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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
8 MARCH 8, THE ADVOCATE FOR HE HOME AND NEWS SHOP AMFAPM OFFICIAL PAPER OF TJIB STATE OF KANSAS. Publlsttcd Every Wednesday, it Topelu, Kansas (1EO. B. HARRISON & CO., Editors avid Prophibtobb. fiubnorlptlon lUtest One copy one year by mail, it. In clul$ of ten or more, by mail, one year, 75 cent earn, 1'he antmrtiMl.no rait of The Advocate ami New are Urn. l&Mnuiie will lie moot ana prvr jut ntilied on aimllr.atUm. No extra eliarue for cult, etc. The uMUhr.r rrxerce the riyht U reject any oiij6ct.Uiuwie aavcrimna. ine reaaer oj wvt XMper mau comitdrr aim iu wen torment, whim an Iwurt herein a reitrrMrnUnq a firm whoee reliahit In rin lie mnu hrA fur hu the wUtlUhrr. The Advocate wan ctablixhc.d in 1HX), and vm eomolUiated with The Kama New in IW7. The Advocate and New U the official State pajer, and hat a larger circulation than anu other Kama weeKly wnkli receive aavmucment. For informatUtn rraardlng mtwrription and advertUina rate, atidrc OSSce: THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. IIS W. Sixth Ave. TOPEKA, KANSAS. WHY NOT A NATIONAL COURT t The Clemens law creating a railroad Court of Visitation has attracted atten tion all over the country. Newspapers have widely commented on this and aside from partisan bias they have uniformly remarked upon tibe originaltly of the law. lA sample criticism la that of the Sat urday Evening Post, of Philadelphia, a literary paper of over 200,000 circulation, which recently made the following com ment In its paper of "Publick Occurrences that are Making History:" At Its recent special session the Legisla ture of Kansas passed a bill that is a de cided novolty in railroad legislation. The bill, In brief, provided for the estab- linilllicilt, liub ui ail uiuuiuij buiiiiiiiaoivii. such as exists In most of the States, but of a regular court vested with exclusive on Klnai jurisdiction over causes of contro versy petween the railroads and the pub lic. To It would be extended the authority belonging to courts of common law and equity, under which It could obtain evidence and compel obedience to Its decisions. The first Judges would be appointed and their successors elected; hence, the public would have a personal interest In the court, and have no occasion to change the selection of Incompetent or irresponsible Judges. The interest which has been evoked nationally by this law and its extension to cover the express and telegraph com panies suggests the Idea that It might not be a bad substitute for the Interstate Commerce Commission, which, on Its own admission, has signally failed to regulate the railroads. Why should not the Court of Visitation idea, which Mr. Clemens drew up for the Bpeelal session of the Kansas , legislature, be adopted by the nation? The Idea Is really an attractive one from a national standpoint Reference to the article of Doctor Bemls, which we publish elsewhere, brings out the Import ance which the trust and transportation questions are assuming. There must surely be comethlng taken up In the near future which shall decide these great matters. Mere making of laws which the trusts and railroads can calmly disre gard will not help the matter, but a court given power to compel the railroads to obey the laws and to keep the trusts from over-rldlng the people might not be a bad solution of the problem. The great trouble with such a propo sition would probably be In the attempts of the corporations to elect as Judges men Who would serve their interests. This would apply more to a national court than to a tribunal having only State Jurisdiction. A TRUST OF TRUSTS. One of the greatest problems before the people of this country is the ques tion of trusts. A trust Is the combination of the Interests controlling any line of business for the purpose of preventing competition, limiting the output and dic tating the prices on the product. It is really a combination for the restraint of trade. The national government and most of the States have laws forbidding all such combinations. Dut In that case pro hibition does not prohibit, for the forma tion of trusts goes steadily on In defiance of all law. Promoters are busily at work hunting up all branches of business from Which trusts can be formed and organlz in them in to combines for the avowed purpose of destroying competition: and putting up the prices. Each plant Is put In at an agreed amount, often exagger ated, and the aggregate output, although diminished, is expected to pay profitable dividends upon the Inflated capital of the combine. This can only be done by ad vancing the prices which the consumers must pay. By limiting the output and shortening the supply the demand Is increased and the prices can be advanced. Local con cerna are bought up or forced out of the business, their doors closed and their employees thrown out of work. The mo nopoly dictates the employment of labor and from Its decision there seems to be no appeal. The king of the coal oil trust has 25,000 men In his employ. If that great trust was diversified, as It should be, employ ment would be given to four times as many people, and the cost of oil to the consumers would be greatly reduced. The hundreds of millions of dollars piled up by the stockholders of the great combine would have been paid to additional labor ers and left in the hands of the consumers of the products. With the growth of these trusts will come other great questions. As trusts they will not always work together in peace and harmony. Their Interests will clash and conflict The ambition of their managers will lead them to invade each other's territory and to trespass upon the claimed rights to particular lines of business. This has already occurred In several Instances. Selfish Interest will demand that this be prevented and that the claimed rights of each trust be re peated and protected. This can only be done by a combination of all the trusts Into an Immense trust of trusts controll ing the combined capital of this country and possible also that of other nations. Such a supreme trust would not only manage the business Interests of the country but the government of the coun try as well. The president of such a com bine would not only stand before kings but he would put kings and presidents and congress and courts under his feet and walk over them all at his own will end pleasure. The alleged capital of the trusts al ready formed amounts to three times the national debt of this country. If organ ized into a trust of trusts they could not only carry the national debt, but could control the financial interests and dic tate the administration of - all depart ments of the government. In the mind of the average American there is only one answer to the ques tion whether the trusts ehall own the country or the country shall own the trusts; the hesitation lies in the time it takes him to come to a recognition of the fact that there Is no other alternative. For an authoritative article on. this subject we commend to all our readers the admirable paper on trusts by Dr. Be mls, which we publish elsewhere. OUR LADY READERS should know that the torturing pains and nervousness which accompany many of the distressing ailments peculiar to wo men, yield like magic to Dr. Pierce's Fa vorite Prescription. It is purely vegeta ble, perfectly harmless in any condition of the system and adapted to the delicate organisation of woman by an experienced physician of thirty years' active practice. It allays and subdues undue excitement of the nervous system and relieves the pain accompanying functional . and organic troubles. Sallow or wrinkled face, duill eyes and hollow cheeks, together with low spirits, follow the derangements, Irregu larities and weaknesses peculiar to the sex. When suffering irom nervousness, dizziness, falntness, displacement of wo manly organs, backache, catarrhal In flammation of Che lining membranes, giv ing rise to an exhausting drain upon the system, "bearing-down sensations," or general deblitty, Dr. Pierces Favorite Prescription reaches the origin of the trouble and corrects it Avoid the dreaded and repulsive "local applica tions" so generally employed by doctors. You can cure your aliment by the use of Favorite Prescription" and thereby save the humiliating ordeal of submitting to such treatment It's a medicine which was discovered and used by an eminent physician for thirty years in all cases of 'female complaint," and those painful disorders that afflict womankind. If wo men are overworked, run-down, tired or sleepless, if 'they are irritable, morbid or suffer from backache, they should turn to the right means for a permanent cure. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription) fits Just such coses, for it regulates the special functions and builds up and invigorates the entire female system. 2 NEW FEE AND SALARY LAW. X Q ifi tfl fl ffk . fi iji fi tf tfi iti i ffk ffi m ffi ifli . sjjt ft (Published in the Advocate and News, ofll clal State paper, March 8, 1899.) House Bill No. 667. AN ACT to amend Sections 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12. 13, 14, 17, 18, J9, 20 and 22 of chapter l.ll of the Session Laws of 1897, entitled, "An act fixing the fees and salaries of cer tain officers and persons therein named." Be It enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas: Section 1. That sections 2. 4. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10, 12. 13. 14. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20 and 22 of chapter 131 of the Session LawB of 1897, entitled "An act fixing the fees and salariesof certain officers and persons therein named." he. ana tne same are hereby amended so as to read as follows: Section 2. The County Treasurer of the several counties of the State shall be al lowed by the Hoard of County Commission ers of their respective counties, as full com- Pfnsatlon for their services for the county, the following salaries, to be paid out of the county treasury in quarterly installments: In counties having a population of 1,500 and under $700 per annum More than 1.500 ana not more than 5,000 900 per annum More than 5,000 and not more than 10,000 1,000 per annum More than 10,000 and not more than 15,000 1,200 per annum More than 15,000 and not more than 20,000 1.400 per annum More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 1.000 per annum More than 25,000 and not more than 30,000 1.800 per annum More than 30,000 and not more than 35.000 2.000 per annum More than 35.000 and not mora than 40.000 2.200 Der annum More than 40,000 and not more than 45.000 2.400 Der annum More man 45,ooo ana not more than 55.000 2.500 Der annum More than 53,000 2,500 per annum iroviaea. tnat tne county commissioners or the several counties may allow the fol lowing: sum or as much thereof as thev deem necessary for clerk hire: In counties having: a population of More than 2,500 and not more than 6.000 $300 per annum More than 6,000 and not more than 10.000 400 per annum More than 10,000 and not more than 15.000 500 per annum More than 15,000 and not more than 20.000 600 per annum More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 900 per annum More than 25,000 and not more than 30.000 1.200 ner annum More than 30,000 and not more tha.n .35.000 1.500 ner annum More than 35,000 and not more than 40.000 1.800 ner annum More than 40,000 and not more than 45,000 2.000 ner annum More than 45,000 2,500 per annum section i. The county clerK or the several counties of the State shall be allowed by the Board of County Commissioners of their respective counties, as full compensation for their Bervices for the county, the follow ing salaries to be paid out of the county treasury in quarterly installments: in coun ties having; a population of tw ana unaer too per annum More than 1,500 and not more than 6,000 900 per annum More than 6,000 and not more than 10,000 1.000 per annum More than 10,000 and not more than 15.000 1.000 per annum More than 15,000 and not more than 20,000 1.200 per annum More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 1.400 ner annum More than 25,000 and not more than 30.000 1.500 ner annum More than 30,000 and not more than 35.000 1.800 per annum More than 35,000 and not more than 50.000 2.000 per annum More than 60.000 2.400 per annum Provided, that the County Commissioners of the several counties may allow the fol lowing Bums or as much thereof as they may ueem necessary ror clerk hire: in counties having a population of More than 2,500 and not more than 6.000 1200 per annum More than 6,000 and not more than 10.000 250 per annum More than 10,000 and not more than 15.000 300 per annum Mere than 15,000 and not more than 20,000 400 per annum More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 600 per annum More than 25,000 and not more than 30,000 800 ner annum More than 30,000 and not more than 45.000 1.000 ner annum More than 45,000 and not more than 55.000 1.500 Der annum More than 65.000 2.000 per annum Section 6. The Countv Superintendent of Public Instruction of the several counties of the State shall be allowed, bv the Board of County Commissioners of their respective counties, as full compensation for their ser vices for the county, the following salaries to be paid out of the county treasury In quarterly Installments: In counties having a school population of less than one thous and, the County Superintendent shall re ceive for each day actually and necessarily employed the discharge of the duties of his office, the sum of three dollars per day for a number of days not to exceed one hundred and fifty in any one year; In counties hav ing a school population of one thousand and not more than twelve hundred, shall receive six hundred dollars per annum; in counties having a school population of from twelve to fifteen hundred he shall receive seven hundred dollars per annum; and in counties containing more than fifteen hundred per sons of school age, he shall receive seven hundred and twenty dollars per annum for each additional one hundred such persons: Provided, that no County Superintendent shall receive to exceed ten hundred dollars per annum, and that In determining the salaries of County Superintendents the school population of cities of the first and second class shall not be Included in the territory attached for school purposes: Provided further, that In counties hav ing moro than one hundred school teachers employed, exclusive of those employed in cities of the flrBt and second class, the County Commissioners of said county shall add to the salary of one thousand dollars per annum, an amount not to exceed two hundred dol lars per annum: Be It further provided, that if the County Superintendent fall to spend at least one hour In each school in the county during the year, that the County Commissioners shall deduct from the last quarterly Installment of his salary the sum of five dollars for each such delinquency. Section 7. The County Attorneys of the several counties of the State shall bo al lowed, by the Board of County Commis sioners of their respective counties, the fol lowing salaries per annum, as compensation for all services performed, to be paid out of the county treasury quarterly: In counties having a population of 2,0ii0 and under $100 per annum From 2,000 to 3,000 600 per annum Moro than 3.ooo and not more than 4.000 000 ner annum More than 4.000 and not more than 5.000 700 ner annum More than 6.000 and not more than 9.000 800 nor annum More than 9,000 and not more than 12.000 900 ner annum More than 12,000 and not more than 15.000 1000 nor Hnnnm More than 15,000 and not more than 20.000 1000 nrr nnnnm More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 1350 nor annum More than 25,000 and not more than .37.500 1M0 ner annum More than 37.500 and not more than 45.000 1650 ner annum More than 45,000 and not more than 55.000 1800 tier annum More than 55.000.. 2500 ner annum and In counties having a city of the first class or two or more cities of the second Class, the Uountv Commissioners thereof may allow not exceeding nine hundred dol lars per annum for an assistant or assist ants: Provided, that the salarv of the County Attorneys shall be based upon the population of the last returns of the asses sors In their respective counties. Whenever the prosecuting witness or defendant Is ad Judged to pay the cost, the court shall tax as cost the following fees: For drawing Indictment or Information for felony, five dollars: for drawing indictments or Infor mation for misdemeanor, two dollars and fifty cents: for drawing complaint for mis demeanor, two dollars and fifty cents: for trial In case of murder or manslaughter, twenty-five dollars: for trial In other felony rases, ten dollars: for trial In misdemeanor cases, five dollars: for action on forfeited recognizance, ten dollars; In cases where prosecution is dismissed, two dollars; for examination of persons charged with an of fense, before any Justice of the peace or po lice Judge, four dollars; but In no case shall the county be liable for any of the fees herein provided, and all fees collected under the provisions of this section shall be turned Into the general revenue fund of the county. Section 8. The Clerk of the District Court In the respective countieB of this State shall charge, as full compensation for their ser vices as required by law to be performed by Clerks of the District Court, the fees as hereinafter provided: For filing each paper, five cents; docketing each action on appearance docket, or execution docket, each fifteen cents, docketing action on trial and bar docket, each ten cents; each entry made on appearance docket, other than docketing action, five cents; entering every order, motion, rule, plea, report, verdict, or arraignment, ten cents: entering Judg ment not exceeding five folios, forty cents; each additional folio, ten cents; entering satisfaction of Judgment, twenty cents; each entry on Index, five cents; Issuing any other writ, except as otherwise provided, twenty-five cents; Issuing subpoena, all the names contained In one precipe to be con tained In one subpoena, twenty cents; enter ing summons and subpoena on appearance docket when returned, Including copy of sheriff's return, thirtv cents: issuing nnv order of attachment, replevin, arrest, execu tion, saie, or oraer to carry sentence of criminal Into execution, flftv lng commissions to take depositions. twenty-five cents; administering oath in open court, five cents; Impaneling and swearing a Jury, fifty cents; taking and certifying witness. 1uror and other Affida vit, twenty-flve cents; approving bond, in- ciuamg justincation, nrty cents; docket ing Judgment, twenty-five cents; taxing costs and making fee bill, per folio, ten cents; making any record or copying any paper required to be copied, per folio, seven cents; certifying fees of Jurors and wit nesses to county board, each name, five cents; entering declaration of alien to be come a citizen, and certified copy of same, one dollar: taking and recording recogni sance or bond, fifty cents; entering final admission of alien and certified copv of same, one dollar; making fee bill In State cases, per folio, five cents; entering Indict ment or information In indictment record, fifty cents; entering abstract of mechanic's den In mechanic's Hen docket, fifty cents; certificate and seal, twontv.fl va nTQ re leasing mortgage on real estate sold under foreclosure, fifty cents; for holding an. election in assignment case, Including mak ing recora ana reporting same to district court, two dollars and fifty cents; for pre paring and sending to each creditor a no tice required by Bection 2, of chapter 101 of the laws of 1876, seven cents per folio; re cording commission, bond, and oath of no tary public, one dollar; Provided, that the County Commissioners, in counties where the fees charged amount to less than $500 per annum, shall allow the Clerk of the Dis trict Court a sum which In addition to the above fees, shall not exceed five hundred dollars per annum: Provided however that In counties having a population of less than 2000 amount paid together with the fees shall not exceed $350.00 per annum. Pro vided further, that the Clerk of the Dis trict Court in counties having the following population, may retain all fees collected as hereinafter specified: The counties having a population of More than 3.000 and not .more than 10,000 $900 per annum More than 10.000 and not more than 15.000 1000 Der annum More than 15.000 and not more than 20.000 1100 ner annum More than 20,000 and not more than 25.000 1200 ner annum More than 25.000 and not more than 30.000 1400 ner annum More than 30,000 and not more than 35,000 1600 per annum