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1S98. THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. pendent in thought draws for her the usual amount of attention. She may be counted on to continue to be worthy of police along both lines. A KANSAS DAIRY SCHOOL. The undeveloped possibilities of Kan sas are immeasurably greater than the present utilized resources. In this State the dairy industry is in its infancy and far from being developed. Kansas has the climate, the soil and the pure water that might make it one of the foremost, if not the leading, dairy State in this country. Here winter dairying could be carried to a high degree of perfection and profit at much less expense than in the States farther north where the win ters are longer and colder and the aver age crops much lighter than in Kansas. And yet Minnesota and Wisconsin have run entirely away from Kansas in the development of their dairy interests and their dairy products are sought for not only in the markets of this country but also In Europe and Asia. They have ac complished these results very largely through the teachings of their dairy schools. Some years ago the Legisla tures of those States made small appro priations of $40,000 or $50,000 each for establishing dairy schools and developing the, dairy industry. The re sults have been most satisfactory and the little outlay of $40,000 or $50,000 has added many millions of dollars to the wealth of the State. Some years ago Iowa established a dairy school at the State Agricultural College. James Wilson, present national Secretary of Agriculture, had charge of and developed it. The beneficial results are apparent in the fact that Iowa now has more than a thousand creameries, all doing well and converting the grass and feed that grow so abundantly into high-priced butter that always com mands a quick and ready sale. Kansas is far behind in the matter of a dairy school. The faculty at the State Agricultural College have started a dairy school on a small scale and it is doing good work with the small amount of money they have to use for that pur pose. So far jthey have only had fifteen hundred dollars to devote to the dairy school, and thai; small sum could not do very much in establishing and develop ing so important a department in the industrial school of this great State. They need a new building specially con structed and equipped for dairy purposes where several hundred students could take a winter course in learning how best to get the greatest results from the wonderful possibilities of Kansas as a dairy State. Forty or fifty thousand dollars appropriated for this purpose would only be loaned temporarily to the Agriculaural College for It would come back many times over in the increased wealth and prosperity of the farmers and with the prosperity of the farmers al ways comes the prosperity of the entire State. The present special session should cer tainly pass an act providing that no member of the Legislature should be eligible to appointment to any office during his term of service as a legis lator. A partisan Legislature will never take a step like this, for the reason that too many members are casting eyes at the public crib. Secretary of State Bush closes his term of office with a report in keeping with his record mindful of the public wel fare and making no recommendations save for the good of the State. He can step out ot office with a full sense of having done his duty as an officer of the people and the feeling that the good work of his term will have some perma nent Influence. "Your wife seems Immensely patrotic." "Patriotic! If eagle was good to eat you would never see a turkey on our table Thanksgiving day." Chicago Record. "She said she would trust me forever with her heart." "Well, that was satis factory." "Yes; then we fell out about who would carry the pocketbook." De troit Free Press. Mudge "I.was just reading about how the horse was passing." Yabsley "Well?" Mudge "I wish some of the horses I bet on would pass something." ladiasapotis Journal. Plan for a Railroad Bill. The following plan for railroad bill wan drawn ap and pretoutod to the caucus by torn of the bt attorney In th Weat. Th suggestlona In It ara cxtrmrijr Interesting and valuable : - 1. Create a court of three judges, to be a court of record and to be known as the "Court of Visitation," a legal term meaning the power to control corpora tions. Elect the Judges in odd years. 2. Give this court full Jurisdiction, in law and in equity, in all cases within its province, and also vest with full origiual jurisdiction in quo warranto, man-" damus, scire facias, and prohibition, in all cases brought in the name of the State against corporations for profit Subject to It all railroad, street railroad, telegraph, telephone, and express companies, water, gas and electric companies, and all other private corporations enjoying franchises granted by the State or by any municipality, and give it full powers of supervision and control over them, to keep them within their charters, to compel them to obey the laws, and to prevent them from oppressively using their corporate powers as privileges. With these general powers to draw upon, give it Jurisdiction (a) of all cases brought by the State against such private corporations for any cause what ever; (b) of all actions or proceedings in the name of the State against any bu h corporation, complaining of its rates, or its entire schedule of rates, as unrea sonable, and seeking to have them declared unreasonable and the corporation enjoined from charging higher rates than the decree shall fix as reasonable; (c) of all proceedings in the name of the State to set aside - corporate charters un lawfully obtained or improvldently granted, to forfeit charters upon legal grounds therefor, and to prevent the exercise of franchises or corporate powers not conferred by law. 3. Permit the attorney general, any county attorney, any board of county commissioners, any mayor or city attorney, any township trustee, or any citizen or corporation, to sue in the name of the State in such court, as any citizen may now sue under the prohibitory law. 4. Provide where two or more corporations of the same character, have sim ilar rates or similar schedules of rates for like services under like circum stances, all may be made defendants, by the plaintiff or by the court, to any suit seeking to have unreasonable rates enjoined and reasonable rates decreed, and that where several cases of this kind are pending against several corpora tions for the same matters, they may be ordered consolidated. Let the decreo, as to particular rates, or all rates, forbid the defendant or defendants from charging thereafter more than the rates fixed by the decree, the decree to be an injunction forbidding the charging of any greater rate or rates for the serv ice or services under consideration. Let the decree be at all times Bubject to modification of revision, whenever, upon application of any party, It shall appear that the rates fixed have, because of circumstances or changed conditions, becomo too high or too low, and make the decree, while it stands, conclusive, upon any corporation bound by it, in any case whatever, whether the adverse party in such case was a party to the decree or not. 5. Fix a short time for appeals to the supreme court from final decrees, and provide for speeding hearings; but as a condition of staying the decree pending appeal, require a bond that (a) pending the appeal the corporation shall give every patron a certificate showing the amount paid by him In excess of the rate fixed by the decree, and shall monthly file a list of these certificates, with the amounts and to whom due and their potofflce addresses; (b) if the Judgment be affirmed, in whole or In part, the Court of Visitation may, on short notice, sum marily render judgment In the name of the State, against the appellant and its sureties, for the aggregate amount of certificates given, or for the aggregato amount of them as to the rates affirmed, and issue execution and collect the en tire amount, to be paid out upon presentation of certificates. 6. If, at any time after the -expiration of the time for appealing, no appeal having been taken with such bond given; or if, after affirmance on appeal, the defendant shall violate the decree, in whole or in part, let the corporation itself be liable to the State for a fine of $500 for each day upon which any such viola tion occurs; and if such violation be Bhown on contempt proceedings to be per sistent, and habitual, as to any rate fixed by the decree, let the Court of Visita tion order sequestration of the corporation's property, and withhold it and op erate it through receivers until such time as such corporation shall in open court pledge strict submission and file a bond to be henceforth liable on motion to summary Judgment for twice the amount of overcharge to any person, proved before the Court of Visitation, from which summary Judgment no appeal should be allowed. Any person aggrieved, whether a party to the proceedings or not, should be allowed to complain of a violation of the decree and institute con tempt proceedings to result in sequestration. 7. Procedure should be prescribed. Much of the present railroad commission law should be Incorporated, and the court should be given a revenue indepen dent of legislative appropriations. The Supreme court of the United States has decided unanimously, that the corporations themselves can be made to pay all these expenses. The revenue should go Into the hands of a court officer, not In to the State treasury, and only the surplus should be paid over." Provision should be made for making public the court's decrees in the territory affected. Such a law would use the corporation's own schedule of rates as the basis of In vestigation, and no schedule need be fixed by any board. It is idle to say that this would be delegating legislative power to a court, for the Nebraska case shows no such legislative power exists; that even the legis lature's own rates are subject to judicial control. Besides, do not courts fix the compensation of receivers, administrators, attorneys, etc.? When a court has control of a railroad under a receivership, can It not make a schedule of rates? And if a court has control over a railroad in any legal manner, why may it not likewise fix rates? Besides, our constitution permits amendment of corporate charters at will. If such a court had been provided for in the original corporation act, could a cor poration have questioned its constitutionality? It doesn't have to be a corpora tion, but if it chooses to be one, it must accept the State's own terms. What the legislature could have put Into the act originally, In the way of regulation, It can put there now by amendment. 'I his has been held by a long line of emphatic decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. This would be a great and powerful court, with vast interests committed to It; and, feeling the greatness of their trust, the Judges could be trusted to be fair to both the people and the corporations. Corporations would be taken out of poli tics, save in the odd years when Judges were to be elected; and the corporation lobby would disappear from the halls of legislation. Tenant You call your flats the Klon dike because they are so cold in winter and so hot in summer, I suppose. Ha, ha! Landlord No, because there's no such money In them as people think. Detroit Journal. Fond Parent What Is the matter, Bobby? You don't generally keep on crying after your father has given you a beating. Bobby I know it But he says I've got to sit down and think it over. Before, I've always stood up and for gotten, it Life. Nothing Funny About Them. Giles I suppose you get paid for writing those magazine Jokes? Smiles Sure. You did not imagine I wrote them for fun, did you? Giles Oh, no; any one could tell that by reading them. Chicago News. The Rock Inland Playing: Carda are the Hllckest you ever handled. One pack will be stent by mall on receipt of 15 cent In stamps. A money order or draft for BO cents or name In stamps will secure 4 packs. They will be sent by express, charges prepaid. Address, John Sebastian, O. P. A., Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway, Chicago. Our Infant Tin Plate Industry. from tba New York Kvantna Post. We observe the establishment of tho new tin-plate trust, with a capital of $00,000,000. A few years ago 1. e., in tha McKlnley tariff of 1890 a duty of 2 2-10 cents per pound was put on tin plate in order to establish the industry in this country and thus bring down the price by domestic competition. The ex periment succeeded that is, the Amer ican consumer was heavily taxed for the specific purpose of having tin plate made in this country, with the promise and expectation of an early reduction in the price of the article. Some things not ex pected at that time have happened in the meanwhile to hasten the fall In price. One thing in particular Is the price of the chief raw material, steel plates. It was not expected that we should soon be able to undersell British manufacturers and export this material to South Wales, selling it to the makers of tin plates In their own den. But such has proved to be the fact. Consequently, our makers of tin plate have an advantage over the Welshmen. The time was actually ap proaching for the flulfllment of the pre diction that prices would be reduced by domestic competition to the . foreign level. To prevent this, the trust is formed. It was incorporated yesterday with the usual formalities of preferred stock and common stock. It is said to be "one of the most complete trade com binations ever formed," embracing the entire tin-plate machinery in the United States. It operates under a protective tariff of 1 cents per pound. Its object is to prevent the consumer from getting the benefit of the reduction of price which domestic competition, aided by the reduced price of the raw material, was bringing about This infant indus try has become a giant &nd like others of the tariff-nurtured giants, has taken the American people prisoners. The pot tery men also organized themselves as a trust yesterday. Pottery cannot be called an Infant even by courtesy, but it can be come a giant, and use the tariff as a club, like the rest of them. The State Alliance. The annual session of the Kansas State Alliance will be held January 5 and 6 In Lincoln Post Hall. The first meeting will convene at 10 o'clock a. m. on the 5th. The morning meetings will be devoted to the address of the presi dent, reports of officers and other busi ness of the order. The aftornoon meet ings and the evening of the 5th will be open to the public. At 2 o'clock p. m., on January 5, Mrs. Bare, superintendent of Girls' Industrial School, will give an address on "Indus trial Training in Girls' Schools." She will be followed by Professor Stoner, of the Agricultural College, who will speak on "Domestic Science." All interested in the advancement and uplifting of the Influence in the home are cordially in. vited to attend. Professors Cottrell and Parsons will speak In the evening of same day. Rev. Melvin, State lecturer, W. B. Gasche and Robert Patterson will speak the after noon of the 6th. The subject for Brother Patterson is "History Repeating Itself." In addition to the above, papers will be read by Mrs. S. L. Ruggles and Mrs. May Heller, an original poem by Allda Otis and recitation by Arlene Dietrich. Basket dinner will be served both days and supper the evening of the 5th. All former members are cordially invited. BINA A. OTIS. Borrowed Smiles. "Papa," said Sammy Snaggs, "what Is the Keely motor?" "The Keely motor Is a stationary engine, Sammy," replied Mr. Snaggs.-Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. An Able Defense. "Why did Josephine dismiss her suit for damages?" "The man proved that he ran into her bicycle be cause he was looking at her." Chicago Record. . "Riches hab wlnjts." remarked the old colored man, philosophically. "Ya-a-s," answered Mr. Erastus JfinKiey, "dui uui doesn't make de real thing. Dey Isn't chicken." Washington Star. "I think we ought to have seven or eight days of registration, instead of four." "Why?" "Because the results ftlwava give such intense satisfaction to. the politicians on both sides." Puck. "When that man came to this town," said Rivers, "he hadn't a rag to his back. Look at him now." Brooks walked to the window, looked in the direction indicat ed, and saw a swarthy son of Italy walk ing down the street bending beneath the weight of a sack of rags three or four times his size, strapped to his back. This led to another quarrel between two old friends. Chicago Tribune.