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3. 0 Eh " &P. y T- UA Ivtf- n 2 " "VI" It fiF! & i ?. -. J.r7rr rr r r HIMft'. .. JLllUMAST-T!flTTWFV HAin gSK .-"T' " Publisher. s?r COLBY, , KANSAS. ?& ' -jfe-j-'NEBULOUS PHILOSOPHY. 2?awf-. - &.' - lhMM.4L. .. .... it- - jT::ltiSTnir-. ii ',ncora classic shades, on jTa i.j ' " wnioo sue gar, $- 'iJ2ii!t,?tS,w'UInenfi to prove, in nSJSi?".0' !e Wherefore, and the Thuseess of the That. 'She corned feiipble subjects-each trrovel , lag kossehold care- - ?.5iLU12,.h,er lottT 8onl o Prove the Alrl- i?l8t?.Bkl,u ' loc 'round the What acs of the Where. ? lower natures tearing the dollars, and the seme. She soared above the level of commonplace . Pretense, -Bd-moulded treatises which prove the That l csTof the Thence. Her glorious purpose to reveal the Thlnk- fulness of Thought, To trace each line by Somewhat on tbeSome- Bow a surface wrought, , JV?ture..fonn8 ot whynofa from the t Whatnot's meaning caught; 3,0 lUrate our spirits with the Whyforo's classic ow, bfeflttheThereies8wlth the Highness of the How, ' iS$ e dark with radiance from the TWaaesioftheNow. What good has she accomplished?" O, never doubt her thus! it mutt be useful to reveal the Plusneas of the Plus, 'To Illustrate with corkscrew words the n menness or the Us. Mock .not, poor, common "mortal, when V tnpght like these appear, illuminating our labor with the Howness of the Here, And blazing like a comet through the Now ness of the Near. Some day In Realms Eternal such grand mist-haunted souls Inscribe their words of Whichncss on Where fore antic scroll. 'In that great world of Muchness which through the Hay be rolls. Then shall we each acknowledge the Wby ness of the Whence Each unoerstand completely with Senscf ill ness of Bense The Tbusness ot the Therefore, the Thatness of the Thence. v J. Edgar Jone, in Clitcago Curt cut. FORESTS OF STONE. Probing for Logs Beneath the Sur fece in New Jersey. drying to Chop a Tree or Rock-Trunk, Voaghs and leaves Turned to Stone - A Description ' of Some of Nature's Won desk. "If you want to see something curious," said a friend who was a mem ber of a Government survey, "go down with me to "Woodbine." Four miles be yond Woodbine, out on the sandy stretch ofold sea bottom or beach that is termed the Cape May Peninsula, we came upon Oennisville, where all the Dennises of all time had evidently settled. A localDennis saidthere were twenty-five hundred of them and nine , tenths were evidently children. They ; lived in scattered shanties or houses on ) a long narrow street, on each side of which malaria stalks abroad from the great swamps that constitute their boundary. The latter, however, that , are perhaps svnr.welve square miles in r"itt!ngio nearly alrtffdinRaD;tant s of Lienmsvillc, though the nature of their occupation would never be suspected from external observation. "We're all in the loggin' business," said a tall, thin Dennis, yet as f.ir as the eye could reach not atree could be seen "standing that would make even the ghost of a fair log. "They ain't a-growinV continued the " man. "They're underground. We dig for them, or spear them, as you might say. Here's the tool," and stepping into a low hut he brought out a crowbar that, like everything else, seemed attenuated and was stretched out into a long. Blender-pointed rod. "We wade along." continued the man, "and probe with this feeler, and when we strike a log we feel around, and if it's a rood one tWjlig her up, and if it ain't we let her soak; that s about the way of it. "So down in Jersey you burrow for your logs?" "That's about it," replied the man. "You know we're obliged to be a whit odd or so; we've got the name of it. l UUUW1UW. 1fA "The secret of this business." siil my friend, the geologist, "is that ages ago all this area was covered with a fine growth of large trees, and the same are found growing in some parts of the swamp yet, but they have died out and fallen down and sunk into the soft mud, and so been covered up by mould anil mud, until many other layers have grown over them; but in some remark able way the wood is preserved and these sunken ancient logs are just as good for shingles and other articles as they were when alive; hence, for many years there has been. a steady hunt for them, and Dennisville is a naif It of the dustry. To the botanist the tree is the 'evergreen white cypress or cypressus thyoides sempervirens, and the numbers that once grew over this swamp and that have been entombed are beyond conception. The trees . noon or near the surface are the only ones available, ana fortunately are the best,. but far below there are probably , mvri&ds of others turned to stone and .. . - - . - . . . representing.tbe past geological ages - -oi tne eartn. ine. logs were workeu out bv the men who are nicknamed -I'SwampoodlesT and who live in the midst of the malarious district all their . . . lives. When a loe is found a ditch is s? "made About' it, into which .the water 'soon flows. A ereat saw is then applied j31- nd the roots removed, and as a rule XV-tthe log will, rise to tae surface and can '"i Jbe?cut up and carried oi; though in many Jocanues the shingles are made Ttffktnn thn snot and draesed. over the l- bv .n.r nn'Wkafla in IDnV nMUffH BlaHn tf Omiwha nri.rwiir.- -This curious busi- C p-'ness is.not confined to 2fcw Jersey, but ioverin-Uelaware ana .maryiaua mere 5-- . Jare similar swamps, where the shingle 'bcuiness has been carried oa for years. Om ef the swamps in Delaware extends over twentvfie square miles, and ' hardly a house in Sussex County but x 'WMat usiuBeiea with the ancient de- -4. vjjt." "f -"I'teH-ye, said.an old' -farmer from !.' SKtms reeioa "that we're yliTin' on a cu- usk-rioas kind n'pnist mnid hem. Tn ni'nr. k--i --ii' t .. i. ;j .f i.- j;v-t,ucw.myljuKBiJau pe aaiu 10 oe 5prciiea on "a regiar wood-pile;, there -aia't no end trit. built a Jouadation to albarnjome years-aro down, in Del 'mrite onthe swamp lot," and the forth fter'dorn Tdug the more logrXcame on ' te. andlTeckonwaydown Unclean, ." & 80ua.wooa.RBd wrtea a are' Dreajrs out , tin'the stramp yooT-wanttp'toepyoor, V ffs"Ied.-w4rm'4tttltfeBow -HoreIl.rjest-TeiyiMm;.of r oU wbana:I botwUli toiwfei &:" Iran right Into it nbotit half a mile. I Tlmt summer it was monstrous dry, and I alter awhile the tires began to break out, I and afore we knew it it had crept up to wiimii a moiianu icct oi iiiu nuuse 1 But we St at t w'tu brush, and, as we I thought, put it out, and did; but that nigh I I was awoke by hearin' a crash so loud that you'd a-thought t ho hull bouse had gone down, and when I got out there was a blazing fire right over by my fodder house. I got there in about two minutes, and I tell ye I was scared. There wasn't hide nor liairot the house, but a deep yawnin' hole about fifty feet across, and the Lord knows how deep, and burning red hot. justlikeavolcany. I tell ye I got my folks out of that dig gin's for a while now. Fortunately it came on to min tIienetdayandoakcd' it out, and I ain't a drawin' the long bow when I teilyou that that hull ken try had been tunneled by the tire. You see, ithadcreptalongunderground for nigh a thousand feet, catins awav the wood, and finally when it got under the fodder, the weight of the stuff broke the crust in and down it went into a reg'lar pit of lire. I tell you it was an uiisartin place to live on and l was ttianktul ennurli that ltdidn t set under the Iioumj. We'd never have known what hurt us; we'd just melted down quick. Yes, there's heaps of places in the swamp district that's eaten out jest the same way. The fire will run alonj; for miles, sometimes, and then crop out where it's least ex pected. 1 knew of one ca-e where a partv of Miinjrlcns left their hut one morning and when they came back it was gone anil a fourth of an acre with it. If it had happened twelve hours later they'd have gone in. In the Dela ware sw.-mpyou will find heaps of such places anil green hands when they go down there always think there has been a voleany, and so I here has. after a fashion." "The subject of underground forests," sjid my geo'ogical companion, on our way b.iek, "is an interesting one, and in the we-t there are some strange sights to hi seen. I remember espee ally one local tv about the head waters of theL'thodendron IJiver; there are thousands of trees Iyingabout, as if some hurricane had swept over the spot and leveled them to the ground, but in every case the tree has turned to stone and the trunks now weigh tons where they formerly could be tossed about by the wind. A minor that I met told nte that in one locality that he had visited the trees were .standing, and thev earne to camp there. At first they did not notice it, as it w.is late in thef.ill, when all the leaves were oQ' the trees, but he sent a darkey out to chop some wood, and as the fellow struck a tree the ixxe glanced off and streams of fiery sparks tlcw off in such numbers that he was frightened half to death, and came rushing into camp shouting that the place was haunted. He finally went out again, but was terrified by finding that even the twigs that he picked up on the ground were as heavy as lead; the- had all turned into stone. He described the place as a weird one, the great trunks standing around here and there like monuments, .some of them Iving liftv or j sixty feet high. 1 lie two nio-t famous localities are at Fort Wingate, New Mexico, and the Lithodcndron. about twenty miles from the Navajo Springs, ArVona. From these localities a fine collection has been taken for the National Museum at Washington. "A detail was scut out under the charge of Lieutenant J. T. 0. Hegcwald. of the Fifteenth Infantry, and they seeured some magnificent specimens. Tho Navajoes that were tending their sheep in the icinity believed the fallen trunks to represent the bones of former giants that their ancestors had killed, and could not understand why the 'Great Father' at Washington should want them. In this place they actually covered the ground in some spots, the trunks often being of great wm. All through the valley- of the Lithodendron thev are found, thousands of tons lvin scattered along the slopes. The ma-1 jority were in pieces of twenty or ten feet long, .so broken bv changes of heat and cold. Other trunks were intact: one measured by the Ueutenaiit was two hundred feet in length and nearly five feet in diameter, the cores often containing wonderful specimens of quartz. The specimens were hauled to Sana Fe, N. M., and there shipped East by rail; but in a year or go not a speci men will be found, as a company has organized to secure them, as, when cut and polished, thev make fine table tons. It is said that a house in Washington is to have pillars at the door made of two of these giants of a former a"v, that, when polished, showing the r?ch coloring, will make something entirely new in the way of decoration. "Last summer," continued the geol ogist, "I took a run up the valley of the east fork of the Yellowstone. There is a country lor you, and, fortunately, in the National Park and to be saved from destruction. In going up the valley you have the beautiful Yellow stone Mountains to the north and to the south the famous Amethyst Mountain, that for its fosxil or stone" forests is ex tremely remarkable. Directly opposite the valley of the Soda Butte Creek rises the mountain, with an exposed strata at least two thousand feet high. The summit is about nine thousand feet up. As you follow up the trail you will at once be struck with the curious surface of the mountain, and there in one section you can count distinctly at least twenty live forest levels formed in this way. The first torest. perhaps a million years ago, grew and died down; so'l accumu lated and then another forest grew on that, until finally the twenty-five have grown. In the meantime strata to the depth of two thousand feet has been de- riOSltpd that IS thl dictinno frnrn flm present trees growing on top to the first i one below is two thousand feet You ! can count up to suit Yourself how many years it took to accomplish this, lor the first four hundred feet the display is not very striking, as the trunks are" partially covered, but as your eye rises you are presented with a geological illustration that is a marvel. At 500 feet from the bottom the levels are as distinctly marked as if they had been made by hand, every trunk and the roots standing out in bold relief the bas-reliefs of nature. Many are thrown out and prostrate, from fifty to sixty feet in length and from five to six feet in diameter. In cases where the roots are seen penetrating the solid rock the sight is an impressive one. showing how many years it must have taken to accomnlish snrh finite .(Lim . of the trees imbedded are over twelve to sPrt who frequented his house en feet in diameter and. as only the tops aWcd Crockford to make enormous show, they must have rivaled the great books on & races, and it is said that sequoias of California. One remark- he neTer was without 31,000,000 owing able feature is that the bark-texture of, to n5m on bets. .V. r. Styt. the wood, grain, etc., are all as distinct . w.ZIZ7T7r"7": w . and well imcm-mii .c it thv 1.. h. . A successful dentist in a Westere sad well preserved as if they had been uucea irom living trees. the solid rock p.boHt them shows this, i Ann.Mwl 5u - -. .:i & i;i?r:r r K,j2rit a - nSir " "-Y?" v'g. "" llr. -.-. : - sons-ro sotwkiv sm-ci nmveu : & i-- ZT- rJ&&rZL IZZiiSi 'SZ :735?!5JXIPiy na ww-neyjoBajsstUsAjrivjwo'lstowHm- teiJorgww.witfc tNtfM ..BrtMlito,? gLZ-',Tg"-Tg $ " E- mmma-wm HmmmmmmmsmA seik msmhbic determine wnat tnev were i what how long ago they lived upon the earth. Icsquereux made the first examination, and pronounced them as belonging to the lower pliocene or upper miocene time of fireolorv. Thev inclnde snnh species as aralia, magnolia, laurus, tilia, fraxinus, corn us, ptcris, alnus, ferns, ttc All around this locality the same old remains of forests could "be found, and the fine collections of quartz and calcitc that were spread about undoubt edly were all formed in the trunks of trees. On the opposite side of the river the same condition of things was noticed, and the trunks here were, if anything still larger and more certainly higher up, as the range was by actu.il measurement over eleven thousand feet high and contained the stony trees to the very summit. The-e forests are found in various parts of the world. In Heard Island there is a cave that contains a number ofextremelv large trees, and in most all coal mines large trunks are found that date back millions and millions of years. In some mines terrible accidents often occur from the presence of these great trunks, as when the bottom of the trunk is cut off down shoots the stony tree upon the miner without warning. In some mines where the trees are solid they aie left to support the ceiling. I have seen a tree taken from a mine at New castle (the Jarrow mine) that was forty feet in length and thirteen feet In diameter. It was worked out of the coal as carefully as possible, but it could not be all removed as the trunk divided at the summit into over twenty large branches. The name of this coal giant was Lcpidodendron Sternbergii. Some of the ferns of this time were gigantic, and in the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences there is a fine collection, showing many specimens from all over the world. Philadelphia Times. HE WAS WANTED AT HOME. The Government Not Needing Recruits tc Clean Out Indians. He called himself Colorado Jack, and he looked as if he might be a bad man to handle. He was up for drunkenness. "Do you plead guilty or not guilty?'' asked the Recorder of the Dallas Polict Court. "You don't try a man for murder be fore the inquests are held, do you: Don't you take me around first to the undertaker's shop to identify the re mains? That is what I have been ac customed to in Colorado. I am always asked to identify my corpses." "What remains? What inquest?" asked the Recorder. "The corpses of the policemen who tried to arrest me," said the desperado. "You are laboring under some hallu cination, mv friend, ' remarked the Re corder. "You didn't kill any police man last night." "Then he isn't dead yet. Take me to the hosp'tal where his life is ebbing away. In Colorado they always take me to the bedside of the dying police man who has tried to arrest me, so he can identify me as the cyclone that devastated him. Have you taken the untr mortem of tho policeman I par tially destroyed last night?" "I don't know what you are talking about,'" said the Recorder: "you were arrested and brought to the lock-up by a little sick talor who couldn't sleep on account of the racket you made." "So I was arrested by a civilian, was I? O. well, that's all right. At first I . was afraid I had disgraced myself. I was afraid I had allowed a squad of policemen to take me. Anycitien can arrest me with impunity. Civilians are i beneath my resentment. A civilian f"1"! kick me and I'll not y my hand ' on him. You can't make me destroy j one. AVhen I want a fight I want some i two or threo policemen to tackle nie as an inducement It takes e i able-bodied policemen to make it in teresting enough for me to let mvself out. I never hsh for sardines. In Col orado they usually bring out a battery on me and a company of infantry, anil then the carnage begins, but here in i Texas, as long as you keep your police force out of mv wav when I am drunk. they are safe. If a squad of pol'cemen had tried to arrest me last night they would now be nestling in some silent tomb, but when a civilian, and particu larly a ta'lor, comes at me I weaken right oil. Let me off this time. Judge, ' I want to leave town right away. I want to offer my services to the United States Government to clean up those Apaches in New Mexico. I am the kind of a man they need." "No," replied the Recorder. "Uncle ( Sam has got lots of just such o vou after those Indians. You llicers as will stay here in Dallas, and help clean up the streets." "Judge, please let me help the Gov ernment to kill oil Geronimo and his band first. His Honor refused to relent, and now the would-be Apache destroyer is chop ping down weeds with a hoe in the streets of Dallas. Texas Sifting. CROCKFORD'S. The Fainono namullMj Establishment In St. .Tame Street, London. Among the witnesses examined before the Committee of the House of Com mons was Mr. Crockford. the proprietor of the famous gambling club in St Jamas Street. Such an establishment would be an impossibility in New York, or indeed in London of the present day, but at that time the magnificent salons and gambling-rooms were crowded evcr-v n'nht b3' the m05t distinguished ncn ,!Lon,do"-1 ,Xhe D"k ?nVe!,inS- ,on' L"sniu" aeyranu. lnnce r.sicr hazy. Lord Lyndhnrst, the Lord Chan cellor and Lord Raglan, afterward of Crimean renown, were among its con stant habitues,. Millions changed hands there every night. Lord Sefton lost 31,000.000 on one occasion. At another time, playing hazard from mid night unt:l seven a. m., four noblemen lost S500.003 apiece, and half the best families in England came near being ruined. There was a costly supper served every night; the famous French cook, Ude, was chef of the establish ment. As Theodore Hook somewhat blasphemously remarked of Crockford. "He tilleth the hungry with good things. but the r.ch he doth send empty away. The large uumber of rich men addicted , city is named Leggo- When be began :i ..irsi.t ..-' ... ly'J? """ " i ' -wnS wr abled I SACRIFICE OF LIFE. The Cost In Hunan Life or the YTar ot the Rebellion. s The results obtained by Mr. Kirkley, a statistician of the Adjutant General's office, compiling from all attainable sources a list of the deaths on the Union side during the war, possess a melan choly but very strong interest at this time. It has been a very difficult task to gather names for this roll. So many perished unseen and unknown; so many rotted away in Southern prisons of whom every trace is lost, that the com piler niightwell despair of ever complet ing his task with anything like an approach to recur icy. Patience and perseverance have at last accomplished the difficult task, however, and we have in Mr. Kirkley's tables what is at least the most accurate and complete death roll yet published, if not one that is absolutely without error. The registers of a dozen South ern prisons have not been secured those at Americus, Atlanta, Augusta, Charleston. Lynchburg, Macon, Mari etta, Mobile, " Montgomery, Savannah, Shreveport and Tyler and only partial records were obtained from Cahawba, Columbia, Florence, Millen and Salis bury; but with these exceptions tho roll is substantially complete. One of the most remarkable results arrived at. at least to tho reader who knows nothing practically of war, is that riiore thau twice as many men died from disease in the army a from the shot, shell, bayonet and sword of the enemy. One hundred and ten thousand and thirty-eight officers and men were killed 'outcight or died of their wounds; but 22 1,586 d:ed of disease. The num ber of those who are known to have died in captivity reaches the appalling total of 29.498." Another remarkable fact is that over fifty per cent, more men were killed in action than died of wounds, the re spective numbers being 62,89(J and 40, 777. At least three-fourths of the wounded must have recovered, partially at least, so that they did not die during the period covered by the inquiry, which ceases with the mustering out at the end of the war. How many veterans there are still among us who carry about their bodies the marks of violence suffered during the war, let the long pcns'on rolls testify. Mr. Kirkley's tables are arranged by State, so that we can tell just how many lives each one contributed to the cause. New York, of course, heads the list, with a total of 46,o:i4; Ohio comes next, with .1o,47."); then Illinois, with 34. 384; then Pennsylvania, with 33.183, and Indiana, with 2G,b2. Michigan, Mis souri, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, Iowa and Kentucky contributed between 10,000 and 10.000 each; all the rest less than 7,000 each. It is worthy of remark that every state now in the Union, except South Carolina, is represented on the list, and every Territory except Utah. There are only l." from Georgia, 42 from Vir ginia, 78 from Mississippi, 141 from Texas, 21.1 from Florida, 315 from Alabama, and 3(10 from North Carolina. Arkansas contributed 1,713 and Tennes see 0,777. This is exclusive of colored troops, of whom 3fi,847 died, and does not take in non-combatants of cither color. The grand total of known deaths in the Union army was nearly 300,000. Adding as many more for the rebel losses probably not an overestimate and taking into account the navies on both s'des, and the prisoners who died unaccounted, we reach a total of at least 800,000 men as the cost of the war to this country nearly one eighth of its entire oting population. N. l'.Mail (i ml fixprc. - FRENCH DIVORCES. Something: Mnro Tli-i.l Hip Decree of a Court Necet'arjr. One of the peculiarities of the new divorce law is that the bonds of wed lock are not completely severed own when the court has granted the divorce. To be entirely rid of his or her chains the party in whose favor the divorce is pronounced is required, within the period of two months, to cite the other one before the same otlicial who per formed the ciil marriage between them. Attendance, of course, is not compulsory, but in most cases the c'tation is obeyed, and monsieur and mailame appear once more before Mon sieur le Maire in the same Salle des Marriages where they were once pro nounced an Horn tie la hi. man and wife. It is not unusual nowadays to witness at the large Parisian mairie.s wedding and divoice parties at the same time, each waiting their turn, and .sometimes there are two or three of each. The former are always in full dres the brides in wiiite and with orange blossoms in their ha'r. and everybody is evidently bent on having a good time the word nocc in French is synonymous for a wedding and a spree. The ""divorces"' aiso make it a point to put on their best clothes on -such an occas'on, but black is le rigour for the lady, and the ex husband eschews white gloves. Each comes accompanied by two tcmo'nx and their friends and relations. Rut it is not good form to laugh or cut jokes. And they divide into two groups which lake places as far apart as possible at opposite ends of the room. After a few minutes of wa'ting, during which the "divorces" remain lugubriously silent. Monsieur le Maire makes his appear ance. Ho wears a tri-colorcd scarf. with tassels around his wast, and the usher shouts out, "Stand up!" an order which all obey. The Mayor takes up his stand behind a long, green table and logins with the marriages. These do not take long, and then comes the turn of the "divorces." The party draw up in line in front of the table, the four witnesses in the middle, the wife to the "right and the husband to the left of the line. The clerk reads the decree of the court as rapidly as he possibly can, and then takes up a collection, ju-t as ne had previously done in the mar riages, '"for the poorof the ward."' This done, the Mayor says: "In tho na.me of the law we declare your marriage dis solved by reason of the divorce pro nounced "between yon." This ends the comedy, and afterexchanging ceremo nious bows each go their own way, accompanied by their friends. Paris Cor. y O. Picayune. The latest theory concerning Brgjit's disease and other affections of the kidneys is that they are due to the immoderate use of ice-water and other chilled beverages. Thirty or forty years ago. a physician asserts, when people slaked their thirst with fresh water from well or pump kidney, disease was virtually unknown. Now.'however, the general use of ice-water in every bouse- j uoiaaua saloon ana toe jMKipneM on or soda lOBBUins, came thoMaM of - iJ. t. .vk " -Z m. t - . . i-wr.T.i -!-- tt w BMim.' uufc i iiiw iwi iiw.aiMX.irffiHi FARM AND FIRESIDE. Fowls like newly-cut grass. They should have all they want of it. The clippings from a lawn mower are just the thing for them. Sunflower seed, which can be easily grown without trouble, forms a food'of which fowls are extremely fond. Chicago Journal. Stones may be made very useful by placing them around plants and trees as a mulch. Thus used under trees, espe cially evergreens, they are very valuable. Oneadvantage over "ordinary mulch in using stones is that weeds are not so likely to spring up among them. Prairie Farmer. s If your children should get peas, beans or pebbles in their ears, do not use pins, knitting needles or anything of that kind in removing them. The safest way is to use a syringe and warm water, if insects should lodge in the ear, fill the ear with sweet oil. which will kill the animal and lloat it out. Albany Journal. Roll Jelly Cake: Four eggs beaten very light, one cup of sugar, one cup of flour, one teaspoonful of cream of tar tar, half-teaspoonful of soda and a pinch of salt. Bake in long tins in thin sheets, spread while warm with jelly and ro'l. and wrap ina towel to keep moist. It is very good. The Caterer. Stewed Lamb: Take the neck or breast, cut into small pieces, and put in a stew pan with some thinly sliced salt pork, and enough water to cover it; cover closely and stew until tender, skim off all the scum, and add a quart of green peas, adding more water if necessary; when the peas are tender, season with pepper and butter rolled with flour. The Household. To kill bugs in peas pour almost boiling hot water upon them, let it re main about ten seconds and then pour off. This will not hurt the peas they will sprout all the quicker for it and it will destroy all the bugs at once. We have practiced this method successfully for years, says the Orange County Farmer. We " should do it just before planting the peas. INSECTS. Tho T.os Infllrtc 1 on the Country IiMcrtlteroux l'esti. bf If any foreign nation should damage us to one-tenth the amount of the loss inflicted upon us by our insect pests we should declare war upon it without any hesitation and go right to work to spend a hundred million dollars in building up a navy to protect our shores. But when fore'gn enemies in the form of destructive insects invade our coasts and spread over our whole territory, we quietly submit to it and make no com bined effort to destroy them and pre vent their ravages. Ti-re is no other loss suffered by the people so 'great as tliia Tli ifTfrrtffrnt nf Mi lrw.i4 liv lire and shipwreck does not reach that inflicted upon the country by pernicious insects. We have numerous insurance companies and costly fire departments organized for our protection from lire, and a signal office to give warnings against storms for the security, of our shipping. Recently we have heard a great deal about the threatening dan ger from contagious diseases of ani mals, and it was not long be fore the Legislatures took act ve means to suppress even source of these diseases and appropriated large sums of money for the purpose. All these things show that when certain persons find their interests threatened and endangered they are not slow to tike measures for defense and protec tion. Rut farmers subm't patently to see their crops destroyed and their sub sistence consumed without making any outcry or claiming, or even suggesting, the need or propr ety of any help from the public authorities or making any ef fort to relieve themselves. A present instance occurs: The seventeen-year lo cists arc again visiting us in some lo calities in large numbers. Tljis insect is known to be injurious to fruit and other trees while it is in its perfect state, and is strongly suspected of committing damage to tin roots of trees during its long life underground. Rut we lake no thought of those things, and however mischievous this insect may be or might be we would still permit it to come and go without any effort to prevent its rav ages. This is not wise. This let-alone pol icy has brought many disasters upon the farmers, and were" it not that our land is so broad there would have been times when fam'ne would have wasted the people through the ravages of inseet pests. Let us go over the list of the most destructive of these insects and try and figure up the cot of them to the farmers. The po tato l)eetle has easily cost us 15,000, 000 every year for twelve years past in loss of crop and the labor in saving the remainder. The cabbage worm has cost S10.000.0JO; the plum curculio costs in actual lo and in indirect damages from the abandonment of the cultureof th's fruit at least 35,00 .O0J yearly. The varions pe?ts of the apple cause a los of 10.0 JO.O JO yearly. The chinch buy averages a yearly damage of 340,000, 000; the what fly and other pests which destroy this grain cost us 340, 000,0 JO: the onion maggot should be charge 1 with a.daniage of at least 35. 001.0J0. and the large number of smaller pests the currant worm the melon beetle, the squash borer, plant and bark Fee. the spruce trej borer, and scores of other-. will help to raise the grand total of losses to quite 3200, 000.000 annually. This is equal to a loss of 10,0'JO.OOO head of cattle on the plains, to twice as much as all our sheep, to twice a much as all oui swine, to the present value of the whole of this year's wheat crop, and were it not distributed over the whole country in small separate quantities the loss would be considered too great to be borne. Now what is to be done abont it? Arc we ever to maintain threatening enemies in our lialds and qu'etly permit them to forage upon us. leaving them to the natural methods of repression, which, sad to say, we actually discourage as much as we can by constant slaughter of the birds which would subsist upon these pestiferous insects? Or shall we take up arms against these pests and by combined efforts under the aid of lawful enforcements strive to extermi nate them? The neglect which now suffers these insects to propagate and increase is a public injury, and no one farmer cap help himself effectually be cause his neighbors on every side per mit their farms and gardens to become a breeding ground, from which new swarms issue to prey upon his crops. Wherever a public sentiment has been encouraged in favor of mutual protec tion this plague has been averted. The town of vineland, in New Jersey ;is an instance of, a successful coinbinatioi) of frnit-growers asrainst, tneir-wscctCen-, Jtuws .iv iib:viii ine ituto irrt-nma !iww:-teysTTjjBAabUBtuWa;raVfr "Croneat 9Caa 1b Alshataa. "De croasest man in Alabama lives dar," laid the driver as we approached a way tide home, near Selma, Ala., to ask accom modation for the night At supper, and after it, "mine host" scowled at every one, found fault with every thins' earthly, and I was wondering if be would not growl if the heavenly halo didn't fit him, when in cidental mention being made of the comet of 18S2. he said: "I didn't like its form, it tail should have been fan shaped 1" Bat. next meaning, he appeared half offended at oar offering pay for his hospi tality 1 My companion, however, made him accept as a present a sample from his case cf $oods. Six weete later, I drew up at the same house. The planter stepped lithely from the porch, and greeted me cordially. 1 could scarcely believe that this clear complexioned, bright-eyed, animated fel low, and the morose being of a few weeks back, were the same. He inquired after my companion of the former visit and re gretted he was not with me. "Yes," said his wife, "we are both much indebted to him." "How?" I asked io surprise. "For this wonderful change in my hus band. Tour friend when leaving, handed him a bottle of Warner's safe.cure. He took it and two other bottles, and now " "And now," he broke in, "from an ill-feeling, growling old bear, I am healthy and so cheerful my wife declares she has fallen in love with me again !" It has made over again a thousand lore matches, and keeps sweet the tempers ot the family circle every where. Copri'ihted. Used by permission of American. 'ItuYal Borne. A stroll through an emigrant train at Pittsburgh revealed Russiaes eating blackbread sandwiches, evidently brought from the other side of the Atlantic; Germans regaling themselves with wheaten bread, rancid butter and smoked sausage, and Hungarians, shunned by their fellow travelers, de vouring musty bread and limburger cheese of great age and proportionate strength. Pittsburgh Post. m It Astonished the rabUe to hear of the resignation of Dr. Pierce as nConcressman to devote himself solely to his Inbors nti a physician. It was because his true constituent were the sick and af flicted everywhere. They will find Dr. Pierce's "Golden Medical Discovery" a beneficent use or his scientific knowledge in their behalf. Consumption, bronchitis, tough, heiirt-discane, fever and ague, inter mittent fever, dropsy, neuralgia, goitre or thick neck, and ujl (libCiineH of the blood, nro cured by this world-renowned medicine. Its properties are wonderful, its action magical. Uy druggists. A rose bush is thought to be exceeding ly modest, but yet it wants the earth. Boston Transcript. t Mosquitoks aro free from one vice at least. They can't stand smoking. Detroit Free 1'ress. m " Say. why la . r ythine Either at size. or at sevens?" Probably, my dei.- nervous sister, be cause you are BUfltiig irom some of the dise.lbes peculiar to your bex. You have a "draggingHlpwij" feeling, the back-uche, you nre debilitated, jou havepaiiiH of vari ous kinds. Take Dr. It. V.-I'ierce'n "Favor ite Prescription" and be cured. Prico rs duccd to one dollar. By druggists. THE GENERAL MARKETS. KANSAS CITT, July IS. CATTLE Shlpti'iiff steers... ?4 TO Gb 5 1" Xut.vccow.s. ...a. 2 11 &. :i:b) Hutcliers steers... 3 a (& i 0J HOOS Gooil to choice heavy 4 (ti ??. 4 .V) J.irlit 3 SO (i 4l WHEAT No. 2 red 77 S T9y No. a led 70 a 7i No.ott tc;V5 !C"5 COKN No. 2 Vf,KGl 37 OATS No. 2 :'f5 "i ltVK No. 2 41V4 4". KMJl'lt Kiiney. jer nick.... 2 ("i fi 2 1". il.VV-r.HiKe lmlcd .', (X) Ci () IH'TTEK Clio ce creamery.. 1". 65 IB CHEESE Full cream 10 p. 11 ECCS Choice 0 it. 7 POUK Hutu U'S 1015 Shoulders 4 41i Sides C OS. ;- LAUD li CM wool Mi-oun nniinhcd. U & 1 POTATOES l'enchtilows 4J dt, 50 ST. LOUIS. CATTLE-Shlppim? Steers.... 4 75 ?, C 00 llutchcrs'fctccr-. 4 :) '. 4 Ki HOOS Packing 4 00 tfi 4 45 SHEEP Pair to choice .. .. 2 75 (To 3 50 KLOrif-Cholce 1 to) dp 4 10 WHEAT No. 2 red 1 111!;"- 102 COHN No. 2 44V5 444 DATs No. 2 .E-'Jft 33 ItVE No. 2 52 ft, y.M IIAICLEV 50 Tt. 70 1IUTTEK Creamery 15 d', 17 POltK 10 W Gl 10 75 COTTON Middlinir 10 6J 10'4 I CHICAfiO. rATTLE-fiood to choice . 4 35 ffj C 05 IIOCS PiickliHrmid'dilppiliir 4 10 dh 4 30 MIEEP Kuir to choice . . 2 Ul ft 4 25 KLOUIl Winter uheut 4 50 (it, 525 WHEAT No. 2 red M (it. !UJ No. 3 t7 & li No. 2 sputiif MVJ N-'.j COKN-No.2 4i.J64 47?i OATS No. 2 31 fe 314' ItVE 57 (Tft 5i', POUK 10 30 &10 37IS NEW YOHK. CATTLE Exports 4 80 Ci, 0 35 HOOS Good to choice 4 50 ff 5 00 SHEEP Common to good... 2 50 4 !) FLOnt-diod to choice 4 15 T!i 5 50 Wl I EAT No. 2 red mi 10) COKN No. 2 SSHIA 52i DATS Vetem mixed 37 fe ShJi POltK 11 45 fe 11 50 PETItOLEUM United 33V6 34 AX nr f TTsTtiiT A--w- wwx 1 JcT ryy G&ij Copyrifihted1. cent For all disorders of the Blood, uc Ayer's Sarsaparilla, i' Prepared bj Dr. J. C. Ajer & Co., Lowell, Mass. o!l b y Druggists. Trice 81 ; six bottles, $3. 111 nOflllOf PURGATIVE rUKAIIWATTT PositlralT ear 8XCK-BZAXACHX.BUltunew. and ksmT no equal. "I find them aT&luabl Cathartto and "la my practice I use bo otter.- J. Denalsoa, MJ Oiwitt. iowZ- iw4sOTsmMMV aall fBr flo ota. in stasis. Valuable muxmauam rTtmMr'il'mZ'sftjri'TifpSfjiSiit BOSS .A, kwmmmsi i idDIII kmrSSSL W" W ' mmmm 55? HHmHH brt6oo t r- MiaBi !! mmmm awssksj ksjstj" K4Mw jfwmmmenht.vrm,jnifa esrsw per- - , -1 ssaUsastMsgaafiMaKsafe'atsS -xk-o. rXEi 15gPPCT, ar-aer ,aBBSSBBBBSBBa3SBE7SBBBBBSaBBBBaSBBBSBBSBBBBBBBBBBl Tl,. T,rsT?',W The Wont Urethral Stricter lil v cured br our new radical methods. 'iranhlet. references and terms, two letter stamps. World's Dispensary Medical As sociation, bt3 joain street, jaunaio, si. x. CRAXBXBltrKS mes will cure dyspepsia, opinion. St. Paul Herald. That's sour m Pnns8 ToOTHACHZURors cure In 1 mlnutS5a Glenn' Sulphur Soap heals and beautifies. 25c. G EBMAX Cons Bexover kills Corns a Bunions. FLOCTtisnntQ business that "of. .th writing master." HAY-FEVER. For ten j ers or more I haTebeeaagrca: sufferer each year, from August Sth till f n- and hare trie SE.U7 alleged remedies for Its cure, but Klj'i Cream Balm li the only preventv Ure I hare eTer found. Har-TeTerroBereTS eught to Snow of 1U efflcacx. Fbaxk B. Araawoaxa. of Frank B. Alaiworth 4Ca, PubUahera. IndlaaapoUa, lad. CREAM BALM CATARB has gained an eariable rep utation wberever fcnown. dlirJacloK all other prepa rations. A particle Is ap IHAY-FEVER plies, taio ei Med into ecU nostril; nopaln; recable tonic ,cc 5w. or man or at urarcisiB. scmwr viMsa, ELI" BBOT11KB3. Imigglsts. Oweico. N.T. c?H Indigestion Cured. I suffered for more than Are years with Indigestion, scarcely able to retain tne stmpleit food on my stom ach. 1 declined la flesh, and suffered all the usual depression attendant upon this terrible disease. At last, falling to And relief In anTttdngelse. I com menced the use ot Swift's Specific. The medicine toned up the stomach, strepgtbenedtha digestive or gans, and soon all tbat burning: ceased, and I could re tain food without difficulty. Uow my health Is good, and can eat anything In the shape of food, and digest It without difficulty. Tata the prescribed dose after eating. JAMES MANN. Ho.llTy8u For sale by aU druggists. ... Treatise on Blood and Sfcln Diseases mailed free. H.Y. 137 TV. 23d St. TUB ttw;in srcLiriu t-v-. Drawer 3. Atlanta, Ga. Di. Barker, of the Brighton. England. Hospital. says: "Itldgei rood resembles the mothers mus to closely tbatlnfsnta are reared, and well reared, ex clusively upon luJ Another physician, atlbebcadof an orphan asylum, says: IbjuebecnuslngtbU prep aration for (he yean or more, and have the most un bonuded faith In It as a diet for Infants up to. Bay, elehtecn months old." WlLHOFT'S FEVER AND AGUE TONIC A warranted cure for all diseases caused by malarial poisoning of the blood, such as Chills and Fever. Fever and Ague. Sun Fains, Dumb Chills. Intermittent. Kemlltent, Bilious and all other Fevers caused by malaria. It Is also the safest and best cure for enlarged Spleen (Fever Cake). General Debility and Periodic Neuralgia. gSFor Sale by all Druggists, CHAS. F. KEELER, Prop., Chicago, III. ?!il for oar R.Bilf.itlr Illustrated C.t&lmra. af B.md I 4D 1HTM Corr. UlMFKkMS. 30 Colored fufcfcin pl.t. lllntUlUons and rrlcn af ILti.tletroeti. CI. Ponrtm. 1W1U. Drain Mmv Outfiu. ronir.ni. rtamrt. rm,l.iw. SbonMer Knots. GolJ Cora nl it.1 PItci n4 Bnn. C Isnip, etr. MsiMfrr.. LYON & HE ALT. Chicago 1 jti-n. Hulions. fjrpam.au. uua .na reto- LE PACE'S LIQUID GLUE. I.UNEQUALLEDFOR CEMENTINQ nuuu, uui&s. tninA, rar'E.n. LtAintn,KD AWARDED COLO MEDAL, LONDON, J-Xi. Usui by Muon ITunlin Ortran 1'ilDO Co..l"uMir:ta PtUlcs Car Co. Ac. Mf.l onlT bv thr- RUSSIA I CEMENT CO. GLOUCESTER, MASS. SOLO EVERYWHERE. Sample Tin Cans lent br Mail. Zo, Sf I niEDCNEWLA-iTS;Offleer-'ryfron ULUICnOcuinmI.vU(.nj;De.rrter- reliev ed; frmloiu and lncrcac: experience Wyears; success or no fee. Write for drculirs and laws. A. W. McCOIUllCK. faOX. Cincinnati. Ohio. ORGANS The most beantlf nl and finest toned CANCER ! Treated and curra without rhe Knife. iioiik on tn ntmrnt rnt Irer. Aililrrw .L.FOXD.M.D.. Aurora. KanuCo.IIL EDUCATIONAL. f Xj.rclrct f rhool for eood sir Mo. Senators. Catalogue J. 1 855. THE NATIONAL NORMAL 1885. UNIVERSITY;- :nt!reevpcnea-WtoruJ week. Oicr'ijUcnrtillcii. 0 era) Departments main tained. Allnrofe.slonsnro. Mcdfnr. jLcgttl Diplomas conferred. Over 5.00 Tciehera anil Bookkeepers, trained here, have been helped to Oood Situation. Any Young Man or Vfoniin can pursue any stndy with Ir z ' stndy with JLr A.x- H0LBRO0K penirut a line anu sioney than at any other Institution In the LT. S. Catalogue and full lnfnrmatlcm frep. Adtlrrxa. I .President AjLFJLED Lebanon. 'Warren Co-O. If You are Driven Wild With itching, take the advice of a friend, (though he calls you aside at an evening party to give it), and rid yourself of the trouble by the use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. . A few weeks since I was attacked i ith n severe and dUtrci'inij form of Eczema. The eruptions spread a cry generally over my body, causing an intense itching and burning scnation, especially at night. "With great failh in the virtues of Arer's Sarsaparilla, I commenced taking It, and, '. after haingued less than two bottles of this medicine, am entirely cured. Henry If. Bcardxlcy, of the Hope "2f ine," West' Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. B."W. Ball, the well known journal. 1st, writes from Rochester, X. 1 1. : slaving suffered severely, for some time, with Eczema, and failing to find relief from other remedies, I have .made use, during tho past three months, of Ayer's . Sarsaparilla, which has effected acomplcte cure. I consider this medicine a mairnifi- remedy for all blood diseasesV " 1 ' all 1 j"i- I'vxaaL'gw kUIIBPSf, . OK thr le to plant 8ve i l or cntUrm whodTfofleatep) i rw . 11 r woa f. tea to ttasM.' TJT W wiiyjnjnonea it i:uosr or- fM -ciworAi BSisl rl lyrffljB B J BSIHr W" Ll uraix L-i IbftaW irm sad BOWXZ. Oosylaiau.TtsVLAXIA. SOaX). 7or Wvmale-CoiapIalBta these riliZ jgpysyggi 'iyal" a j .V3 - -i - it - H if T ) r ,i Si . stli &r- .J l i -v?' I 4 1 r-JI '$ iri r.A j'J ' i-?l Vr4 '&&22 i? -J . ifii. , , - ?!3 mm m s?1 ' -..-. -. i- --tr3-T-titv'-E'3- w. " v--.i-xsr-.-i. ----i'-,r7.-.-avj or.',.vT .r-zrx.'--.i.-ir' iv-s . TJir ; T-r.f -w.i--- --' -- , - -. - :-- v. -swa.ji' ?. 'c- ---? . - --a" ..