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Devoted to me m Interests or the Home, the 5hop and the farm Tenth Year, No. 48. OFFICIAL 8TATK PAPKIi. til VKAU. TOPEKA. KANSAS. NOVEMBER 20. IRQfl. CL75ta KVKKT WFONKSDAT. PKICU K1VK CKfll'S. Agriculture and Annexation. Herbert Myrlck Gives a Warning of the Dangers of Imperialism to Farmer and Wage-Worker. ABLE AND POINTED ADDRESS. Herbert Myrick, editor of the Orange Judd publications, delivered an address before the annual session of the national grange Patrons of Husbandry at Con cord, N. H., last week in which he point ed out in a convincing manner the dan gers that confront the American farmer through competition with the cheap labor and tropical products through hasty annexation. His address Is of ad ditional interest because he gave several Instances showing the spirit of commer cialism which will have to be fought Mr. Myrlck said: We have entered upon a war with Spain to set Cuba free and to establish therein a stable and independent govern ment. From that war we are emerging with Porto Rico and the Philippines on our hands, a knotty problem in Cuba and a feeling among certain of our peo ple that this nation should plunge head long into militarism and imperialism. Hawaii was annexed as a war measure, thus rounding out the sum total of the greatest variety of fresh complexities that ever beset a free people in so short a time. The vital issue comes right here. A certain contingent demand nothing less than immediate unconditional an nexation of Porto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines and their admission to the Union as territories with all the privi leges of Interstate free trade, irrespec tive of their form of government This demand comes from Spanish property holders in those islands, and from a small but powerful coterie in this coun try who seek to monopolize the cheap labor and marvelous productiveness of the tropics. These interests realize that wealth beyond the dreams of avarice will be theirs if once they can gain free ac cess for their products to the largest and best market in the world that of the United States. A few shouting parsons, who did so much to bring on the war but who kept as far away from it as pos sible, have also Joined In the cry for in stant annexation, "to elevate the race." The wiser and majority of the ministry, however, join the laity in recognizing that missionary effort in the tropics does not in the least depend upon the polit ical or economic equality. Any form of government that may be devised for those countries will afford ample liber ties for sectarian or moral effort Let us not confuse or connect church and state, even in the colonies. The underlying principle, therefore, should be this: Hawaii, having by an nexation become a part of the United States, must be strictly amenable to its laws. Cuba must be an indepepdent re public, the United States to guarantee its stability at home and protection against foreign encroachment Porto Rico and so much of the Philippines as are finally retained by the United States, to be ad ministered (for some years at least) somewhat after the English method of dealing with the crown colonies.' Our tropical dependencies would thus be in sured stable governments, and as large a measure of home rule as they are qual ified for, without at present participating In the political and economic union of V lmtm?4wk if M w ' vr V lib? GENERAL JAMES LONQ5TREET, COMMISSIONER OF RAILROADS. A Republican Government Official who recommends to a Republican President the building and operating by tho United States Government of a double-track air line railroad iM-tween Kansas City and San Diego. ( See page S.) States that comprise the American re public, i The bitter opposition to any such wise, elastic, statesmanlike and moderate pol icy comes almost solely from the selfish Interests already alluded, to. Those peo ple frankly admit that If through annex ation they can get .their produce into the United States free of duty, they will wax fat by monopolizing this market to the ruin of certain agricultural, manu facturing and labor interests of vast do mestic importance. What is there in It for the annexationists? By remission of duties, they would make an extra profit of $30 or $40 on every ton of sugar, $5 to $8 on every pound of cigars, $1.50 every pound of wrapper tobacco, $25 to $40 on every ton of rice, and propor tional extra prpoflts on all early or trop ical fruits and vegetables. It is safe to say that in this way there would be taken from the United States revenues at least $100,000,000 annually, with a con stant ratio of increase. This loss of rev enue would have to be made good by in creased direct taxation of our people here at home. In other words, after having given freely of our blood and treasure to drive out their Castillan oppressors, Spanish proprietors in the East and West Indies now seek a yearly bonus of untold millions from their deliverers! And certain domestic combinations in the sugar, tobacco, trucking and fruit trades have entered into an unholy alli ance with this scheme. The labor question is one of the most important problems involved, because upon the dignity, prosperity, intelligence and happiness of the worker depends the republic. To elevate the worker of both sexes has been the main object of this nation for a century. But the annex ation trust boldly demands the right to employ slave labor on tropical planta tions, in addition to other advantages fof unparalleled profit This is what the contract labor system, or coolie labor, of Hawaii, amounts to. Under this method, coolies from the lowest classes in China and Japan are enticed to the Sandwlsh islands by glittering promises, under'contract to work for three or five years. As each coolie costs $130 to $150 delivered at the plantation, Hawaiian law holds him to his contract under pen alty of loss of pay and imprisonment if not more serious punishment The con (Contlnued on page 13.) Spain Accedes to Our Demands. Did Not Want To, But Backed Down as Gracefully as Possible. WE KEEP THE PHILIPPINES. Paris, Nov. 28. The Joint peace com missions met promptly at 2 o'clock this afternoon and the Spanish commission ers immediately announced the accept ance of the American demands. The acceptance was made verbally. A written acceptance will be presented la ter. In the reply the Spanish commission ers announced that being authorized by their government to reply that the Amer ican propositions are inadmissable on legal principles, and are not a proper compromise on legal principles on the Spanish part, all diplomatic resources ara exhausted and the Spanish commission is now asked to accept or reject the prop osition. Spain, inspired by reasons of patriotism and humanity, and to avoid the horrors of war, resigns herself to the power of the victor. She accepts the of fered conditions in order to conclude a treaty of peace. The Americans' demands Included the acquisition of the whole of the Philiplne and Sulu group for $20,000,000 and it is also understood the United States will purchase the Caroline group. The ques tion of the debt of Cuba is left unset tled. The next meeting will take place on Wednesday. There Is no denying that the whole European continent will bitterly resent American acquisition of the Philippines. Ihis sentiment is not confined to diplo mats; but especially here in Paris it Is the opinion constantly heard in the high est French society. It is known that a high official of the French foreign office said yesterday: The appearance of the Americans in eastern waters is a dis turbing factor to the whole of Europe. Americans, as is well known, lack diplo matic manners and will surely bring con stant trouble to all of us." As to the general sentiment, Mr. Wil liam T. Stead, who has Just returned here from a tour of France, Belgium, Germany, Russia, Austria, Turkey and Italy, and who has seen the highest pol iticians in each country and in some cases their rulers, said to-day to a cor respondent of the Associated Press: "The immense majority of Europeans are of course absolutely ignorant of what has happened. Intent upon their daily toll, they neither know nor care what oc curs In the other hemisphere. But Euro peans who read the newspapers are able to form what may be called 'public opin ion' in the old world. They are practi cally unanimous on the matter. Outside of England, I have not met a single non- American who was not opposed to the expansion of America. Nor through my whole tour of Europe have I met a Eu ropean who did not receive the protesta- . tlons of the genuine sincerity with which the Americans entered upon the war with more or less Incredulity." Mr. Stead reports that the bitterest hostility of all was found at the Vati can. November 10, 1896, the Topeka Capital printed an editorial entitled "The Death of Free Sliver." Last week the same ar ticle was reprinted in the same paper under another head.