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Eleventh Year, No. 6. OFFICIAL STATU FA PIS IS. 91 YEAH. TOPEKA, KANSAS, FEBRUARY 8, 1.899. c KVKKY WEI1NKSDAT. I'KICK FIVE CUN1S. Now They Are "The Enemy." War Begins Between the United States and the Insurgents in the Philippine Islands; No Kansans Hurt. COME TOGETHER AT MANILA. Manila, Feb. 6. The Filippinos at tacked the American line from Calvoacan to Santa Mesa Saturday evening. There was heavy fusillade on both sides, and the artillery was used. The United States cruiser Charleston and the gunboat Concoard bombarded the enemy. The Americans, after magnificent charges, captured several of the enemy's positions. The Americans lost 20 killed and 125 wounded,-The Filipinos lost heavily. The clash came at 8:30 In the evening, when three daring Filipinos darted past the Nebraska regiment's pickets at Santa Mesa, but retired when challenged. They repeated the experiment without drawing the sentries' fire, but the third time Corporal Greely challenged the Fill pinos and then fired, killing one of them and wounding another. Almost immediately afterward the Filipino line, from Calvoacan to Santa Mesa, commenced a fusillade which was ineffectual. The Nebraska, Montana and North Da kota outposts replied vigorously, and held their ground until reinforcements ar rived. The Filipinos, in the meantime, con centrated, at three points, Calvoacan, Ga galangin and Santa Mesa. At about 1 o'clock the Filipinos opened a hot fire from all places simultaneously. This was supplemented by the fire of two siege guns at Ralik-Ballk and by ad vancing their skirmishers from Paco and Pandacan. The Americans responded with a ter rific flre.y but, owing to the darkness, they were unable to determine its effect. The Utah light artillery finally suc Beeded in silencing the native battery. The Third artillery also did good work on the extreme left. The United States cruiser Charleston and the gunboat Concord, stationed off Malabona, opened fire from their second ary batteries on the Filipinos' position at Calvoacan and kept it up vigorously. At 2:45 there was another fusillade along the entire line, and the United States sea-going, double-turreted. moni tor Monadnock opened fire on the enemy from off Malate. With daylight the Americans advanced. The California and Washington regi ments made a splendid charge and drove the Filipinos from the villages of Paco and Santa Mesa. The Nebraska regiment also distin guished Itself, capturing several prisoners and one Howitzer and a very strong po sition at the reservoir, which 13 connected with the water works. The Kansas and Dakota regiments compelled the enemy's right flank to re tire to Calvoacan. There was intermittent firing at vari ous points all day long. The losses of the Filipinos cannot be estimated at present, but they are known to be considerable. The American losses are estimated at 20 men killed and 123 wounded. The Ygorates, armed with bows and ar rows, made a very determined stand in The Special Session Sustained in Court on Every Point. ' In the Shawnee district court, Judge Ilazen decided the mandamus case yes terday morning In which the legality of the special session of the legislature called by Governor Leedy was in Issue. Judge Ilazen read a very exhaustive opin ion, which for research and legal learn ing has never been excelled by any district court. Many of the questions presented were new and novel, but Judge Hazen decided them all in favor of the legality of the special session. He held that the governor was the sole Judge as to the necessity of calling an extra ses sion, and that his determination was not open to review by the courts. He held that the governor dealt only with the existing legislature, which had been or ganized, and not with the new members elected in 1898. He also held that the term of the members of the legislature began on the second Tuesday of Janu ary following their election and not on election day and that Governor Leedy could only call the members elected In 1896 together In special session and not the new members elected in 1898. Judge Ilazen cited many authorities by State supreme courts and the Supreme Court of the United States In support of his decision, and ordered that a peremp tory writ be issued requiring the payment of the bills for the extra session. A large audience of lawyers and other Interested persons was present and listened atten tively to the reading of the opinion, and the general expression was that the de cision was sound in law and right in principle. The same questions will probably be submitted in the supreme court sometime this week, and It Is the prophecy of prominent Topeka lawyers, regardless of party, that the special session will be again upheld. the face of a hot artillery fire, and left many dead on the field. Several attempts were made in this city to assassinate American officers. Washington, Feb. 6. Admiral Dewey cabled the Naval department that hos tilities had begun between the American army and naval forces in and about Manila and the Philippine insurgents. The insurgents, ne said, had been the ag gressors and had been repulsed. The following message was received this morning: To the Secretary of the Navy, Washing ton: Insurgents here inaugurated general engagement yesterday night which has continued today. The American army and navy is generally successful. In surgents have been driven back and our line advanced. No casualties to navy. DEWEY. To General Greely, Chief Signal Officer: Action continues since early morning; losses quite heavy; everything favorable to our arms. THOMPSON. Colonel Thompson is the chief signal officer on the staff of General Otis. The following dispatch from General Otis has been made public: Insurgents in large forces opened at tack on our outer lines at 8:45 p. m. last evening. Renewed attack several times during the night. At 4 o'clock this morning entire line engaged. All attacks repulsed. At daybreak advanced against insurgents and have driven them beyond the lines they formerly occupied, cap turing several villages and their defense works; insurgent loss dead and wounded large; our casualties thus far estimated at 175, very few fatal. Troops enthu siastic and acting fearlessly. Navy did splendid execution on flanks of enemy; city held In check and absolute quiet pre vails; Insurgents have secured good many Mauser rifles, a few field pieces and quick-firing guns, with ammunition, during the last month. OTIS. New York, Feb. 6. The . Evening World today prints the . following dis patch: Manila. Feb. 6. To the -World, New York: We control situation.. Engage ment which continued for twenty-four hours ending last evening was satisfac tory. (Signed.) OTIS. AMERICAN KIIXKI AND VVOI NDKD. London, Feb. 6. The following is a list of the killed and wounded In Satur day's action at Manila: KUiAd. First Idaho Infantry: MA J. EDWARD McCONVILLE. CORPORAL. FRANK CALDWELL, Company B. First Nebraska infantry: PRIVATE DAVIS LAGGER, Com pany I. PRIVATE LOUIS BIGLER, Com pany I. PRIVATE CHARLES 0. BALLINGER, Company L. First California infantry: PRIVATE J. J. DEWAR, Company K. First Colorado Infantry: PRIVATE ELMER V. DEAN. First Wyoming infantry: SERGT. GEORGE ROGERS, shot by sharpshooter while sitting at his window. Fourteenth U, S. infantry: Four men not yet Identified. Sixth artillery: PRIVATE NAT GOODMAN. First Tennessee infantry: COL. WM. C. SMITH, died of apoplexy during the firing. 8rioiily Woonll. Following are the Americans seriously wounded and taken to the hospital: Third artillery: Lieut. Robert S. Abernathy. First California infantry: Lieut. Charles Hogan. Sergt. Wm. Hall. Private A. F. Sheren, Company G. Private Joseph Maher, Company M. First Colorado infantry: Lieut Charles S. Haughawout, Com pany F. First Idaho Infantry: Private James C. Henson, Company A. Private Ernest Scott, Company B. Private George Hall, Company B. First Nebraska infantry: Musician John Price. Private Charles Kalsey, Company A. Sergt. O. T. Curtis, Company C. First Washington infantry: Lieut. Edward K. Erwin, Company A. Private John Klein, Company A. Private Wm. E. Rult, Company A. nivaie n. n.. mirviaiu, company a. i Private Oscar Howard, Company A. I Irrigation on an Immense Scale. Great Britain at Work to Change Egyp tian Deserts to Fruitful Land a Raising Two or Three Crops a Year. IS inPORTANT TO AMERICANS. Frederick Courtland Penfleld, formerly United States diplomatic agent and con 8Ul general In Egypt, contributes to the sul general in Egypt, contributes t othe February number of the Century, Maga zine an article which contains informa tion of very great interest to American farmers. It relates to the plans of Great Britain for harnessing the Nile river and other irrigation on an Immense scale, bringing a vast expanse of Egyptian ter ritory under cultivation. There is a say ing that "Egypt is the Nile, and the Nile is Egypt." Tho English are taking this up and advancing the policy of territorial expansion from the lands of tho soldier and explorer to the work of practical pro duction. Mr. Penfleld's article shows how engin eering skill Is planning to change the heart of an African desert Into a lake having nearly three times the superficial area of Lake Geneva In Switzerland, making a body of water 140 miles long by building a great dam across the Nile. The water of this great lake will be con trolled by will and sent through canals to irrigate many thousands of acres which are now barren. The plan Is to have the dam built by July 1, 1893. It is is to be over a mile In length in places, nearly eighty feet high and between thirty and forty feet in width, forming behind It a reservoir holding 250,000,000, 000 gallons of water. It is to be built of granite ashler. The contractors will re ceive, for this great work in money $800,000 a year for thirty years. Cane culture is the agricultural indus try which will receive the greatest benefit from the project. The cane which has been produced along the Nile Is of excep tional .quality. European capital will see that this Industry Is properly advanced, and Mr. Fenfield notes that since war has destroyed Cuba's cane Industry for a number of years, an effort will doubtless be made In Egypt to treble the output of raw sugar there. He says that this dam ming of the Nile will Increase the pro ductive capacity of Egypt by twenty-live per cent, bringing two and three crops a year from land already under cultivation. In addition to redeeming the great amount of desert soil. After the completion of this great en terprise, Mr. Penfleld states that a series of reservoirs will be constructed south ward on the Nile to the Victoria Nyanza. The engineers have estimated carefully the exact cost of the dam and is com puted at exactly the amount of water to be held back and extent of the territory which irrigation will cover. The work will be constructed having In view the extension of the plant to other territory. The people of the west, to whom irriga tion Is an important matter, will follow the damming of the Nile with great In terest, and to them the perusal and pres ervation of Mr. Penfleld's article in the Century will be of value. They will be interested, not only from the value of the work itself in relation to irrigation, but (Continued on page 9.) '