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THE ADVOCATE AJNJO NiSWS.
12 MARCH 8, does not feel any longer that he is living la a free country. lie Is not, la be? In other words, It la a problem of liberty fully as much as a problem of economics It Is also becoming more and more a problem of polltlcad purity. Upon an at tempt to form some law to check them these enormous aggregates of capital be gin to use their money to prevent such control. They give to the campaign funds of both political parties, until It Is be coming a question whether It is possible to ftave honest, independent rulers. We have seen it most largely in the case of that other form of monopoly known as monopolies of situation, as I spoke of at the beginning, because they came first in the order of development and they were the first that government attempted to regulate. Th governor of one of our largest States, until lately, told me that when he was governor a great combina tion of the gas companies of thla city was being prepared for a bill in the legisla ture. A senator supposed to represent thorn came to him and said: "If you sign this bill tho stock of this great gas combine, which is now as low as $70 a share, will immediately rise to a hundred dollars and more a share. If then, you will agree to sign this bill we will sell you, In advance, two million dollars worth of stock in this company; we will deposit it in the vault in your name, you to pay for It at your leisure at 70 cents on the dollar, at its present market value. When you have signed the bill you can take that slock out of your vault and sell it at an advance of $G00,000. You can then pay us the original price. You have not been paid for your vote; you have simply made $600,000 by the rise of stock." Think of the danger to American Institutions when there Is such a price placed upon a man's integrity, and that In a country where success In money-making is considered success in life and brings all the adora tion that success in other lines brings abroad! In fact, I am reminded of the experience that the author of a recent French book on trusts had when he studied the subject He told me that he had had occasion to become acquainted with some of the noted English nobles and he said that the real power that sur rounded the president of a great railroad system of this country was enormously greater than that of an English lord. What we have been experiencing In the matter of monopolies of situation we are now beginning to experience and will experience more and more in monoplles of large capital in their corrupting influ ence upon legislatures the moment we be gin to control them. The problem evi dently is a pretty serious one. What are we going to do about It? Well, It has been suggested that we smash the trusts. That we discussed at the beginning; ap parently it is out of the question. I doubt If we could do it If we tried, except that we could break up what Is techni cally a trust. Again we may say that we need not worry over it because the trust question will settle Itself by the rising up of new combines of capital to compete with the old, if the old become too powerful. Attention will be called to the present war between Arbuckle of tnecoffee refining business and theHaver meyers of the Bugar refining business, which has temporarily reduced the price of sugar and it is said that many trusts have gone to pieces whenever they have become very profitable and thatthe same thing will follow more and more with the rest if we only let them alone. In the first place is that any satisfactory solution, even if it Is a likely one, to have a state of feverish excitement in business, with enormous profits for a time, and then a period of competition, of fighting between combines, and then bankruptcy everywhere up and down, enormous profits and then bankruptcy? Is that a satisfactory state? Is that any solution, really? More and more these combines are following safer methods, safer for them in their organization and are not so likely to go to pieces as some of them have In the past. But even if we admit the full force of the claim that they go to pieces every little while, you see that does not touch the more fundamental principles. Then again, It has been suggested that since we cannot destroy the trusts, and since letting them alone will not solve it, let all Join them since the trusts are good admirable for the business man why not good for the whole people? The peo ple might own and operate the trust in dustries of the country. It may come in time and prove a success as have gov ernment sugar refineries in Queensland. Now that probably looks like a pretty serious undertaking, probably looks to many like a very dangerous undertaking, but I am frank to say that IHo not be lieve that that is the first thing that the American people will be unable to handle successfully, and that we will find some lesson from the way we attacked Manila. We did not do it ty going there first di rectly, but we raised a Dewey for that Astonishing The Nations! That has always been the way with the AcCormick Always New! Always In Tront! Always Leading ! The most Modern of all Machines! 3? W a. ism Jjz' Equally at home In Oriental wheat fields and American prairie lands. Always the same. Always efficient. BUY A ncCORAICK BINDER. BUY A ttcCORttICK AOWER. BUY A McCORttICK TODDER SHREDDER. BUY A ttcCORniCK CORN HARVESTER. BUY A McCORttICK REAPER. BUY A McCORttICK RAKE. campaign; for the other section of the work we built an Oregon ten thousand miles away from the seat of war and that Is the way we won in that campaign. So I think before we can attack these trusts we have got to build our battering ram back in the hills somewhere and gradu ally move it up, doing many other things as we move it along. Perhaps we will never care to go any further than to do the3e other things; it may be that the ownership and management of a few trusts by the government will keep the rest In check. But let U9 notice what we have got to do. The first thing that stands pre-eminently before us Is the dis posal of the railroad question, a more pressing problem Just now, at least a more practical question, than that of the trusts. I wish to read you a very revolu tionary statement two paragraphs. It is not bound in red. It Is indeed a govern ment publication, the report Just out of the Interstate Commerce Commission. Meanwhile the situation has become intol erable, both from the standpoint of the public and the carriers. Tariffs are disre garded, discriminations constantly occur, the price at which transportation can be ob tained Is fluctuating and uncertain. The general public gets little benefit from these reductions, for concessions are mainly confined to the heavier shippers. All this augments the advantages of large capital, and tends to the injury, and often to the ruin of smaller dealers. These are not only matters of gravest consequence to the business welfare of the country, but they concern in no less degree the higher Interests of public morality. There is probably no one thing to-day which does so much to force out the small operator and to build up those trusts and monopolies against which law and public opinion alike beat in vain, as discrimina tion in freight rates. It is evident that in approaching the trust problem we have got to approach It through the door of the railroad problem. There is another avenue, 'however, which is equally important and which is, I fear, not yet understood by the people, and that is, it must be approached through pure government, through civil service reform. In other words.lnstead of preach ing civil service reform as a kid glove affair It will have to be preached as a popular need of the many in order to give them officials who will be selected for efficiency and not for a "pull" and who will be strong enough to take hold and regulate or manage, as circumstances de mand, these great monopolies. It Is apparently the theory of the many that you can select an official in Kansas on a few hundred dollars or one or two thousand dollars a year who can match in keenness and strength the railroad at torneys and presidents selected from the farthest quarter of this country. You expect such a man actually to be the equal of your railroad official. We could go to Chicago and find that the Interests represented by the great trusts of this country are spending over $40,000 a year to train the people in their view of polit ical economy and sociology; we find the people of the State of Illinois, and it Is Just the same in Kansas, spending $2,000 a year to give their view of political econ omy and sociology. Do you think it will be easy to develop a class of public offi cials and legislators until we begin this education far back among the masses? Therefore, I repeat, do not look upon the trust question as one that you can immediately attack, but rather as some thing to be kept before you as one of the most menacing conditions of the coun try, until you have prepared for it by education among the people by a solution of the railroad question end other mo nopolies of situation end people by a moral elevation such as Jesus wrought among his disciples, and by a training in those phases of righteousness which make for the beat cltdiensliip. That Catacomb Story. ( Continued from page 10. ) notningnesH, aosomte pettiness, of life in the presence of the great ruler," and bo forth, and so on. "Pinto's domain" was altfo tonched upon, and mention was hIso made of some "grinning skulls," though to be honest the writer endowed these latter with teeth: "To think we misjudged her sol" I heard them murmur as I read on in tently, feeling a thrill of vindication sweep through me. But, alas, it wan short lived, for when I read the name signed to tho story the came of the winner of that much desired prize my satisfaction oozed from my soul and left me pallid and heartsick. "All the waters in the five oceans won't wash me clean in their eyes when they discover," I muttered as I handed back the paper. "We've all been very Hilly," said the chaperon cheerily, "but after this we'll say no more about it This is only an other instance of 'great minds running in the same direction. ' Now for a brisk walk home." For a moment I felt saved from ex posure, but at the next query I again grew numb. "Wonder who the winner is?" was the colleen's idle remark. "Leonard Lane I Never heard of him 1" said the Harvard man briskly, as if that settled the question of his re nown, and at his tone a sadden defiant resolve shot through me. l determined to brave the worst. "I've heard of him," I managed to say as quietly us I could. "He was in Paris two years ago and wrote the thing then. Leonard Lane is the nom de plume of my fiance. We are to be mar tied when I return home in June." They murmured, "How lovely I" and Whispered, "How sweet 1" and the Har vard man muttered, "Lucky fellow 1" But their eyes flared with suspicion as they looked at me, and to this day I am not sure but that they believe I used the mail service between France and America to betray their seething thoughts on death to my lover. iThere Is more Catarrh in this section of the country than all other diseases put together, and until the last few years was supposed to be incurable. For a great tnany years doctors pronounced it a local disease, and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly falling to cure with local treatment, pronounced it incurable. Science has proven catarrh to be a con stlutlonal disease, and therefore requires constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only constitu tional cure on the market It is taken internally in doses of from 10 drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred dollars for any case it fails to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Soid by Druggists, 75c. pi Oar fkmoM jet in-VRIm Label SiwJ. Vrint and utmuloa reedy April Mh. Write now and we will nnd when reedy: Prtree will i he lower the yoo think. ! We deliver rmmOhlmtro Omaha or St. Paul, a tmliwL M3VTCCV.r.CY WA2D CO. CTXACIX tMaWwtr iMeWUUewMh We carry a Stock of Thirty-five Thousand Dollars in Dress Goods and Silks alone. We send a full line of Samples upon request and prepay charges on all orders of $5.00 and over. A ' rfh'iiuiflinilil i '( uMa-il iirriiVriL frWi'i ' ' 1 401 717-719 Kansas Avenue, J Topeka, Kans. (First Published March 8, 1899.) Bond Redemption Notice. CENTER TOWNSHIP, NORTON CO., KANSAS. To the holders of bonds issued by Center Township, Norton County, Kansas, to the Chicago. Kansas & Nebraska Railway Company. Pursuant to the laws of the State of Kan sas and an order of the Township Board of said Center Township. Norton County, Kan sas, I, F. W. Boddy, Township Treasurer of said Center Township, hereby grlve notice that the following described bonds, with ac crued Interest thereon, Issued by Center Township. Norton County, Kansas, to the Chicago, Kansas, & Nebraska Railway Company, to-wit, bonds numbered consec utively from 1 to 25 Inclusive, of the denom ination of $1,000.00 each, dated March 15, 1X88, will be paid on the 15th day of May, 1899, at the Blscal Agency of the State of Kansas In the City of New York, State of New York. And further notice is hereby grlven that on the 15th day of May, 1899, said above described bonds will cease to bear In terest. F. W. BODDY, Township Treasurer of Center Township, Norton County, Kansas. (First Published March 8, 1899.) Notice to Redeem Bonds. To Whom It May Concern: The owners and holders of the following described bonds of Lincoln County, Kansas, to wit: Bonds Nos. 1 to 70 Inclusive, of the amount of one thousand dollars each, and In the aggregate amounting to $70,000, bear ing date of October 18th, A. D. 1887, and ma turing October 18th, A. D. 1917, and Issued to the Sallna, Lincoln and Western Railway company, a railroad corporation, by the said county of Lincoln in the said State of Kansas; must take notice that the above described bonds and each of them, will be paid at the Fiscal Agency of the State ot Kansas, In the city of New York and State of New York on the 15th day of May, A. D. 1899. and that said above described bonds shall cease to bear Interest from and after the said 15th day of May. A. D. 1S99. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 2d day of March. A. D. 1899. lSeal.1 W. M. McCANLES. County Treasurer of Lincoln County. Kan sas. Attest: J. S. STOVER, Seal. County Clerk. Samplo copies will b cberfullr mailed tk any addrtas.