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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
1808. THE UNION FOR SOCIALIST PROPAGANDA. Get but the truth once uttered, and 'tis like A star new-born, that drops into Us place, And which, once circling in its placid round. Not all the tumult of the earth can Bhake. LowelL The Union for Socialist Propaganda is organized on principles in which I have long believed. It will exact no fees nor dues, it will pay no salaries, it will incur no expense which does not repre sent actual work for the spread of Social ism. Its founders believe, with William Lloyd Garrison, that a political party is ;the most expensive, wasteful, and least efficacious of all instrumentalities for moral agitation and the enlighten ment of the people," but they recognize the perfect right of other Socialists to think otherwise, and the Union will not antagonize political action. It has noth ing to do with the matter. Its chosen field is agitation, and to that field its efforts and its energies will be rigorously confined. It will seek to make people Socialists, and, having done bo, will leave them to decide for themselves what, as Socialists, they ought to do. The project rests upon absolute faith that ideas, made alive by deep feeling, never fail to change society and create a new material environment And what is this but accepting the obvious fact that every material manifestation is the effect of an Invisible cause? The telegraph, the telephone, the electric light, the trol ley car, are tangible enough; but who has ever seen electricity Itself? The tor nado is quite manifest, but who knows aught of .the atmosphere itself? We know things tend to fall toward the cen ter of the earth, but who knows what is gravitation Itself? So, in the moral world, every great movement is "pushed by unseen hands." Political parties and great organizations are visible and known, but they are only the effects of ideas and feelings, which no human eye can perceive. Spread a great idea and arouse the enthusiasm which great ideas never fail to evoke, and the organized effort to make that idea prevail will come of itself. Whatever the public mind and the public conscience demand is certain to be done, regardless of laws, consti tutions and institutions. Change the ideas and the hearts of a people and they will change their environment, too. This is the philosophy of the Union for So cialist Propaganda. It ia the philosophy deducible from the history of all great social and political movements. Indeed, how can men be got to organize for the realization of an idea until they have first been got to accept that idea? Agi tation must necessarily precede organi zation. What agitation can do has been re peatedly and conspicuously demon strated during the present century. Early In the century came the abolition of the slave trade by Great Britain, followed later by the West India emancipation. The Reform Dill of 1832 was the result of agitation. The Chartist movement had nothing to rely upon but agitation, for how could worklngmen who had no votes secure the right to vote by orga nizing a political party? As the result of vigorous agitation the Corn Laws were repealed by a Parliament and a Prime Minister elected to prevent repeal. In 18B7 a conservative government voted household suffrage as the result of agi tation. It was Dickens, not a political party, that overthrew the old English chancery. By what political party In this country was the abolition of imprisonment for debt ever made an "Issue"? What polit ical party gave us our exemption laws, which stay the pitiless hand of the rapa cious creditor?" To what political party do we' owe Insane asylums, reform schools, Institutions for the education-of deaf , mutes and of the blind? Where was the establishment and maintenance of public hospitals ever made a partisan "demand"? Waa it the victory of some political party that gave us paid fire departments? Cities own waterworks, illuminating plants, public libraries and reading rooms, and many other things. Did they get them through the ascend ancy of a political party organized for the. purpose? bid politics found our agricultural colleges, our normal schools, our State universities? Slavery waa abol ished by a President who, upon assum ing office, expressly and publicly pledged himself in his Inaugural address that it should not be interfered with and that the fugitive slave law should be faith fully enforced. The emancipation proc lamation was no party measure. Indeed, when the flelda of reform and progress are carefully surveyed, the fact obtrudes itself that we owe -to political parties few of the laws, institutions or improve ments, which contribute so much to make life more worth the living. That we owe to Invention and agitation about all of our mod ern civilization we should much care to preserve. "What ia all history, but the work of ideas, a record of i the in computlblo energy which His infinite aspirations Infuse into roan? Has any thing grand and lasting been done? Who did It? Plainly not any man, but all men, it was the prevalence and Inunda tion of an Idea." What Js representative government to day but a mere register of public opin ion? We have almost realized in Eng land and In America Jefferson's Ideal "government by newspapers." The peo ple are no longer ruled by Congress or Parliament, but Parliament and Con gress are ruled by the people. Agitation is the true American sovereignty. But to be successful, an agitated pro posal must not be mysterious. There must be no charlatanry about it The constantly uttered absurdity that Social Ism Tmi?t, be "studied", docs iunnlte harm. A proposal so obscure that a spe cial education la essential to Its com prehension will not make converts of a nation soon.'' Socialism requires no study. In itself, It is simple, and Is cap able of immediate apprehension. The ar guments for It and answers to objections to It need to be read, or heard, or thought out; but Socialism Itself Is as plain a proposition a was that of anti-slavery, and needs ohty to be stated to be under stood. Has it not been over and over set forth In the platforms and pro grams of the organized Socialists of the world? Do they not all state- it alike? The collective ownership of the means of production and distribution? And Is not that all there is of it, as So cialists themselves understand it and urge it? Are religion, education, mar riage, the fine arts, means of production or distribution? Houses, furniture, books, pictures, sources or Instruments of in dividual ' comfort or ' enjoyment are these means of production or distribu tion? The .very statement of the pro posalcollective ownership of the means of production and distribution instantly reveals that Socialism is purely eco nomic, that its sole object Is to give all an equal opportunity to maintain and en Joy physical life. To agitate the pro posal is to give reasons for it, to answer objections to it, to arouse the conscience of the people to demand it as the raeann of abolishing poverty and social misery, to evoke1 the enthusiasm for Jt which, when properly preached, it never fall3 to arouse: To carry on such au' agitation, to preach Socialism in love, not in hate; to preach It to all classes, despairing of no class, is the object of the Union for Socialist Propaganda. We shall not trouble ourselves about the means of realizing our aim. We shall organize no party nor association tQ bring it about. We shall seek to make tho people wish It to be, knowing that then it will surely come to pass. "Tho believer not only beholds his heaven to ba possible," says Emerson, "but already to begin to exist not by the men or mate rials the statesman uses, but by men transfigured and raised above themselves by the power of principles, to principled something else ia possible that trara conls all the power of expedients. Liver; grout. nd commanding movement In U o nnnsJa nt th wnrlil Is th trlnmnh fi( some enthusiasm." Socialism is not a battlo with th's world that is. It Is an invitation to enter a new world. Progress Is the as cent of mankind to a higher moral piano.' We live to-day upon a plane of selfish ness, and all the crime and all the misery we deplore belong to that plane as nat urally as hideous reptiles belonged to a bygone geologic age. On the plane where selfishness rules, everything is adapted to such a rule. Let us not preach to men that such and such things are wrong. Let us raise them to a plane where love rulcj and they will see the wrong for themselves. Christ said not one word against slavery, though it was prominent in the Roman empire of his day. He led men to a moral elevation where they saw for themselves the Iniquity of human bond age. We propose to imitate this plan of agitation. Instead of mere denunciation of capitalism, we shall preach Socialism preach it affirmatively; and the con verts we make can see with their own clear vision the enorraitiea or tn me wc now live. Pnuiltli.iit ITnlitii fur Sivtiillnl. I'mimiriLiul:1. 61c; No. 2 red, 67c; No. 3, 6265c; No. 2 spring, 6062y2c; No. 3, 6560c. CORN-Steady. No. 2 mixed, 21 2c; No. 2 white, 31c; No. 3, 31c. OATS-Slow No. 2 white, 28y229c. RYE-Steady. No. 2, 4748c. HAY Steady, unchanged. BUTTER Steady. Separator, 20c; dairy, 16c. EGGS Steady. Fresh, 20c. Kansas City Live Stock. Kansas City, Dec. 5. CATTLE Receipts, 7,000. Market Steady to strong, active. Native steers, J3.205; Texas steers, $2.75g4.55; Texas cowa, J1.802.95; native cows and heif ers, $2.253.90; stockers and feeders, $2.504.40; bulls, $23.50. REPRESENTATIVE SALES. No. Wt Pr. 72 native steers 1460 $5.00 3S Texas steers 1182 4.65 22 Texas cows 941 4.25 20 native cows and heifers.. 1082 3.90 30 stockers and feeders 4.40 7 bulls 1560 3.50 HOGS Receipts, 6,000. Market strong to 5c higher. Bulk of sales, $3.303.4O; heavies, 53.353.50; packers, $3.30 3.42; mixed, $3.253.37; lights, 3 3.35; yorkers, ?3.303.3o; pigs, $2.85 3.25. ; SHEEP Receipts, 1,000. Market firm. Lambs, $45.25; muttons, $24.23. Chicago live stock market If AY QUOTATIONS furnished by J. T. WOOL8EY CO- 910 Btate Line, Kannaa Cltjr, Mo. Hajr our specialty. Consignment solicited Quick and honorable returns. Write us. Oeneral News Notes. Secretary Alger wants a regular army of 100,000 men. One Prohibitionist was elected to the Illinois Legislature.. Colorado's gold output for 1898 Is vastly greater than in 1897. Admiral Sampson says that he Is nei , ther a Democrat nor a Republican. The Farmers' National Congress is in session at Ft Worth. Texas, this week. The Colorado Co-operative Colony lo cated at Montrose recently lost three of its male members as the result of a boiler explosion. Teddy Roosevelt Is to receive $1,000 each for a series of magazine articles. ' Agulnaldo wants Spain to pay $1,500, 000 for the release of certain imprisoned priests. There are about thirty Republican can: dldates for United States Senator from Nebraska. Postal savings banks and a postal tel egraph have been acquired by the annex ation of Hawaii and Porto Rico. Now let the systems be extended. GOOD HEALTH. If you want to keep your health and strength without consulting the doctor so often, the best thing you can do is to write to the World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y., for a copy of Dr. Pierce's great book, the "Peo ple's Common Sense Medical Adviser." Send 21 one-cent stamps to cover cost of mailing only. It Is a large book of 1,008 pages, with over 300 illustrations. It is the same book of which 680,000 copies were sold at $1.50 each. The only difference Is in the binding, which in the free edition is of strong manilla paper. There is no other Buch com plete family doctor book in the English language. It is a veritable medical li brary, complete in one volume. Send now before all are given away. They are going off rapidly, therefore do not delay sending Immediately if in want of one. The above generous offer is lim ited to 500,000 copies. FLORIDA. A Superior Tbroug b Sleeping Car Line Between St. Lewis and Jacksonville. , Commencing December 17th the Louis ville Air Line will inaugurate for the season the great through sleeping car route to Florida. Through sleeping cars will leave St Louis 9:15 p. m. daily, pass ing tiouisvllle 7 a. m., Lexington 10:55 a. m., reacfiThg Chattanooga 5:55 p. ra.f Atlanta 10:40 p. m. and Jacksonville 8:40 a. m. (second morning). Stop-overs al lowed.' This route is tHrbugli large cities and interesting country, and Is operated over most superior and well-established lines of railway. The schedules are fast and most convenient. Tn addition to the above schedule leav ing St. Louis at night, train leaving St Louis 8:08 a, m. will arrive in Jackson ville the next night at 9:30 p. m., making only one night out from St Louis to Jacksonville. This line affords passengers for Flor ida trip via Asheville, N. C, the greatest American all-year-round resort. Correspondence solicited and Informa tion promptly furnished. R. A. Camp bell, General Passenger Agent, St Louis, Mo. This is also the best line to points in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and North and South Carolina. HOW FARMERS CAN BUY AT , WHOLESALE. Every farmer and others can now buy all kinds of goods at lowest Chicago wholesale prices, they can tell just what their storekeeper at home pays for every thing he buys, just how much profit they are paying their borne storekeepers on everything they buy. In our columns nearly every issue will be found several special bargains of dif ferent goods, offered at lowest whole sale prices by Sears, Roebuck & Co., Clflcago, HI., and any of our readers who will cut this article out and send to them with 15 cents to help pay the 30 cents postage, will receive free by return mall, postpaid, .their big' 1,100-page, four pound geneTal merchandise catalogue, a book which costs them nearly $1 each, and on which the postage alone is 30 cents. People who have this book know the lowest Chicago wholesale prices on everything, know Just what every store keeper in every line pays for everything he buys. The book contains thousands of Illustrations, tells how to order, how mucTI the freight or express is on every thing to all points. We are informed tuat over 1,000,000 farmers and others have this catalogue and are saving from 25 per cent, to 50 per cent on everything they buy. The firm is thoroughly relia ble, Has a capltatl of over $500,000, em ploys over 1,500 people, occupies an im mense business block and Is doing a J ...1 Y.. ...I A I ...1 ..,11 V. U nn pie in every State and Territory, and all at lowest wholesale prices. CHEAP RATES FOR THE HOLIDAYS, 18U8-99. The Missouri Pacific will sell tickets on December z, 2;, zi ana 31, wm, ana January 1 and 2, 18M, limited for return January 4, 1899, at rate of ono fnre for the round trip,, between points within 2K) mlloa distance.. Minimum rate 50 cents. BLACKSMITHS should tend for a sample copy oUhe BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT, a monthly Journal at ft a year. Finely Ulas-' trated and practical, temple sent free. Address M. T. RICH AKDSON CO,, I'uIni., 1 J'ark I'Uce, New VstrV., Mention this paper. BOOS AGENTS WANTED FOR tta only OSffUl Md inparbtjr Dlnrtratad 11 1 ATOMY C? ITU CAtrSEH. INCIDENTS. AND RESOT.TS. Art Md iUDtiT tturj o tha war, Ml, Military, and Nnv.ii, from lit b-pnaiiit tha bt. With fin tl PM.. iruiw, and ohnie aniravinin. Hj Um, MKNKY h' KJilfU- awiW V "fiKVrftH rUOVtiUl (Vi.1 and ftJi'ATTMIJMT!Nl.. n AnWiw4 44M.0 la Brit two wU tnoUur t0.) in tlmta watka. !. mart AMMvmimI. VI uamr no A Mm,. for w w AWiffAl, On tWWif, Extra lemu. nd kxettun Terrionv. Writ in Urm to (h cxcliuiv putliobm. . A. js yiQHtumuuM ttff iftrN-d YOU CAN MAKE CIC XUIBlTlXti OKI WQKMUFri) ..?lUUWl"A45iJi 1 MtMitooMs d ; pnfMtljr Ik krH WtMl, i th onhwitnt, tk lltm, tfcv baa win. n sWs MMruknwlM Iwa MlMttilM. A.V IfcalllMi M,trUrilt'l4raaliil, imWl fyrvalMat m, t. CUMPUTI OITJIT cotwIHUil ot. Talking- MMhlMa with automatic ipilng motor, 11 inn. leal or talking woortia. law lllrmUl adrtH i Cwten fUxtl InctiM I, admlwdon Uokota and InMfitotVii !l ok with advk about nmklnif rniifaifemwit.. an-Mf-liiR thaaMor halts, rto-, tn SI3.2S5. SUHIaUPI-S la kild aa affarMa M aaa aaUjsa la tt aat afanhr. Will , llfrttlma. Cattalaad. aalandatad far talakna ; fcaakiia, JUtmX,., with coplea of hundred nt . tmioniaia from poopla who are niaklnur otiMHVi..'.; dollar with our axhlldtloo outdla. ADDKKHrf, ,. . . SEARS, RCSSUCX & CO., (Inc.) Chicks?,