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THE ADVOCATEnAND NEWS.
1897. Bleep and Chickens. Sheep are especially sensitive to the kind of soil from whlcn they are to feed. Some are better adapted to up lands or hills, and others to lower grounds and richer pastures. Some are better adapted to produce good mutton, others to produce finer and larger fleeces of higher priced wool. The farmer's land and his markets for mutton and wool and the special attention he can give his flock, should determine for him the kind of sheep he should select for the beginning of a new flock. Almost any kind that can live on his farm and under his care, may pay expenses; but only the best breeds and those best adapted to his circumstances will afford the most profit, and these are the kinds he should pur chase for a starter. Sheep and chickens when once estab lished on a farm, hold their place for a long time. The more necessity, there fore, for making good selections In the beginning. Each man should determine beforehand what he Intends to try to do, and then make his choice of breed in acordance with his plans, and work toward the end in view. Sheep and chickens may seem Bide stock raising to farmers who raise corn and wheat by the hundreds of acres, but tbey often prove that the profits from these side stock raisings add much to the pin money of the farmer's wife, and to the ready cash of the farmer himself, and that the time and expense used in fur nishing a small herd of good sheep or a flock of good chickens for his wife and family to care for, pay better than any other Investments, In time or money, he has ever made on his farm. If the larg est profit Is to result, the best breeds must be selected and the best care must be used to accomplish what you have un dertaken. Select your sheep with care and Judg ment, and they will soon pay expenses. Journal of Agriculture. Gost of Raising Corn, A few weeks , ago, the Orange-Judd Farmer published an article showing that corn can be produced at 6 cents a bushel. Mr. O. V. Waters, in the Jour nal of Agriculture, says the estimates of that paper are "Immeasurably low and wholly misleading so far as the cost of the three items of 'removing Btalks, plowing, harrowing and planting' are concerned. For Instance the estimates for 'removing stalks': In the first place it Is not good farm practice to remove the stalks unless they are cut at the proper time for feed,- In which case their removal would not come in as an item of cost in the preparation for the sue ceeding crop. But the estimate given .03.1 cents per acre would give a man uud two-horse team about 31 cents a day for the work of cutting the stalks with a cutter or for raking and burning. "Plowing, harrowing and planting are all three grouped and put at 54.9 cents per acre. Let us take each separately, and see how much time would be re quired for a man and team of two horses to do one acre. In plowing, two and a quarter acres a day is fully up to the average for a two-horse outfit, but make It two and a half acres. This makes two fifths of a day per acre. In preparing ground for, corn it should receive two harrowings. Fifteen acres a day is more than the average amount that may be gone over with a two-horse team; but say a team does that much and we have two-fifteenths of a day per acre. In planting, twelve acres a day Is -good work with a check-rower, hence one twelfth of a day per acre would be re quired to plant. Add together two-fifths, two-fifteenths and one-twelfth and we have thirty-seven sixtieths of a day for 0.549, or 89 cents a day. "Take the next item, cultivation. There is is a wider range as to amount of work done in this than in the preparation. The average amount should not be less than two harrowings and three plow lngs. Fourteen acres a day for harrow ing, and seven acres a day for cultivation would give four-sevenths of a day per acre, which, at 0.559, would be 97 cents per day for man and team. According to the above estimates, the number of days actual time required to raise-one acre of corn would be one hundred and thirty one four hundred and twentieths, which, at the rate given by O. J. Farmer, would pay the farmer for one man and team just 86 cents a day, all told. "The estimates for gathering and crib- lt . . 1 . 1 l . AV - i . uuig are auuui ngiii, i.-2 ueuuf yer bushel being the average price paid in Missouri." Breeder's Gazette asks: Where are the good fat native cattle of the future to come from? This Is a query which nat urally arises at this time. Receipts of Westerns at the Chicago yards are heav ily short of last season. Several reasons are advanced to account for this, but the one of greatest Interest to the farmers of the corn States Is the fact that thou sands of range-raised cattle which In previous years would have gone direct to the dressed beef trade have been side tracked somewhere between the great grazing grounds and the Chicago yards, and instead of going to the block this fall havo been secured by eager buyers for feeding purposes. Never in the his tory of the cattle trade has the transfer of 6tock from Western grass to the corn crlba of the central valleys assumed euch startling proportions. Drying Vegetables in California, drying vegetables in California. A San Francisco paper, referring to new and Improved processes for drying vegetables in that State, says: "Vegetables, like potatoes and carrots, are poured Into the hopper of the cutting machine, where rotating knife blades cut them Into slices a quarter of an Inch thick. After being sliced the tubers are slightly sulphured In a wooden chamber. Here great discrimination must be used. If they are sulphured too much the po tatoes will taste of the fumes; if too little they will not contain enough anti septic property, and bacteria attracted by the starch will develop. A little sul phuring is absolutely necessary to pre serve the color of the vegetables to some extent, and to prevent decay. The next transition of the fruit is to the evapo rator, a sort of small Ferris wheel, con Elstlng of a brick oven with glass win dows. This Is revolved close to hot pipes for a few hours. When this stage is passed the potatoes resemble dry chips, and It takes six or seven pounds of the fresh to make one pound of the dried. Onions are so pungent that bacteria do not take kindly to them. They are, therefore, only slightly sulphured before drying. The drying process shrivels them so much that it takes twenty parts of fresh onions to make one of the dried. The sight of the tears of the employes whose eyes are smarting from the fumes of the onions under preparation Is al most pathetic. Carrots dry In the ratio of one part of dried to nine parts Of fresh vegetable. The Industry has proved very profitable, as the dried fruit is In demand all over the country, and espe cially in the mining districts. It is not unlikely that further improvements may soon be made in the drying process. It has been suggested that steam be em ployed. In such cases, the starch in the potatoes would be partly cooked and sterilized, and after this the tubers could be evaporated as before. In this way the potato could be rid of sulphur, .well dried, end yet be capable of being quickly soaked, and there would be no chance for bacteria to develop." "Among the Ozarku." "The Land of Big Red Apples" Is an attractive and interesting book, hand somely illustrated with views of south Missouri scenery, Including the famous Olden fruit farm of 3,000 acres In Howell county. It pertains to fruit raising In that great fruit belt of America, the southern slope of the Ozarks, and will prove of great value, not only to fruit growers, but to every farmer and home seeker looking for a farm and a home. Mailed free. Address J. E. Lockwood, Kansas City. Mo. Santa Fe Route California Limited, The California Limited now runs twice a week between Chicago and Las An geles, via Santa Fe Route. The third annual season for this magnificent train. Equipment of superb vestlbuled Pull man palace sleepers, buffet smoking car, and through dining car managed by Mr. Fred Harvey. Most luxurious service via any line, and the fastest time. Another express train, carrying pal ace and tourist sleepers, leaves daily for California. ' Inquire of Local Agent A., T. & S. F. Ry. The Union Pacific Passes through the best cities and towns of Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and Utah, and is the best route to Denver, Cheyenne, Salt Lake City, San Fran cisco, Portland and all Puget Sound points. The advantages gained by traveling via the Union Pacific are quick time, un equaled service, magnificent equipment, double drawing-room Pullman palace Bleepers, Pullman dining cars, free re clining chair cars, Pullman tourist sleep ers. For time tables, pamphlets descriptive of the country traversed, rates of fare, sleeping car accommodations, or any other information, apply to F. A. Lewis, City Ticket Agent. J. C. Fulton, Depot Agent. .1! Pain Was Maddening and Mop Had Been Abandoned-Wonder ful Results of Purifying the Blood. " A very severe pain came in my left knee, which grew wore and wonte, and finally a sore broke out above the knee. It discharged a great deal and the pain from my thigh down was maddening. Large, hard, purple spots appeared on my leg. I suffered in this way for years, and gave up all hope of ever being cured. My wife was reading of a caso like mine cured by Hood's Sarsaparllla, and she advised me to try it. I began taking it and when I had used a few bottles I found relief from my Buffering. Oh, how thankful I am for this relief ! I am stronger than I have ever been in my life. I am in the bent of health, have a good appetite and am a new man altogether." J. P. Moors, Lisbon Falls, Maine. . KlOOd'S farina Is the best In fact the Ono Trim Blood Puriflpr. Hood's Pills cure all liver ills. Scents. SURE WINNER. . I OUii SUCCtSirUL INCUIAIU win prove it it jouum it. Sen nine. ablapoititaonertittoial inoabatiou new t!H page ouUlou and ntndf the msruioiourmiicnine, iimthiu nnd poultry culture uenerallir. A We manufacture a greater Tiiri ,eti of Inoubatora and Hroodera than on.nth.rHrm Alt frloe. rrom fN.tAl to win. i AO to Teetimonlatibr DtS MQINS S IWC'S, CO. tha yard. , lift Bo 147 DEfl MOINES. IOWA. WLmm REQUIRED , (BPHEaD MPO. CO., Dept. A. 298 E. 22nd St., Chicago. A. GOJUD 130JLrXrAJ !?JV"1w.li' bou'' tha actual worth of and cnmulrta deiwrtntlnn of ' tha Rallnbla Inouhntor ' k the ItrooiW of earne nam, tonnth.Hr with cut ana In miction, fnr build' nodltrr nounett ana ntiwn oi imerent onltrymHn. ptof 1 P.W.GRIGGS. URIAH CARLE. P. W. GRIGGS & CO., to ves, Stoves 1 Stoves 208 WEST SIXTH STREET, TOPEKA, KAS. rt ui AS. I lTHE3S Tin H Jfa JOm Foot of Quincy Stn Topeka, Kansas. WHAT WE BUY: CATTLE, MS, im, CMS. We pay the highent market price for all live stock. Sell your stock at Topeka and save in shrinkage from shipping farther East. Dressed Beer, Dressed Fori, Cored Meats, Licl Has, Baseless Pip' Feet, Hi Sausage, Vieea All nf ,"pp ;o;t 1-IIty that can be maue. For all wholesome and dainty foods use our O. K LAUD. It is absolutely -pure, arid whon once tried will always bo used.