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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
0 DECEMBER 7. THE ADVOCATE FCR A Mr MCUC si" OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE STATE OF KANSAS. PtiHaSeJ Every Wedaciday.at Tepdu, frasat. OEO. B. HARRISON & CO., Editor ad Pbopbiktobb. GabMrtptloa BtMi-On eopv on 1W mail, 91. in cmt of unjor mrre, oy man, mim utmr, 75 cents each. The advertUing rate of The Advocate and Newt are low. Esllnuitet wui m mane ana prtcee jw tiimhtA m Ka rrlrn. rhtriie for eutt ele. The piMUhert rtterve the right to reject any OblcctwncUiie aavcnvnng. ine reaaen inw pufxr may contider any advenwement wnicn an miif hr4n njt rrirrjumtlnit a firm wkltie relUltU toy can be vouched for by the vuitlUhcrt. The Advocate won tnlMilA in 18H0, and vat eontolUlatcd with The Kanmt Newt in The Advocate and Newt U the official State itaprr, ami hat a larger circulation than any otlur Kanmt Hlrli .fthth srina ijlnriiMmHiA for infornuUUm regarding tubtcriptiont and advertUing rata, aaarett Oca: THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. ItS W. IWh A. TOPEKA. KANSAS. KANSAS PRODUCERS. When the farmers of a State are pros perous the whole State ia prosperous, and when the farmers of a nation are prosperous the entire nation Is prosper ous. Farming, which Includes raising stock, vegetables and fruit, as well as grain and hay, is the very bed-rock of prosperity in this great agricultural country. Farmers are the producers who add to the wenlth of the country. Other vocations live off from what the farmers produce. Their productions are han dled and manipulated in various ways after they leave the farmers' hands, thus furnishing employment and sources of profit to vast numbers of people who are not farmers. The railroads, the commis elon men, the eleyators, the mills, and many other vocations depend very largely upon the farmers' products for their bus iness and income. Men generally shun a barren country, but they thickly populate a country which is thick in agricultural resources. Kansas producers are greatly favored In the quantity, variety and quality of their agricultural productions. The wheat raised this year exceeds 60,000,000 of bushels, the corn crop in round numbers is 130,000,000 and the oats crop 25,000,000 bushels. The home value of these three crops, that is, the -selling value at the farmer's home market, is $68,000,000, which is a decided Increase over the homo value of the same crops in 1897. But large quantities of these crops will be fed to stock by the farmers themselves and they will thus realize from them more than their home market value; so that these three crops this year will be worth to the farmers of Kansas seventy flve or eighty millions of dollars. The hay crop is another Important factor In the prosperity of Kansas farm ers. It is a large crop, brings good prices and is produced and marketed at much less expense than the crops of grain. With timothy, clover, alfalfa and upland prairie In the east and alfalfa and millet in the west, it furnishes a source of profit for feeding and market which Is greater than any other single crop that is grown. The live stock production in this State for 1898 exceed those of 1897 by $20,000, 000. And the net increase in the value ot the agricultural productions, includ ing livestock, over the year 1897 is more Than 155,000,000, and the net increase for the lost two years has been more than $73,00400. This shows a great increase la wealth and prosperity and that the Kansas farmers, In the aggregate, are rapidly becoming millionaires and will soon rank well up among the Rockefel lers, the Vanderbllts, the Astors and the Armours, and do It honestly, too. The outlook for the coming year Is .exceedingly bright and very encourag ing. The winter wheat already sown, and which is In splendid condition, ag gregates about 6,000,000 acres, and this, with present prospects fulfilled, will pro duce next summer more than a hundred millions of bushels. The Indebtedness of the farmers is practically paid, or so well In hand that It causes no further worry.1 They are now ready to make Im provements in their home surroundings, on their farms and in their farming. The best of everything Is none too good for the Kansas farmers. Profiting from the past experiences of others they' will avoid all reckless speculations and will devote their energies to purely agricultural pur suits. Their industry and the produc tive quality of the soil will soon estab lish Kansas agriculturally what It al ready "is in a moral and educational sense, as one of the first and foremost States In the great American Union. TIIK WAK SAVEI1 TIIK.1t. Since the election the strained breath ing of Republican politicians has stopped somewhat. They felt just about as anx ious as they did in 1896, and there were very few among them who did not think that the war was the only thing that could carry them through. Relief from the terrible anxiety has surprised some of them into exposing their real feelings, and they have shown that even the as sistance of the war did not give them the most hopeful prospect. Perhaps no one is better qualified to tell the truth than Congressman Bab- cock, of Wisconsin. A prominent politi cian of his State, elected to the Fifty third, Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Con gresses, and now chairman of the Re publican Congressional committee, he ought to know whereof he speaks when he mentions Republican affairs. Mr. Babcock's testimony Is of record. "Before the breaking out of hostilities In the Spanish war, the conditions which always defeat the party In power in an off year prevailed to an unusual degree," he says in the December Forum. "Sev eral hundred thousand disappointments over the distribution of patronage; hos tility of the masses to civil service re form, which President McKinley had permitted to stand in its literal fullness; the general desire of the people to rest from campaign excitement after the heated contest of 1896; the prevalent, but shallow, argument that there could be no pressing, necessity for a sound money congress so long as Mr. McKinley occu pied the White house to veto any de structive legislation that might be at tempted: the complete' absorption of commercial and industrial managers in the' enlarge transactions' of returning prosperity, and the satisfactidn of the laboring classes with the renewal of work and wages which the last election had brought to them, combined to render the prospect of Republican defeat cer tain, if not overwhelming." With the usual acumen of the politi cian Mr. Babcock would lay defeat to the selfishness of men. The politician is the most selfish of animals, and he can see no good in any one who opposes him While Mr. Babcock's intelligence com pelled him to Bee defeat for the Repub llcan party the victory was the war's, not the party's It is certainly not very gracious of him to insult the "masses' and the "laboring classes." But in 1900 he will have no war to help him out, and the despised people will give him a shock that will require no explanation. DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HARGKR. Charles Moreau Harger, of Abilene, la a Kansan with an internal conflict which Is rather painful. He possesses the abil ity to write well, and almost brilliantly, as Kansans are considered. He has, fur ther, a talent for misrepresentation strong enough to make him a leading Republican. Unfortunately, he com bines these in the manufacture of articles for Eastern papers, thereby increasing his bank account and his standing as a Republican, but doing the State no good. Now for the Mr. Harger who writes for Harper's Magazlne,the Chicago Times- Herald, New York Post and other publi cations we must confess considerable admiration, Just as we are proud of the genius ot Will White. But as to the low down Mr. Harger who lies about his fel low citizens and drags the good name of his State in the mire simply to give himself more political 'prominence and to line hl pocketbook, we can only wish that he would move to Missouri or get' a position on the Board ot Charities. He belongs to a class from which the State has suffered severely and of whom it would well be rid of. An example of this Mr. Hargers stuff Is found In a recent issue of the New York Evening Post' It bears a Topeka date line of November 22, and purports to show the lessons of the recent elec tlon. Starting with the assumption that there was no stay-at-home vote, Mr. Harger tries to prove that the Populist farmers, "thousands of Democrats'' and the silver Republicans eagerly flocked to the polls to vote the straight Republican ticket' Evidently having learned noth ing of the war, he says that the campaign was fought solely as a continuance of that of 1895, and that it Is the end of the "free sliver heresy." Education on finance and the turning over of People's party management to unscrupulous town bums, he says, made a Republican vic tory possible. McKinley Is neglected and forgotten. Ho Insinuates that Governor Leedy never saw a farm, and charges other leading Populists with being "fix ers" and rogues. If Mr. Harger Is to be believed, the recent election was a change from hell to heaven in this State, one which differs from the real place, however, In that he suggests that.it will do anything for the capitalist But In one of his closing sentences Mr. Harger unmasks his dubiousness. He does not know how soon the spectre, Populism, may stare him in the face again, although he has had It killed ev ery year since It was born. "As the prosperity seems," says Mr. Harger, as it "seems to be based on a solid foundation, and to be governed by right principles, there Is a prospect of Its lasting for many years." All unconsciously he be trays himself. With all his knowledge he can only give indirect and uncertain assurance by summing up that the pros perity so widely heralded only seems to be here, and that there is only a pros pect of Its lasting and only for "many years," not permaneatly. There 13 no certainty about the competitive system which Mr. Harger upholds, and when It does trot out its one-sided "prosperity" the article is uncertain and elusive. It Is becoming dally a more serious ques tion as to whether the government can control the corporations or the corpora tions shall control the government A national roadway of this kind would exercise a wonderful influence in solving this great question. It would be the people's thoroughfare and would tend to neutralize the strife and greed among transportation companies which now so often disrupt business and precipitate feud3 and strikes. Reasonable and equitable rates for transportation and stability therein are what the business and productive Interests of this country most desire. The railroads and trans portation companies desire this same stability. It Is far better for them to have stable and equitable rates than to be cutting rates and wages and fighting strikes. This national railroad would act as a balance wheel for the business of the entire country. It would insure equitable rates for producers and ship pers and stability in rates for transporta tion companies. Its construction and maintenance would furnish employment for many men at reasonable wages, and employment for the unemployed people Is not only the duty but the greatest safe guard for every nation. Send to this office for clubbing rates with other papers. We can save you money. THIS WEEK'S MARKETS ' A NATIONAL RAILROAD. Some people of his own party are in cllned to ridicule and make light of the suggestion of General Longstreet, the United States Commissioner of Railways, that a national double-track railroad should .be built from Kansas City or St. Louis on an air line route to the Pacific coast at San Diego. But General Long street is no novice. He i3 a man of ma ture years and large experience in na tional affairs, and especially' in prob lems of transportation. He also has the fearlessness to recommend what he be lieves to be the best for the general good of the country and the people at large. The route suggested by the commls sloner is the most feasible one that could be adopted, only the recommenda tlon does not go far enough. The national road should start at New York and be contracted on as nearly an air line as possible to San Diego. It would thus strike 'about Harrlsburgh, Pa., Clncln nati. O.. and St Louis, Mo. . It would miss the mountain ranges and deep win ter! snows, could be easily constructed and easily operated the year round. Branch Tines with double track could be also constructed to commercial cen ters like Philadelphia, Chicago and Kan 8as. City. The advantages of such a road would be very great to the nation and the peo plo at large. The government could op erate it and also furnish trackage for trains of other roads or to shippers who might wish to run their own trains. It would not only be a great bond of union between the East and the West, but it would also stand as an equalizer and check upon exorbitant charges by all transportation companies and corpora tions. Precedent la not wanting for na tional Improvements of this kind. The great Cumberland road or national pike was built by the government from Mary land' to Illinois In the years from 1806 to 1840. It cost the general government many millions fcf dollars, but it opened the way and led to the rapid settlement and development of the great Mississippi valley and, In fact, the entire West and directly and Indirectly repaid the gov ernment many thousand times TTs orig inal cost Transportation is now the engrossing problem for the people .of this country. Chicago Grain and Produce. Chicago, Dec. 5. WHEAT Wheat opened very quiet and easier, May lc under Satur day's closing price at 6666c. Livef- pool showed declines ranging from tad to d and northwestern receipts were large, Minneapolis and Duluth reporting 1,647 cars, compared with 1,598 cars last week and 1,315 cars a year ago. Chicago receipts were 117 cars. World's ship ments were expected to be close to 10, 000,000 bushel3. New York reported an increase on passage of nearly 3,000,000 bushels. Black sea shipments were large. The trade was very slow from the start and price fluctuations were narrow and infrequent There was some buying against "puts,", but the general inclina tion of traders was to sell. May declined to 65c and reacted to 66c. CORN Corn was weak and low3r. The . weather was perfect for the movement and receipts were larger, 476 cars.t Cables were lower. Local longs were sellers. May opened a shade lower at 34c, declined to 34c and reacted to 34c. OATS Oats followed corn. Receipts were large,, 564 cars. May opened c lower at 26c, declined to 26JAc and re acted to 264 c. PROVISIONS Provisions were quiet but firm, a fair support from local trad ers. Hog receipts were much less than ex pected. May pork opened 10c higher at 19.50, sold at $9.52 and reacted to $9.45. May lard opened 7c higher at $5.32 and reacted to $5.30. May ribs opened 5c higher at $4.804.82 and reacted to $5.30. May ribs opened 5c higher at $4.8004.82 and reacted to $4.774.80. BARLEY Cash, 4154c. Rye Cash, 53c; December, 52c; May, 51c. TIMOTHY December, $2.25; March, $2.35. kansas city live stock market Chicago Live Stock. Chicago, Dec. 5. HOGS Receipts, 40,000; left over. 1.740. Market active, 510c higher. Light, $3.2503.47; mixed, $3.3003.32; heavy, $3.2503.55; rough, $3.2503.35; yorkers, $3.403.45. CATTLE Receipts, 17,000. Best firm, others steady. Beeves, $406; cows and heifers. $20 4.75; Texas steers, $3,350 4.25; stocked and feeders, $2.8004,40. SHEEP Receipts, 22,000. Best steady, others weak to 10c lower. Native sheep, $2.5004.45; westerns, $2.90 04.35; lambs, $3.7505.60. Official Saturday: HOGS Receipts, 28,990; 824. CATTLE Receipts, 645; 839. SHEEP Receipts, 3,536; 1,659. Estimated receipts of hogs for to-mor row, 36,000. kansas city produce market Kansas City Grain and Proiizce. Kansas City, Dec 6. WHEAT Steady, 2c lower. No. 1 hard, 62c; No. 2, 6163c; No. 3, 680 shipments, shipments, shipments,