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t --"'" -s" v ft','5"'&a$sTt9Hvjj e-- 3. - - Kansas historical Society idiita January 13th Is the Great State Immigra tion Meeting at Wich ita. If you -want to get th latest news 12 hours ahead of the Kansaa City and St. Louis pa pers read the EAGLB. VOL XH jTO 45 WICHITA KANSAS, WEDNESDAY MOKNTSTG, JANUARY 8 1S90. WHOLE NO 1755 Eagli JWw (Sil??"3ggfaB r t& 123 to 127 N. It is calculated ttoat if every f;irl in "Wichita were to cnew a resh piece of gum every hour in the day the spruce forests of Main would not be exhausted for nineti -eight years. Ladies wraps and millinery will be sacrificed beyond any cut Bver made on these goods. You know we sell nothing but the best. In the dress goods the interest Is growing. Such values were never seen before. Madame Lig gett or Madame Smith will make those dress patterns for you. One line made complete, $15. MUNSON & (MM FORMER LOW PRICES GKE-XT and LEFT! X Nofc Lie it Ever "We are f igliting to "beat a backward sea son with Sledge Hammer Inducements and Unconquerable Persistency. We have Swung our Mighty "War Club of Determina tion; Drawn our Glistening Tomahawk of Destruction: Scalped Prices way below the Base of Destruction; Shot Penetrating Ar rows into every Department. Every hour in the days squads of bargain hunters are seen rushing to join the eager throng that is ever journeying to the busiest store in town. You want our bargains; "We want your patronage. Thus far our labors have been appreciated and rewarded. Don't forget that now is the time to buy Overcoa,ts,Heavy Suits, Underwear, Fur Caps and other Winter Goods, for we have Mark ed Them Down to Sell Quick. COLE & JONES, The One Price Clothiers, 20S, 210 and 212 "DOUGLAS AVENUE. WICHITA, KANSAS. HILL'S MESSAGE- Not an Advocate of tho Australian Bal lot System A Whack at Enemies, AU?a:cy. X. Y., Jan. 7. The general as sembly convened today and listened to the annual message from the Governor. In it he says of the Australian ballot system: "It does not follow, however, that be cause the Australian system seems to be well adapted to the governments of Aus tralia and England, and is superior to the system which previously existed there, it can be appropriately applied to our insti tutions without its material modification. To vest the greatest control and power of interference in the government is the ob ject of the laws of those countries, while the intent of ours is to confer upon the people the largest liberty nnd the greatest personal privileges consistent with the public welfaie. T recommend that provision be made for both otlicir.l and unofficial ballots. Grave oblectious exist to an exclusively of ficial ballots Seciecv of voting can be compelled just as well without it and suf ficient reason exists why it should lu iu eisted upon. There i, however, no objec tion to candidates being nominated by pe tition as well as by party conventions neither is there serious objections to hav ing ballots printed at public expense to be called official ballots and duly fur nished to the electors at the polhug places, thereby always insuring an abundance of ballots and enabhugr a person to become a candidate without expense to himself so far as tha cost of ballots is concerned; but unofficial ballots should be permitted also." The governor holds that it is unconstitu tional to require au elector to vote for the candidate ot his choice by making upon the exclusively official ballot n cross oppo site the name of such candidate and pro hibiting him from votiug in any other manner. This provision conceded disfran chises one ctas cf oters, to-wit: Tho-e wit .ire nna-! r il .md write. It es- uibii-L'N ! ,,,, " ' qualification not au'Lor.zi-d Li . j .iu uicu. Tho gOTernor ias hi- respects to those who have assailed him as au opponent of 'ballot reform" in the followiucr passajie: "The cause of true reform is not promoted I by loud declamation or by unseemly pro-J Main Street. One line made complete, $19.75. One line made complete, $25. Trading with us is all In your favor. Our January sale of embroider ies and torchon laces is now go ing on. At this sale you can buy from the finest to the cheapest em broideries and laces, all at from 25 to 40 per cent less than value. Don't come next week and expect the same prices as now. This sale is interesting. Even during the storm Monday we needed extra help in the embroid ery department. You may get a benefit too. MeNAMARA. Known in Free America! testations of attachment on tho part of its professed friends. Over-zealousness be comes suspicious in such ca-?es aud invites the conclusion that partisan advantage or cheap reputation is the object soucht rather than sincere anxiety for the public weal. Tnere is, unfortuuately, more or less selfishness, intolerance, fanaticism, ignorance and hypocrisy, which attach themselves to every reform movement, and electoral reform has not bpen without barnacles of these kind. Conspicuous among such apparent advocates but real obstructionists are men who have no sym pathy with universal suffrage, and who would restiict it if they could: doctrin aires who seek the public ear at every op portunity and. parrot like, repeat the cry for "ballot reform,' with no appreciation of the difficulties involved in its solution.' The governor favors the "regulation of the liquor traffic by just and equitable laws, rigidly enforced." INJURED IN HIAWATHA'S FIRE. Hiawatha, Kan., Jan. 7. Those injured seriously in yesterday's fire are: Fred Brooks, Hastings, Neb., wno jumped from a third story window, badly injured inter nally; J. 11. Eubner. of the firm of J. H. Eubner & Son, of Xew York, sight of one eye destroyed and seriously burned inter nally; and Walter Whelan, Hiawatha, throat aud lungs injured by inhaling flames. It is doubtful if Mr. Brooks will recover. There were about forty guests in the hotel at the time the fire was discov ered and thoy escaped iu their night cloth ing. All of their effects were destroyed. The total loss will reach 5,000. THOMAS LOSING GROUND. Columbus, O., Jan. 7. There is no ap parent change in the senatorial situation today further than the Bnce managers claim to be eaining strength. The friends of McMahon say they are gaining strength, and the opinion is expressed tuat he will be second in the nice and Thomas third. FIRE IN BRUSSELS. Brussels, Jan. 7. The theater and bourse were destroyed by fire this morn ing. Only the bare walls of the buildings remain. The firemen saved the Central hotel and other adiaceut bnildinirs and rescued the guests of the hoteL Xobodv was killed nor ws any oue injured. FOX I SON Closing Out Sale! Nothing but Cambric and thread more than cost Many lines way less than cost Black and colored silk reduced from $1.00 and $1.25 to 75c. Surah and China silk reduced from 50c to 43c. Silk plushes reduced from 39c to 25c Black dres3 goods reduced from $1 and $1.25 to 75c Broadcloths reduced from $1.50 to 60c Beautiful plaid dresB goods rebuced from 40c to 25c. Ginghams reduced from 8c to 5c, from 10c and 12c to 8c Canton flannels reduced from 12c to 9c and from 10c to Sjjfc. Hosiery reduced from 35c to 20c. Underwear reduced from 81 to 75c and from 40c to 23c each. Cloaks reduced from $5 to $2.50 and from 510 to S5. Plush cloaks reduced from $19.50 to $12.75 and from $25 to 15. It is not a question how cheap can we af ford to sell. We must sell at whatever price we can. Come. Cash House. 150 N. Main St. WANT EQUAL PEI7ILE&ES. A Parmere' Alliance Demands Elevator Sites of a Eailrcad. Atchison, Kan., Jan. 7. The war which is being made on the elevator and commis sion business by the farmers' alliance is coming to a focus. Tomorrow the repre sentatives of the Missouri Pacific Railway company will be granted a hearing before the Nebraska state board of transportation in opposition to a proposition to compel the company to set aside a site on the right of way of the road at Elmwood on the Crete branch for an elevator for the farm ers' alliance. The board has already made such an instruction and that question will come up tomorrow on motion for a rehearing. By private ar rangement the railroad company has given sites for two elevators at Eimwood. The alliance contends that anybody is entitled to the same privilege without question. So long as the matter is against the Mis souri Pacific, all the railroads in the state are interested in it. and will be represented by their superintendents and attorneys. The case attracts attention outside of Ne braska. If the alliance wins like demands will be made m Kansas and Missouri and other states for elevator privileges. The Elmwood alliance does not proposd to buv and sell grains, but only co store, clean and ship it. PAGAN POUND DEAD. South Oklahoma's Ex-Mayor Taken by Hearts Paralysis Items Special Dispatch to tUe Dally Eacle. Kingfisher, Ok., Jan, 7. F. F. Fagan, ex-mayor of South Oklahoma, was found dead in the office of A. W. Griffin Monday morning. A jury was impanelled and rendeied a verdict of death oy paralysis of the heart. The citizens purchased a fine casket and the remains were taken to Ok lahoma. The blizzard which has been blowiug for the last two days stopped this morning and the ground is covered with snow and sleet making everything look barren and bleak. A rousing Republican meeting was held tonight at Christy's hall to elect delegates to the Oklahoma City convention which meets January 17. JOHN GRASS AGAIN TALKS. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. Tho house In dians affaiia committee bad a delegation of Sioux chiefs who are visitinc the east before it today. John Grass, who was the chief spokesman, wanted the provisions of the Sioux commission agreement carried out and also asked indemnity for SiO ponies said to have been run off by General Terry a long while ago. Grass then made au earnest onslaught upon the pr.ictice of sending Indians to eastern schools. The Indian youth, he said, should be educated at sctiools on or near the leseivation. Few of the Indians could be sent to schools in the east to have any beneficial effect upon the great mass of Indians when they le turueil to the reservation after finishing their education in the east. .Moie Indians should be sent to reservation scnools and these schools should be improved. He wa asked if the Sioux sere yet ready to accept their lands in severalty. Ho replied that they were not and it would be about fifteen years before they would be leady. 0LAEK AMD MAGI2TNIS, Democratic Senators Elected by the Mon tana Legislature. IlELKN'A, lont., Jan. 7. The legislature met this morning in joint session. On the first ballot Clark and Magiunis were elect ed Democratic senators from "Montana by by a vote of 37 each. Hon. A. W. Clark, president of the late constitutional con vention of "Montana, is a well known banker and mine owner of Butte. Hon. F. Martin Maginnis has repeatedly repre sented Montana as a delegate in concres. GoveruorToole.it is said, will sign the certificate of their election bat Secretary of Ssate Rootwick will refuse official authentication and withhold the state seal. ANOTHER VICTIM OF WIRES. St. LOUIS. Mo., Jan. 7 Frank Mahon, a lineman, is another victim of the mur derous wires. He ias employed by the Missouri Electric Light company and was sent to the engine house yesterday to re pair a line that was out of order he went to the top of the house and soon alter the firemen heard a scream aud a cry otacony. Looking up they saw Matiou tangled in then ires. His whole body shook for a moment and then he was hurled off the roof down to the jard beneath. He alighted on a mass of bricks and rubbish. Tne firemen picked him up and took him to the dispensary. His injuries are fatal. SOUTH DAKOTA LEGISLATURE. PlEURE, S. V., Jan. 7 The legislature of South Dnkota convened this afternoon at 2 o'clock, lo0 of the 169 members being present Governor Mellette has postponed the presentation of his annual message till tomorrow. Economy in all its phases will be the strong point of the message. The prohibitionists have a stronc lobby present and will do their utmost to secure an iron-clad prohibitorj- law. THREE MEN KILLED Long Islaxd City, X. Y., Jan. S. Tne north wall of the old machine shops in the yard of the Long Island railroad depot in tnis city fell with a loud crash this morn ing, bnryinc three men under several tons of oriek. The aaen weru dead when taken out. WW BAR ASSOCIATION. THE STATE'S LAWYERS IN CON VENTION. Ex-Chief Justice Tliomas Ewing Meets Old Associates After Thirty Years. Eulogy in Memory of the Late Judge TJshr er, of Lawrence Several Other Addresses. Congress Petitioned by the Oklahoma Pan handle for a Separate Judicial, Dis trictInteresting Facts Concern ing Calcasieu Pass as a Deep Haibcr Point Western Gossip. TOFEEA, Kan., Jan. 7. The annual meeting of the stato bar association oc curred this evening in the senate cham ber of the capitoL The central figure of the evening was General Thomas Ewing the first chief justice of the Kansas su preme court. At this evening's session of the state bar he met for the first time in thirty years, his old associates on the Bench, ex-Justices L. D. Bailey and S. A. Kingman, both of whom are still resi dents of Kansas. Address were made by Judge Guthrie, of Topeka, on the powers and duties of judiciary; Judges King and Bailey and Judge J. O. Thatcher. A memorial address was made by A.Jj. "Will iams, of Topeka, on the late Judge Usher of Lawrence. General Ewing also made an address which was confined chiefly to reminiscences of an entertaining and in structive character. A JUDICIAL DISTRICT. The Citizens of Stillwater and "Vicinity Want Sepaxate Jurisdiction. Special Dispatch to the Dallr Easle. Stillwater, Ok., Jan. 7. A large and enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of Stillwater and surrounding country was held here Saturday afternoon for the pur pose of prepnucr and signing a memorial or petition to the committee on territories praying that the Springer bill be soarnend ed as to make a judicial district or county of the northeastern portion of Oklahoma. Mr. J K. Allen was elected chairman and J. W. Minfield secretary and speeches were made by Mayor Clark. Frank J. "Wikoff, B. C. Morris, Robert A, Lowry and others. A committee was appointed to draft a memorial and reported tho following-Tc the Hen. B. W. Perkins, 31. C, Washinc&ou, D. C.: Whereas, The pending bill before the committee on territories proposes to divide the territory of Oklahoma into four dis tricts or counties, which division will in evitably place us in the district of which Guthrie will be the county seat. Now, therefore, we, the people residing iu that portion of Oklahoma ei'.sfc of the Indian meridian and nortn or tne Cimar ron river most respectfully petition your self and your honorable committee to so amend said bill as to organize a county or or judicial district for the northeastern portion of Oklahoma with a seat of sov ernment at Stillwater, and iu support cf this our petition beg leave to submit the following facts: First The above described district com prises a ten ltory of almost ten congres sional townships', as thickly populated as central Km-j-ia. Second Thtj extreme distance from the northeast portion of said territory to Guthrie is fitty-three miles, and from the city or;St!llwnttjr forty miles oy the nearest traveled road. Third Th it the public highways are a9 yet UDWorketl and the Cimarron river, which iu goinc to Guthrie mast be crossed is unbndged and unbridgeable, is a sandy, treacherous stream, dangerous t all sea sons of the year and much of the time en tirely impassable, and we have no way of reaching Guthrie exceot bv the overland trail with bacons and trains. Fourth That the city of Stillwater has an actual population of over 500 people, and is 'be only town in tho district above described. Fifth We hereivith submit the petition of 3"i3 bona fide aettlers and claim Holders of the abend described district praying that thfse requests may be considered by your honorable body. Done in mass convention at the city o Stillwater, O. T., Jan 1, 1690. J. 1C. Allen", Chairman. J. W. MURIFIELD, Secretary. The report of the convention was unani mously adopted and bicned by 35s bona fide settlers ot the Pan Handle. The city council iu special session adopt ed the lollowing preamble and resolu- Whereas. The city of Stillwater. I. T., is the larL-eut ami onlv commercial center in Oklahoma. cflt of tht Atchison. Toneka. . i: Santa Fe railroad; and Whereas That portion of Oklahoma ly ing east of the Indian meridian comprises a teriitory of over ten couresiioual town ships as thickly populated as any portion of Oklahoma: and Whprcji. t tif hill nt nrpsenfc Kndpr frm- siderauon before the congress of the Uni- i ted i:ttes umformlv propose to pines the afore described district in the judicial dis trict or county of wnicn the city of Guth rie wil be the scat of government; and Whereas, The distance trom this city to Guthrie is forty mile, and the extreme distance from the northeast portion of the above described district is fifty-three miles; and Whereas, The Ctmrnarron river which separates the whole of said territory from other portions cf Okla! oma is by nature desigued as a local boundary: and Whereas, Lying on terntorv. auu uetween the north of said ! itaDd the reserva- J tions of tte Pawnee, Otoe and Pinca Iu d an tubes, are two tiers of congressional townships, which must, upon the oDemnj; ot the strip, be attached to the said terri tory for county and judicial purposes, thus making an entire cou-'ty in almost square form' containing over eignteen con gressional townships, and having for its boundaries the Pawnee, tne Otoe and Pouca reservations on the north, the In dian mendan on the west, the Cimmaron on the south and the Pawnee reservation on the east, with the city ot Sti.lwater in the center thereof; therefore be it Resolved, By the mayor and city coun cil cf tne city ot fcullwater, L T , That it is the universal desire and sentiment of the peopie of the city cf Stillwater, and the surrounlmg country that congress ssould recognize these requests of Ameri can citizens by making a separate judicial district of the above described territory, and by designating Stillwater me seat of government thereof; and be it further Resolved, That a copy of these resolu tions be sent to Hon. B. W. Perkins mem ber of congress, and tat to them be attacn ed the petition of the fanners &sd bona fide c'aim holders of the Oklahoma Pan handle. KANSAS DAIRYMEN MEET. TOPEKA, Kan., Jan 7. The Stat Dairy men's association is in session here with a fair attcadaace. At last aisat's siioa i the butter Talne of milk was discussed at length. Today the discussion will be con fined to the dairy and creamery interests of Kansas. J. E. Nissley, of Abilene, addressed the meeting this evening on the question, "Will the Creamery Interests of Kansas be Overdone?" CODIFYINGTHE STATE LAWS. Topeka, Kan., Jan. 7. The members of the committee appointed by the state sen ate a year ago to complete and codify the laws relating to the Dower and duties of the various state officers are in the city and entered upon their duties today. P. P. Harkness, of Clay Center is chairman of the committee and the other members are Senator T. B. Murdock of El Dorado, Senator Joel Moody of Mound City, Sena tor M. C. Kelly of Crawford county and Senator C. H. Kimball of Labette. DEEP WATER Off THE GULP. Calcasieu Paver and Pass The Harbor at Leesville Cereals and Traits. Special Correspondence to the DaUv Earie Lake Charles. La., Jan. -L In my last I tried to tell you something about Sabine Pass. Xow I am on the Calcasieu river in Louisiana; but these rivers flow parallel and are so near as to make what interests either of a good deal of interest to Kansas as deep water points, and ought to be of especial interest to Wichita, as a railroad is in contemplation and projected from this point to your city, of which I will say something hereafter. CALCASIEU RIVER AXD TASS. The river is about 1,300 feet wide and is navigable for about 125 miles. Prior to the construction of railroads it was largely used for the transportation of cotton to the sea at Leesville and thence by sailing vessels to the cotton markets. It was also then the only outlet for the valuable pines which line its banks and extend in large areas in different directions. From tho town of Lake Charles to the sea is about fifty miles. This town is sit uated on the lake of that name, a small but beautiful sheet of water. From twelve to fifteen miles below here, the river enters Calcasieu lake, which is eighteen miles long by twelve miles as its greatest width. At the lower end of this lako our boat entered what is called the "canal," which is a narrow chute con structed by the government to confine and deepen the channeL It is a system of pil ing in rows on either side like fence posts and planked with heavy planks, appar ently three inches in thickness. This channel was then dredged and the dirt placed outside this planking, so as to form artificial river banks and force the water through. Most of these banks have been swept away, but in places they are still in tact and grown over with grass. This canal is from one to two miles long. Thence to the sea by the windiugs of the river, perhaps seven or eight miles further the river is comparatively narrow, or about its usual width above, and would afford shelter for an incalcuable amount of shipping. At Leesville there is n custom house. Assistant Engineer Thomas L. Raymond, in 13SG: "Calcasieu Pass, the outlet of Lake Calcasieu, is something over seven miles in length, with an average with or 600 feet and a good channel sixteen feet deep for the greater part of this distance, inter rupted by oyster reefs about four miles from the gulf. Neither time nor oppor tunity was had for current observation during the examinations, but as in all similarly situated waters, currents of from two and a half to three miles per hour are produced by the head of water remaining in the lake when the gulf level is suddenly lowered by the action of the wind and tidal causes. These currents when con fined sufficiently in tho pass, have pro duced depths as great as twentj'-five feet." The same engineer says of this harbor: "The slope in the gulf beyond the twelve feet depth is about one foot in 250, giving a depth of eighteen feet at a distance of one and a half miles from shore." At less than $50,000 has been appropri ated for Calcasieu Pass; intellicent men here insist that with any reasonable aid by the government, deep water can be se cured here. The objection raised by tho board of engineers to Sabine Pass, that the land was too low for habitation except upon rio"ges, has no existence here. Xearly all alon the pass, clear out to the sea, the land is high, with here and there a marsh, but immediately at the sea it is high upon both sides, orange orchards growing almost up to its entrance at the gulf. AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES. The backward tendency of this country on agriculture and indeed on all other industries is best illustrated by the fact that within seven or eight years a com pany purchased from the state and from smaller holders more than 2,000.000 acres of land, but this company has induced a large immigration here, pnncipallv from Iowa. Ihis weeic I visited Ilawkeye ranche, twenty-two miles northeast of this place, and spent a night with Mr Prentus, one of the principal proprietors. There were tnrre fine tarm houses, with all tn i machinery for extensive farming. Their . ousines- was nriiicip-tiiy rice growing. Several Several nanas were raising levees. preparatory to spring work. Mr Preotm informed me that last year he cultivated tO acres of rice which produced over ,000 iu value at about tho same labor asraii:ic eighty acres of whertt. 'ibe averace what crop would not have brought over 51.000. iu this settlement tnere are about cJM iowa people, embracinc the little station called loa. Corn as well as nee is said to pro duce well and considerable cotton is grown. Oranges, plum", fis, peaches And a 1 kinds of fruits. Accepting an invita tion 1 visited the Watkins fruit farm, six mile-, out from the town of Lake Charles. Thtrra 1 found twenty aen- in plum?, Bartlett pears, peacne- and quinces. Tnte are only 3 years old oat the peacnes bore a small crop thn cir. aw Bartlett near slips of last spring's cuttmes which wre eigbt feet in height, and such grapes from Inst spring cuttings I never w'it- ne-ed even in sunny Kan-s. Fim were growmc also from slip of last spring in great luxuriance u-ics, lvcicn were sown in ."November, wert- leep green and will b re-dy tocut in Ayru. Tbe winter u the the time for oats to prow. The tables are decorated with flowers. and rad ishes, lettuce and other salads are frcn from the gardens, oranges fir the table of the wedding, and orange rlower for bridal wreatcs can be plucked from the jame tree. a sulphct: well. Twelve miles west of Lake Charles a sulpnur mine of great puntr has teen dii- j covered and various eflorts have been made to improve it without complete mnc cess. In efforts to find oil, several wells were sunk, all striking sulphur. At a depth of 412 feet begins sulphur reck 123 ' feet m thickness. Tht" is intermitted with stone, the pure curvst-a-lized uipacr being about seven ftet thick at tte btst point, beven weils bare been put down, denion straUns that the sulphur covers ca are of about ten acres. One well stmck oil of s-nlendid lnbncatinrr cnasliliM and it h been used here on machinery for a conid-1 A GREAT STOCK COrTTTET. Of courst: this is a. cattle country. All these prairie lands, as well s the swinp lands, furnish range for cattle. In Kan sas wt bear of places where cxt'.la lire NEGRO EMIGRATION. SENATOR 3I0RGAX ADVOCATES THE MOVEMENT. ' Any Feasible Plan Looking to That End favored by the Ala bama Senator. Rose-Colored Pictures of rutoxa Prosperity in. the Free States of the Goaso. The Small Chance for Ambitious Colored Men in America Senator Plumb's Oklahoma Town Site Bill Dis cussed in Committee Propo sition to Stop the Sinking Pund Capital 2Totes, Washington", Jnn. 7. Among the bills presented aud referred was one by Mr. Faulkner, to provide for a world's exposi tion at the national capital in 1S02. Mr. Harris, in the absenco of Mr. Beck and in his name, introduced a bill to sus pend the operation of the sinking fund laws until a further order of congress. Referred to the finance committee. Mr. Voorhees offereu a preamble and resolution reciting the newspaper report that Mr. Chambers, the United States dis trict attorney at Indianapolis, had inter fered in his official capacity to prevent the arrest of W. W. Dudley ou a charge of feloniously violating tho elec tion laws of Indiana at the la-t presidential election and directing tho attorney gener al to report what instructions the depart ment of justice had Issued to Chambers on the subject and to furnish copies of corre spondence. He asked that the resolution go over until tomorrow when he would submit some remarks upon it. Mr. Edmunds That is right. I am in favor of the substance of it. The resolu tion went over. Mr. Morgan proceeded to address the senate on the subject of the bill heretofore introduced by Mr. Butler to provide for the emigration of persons of color from the southern states. He said that when Mr. Windom was a member of the senate he had advocated a proposition for voluntary euiigratiou of the colored people. He (Mr. Morgan) was then in fu ror of that policy and was still in favor ot any plan that could be devised to meet the evil. He had reached the conclusion that there was a uatural incongruity and an ir repressible conflict between the races which nothing could cure except their tinal separation. 1 he return of the negro race to Africa was the final and only solution to the problem. It was undeniable that the aversion between the two races had gioatly increased since .slavery had been abolished. And it would increase so long as a largo portion of the population was of the African race. Experience"" would not permit the statement that such feel ing of aversion existed only in the south. It was not so intense in the south as it was iu tho north. It was not so strong between the negro and his former master .is it is between the negro and those who never owned slaves. Separa tion of the races was the only thing that would ex;ingui-.h race aversions. In Africa (which was prepared for the negro as certainly as the Garden of Eden was prepared lor Adam and Eve) tho negro could grow up to the full measure of his destiny. In tne Congo basin were found the best types of the African race and the American negro would find their a fact for their efforts. There were grand possibili ties there for the American negro aud if they were so kind to their hi others in Africa as the people in this country had been them, slavery, Mr. Morgan, would be abolished in Centrnl Africa. If the work was left to the whites it would bo a .slow process. But the American negro could accomplish it if he dvelt among these people. In mimming up his speech Mr. Morgan pointed to the fact that the negro had no chance to n-e in this country. There were no negro batik presi dents, no negro railroad president, no negro preside-ts of manufacturing, com mercial, mining or navigation compinies, no negro directors, cashiers or tellers in banks, no negro engineers or conductors on railroads, no negro state or federal judges, no negro governor of a state or ter ritory, no negro iu any northern legula ture, no negro representative in either house of congress from any northern suite. The negro's entire field of endeavor wai limited to political exploits, and this field t as occupied with little benefit to hinu'df and with great injury to others. Political influence would never lift the negro nice in the country above Its present level. On the contrary. the friction and collision caused by the negro in the use of the ballot would create mor and more envy against the negro raca. He (Mr. Morgan) looked forward to the es tablishment of a free republican overn- me nt in the Congo reeion by the influence ot American .,.-.-.t..,- ...i. .....i.i i., ..... I tr;.. v:",:"ru .rrir l"i. l""Z," , 2 u""u. J',, 1 1""1.' " . .? ,9 mitfe on foreign relations. But he should ln,lnl 1n th. hnn thai ,. nUn l.tt..r ),,. his would be found to facilitate Hie work I fr,h7,n.rlh .ntHnr nf rn, r I A(m I by inducing the 8,000 COO of negroes in tnls countrv to contnniue tnlr strencta. knowledge and Christianity to tuat work. A message from the preidtnt in rew tlon to the claim of the widow of John II. Paul, a German nbject, noising out of his death In Wilmington, X. C , and recommending an appropriation of 15,000 was presuted to tbe senate and referred. After an executive session tne satiate adjourned. DEALEES IK TOBACCO- Host of Them Want Heavy Datjaad In ternal Serenas Aboliaii&d. WAHrGTOK, Jan. 7. Th-re were but four winter of tbe committer on way and meant prefe-nt this morning wben F. A. Schro;der, of New York, befjin to d-dr-ss the comnuti'-e oa th nbject of to-b-jcco. He advoud a uniform dnty on Jeaf tobacco of ' cnts a pound, exactly what itwa prior to 5SS5, when tbe specific ratj of dutj wer adopted J. S. Van Duzn, of Elmira, N. Y . ak! th.it eTrybody realized liwl Mnothing j rnnt be done to help the American farer. In time past tbfy bad found profit in raising leaf tobacco. Now that itxlu!ry j was threatened. Today there i no ioor j k demand for Amenca-grown wrapper j tobacco. It hts been, replaced by the j .uui...!.;, j,,,,-, 5Jr ! inferior in flavor. There no profit ia w" PZ .V "'I T a ,1 L i , . , . ,,.. i Utat it bd Qtn rtty ujKJer the ralr to growmg tobacco here If tbe wrapper wr. eooM tbc ,rorkr, tJr Mn ,,,, not to be protected, for ia the wrappr i tniiQC, d by KorstAtiv Ad-ou. Ac was all of the profit. i conJingty Cbiran HJtt wM athortid James Lrtfrur represatd tho hw S appnt tcb-oKaraitt? of fire nvsi York leaf uA-uxo board of trarfe. He j i, w ti'Mez Di report upoa the biCL reTenoe tix rfrpeaJ"L Tae yMm nhoaid b oomoletely wsp-d out. For tw.nty ! from ieiling to whom they pkied beexo-w to do ceo could not be sold to aay pron ; wno did cot h.Te Ileeae. Tbr board found tht it Injured doUers and tfcey wanted the law mled. The dcr mak- en were Jo ia lavor cf tbe repeal. A uaifora duty cf 23 cau per paozd wa wanted on all Import tobacco. The board meeting yesterday wai in favor of free to bacco, but as there was a desire not to ask for anything that would injure the farmer, it was decided to ask for a uniform duty of 35 per cent. If that rat would not protect the farmer, no rate of duty would do so There should lie no difference in duty on wrappers and Sllers. Sumatra wrappers and fillers would be imported regardless of duty. Three dollars per pound would not be pro hibitory. The American farmer could not grow Sumatra wrappers. Some manufac turers would import Sumatra tobacco and others would be forced to do so. Smokers looked for the imported stamp on clears and if that was not there they would not buy the best American cigars, while ths biggest trash made in Cuba would bo eagerly bought if it only had tho stamp affixed. Frank R. DiiTenderfer, secretary of tha PeuusIvania Tob.icco Growers' associa tion, wanted a prohibitory duty on foreign wrappers Mr. L. H. Neudecker, of the Baltimore tobacco board of trade, said tbo&j he rep resented wanted the iuternal revenue laws repealed. They did uot want tax reduced. G. M. Trader, of Atlanta, Ga.. and Dan ville Vii., also un;ed wiping out of the in ternal revenue sysiem and wauled it dona quickly. Mr. Moses Crone, a manufacturer ot Cincinnati, argued that the iuternal rev enue system shouid tie retained. Mr. Hopkins, repreentiujr manufac turers of Detroit, also wanted the syntem retained He advocated the reduction of tax to 2 cents a pound and the repeal of all restrictions upon the saTebf" tobacco by all producers. Robert Stewart, secretary of the Balti more tobacco board of trade, urged tha total abolition of the system. Adjourned. TES SIMKC- PUND. Senator Peck's Bill to Suspend Laxa Pro viding' for the Same. Washington", Jan. 7. Tho bill Intro duced in the senate toilay by Mr. Harm for Mr. Beck to suspend operations of tha sinking fund :s as follows Whereas, Congress Is officially advised that the total outstanding bonded debt of the United States amounted to $751,163,400 on the 31st day of December. 1SS9, of which S12l.SG7.7W) bearing 4! par crut interest ii payable Septeruler 1. 100, and the remain ing ?C2l, 795,700 bearing 4 percent interest, is uot payable until July 1, 1S!W, and con gress is further advised that thero la now iu the treasury of the United States a sum more tuau mi Indent to pay off all of the 4lj per cent due iu 1S91 aud that the surplus revenue collected for the lical year lSS'J oxc. edel the ordinary expendi tures of the Kovertiment $105,000,000 aud for the year lb!K) tho surplus is estimated at JS2.C00.000 aud. Whereas, it appears from tho official statement that the public debt ha.t been reduced $71G,S17,S19 in excess of tho rt nuirenients of the slnkinu fund up to June 30. IcOO, and that thero i now (40.U3D, S52 deposited without Interest in national bank depositories and 33l,0u,l,K'9 moro have been paid an premiums, being now 27 per cent ou outstnudiug 4 per centa; aud Whereas, The maintainance of taxation by law to provide further for a aluking fund under such circumstances U urd! aud therefore a wrongful burden upou tho people; therefore Be it xuacted, by the senate and house of representatives of the United States cf America in congress assembled. That ah laws and parts of laws providing for a sinking fund for the payment of the prin cipal of the bond of the United State, bo and they are hereby suspended until fur ther order of congress. SEKATOB PLUMB'S BLLL- Tho Public Land Oommittco Discusses Hia Oklahoma Town Site Scheme. Waphinotok, Jan. 7. Tho special meet ing of the public land committee today was devoted wholly to tho consideration of Senator Plumb's Oklahoma Uwn tt bill. The effort to perfect the measure was not concluded when the hour for the meeting of tho senate arrived, aud the committee ndjourned uutil Friday. The committee on jxntions ordered fn vorable report upon the following bill: To repeal so much of M-ction 4IW3, revised statutes, as provides that no claim of a state militiaman for pension on account of disability from wouudHorlnjurlos received iu battle with rebels or Indian, while tem porarily rendering services, bht.II b valid uuiess prosecuted to a huccewiful Urftie prior to Juiy 1, 174. house'procTeoings. Washington', Jan. 7" On motion of Mr. Carlisle, of Kentucky, actinic under In Ktructionh from the committer on rulen, a resolution rnn udopted providing for th appointment of two additional member on the committee on commerce. Mr. McComas. of Maryland, offer-d a resolution that the bouj rewalve Jtwlf into a committee of the whole for the con sideration of tu District of Columbia ap propriation bill, tbe commtttii-e to b gov. ernrd by the rulei of tot iwt congrcs. Mr Breckinridge r-lfced the question of consideration namnttt the resolution. Tho speaker ruled that tho question of conslel era'iou cuiild not berated niMlnut lb r- &rH oinnon bec the moiut,o w in t. ...nrr of motion recuuttoff the bu-1- Df?? the botn ..,aV-i Mr. Carlisle VlKOfOUsly attacked tha J , 9 .l, ,u .v.. ,. . ..! The decUtOO Vf tbf pWCkT Wi BMUln- ed br ft TOtJ of Jrw W5 n ltA- STATE DINNER AT THE VHITL HOUSE. Washijsgto. Jan. 7. The president and Mrs. Harnsoo gave their first !: djnnir tonight In honor of Vic-Pretolcnt wd Mr. MorUm and tbe membra of tlm ewb inet and ibelr wiv. The floral tl-norn-tloos wer uauuailr elaborate and lrt& tifnL The .Mriue band, under Um dtrt-etkfi of Prof. ?ouu. w ntnUonod la th nvin oorrwlor and dunne lkn prgrw of the dinner r:iHlerl -verl eht m lection. 1 b present sxrtf Mr. Morton and th v1c-orWt.nt Mr. Ilr moit. Td- othT tf iiet wn) the wertary ut UK tbe Vfcretrtry of W treBry Mm. WlosiOfn. tbe fcecrrlrj of war. ias attorney z-nen.1 ud Mr. Mailer, t pottuta4r Ketw-ra! ud X We-i:ir, We Het-ry ol ih nvy od Mrt Trmcy, lb scretarT of ta it-rior od Mr. Noble, tte u-crewrr of xzrentnx ml Airs. Kaj-k, b pKer of Um- bo i Mr. tWtd, lrt-t aftHd. 58ir mm! Mr. bfieraic. rMir td Mn CItnil, Senator od Mr. H. Ho J 0. Car lisw find Mr C-rlfci. H Cmlkij h. IJij mmS Mr. BiUm. He Ranii-il. 3!xj. Lo2. .Mr. Cbaodler, M. lioory U. Dvies, Mr. MeK- THE VOat-DS FAW BH.L. W .umiTMrrox, Jn. 7 Tne- les oem mtttce on torwin afllr b4d Its fit mUa ul.i . Af tr sotns Iictjile ap- .k,., . 4,4i.- if HJrfw4 TVO NOMINATIONS- ! WAiii5t-iciir- Jan. 7 Th artKst ot tb following aomts:i ! O -' t tcdy. Jaa Irra ii. Xttirr, Iowa, to r CnlVea in jrs imr cp ouibra duulct of Iw (10 errct rrr la amsj. interior. Everett W. Prw be agent fcr it Iadias at Ut Ysfctoa ajeatfj.