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V if V VOLUME X. PatronH the Mean's Who Advertise In the VOIGE-They Are All Wcrthy ot Your Patronage-They rie'p Support Your Paper-Incouraje Them with Your Trade. WELLINGTON, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1809. BEEF TRUST; How Four NUMBEK 32. Men Control the Price of Beef from the Pasture to the Table, V"TO man, woman or child or gov I I rnment can escape the Beef Trust, or dispute its power. It is absolute in its domination of the home; in its ability to compel payment of trib ute to it. The home of the humblest cit izen of the United States furnishes a per tinent example of its control of the meat supply of the country. It has just raised the price of its product 30 per cent to wholesale dealers. That means that the family fare of the poor man will contain 30 per cent less meat than it did a week ago, or meat of 30 per cent inferior qual ity. Apparently it is a trifling effort, scarce ly worthy to be called a task, for the Beef Trust to materially curtail, if not entirely cut off, the meat supply of the rich and poor alike. The poor man will raises cattle for the market must accept the price the trust pays: the man who eats meat must pay the price it demands for the product. An elevation in the price of meat is professionally styled an "evener." The term originated in 1895 when the trust advanced prices on its product from six to eight per cent. The storm of protest from all over the country frightened the trust spokesman into an apology. The explanation was that there was a big shortage in the visible supply of cattle. This statement was repudiated by cattle raisers, but the increase stood. There was a congressional investigation which did not accomplish anything more than an instructive expose of the methods of the trust and the confirmation of The naturally be better fitted to describe the World's charges that the so-called Bureau power of the trust than his more fortun ate neighbor, yet both will feel it, for the trust plays no favorites. It treats all vic tims alike. Its power has been cumula tive, progressive: growing narrower in membership, vaster in scope of its opera tions and influence with each year of its history. Scarcely a score of years has this trust existed, with a meagre combined capital of 5,ooo,ooo at the start, and an income of $400,000 a year. Then there were rival concerns, because none of them were called trusts in those days. But in ten years the rival concerns were wiped out, or "absorbed" that is the professional term for buying out n vals and the Beef Trust becauie supreme, It is supreme today, composed of four firms whose membership does not exceed t wenty men. Yet it is doubtful if there are twenty other men in all the world whose power is brought so directly to the homes of every citizen as the power of these twenty, the real Barons of Beef, Princes of Pork and Sovereigns of Sheep. The four firms of which they are active members transact a business of 535,000, c a year, divided in alwut this propor tion: Armour & Co f, 130,000,000 Swift & Co 90,000,000 Cudahy 40,000,000 Nelson, Morris & Co 75,000,000 Total $335,000,000 There is a fifth firm which enjoys re lations with the real trust closely allied enough in a business way to justify its classification with the others. This is the firm of Schwarzschild & Sulzberger, which acts as general distributer in New York and besides maintains packing houses ol its own in the West. But as it only has a business of a trifling $12, 000,000 a year, it is not ranked in the first class. The combined income of the firms com prising the trust exceeds $19,300,000 a year. It is the closest corporation in the United States while apparently main taining independent relations between firms composing the trust. Armour & Co. are the leaders of t-ie tnist. All re ductions in the price to be paid cattle raisers and increases in the price of meat to consumers are decided upon by Ar mour & Co. The other firms in the trust accept the quotations of Armour & Co. There is never any cutting 01 rates to consumers; no increase in the price to be paid to pro ducers. Agents of the trust in the cattle . raising districts keep down the quotations for beef when the tnist is buying. For ten years successively there has been a gradual decline in rates which the trust 13 willing to pay for cattle. Other agents of the trust regulate the supply of slaughtered cattle, pork and sheep to wholesale dealers in such a man n t as to force prices up. For ten years successively there has been a gradual in crease in the prices the trust demanded for its product. There has not been a single reduction in price in any year. "Lower, lower," has been the motto of the trust in buying cattle from the cattle raisers. "Higher, higher," is the demand of the agents of the trust for the slaughter ed product. The control of the trust of the supply of cattle is absolute. When a shortage of cattle is desired to force up prices of meat, the trust acts to make a shortage and instantly increases the price of beef, whi( h increase must be borne by the butchers and finally by the men on whose family table it is served. There is no redress or appeal from the mandates of the trust. The man who of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Department at Washington was nothing more or less than an adjunct to the beef trust The methods of the trusts were looked into by the United States courts of Illi nois, but nobody was indicted or punish ed, and the contention of the highpriced legal experts of the trust that the law was powerless to curb the operation was evidently accepted by the courts. It was proven beyond peradventure that bad meat was sold by the trust for rood meat. Secretary of Agriculture J. Sterling Morton admitted the fact, and his subor dinates furnished conclusive proof of it Yet the leef trust escaped and the onlv recognition it accorded the efforts of the law to reach it was to defer its annual increase of prices a few months. Mem bers of the Senate Committee, which in vestigated the trust frankly declared they were unable to reach the promoters of the trust or to provide a remedy. Senator Vest, of Missouri, who was a member of the investigating committee, said: "As long as a combine in Chicago can dominate the cattle interests of the coun try we shall be compelled to submit to its powers. It seems outrageous that while there is an advance of only 1 per cent or little more in prices paid by these firms to cattle-raisers, the prices to the con sumers have jumped from 10 to 15 cents a pound. Yet the Federal Government appears powerless to change the condi tions." The beef trust paid not the slightest attention to either the eou-t proceedings or to the Senate investigation, except to deny that there existed a trust or agree ment, to regulate the supply of beef or prices, Wholesale butchers started in to resist the increase in prices of dressed meats. They were summarily punished by a threat to cut off their supply entirely. That soon brought them to terms. They accepted the increase, and transferred the obligation to pay for it to their pa trons, who had no redress whatever. Experts figured out that the shortage of which the trust complained amounted to 7 per cent and that the increase ex ceeded 30 per cent, the equivalent of the present increase, only there is no short age now. This stupendous increase of sixty per cent in the price of beef to the consumer has been accomplished in less than four years. The first increase of thirty per cent was never reduced a cent, although in 1S96 there was no shortage in the cat tie supply. On the contrary, cattle raisers reported an overproduction. But the "evener" stood; there was no reduc tion in the price to consumers, at least in tin? country. English patrons of the trust were treat ed with greater consideration. The dressed product of the trust was sold in London and other cities in Great Britain at lower prices thau in the United States, notwithstanding the increased cost- of shipment and re-handling The tnist ex plained this paradoxical condition of af fairs with an ease inspired by apparent contempt for the rights of its domestic patrons to ask one. The explanation was that the trust was trying to drive out the Australian beef dealers who controll ed the English market, and had cut prices in order to do so. The statement that better beef was sold in England for less money than was asked for an inferior grade in Chicago and New York elicited no response from the beef trust. Singularly, however, the trust agents are advancing the same explanation three years later for the recent reduction of price of their product in England. They $7.50 a quarter for dressed beef in this country The power of the trust to prevent in terference with its plans by the Govern ment was amply illustrated at Washing ton during the investigation of the beef scandal which resulted in the suspending of Commissary-General Eagan. It was clearly proved that the trust furrished bad ("embalmed") beef for the use of troops during the Cuban campaign. A former employee of Armour & Co..' i nomas Doian, declared that the beef teiVH furnished the troops was "tanked" and 3 subjected to chemical treatment the combined wealth and influence of the trust were strong enough to prevent an injury to its business or the punish ment of the individual members It was only four months ago that its act in selling to the Government at the highest possible price meat that was pro nounced unfit for human consumption was exposed. Only a few davs ago the World proved that it is selling its best product in England cheaper than the English dealers. Yet in the face of all these facts this trust imposes an addition al tax of 30 per cent upon the product in which it eniovs a monopolv apparently to strong for the law to curb. New York World The Latest Swindling Game. TL . m . xuv wire ieace snarKs are now " work ing" the farmers in central Kan sa9. It is a good scheme, and it is re ported that many farmers are parting with their money. The scheme is worked this way: A smooth young man strikes a farmer and ass to ex hibit his fence machine. The farmer contents. The machine is at, the depot, and the farmer goes there and gets it. Before doing so, however, he signs a postal card which the shark is to send to the factory, showing where the machine is located. Then the sharper makes a few rods of fence and departs, telling the farmer that he will be back in a few days for the machine. In due time another sharper amies along with the postal card, which the farmer signed. The postal card is a written contract in which the farmer agrees to give $200 for the machine. The city of Danville, Va , enjoys at this moment a rare distinction. One of the very few cities in this country which have municipalized the water, gas and electric light industries, and assumed the responsibility of satisfy iogthe public with these services, Danville, has received from its city engineer and superintendent of the water, gas and electric light plants. an official report which shows that the citizens have uo complaint to enter against the operations of any of their public plants. Ia the gas de partment, there have been duringthe year only three complaicts of "bad' gas, and the trouble in each of these three cases was found to be in the service pipes. The city board has gradually brought down the gas rate from$Uo$l per 1,000 feet, and ; farther reduction to 75c Is oiDtem plated. The city has an abundant supply of pure water. The water rates have in recent years been low ered 66 per cent, and the existing financial conditions of the department are said to justify an immediate fur ther reduction of 33 per cent from the present scale. The electric lighting service has also been entirely satis factory, and arc lamps for street illu mination have been provided at a cost of $21.23 each per annum. The report inevitably suggests how im mensely the chances of success of municipal plants are increased when they are conducted with perfect hon- fsty and with even average efficiency. r. .....u. iu0raer must ne pure .offer no explanation for the increase of ' unnecessary expense. Wearetobaveshinplasters acain. It is pnderstood that the treasury will soon issue $15,000,000 of fractional pa per currency in denominations of 25 and 50 cent., and perhaps smaller, to meet the large demand, principally from the west The initiative came from Nebrasksa, in the shape of a cir m!ar addressed to numerous congress men, asking thera to favcr a bill em bodying a provision for the issue of mall paper currency. The suct ion has met with favor in the treas ury department, and it is said that in 1 short time $10,000,009 of this cur- eocy will be placed 00 sale in he vario-is pnsteffiees wheie the lematid is greatest. The main object .0 be subserved is to facilitate the .ransmissioD of small amounts f money in letters for the benefit of countr) people making mall mail purchases at a distance. Without some such conveniences. small sums are sent in silver and are easily detected in lettpr. nr a nnctai order must be purchased, involving! Gngle's Buyer IS NOW IN .THE NEW YORK MARKETS BUYINGFORSPOTCASH WL WILL HAVE THE largest and Most Complete Stock EVER SHOWN IN THE CITY lIlJffiliBifS mi G I Unbleached LL Sheeting, Twilled Cretonne, another case . two bales, 3,000 yards, very fine 1500 yards, extra heavy, the and full 36-in, will sell per yard, 3c Pr'ce be - . 5C F.11 Standard Prints, 4,800 rZue, yards, price will be only, per yard, 3c " Fine Bleached Muslin, an- Outing Flannels, two cases of other case li3s just been received, 4,800 yards, dark and light Out- and goes at 20 yards $1, per yd,' 5c ing Flannels, worth 8Jc, our price 5c T " ; 123 UmbrelIas,bought at a dis- n , . . count, will be sold very cheap. Dress Goods, in these we are 1 giving greatest bargains ever known. More Beauty Pins, per dozen, 10c Engle's Store is the Bargain Center of Southern Kansas New Goods sre Arriving Every Day. We are in a Position to Save You Money Come and See Us JACOB ENGLE mm WELLINGTON KANSAS Working for Ike Reefi Pardon. Topeka, Aug. 29 Charles Finch of the Lawrence Journal, Attorney Fitz- patrlck of Sedan, acd Judge Peckham of Blackweli, O.T., appeared before Governor Stanley today and urged that a pardon be granted to Isaac G. Reed, the Wellington attorney now serving a life sentence in prison for the killing of Isaac Ilopper, in 1892. Reed was tried three different times. At the first trial, be was convicted of murder in the second degree and sen tenced to twelve years in prison. The supreme court reversed the case. Just as the second trial was about to be given to the jury one of the jurors took sick. At the third trial, Reed was convicted of murder in the first degree and sentenced to bang. His attorney failed to appeal the case to the supreme court, aud he is now in prison awaiting the signature of the governor to the death warrant. Reed is a physical wreck. lie is afflicted with consumption, and the prison (physician says he cannot live -Inrjir. j His friends want him pardjceo so that he can die a free man. Noah Akin of Winfleld, was a drunkard and neglected his family fur drink, newassentto a Keeley in stitute and came home cured, and looking like a new man. A fe weeks agojiewent to Oklahoma to work. He saved up some money and started home In antic'pation of the joy bis earnings would bring to bis careworn. .palefaced, faithful wife. At "ewkirk some acquaintances asked lm to have a drink. He did not intend to return to the drink habit, but accepted the Invitation because be was asked, and his grateful soul could not refuse ne was in the gutter for a week, and reached home without a cent and mentally unbalanced. lie was tried in the probate court at WinfJeld yes terday and will be sent to an insane asylum. Had Akin refused the first drink after taking the Keeley cure, be would not have had an appetite for the second, and would now be well ana happy. The firt drink of whisky that piese down a man'.- throat i just as disastrous a the tirt drink after Uking the K-p1pv only difference is that the laUmum- mons tue jury quicker. A wreck occurrea on tie Santa Fe at D:!e, ti e first -nation u rth of Win tield, Sunday morning, ia which six freight cars loaded with wheat were ditched, scattering wheat In ever direction. The southbound freight, an extra, was going Into Dale and It Is supposed one of the cars iumrjed over the frog at the switch. A wrecking crew and train ;was dispatched from Arkansas City, and a large force of extra men were secured in Wichita and sent to Dale. A trae'rvrns built j around the wreck in time for the regu'ar trains and there was no delay, j It was exceptionally quick work on the part of the wrecking crew. Con ductor Shaffer, who was in charge of the wrecke- train, says the cars are torn up badly and are almost a total KN'IGHTS OF PYTHIAS AGAIN IN THE LEAD. The voting for the beautiful flag now on exhibition at Buttrey's store itverr close. The voting up to Satnrday night. August 26th, stood as follows: Knights of Pythias I76. Workmen j. Woodmen of America. nq Odd Fellows' lodge .'nc' Masonic lode .....sV Miccabees Redmen .. K.&L.ofF s o.a. r ;j Fraternal Aid Association!..! " u B.ofL. E a r-'ti. f. ....... ..!!!!!!!!!!!! Uy.li;i,! Ae!tih!i ?c National Aid Association iV Sck-ct Friends '....llf Rules for Votinr are as follows: liach Soc DUrchav nf vWc at t trey's Shoe store entitle Each ft purchase gives vou two vote i-r a $$ purchase ten votesand so on. The ballot 1kX will be iJarefl at th ,w. , you will receive your ballot, wrii the iioiiic ui wic orutr you wish to vote for on the ballot and dron it in ih Sept. 20 at 9 p.m. the order receiving the uiuai uic!. m ue ueciarea the winner; The flag is now on exhibition at Buttrey's Shos Store los to the company, besides the hrge arnountuf grain wiiicu was wat ted ira me wrer. a grcatdealof the wle tt it N said can nesavod if luuie cJ. right away. Hod the train beD run ning at full speed, suvh ar. acddecN w:uid have resulted i:i great loss cF property and life. As it was. Ei on'. was curt.