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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
7 WHEN TO SPRAY. Profeaaor Card's necommndatlon For Apple Orchard. Profeuaor Card of Nebraska makes the following recommendation in a re cent bulletin : Spray with paris green, aa generally recommended, about one week after the blossoms fall or in time to get the cnlyx cups well filled with the poison so that they may close over and hold it there. Spray again with paria green and bordeaux mixture combined or with kerosene emulsion about June 1, or, better still, observe carefully and apply this when the eggs are being laid in abundance on the leaves. Scrape the bark and place paper bands around the tree about the last of June, when the larvse are beginning to leave the apple to pupate. Examine these two or three times, a week apart, and destroy the insects found beneath them. If these methods are not wholly effect ive, owing to the proximity of neglect ed orchards or from an unusual abun dance of moths, later spraying, with ei ther paris green and bordeaux mixture or kerosene emulsion, may do some good, but apparently cannot be expect ed to be wholly effective. Late spraying with arsenites is much more likely to injure the foliage than earlier applica tions. If larva? are still found in the apples in any considerable numbers toward the end of the season, place paper bands about the tree about Sept. 1 or a little earlier. Leave them there until the fruit is gathered from the orchard ; then remove and destroy the larvae hibernat ing beneath them. The Coming Bedding riant. The beautiful new Gloire de Lorraine has brought added popularity to bego nias, and the fibrous rooted perpetual flowering varieties, especially, are coming rapidly forward as bedding plants. When used for bedding, a mulch of good soil laid over their roots once or twice in the hottest part of the sum mer will help them greatly, especially S5 W'f'S' BKUONIA GLOIRE DE LORRAINE. during a drought. They are remarkably Beat and effective when grown in the garden, choosing those varieties with erect flowers, Gloire de Lorraine, Ver non weltoniensia and Duchess of Edin burgh being some of the best These plants do best in a half shaded situa tion, and a position partly shaded by a treo at a little distance suits them well, especially if in a moist spot. They are also very useful for edging borders of the larger tuberous rooted begonias or other plants. The dwarf flowering Begonia Gloire de Lorraine is also a charming little plant for slipping into a bowl. It has rounder leaves than the other varieties. The pretty flowers, too, in a rich shade of pink, are broad petaled and round, the whole plant being covered with them. This variety is .distinct in ap pearance and most attractive. Lily Blight and Ita Prevention. "The lily blight is the most serious fungous disease troubling lilies in America," says an authorityon the subject. "The fungous develops most destructively during moist periods, do ing little harm in dry seasons. It may attack any part of the plant from bulb to flower, but is most conspicuous upon the leaves, where by killing the tissues it causes reddish or rusty brown spots. These are small at first, but increase in size more or less rapidly, often involv . bur the entire leaf, and the slant is thus seriously weakened or destroyed. Mr. Horaford has found bordeaux mlxturo an effective preventive of the blight, and he sprays all his lilies with this mixture several times during the sum mer, beginning early in the season be fore the disease appears." Horticultural Brevities. Plants continue to bloom for a longer period if they are not allowed to pro duce seeds. The flowers should bo picked if possible as soon as they begin to fade. Stiff clay loam is unfavorable to the growth of good strawberries. Among black caps Talmer and Pio neer have proved good early yielders at the Geneva (N. Y.) station. We bed our azaleas out in summer under a lath screen along with tuberous begonias and other plants of that soit The plants are not taken from their pots. The latter are merely plunged, says Vick's Magazine. Lilium krameri, a beautiful large lily with delicately shaded pink petals, is one of the prettiest for garden cul ture, and succeeds very well indeed. According to the state entomologist of New York, there are 176 species of insects that are injurious to the apple trees just after they are in bloom. White arsenic, which is less expensive than paris green, is being much used in the place of the latter in spraying orchards. A Superb New Plum. Mr. Luther Burbank, the originator of a large number of new and noted plums which are being largely planted, pronounces the October Purple the best of them all, according to American Gardening, which quotes him thus in illustrating the fruit: "The October Purple is a splendid grower, ripens up its wood early to the tip, bears every season and fruits all over the old wood on spurs instead of away out on the OCTOBER PURPLE PLUM. branches, like many other kinds; fruit very large and uniform in size. It is a superb variety." The fruit is described as measuring a trifle over seven inches in circumfer ence and shows long keeping quality. The fruit is round in form, color a red dish purple, a little darker than the Bradshaw; flesh yellow, stone small and in quality superb. The tree is a strong, erect grower, forming a nice shapely bead, something like Abun dance in this respect. It is, however, a more symmetrical and shapely grower. Its season of ripening is about a month later than Abundance or Burbank, or from the middle to last of September. Its large, even size and beautiful color, late season in ripening, long keeping and superb quality will make it a very desirable variety for the garden or for the market A Uniform Apple Barrel. The Country Gentleman presents re marks mach before the Eastern New York Horticultural society by Mr. Charles Foster, in which occurs the fol lowing: Let me say that the time has come when our growers recognize the necessity of coming together on this question. Our barrel manufacturers are ready for the change, and there is to day no widespread opposition to legis lation that will place us in fair compe tition in the markets of this country and Europe with the larger barrel now in general use in the western states, Virginia, New England and Canada. What we desire is a package of the capacity of the flour barrel, which is 1 inches diameter of head, 29 inches stave and 64 inches bulge. There is nothing in our bill which precludes the use of new or secondhand flour barrels the former bo largely used in Virginia and the latter la New Ens land. THE INGRAM APPLE. Commercial OrchardUta of the Weat Have Taken It Up. One of the new apples that is deserv ing of general trial, especially in the central and southern states, is Ingram. It was originated by Martin Ingram of Green county, Mo., from seed of Ralls Genet (which if often called Geniton, t&), something- more than 25 years ago. It resembles that old favorite somewhat in both tree and fruit Like its parent, the tree doett not come into leaf and bloom so early as most apples, and is therefore not so often caught by late frosts. It is a regular, dependable " f UK INGRAM AITLE. bearer and makes a fine orchard tree. The fruit is of medium size and, in this respect, decidedly larger than the old variety. The figure shows the shape fairly. In shape it is oblate, conio and some what angular. The color is yellowish when fully ripe, covered well over with quite distinct red stripes and some mixed red of a duller color. Many speci mens are quite handsomely colored, and as they run the apples are decidedly superior in general appearance to the parent variety. The flavor is subacid and would be considered by the average person as very good eating. It is a late keeper so far as tested. In Missouri considerable orchards of Ingram are al ready planted and in bearing, and its popularity is steadily extending. The commercial orcbardists of the west are taking it up and as good authority as Professor II. E. Van Deman, in giving the foregoing illustrated mention of it in The Rural New Yorker, concludes by recommending others to try it, es pecially in the regions where Ben Davis and Winesap are popular. Flowering Bbrnba. Among the earliest are Daphne meze reum and the forsytbias, which bloom before putting forth leaves. Following these shrubs are the magnolias, the red bud or Judas tree, the hawthorns and the apple and the cherry among small trees. Some of the beet second early shrubs are the azalias, bush honeysuckle, Japan quince, double flowering plum, flow ering almond, lilacs in variety and the earlier spiraeas especially Van Houteii, prunifolia and thunbergii. A little later come the weigelias and mock orange (Philadelphus) and the Japanese Rosa rugosa. In late summer we have the late spiraeas as bumalda, billardi, callosa, etc. the smoke bush (Rhus cotinus) and, best of all for massing, the hardy hydrangea. fiRE YOU 171T1J US? .0'.'".. .f!l-.V. THE DEALER 13 AGAINST U3 fceeaeae we tell J wire feaee direct freaa Uti factory at wkeleaele prleee. The dealer dor not trtr yon a better fence than we oo, but be ohargoa you mora (or It. You can boy tue 9JU dlrmt from ui Junt m cheap ai the dealer ran. That make a oavtnv that will amount to ooiUiliig Ulutk A poatai card will bring you circular and price. ADVANCE FENCE COMPANY. 1204 Old Street, Peoria. III. lirel l'no barbed wire iVAia turnback. With our Utopia AaUmatln Machine you can wake lco lylnaof fonoeetthe rate of (0 rodHaday.thatwlUturneTery. thing eicepl wind and water. Maka a good hog fonce at Wo, per rod. lutiMt-proof feuce for nursvrloe.oiTlmnl. rto., at lta. fwrrod. A aplendld farm fence at Ho. perrodaud poultry feuoe atlDr. per rod. Every foot of It will pofltMMM the three leading featnrea of title ad, 1'lalu, eolledflpringand barbed wire to farmer at wholneale price, (lot our free catalogue before buying. Addruu, KITSaMAN KdoS.. Box US, Btfswllle, lai. 600 ACRES 13 GREENHOUSES. , !SftPLA? We offer a large and fine etock of every description of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Roses, Vines, Small Fruits, Hedge Plants, Green- house and Bedding Plants. Priced Catalogue Mailed Free. EitablUhed 1352. PHOENIX NURSERY COMPANY, 310 N. Park St. Bloomington, III. riuiwe mention till paper. .u ' , a. 1 WiHi- iAii'i 't-i-ilii iiL '.i.'ii! Ah F0I1 14 CENTS 3 VTewlih to Kiln thla year moilO H new ountoiuorit, and li.uge off or Jf 1 Vktr. 13 la RadlKh. Ion ill 1 Pkg. Karl Ripe Cabbage, loo 0 ft I KarlieHt Red Beet, LotiB Uiihtii'ff Cucumber Iimj Halter' Bent Lettuce, luo I California b ig Tomato, Soo x Kurly Dinner Onion, loo w Brilliant Flower tteudi. lio (9 Worth a 1.00, fort eeaU, 71X3 W AboTelOpkgs. worth 11.00, we will J? mail you free, together with our i great I'lant and Heed Catalogue (') upon receipt of thia nolle A 1 4c it pontage. VVn invite your trade and t know when you once try Nalzr'e ii ai-eilHyouwillneTor get along with- Jt !,. outtlinm. Onion Nerd UNr, and M T wOD it lb. lntaIAa mt Ut.Vti it M.i.Aulw' a lib!. Catalog alone 6o. No, llil i O 4011.1 1. KAI.ZKK NKKIt III., 1,4 t'KOMMK. WIN. J ... A " ' l1W lOVEii a mam ji'hickeiie hatched In our lnculwtor n. Our UK-page Illustrated eontalu dewription and tee oi perrect r and Hraedera aaade. -r Hailed on receipt of tc. inttampe. ' iii v i"" rar aena tor n et ouce. SWOI'LiClBATOB CO., Box 147, 0f MoJots, U. ' '' t.j'J'llat aeaiion. Our t '-atalogve eontali ' ' llateher Bad oooooooooooooooooooooooooooo O o o o o o o o S3 P SJ Tbat is the reenon why fartnere prefer the Keyntone Tmc-Btttr material, bettor fa mOJuatment, miter wwkmanthip. Wtton you buy a roll of b P b o P fC3 flVCJI ST.0 PEOHUJkt ILL Q3 0 Q QQ&Q 000.000000 OO OOOOOO 00 O. jroa know that U to ttraight. The wire are all the game length. It In eaey to pot np either on roogh or level lamL It adjusu Itself to uneven anrfacee. It etaya tight lxwauKe It baa perfect prnvlfdon for expansion and contraction. X wmafi u4rem mmed. Umm end f ttnrmtn-1. Our prloee are no higher than othors but we iit melt a tetter femes. No other kind of fencing material can compute with wowen wire fencing and therm iu0thert&veH wire fence am smkI i the HEl'HTfiNIO. On the market since 1880, Highly endorsed by thmw who have It in one. If your dealer does not keep It we will e that yon are aupplied. Write for large illustrated catalogue. o o o 0 o o o o o