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ONLY $1.00 per Year. People's Voice. ISSUED WEEKLY, I1T TWO SIDOTIOITS. tuesday I FIRST WITH i By LYMAN NAUQLE. fU War With Glass Legislation and Mal-Administratlon. VOLUME X. Established August 26, 1690. WELLINGTON, KANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 7, iSqq.-FIRST SECTION. NUMBER io. You can have any Felt Shoe or Slipper in our stock at just what it cost us. Buttrey's. TERMS CASH. ) By W. E. WOOD, County Clerk. ( One of the principal items of the annual statement of expenditures of Sumner county is that of the cost of builnioy antl keeping in repair county bridges. The history of these artific ial highways of travel in this county, if Compiled, would comprise at least one p.; (I sized volume. In the early days of the county sever:) public ferries over various 8treii':.a v.erc maintained by private Individuals. Iu'-reas.-d trafflj neces sitat'd better facilities for travel and in 1872 i lie first bridge built in Sumner county was erected over the Arkansas river east of Oxford. This bridge was not built bv the county, but by Oxford township bv voting $10,000 in township bonds, In 1877 high waters destroyed the structure a:.d it was supplanted by a pontoon bridge until 1884, when the county erected a pile structure ou the site of the present bridge. The board of county commissioners iu October, 1877, wanted a license to Belle Plaiue township to bu:ld and niaiuiafh a toll bridge across the Ninnescah river south of Belle Plaine, which was leased to the county in 1880 for a period often years; daring this time the bridge was practically rebuilt by the county and in 1893 was donated to the county. The first bridge built outright hy the county was the present pile struc ture, now in process of reconstruction, across the Arkansas river west of Mulvane. This was the beginning in tliis county of the bridge building indus try which has been continued with varying activity until the pnsent time. Sumner county Is now the possessor of Dfty bridges, including those con tracted for, the original cost of which has been 8115,865. In the construction of seven of these the additional sum of $5,350 was coatributed by private individuals who were particularly in terested in the building of the same; add to this an estimated expenditure of at least $25,000 for thecost of re pairs and we rind that the people of this county have expeuded 9146,215 on bridges, not including the expendi tures by townships for this purpose. The bridge across the Ninnescah Tiver west of Belle Plaiue, besides being the most ill fated, has also proven the m ist expensive, the sum of 11,919.90 having been expended thereon; the original cost of building in 1886 was $6,849. In 1888 the struc ture from some unexplained cause took a "header" into the bed of the river and $3,500 was the price of restoring the sarue. Just ten years afterward a yuutnful cycioue loved with it for a moment aud the county was called upon for an additional ap propriation of $1,570.90 to replace the unlucky coucero. While undergoing restoration for the second time it made a third but only partially suc cessful attempt to pluDge into the waters of the Ninnescah. The numerous misfortunes attend ing this particularly ill-starred bridge can readily be accounted for by per sons of a superstitious turn of mind when it is known that this is the thirteenth bridge constructed io the county. Five bridges other than the one just described have cost upwards of $5,000, notably the Arkansas river bridge eat of Oxford, upon which the count; has expended $9,060; the Nin nescah river bridge at Zvba, the con tract price for which was $6,979, and the bridge over the Arkansas river west of Mulvane, when repairs now being made are completed, will have cost to exceed $5,000. The most of these bridges were con tracted fur during the palmiest days of the bndtte trust, when all compan ies doing busiuess in Kansas pooled their interests and were thus enabled to secure their own prices on work of this kind throughout the state. The fifty bridges are apportioned to the various rivers and streams of the county as loUoWs: Slate creek, 20; Chikaskia river, 7: Ninnec.ih river, 6; Fall creek, 5: Biuff creek. 4; Ar kansas river, 3, and Heaver, Shore, Shoo Fly, Spring aud Elm creek-, 1 each. Bridges are located either within or on the township lines of town ships numerically as follow: Wel lington and Caldwell, 6 each; Valverde and Falls, 4 each: Belle Plaine, Lou don, Stunner, Avon, Ryan, Biuff and Greene, 3 each; Gore, Conway, Spring- dale, Palestine, Oxford and Dixon, 2 each; Eden. Harmon, Chikaskia and South Haven, 1 each; while nine, townships have nn county bridge. Io wit: Illinois, Creek, Seventy-Six. Osborne, Morris, Downs, Jackson, Walton and Guelph, Contracts for the construction of these bridges have b en awarded as follows: The Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Works of Lea veo worth. Km., 34 contracts: J, K. SivVver of Wichita, 5 contracts: The Wrought Iron Bridge Go. of Kansas CPf, Mo., A R, Elliott of Wellington, Geo. Bradford of Kan sas City, Mo., and Geo. Foster. C. E , of Wellington, 2 contracts each: the King Iron Bridge and Manufacturing Co. of Cleveland. O.. 1 contract: and the bridge on Osage street, Caldwell City, was deeded to Sumner county by S. T. Tuttie. A Baby Drowned. G J. Martin, father of Chas. F. Martin of the firm of Black & Martin, was in the city from Whitman last Friday afternoon and brought the intelligence of the drowning of the two year old child of Mr. and Mrs. Lon Carter, liviu' three ar.d a half miles east of Belie Plaiue, the day previous. Mrs. Carter and he child went to the home of a neighbor, Mrs. Putin ger, living a quarter of a mile distant, to spend the day. Mr. Carter was not at home, and there were no men folks at the PittiKger home. While the ladies were sewing and talking the child wandered out of the house unnoticed, and while playiag in the back yard, fell into a cistern. The supposition is that the child raised the trap door of the cistern and in looking in, lost its balance and fell in. The child had been absent from the hou-e some minutes when its mother dropped her work to search fr it. When she came out of the bonne and did not see her child she called, and receiving no answer, ran quickly to the cistern, the door of which was open. The mother was horrified to see the apparently lifeless form of her baby floating in the water below. Her screams attracted the attention of a man three quarters of a mile distant, who came quickly to the house and rescued the body. The child was dead aud it was impossible to tell whether it had been killed by the fall into the cistern or had died from strangulation. Death of Orville Smith. Orville Smith, one of the early settlers of Sumner county, and a I highly respected cilizen, died at his home on the west sideThursday after noon at 3:30 o'clock of kidoey trouble. He bad been sick two or three weeks, the disease taking a serious turn a few days ago, resulting in his death. Funeral services were IHd under the auspices of the Matooic lodge at ttie Presbyterian church Saturday morn'ng at 10 o'clock, conducted by Rev. Thos. Peoick of the Cumberland Presbyterian church. Interment was made iu Prairie Liwn cemetery by tuesideof the remains ot his second wife, who died two and a half years ago. Orville Smith was born in Franklin county, Vermont, August 21, 1844, being aged 54 years, 6 months and 9 days at the time of bis death. Hej was a member of the Masonic lodge. I He had attained the. 32d degree inj that order, and was rated as one of the best informed Masons in the state. He was also a member of the K. & L i I of S. lodge, in which order he carried j w,uuo life insurance. Mr. Smith was a veteran of thecivil war and belonged to the local G. A. R. po?t. At the close of the civil war he entered the government suiveying service and was at the head of one of the corps of surveyors that surveyed the Indian Territory. At the close of this work in about 1870, lie look uphis residence in Sumner county, opening a cattle ranch on the Ofaikaskla river. He was fi st married in Vermont, his wife dying a few years after. Ooe child, a d iught er, now 34 years of age and living in Vermont, was the result of that union. In 1876, Mr. Smith was united to Miss Mollie Hawk of tliis coiintv. Two children, a girl and a boy. aged 20 aid 15 years, respectively, were the result of the Bteood marriage. Both surive him. A brother, H. F. Smith of tins city, and two sisters living in Vermont, alsosurviv- him. On account of the distance the two sisters were unable to attend the funeral. The deceased had served several terms as county surveyor of Sumner county. Logan Hawk, father-in-1 iw of the deeetM d, arrived from the 8t i i p south east of Ca id well, Friday morning to attend the funeral. Mrs. Hawk was unable to come on account of sick ness. Thinks the Spirits Control Him. Wm. Mack of Mulvane. In been taken to Wichita to be trad on the charge of insanity. He was taken charge of by the sheriff at the request of relative, with whom he had been visiting for some time. Mack believes that some unseen power is controlling him and his suf ft ring from fear is intense at time. While at, Mulvane he started for the Indian Territory on three different occasions, it is said, and each time he would get as far as Udall and stop. He claimed Hint the "unseen power" would not let him procee d farther ou nis journey. In his worst stages strange phantoms appear before him unbidden. The "spirits," which he sometime calls them, have so worked upon him that he has talked of suicide in order to get relief. Mack is a harness maker and is considered a splendid workman, who readily secured employment anywhere he tried. He thinks he is in a hospi tal at Wichita and told the sheriff that he hoped wnen lie got better the spirits would leave him. Mack will probably be tried for insanity today. Ed L. Brown Injured. Ed L. Brown, the carpenter, was pulled from the seat of a spring wagon yesterday about 8:30j'clock a.m. by a couple , f unruly horses, an I fail ing upon his head was rendered un conscious for awhile. Mr. Brown and his son Rolla weie driving north on C street, on their way to the country to do some work. R ilia was driving the wagon and Mr. Brown was silting in the wagon leading a couple of horses. When in front of Judge Herrick's resi dence the horses Mr. Brown was lead ine jerked bick suddenly pulling hini out of the wagon. He fell upon his head and was rendered unconscious. Judge Herrick and others who saw the accident, ran out and picked Mr. Brown up. He regained conscious ness and was taken home and a physician summoned. It was found that no bones were broken. Mr. Brown is confined to his bed and siffers considerable pain from sprains in the shoulders and chet, bat no serious consequences are feared. February Weather. Average of the month 24i: highest temperature 69, on the 19ih; average of warmest day 47, on the 20th; lowest temperature 20 below, on the 12ib: average of coldest day, 11 below, on the 11th; days rain fell, one: depth of rain and melted sm,w, .028; snow. 5: depth all too light to measure; zero or below, 7 times. Year Temperature Ruin MM ISM 1S85. MM 1M'7 H.i ! SJS MM 40', 38 :ii4 OS i li as 1.50 The past February has been t he drj est ard lowest temperature of the seven, although the mercury has been the lowest we have any record of. The cold did not damage fruit and stock as much as it has some other winters. We had more steady cold and less mud. D. M. Adams. Engineer W. C. Danenbergand wife have a child suffering with brain fever, which is in a very dangerous condition. The best of medical aid has been secured and it is hoped the child will soon show signs of recovery. Marruge Licenses. )W.M. Hand, 33 Latnoot.Ok '( Minnie 3, E'mistou, 31.. ..Burden HOME INDUSTRY Something About an Institu tion that lias Been Grow ing Up Quietly. A New Nursery in Wellington that Is Furnishing Trees to Kansas and Oklahoma and Inciden tally Swelling Commerce in This City. Not long sine a leading journal in a neighboring city that is prone to put on metropolitan airs and claim itself to bt the enter of the universe the veritable pot atoutid which re volves the mighty commerce of a highly ctviliz d people, layed to and gave a column or more of space to announce the fact that a nursery had been established in said city, which was destined to supply all the earth and the southern half of the moon with trees and shiub and plants and "sich." The euterpriseof the journal was indeed commendable for upon in vestigation the said nursery was a very small affair in reality not nearly so extensive as Wellington's institution of this sort the Gem nursery, under ownership and control of W. A Renn. The Gem nursery lies along the track of the Sata Fe railroad Just east of tho city. Passing in and out on the train we have watched the growth and progress of the enterprise with some Interest. Seeing the ar ticle referred to above reminded us tb it we ought to say something about the Gem nursery through the Voice in order that our readers and the out side world might not be longer Igno rant of so important an institution in Wellington we accompanied Mr. Renn to the nursery last Thursday and had our expectations more than realized. The first thing'that attracted our attention was the bright and healthy look of all the trees. There was no evidence anywhere of damaged or dying trees. All are new and decid edly thrifty. The. tract comprises 116 acres of which sixty acres are already in trees. The number of acres in trees increas es each year and a few years more will find the whole tract covered. The soil is of the very best quality for tree culture, rich and mellow and nowhere within the knowledge of nursery men have trees put nut such a munificent growth of fibrous roots as on this tract. For treis that are expected to stand the storms and drouths of Kansas this is indeed an important facior. It has only been three years since this nursery had its beginning; it seems incredible that it could make so much showing in so short a time. The sales last year ran over $3,000. Tliis yewr they will exceed $5,000, next year still more and so on to the limit. A force of fourteen to eighteen men are kept busy from the first of March to the first of September, making a pay roll of $l50or m re per week. All tliis money goes into the channels of trade in Wellington and helps to swell the volume of trade. The or dere for trees come from all over Southern Kansas and Oklahoma About $2,000 in orders are already in for this spring's delivery. The foreman at the nursery is Tom Rogers, well known as a nutseryman of life-long experience. "What Mr. bVajMfs doesn't know about tree cult ure is yet a mystery to the whole craft. M. C. Cernwell has charge of sales and deliveries, in which line he has had years of experience. The investment in this nursery up to date is nearly $16,000, and the value of the trees now on hand at wholesale prices will exceed $10,000 They have apple trees one, two and three years old, all varieties, about 4S.000; peach. !7 000; apricot. 2 000: nectaiines, 582; pears, 2,SfiD; cherriit. 33,00U: plums, 9,500: grapes, 3,000: gjoseberries 17,000; blackberries, 9, OlO: raspberries 2,000; shade and orna mental, 22,500; hedge, 41.000: forest tree seedlings, 8,600: evergreens, 2,000: roses and shrubs, 500. One valuable feature of the nurseiy is an experimental orchard which now covers about rive acres ar.d is growing larger each year. All the new vari eties that come under notice are sent for acd planted for a test. If they prove good and weil adapted they take the pure buds and graft them into active utility. We have already spoken of the thrifty appearance of the trees. On thedy we were at the nursery, Geo. W. Bailey, the well-known horticult urist, was there also. He made a critical examination of the trees and gave the following testimonial to Mr. Reno: "This is to certify that I havutbis day carefully examined the nursery stock of the Gem Nersery of Welling ton, Kan., and tlud all varieties of tiees and shrubs iu first class condition, no injury from freezing or otherwise. It Is also free, so far as I am able to judge, from any disease, San Jae scale, or any infection. I will fur ther state that I have never in my ex ptrienee with fruit trees found a finer or better proportioned lot of trees or with a belter growth of fibrous roots. G. W. Bailey, Trustee of the Seventh District as a member of the Board of the State Horticultural society. "People who are looking for nurs sery stock certainly have a golden opportunity to net ihe worth of their money at the Gem. They are now in good shape to handle and (ill all orders promptly and accurately." La:, tall they built a packing house 20x40, well fitted in every way for the dispatch of business. Our visit to the nursery was a reve lation and we are glad to be able to put our readers in possession of in formation concerning it. The Presbytery. At 2:30 o'clock Thursday afternoon the convention was called to order by the president. Rev. J. W. Foose then took charge of the devotional and song service and the congregation joined in singing "Let a Little Sunshine In." Mr. Clarence Hayier, Mrs. F. M. Rob erts and ltev. Geo. Robinson offered prayer. A heartfelt and soul stirring testimony meeting followed, showing the enthusiasm and interest taken in tne Christian Endeavor movement by the young people of the Wichita presbytery. Sho.t talks were given by each minister present, expressing gratifica tion at the work done by the Kndeav orers. After thirty minutes had been devoted to song, prayer and testimony the president again took charge of the convention. At! o'clock, a paper, "How Music Can Best Help Us," was read by Miss Edith Potter of Hazelton, showing that music is the life of thcC.ti. prayer meeting, breaking away the ice of reserve, bringing us nearer to get her and attracting the stranger to the house of worship. The topic was discussed by Rev. Geo. Robinson, Mr. Clarence Hayier, Rev. B. Watts, Rev. J. B. Green, D.D., Rev. M. S. Mayse and Rev. .1. W. Foose, emphasiziug i lie fact that good music aud good singers have the power to uplift and elevate the SOUl. The delegate from Byron being ab sent, ihe topic, "Helping Our Pastor," was offered for discussion, Mr. Clar ence Hayier led the discussion, follow ed by Revs. J. W. Foose. C. b. Park burst, J. B. Green, D. D., and the president. Geo. P. Davis of Waterloo, gave a very instructive talk on the topic "How Can We Help Our Associate Members?" showing that perfect har mony among the active members and association with the associate mem bers to be the best help we can give them. A paper "Unity of "Ihe Church," (the fruits of Christian Endeavor) was next read by Mrs. J. L. Goodrum o! Mayfleld, which proved to be an ex cellent subject. Discussion followed "Christian Endeavor Work as an Educator," was the topic of a very interesting paper read by Clarence Hayier of Hopewell. Mrs. H. P. Mayse and Miss Susan Corey each gave a short talk advocating the training of children in the Junior Christian Endeavor society. The delegates from Benton and Wellington being absent, the lopic3 assigned these societies were passed. The queuion tox was then conducted by Rev. B. Watts. This w,i followed ay a beautifully renderrd silo, "Cilvary," Mls6. Flor ence. Peuick. The convention then adjourned. THE PRESBYTEKY. Retiring Moderator Rev.M.S.Mayse called tbePresbyterytoorderThursday night at 8 o'clock and introduced Rev. J. W. Foose, who preached the open ing sermon from Rom. 8:16 17. Pres bytery was then led in prayer by Rev. Geo. Robinson. The roll was called. Moderator ruled out delegates from Oklahoma and Little Walnut. A quorum being present, the moderator declared the election of a new moder ator to be in order. Rev. J. W. Foose was elected. The presbytery then adjourned until Friday morning. The presbytery was called to order fi$ THIS 1 VOIR STORY? J "Every morning I hive a bad taste in my mouth; my tongue is coated; my head aches and I often feel dizzy. I have no appetite for breakfast and what food I eat listressea me. I have a heavy feeling in my stomach. I am eettine so weak that sometimes I tremble and my nerves are all unstrung. I am getting pale and thin. I am as tired in the morning as st night." Whit does your doctor say? " You are suffering from im pure blood." What is his remedy? w You must not have consti pated bowels if you expect the Sarsaparilla to do its best work. But Ayer's Pills cure constipa tion. We have a book on Paleness and Weakness which you may have for the asking. Writm I O our Doctor: Prhp yon would like to coniolt miueit plittirtani about Tour condi tion. Write at rreelr all the prtlrulart In jinu cue. You will receive a uroiuot reply. AddrMi, DR. J. C. A VKR. Lowell, Man. by the moderator at 8:30 that morning. A half hour's devotional service was conducted by Rev. Geo. Robinson. J. H. Hepperly of Anson, J. W. Wade of Mayfleld, and W. P. Adacs of Bluff, arrived and their uames were enrolled. A communication was read from the stated clerk of Burrow presbytery, concerning M. S. Walcher, who was at one time a member of this presby tery. This communication developed the fact that this notorious impostor is still at large. It was decided to rec ommend his ordination revoked. Strong pointed talks were made on the character of the ministry and the duty of presbyterits, by Dr. J. B. Green, Rev. C. B. Parkhurst aud Rev. M. S. Mayse. Rev. A. O. Ebtight, pastor of the M. E. church, appeared and was in vited to a seat as a member in coun cil. The presbytery then, took up the ruling of the moderator Thursday eve ning, with reference to the Oklahoma delegates asd the action was over ruled and the delegates seated. Rev. M. S. Mayse protested on the ground that the general assembly bad created Iniianola synod and that these churches were in the bouods of that synod and therefore were not ontithd to a seat in this Presb)tery. The protest went on record. Waterloo, Kansas, was selected as the nexi place of meeting. Rev. M. S. Mayse of Wellington, was elected as delegate to the general assembly, which meets in Denver,Col., in May. Bey. Geo. Robinson was elected alternate. Elder C. W. King was elected to the general assembly on the part of the eldership and Geo. P. Davis of Waterloo, as alternate. Presbytery took a reces to 1:30 p.m. KKIDAT AFTEKN'005. The presbytery couveutd and re sumed business. A uiotion to raise the conlingent tax from 20 cents to 50 cents evoked considerable discus sion. The motion was lost. The report of Ihe trustees with reference ttie Crystal Springs church which had been sold from the congregation showed that the money was in the hands of their attorney. The report was made a special order for 10 o'clock tomorrow. SATURDAY HORNING. Elder Divis of Benton, conducted devotional services. Elder J. A. tiller asked and was granted leave of absence for the remainder of session. The special order was then taken up and the report of the trustees was adopted. The receipt was ordered to be signed. This action was protested by some. The remainder of the day was taken up In general discussion growing out of minor reports of committees.