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MARCH 9, THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. itutl.tl. ti.lllTl.il. f FIRESIDE - SCRAP-BOOK f 3 "M"I"H,"i,IH THE CALF PATH. Ono day through the primeval wood A calf walked homo, as good calvea should, Bat made a trail all bent askew, A crooked trail, oa all caWea do. Bluoe then two hundred year have Cod, And, I Infer, the calf U dead, But still he left behind hla trail. And thereby hangs a mortal tale. Hie trail was taken np next day By a lono dog that panned that way, And thon a wiw bellwether nhoep Pursued the trail o'er vale and steep And drew the flook behind him, too, As good bellwethers always do, And from that day, o'er hill and glade, Through thowe old woods a path was made, And many men wound In and out And dodged and turnod and bent about And uttered words of righteous wrath Because 'twas such a crooked path, . But atill they followed do not laugh The first migration of that calf And through the winding woodway stalked Becaune ho wabbled when he walked. This forest path became a lane Thnt bent and turned and turnod again. Thin crooked lane became a road Where many a poor horse, with his load, Toiled on beneath the burning sun And traveled some three miles In one. And thus a century and a half They trod the footsteps of that oalf. Tho years passed on In Bwlf tness fleet. The road became a Tillage stroet, And this, before mon were aware, A city's crowded thoroughfare. And soon the central street wan this Of renowned metropolis, And mon two centuries and a half Trod in the footsteps of that calf. Each day a hundred, thousand rout Followed the zigzag oalf about, And o'er his crooked Journey went Tho trafflo of a continent A hundred thousand men were led By one calf near three centuries dead. Fact and Fiction. Some Eecent Municipal Gas History, Prof. H. W. Bemls in The Forum. The trend of public opinion, in favor of municipal ownership and operation of electric light and gas plants Is unmis takable. The lease of the Philadelphia gag works, for thirty years, to a private company last November, after fifty-six years of public ownership and operation, la an important chapter in the history of this movement. Briefly, the facts of the case are these: The works were Inefficiently managed under public ownership; and the lease offers consider able financial benefits to the city for the next few years. But the people of Phil adelphia were already beginning to Bee the need of better managment. The very week before the Council leased the works, the people, by a great majority, voted $1,000,000 for improvements of the gas works. That they would have voted more, ir a larger appropriation had been desired by tne councils, la Indicated by the fact that they voted the Bame day 111,200,000 for the Improvement of the waterworks, school houses and other public works. Thla appropriation, Joined to the increased popular interest in the gas works, and the growth of sentiment in favor of municipal reform, promised, In the course of rive or ten years, still better results than are offered by the lease. The Councils, last November, voted down a resolution to submit the question of a lease to popular vote, which it was generally believed, would have been overwhelmingly adverse to the lease. This same governing body, by ac- ceptlng what was clearly far from the hen, lease that was offered, proved how littie was the value of its own opinion on any question relating to the gas works. Other wealthy and responsible bidders offered lower prices and more bonus to the city, while otherwise exactly duplicating the offer of the United Gas Improvement ompany. The lease should be studied, then, not . as evidence of the deliberate turning of tho city against city ownership of a great Monopoly, which it was not, -but as a ' striking lesson of the benumbing effects on public ownership of its mixture with private ownership, as has been true for ten years; and a lesson, further, of the difficulties that city ownership must face , in this country by reason of the "spoils" system, and the readiness of the masses to follow those party bosses and "lead ing citizens" who fatten on the demoral- A iilng relations between weak or corrupt government and immensely valuable franchises, when In private hands. With regard to English and Scotch cities, there is at hand conclusive evi dence that public ownership means even a lower cost of operation and more effi cient service as well as lower prices to the consumer, or larger revenue to the community than is afforded by private ownership. . It appears that although eight of the JmJ..,.J... public-owned plants made gas of about 1 more candle power on the average than the ten private companies, obtained 27 per cent, less per bushel for their coke, which Is sold by gas works as a by productand made a larger allowance for taxes, they, nevertheless, had a total expense account of only 20.01d., or about 40 cents, per thousand feet, as contrasted with 20.24d., or about 40.5 cents, in the private companies. Again, In the public companies there'were no salaries of di rectors to pay. Further, the distribu tion expenses were 9 per cent, less in the public-owned plants than In the private companies. In view of the claim, too often well founded, that in America economies of operation are not so well secured In pub lic as in private ownership of natural monopolies, this evidence of a contrary character from England Is encouraging. The Censor and the Press in Austria. From Harper's Weekly. To this same end it cools off the newspapers every morning at 5 o'clock, whenever warm events are happening. There Is a censor of the press, and ap parently he Is always on duty and hard at work. A copy of each morning paper Is brought to htm at 5 o'clock. His of ficial wagons wait at the doors of the newspaper offices and Bcud to him with the first copies that come from the press. His company of assistants read every line in these papers and mark everything which seems to have a dangerous look; then he passes final Judgment upon the3e markings. Two things conspire to give to the results a capricious and unbal anced look; his assistants have diversi fied notions as to what is dangerous and what isn't; he can't get time to examine their criticisms in much detail; and so sometimes the very same matter which is suppressed In one paper fails to be damned In another one and gets published in full feather and unmodified. Then the paper in which it was sup pressed blandly copies the forbidden matter into Its evening edition provok icgly giving credit and detailing all the circumstances in courteous and Inof fensive language and of course the cen sor cannot say a word. Sometimes the censor sucks all the blood out of a newspaper and leaves it colorless and inane; sometimes he leaves It undisturbed, and lots it talk out its opinions with a frankness and a vigor hardly to be surpassed, I think, in the the Journals of any country. Apparently the censor sometimes revises his verdicts upon second thought, for several times lately he has suppressed Journals after their Issue and partial distribution. The distributed copies are then sent for by the censor and destroyed. I have two of these, but at the time they were sent for I could not remember what I had done with them. A Strange Colony. From tbe Washington Star. "There Is a colony of African negroe3 In Texas," remarked Prof. Gustav Ben der, of Congress Heights, "of which but little has ever appeared in the news papers, though the colony is a large one, or at least was at one time large. They were imported originally direct from Africa by a fund raised for the purpose. They were slaves, but Just about the time they arrived in this country the war of the rebellion broke out, and, of course, the slaves were free to do as they desired. A few of them may have returned, but very few. They seemed contented to remain, and organized themselves into a kind of a co-operative colony in a rude way. They minded their own business very well, considering everything and the circumstances of their coming, and have managed fairly well since. The most of the original members of the colony have died out, but their children and grandchildren have run things since. They, until late years, kept apart remarkably from the native negroes, though they are not so separated now. They are located on what is known as the lowlands of the Brazos river, land that until they came were not worth owning or paying taxes for. The Africans, however, by indus try managed to keep things running along and making ends meet. They preserved all the customs of their tribe, and always have held at stated times their wild orgies and feasts, which gen erally wind up with a dance lasting about twenty-four hours, during which time they are exceedingly lively. The native negroes of Texas fear them, and have rarely ventured to take any part in their ceremonies or even to witness them. Their devotional exercises are a series of Incantations that are aa sav age In appearance as any ever performed in the wilds of Africa. Though they are well known in Texas, they are seldom heard of elsewhere, even in the adjoining States." Some Beversible Sentences. From London Truth. Scandalous society and life make gos sips frantic. This reads backward: Frantic gossips make life and society scandalous. Apply the same rule to the others given below: Solomon had vast treasures silver and gold things precious. Happy and rich and wise was he. Faithful served he God. She sits lamenting sadly, often too much alone. Dear Harry: Devotedly yours remain Have you forgotten $20 check? Re ply immediately please, and hand to yours. Grace Darling. Man Is noble and generous often, but sometimes vain and cowardly. Carefully boiled eggs are good and pal atable. Love is heaven and heaven is love, youth says. All 'beware! says age. Try ing is poverty and fleeting is love. Badly governed and fearfully troubled now is Ireland. Exercise taker excess beware; Rise early and breathe free air; Kut slowly; trouble drive away; Feet warmish keep; blend work with play. Adieu, darling! Time flies fast, sails are set, boats are ready. Farewell! Matter and mind are mysteries. Never mind. What Is matter? Matter is never mind. What is mind? Mind is never matter. Honesty and truth are good and ad mirable qualities, as sympathy and love are endearing traits. Politics and religion avoid arguing in. Here is good and sound advice. "Look Indian" and You'll find It. From the PnlludelphU Publlo Ledger. When you drop a small object on the floor, "look Indian," and you're sure to find it. Here is the modus operandi: Somebody dropped a stickpin in the hall the other day and had hard work to find it. She hunted high and low, and on her hands and knees, and with a candle specially procured for the purpose, but it was no U3e; the pin was very tiny and unpercelvable, Its value being of associa tion rather than size or brilliancy. The somebody, after a final shake of the rugs, was Just about to give it up forever, when one of the children chanced to come along. "Why dont you look 'Indian' for it?" he asked. Before the somebody real ized what was meant, down dropped the youngster on the floor, his head and his whole body lying side wise and Just as close to the dead level as possible. In this position his eyes roved rapidly over the floor. "I have It," he shouted pres ently, and sure enough, right in the mid dle of the floor, in so plain a place that it had escaped notice, was the missing stickpin. The youngster then explained that "looking Indian" meant putting the head to the ground in order to catch sight of the smallest object between one self and the horizon. "They do it on the plains all the time," he said. "That's why they can always tell who's coming. But it works in houses Just as well as on the plains. Why, we never lose anything In the nursery nowadays; we Just 'look Indian" and find it right off." Government Ownership of Swiss Bailroads. From the Chicago Time Herald. The decision of the people of Switzer land to buy and operate on their own account all the railroads of the country is the result of a long process of delib eration. The approval of the people, through the referendum, was given to a measure which was passed by the na tional council last fall, and which was itself the result of a policy that has been continuously carried forward for seven or eight years. As a result of the popular vote the roads will be managed by a department of the government in the same way that the postal service and telegraph is now managed. The strict rules made In the past by the government to secure safety and efflcency while the roads were man aged by private companies will be on forced, and the aim of the government will be to secure a system of roads which will be a valuable element in the de fensive institutions of the country, as well as more satisfactory for commercial puropses. The $200,000,000, which it Is estimated will be necessary to purchase the roads, will be secured by a national loan. Def inite arrangements have been made as to the exact price at which the roads are to be purchased, so that the trans action will soon be consummated. Two ways were open for the Swiss gov ernment to secure control of the roads. It could either buy up the shares of stock on the open market, or it could exercise the privilege given by the char ters to the companies and appropriate the railroad property at a valuation. It was decided that the latter plan was the best to apply in general, but the pur chase of stock was not neglected as an Incidental matter. It is said that tho central government and the cantons to gether already owned before tho pres ent act over one-third of the stock of the Swiss roads. Our Muzzled Publio Press, B. O. Flower In The New TIdio. Some time ago a newspaper woman in a Western city wrote me that she had re cently looked through the biographical sketches of some leading people, which were prepared and pigeonholed In the of fice of the dally in whjch she worked. She spoke of reading the sketch of one multimillionaire whose record as an op pressor is given less prominence than his professions of philanthropy. She was surprised to find that he was heavily Interested in nine great dally papers. Many other instances could be cited which bear on this point, but perhaps there Is no way In which' local monopo lies, especially those who own public municipal utilities, Influence the dally press so effectively as by a number of stockholders becoming stockholders In the papers. The ways and the means of the corporations for controlling the press, however, are very numerous, and it is sad to say, very effective. A few years ago an address of an official of the West End street railway of this city was published as slmon pure reading matter In various Boston dallies; one paper, did not publish it, but instead gave public ity to a note from the official, asking the proprietor to publish as slmon pure read ing matter, and charge the West End Company a certain amount per column. President McKinley On the Country's Future. From the President's Washington's Birthday Address. We have every Incentive to' cherish the memory and teachings of Washing ton. His wisdom and foresight have been confirmed and vindicated after more than a century of experience. His best eulogy is the work he wrought, his highest tribute Is the great republic which he and his compatriots founded. From 4,000,000 we have grown to more than 70,000,000 of people, while our prog ress In Industry, learning and the arts has been the wonder of the world. What the future will be depends upon ourselves, and that that future will bring still greater blessings to a free people I cannot doubt. With education and morality In their homes, loyalty to the underlying principles of free government In their hearts, and the law and Jus tice fostered and exemplified by those intrusted with public administration, we will continue to enjoy the respect of mankind and the gracious favor of Al mighty God. The priceless opportunity is sure to demonstrate anew the endur ing triumph of American civilization and to help in the progress and pros perity of the land we love. The Best Solution of the Labor Problem. Elijah A. Morse in The Kingdom. The best solution of the labor problem, and the antagonism between capital and labor Is found in the book of Ruth. Boaz was a capitalist; he was an employer of labor, and when he came to the reapers In the field he gave the greeting recorded in Ruth 2:4, "And behold Boaz came from Bethlehem and said unto the reap ers, 'The Lord be with you,' and they an swered him, 'The Lord bless thee.'" When that spirit prevails among em ployers and workmen it will be easy to adjust their differences, and strikes and lockouts will be unknown. There is no panacea for the difficulties and troubles that best and environ us, like the gospel. He Did Hot Accept. From an Exchange. A Frenchman went to an American, and said to him, "What a polar bear?" The American answered: "What does a polar bear do? I don't know. Why, he sits on the Ice." "Sits on zee ice?" "Yes," said the American, "there is nothing else to sit on." "Veil, vat he do?" "Whn he eats fish." "Eats fish sits on zee ice and eats fish. Then I not accept." "Why, what do you mean? You don't accept? What do you mean?" "Oh, non, non. I does not accept I was in vited to be polar bear to a funeral."