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Wichita eagle. [volume] (Wichita, Kan.) 1886-1890, November 26, 1889, Image 7

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

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, vs3o :-&.,rs'g-
ife Wttfte Jailij gagfe: S&3 Stowing, ltam1 26, 1889:
-""" '
Their Terrible Crimes Recalled
by Arrests in Michigan.
The Officers of tho "Wolverine State Be
lieved They "Were Mrs. Bender and Her
Daughter Kate The Keal Benders Were
Undoubtedly Killed by Kansas TlgUantes.
"They have captured the Benders."
Onoe more this announcement Is made in
tho press. From 1873 to 18S0 it appeared
with curious regularity every few months;
then ceased to excite interest. But now
Deputy Sheriff L. P. Dick, of Labette county,
Kan., has actually taken two women from
Niles, Mich., and is confident they are Kate
Bender and her mother. The women have
been known as Lira. Almira Munro, alias
Griffiths, and her daughter, Airs. Sarah E.
Davis, and the charge was made against them
by Mrs. Albert McCann, of McPherson, Kan.,
whose father, John "W. Sandford, was one of
tho Benders' victims. There are many rea
sons for concluding that Mrs. McCann, tka
official, and the few who have identified the
prisoners are mistaken, as will appear by re
calling the main events of the crimes and
flight of the Benders.
Lato in 1S70, the northern part of Labette
county, Kansas, was rapidly "taken up" by
pre-emptors, and among these were the
Bender family, consisting of tho two parents,
eon and daughter. They kept a rude hotel in
a lovely little valo in the northwest part of
tho county and some six miles northeast of
Cherryvale, on the Leavenworth. Lawrence
and Galveston road. Lato In 1872 strange
rumors of missing peoplo floated about the
neighborhood, and young John Bender, who
peddled a sort of "oil for rheumatism" pre
pared by his sister, and posted bills announc
ing hor powers as a "healing medium," was
observed to take a deep interest in hearing
people's opinions on the matter.
Early in 1STJ, whoa tho ice in Drum creek
melted, tho mutilated corpse of a new comer
named Jones was found in the water; but it
could not bo certainly determined that he had
been murdered. Since December George "W.
Longcor and little daughter had been missed.
Finally, on the 9th of March, 1873, Dr. Will
iam EL York, of Independence, left Fort
Scott to ride homo, being well mounted and
having a little money. Neither he nor his
horse reached Independence, but he was
traced to within a mile or two of the Bender
farm. Inquiry now became very active, and
tho doctor's brother, Senator Edward York,
wont with n, party to the farm and minutely
searched all tho roads. Finding no traco
they advertised the disappearance of Dr.
York quite extensively. The next day, John
Bonder, Jr., was again in town, listening at
tentively to any group he saw talking on the
streets, and that was the last day he was ever
seen In Kansas.
Ono week later, a settler was riding by tht
Bender house and saw that it was deserted.
.-. o- iA-Vr
-,jZ "Tlj
BTrom Harper's Weekly of June 7, 1873.
Near by in a pen lay a calf just dead, and ths
quick eyo of tho farmer told him it had died
of thirst and hunger. Ho took in tho whols
situation at once tho Benders had left in
such husto that they had not released tho ani
mal; ho galloped to Cherryvale and in a few
hours a largo party w cro on the ground. In
doors they at lirst saw llttlo that was sus
picious, but ono neighbor called attention to
the fact that the Bendors plowed their orchard
much oftcner than ho thought necessary. It
is an amusing Illustration of tho ideas of tho
time and place that this man was the first tc
whom tho farmer had told of his discovery
as to the calf, and that tho first act of the
man who heard it was to gallop to the Bender
house and post on tho door, and at other
points around, a notico of "Homestead entry
on this abandoned claim." And ho got a
good titlo, too.
On his hint tho party took the iron tail rod
of a wagon and began to probe in tho or
chard. In a fow minutes they struck a grave.
More people were arriving all tho time.
Spades were hastily plied, and in a few min
utes a cor jso vi as raised.
"My God, it is Dr. York!"
Half scream, half cry, this was tho excla
mation of the noighbor. Before nightfall
there was a largo crowd. Before noon next
day at least 1,500 eoplo were on tho ground,
and thou tho corpse of Longcor was raised,
and doubled up with it was that of his once
lovely little girl. This was the climax. Tho
sight seemed to rouse the peoplo to unnatural
frenzy. Mad with rago they rushed on a
German named Brockniann, with whom tho
Biders h" 1 uvotl nhon thev fiivt arrived.
Priceless Blessing."
is the best remedy for Croup,
Whooping Couch. Hoarseness, and all
the sudden Throat and Lung Troubles
to which young people are subject.
Keep this medicine in the house. Hon.
C Edwards Lester, late U. S. Consul to
Italy, and author of various popular
works, writes :
"With all sorts of exposure, in all
sort of climates. I have never, to this
dav, had anv cold nor any affection of
the throat of lungs which did not yield
to Aver's Cherry Pectoral within -4
hours. Of course I have never allowed
mvself to be without this remedy in all
inv voases and travels. Under my
own observation, it has given relief to a
vast number of persons ; while in acute
cases of pulmonarv inflammation, such
ns croup and diphtheria in children, lilo
has been preserved through its effects.
I recommend its use in light and fre
quent does. Properly administered,
in accordance with your directions, it is
a priceless blessing hi any house."
rr.EPAr.En bt
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
Bold by all DrngiU. Trice $1 ; eix bottle, $5.
livers Oherry Pectoral,
and who was Tha otily Jma who "neigh
bored." with them. A rope was biwtflj knot
ted about ate neck, and ho was told to "con
fess, and that di quick." In hfe fright
the man forgot every word of EogBah. He
was rescued by the officials only after being
hanged three times.
Nine murders were proved on the Benders.
Every vestige of the house, stable and or
chard was taken away by relio hunters ; but
as far as proved the murderers were never
captured. There are men, however, about
Independence, who think they know just
where their bodies were buried. The an
nexed account of subsequent events, descrip
tion of the soene and Interview with Brock
mann Is from " Western Wilde," by J. H.
Beadle, who visited the place soon after the
"On the north and east rose those pictur
esque mounds which bo romantically diversify
this region. To the south and west the fer
tile prairie, now dotted with cultivated fields
or brilliant with rank grass and flowers,
spread as far as the eye could reach. Be
tween was a slight depression of perhaps two
square miles, and in the center of this happy
valley was the "BGSdta farm. If the spirit of
murder was there. It was certainly the love
liest form In which that dread spirit ever
stood revealed.
"No black and blasted heath, no dark wood
or lonely gorge, such as romance makes the
mute accessories of horrid crime; but the
billowy prairie, rising swell on swell, as if
the undulating ocean, changed to firm set
earth, stood fixed and motionless forever.
The house had stood in the center of this
vale, two mile from the nearest neighbor,
and commanding a view of all approaches
for that distance. But a few weeks had
passed since the murders were discovered,
and yet scarcely a vestige of house or stable
was left Visitors had carried them away
by splinters. Even the young trees in the
orchard had been dug up and removed.
"The excavation beneath the bouse, in
which the murderers had allowed their vic
tims to bleed before burial, still bore the hor
rid signs. The scant rains of summer had
not washed away the blood from its mar
gin. It was half full of purple water. In
tho orchard the graves remained just as left
when the bodies were removed. Nine bodies
wero found there, including that of a little
girl who was murdered and buried with her
father. They had been buried in all sorts of
positions. One man, in a round hole, lay
with his head directly between his feet. Mr.
Longcor lay with his little daughter between
his limbs.
"Besides these nine, thrco other missing
men were traced to the neighborhood, bring
ing the whole number of victims up to
twelve. Other murders have excited the
community, but none with such circum
stances of barbarity as these. It appeared,
from an examination of the house, that the
victim, when seated at the table, had his
back against a loose curtain which separated
the room in two apartments. Behind this
curtain stood the murderer, and, at a con
venient moment, dealt the unsuspecting guest
a deadly blow in the back of the head with a
huge hammer. Ho fell back, the trap door
was raised, his throat was cut, and he was
tumbled into the pit to lie till tho last drop
of gore had ebbed away. Thence he was
taken at night and buried in the orchard.
And these fiends incarnate, after this fearful
violation of the rites of hospitality and the
laws of God and man, went on with their
daily life ate and drank and slept, and
perhaps rejoiced and made merry, with that
dreadful pool, fast filling with the blood of
tbeir victims, just beneath their feet.
From Harper's Weekly of June 7, 1873.
"The nearest neighbor was a German,
named Brockmann, who was roughly treated
and narrowly escaped hanging by the mob
when tho murders were first discovered. The
account ho gave me of the family is curious
in tho extreme, though many of the details
are unfit for publication. The Benders, con
sisting of John Bender, Sr., his son John and
daughter Kate, and their mother, were from
tho Franco-German portion of Alsace, and
spoke both languages fluently as also the Eng
lish. Thej- had formerly lived In Illinois, but
came to Kansas in 1S70, and boarded some
time with Brockmann ; then made entry on
this piece of land. They were fanatical spir
itualists, and Kate Bender advertised as a
clairvoyant and healing medium. The young
man, her brother, who distributed her hand
bills arouud the country, was generally re
garded as a simpleton; his mother also seem
ed very dull, and rarely spoke.
"But Kate was the genius of the family.
She stated, in her moments of 'exaltation,'
that she was a 'saviour come again, but in
female form;' that she could raiso the dead.
but it would be wtoue to do so. She bad a
j 'familiar spirit' which directed all the move
ments of the family; and several persons
J visited and consulted her, either from curios
I ity or other motive. Before burial they muti
lated tho victims in on obscene and disgusting
manner. So thoroughly was this done that
when the body of Longcor was raised it was
at first supposed to be that of a woman.
"The excised portions of none of the bodies
were ever found, though the ground was
thoroughly searched; and among the few
j neighbors who knew anything of the family's
blasphemous incantations, there are dark and
' horrible hints as to tho disposition made of
theso pieces. Should wo accept the half that
is told by tho neighbors wo must conclude
that this was a family in whom every natural
impulse has beeu imbruted; that they be
lieved themselves in league with powers to
i whom they offered infernal sacrifices and
murdered for mere lust of blood. It is known
that, with ono exception, the victims had
i very little money, and that their spoils did
I not altogether exceed $E,500. One man was
known to have had bat t won ty-five cents.
I "Tho escape of tho Benders was long a
' great mystery. That a family of four per
sons could drive to tho nearest railroad sta-
' tiou, abandon their team there, take tho train
and escape all the officers and detectives set
upon their track, was incredible. Neverthe
less, that was the report of the local officials,
and the state of Kanras, apparently, made
creat xertions to recapture tho fugitives.
'Old Man Bender' became a standing joke;
every old vagabond In the country was sus
pected, numbers were .wrested, and the Utah
authorities actually sent a harmless old fana
tic, captured in the mountains, back to Kaa
sas for identification.
From Harper's Weekly of Juee 7, ISTi.
"But it was noticed that Kansas officials
wrsjathocldiffarenc.ontka.Tnhint ,d In
dv. wnen
fire.ib is useless to Hre yourself.
JdouV half op your toil can be
sAvoided by
It doesn't make us tired to tell about the merits of SAPOLIO. Thousands
of women in the United States thank us every hour of their lives for having
told them of SAPOLIO.
Its use saves many weary hours of toil in house-cleaning.
Grocers often substitute cheaper goods for SAPOLIO to make a better proEt.
Send back such articles, and insist upon having just what you ordered.
due time some of the facts leaked olit. There
have been sensational stories about tho posse
overtaking the fugitives in the groves west
of the Verdigris river, where a desperate
fight took plaie, in which both the women
were 'accidentally killed.' Without going
into particulars, it is safe to say that tho
Bender family 'ceased to breathe' soon after J
their flight, and that their carcasses rotted
beneath the soil of the state so scandalized by
their crimes."
Nov. 17 the riftleth Anniversary of the
First ferformmnce of His First Opora.
On the 17th of November, 18S9, was given
the first rendition of the first opera of Verdi,
namely "Oberto Conti dl San Bonlfazio,"
and the fiftieth anniversary of that event
has just been declared a national holiday in
Italy. The event naturally causes the publi
cation of many carious and some amusing
facts in the life and experience of the great
composer, for it is to bo remembered that
Verdi is honored in Italy not only as the
great native maestro type of the national
niusic, but also as the musician of patriotism.
Daring tho stormy period of Italy's struggle
towards nationality many a hard battle be
tween critics and politicians was fought
around Verdi 8 operas, and in one instance
that most ludicrous of all transitions took
place the scene of "Un Ballo in Moschera"
was transferred bodily to Boston, and the
piece was given as if it presented an experi
ence of the early Puritans.
Oiuseppa Verdi, son of an inn keeper, was
born at Rancola, in the duchy of Parma,
Oct. 9, 1814, and received his first lessons in
music from a rath
er commonplace or
ganist. The result
was that when he
applied for admis
sion to the conser
vatory be was re
fused on the ground
that he had "no
natural aptitude
for music" a ver
dict that seems
ludicrous enough
now. But this was
the least of tho (
haps and mishaps
of all seekers for
popularity in that VEBDI.
troubled time In Italy. It is not easy to pio
ture to young readers tho social and political
condition when Italy was divided into many
different states, all suspicious of each other
and all especially jealous of Sardinia, which
has sinco annexed all the others and thus es
tablished the kingdom of Italy. Art, science,
drama, pootry and everything else became
political, and even schools of music wore di
vided between "Guelph and Ghibelline."
Suffice it to state that after studying under
a private teaoher and literally conquering his
way into the conservatory, after becoming
chief of orchestra to the Philharmonic society
and composing many minor pieces, he at
length produced his first opera, which was
Tendered at La Soala, in Milan, and proved a
great success. But the blackest period of bi
life was yet to come. When entering on new
work, which promised profit as well as honor,
he was prostrated by sickness, and before his
recovery his wife and two children died.
Almost insane with grief, ho was long Inca
pacitated for work, but recovered at last and
entered on his brilliant career.
His widest known operas are "Nebucado
nosor," "Ernani," "Attila," "Macbeth,"
"Rigoletto," "II Trovatore," "La Traviata,"
"Otollo," "Giovannad'Arco," "Aidi" and the
much laughed about but justly celebrated
"Un Ballo in Moschera." Th ludicrous
features of it came about as follows:
It was written late in 1857, and the general
design was taken from the career of Gus
tavus HI, of Sweden. It was an era of gen
eral ferment in Italy, so the censor of Naples,
when it was to bo produced, declared that
the killing of a king in full view of a Naples
audience was not to be permitted. Verdi
hesitated as to making the desired changes,
but a sort of accommodation was arrived at
when, Jan. 13, 185S, ust as the first rehearsal
was in progress, the telegraph brought news
that Felice Orsini had tried to assassinate
Napoleon III. So the governmonta in Italy
declared that all king killing on the stage
was inciting to treason and could not be per
mitted I Tho people broke out into indignant
protests, and Verdi became almost a revolu
tionary hero. Then came Jucovacci, director
of the Apollo theatre at Rome, and engaged
to get tho opera produced there.
Some funny changes were made; the scene
was transferred from Sweden to Bosson in
colonial times. Instead of a king, the one
killed was Ricardo, the earl of Warwick,
governor of Boston 1 His attendants were
Puritans (in Italian costumes of the XTVth
century D, including two negroes, Sam and
Tom, who were leaders m the conspiracy!
As the victim was an English governor in
stead of a divinely appointed king, the cen
sor had not objected, and so the solid men of
Boston in the Seventeenth century were pre
sented as capering, singing and conspiring
atamaskedbslli It is scarcely necessary to
add that the original Italian version has pre
vailed sinco Italy became free.
The old age of Virdi has been quiet, ani
of late years he has almost ceased from mu
sical work.
A Sad Accident.
Judge You are charged, sir, with being
the leader of a party which hunted down and
lynched a horse thief. The days have gone
by when citizens of this great commonwealth
can thus take the law into their own hands,
hence your arrest. What have you to say!
Prominent Citizen I ain't guilty, jedge,
ni tell you bow it was. We caught the fel
ler and tied his hands and feet. Notkin'
wrong about that, was there, jedge?
"No; that was no doubt necessary."
"Wall, jedge, there was a storm comin' up
and we cooMnt spare him an umbrella very
welL-so we stood him under a tree. That
was all right, wasn't itP
"Wall, the clouds kept gatherin' an' the
wind was purty high, and we didn't want hfcn
blown away, so we tied a rope around his
neck and fastened the other end to the limb
above not tight, jedge, jest so as to hold him
and we left him standin' solid on his feet.
Nothin' wrens about that, was there!"
"Nothing at alL"1
"Then I kin be excused, c&n't IP
"But the man was found suspended fr-n
that tree and stone dead the next morning "
"None of us had anything to do with that.
jedga. Tou see, we left him stsndm' there in
gcod health and spirits, fer we give him all
he could drink when we said 'good-byf but,
you see, dunsg th night tks rain came up
an' I Vpse the -rope got, purty' "el and
. shrank a couple o' feet. That's how the Ead
acciaeni canosneo.
fiA Sfrhv &Mra
e&nWVmm iWSxSf
me wind blows your
the use of H&psE
The Macaw Xooked Aft, Saw a Vacancy
and Got Mad About It.
Tf Tiflniol. tho man of parrots in the-KIm-
ball house, made a queer deal yesterday. He
has lately received a very fine macaw, of
gorgeous plumage, and the bird has been
greatly admired.
But when one of the high muck-a-mucks-of
the Comaoehes was sauntering along the
street and espied him he became wild.
"How much footherP
"No wantee sellee fodder," replied the
dealer, in his blandest Chinee, not being able
to talk Comanche.
"How much red featherP repeated the
"No wantee sellee led fodder," again re
plied Mr. Daniel, feeling very much embar
rassed. "Quarter for red featherP
"Fifty centsP
Mr. Daniel shook his head.
"Give you dollar."
That was irresistible, and the dealer agreed.
"Quarter for blue feather," said the Co
manche. "Can't getee longeo 'thoutee blue fedder,"
said the dealer impatiently.
"Must have it Half a dollar."
"It's a go," said Mr. Daniel, recovering bis
English, and taking the macaw inside, he
carefully clipped off the two feathers and
handed them to the delighted Indian, who
threw down his two dollars and uttered a
suppressed war whoop as he strode off down
the street.
The macaw was so mad when he looked
around at his tail that he mutcered several
Brazilian cuss words, refused to speak to his
master and went to bed without his supper.
Atlanta Constitution.
And So "Wonder.
mv mimdond Dear me. It's most ex
traordinary. I can't find tho coat belonging
to my new suit.
Mrs. Smalley (his married sister) Why,
Bertie, was it that new English suit that was
sent home yesterday?
Mr. Slimdood Yes; it has aisappearea
most mysteriously.
Mrs. Smalley Nora, have you seen any
thing of Mr. Slimdood's new coat!
Nora Faith, that I hev, mum. The chil
dren do bees usin' it fer a checker board,
mum. Chicago America.
A cri cultural.
Hero is a late story, but a good one, from
lost week's cattle show. A lady was admiring
one of the fine, thick fleeced rams in the sheep
exhibit, and asked the rustio in charge:
"What does that sheep weigh?"
"About 2S0 pounds," replied the Ver
monter. "It isn't all wool then," said a bystander,
"No, of course not," replied the attendant.
"What," spoke up a third man in an en
tirely earnest tone; "is it part cotton J''
Boston Record.
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For Sale by all Druggists. Trice, fl.OO per
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Liver and Stomach mailed free. Address
Dr. J. H. Scheack & Son Philadelphia.
Big G has given uclvei
3a! satisfaction in tn
cure of Gonorrhoea and
Gleet. I prescribe it and
feel safe in re commend
in; it to all sufferer.
Decatur, lit.
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Photographers Supplies.
102 E. Douglas ayenue,
Saccssors to AEgio-Aisericaa Loan and
InTrtinat Ccnapan j.
Laud. Tian and Inscranw Azents. Mob t
' always era band. Interest at low rates. So
delay. Before mik'-Of a lean en Fann, City
, Chattel or Personal ?cnriry call and tw
er cirr urcDerrv- We handle lanr ataooEU
f cf totfc eastern aad forelipj cap tac Id
to maka rapid Aalta.
Ccrrenotdac soilritM.
H I 6iITES0y, 2cr.
II . LA'gottJiuWBHsttJWpfg
III r'-ft Z ?WotwB5BB3b
AT... TlL.i
2L IL Murdoch At Bro., Proprietors.
Printers, Mm, Publishers ani Blank Book Ml
All kinds of county, township and chool district rcorda and
blanks. Lertl blanks of tvery description. Complete stock of Ju
tlce's dockets and blanks. Job printing ot ail kinds. We bind law
and medical journals and magazine periodicals of all kinds at prices
as low as Chicago or New York and guarantee work -just as good,
Orders sent by mail will be carerully attended to. Address all dusI
ness communications to
R. P. MURDOCK, Business Manager.
Wiehita City
XumlMtu ts rsUswla rqHw Wzuai
IMPERIAL, High Patent; KETTLE-DRUM, Patent;
TALLY HO, Extra Fancy.
OFFICERS K". F. Niicdeelaitoer, Pres,; M. W. Levy, TreM
A. W. Oliyeb, Vice-Pres.; J. G. Rutjl, Sec'y-
Money Always on Hand to Loan on Farm and City Property.
Office in "Wichita National Bank, Wichita, Kansas.
Dry Goods, Notions and Furnishing Goods.
119 to 123 N. Topeka Ave., Wichita, Kan.
Complete stocks in ah dept's.
SWAB -:- & -:- GLOSSBR,
And Jobbers of Cassimeres, Worsteds and Tailors' Trimmings.
Chieago Yards, 35th and Iron sts. Chieago.
W. A SMITH, Salesman.
GEO. L PRATT & GEO. D. CROSS, Resident Partners,
Paid-up Capital, - - $500,000
Stockholders Liabitity, - - $1,000,000
LargM 1 Pia-up Capital ot amy B-Jc in tfc SUt of Kanaa
,T. ttTTXM
w.a. r
United States, County, Township, and Muni
cipal Bonds Bought and Soli
L. C. Jackson,
Successor to HACKER & JACKSON,
. Wholesale and Retail dealer in all kinds of
Anthracite and Bituminous Coal
-Ana all kinds of
M.in nfflr. 112 Sooth rourtn venue, Brancn office, 133
North 5a Yards connected with all ralUoada In tho city.
Globe Iron Works, Wichita, Kan
A. FLAGG-, Proprietor.
Going to Eaj. WH1
Mannf actorei all Hod of Machinery and Bofltn, Task aod Bhm? Iron Work.
PoDeya. JJhaf tic jc and Hangers, and All kisdi of catls maAt Vt oris:
Estimates tumUhtd on nil cLsjua ot work.
W. H. P027DA, Soperlntendtnt.
S.O. DATIOSOK. PnsHezx. . Jw- T- BAJ5COCS. -?tmZs.
Davidson Investment Comp'y
Paid-up Capital, $300,000,
$5,000,000 Loaned in Southern Kansas. Money Always on Hand
for Improved Farm and City Loans.
), wua C8ia EX aartXt azii lata SSrm aaa Omgim Arfc
Roller Mills.
- $100,000.
Lowest Jobbing Pricos guaranteed.
JOnH DER3T CaaUot.
fra r.wa.
Building Materlil.-
No tlliloa or cro b4
Frr.allt AtnoaBt of frictlos.
8u-n.cn uod erpwarirelj 15
to 25 pr ent tai-ia orw oj
automatic ao4 W M pre
cent OTfr aaj rfnil u4
ralv. magnn. OUH OUAll
AZTY U that It f more eco
nomical in fuelthaa asr aUgta
elide Talr enxtc bsilt, a&l
at 0 rrroads of $Vmm cuttisg
off at ) trok Jt will errj a
kd of 15 to 20 jTOnt gt
v tbaa any lsJ alkia nJ a
cjllcder 3gte LnllL Wa
Want lb & U Partia
jm vzz& tha to rxt.
4-w, .. aifcJyifcaArt wMUfafeA flJW1ffSJI ?!
4,ea-!- gj ' -4
xiS-t--a'-'-s-. '
j(h y

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