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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
2 JANUARY 4, THE NEEDS OF THE STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. PRESIDENT TH03. E. WILL, IN THE JANUARY INDUSTRIALIST. Kansas Is one of 43 American commonwealths. Among these she holds a proud place. She has nothing to be ashamed of. But Kansas Is still young. With the other 44 of these states she Is brought Into competition. Modern competition handles things without gloves. It strikes from the shoulder and gives no quar ter. Some of these competing states are old, and rich In experience. Not only so, but they are rich In population and In capital and are near the great mar kets of the world. To hold her own with these, Kansas must utilize her re sources. In these she Is not lacking. They are practically boundless and she may draw upon them as the depositor In a sound bank may draw upon his ac count. But to do this she must know how. People tilled at the soil for some thousands of years with crooked sticks and plows drawn by oxen; but only re cently have they learned to use steel plows, listers, dlak harrows, self-blnder3, horse hay rakes, threshers, and other farm tools and machines that have come to stay until superseded by better. And how now about these newer and better appliances, and the new skill and knowledge that will make them possi ble and use them advantageously? Do we Imagine that progress has reached its limit? Or do we believe instead that the world Is but beginning to learn how to work to advantage and to tap the inexhaustible reservoir we call the earth? Some of us believe profoundly that the later is the truth. We believe we might be emancipated In a measure from the drudgery that most of us endure through life, and that we shall be when we but learn better how to draw upon our bank, and how to utilize the resources thus obtained. The object of an agricultural ana mechanical college is to teach us how to do this, Kansas has such a college. We believe It Is the best of Its kind In the country, and dally growing better. It wants to grow a great deal better. Compared with what It might be and ought to be if It Is to serve Kansas as she deserves to be served, It Is but an infant The largest enrollment In Its history, that of 1897-'98, was 803. Among the thousands of Kansas boys and girls that number might disappear and hardly be missed in the census returns. Where Kansas Is teaching hundreds she should to-day be teaching thousands to produce efficiently and to mix, brains with their humus. But suppose these thousands should actually come to the Kansas State Agricul tural College! The Institution would be swamped. Its class rooms are now crowded. Ita laboratories and library are entirely Inadequate for the work it Is doing now.' Its professors are driven at the pace that kills, and are then able to to give to their students but a fraction of the time and personal attention neces sary to the best work. The salaries have been slashed and departmental appro priations clipped until department heads are well nigh in despair, the problem of making both ends meet and stretching the college Income over the entire year has been for years left unsolved, and is now being grappled with at the expenFe of the efficiency of the institution. The college management feel It their duty to take the people of Kansas into their confidence In these matters, and to ask them what should be done. We believe it possible to be penny wise and pound foolish, to save at the spigot and waste at the bunghole, to economize in eeed corn and let the crop rot in the field to save the expense of harvesting it. We do not be lieve the people of Kansas, when they understand the facts, endorse such econo mies; and we want them to understand the facts. Believing in the referendum, we now appeal to the people. " . FEDERAL VERSUS STATE AID. The bulk of the income of the Institution Is derived from the federal gov ernment. From this source the college received originally its half million dollar endowment, now yielding over $23,000 per annum. From the same source the college receives the Morrill fund appropriated by the act of August 30, 1890, and yielding now $24,000. From the federal government, furthermore, the experi ment Station, located the the college, receives 115,000 per annum. College and station together therefore now receive from the nation over $67,000 per annum. During the last twelve years appropriations made by the State have averaged about $18,000 per annum, or 5 cents for each farmer paying taxes on $1,000 and worth, therefore, about $3,000. Is It too much to ask that the State materially increase its appropriations? WHAT WE NEED. Note next some of the needs that should be met If the institution is to do Its best work for the people of Kansas. Buildings and Improvements: Dairy building. Dairy barn and improvements. Boiler house. Class rooms added to library building. Addition to chapel, or new chapel. College dormitory. Engineering laboratory. Chemistry and phys ics building. President's residence (burned April 6, 1895). Appliances and Equipments: Dairy school equipment cows and buildings. Steers for experimental feeding. Horticultural department additional equip ment Shop equipment replenished. Engines, boilers, dynamos, etc., to heat and light additional buildings. Sewing machines. Steel floors, stairways and racks in library, for upper alcoves. Library books and magazines. Graphics instruments. Microscopes for veterinary department. Teaching Force: Assistant veterinarian (on account of work assigned to col lege veterinarian by State live stock sanitary commission). Two additional pro fessors. Sewer: From college to Kansas or Blue river. Figures for the above can be furnished. WHAT WE ASK. We are exhorted in the scriptures to "ask largely." We confess, however, that our faith fails us in this case, for we fear that were we to ask for all the Insti tution needs some might think we were Interpreting scripture too literally. That, however, depends upon the point of view. Whether a burden is hard to carry depends not simply upon Its weight but upon how we attempt to carry It Were the burden of taxation better adjusted all the above needs might be met with lit tle inconvenience to the taxpayer. In preparing our schedule, however, we assume that the tax laws will stand as now. Hence instead of asking for all the Institution really needs, In order to do Its best work for th. producers of Kansas and enable them to hold their own In competition with other States, we have agreed to scale down our list of wants to the following modest proportions. We ask three things: 1. We ask that Kansas do for Its Agricultural College what many States have done for their higher educational Institutions. We ask for a "mill tax." Such a mode of supporting educational institutions is eminently fair and reasonable. As the State grows the Institution grows; if the State booms, both boom, and If the State suffers from depression the Institution Is in a position to sympathize with it With a certain revenue the speculative element is removed from col lege financing; the management knows what It may expect and can cut Its coat according to Its cloth. Visiting the Institution frequently, Inspecting Its build ings, Its appliances and Its work, and conversing freely with Its professors, stu dents, and employees. It is evident that the board of regents can better deter mine how to distribute a given sum among the different departments of an In stitution than can a legislative body meeting biennially and remote from the In stitution. We ask for one-sixth of 1 mill on the assessed valuation of the prop erty of the State; this would now yield about $53,000 per annum. 2. Kansas Is wofully behind other progressive States as regards instruction in dairying. The college needs a dairy building. It wants it. It is in earnest. It has proved Its earnestness by establishing a small dairy school without the aid of an appropriation. Now it asks for an adequate appropriation to erect and equip a respectable dairy building. If Kansas believes the day of small things in dairy instruction Is past the college will guarantee to give it its money's worth In re turn for a dairy appropriation of $10,000. 3. We ask that the relation of the State to the college endowment fund be placed on a business basis. Thl3 fund amounts to about a half million dollars. The State, in accepting this from the federal government, obligated Itself to main tain the fund intact and to guarantee from it to the college an income of 5 pei cent. Yet the State leaves the investment of this fund to the college loan com' mlssloner elected by the board of regent3 of the college. The school fund, how ever, for which the State Is not thusjesponsible to the federal government, the State itself invests. While Investing the one why should it not Invest the other, save the expense of appropriating for the care of funds and save the risk It now runs? We ask the State to take direct charge of the college endowment as of the school fund and to give the college, in lieu thereof, an annuity of $30,000. Under the college management the endowment is now yielding annually something over $28,000. . . Our requests, then, In a nutshell, are: (1) A mill tax worth now about $53,000 per annum; (2) a dairy building with equipment and a dairy herd, the whole costing $40,000; and (3) a $30,000 annuity In exchange for our half million dol lar endowment. We believe the Interests of agriculture in an agricultural State such as Kansas, and the needs of the mechanic arts, coequal in Importance with agriculture in the enabling act, demand so much for the proper enlarge ment of the Agricultural and Mechanical College. We invite inspection of the institution, its methods, its work and the use made of funds already entrusted to Its management, with the confident belief that such inspection will convince the Judicious mind that the expenditures requested will prove an Investment yield ing dividends substantial from the outset and growing with the lapse of years. LEGISLATIVE NOTES. Many New Bltle Are Being Introduced and Ear neat Work la Being Done. Representative Cassln presented bills in the Interest of the miners of the same character as those Introduced in the Senate by Ryan. Two official county papers would be provided if a bill by Representative Marks passes. It also fixes rates and changes the manner of letting contracts. Senator Sheldon was excused on ac count of sickness early last week. He la one of the oldest members and does not enjoy the best health. Just as soon as the railroad bill passed the caucus began taking up other mea sures with a view to get through all pos sible good legislation berore adjourn ment. Smith of Sherman has Introduced a bill in the House requiring the Gov ernor to sign death warrants when per sona have been convicted of murder in the. first degree. Senator Helm has a bill which pro hibits the garnishment of the wages of any married man. It is a protective measure which will benefit many unfor tunate men. Two of Senator Titus bills reduces telegraph and express rates materially. The telegraph rate for ten words from any part of the State to any other point in it Is fixed at 15 cents. If Representative Merrill's bill can be come a law it will place telephones within the reach of almost everybody whether in city or country. Any profits which might be derived would go to the municipality. Representative Harbaugh has three bills. One reduces railroad passenger rates, another authorizes insurance against hall and the third requires town ship treasurers to make annual settle ments with township boards. Representative Dingus, who Is a teacher himself, likes the uniform text book law so well that he wants its op eration extended to high schools and also to have it include certain common school text3 which were omitted in the original law. Attorney Hurd of the Santa Fe asked the Senate railroad committee for a hearing on the caucus railroad bill. The action of the Legislature tends to show that the Pratt Union knew what It was talking about when It said that the Populists know what they are In To peka for. Representative Crosby of Cheyenne will be in the House at the regular ses sion. His county 'is pretty close polit ically but by good management the vote got out this year and the fusion ticket with the exception of County Attorney was elected. Crosby's majority Is larger than It was two years ago. Senator Ryan has presented bills In the Senate changing the management of the penitentiary coal mines and provid ing for a society of miners with power to choose the mine inspector as the Sec retary of State Board of Agriculture is now chosen. The same bills were intro duced In the House by Cassln. Senator Cooke will Introduce a joint resolution providing for the submission to the people of the following consti tutional amendment: "All public print ing shall be done by a State printer who shall be elected by the electors of the State at each general election for the election of State officers and who shall hold his office for two years and until his successor shall be elected and qualified and who shall have a, salary for his ser vices, to be fixed by the Legislature, and all public printing shall be done at the capital of the State at a printing plant to be owned and operated by the State; said plant to be provided and as far as nec essary, maintained by appropriations made by the Legislature." He thinks that this will save much money to the State and Secretary of State Bush does also as he Indorses the plan In his bi ennial report. Breldenthal's banking bill was intro duced in the Senate by Farrelly and In the House by Paul Russell. Its purpose Is to secure depositors against loss by bank failures by creating a guaranty fund by assessing all banks on their capital stock. Mr. Breidenthal has given the preparation of the measure great care and thinks he has asplendld mea sure. It Is being vigorously opposed by the national bankers. Senator John Armstrong is not Intro ducing many bills as he Relieves that none but a few very Important measures will pass at this session. Much of his spare time Is spent perfecting his prison and reformatory bill. He will devote con siderable time at the regular session to an effort to get It through. It is admitted by all who have given his plan any con siderable study that it will greatly Im prove the condition of the inmates of these Institutions. The first special session of the Kansas Legislature was called in 1874 by Gov ernor Osborne to provide relief for west ern Kansas farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers. The second was In 1884. It was called by Governor Gllck and the purpose was to prevent the spread of the "foot and mouth" dis ease among stock. . The third was in 1886 to re-apportlon the State by Con gressional districts. U was called by Governor Martin and continued over a month. The first special only lasted six days and the second seven days. The present one can only run twenty days, including Sundays, as the members' terms expire January 10. Most of the members spent Christmas In Topeka although many managed to get home. Senator Cooke was unable to get away but he enjoyed himself very well as he accepted an invitation to visit with Topeka relatives whom he had not seen for twenty-five years. Senator Armstrong started to go home but he encountered bad train service and had to stop at Hutchinson, where he spent a considerable portion of the day visit ing with his aged father and mother. As a presiding officer in an emergency, Clem Fairchlld 13 certainly a success. Long before the session began Its was apparent that the fight would be In the House, that the tactics of the Republi cans and corporations would be to fili buster and that prompt action on the railroad bill could be secured only bj the exercise of the most vigorous meth ods. That vexatious and useless delays werejrevented was due to the perfect or ganization of the fusion members and to the strength and ability of Fairchlld as a chairman. He had not been In the chair three minutes until the Republicans and their corporation bosses realized that he was master of the situation and that he had a clear majority of the House be hind him. They also realized that he was ready and willing to carry out the instructions of the majority to permit no dilatory tactics to be resorted to, and push business. He did his work remark ably well and deserves great credit for It TO CURE A COLO IX ONE DAT Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money If It fall to cure. 25c The genuine hc Lv B. Q. oa each tablet