verv nice; one-fifth cash; former price $5,000. tWacre8.fi miles out; $I.S00; one-half cash. 40 acres. (I miles out ; $I.1K; one-half cash. at acres. It miles out; jUiOO; mo-half cash. Houses anil lots on payment plan. Almve places all well Improved. JOHN L. HOWARD, 418 Kriisim Ave. A BIG BARGAIN'. ONK ft-HORSE POWER engine, nearly re; one 8hore power boiler with new Hues, and all the fixtures only l2ft. Add reus or come tod see It at Pu rine's 1'low Works, Topeka, Kas. CUHtS WHiHk all HXflAilS Beat Cough Syrup. Tames Good Intlmrt. Sold brdmpglMs w .,,,, ,,,,,,, i, , , t i ... , VTT i I VT I T'i 1 H T r TT I I I t r i l ' '' ADVANTAGES OF UNIONISM. Some of the advantages of (trades unionism are: Protection from the selfish competi tion of laborers for work as individuals, which would speedily reduce wages to the subsistence point where the supply of labor exceeds the demand. This ap pears to be the normal state of affairs under present economic conditions. A liberal education as to the laborer's relation to his employer and the business world, and as to where his wages come from and how and under what condi tions the emploer Is able to pay them. While, on the one hand, through the mingling of the counsels of the conser vative family man with the foot-loose radical unreasonable demands upon la bor are prevented, on the other side, ser vile acquiescence in injustice is unlikely. Unionism imposes a restraint on the hogglshness of the selfish and aggres sive, and cultivates self-respect in the careless and indolent. By forcing the study of economic con ditions Into his own immediate affairs it makes the laborer more solicitous as to the welfare of the business in which he may be engaged, and by showing him the intertwining of his own condition with that of others it makes him a stu dent of social ethics and a good citizen. Subjection to discipline by his organiza tion and seeing and acknowledging the necessity for it he is tended to become law-abiding and deaf to anarchistic the ories. The sick and death benefits teach him that he is, to some extent at least, his brother's keeper and cultivate in him a fraternal feeling. The employer, knowing the union scale and that he can contract with a responsible organization for comnetent 'tabor on that basis, is enabled at all times to make close and correct esti mates on the cost of labor when bidding for work, and this cannot be done with unorganized labor. In conclusion, It may be said that in a social system founded on the Chris tian philosophy, a trades union being purely selfish and of militant nature would be as unnecessary as a militia company in heaven, but so long as the wolf of free competition Is snapping at the heels of laborers struggling for ex- istence the trades union is the only barrier between the wage-worker and slavery; and while trades unionism as It exists to-day cannot withstand criti cism as to the crudeness of its methods and the ineffectiveness, in many in stances, of its policies, yet it has within it the germ of a more Christian and bet ter civilization. WM. H. MARRS. LABOR CNIONS. BEQUEST THE raw on your printing. It Is a guaranty of skilled and fair-paid workmanship. The following newspaper, job and book offices In Topeka employ Union Labor and ace worthy of.-your patronage: The Kansas Farmer.. The Advocate and News. The Mall and Breeze. The Topeka Capital. The Topeka State Journal. The Kansas News. Crane Printing Co. Kansas State Printing Co. Hall Lithographing Co. The Mall Printing House. Adams Rrothers. The Topeka Printing Co. The Gillies Printing Co. TherL'nlon Itarber Shops of Topeka are: Oaoar Bhaoffer 819 Kansas Ave. Callahan A Brown 8111 Kansas Ave. Sheard & Knecbt 035 Kaunas Ave. Nelson A Harmon 00I Kansas Ave. Thomas Davis M5 Kansas Ave. Miller, Ilammon & Wilcox ,...4'.'S Kansas Ave. V A. Outsell & Bon 881 Kansas Ave. Oscar Rader 215 Kansas Ave. Whit mere Bros 732 Kansas Ave. Royal Barber Shop 710 Kansas Ave. Jeff CaldweM. 108 E. Seventh St. Capital Barber Shop 60S Kansas Ave. fifth Avenue Hotel Barber Shop.... 1 lit Kast fifth St. M. C Wright 120:1 K. Sixth Ave. Joe Ktee 408 K. fourth Ave. Star Barber Shop 820 N. Kansas Ave. H. B. Wood 8H4 Kansas Ave. flfl TTTtrTTiMM"tTttTtTttTrrT"TiiT ' yl rrr rrr r r i rn v n V I n r ' What's the Advantage In Being a Union Man? Write out your idea of the advantages of unionism in an article of not more than 500 words, and Bend it to the Advocate and News. The Advocate and News will pay ; $5 for the best article of that character and $2.50 for the second best, and will publish any others found worthy. Write your name and address on the first page of your article. Send it in early. Address it to the ADVOCATE AND NEWS, 111 E. Eighth Ave., Topeka. k In ' I'l ill :'' - I. .AiVin'.ti 'in 'n'lLliWH"lH'1'1 709 KANSAS AVK. AUKKBACII ft GUETTEL. NOW'S THE TIME FOR Great stacks in our store thia week. Great stacks have pone out, too taken by people who knew where to get what they wanted at prices they wanted to pay. We have what you want come in and get it. fJsn's Fins Overcoats, Made of genuine Koyal Kersey Muck. Brown and Blue color made with raw wdfres-lined with triple warp leather cloth some with black Clay Worsted -usual prices on mis quality are On Hale Now at... $12.59 Man's Fine Patent Mm Ulstsrs, With larire storm collars lined with double warn leather cloth finely finished inde- siruciiDie sieeve linings usual price on tnis tine ster is f 14. On Sm Now at Men's Fir.3 All Wool Kersey 0 vsrcsals Exquisitely lined and finished with lap seams, Mohair sleeve lining, made and cut in latest style ana wortn every cent of $10. Now on Sale at $7.50 tali's Irish Frisze Ulsters, Oxford and Brown colors, lined with neat check cashmere large storm collars double stitched, pockets stayed are ac tually $u uisiers in any store. On Special Sale at. $6.15 Overcoats at $5; Ulsters at S4.75 Big Bargains. We are ready for your mall orders. Prompt and perfect service is our motto. MUMUMi