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THE ADVOCATE AND NEW8.
0 FEBRUARY , t TRANSFER OP TITLCS. 0 Tlifl Torrerw System of I-and RrgU- jjjj 9 tratlon. 4 In most of the States the old-fiah-loned way of transferring titles to real estate la etill in use, which la by deed accompanied by on abstract of the title showing a statement of all the convey ances and incumbrances affecting the title from the government down to the last conveyance. As the country gets older and the transfers more numerous thU system becomes burdensome and expensive and to avoid this other sys tems have been devised. The Torrens system, which provides for the regis tration of titles and a certificate of title, Is In use in Illinois and Massachusetts, and has been used in some countries of the Old World for over a hundred years, and has given such satisfaction that wherever It ha3 been tried It has been continued Infuse. The Rural-New Yorker gives the following information regard ing that system : "An Outline of the Torrens System. The essential features of the Torrens system are that the recorders of deeds are made registrars, and In addition to their usual duties as recorders, ehall conduct the registration of titles, and all dealings with registered lands. They are assisted by deputies and such ex aminers of title (who must be compe tent attorneys at law) as may be neces sary. The system does not necessitate the creation of any new offices or offi cials, will require less help, and all the machinery necessary to transfer land by registration of title is already to be found In the ordinary recorder's office. "Any owner may register his land. The owner files with the registrar his appli cation in writing for the registration of his title, together with hi3 abstract of title. These are passed upon by the examiners, and if, in their opinion, the title is in the applicant, the land 13 reg istered by its entry in the registry book of the registrar. Such entry is a certifi cate signed by the registrar, certifying the title of the land to be in the appli cant. This Is called the certificate of title, and Is made in duplicate. One is kept by the registrar and bound to the register; the other Is delivered to the owner. During the first live years the land is first registered, the certificate of title is prima facie proof receivable in all courts that the person named therein is the owner of the land. After the ex piration of five years (or any other pe riod agreed upon) from the first registra tion, no suit attacking the title of the registered owner can be brought, and the certificate of title Is conclusive proof, in all courts, of the ownership of Its holder. Provision, however, is made for the pro tection of the rights of all adverse own ers whose right of action may not have accrued at the time of registration, and proper additional time is given in which to bring such actions. All constitutional rights of any owner or claimant adverse to the registered owner are fully pro tected. 'Certificates of title as to all adverse rights outstanding at the time of first registration are absolute and Indefeas ible, subject only to the foregoing limi tation period. As to all rights adverse to the title of the registered owner ac cruing subsequent to the first registra tion, all certificates of title, except as against a fraudulent holder, are abso lute and indefeasible. If any such right be established, it Is enforclble, , not against the registered land held by one free from fraud, but only against the one fraudulently defeating such right, or against the registrar upon his bond for negligence in Improper registration. It Is essential to this method of registra tion that the act of the registrar In deal ing with a registered title be held abso lute; and a transfer of or dealing with a title by him must be taken by all to le as unimpeachable and conclusive as , though his act was the final decree of a court of last resort. Indefeaslbllity of title, as against adverse interests out standing at the time of the first regis tration, and upon which cause of action has accrued, is not secured until after the expiration of the term of five years allowed for the establishment of such Interests. No valid objection can be urged against the length of the limita tion; present statutes of limitation are more stringent, cutting off rights of property without compensation. The striking advantage of the limitations in this system is that the statute begins to run upon the entry of the land upon the register, which Is a matter of public record. How Transfers are Made. Transfers of registered land are made in the fol lowing manner: The owner executes the usual deed (quit claim, special or general warranty), and wibmlta It, together with hl certificate of title, to the buyer. In every transaction, the owner must pro duce hla certificate of title. If lost or destroyed, a duplicate may bo secured. No new forms of conveyance are re quired. The buyer, after inspection of the proper folium of title In the register, and finding thereon no incumbrance or lien, safely pays over the purchase money, and receives the deed and cer tificate of title. He then delivers them both to the reglstra, who notes the trans fer upon the register. This act operates to transfer the title. No title passes by the delivery of the deed. The deed, after delivery and before the registration of the transfer, Is a mere contract between the parties. Its sole object is to au thorize the registrar to register the transfer. When the transfer Is regis tered, the registrar cancels the old cer tificate of title, and Issues a new one In duplicate as before, one called the orig inal, being retained In the register, and the other called the duplicate, delivered to the buyer, now the new owner. The deed is kept by the registrar. nissourl and Kansas Shorthorn Breed ers' Association. The annual meeting of the Missouri and Kansas Short Horn breeders asso ciation will be held at the Midland Hotel Huh room at Kansas C tv Wednesday and Thursday of next week, beginning at 2 p. m. Wednesday. John McCoy, president of the Kansas City Live Stock exchange will welcome tor Prlca In the Bale Ring?" Col. Ja. W. Sparka, Marshall, Mo. "Heredity," 0. 0. Wolf, Ottawa, Kan. "Should the Use of Grade Bulls be En couraged?" N. H. Gentry, Bedalla, Mo. "Texas Fever," Albert Dean, U. S. Bu reau of Animal Industry, Kansas City, Mo. "What I Saw of Short Horns la Great Britain in 1898," S. C. Hanna, Howard, Kan. All subjects or papers will be taken up and discussed. The following special questions for dis cussion have been arranged: 1. Shipping rates In less than car lots. 2. Should Contagious Diseases and their Extermination be solely under the direction of a State Veterinarian or a Special Board of Experts? 3. Is it advisable to hold a Public Ex hibition and Combination Sale of Short Horns at some convenient place this fall? 4. If twenty dollars expended In ex tra care and ration of the Calf during Its first twelve months will add to Its value, will it recompense the Short Horn Breeder to do bo? 5. How best proceed, Individually and collectively, to bring the one-was reputation of the Short Horn up to that standard that we believe he is entitled to in the estimation of the general beef breeding public. W. P. Brush. Station A, Kansas City, Mo., Is secretary of the association. "You ay you gave me no encourage ment," he said bitterly, after she had REAR ADMIRAL GEORGE DEWEY. Oa Chrietxaas day, Deoember 25, 1898, George Dewey, the hero of Manila, was elevated to the senior rear admiralty of the American navy, Rear Admiral Bitnce re tiring. Rear Admiral Dewey is at present in command of the American naval forces In Aiiatio waters, with headquarters at Manila. the members. His adddress will be re sponded to by Ex-Governor Gllck. The following program has been arranged: 'What the Short Horns Accomplished During 1898," J. H. Plckerell, Secretary American Short Horn Herd Book asso ciation, Springfield, 111. "The Future of the Bates Short Horn," Geo. W. Gllck, Atchison, Kan. "The Scotch Short Horn, and the Good He Has Done for the Breed," H. C. Dun can. Osborn, Mo. "The Booth Short Horn, and His Value on Other Families," W. P. Harned, Bunceton, Ma "My Experience With Short Horn Cat tle," Col. W. A. Harris, Llnwood, Kan. "Should the Color of the Short Horn Add to or Detract From His Value," C. E. Leonard, Bell Air, Mo. "What is the Future Outlook of the Short Horn Breeder?" B. 0. Cowan, New Point, Mo. "What Have the Short Horns Won in the Past in Competition With Other Breeds?" Geo. P. Bellows, Maryville, Mix "Care and Management of the Breed ing Herd," John McDairmaid, Kansas City. Ma "Fitting for the Show Ring, Feed and Management," A. A. Wallace, Bunceton, Mo. "First Twelve Months of the Calf's. Life," John McCoy, Sabetha, Kan. "Private and Public Sales Compared Which is the Better for the Breeder?" Col. S. A. Sawyer, Manhattan, Kan. "My Impressions Among the Short Horn Herds in North England and Scot land Last Year," George Bothwell, Net- tleton, Ma "How Bwt Fit Cattle to Get th Bet- told him she would be a sister to him, "and yet you surely kissed me when I gave you that gold-buckled belt." At this she laughed merrily. "And have you not yet learned to dlstlnglish between official encouragement and a vote of thanks?" she asked. And then he went out into the cold world and declared that he never did think much of those par liamentary girls. Chicago Evening Post. Calcium Carbide in New York. Superintendent Murray of the bureau of combustibles, has made regulations governing the transportation, storage and sale of calcium carbide, which the firemen declare to be a source of danger in a burning building, because When water reaches It acetylene gas is given off.- A number of stores keep it for use In bicycle lamps. Hereafter, in transit or on storage, it must be inclosed In her metically sealed Iron receptacles marked "Dangerous of not kept dry." No pack age may contain more than 100 pounds. It must be stored in Isolated buildings that are fireproof and water-proof. No artificial light or heat will be permitted in the building where It is stored. Not more than 20 pounds, in bulk or in cart ridges, may be kept in any store or fac tory, and this must be In a fireproof safe or vault above the street grade and it must be kept six inches above the floor. The manufacture, transportation, stor age, sale or use of liquefied acetylene la absolutely prohibited within the limits of this city. N. Y. Sun. Weak Tired. Thousands are In this condition. They are doopondent and gloomy, cannot Bleep, have no appetite, no energy, no ambition. Hood's Sarsaparilla soon brings help to such people. It gives them pure, rich blood, cures nervousness, creates an appetite, tones and strengthens the stomach and imparts new life and in creased vigor to all t he organs of t he body. 300d SpariMa 1$ the One True Blood Furifler. All druggists, ft K00d'8 Pills cure all Liver Ills. 26 cents, Living One Hundred Years. Most people would like to live one hundred years if they could have fairly good health and retain their mental fac ulties. Sir James Sawyer, in a recent lecture, gave the following rules as to what must be done In order to live one hundred years: 1. Sleep eight hours a day. 2. Sleep on the right side. 3. Open the windows of one's bedroom at night. 4. Put a screen In front of the door. 5. Place one's bed away from the wall. 6. Take a bath the temperature of the oody every morning, not a cold douche. 7. Take exercise before breakfast 8. Eat little meat and make sure it is thoroughly cooked. 9. (For adults.) Do not drink milk. 10. Eat much grain in order to nour ish the cells which destroy the germs of disease. 11. Avoid intoxicants, which destroy these cells. 12. Take dally exercise In the open air. 13. Keep no animals In living rooms. They may have the germs of disease. 14. Live as much as possible in the country. 15. Drink water, avoid humidity and the neighborhood of sewage pipes. 16. Vary one's occupations. 17. Take from time to time a short hol iday. 18. Limit one's ambitions. 19. Restrain one's natural character, vaese prescriptions are easy to follow. e do not guarantee their absolute effi cacy, but there is no danger in trying them. And then, who knows? Tn CUBE A COLD IN ONE DAY Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money ir it rails to cure. 25c. Tbe genuine nas i a. y. on each tablet PERSONALLY CONDUCTED TOURIST EXCURSIONS TO CALIFORNIA 1 1 V' ', 1 1. I I i.l Illilii L'M.i,')fy yjii.iu.m-U eave Chicago every Thursday via Colorado 8prlngs and Scenic Route to Han Francisco and Loo Angeles. Southern Route leavoa Chicago every Tuesday via Kansas tlty, t ort worth and Kl 1'aso to Los Angeles. These Bxourslon Cars are attached to Fast Passenger i rains, ana tneir popularity is evidence that we Offer the bant. Accompany these Excursions and save money, for iub lowest rate ticcets are avaiiitDie in tnese POPULAR PULLMAN TOURIST CARS For full description of this service and the benefits given Its patrons, see your local ticket agent, or ad dress John Sebastian, q. p. a., Chicago, III. j Removes all Corns, Bunion and Warts, ' XA without pain, speedily and permanently j ffj M AH Druggists sell Abbott's - , iUST Lima Ooa Paot. V,'N VZa-k uppnan bros. tymii