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plaU niatorical Society
VOLUME X. i?5 A MODERN CITY From the Scottish American. The public spirit and enterprise of the city of Glasgow, Scotland, are now pro verbial all over the world, and the name of the great western metropolis of Scot land has become a synonym for all that is progressive, enlightened and humani tarian in its methods of municipal gov ernment. Since the time when this great city secured its inexhaustible supply of pure water from Loch Katrine some for ty-four years ago the career of the muni cipality of Glasgow has been uninterrupt edly onwards and upwards. The original capital invested in this great undertaking was ,1,987,548, but since then the cor poration has duplicated the aqueduct and enlarged the holding power of the loch ana its tributaries at a cost ot a million ( and a quarter pounds, most of which has ( been paid out of the proceeds of the un- dertaking. The city, moreover, far from increasing the rates, has with the in creased supply diminished them. Xo city has a cheaper water supply than Glas gow; every house is supplied directly from the main, and the citizens can de pend upon the enormous supply of 54 gallons per head without the slightest risk of interruption. DISPOSING OF ITS SEWAGE. Another great problem that Glasgow is wrestling with at the present time is the disposal of its sewage. The ambition of Glasgow, according to some interesting special correspondence in the Manchester "Daily Chronicle," isto purify the Clyde, which is at present an open sewer as well as an open harbor. A vast sewage scheme which wili cost over a million sterling, has been adopted and is about to be car ried out. The works for the treatment of the sewage a! Dalmarnock have been completed, and deal with about a fifth of the sewage of the city 17,000,000 gallons a day. Here.after the precipitation has been completed and the liquor has been put through several processes, the effluent is made so exceedingly pure that it is claimed that the workmen even prefer it r for drinking purposes to the limpid wa - ter of Loch Katrine. When the scheme is complete the people hope to see the Clyde a clear, sparkling river, which will be the favorite resort of fish and of those who love sport. It must be remembered also that the solid matter left over at the sewage works is turned to profitable ac count in sludge shape as manure, and also in dry form as a fertilizer. ITS STREET CLEANING SYSTEM Glasgow has also an excellent svstem for dealing with its street and ashpit re fuse. ThoiiL'h the net cost of cleaiiins; the city is ' 70,000, the difference be tween that sum and the gross cost of ,117,174 is obtained in revenue from the works conducted by the department. For dealing with 420,000 tons of refuse annu ally the cleaning department hav 900 railway wagons of its own and a private railway line running over its farms of Soo or 900 acres, part of which has been re claimed from bog. The department sends KMIGHTS OF PYTHIAS STILL IN THE LEAD. The voting for the beautiful flag now ,011 exhibition at Buttrey's store it very close. The voting up to Satnrday night, August 1 cth, stood as follows: Knights of Pythias 112 Workmen 103 Odd Fellows' lodge 96 ooumeu 01 America 9 Masonic lodge 60 Miccabees 4S 0. E. S 28 K. & L. of F 27 Keumen 22 Fraternal Aid Association 21 (j. A. K 19 B. of L. E 16 B. of L. F 12 -National Aul Association 10 Daughters Rebekah Rules for Voting are as follows: Ivach 50c purchase of shoes at Rut- trev s hlioe store entitles vou to one vote alVm cW ten n so on The ballot box will be placed at the door and you will receive your ballot, write the name of the order you wish to vote for on the ballot and drop it in the box. On Sept. 20 at 9 p.m. the order receiving the most votes will be declared the winner. The flag is now on exhibition at Buttrey's Shco Storb See biggest sale on record. Begins Friday mornitu, August 18 at Etigle's. Patronize the Merchants Who Advertise in the VOICE-Theu Are fill Worthu of Your Patronarje-Tliey flelp Support Your Paper-Encourage Them with Your Trade. WELLINGTON, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1899. Public Utilities 1 Lsec? fo Benefit II fhe People fee its products and its manures over half of 1 nere are 531(1 10 W a-enls worklnS 1n Scotland, and incidentally makes a subJ Sumner county selling the farmers what stantial profit from farming as well as 'they temi dllution CreamSeParators-The other industries connected with this de. , "earn separator offered by them does partment. The gas sen-ice of Glasgow has belong ed to the corporation since 1S69, and though the price has been reduced from 4s, 7d. to 2s. 2d per 1,000 cubic feet, a gross profit of 69,ooo was made last year. The net profit after meeting loans and sinking fund was only 641, but the 186,327 private consumers are getting their dividends in the cheapness of the commodity. The electric lighting works are in the hands of the corporation also, and last year showed a net profit over all ontgo-'ngs of i,5S3. The city, moreover, provides its own markets either out of the rates or by the common good, and these are conducted at a reasonable rate of profit. Last year the markets of the ciy earned a profit of 2,3c, while those contributing to the common good earned over 5,ooo profit. Three slaughter houses are also main tained by the city, and these yield profit enough to cover the interest and leave a balance over. The citv also maintains hospitals, which are among the finest in stitutions of the kipd belonging to any corporation, and for the treatment and isolation of infectious diseases in these places it pays 3S,ooo a year. Pl'IiUC PARKS AND HAU.S. Among other privileges which the peo ple of Glasgow enjoy through the enter prise of the corporation are fine music in the public parks, a magnificent art gal lery and people's palace, the latter of which includes a fine museum and art collection, with a large area for the dis play of plants and flowers and for enter tainments and other adjuncts likely to be attractive to the people for whom they are designed. The city, besides, owns other public halls, which are conducted without loss. Free concerts are given under civic auspices, and there seems to be a general disposition to make the life of the residents of Glasgow at large as desirable as possible without trenching too deeply on the public funds. Glxsgow has a magnificent and ornate town hall, which is the pride of the community; it has a system of intercommunication bv rail, car, bus and subway, unequalled in 1 smith. Such a can, however should have Great Britain, and is earnestly pressing ' a faucet in the bottom, through which forward the municipalization of the tele- he skimmed milk may be drawn. In phones, that it may have an efficient sys-1 fact if our farmers will set their milk un tem, and greatly extend the use of the diluted in deep cans say 18 to 20 inches telephone by the cheapness of the service deep and 8 in diameter set in cold wa and the multiplication of public call of- ter or cold room, they will get more sat fices. Glasgow is also deeply engaged in ! isfactorv returns, than when set in shal pronioting its great exhibition for 1901, ! low pars or crocks. which is pledged to excel all previous ! undertakings of a similar kind. In fact j W'fjy BUY OF FAKIRS ? in every direction that can tend to the I betterment of the condition of the people j and the prosperity and prestige of the city, the corporation is working with conscientious and persevering assiduity "LET GLASGOW FLOURISH." "Let Glasgow Flourish" is the motto n or and f fakirs selling stoves, of the city, and there can be no doubt ' or clothing, or groceries, or washing ma that it is being ideally realized. While, j chineS or othcr articlcs easi; ohuln through its excellent svstem of govern- i , t . , , nipnt n1CImu. w, . c 1 , ! for less money, of the local merchant. open spaces, pure water in abundance, a splendid and cheap tramway service, -good gas, good streets, ideal sanitary conditions and many agencies for the benefit of both mind and body, it has ob tained all these without any real addition to its financial burdens. Nearly everv undertaking from which it was possible and desirable to make a profit yields a substantial return; the city, in fact, is wealthier by reason of its expenditure. The wonderful progress and prosperitv that Glasgow now exhibits are to be at tributed to the remarkable enterprise of its corporation aLd its lold adoption of the modem spirit of municipal dutv. The above is a very conservative state ment of what this city has dene. Glas gow, under public ownership carries its citizens on its street cars for 2. cents r.nd never a breath of scandal or bribery, ! Ur'Cr' Un'Ier ownership, charges 5 cents and the Itlktv and I scandals connected with her street car franchises have been a disgrace to the! citv. With that low rate the street cars ' have been a source of revenue to the citv as have lighting and water and at rates lower than any private owned plants on earth furnish an inferior article. Any thing that any people on earth can do Americans can and will do better. At-jutes investigation of their purchases' quantity. The Bulletin makes this posi tenticn has only recently been directed showed how badly they had been taken tive assertion that any bill of goods of to this subject of public ownership in this country in any large way. It will be the paramount issue in the campaign of 1900. The intelligence of the people will only permit of one result. Its gener al adoption will solve many of the great questions now before the people. Milk Dilution Separators. what they claim it will, but it is said to be an unnecessary accessory to the dairy-. The agricultural experiment station of Purdue university in Indiana has issued a bulletin devoted to the dilution separat ing of cream. From it is taken the fol lowing: "This is not a separator as commonly understood by dairymen, where cream is separated from milk by centrifugal force, but is a specially constructed can, usually of large size, in which cream separates from milk by rising to the surface, by common gravity process. The principal of creaming in this can, however, differs from that usually performed in the dairy, through the mixing of water with the milk to assist the cream to rise. These specially made cans have certain peculi arities of construction and are advertised by the makers as 'cream separators.' The cans of different manufacturers differ in form and style, but the principal feature with all is to fill the can partly full of new warm milk and then at once add a large quantity of cold water. This, of course, dilutes the milk perhaps 100 per cent. In this diluted condition, the claim of the manufacturers is, that the cream will rise more completely and rapidly than if not diluted; that in 20 to 30 minutes it will all rest on the surface of the skimmed milk, which may be drawn off from below. In 1893 the Indiana Experiment Sta tion for two weeks carried on an experi ment on the influence of dilution of milk on efficiency of creaming. The results of this work, as published, in bulletin 44 of the Station, were that a greater loss of fat occurs in skim milk when dilution is practiced, than with undiluted milk, that the loss is greater with cold than warm water, and that by diluting the milk a pooer quality of skim milk for feeding is thereby produced." While the practice of dilution is unde sirable, yet if the tarmer wishes to try the method in an inexpensive manner.he may obtain them by diluting his milk in an ordinary round can, such as may be secured of any reputable dairy supply house, or can be made by any good tin When Home Merchants Sell Same Grade of Goods as Cheap. Almost every exchange that conies to, our table brings the news of some travel- The number in the state seems to be ex ceptional large now and it will be larg er after the fall crops are marketed. In this connection the following from the Sterling Palktin is very appropriate and would r-p'y with equal truth to Well ington: If it were not for the human nature in man to buy in the cheapest market and oily-tongued peddler comes along. He confidence of his customers. The strang ell in the dearest, a good many frauds, J may possibly l)e selling cheap groceries, ' er who is here long enough to sell one fakirs, peddlers and sharpers would be asserting that his goods C"me direct from j bill of goods is hampered by no such con out of job and he compelled to live by j jobbers and with an insinuating smile si deration. He makes as much as he can the laboi of their hands instead of by the sharpness of their wits. Hut the great desire of even the best of the human family to get something for uothing makes it easy to deceive the people and work all torts of schemes on them. were YOU Taken in ? j We remember a year or to ago that , some strangers had a great slaughter sale in, Sterling. People flocked to the store. The auctioneer knew his business and played upon the feelings of the crowd ! groceries that apparently are low, but In like a skillful player on a piano. Men, 1 the time he gets a full order his average wouien and children almost fell over each. other to invest in his "bargains." After- wards, when removed from the spell binder's immediate presence, a few min- iENGLE'S DRESS I GOODS DEPT. I Always at the Front! Always in the Lead!! 5: 3n; WE announce t,ie Fir JlIul Most Extensive Arrival of New Dress Goods ami ST 2 YY Silks ever brought to the City. We are showing the most desirable shades in all grades of Woolen Dress Goods, such as 1 Cashmeres, Henriettas, Serges, Cords, Satin Venetian, Satin Soleil, Drap-de-Paris, Whip Cords, Poplins, Camel's Hair, fj Prunells, Bedford Cords, Homespun g '0 :$ Royal Venetian, Broadcloths, i i Homespun Plaids. & BLACK CREPONS in all grades and prices from 50 cents to 83.00 per vard. & $ BEAUTIFUL PLAIDS from 10 cents to $1.50 per yard. gj SILKS in all the newest shades and colorings. & NEW AND Suitable for the Inspect our Dress Goods Dept. before buying. in. The fact was, the glib-tongued strangers were getting higher prices for the same grade of goods than the home merchant would have dared charge for them. The deceived ones, as a rule.kept quiet, or went out in the woodshed and kicked themselves, vowing that they would never be taken in again. RESOLUTIONS SOMETIMES BROKEN. But, alas, for human nature, all these good resolutions vanish when the next ' tells that he will save the middleman's I profit. Now, this does seem plausible, if ! you shouldn't happen to wonder who j pays the peddler's expenses. lie will ; hardly have the nerve to assert that some j plilanthroph-l is doing this kind act for j the good of the great common people, 1t he will smooth the question over ' some way that is part of his business. ! He will tell a irood stun- of how n-.i.-h ' can be saved and quote prices on staple ' of prices will equal that of the town gro- cers, especially if spot cash is paid in - ( town the same as the peddler requires aud the goods are bought in the same IMPORTANT ! I ' " " W II Dress Gills ill I WE HAVE ALL THE g UP-TO-DATE LININGS I Dress Goods, in all Kinds and Qualities. JACOB ENGLE I WELLINGTON, KANSAS. & fered by traveling grocery peddlers can be duplicated for the same price in the Sterling stores where same quantity and quality is ordered. This is on condition that spot cash is paid. HOME MERCHANT RESPONSIBLE. Thare is another side to the question, also. The home merchant is here per manently. He must back p every as sertion he makes, he must sustain his J reputation for fair dealing, or lose the in as short a time as possible and then leaves for greener pastures. HOW CUSTOMERS ARE TREATED. The home merchant takes the farmers' pro'uee, he gives credit, he is accommo dating and does many little acts of court esy during the year for those who trade with him. The stranger nit have spot cash, no credit, no accommodation, and very little courtesy. He mut have his money the minute the goods are deliver ed. What does he care for the goo 1 will or the confidence pf Mr. A, or Mrs. B. Everybody looks alue to hiin, so he gets their money. ' responds to many calls. The home merchant pnys a large por tion of the taxes in every ccn:nn;n:tv. 11 is money sustains the school:, the NUMBER 31. churches and the charities of the locality. Every enterprise which adds to the ma terial comfort or benefit of the town or ccuntry receives his supjwrt. If the streets are to I sprinkled he must pay for it; if there is to be a grange or alliance parade or speaking in town he is asked to put up a part of the expends: if thf-re is a band to be sustained he is the "sus tainer;" if there is a horse race, a ball game, or a celebration, the home mer chant is depended ujon to foot the f.iTL They don't complain a!out these things, and Cheerfully "put up" each and every time. Eut, when these things are taken into consideration, is it right, is it fair, it it just to let strangers carry away the money which should 1e in circulation iu the community? The dollar R-nt at home gets at once into circulation and benefits a dvx-n oj le, where the dol lar carried away is t, .so far a? bring ing back any returns. Pe !-;.! to your hometown and you will add ir.r't'yto its importance and to your ov.n ad-.tn-tage. Buy everything you may want in the Dry Goods line during ilia next 15 days. This will toe a monster sale, com mencing Friday wm n ing, Aug, 18, at Eiigle's.