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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
1838. 5 CHOPS AND BACON. IllTalrr of Specie at the Minnesota Atfrlcnltaral College. Professor Shaw, head of the depart ment of animal husbandry at the Minne sota State Agricultural college, has in stituted a new series of experiments, says the St. Panl Pioneer Press. The farm has just purchased 120 lambs, and in a few days more Professor Shaw will be in the midst of feeding experiments deuigned to solve definitely the impor tant problem of what breeds possess the best qualifications for quick and eco nomical fattening. The experiments will cover four of the most popular sheep breeds in the northwest Cotswolda, .Merinos, Oxfords and mixed Sbrop shires and Southdowns. Some 35 or 40 of each class will be used in the experiments. They are all od hand now, with the exception of the Oxfords, and these are expected almost any day. The Iambs were purchased at the New Brighton yards and are from a large number brought in from the Mon tana ranges for finishing. Each lot is a representative collection of grade lambs, half bloods or better and selected with an eye to as perfect uniformity as possi ble between the four classes. The con ditions seem to be good for a fair test of the fattening qualities of different breeds. The system of feeding will be changed somewhat from former years, owing chiefly to the higher prices of grain. Barley was one of the leading con comitants in last winter's scheme of feeding, and it was found to work splendidly, but barley is out of the ques tion this year on account of the price, so Professor Shaw will replace it with corn. In place of corn ensilage and clover hay, corn fodder and sorghum will be mainly used for the roughage. Otherwise the system of feeding will practically follow that which has been found to give the best results for the money in previous years. Professor Shaw is enthusiastic over the possibili- " 'tar SHROPSHIRE RAM. ties of his winter's experiments, and confidently expects to get some results that will be of interest and value to the agricultural world. He had also determined to conduct some new experiments in the line of feeding steers of different breeds this winter, but has had to give up the idea, owing to his inability to get the ani mals wanted. Professor Shaw in the midst of all his other work will find time again this winter to extol and praise the merits of the bacon hog. To that end he has pur chased four fine specimens of Poland China hows and will use them as the base of his experiments. Tbey will be bred respectively to a Poland-China, Berkshire, Tarn worth and Improveii Yorkshire male, and it in expected that the first cross will give some of the re suits wanted. But the real valua of tht experiment will come out in the second and succeeding crosses. Professor Shaw expects to get through the Tamvorth and Yorkshire crosses better constitu tions, greater length of body, improved milking qualities, larger litters and a superior article of pork all through, and all this at a no larger expense per pound for production than in the case of the present popular lard hog, repre sented by the average individual of the Poland-China or Berkshire type. Demand For Horaea. Several years ago, when good brood mares were cheap, farmers were advised to pick np a few, breed them and take care of the foals. Subsequent events have proved that this advice was good. The man who has a strictly high class 8-year-old or 4-year-old is not looking In vain for a buyer. Good horses are getting ecarceL and little ponder. Thej nave been going to market at a rapid rate during the past three years. The past ten months at Ohioago alone 105, 000 head were handled, and the year's business at other points is the greatest on record. Many have gone out of the country, and more will go. This year is the first of the revival of breeding, and it will be at least five years before the foals of this breeding can go to market This means that for the next five years we must depend largely on our present supply of horses, and it is likely to be much reduced during that per iod.--.Na tional Stockman. HUM BUOUH O RS eIdOCTORS? Characters Who Are Going; Kant and Should Go Fatter. As of old, says J. M. Oochran in The National Stockman, there is still in al most every rural neighborhood an indi vidual who poses as a doctor of horses and other domestic animals, and also as of old the same sorrv ouack and hum bug is he. Bear in mind that I do not speak of the many men of ability, at tainment, common sense and skill who give their minds to what is really a great science, that of the veterinarian. Only the quack and humbug need take this to himself. He may be an alleged medicine man, livery stable or horse auction hanger on from town, a retired blacksmith, play ed out farmer or dilapidated auctioneer anyhow, he is a doctor of horses, and when his duties in the higher line will admit also of cows, hogs, sheep, dogs and cats, though dignity and the "code" require some of the profession, however, to draw the line on dogs and cats. He knows the symptoms of a few common diseases and remedies therefor, but as for the causes of diseases and the anato my and physiology of animals treated his ignorance is as great as his preten sions He is an advocate of the knife, the blister, the searing iron and the dreuchiug bottle for all ailments. Iu enlightened medical and surgical science the tendency is toward easing pain and combating diseases through the human system by gentle methods. The allopaths and homeopaths are for getting old quarrels and drawiug to gether, and the heavy dosing of one and absurdly insignifkaut dosing of the other are compromising on middle grounds of reason and common seui e. The tame reform is found in the treat ment of domestic animals. I knew au intelligent and prominent horseman who administered mild remedies in small doses to the mother for the bene fit of her sick little colt. Indeed the system of a 1,600 pound draft horse that has not chewed or smoked tobacco or dallied with the strong waters may respond readily to a dose of medicine that would have no effect on that of a puny man inured to the many abusive things of civilized life. But Dr. Quack's practice is purely heroic. When called in, he sizes up the situation, rolls up his sleeves and pro ceeds to business. Perhaps he draws oif a bucket of blood or gets ropes, throws the poor horse heavily to the ground, binds it and 6ears its quivering flesh with a hot iron or lacerates it with a knife. Or he may, without knowing what he is doing it for, introduce poi soned setons to produce hideous sores. Or he may anchor the animal's head to a high beam, pry the neck of a big bot tle between its jaws and force down its throat a quart of stuff strong enough to strangle and burn out tho ineides of 40 men. Thousands of good horses are disfigured, ruined or killed every year by such ignorant and outrageously cruel treatment. If horse owners do not choose to employ competent physicians and surgeons, they should read up in some approved lines of information and do their own doctoring. Smaller Brand. The brand, although an economic necessity and safeguard, is a menace to the selling value of the nurse. Ranch men have already abandoned the large, unsightly brands that covered a quarter or a side, and have substituted one about an inch to an inch and a half in diameter, used on the cheek, where it ia mainly covered by the cheek piece of the baiter or bridle, and in some cases only au identification mark is used be tween the front legs, where it cannot U abservftl. SHEEP SELF FEEDER. A Device Recommended by an Ex perienced Ohio Breeder. J. M. January, writing in The Breed er's Gazette, says: "I have used a self feeder for some years and have been highly pleased with it. I have grown from 100 to 140 winter Iambs eaoh year. My lambs commence to drop about the 1st of January. These can be marketed if fat when they weigh from 35 to 45 poinds. The earlier in the season these weights can be reached the more per pound the lamba will bring; hence I 'push them from the start to b y b SIMPU? pilKKP BKt.K KKKDKK. finish. I have made these weights with Iambs 40 to 50 days old. I use the self feeder for both ewes and lambs. As soon as a ewe has weaned she is placed in a portion of the barn where she has access to a feeder which contains two parts of bran to one of corn and cob meal, with a sprinkle of linseed meal. In another part ot the barn a self feed er, accessible only for lambs, is filled with a richer mix viz, two parts corn meal, one part bran, with a good sprin kle of linseed meal. When in the barn ewes and lambs have access to clover hay or shredded fodder. When weather is cold and dry, shook fodder is fed in the yard. Last winter I fed several tons of beets. This winter I shall try turnips instead. The illustration herewith gives end view of my self feeder for aged sheep. My feeder is 12 feet long and feeds 100 ewes. A A is feeding board, 1 by 18 inches ; BB is a 2 by 3 pieoe to brace bottom and nail frame to; OC, 1 by 2 elm for legs and frame, 3 feet 6 inches long; DD, end of siding boards nailed on franiq2l4i inches from feeding board. This gives 2 inches for feed to puss through. The box for holding feed may be any height or length de sired. For outdoor nse it should be roofed." New Hard- Evergreen Roeea. Among several illustrations of the new and valuable type of hardy ever green roses originated by W. A. Man da, Meehan's Monthly selects the one here reproduced, of the Gardenia, as best showing traces of the male parent, Perle des Jardins, and says: It is difficult to portray the individ uality of certain varieties of popular SEND US ONE DOLLAR 1 '" And tM ail and w will mhiiI you this THE OABDKMA KOSE. flowers, but in this case the softness of the petals shows the parentage from the Perle. With the glossy, evergreen foliage, abundant bloom and spreading growth, all characteristic of the seed parent, Rosa wicburalana, these roses ought to prove popular. Evergreen Gem is the result of a cross with Mme. Hoste. Jersey Beauty and Gardonflora are also of Perl. A.. L.re Haaeamae UimI 1nW (till UaL AJU wwiUHKiTlIIUStOrK, by freight U. O. D.,aubJtM)ttoeiamluatlon. You cenexaiiilne Itatyour rrelghlde pot and If found perfectly eatla. .,' i' ' J factory, exactly aa rireanted and eouai to Haaia ra that null at 11.00, vay the freight airentour aeaelal arlre, S7.B7, lta the II (JO Mcnt with onler.or $0.0 and freight charge. Theatove weighs M II. and the freight will be about TOc for t0 ml lex, greater or rawer (tlpianvva )n nrouonion. 3 OaraoMlel riiw "Ilk ' tint .'.f-V l.ai.si, wltk Head Urate, tl.it, ffvO'H" "..! Hrate, aj.HT. 'K'f Thl. IfMf MriTV la one of the. handmraieHt heater made, has 14. Inch fir pot, In .mounted with H-e-anire 'nmootli steel, heavy raat-lron tire twit, shaking and dump ing draw center (irate, larife ah nan. large feed door, anil pit doom swing on double hi hit, la basuilrally araa. scaled aa a'aeeretee with rococo trimming, highly no, lulled and heavily alrhel plated feat ralla, lanra altkal plaUeaaae plate, atrial plated lop rial, al.iet aisles IWy ara, alekel plated Mage plai aad keeae. large swing top cooking lid under awing top, check draft at collar and In feed door. w IHHl l A RlNUUfl 0IUS1HTBI with every stove and guarantee aafe delivery to yonr railroad atation. firier ta-aar aa .are 7.00 la $10.00. Write (or aar Free Nla.a latalmae. rfdr.., SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO,, "B (Stan, aWabaek Co. are taereockly nllula. -Miter.) J 3 1W 0 . 1 I BREEDERS' DIRECTORY GILTS FOR SALE. Have ft few Gilts, good Individuals, of Chief know and What's Wanted strains. (Jilts will be bred If desired. Write quick. If boKs are not aa repre sented may be returned. Pare lllood Fljmouth Rock KgR-ft for sale iiuofori. M F braDSHAW, Washington, Kai. DO YOU KEEP POULTRY? Then you should subscribe for THE POULTRY WEST. Rrlght, Instructive and entertaining. Tells bow to make your Nock profitable. Only 95 oeiut per year Hend for free sample oty. Address THE POULTRY WEST, Dept. Z.Topeki.Ku I Clwolart frae. I 1 1 A Hnd Oft. for I Illua. Catalni. HATC.1 c:3icxei;3 BY 8TIAM-itn , iiupia, par r ol, airrtguiaunf EXCELSIOR IHCJJMJOR Thooiaada In laooMinil duration Low.it prion) Itt-olaii haUbef mada. er.o. if. MTAiii.. 114 1 A.flthHt.Oulnev, 111. '!"' ("'1 1 a ,J 1 A a A Million Tssttalafs rJ. I tre not oonvlnolng aa the fjffi 30 DAYS TRIAL FI1IE A A weoffernn every Inrinbator we make. jiV. mra. M. . vnval, Old Uharob, VaH n v never Deiore saw nd CVY ni Tlnonbator, yet with! Nr'V'the llnnlam hatched j LA 60 thttkt Jtnm AO Ton oandoaswell. 4o. for No. 6H Catalogue. . ' IKCXETE INCUMTOI CO. "prtngflold, Okie. YOU IV A JIT FENCE WE WANT MONEY. Wowlll airhaiituutfnca(iiryoui niun.v. We Make an lloneat Fence at a reawinalitf prlca. W( SEll DIRECT TO FARMERS AT WHOlESALf FllCf. lliat aavrt yu tna ih-alrr profit wlilrh ainimJita lu a nlra Uiini od a bill of fmiciiiK. No I'"" aiula aaa't allp, nalwl.l or aarar. I. All criaa wln-a liiUrwix.n. frW.fql to iwk boltnai. Mir niaclal dlaroiint cirriilara hafiira yu buy. They are Free. ADVANCE I K.NtK CO., 1SOI Old Ht., I'eorla, III. S8to$l5ni to weave yonrowa fence ot Celled Hard fteel Bprlag W ire, 0 03 Inches bigb, at 29 Ctt. per Ri)d. 0 buys wTre for lOd rod fewrev AitrniM WstattCMlOatalaiae frse. iiAUTru Wlrf) Fnrei MeSl.Ce, ftnnnnnnnnn STEEL WEB- PiOKEt mum LAW1S AJC3 CER1ETES1ES. tonIUatM. piwtn and Kail. Cabled f ield and Ilea reje wither wlthent lewer cable barbed, tabled Poultry, Oa.nl.Mi and lial)l,t Feuce. DE KALB FENCE CO., 24 High St., DE KALB, ILL (7 ylR BUY8A REGULAR SIS 91 itU FEED CUTTER. SEWPUfl.OO a4 v. will arae joe III I. raea Cat- tor ey Iralskt, U U. D. , aahprl U -aailaillaa. lee eaa oiaailaaalt at yoar fralakt 4eaat,andlf found perfm;tly satlaractory laa ike enaleat value yea erar aa er kesra of, pay Ike lYalgal af rat tkabalaaee, $8.49 aa4 IWIckl ebariM. This Is Ihe Celebrated Salem CuHer for cuUlnir hay, straw or fodilori frame hMrf hhIiiIimhuJ tudvui well Unshed, 11 1 Im h eaaalae Kacar all'er steel kalfa, made with Improved ailjuHtnwnU to cut X, 1. 1H or t Inrhee, malleable hopimr, eura heavy balance wheel, jierfect adjustment, liichtnut runnlnir, lariteat rapacity and moat durable lW pound cutter ever made. Writ far free iarlealtaral lapleaHiat Calaloa-aa. iddma, r SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chicago, III. (ears, Reakaak Ce. art Ifcereeaaly rUable.(4lter.) Write for a sample copy of the Advoct And Nwf.