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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
Xli DECEMBER 23, J CIVIL SERVICE REFORM IN T KANSAS. t The Attitude the People'. Party ot the Ute Should Take on Thla Impor tant Matter. Br HENRY M'lEA.N. Before the People's Party in Kansas can advance much further along the llnca of 1U paramount principle the public ownership of public utilities a eyatem of civil service must be devised and applied to our Btate Institutions. There are thousands of voters in this state who believe in our fundamental principles, but who hesitate to vote with U4, because they believe that unless an effectual system of civil service is adopt ed, the fulfillment of our theories will build up an array of state employes to bo used at each recurring election as a political army with which will be fought the political battles of the state. This belief exists within the lines of the party no less than without them. The over whelming sentiment of the non-offlce holding claHs of Populists in Kansas is in favor of a good system of civil ser vice. The People's Party is Irrevocably com mitted to the principle of government ownership not government control of nil public utilities. If party leaders pre vent the realization of this principle by i ellly cry for connervatlam, or by elect ing to legislative offices men who are not committed to the party principle, or by maintaining the spoils system, it will disrupt the party, and ruin themselves. The proper thing for our party leaders In this state to do is to line up to the car dinal principle of party faith, to devote their time and energy to a study of state institutions and state affairs, and do things. The sentiment in this state is now ripe for the reorganization of our state insti tutions upon the principles of co-opera-atlon. Such a system will require the Mate to do sufficient farmlng-not expe- ' riraentlng to raise all of the provisions necessary for the Insane and imbecile asylums, for the penitentiary, the deaf and dumb, the blind, the reform, and the Industrial schools, and for all other like state institutions. It will require the ) establishment of a canning factory, a pocking house, a pickle and preserving -Acrks, a soap factory, and similar Insti tutions. It will also require that the force at the penitentiary, and at the other institutions, so far as they are able and competent, be put to work manufac turing shoes, clothing and other sup plies for the other Institutions. As It la, the force at the penitentiary manufac tures these articles now, and turns them over to a corporation or a trust; and then, if the state needs them, it buys fclvera back, paying the trust a profit on lis very labor the state itself furnished. By adopting a system of co-operation among our state Institutions we can ef fectually settle the convict labor ques tion. Let state prisoners do labor for tbe state only. There is more than tnough for them to do. The State of Kansas ought to own and operate Its own printing and book binding plant. This plant should do all of the printing and book making for all o! the state, county and city offices. It ought to publish periodically a state bulletin in which all legal publications of a state character should be published. If 1 tn ntatn will avail Itself or modern lm- jrovements in printing, and employ the name number or. men u um unuer u? old method, it can furnish all of the printing the state 'needs, and make all c.f the books the state and county needs, i ' The state ought to manufacture all of the furniture of every kind, needed in Cie state Institutions. It ought to manufacture all of the text T-vnirn. mans, and other appliances and f urniture used In the public schools of the state. Aa It now is, we imy tnese .hinsa of the trusts, while our own work men are unemployed. Webb McNall has startled the state I j unearthing the robberies of the insur ance companies, and the opinion that we must have state insurance is fast grow ing. They have such a system in Ger many and some other countries. ( Should our efforts to control the stwk Yards prove abortive as they probably will, wo will have to resort to the true ' i'cpulist method of state ownership. The chances are that we would be bet i .cr oJf if we ceased trying to control and To at once to the root of the matter ly doing as they do in Glasgow, Scot- o people have about concluded that ( uljr way to furnish the coal miners adequate protection from the robberies and inhumanity of the coal barons is for the state to open up, and operate coal mines In competition with the coal trust, and to employ the miners at living wages, giving to them as wagee what the companies steal from them, as contribu tions for doctors, blacksmiths, and as extra profits at the "pluck-me stores. On every hand we see the need of ac tion by the people in their sovereign ca pacity- as a state, not only to stay the encroachments of organized wealth. Not only are the liberties and prosperity of the people threatened, but their ad vancement In literature. In art, in Hclence, in morality and In religion are obstructed and retarded Before we undertake the enlargement of the functions of the state by under taking these things, we should provide a system of civil service that will surely and effectually protect and preserve the political independence of the states em ployes In all state activities. It can be done. It Is imperative that It be done. It Is not to preserve the political inde pendence of state employes alone that a system of civil service should be adopted. The welfare of the institutions them selves and the welfare of the Inmates of the institutions demand it. The state institutions to-day stand In sore need of such a system. Can any spoilsman give a valid reason why a physician in charge of an Insane asylum, or a teacher In charge of a deaf and dumb or a blind school, or a superintendent of a reform school should be discharged because the state happens to go Republican or Popu list at an election? In this age of ad vancement of medical science, and of ad vancement In the science and art of edu cation, the state needs at the heads of its asylums and hospitals the very best talent in the country. The only test should be that of competency. Why should a trained nurse in a public hos pltal or asylum hold her place, or lose It, by the test of political belief? Why not make religious belief a test of ten lire? It Is to be regretted that the Popu list party has not already acted In this matter. It is more to bo regretted that there is at this time no difference be tween Populist and Republican so far as this question Is concerned. It Is to be regretted that the old party methods so far obtained in Kansas that the spoils system survives with all its vigor. The Populist party should take up the matter of civil service and engraft it into the laws of the state. It should be made one of the demands of the next state platform. Every county conven tion should pass resolutions favoring it. If the demand comes at all it must come from the non-offlce holding class Our own party leaders are too often un able to carry on political warfare except according to old party methods. It is to be hoped that the Populist press and the Populist workers throughout the state will see to It that civil service Is made one of the state Issues; and also, that they will not let the matter rest until It becomes the policy of the state. Kansas State Alliance. The State Alliance will hold its annual session in Lincoln Post hall, Topeka, January 5 and 6. The afternoon meet ings and the evening of the 5th will be open, and to these the public are in vited. An interesting program has been ar ranged. Among the speakers will be Mrs. Phoebe J. Bare, Superintendent of the Girls' Industrial School; Professors Cottrell, Stoner and Parsons, of the Ag ricultural College; Messrs. Gasche, Pat terson, Melvln, and others. Basket din ner will be served both days, and supper on the last day. BEWARE OF OINTMENTS FOR CA TARRH THAT CONTAIN MERCURY, as mercury will surely destroy the sense of smell and completely derange the whole system when entering It through the raucous surfaces. Such articles should never be used except on prescrip tions from reputable physicians, as the damage they will do is ten-fold to the good you can possibly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, 0., contains no mercury, and is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mu cous surfaces of the system. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genuine. It Is taken internally, and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free. Sold by Druggists, price 75c per bottle. Just Filled the Bill.-The Heiress 'The man I marry must be very handsome, afraid of nothing and clever. Money's no object to me." Mr. Broke "Doesn't It seem like fate that we Bhould have met." j I ye; I uii i us, uihi rnikMi. 7 lllhanumaniiia lota, trial ant Matallaaa wit lha many narhlna of th noitclia. f ' RtLIASBLI IMCUBATOR8 AND BROODERS T; stud forth, blatu valu known U III lutuiiauir art. 11 Imknm iMukof tw liana In tail IK 7tolt Ihrm and our lart (nrarrn-d poultry plant, poultry tinpll, ate. rVnl on raralpt of ; ii..in,. RQJaBLE INCtBATURaa. BUCSOUCR Co. Bi 8 , Quiacy, III. "U-i- I 'lit tlila Ail. fiutainlaMli.l to ua anil we will Mod ou thlriCOHJ HrlalXVK by frelifbt, 0. O. D.eitb. WLtneiainliiallun. You cn ex amine It at rour freltrht depot ml If found etrfcetly aalUfMlMry Mil t Mial t. Hh.ll.ra Ual null at $10.00 to 1 ili.OO, aa; laarallraad aa.at earap. i.laiVrpriM, 19.00, Ira the 11.00, or 11.00 aefr.T(kUaar;. TliAlhtl Inr weiifha 1:A noiindaantl the freight pharirna for HM mile will hflalmllt It etuis, mUr or afcnrter dlslaar.. Tii 1. ?r.H,rtla. THIS IS THI HIT flat. Kill f ROOM SMFLlf a. DM Ifit frsiait Vi rr utrunir. durable and eay lo operate. Kauai mails of bard wood and akafllaf of rnllrd tfl, kalaae whrel la large and heavy, which makes It the van lent running ihelliT made, ha adliintahle rag ironi will ak.ll y Mad af earn. Cornea with fan and feed table fnmplrte. HhilllnKcaia,lty,l!n buh-l per hour. OUDKK AT ONI K aua'tdrlaf. Wrll for fra A.ririihural lainlraa.t t.io,wa. id.r,.. SEARS; ROEBUCK & CO. (MO.) CHICACO. (Baar. BaakatkAU. are lksnaalr rallabla.-KalUir.l HOOK AGENTS WANTED FOR the only Official and auparbl? Illustrated JIIRTOUY OF JL.-''t OlilaMaaaurigiuai. Moat ouuoaaaJul Uuaolalub fcau.Mlalil itk.1. mOl Lo.l Vitality, Orainlo Vtnlntaa, Bart Damr, HBH.ITT Lack of Energy, Half DUtmtt, aak ifaiaor. Dya(Mf fa. Catarrh, Biaaiutiii Uaaaa, tttnU of Anna or fcuoa iturii to trriT tmito. nunk, No. ix, tuia, axiLia. UHJB J.KD Mall Dlamaaa, Polwn, Clwra. tan Moutli, TanM, f oarno. Bono Palna, railing Hair, LIS CI Ha, Blank, fx. KtkS 'pi.iaLnjai, niaauariaaa.uLiaT, Mrloura, riaaaaatC'ura jPaanV.lt. HOCHH. to . (Way, 10u 11. aMraaa. sPAin ITS CAV8EII. INCIDENTS. AND REHITLTS. A reliable and (ihauatire itorynf Ihe war, CIyII, Military, end Naral, from it beginning lo th eloae. With many An tteet plain, man, and choice enxraTinn. Hy lion. IIF..NUY H. KINKLI- aaaiitnl by (.SKT6n FUOCTOH (Vt.l and NHNATOll X HUH I ON (Neb.). One Agtal cleared 800.00 In Drat two week, another $400.00 in three week. 1 ,000 more Airente wanted. Diumet no hitulrmm, for we Pay Frriqht, Qui CVedit, Extra Term, and Arciame 1'trrilnrf. Writ for term to the exclusive publisher. A. !. TTOUTULNUTON 4t Ci4 tlartfont, teais. mil ) r v I Ilk III lamaaijm sa...,. 1i hiiliil Tt ir- t1! Ilal BisMlJa K. O. UeMOSS. L. M FENWELL. DeIOSS & PEHWEIL, UNDERTAKERS and EMBALMERS I. 0. 0. F. Building, 623 Qulncy St., Telephone 192. TOPEKA, KA8. FAIRGIB' SCALES. ACCURATE. DURABLE. Write for CaUlogna. FAIRBANKS-HORSE Gasoline Engines. PORTABLE OB STATIONERY Cheapest Power Known. FAIRBANKS' STEEL WINDMILLS FAIRBANKS, MORSE & CO., Catalogues cheerfully sent. STATION A," KANSAS CITY, flO. ll. mill, ,'l I aim to keep Ripans Tabules always on hand. They are such a fine medicine, visitors, and others at our house, come in for a share also. A nw etfle rex-lrct eonteJnlnir m IT? th T19TJtl In a f or earftna (srtthoat law) to now for lad at reM Vusr elMrae toa ma cnwr. Thl low-iriol ort klntwnrtud ror the poor and (lie eoonomlml. One .lot) f r rT-rnt oartonr niO tabnlra) ann be hl i-r mQ h-nrlln foHy-iifhl nenta to the Kir- Cmic . it,IlU Btree4,Jlw Ib-t e'. stoaitw Iy4jau willbeeonlfs 0et.