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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. APRIL 12, GOVERNMENT by THE PEOPLE. 5 Direct Legislation The Step Necessary for Its g Restoration. V A- V- ! gome Famona Editor on Direct LeglHlatlon, By Edwin D. Mead, editor the New Eng land Magazine (Boston) : "I believe in direct legislation because it seems to me tlie next step toward making our government what L believe democratic gov ernment will be ultimately, viz., Hornething much nearer the town meeting than any form of represent ative government which we now have. The polit ical philosophers of a century and a half ago be lieved that large republics were im possible, because they believed that an ellicient and united public spirit could not pervade a great state suffi ciently to make republican government in it successful; but small and great are rela tive terms, and the newspaper and the tele graph are making the United States for political purposes smaller than New Eng land was when Washington was elected president. In time all citizens of the repub lic will stand in as close touch for political purposes as the citizens of a town to day. Then government will be less and less repre sentative and more and more direct." By J. St. Loe Slrachey, editor of the Lon don Spectator: "It is good for all legislatures, as well as for all men, to be subject to control, and not to possess unlimited powers. The only effec tive form of control in the case of legisla tive bodies in a democratically governed country is to be found in a pojl of the peo ple. If and when a poll of the people exists the representatives are under control, and the representatives a re under control, and the people are able to insure that their rights have not been misunderstood or ignored. A poll of the people is also most useful in deciding contests between the two houses of a legislature. When servants quariel as to which is in tho right the master must de cide. A poll of the people is tho best cor rective of the evils of unlimited representa tive institutions. But though the power to take a poll of the people is essential, refer ence to the popular will ought not, in my opinion, be taken too often, or on trivial subjects. The master has the final voice, but he does not expect his servants to worry him with unimportant details. These must be settled by his delegates without an appeal to him." By B. 0. Flower, founder of the Arena and ex-editor of The New Time: "The referendum, initiative and recall will be to our people at tho present time far more than was the .Magna Charta to the people of Eng land under feud alism. It will give us what we never hail before a re publican govern ment. The alleged arguments which have been made against direct leg islation are simi lar to the objec tions urged by the enemies of free dom and justice against the gov ernment, estab- ished by our fath ers. Indeed, persons cherishing the faith in the people and the love of liberty which Thomas Jefferson entertained cannot op pose these ideal republican measures. Those who distrust public government, whose in terests are with despotism, who look with no disfavor upon tyranny if it be cloaked in some pleasing name, as well as those un fortunate persons who go through life echo ing the shallow catch phrases of those who are forging chains of bondage for the people, may be expected to oppose this great re form, for tyranny and ignorance are ever leagued against progress and the dawn. "Direct legislation meets the imperative demand of our time and age, aa the declara tion of independence sounded a forward step and voiced in a measure the aspiration of our fathers at that stage in civilization. Only by meeting changed conditions with . i A . ( V u -J, ft' enlightened and progressive measures cal culated to preserve justics and foster free dom can a republic save itself from the tyr army which blighted the hopes and prom ises of ancient Home after the Patricians crushed the Gracchi. A government may long retain the name of a republic when all the essential features of democracy have vanished. "The crisis which confronts us, and which is recognized by all thoughtful and inde jiendent thinkers, imperatively demands the immediate introduction of direct legislation which has already proved so beneficent in Switzerland. But even if it had never been introduced, if the experiment were as bold and untried as the splendid program inau guratcd by the Fathers of our Bepublic, it would none t tie less be demanded by exist ing conditions in order to maintain the in tegnty of free government. By Airs. Susanna M. D. Fry, editor the Union Signal (Chicago) : "Direct legislation would bo the means of educating the inert mass of our peopl who at present can scarcely be urged to an intel ligent knowledge of how our gov ernment is con stituted, much less to a know! edge of its work ings under pres ent conditions. The responsibility of more direct and personal partici pation in affairs would be such a schoolmaster as our youth have not vet had. It would furnish a means of carrying out the in junction, 'We must educate,' and serve as a preventive to the awful catastrophe, 'or we perish.' "The initiative and referendum would de stroy many of the present evils and make a way possible for ot her needed reforms in city, State and nation. I am in favor of both because delegated responsibility has proved to a large degree a failure and because our representative government has ceased to represent under changed conditions and the power of boodle, and because direct legis lation offers a way by which we may apply a bedrock principle of our government, viz., the rule of the majority. Let us have the initiative, the referendum, the impera tive mandate and everything else necessary to putting the government into the hands of the largest number ; it is necessary to the destruction of bossism, undue party power, lobby power, money power, corporation power, and any and all power that subverts human character and the rights of the indi vidual man and woman." By Gilbert McClurg, editor the Monthly Bimetallist (Denver): "When I recall the success which has fol lowed the introduction of direct legislation in a small coun try like Switzer land, and when I consider the bun gling tariff enact ments forced re cently upon us, I am prone to wish the American peo pie might estab lish this legisla tive reform. Not even did our prea idont comprehend, when he signed the bill in 1873, that that act had sealed the crimi nal demonetiza tion of silver. In our senate and in our house regularly occurs a most heedless and scandalous method of voting. Members have frequently testified, and it is common knowledge, that they vote daily for or against laws concerning which they know absolutely nothing. Party directs them more than does principle. Members, count less times, have bought and sold votes, in quiring meanwhile, 'What are you going to do about it !' To disrupt this continual cor ruption which enriches trusts and robs men I have yet to learn a remedy likely to prove so effective in securing 'direct legislation,' which alone may yet effect genuine democ racy." Br Edward II. Cleinent, editor the Bos ton Transcript: "It seems to me that one of the most in teresting of all the nrnippfji for nnlitWl and social advance, now so much discussed, is the old Swiss republic's expedient of direct legislation. It will not cure all the evils mat we suiier irom nor provide an tne new things that we want; but it certainly 'makes way for liberty.' It is a pretty good test of its usefulness that it would have a direct remedial effect upon the most enor mous of the political abuses of the day the unc m jjuni.ii.ai uuunu lur piivmu money niakinar ends. When, through t.hn rp-anh- mission of any project of legislation to the people, it Becomes useless to purchase a State legislature or a board of aldermen, or a committee of either housa of PonnrrpRa. there must certainly result a drying up of me most nronnc source oi eornmr.ion ann demoralization in American politics. But this would be only an immediate effect. The ultimata eonseniiencps of rpnnirinn' f.hp. whole community to educate themselves unon Questions of do i tics and legislation, in oiuer 10 vote intelligently, are too large in ueneiicent in 11 nonce to tie more than in di eted at this time. With frenupnt. rpfprpn- luins. under direct legislation aa a nart. nf our institutions, the whole people oi both sexes would come to realize that govern ment is evervbodv's business, and must not. be left to a professional class composed of a comparatively lew interested persons. Then, and not until then, shall wo. nnnronrli flip state of the true republic such as the school dooks ten children we are. ' i I. - .,1 I l Some HwIhh Autliorltle cm Direct Legislation lion. Karl Burkli. Councillor of Zurich. veteran Swiss reformer (in his seventy-sixth car), called the lather of the Referendum. Social reform is condemned to remain in a state of theory until the right means are iounu to put it into practice, and these means can be above all no other than that the laws shall be made by the voice of the people and not according to the wishes of the privileged few. The political ful crum is wanted to the social lever wherewith society may lift from off its hinges the old form of society with its poverty of the masses and its individual wealth. Tho history of the world abundantly proves that the law is only a written ex pression of the interest of the law giver. In a rnnl (lumnnmpv whprpin (lirppf. lefis- liii inn mvna intrt fVio npnnlp'a hand flip ill- .v, r - strument of perpetual motion and the path lor constant peaceiui revolution lies open tinfnrn if flip nunnlp will prpnfp tipw forma .,wv,.v. .v, ..... , and laws not according to preconceived so cial theories but according to real wants as they make themselves felt, and it will make its will prevail, as in owiizenunu, uy a strok-p. of the nen and no loncrer bv fire arms and bloody revolutions. lion Theodore Curti, National Councillor .rwrrnar,nn,la in TTnifp.l Rfnfpa Semilog. head of group of extreme left in Federal Assembly, historian, etc The referendum works well in a great crisis. He mistakes who thinks the people will systematic ally reject pro posed laws and that this obstruc tionist feeling will prevent their d i s t i n guishing good laws from bad ones. After the prac tice of the refer endum the people possess a great treasury of k n o w 1 edge. A great question now looms all over the world: Shall legislation now and in the future he in the hands of representatives who cannot escape the danger of defending their own interests and becoming a new privileged class, or shall it be the work of the people all to gether and express their intelligence, aspi- ations anu uemanasr A Dinliament can never cive to fh rtpn- ple that feeling of unity which comes with the referendum. The citizens of Grisons, which is a confederation of communes, say: "The referendum has made one people of us." One cannot imagine a more rinae communion among people than this act has orougnt aoout m wnicn eacn participates. See how the canton of St.. flail Tina Knon solidified by the union of classes, the most diverse ana opposite Historically and geo- r t 'I.'.!-- 1 "ly. .''" " I ' ' 1 I !j "Let Him Who Wins It Seat the Palm." Praise unstinted is accord ed to all honorable victors, whether in the din of war or in the quiet paths of peace Hood's Sarsaparilla has won thousands of victories over all sorts of troubles of the blood, and it is clmerica's Greatest cMedicine, the best that money can buy. It possesses the exact combination which purifies the blood and brings the color of health to every cheek. It never disappoints. Catarrh -"I suffered over six years with catarrh. Spent over $100 In advertised cures, Inhalers etc., without benefit. Finally tried Hood's Sarsaparilla and it accom plished a complete and lasting cure." M. A. Abbey, Victor Ave., Worcester, Mass. Bad Stomach - " Headaches and tired feeliiifj, with bad condition of stomach caused me to take Hood's Sarsaparilla. It stopped all pain and trouble." Chas. Bovee, Glens Falls, N. Y. Hives-" Sleep was Impossible on ac count of the hives. Took two bottles Hood's Sarsaparilla and am entirely cured." Charles S. Lozier, Hackensack, N. J. The Crip - " After the grip I was run down, appetite poor and health bad. Hood's Sarsaparilla purified my blood, restored my appetite, pains entirely gone. I am a sur veyor." A. W. Judson, Sandusky, O. Scrofula Bunches-" My baby was weak and delicate after scarlet fever. Skin was transparent and blue. Scrofula bunches came on his neck. Three bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla removed them com pletely and he Is now strong." Mrs. Geo. Clark, 522 Chestnut Street, Lynn, Mass. , After Fever-" Typhoid fever left my little girl very weak and thin and with no appetite. She Is now fat and well and Hood's Sarsaparilla made her so. It cured my husband's rheumatism." Mrs. Clinton B. Copk, Buckingham Valley, Pa. Catarrh " I suffered twelve years with Eczema catarrh, fifteen years with eczema. Tried different medicines and phy sicians with only temporary relief. Finally took Hood's Sarsanarilla. nif H7wia pnia patiently for six months and am entirely cured." P. J. Burr, U. S. Pension Office, Indianapolis, Ind. Hood' PHU cure liver Ills; non-Irritating p only cathartic to take with Hood' 8raaprll1. graphically. The common voting develops a public conscience. Switzerland unites in its blood an astonishinor nnnihpr -of nntner. onisms, but everyone allows that these have ueen icveieu oy me reierenuum and that legislation by the people has brought us all to feel as one people. Prof. Louis Waurin. Profpssor of Snpiol- ogy in the University of Geneva, Switzerland. The cantonal and municinal annlication of the referendum, the right of popular in itiative nnu, above an, the introduction of proportional representation, are eloquent iciiicius oi political ngnteousness at ue- neva. lion. Xuma Dioz. ex-President Swiss Re public, economist and author. Under the influence of the referendum a profound chance has come over the snirit both of parliament and people. The idea of employer and employed, of sender and sent, which lies at the root of the representative system, become an absolute reality. The peopie sun cnoose tneir representatives to make their laws, but thev resprve the rio-M of sanction. The craftsman carries out the work to his own satisfaction; the employer who gave the order is of different opinion and sends it back to be altered. It is per fectly simple, each has done his duty within the limits assigned to him; there is no ground for quarrel. The legislator is not discredited; he is only in the position of a deputy whose bill is not passed. There is no question of resigning. If here and there a measure is rejected, others are passed; there is clearly no want of confidence. Moreover, after rejecting a law, it is quite common to re-elect the same representa tives. The people have generally shown them selves wiser than the meddling politicians, who have tried to draw them into sytem- TO CURE A COLO IN ONE DAT Jake Laxatlrft Bromo Qulnln Ta&lota. All druggists refund the money If it tills ta curv Tn WaalM buURQ.oi eacn taclat.