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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
181)9. 7 WHY BREED SCRUB HOGS? 4n Expert Conmlders It at PrlTtlece to Ralie Snrlne. The feed and treatment of eowa, writes A. N. Springer in Land and A Living, have much to do with tbe ex tent of their profitable period. At no time should they have an all corn ration, but it Ghonld be supplemented by milk, bran, slop, grass, eta. Corn is tbe worst feed to give a sow that is, for a main artiole of food but often it is tbe only thing they get. A sow fed through the winter on corn alone, or with mayhap a bucket of slop occasionally, is not in fit condition for farrowing healthily. Her system in apt to be feverish and the un natural craving will very likely lead to her devouring her pigs. The pigs, too, are very apt to be a sorry looking lot, and if they Jive will never eive tbe .'in'-." v ' 'A n i J.. I I i , i . " 4 m s MODEL POLAND-CHINA. owner much pleasure, pride or profit. The remedy is to feed plenty of nitrog enous foods. A rye patch makes excel lent green pasture for bogs in winter. Lacking this and other grass or root crops, then feed plenty of bran and shorts in slop. A liberal variety is the . key to Buoceus. Sbotes, too, up to within a month or two of selling tim s should have a good variety of feed. The last two months tbe corn should predominate. But it will always pay to give a little variety by .way of condiment. The best time to sell hogs is when they are fat, regardless of prices. Some are even now selling half fatted stuff. Ask them why and they say. "The corn is worth more than the hogs." To sell a half fatted hog is not business unless ' there 1b a weightier reason than that of prioe to be considered. Good shelter for all hogs at this time of year is an imperative necessity. A bunch of hogs sleeping in the farm cor ner and squealing as only a cold pig can squeal does not make pleasant musio to one who likes to feel that his stock is warm and well fed. Especially are dry, warm quarters desirable for a fow and pigs. A cold pig is a dissatisfied pig, and a dissatisfied pig will not eat as it should. A thoroughbred or a good grade of hogs should always be kept. The thor oughbreds are the most profitable, and they are so low that it looks like a piece of foolishness ' to do without them. If you are skeptical, get a thoroughbred male and cross on your "elm peelers" and see if yon do not have tbe best bunch of pigs you ever owned. A littla better than scrub care must be awarded them. Our motto should be "the best," for indeed tbe beet is none too good for one who lives np to bis privileges as a swine breeder. Mind, I eay "lives up to his privileges," for it is a privilege to raise hogs as fine as tbe finest and as good as the best 1 There are four great breeds of swine, with somo others of lesser fame, but perhaps just as good in their sphere. The. Polaud-Chinas by mere force of numbers, if for no other reason, come first, with perhaps the Eerksbires hold ing Eecond place. The third in the list of honor is the far famed Chester White. And last, but not least (at least in size), are tbe Duroo-Jerseys. With such a list of notables to choose from, why breed scrubs? Sheep In th South. A writer in The American Sheep Breeder says southern farmers are spend ing millions of dollars for fertilizer every year. A bulletin published by tba . United States agricultural department recently shows that a large proportion of these fertilizers gives no profit and in many cases tbe money is not recov ered, but is a total loss. But there never was an instance yet known of any loss or indeed of the absence of a good profit to any southern farmer in tbe keeping of a flock of sheep on his idle lands turned out as old friends to wash and become gullied and wasted while lying J!iJBd burning adi tht son. xaie land la always wasting, just as tbe idle time of a man is a waste and a loss. It is gaining nothing by the exposure to the sun and weather, and what little of it is covered with weedy growth gets no benefit. Tbe common praotico, too, of burning tbe sedge grass on it is still more destructive, for it consumes the little vegetable matter tbat may have been collected in the previous year, and leaves the bare, scorched ground poorer than it wan when cultivation was abandoned some years before. Haagre Feeding. The tendency of ranchmen to feed their own lambs and wethers at home on the produoe of irrigated farms sheds a new light on the feeding situation. So fitrong, indeed, is the present tend ency in this direction that withiu two or three years tbe bulk of tbe male lamb crop will be fed wbere raised, and eastern feeders will be compelled to look elsewhere for tbe millions of lambs tbey are accustomed to feed annually east of the Missouri river. As there is no elsewhere from which to obtain these lambs in large supply, there is but one solution of this most serious problem, and that is for the feeders and their farmer neighbors to raiso tbe lambs themselves. American Sheep Breeder. A MILKER ILLUSTRATED. Points For Jadclng- or Selecting; the Dairy Cow. Hoard's Dairyman publishes an out line of a dairy cow with speolal refer ence to characteristic points, and says: "We call particular attention to the location and appearance of tbe pelvio arch and the flank. It is seldom that the former is ever referred to, except in this paper, and yet it is one of the most common, as it is a pronounced pecul iarity of the best dairy cows. We may not bo able to explain fully why this is so, but it is evident that a rise at this point is a suggestion of an adaptation to the functions and processes of mater nity. Nature builds on economio and DIAGRAM OF A DAIRY COW. harmonious laws, all things . working together for the accomplishment of the end with the least expenditure of energy. "We also insist upon a high arching flank, for reasons which seem too evi dent to call for particular discussion here, but we observe that a deep flank is often mentioned as a characteristic of the dairy cow. We incline to the belief that this seeming contradiction results from a different application and use of the word "Sank." . Undoubtedly the dictionary definition of this word is broad enough to include the rear half of the belly, but in the dairy form it is as essential that tbe flank, where it joins the thigh, should be high aDd arching, as that it should be deep at the median line. It seems better, therefore, to limit the application of the term to the parts above the udder and for the forward part use the more comprehen sive word, which includes the lower part of the entire barrel." The Doar In the Dairy. If yon find a man who uuderstands tbe question of motherhood, the laws that govern in milk giving, who studies how to produce tbe best cow possible, and then how to get tbe greatest profit ont of- her, yon will see that be never dogs or hurries his cows to the pasture or out of it He knows on which side his bread is to be buttered. Go into his barnyard and you will not find his cows rushing around to get out of his way. He knows enough not to put any ob structions in the way of his profit. Such a man is usually kind hearted to start 1 wun, butir ne is not nis intelligence teaches bim the money value of kind ness to cows. There is no work ou tbe farm that yon had not better slight cnanco ror quiet and comfort fa sum mer's heat and flies and winter's cold. Give hor good food, plenty of it, and without too much exercise to get it Making plenty of milk to make money for you is a big tax ou her energies to start with. Adopt for your motto throe principles: (1)A good oow; (2) hor good health; (3) good milk, and with good, common sense and energy yon need not fear a lack of good profit. No man can make a profit out of a poor oow, with good food and caro or out of a good cow with poor food, bad care and a dog. Any man with a dairy of cows should make them first in the management of the farm. Farm it for the cows, not cow it for the farm. One will help the other, but the first thing must come first. Swap the dog for more milk and more profit, and the cows will gladly help yon along. Hoard's Dairy man. Specks In Dntter. Theoretically milk that is properly taken care of has no specks in it that can afterward be found in the butter, says a writer in The National Stock man, but it is a sad fact that practical ly there are more or less specks in the milk and consequently in the butter. A cow should be brushed so clean before milking that there would be no such things as specks, and no need for strain ers, but tbe multifarious strainers upon the market testify that the large num ber of cows are not brushed as they theoretically should bo. I say theoretic ally, for it is a question with me whether a oow that is kept in a clean box stall will pay for the extra trouble of having her toilet performed twice a day, un less the milk is to be sold for some special purpose. The modiflod milkmen brush their cows, but they get 8 cents a quart for their milk and can afford to do eo, but for the average dairyman with a clean cow it is, as I said, a ques tion if he can do so. Hotter In Japan. In reply to a correspondent, Consul General Gowey of Yokohama has writ ten concerning tbe butter trade of Ja pan. The imports of butter into Japan for the year 1807 amounted to 182,484 pounds, at a value of $37,500 in gold. Of this quantity the United States fur nished 73,000 pounds, the greater quan tity of which caiuo from California. The average price is about 35 cents per pound. He says he has no doubt that the United States reamery butter, properly prepared for table use and put np in attractive packages in such man ner as to preserve its sweetness, would speedily control the market. Between March and October it is very difficult to get butter, as all butter becomes more or less rancid on exposure to the air, so it would have to be packed in small quantities and carefolly wrapped in cloth before sealing iu tins. Ilena Too Fat to Lay. At this time of year farmers who al low bens to run with tho fattening hogs will find tbat tbey will steal so much corn that they will eat their heads off. The worst of it is that such feediug makes the hens too fat to produce any eggs all the winter. If the hens are cooped and their wings clipped 60 tbat they can be confined in a yard, tbe mat ter of feeding can be entirely regulated by the poultry owner. Feed more whole wheat than any other grain, giving for variety a loose cabbage tbat has not come to bead and is good for nothing else. Some finely chopped clover is also excellent after tbe grain is fed. Too much clover is injurious. Boston Cul tivator. Importance ot Observation. The importance of close and constant observation in the poultry yard is not as fully appreciated as it should be. Tbe many lurking dangers that such a method will nip in the bud should be fully understood. Tbe discoveries of a new order such a course develops occa sionally upset theories well established and will often prove the error of trust ing entirely to appearance and leiug too sure that certain conditions are al ways to be relied npon. Baltimore Son 20 BAYS, TEHAL 1 '. J ' T" ' il Tti eVra'l payaa en Mat until m ere I ,1 .. ' ' ' J 11.01 ami a batch wliii II U ynar l ,,t yanilre aail.laolioe. All .Una uil r(rt, V" y y.i . Il I ImpoMlble I avarhaat wild wi Paon lAamatlo RVinilalof . Nrndti. for NaMoataloe. Miff Sim I6.UO, tUtkKIa l.Ul 4UTUaCO,,!iartai.l,0. Clraatar free, ' Ulna. Calaloa. hatch zz:m$ I SJY TAM-i u 1 alnpla, pareiol, MlJ.ftf ulaUuf J I Tbaaaaada la luwiaMrul eparaUoa. I I towtal prioad Wl-mana haMher aaad. I tirtt, ii. HT&lll.. I 114Uia A.lialtt.,ul)rr,I)1. DO YOU KEEP POULTRY ? Then tou ahould subscribe for f THE POULTRY WEST. '!N Itrluht, instructive and entertaining. Telli bow to maie your Hook profitable. Only J85 rents per year. Bond for freo sample .,iy . Address THE POULTRY WEST, Dept. Z. Topoka. Km. ARE YOU IVITII US? ivcV" .':'. ! .VH' J WIM la'K'- v l.'.-Vi THE DEALER 13 ACAIM3T U3 betaaae aell yaw lra rVare lre fraaa Ike factor? mi wholeaalo price. The dealer doit not (rtr you a better fonce than wa do, but he chatKea yim wore for It. Yuu can buy the advance mm dlrtwt from uh JiiKt a cheap a the dealer can. Thai maki a uavliitf that will amount to lomethlim aloe, A ptwtal card will bring you elivulara and price. ADVANCE FENCE COMPANY, 1802 OldStreet.Peorla.lll. Mention Advocate and Newa. FARM J ban ILxa fiP J Raher'i tali art Warranted U France. ' Mahlnn Luihrr. K.Trur, I'., ailnnlikod tin world! hr irow iiic i:0 biioh.li Biff Four Oala t J. Hr.lu.r. I lll.hlo.ilt. HI.., 1,1 buah. barlrr, anil H. UJoT, 1 Knt Wln, Minn., br growing M bh. Bailor aora ' porai'm. If jam duulit, wrtu Itirm. W. sua tofaia JUO.uio auw ouuouMft, hones will nl en trial 10 DOLLARS WORTH FOR 10o. I lOnkcnrrnra farm aoMa, Halt Ruh, Rape for Bhatp, i tno I H) .mn. " III Kour Halm ItcaidlMe Bari.y, HroiiiuK lucrinli lol.tlnic T toua liar pr aurain dry . , ailla,tt ' tim, WIii-iU, Ini'luilinffour namoiaib J ,U Caloloiiiio, U'lliiif all abuul our Farm awn, oui., ail mailia )oa upon rocelplor out 'ir ,uo- H'iH. TMWiuvBiy worm .id, ui f-i a at 91.110 ami ap a Mil. JZ"Jr if PlcuMe Rl'llll tlllH Hlv. uloilK. Mention Advocuto and News. ' Cauloa alone, Jc, No. Ml with or without lower cable barbed. All horlaontal llnea are rablr-e, not effcfUHl by heal and cold. Htl IVktrl lAwn and M.M.H. Poultry Fence, Bteel Uatea, foeta, eto. imim- VEfiCE CO. Dclfolb. 111. Mention Advocate and Newfl. M to Cfocr Ono amull profit added to the actual cost of Dialling, Tf'e'r th tAtrgtmt MnnuftmtMr- Itarnmm in the H mrtd, mlUnm ( thm enumer ejcelumivrtj. For twenty-! yeara we have anU on this money aavln plan. We ahlp any where for eiamlimtlon. Everything la fully wurratited. Our line con8li.t of Rockawaya, Bar reys, i rnp, tUHtiona, Ktannopea, Urtv Ir.g WaBmm, Top BuKKlex, Open and Top ItoMd Wagona, Spring Wagons, De- nyury nagonn, ihuk waffona, wagon- eiwju, ana au ityioa ot uarneaa. Send (or our larg-e Free Cctalofrua. ELKHART Carriage & Harness Nltg, Co., n . II. I IU l l , BOC'y, ELKHART. INDIANA. Mention Advocate and News. r.ammnil Iaaafeallaeaa4 krW 1 taM laaaraew IM-edr rat. R, , tv-mmitiU iaiJS.a UIVHI iaf leianiaaaraewawi.Mrarat. 1 1 V , 1 r"?"' anijnnni m in wnmam rnrinf porpnar. vat and IMlmrtln J ' ' T ' ; . ; ' : '' ' ! f f mHMI a1ni awnwatlral emllry kaawai aaiiHrr maftllaa in4 nu tnit arte. r aiai''''''i'i''7 hl?""wM w) tr et fjwi lMki Wtri iTtoanverMfMff teerirtV': aiHMIlM WW WW W"l N wj tin. Wwi llWar.M4fMI0rlNlliV Ii. "