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3 THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS. V ::'x '' atic opposition. If now and then they have voted under the influence of obvious ill humor with their representatives, they have on the other hand more than once given the agitator clearly to understand that he had no chance with them. The net result has been a treat tranquilizing of public life. When the ballot ha3 pronounced, everybody accepts the result. Those who make the most noise cannot impose on the people as they do in other countries; they are taken for what they are really worth. Adapted to a people fundamentally democratic, like the Swiss, the reterenuum is unquesuonauiy cue of the best forms of government ever attempted. It may bo thought good to modify it in accordance with the sugges' tions of experience, but there can never again be anv question of doing away with it. lion. C. Descurtins, National Councillor (corresponds to United States Senator) President Swiss Catholic Workingmen'i Association, delegate to 1897 International Congress for Labor Legislation. The prominent place which Switzerland occupies among European nations is more closely connected with her demo cratic form of government than would seem from a superficial view, If Switzerland is at the head of all European coun tries in labor leg islation and it anarchism has no where such small number of followers, diree legislation by the people is to be thanked. By it the working class can defend their just claims and be able to obtain the legitimate protection which is the best safeguard of social peace, Dr. Charles Borgeaud, Lecturer on Swiss Constitutional History in the University of uencva, author ot "Adoption and Amend ment of Constitutions, etc. In the world of thought, contemporary Switzerland has become an important ' Dver. Men have seen in the heart of Europe the rise and persistence of a democratic state, Buflicicntly large to furnish the world with an example which may be quoted with advantage, winch is being quoted every day. evidence is being furnished to socie ties which are profoundly moved by the spun oi modern progress. lhe Swiss peasant journeying to the next village in his Sunday garb to deposit his yes or "So in the urn at the school house, would shake his head incredulously if told that his act may have an interest for men outside of his own country, living far away beyond the mountains. Yet such is the case. The old historic nations are marching one after the other, or are pre paring to march toward democracy, like the columns of an army, slowly advancing into an unknown country. This peasant is A scout ot the advance guard of this army Democracy, as has been said, is more than a form of government; it is a state of society. It is a state toward which all con temporary nations are tending by a seem ingly inevitable law of evolution. Some have already reached it, and are making for themselves and for others the diilicult ex perunent of popular government. Others are inarching toward it more or less rap idly. Finally others are held back by the iorce oi tneir mediaeval traditions or by their imperfect civilization, but all are fa tally drawn on toward it by the conquests vi m-HMux- nun industry, oy me anninuaiion of space, by the diffusion of knowledge, by an that which constitutes modern progress, J. Solari, editor-in-chief of Le Precurseur, of Geneva, Switzerland. Direct legislation in Switzerland has the merit of clearness. It has freed the people from many obscurities directly maintained by the cantonal and federal governments sometimes by interested official and exag gerated suggestions. It has the merit of uniting within reason able limits the diverging tendencies of sep arate committees in a sound and mutual brotherhood. Jt tends to unite all classes on the same ' basis of physical, intellectual and moral cul ture without regard to past rank. It thus bears the first fruits of peace and social wel fare and of federal equality, the forerunner of individual equality. It ha9 the great merit of preventing, through its power of regulating wages, se rious labor wars collisions which are fruit ful of reactions and dangerous to public liberty. Finally it has the supreme merit of mak ing possible and feasible, through the voic ing of public opinion, an evolution, a devel- Nervous People. Nervous people not only suffer themselves but cause, more 1 J&, 1 vm iitjj iiuaci y wu everyone arounu them. They are Fretful, easily worried and therefore a worry to others. When everything annoys you; when your pulse beats ex cessively; when you are startled at the least unexpected sound, your nerves are in a bad state and should be promptly atten ded to. Nervousness is a ques tion of nutrition. Food for the nerves is what you need to put you right, and the best nerve food in the world is Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People. They give strength and tone to every nerve in the body, and make despondent,, easily irritated people feel that life has renewed its charms, here is proof: Miss Cora Watrous, the sixteen-year-old daughter of Mir. I. C. Watrons, of 61 Clarion St., Bradford, Pa., wa9 seized with a nervous disorder which threatened to end her life. Eminent physicians agreed the trouble was from impoverished blood, but failed to give relief. Mr. Watrous heard Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People were highly recommended for nervous disorders and gave them a trial. Before the first box had been taken the girl's condition improved. After using six boxes her appetite returned, the pain in her head ceased and she was stronger than ever before. "My daughter's life was saved by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People," said Mr9. Watrous. "Her condition was almost hopeless when she com menced taking them, but now she is strong and healthy. I cannot recommend these pills too highly." Bradford (Pa.) Lra. nost druggists are reliable. Some are not. A dealer tells you that he has "something just as good" as Or. iams Pink Pills for Pale People is unreliable. Insist on having the genuine. At all druggists, or sent postpaid bv the Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Schenectady, N.Y., on receipt of price, fifty cents per box;six ooxes, $2.50. 9 via j-'v j:A j 5t L illlilff tho Wil ,1 :!( HI:-' TV' A.T O 7 SI opment of humanitarian sentiment whose active realization lo-uay seems almost impossible. J Ion. .Jacques dross, orator and author. Direct legislation is not a principle far from if. It is an instrument, a manifesta tion, a means of peaceful revolu tion ; it is provis ional, the prelim inary to other re forms, the meth od for the com mon people. It is likely the chan nel for the devel opment of the social mind, the destruction of the old physical and moral society, a guide to the evo lution of evolu tions, the collec tive sovereignty, "the parliament of man. th fed eration of the world." It is a movinir bridge, a plank of safety by which we shall pass irotn tne wreck of the present to the Ann land of the future. It is the alnhabnt. of liberty put into the hands of onnresaAd slaves, the common school of a society yet in iuj uuancy. it 1 ,. V I Planting Nut Trees. There is no doubt that by a continual se lection of hardy sorts, saving and sowing the nuts from the most northerly trees, lit tle by little the hardiness would increase, carrying the northern limit further and further along. This has occurred in the ruse of the evergreen magnolia and the sweet gum of the South, also of other Southern trees. It has been found that when a tree is doubtfully hardy the North ern planter should get his seedlings as near home as possible. The peach from the far South, if raised from trees native to the Id eality for years, will not do as well in the far .North as trees from nearer home. And this holds good with the English walnut. This is proved in this way. There an in (Jermantown, Philadelphia, tret s of the En glish walnut, perhaps f() feet high, which were planted by those who first settled the town. These trees, besides that they are entirely hardy, produce nuts which give a race of hardy seedlings, hardy from the start, which is not the case with imported seed. The nuts imported from abroad pro-, duce seedlings which are liable to have their terminal buds killed in winter. This will occur for two three or four years, making the trees have a crooked main stem. After these first years have passed, the trees are not injured. This proves that in time trees adapt themselves to conditions surrounding them, as these old (Jennantown trees were probably brought direct from Germany or raised from nuts brought from there. The farmer of to-day thinks ho cannot wait for such a slow tree as the walnut, lie wants something like the apple and the pear, which will give him fruit in quicker time. Those old-going German settlers could wait longer than their children can, as even here, in Pennsylvania, there are but few of the trees planted to-day. There is many an acre lot bringing no revenue to-day which could 1m planted with profit with these trees. When they commence to bear, which is when they are about ten years old, they rarely miss a crop, and keep on thriving and bearing for 100 years or more. The planting distance for these trees should be about 50 feet, utilizing the space between them with plum or peach trees, until the walnuts require the Bpace. I5ut besides the orchard culture, there is room for single trees about the farm, which may as well be of something profitable, as the English wal nut certainly would be. Win. Saunders, United States Department of Agriculture. Tommy, atred 5. accompanied his father to church on cold Sabbath morning, and upon their return his mother asked If he could repeat the minister's text. " 'Course I can," replied the little fellow. "He tot un and rubbed his hands together and said, 'Many are cold, but few are frozen.' " Thiairo News.