Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. r. NO. 40.
COLBY, THOMAS COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1SS5.
1.50 TER YEAR,
Odby Union Sunday School iiK-ota cverr
Sunday at 1U a. m.
Pnai'hinxHt H a.m.
SJnin. Ht7:I!0 p. m.
I'reiic'jiHK' at i. m.
iorvice held in Mr. llcun'H Hull. All are
luviteJ. "Whosoever will miircomp."
E. A. CIJOUSK. Pastor.
JT. B. Tokbijs. W. F. S 1GKB.
K. A. Uau. Cashier.
Thomas County Bank.
Tombli.v & Saoer, Props.
Does a laMiernl banking- busies, loans
uonoy. writes Insurance, sells fa-turn ex
iiie. Collections ptoiuptly at tended to.
KAWIJNS - COUNTY BANK.
R. A. HENDRICKS.
Kotitttv loans on rcnl estate in Thomas.
hal:nc and ('lie.wnnc counties.
f'?ll!LH terms mid quick returns.
"lessenger & jaccarT
Law, Loan and Land
jJl Kinds oNcjr.tl business transacted. Deed
rJ tuid school iaiid ior shIo. Money to loan in
siiiiuto unit tiio hoirower. Coiiuspoiiiieuco
Office opposite Co:nniTial Hotul.
CULHY. THOMAS COUNTY. KANSAS.
MASTEIIS ol ALLING,
Livery and Feed Stable
Opposite City Hotel.
Grocery Store !
W. II. AKCHKR.
fJTA Rood selection of lreth Krocarios. aJo
rry omi clothing and dr.) K'te.
OTTER ISO I UN E, - .KANSAS.
Z. I. BENTON,
HouscCarriage and Sip Painter
JOHN A. WALKKR,
Livery & Feed Stable
Good nsriml p!onty of
?t:ibiinx ttiul Koed.
OOTL.33-H", - 221-a-iTS-.S.
Honker Hill Roller Mills!
Hkam: a. Ek vkin. I'mps.
Capacity 200 Barrels per Day.
Ouo of the most complete lollor ndlll
In the Mate.
City Meat Market !
T. r. FEEIIAN.
Kreah ami cured meats for sale at all
Oolbt. ... Kansas.
W. E. WELD,
Attorney & Counselor
OrrOSlTKTJIOSKS COUNTT B M1C
Wild and iiiiprmcd latuN bought mid
chl. lusunitieeM.cuntl in the mnt reliable
oinpanies. 'Iase paid Tor non-i evident.
Money to loan on chattel or real estate security.
Coi!x:lions nmdeand a veiicral Uw buiines
transacted in all the State mid Federal Court.
W. G. PORTER.
Attorney at Law
HT"AU land limine promptly and accurate-1
iy uuuu aim rnu-iticuoii K"raiut-u.
Law, Loan and Land Office of
Willcoxon & Vanclcavc.
J)d aKcneral law business. Perded and
Sool land for -u!c. Money to loan ou chat
or real estate bccurity. Correspondence
OtHce. Cor. Ir..nklin A v. and 3d St.
J. R. COLBY,
Notary :-: Public
jLli business In thle line promptly utundcd,
GEO. W. GOODSOE.
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Kenl nutate bnujrht nml M. Money
louued on clmttcl and iciiI estuto necurity.
OrncE over Post Offick.
K. T. HEMMING,
U. S. Land Locator,
Qcicktille.,. - Kansas.
F. S. SEK,
Frvnk Pi.mii'.kf. Notary Public. Colby, Kan.
L. W. Cuc, Collector, Coily, Kansas.
riN(rKEK & COX,
Real Estate Insurance
We lime choice farms and wild lands in Ni
lraka. also school and deeded laiuts in Thom
as county. Kanms. Locatinjc done in Thorna
and Sheridan counties promptly and accu
rately. A. II. Jauiiim.
JARDINE & KEED,
Wo have choice farms f.ml
hcliool hnuls for sale iu
Thomas county, Kansas.
.1. J. bKAKS.
T. II. Moiiton.
SEARS A MORTON,
Keal Instate Agents,
(I1I.MOCK T. O.. CI.KVLLANP,
t. John count. U. P. It. R.. wVore all tniins
top. We are doiuir a irenenil land bu-ine-s.
I.ointiu hi ThntiutH H!id St. John eonntis
made a spitialty. Allkind1 or land buMiie-s
S.J. OMUlllH. LtK MONKOU
OSBORN & MONROE,
Real Estate Ae'tsl
II. R YAXCE,
Shop tlr-t dfMr noi th of CT oihee. (' ner
al bliiekstnithiiitrnttil repairing ilone on hort
not See. llor-e-hoeinir and plow work a -pe-eiultv.
All work irnaranteed. Cie mea c.ill.
-Of all kinds maite out aml-
TOWN L OTS
Come and tee sue.
THE THOMAS COUNTY CAT.
2?Mt Bolldinc Drpnil-nt X'pon nIra
niont. Not lnttinrt.
The way in which a bird build its
nest, seemingly without instruction,
thought or experience, has been re
peatedh brought forward as a convincv
ing proof of blind infalbblc instinct
governing it in its task. Nomoro popu
lar proof has been brought forwartl by
the .supporters of the blind instinct
theory than that of bird architecture.
It is thought a wonderful thing for a
bird to build a net without any in
struction or without ever seeing a'nest
typical of its species. That birds are
capable of such marvellous powers has
long ago been denied by Mr. 'Wallace,
and we have not a particle of evidence
that such i the case ("Nat. Selection,"
and Soebohm'fi "Brit. B.," ii. Iatrod.).
Indeed the evidence. uch as we can
glean, goes far to disprove the presence
of any such instinctive power. Birds
brought tip in eonlinoment have been
found not to make a nest tp:cal to
Lheir spec"e. but generally content
thenjseles withforminga rudimentary
trucluro heaping a lot of material to
gether without any design, or even lay
ing their eggs on the bare ground with
no provision at all! In my opinion,
howoe.r. the condition" of life are so
changed when a bird i'kept in confine
ment, that too much weight should not
be attached to its actions in captivity,
and the evperment has never, to niy
knowledge, fairly been tried with wild
birds, or birds under normal condi
tions. A remarkable instance, however, of
a changed mode of nest building has
just been brought to my notice by Mr.
W. Burton, the well-known naturalist
of Wardour Street. Some time ago his
brother (now employed at the museum
at Wellington, N. Z.), took out to New
Zealand a number of young birds of
our common native species with the
iew of introducing them to the Anti
podes. Among them were some young
ehatlinehes (Fringilla ca-lebs). The-
were turned out and have-thrhen well
in a wild state, bidding fair to perma
nently e;tabli?h this charmimr little
bird in our distant colonies. Some of
the birds have birlt a nest; and to Mr.
Burton I am indebted for a photograph
of the wonderful structure they have
wou'ii It is -vidently built in the fork
of a branch, rnd .shows ery 1 ttle of
that neatness f fabrication for which
the bird it not'd in England. Uhe ma
terial with which it is made seem ery
different too. The cup of the nest is
small, looelv put together,' apparently
lined with feat lien., and the walls of the
sttueture are prolonged for about
eighteen inches, ami hung loosely dow n
the side of the supporting brunch.
The whole structure bears some re
semblance to the nests of the hang
nets (Icteridte), with theexoept'on tli.it
the cavity containing the ejrgsij. situated
on the top. Clearly the-e New Zea
land chaffinches were at a los-,for a de
sign when fabricating their nest. They
had no standard to woik bv, no nests
of their own to copy, no older biids to
uive them any instruction, and the re
sult i the abi ormal structure I have
just described. I'urhaps the-e chaf
finches imitated in some degree the
net of some New Zealand spee'ea: or
it may be that the few resemblances
this extraordinary structure present
to the tvpical net of the Pahearctc
chaffinch are the results of inemorjr
the dim remembrance of the net" in
wh'ch they had been reared, but which
had almost been effaced by novel Mir
roundings and changed condit'ons of
life. Ainway we hae here at last a
mo-t intcretitisr and conducing proof
that birds do not make their net by
blind iii.-tincl. but by imitating the
nest in which they were reared, aided
largely by rudimentary reason ami by
memory. Ih-ienot the least doubt
that, had the.- oung chaffinches been
fialrhf'd in an nlien not in this country
and never allcwed to sec a net typical
of their specks, or have any connec
tion with o'd and experienced birds,
the results would have been still more
startling and strange. Man has to
learn the part'cular art of house-build-iug
practiced by his mn peculiar race
bird hae o do the same! Charles
Dixon, in Xaiure.
Honors to an Alleged Witch.
The descendants of Rekccea Nourse,
who was hanged as a witch at Salem,
Tillage. Mass.. on July 19, 1692. and
buried at the old homestead at Dan
rers, hae erected a monument to he
memory over her grave. Th inscrip
tions are as follows:
(Line by Joha Q. Whltticr.)
O, ChriiUan a&rtyr, who for trittt MVM
When all about thee owned the Mdeaui U:
The world, redeemed from SujerCitioa
It breatbiBg freer for thy take to-day.,
tOn the reverte.)
Accutcd of witchcraft, the declared: -I
ra inuoceat, aad God wUI dear mr
eacy." , . .
Once acquitted, yet faltely coadeareaa, eat
offered death July U. HaB. , ,
In ioviac laeaiory of her Cartttiaa ebane
ler. even tare fully attested by forty of bet
aeiabbor. tale Moausaeat mi erectod, Jaly.
' Horses have a natural diiiiKe ior
. and lctre(,T b.
induced to charge upon a body of
these desert animals, even wbaa
A SAD MISTAKE.
Some Koart-Felt .tledltatlons LyaCitftfo
I love her deeply, and devotedly. Or
Lb it devotedly and deeply?
What matters? ,
Wc are all in all to one another. Wo
live but for our love. The occupation
b wh'ch I gain my bread becomes
daily more distasteful to me. 1 madly
plunge at m hat and coat the moment
the hour of release arrives.
I can hardly be passingly civil to my
employer. Happily, though, as yet 1
have not struck him.
It is the same with mv Matilda. o
i she tells me. She counts the lonir.
leaden, weary hours that we perforce
must spend apart.
She sa s her work, too. ii hateful to
her, She says, though, that it is not
only for herself that she has to work,
but for her mother, an invalid, for
whom the doctor has prescr.bed a
My Matilda is a postmistress, but her
mother's board and lodging in the
wanner climate are dreadful drags
upon the poor girl. "Courage! cour
iige!"' I trv;w'h:it is enough for one is
enough for two." Stav will it bo
enough for three also? 1 had not
thought ot this before.
My emplover and I have exchanged
word. Nay, blows also have passed
between us and kicks. It matters not
uow who got them. I feel much hurt.
I am without employment. The
world is before me and the newspapers
are full of advertisements, but there
does not set m to be any special dem.tnd
for my services. At present my only
means of support are what Matilda can
lend me sifter providing for her mother.
It seems what is enough for one has
now to do for three.
I can't see anything in the papers
that will at all suit me. What 1 want,
it appears to me. is more change of air
than anything else. I mention this to
Matilda and she weeps. I must say
Matilda has not got the chcvrfulcst of
At the nick of time I fell across some
long-lost relatives'. They have saved
me. 1 am to have a long rest at their
c.!Minse. I am to have change of air
a warmer climate. I am now at .N ice l
complete and blissful idleness. 1 have
met a rich English widow a most
After all, it will be very absurd of 1
.Matilda if she takes it to heart. Ma
tilda's salary is not large enough. And
as for me 1 really, positively can not
work. I feel I can not. and all efforts
are usoless. Wedded to the widow,
v by need I?
I'm an idiot! How could I have
allowed imsclf to be taken in by what
tihe suid? I ought to have made sure.
Why, the wretched old importer lives
but on the oharity of her daughter, just
as Matilda's mo
Merciful goodness! What was Ma
tilda's mother's name? Not Matilda's
I know, for she took a second husband.
Is it possible I have - Yes! I have
.larried Matilda's mother. I'hiladcl'
Kansas' Proud Record.
If there are any people in the
world who have a right to feel thank
ful, they are those who live in Kansas.
During her twenty-live years of ma
jority she has made a proud record
among the states and all people now
do her honor. Ten years sigo men
traveling east did not like to say they
were from Kansas, where the grass
hoppers had eaten the crops clean.
That was the year when so many beg
gars went forth when so many went
away to staT with their relation. Dur
ing the year of 1885 Kansas hav gain
ed one hundred thousand in popula
tion. She has produced two billion
bushels of corn, ten bushels of wheat
for every one of her million and quar
ter citizens. Her stoek interests have
wonderfully increased, and there has
been progress in all right directions.
Xo one is now ashamed to proclaim
he is from Kansas. -What makes
this so grand a commonwealth?
First, the coming together of the go
ahead people of every state and na
tion, and harmonious work m building
up homes and society; next, a genial
climate, rich soil, pure water (and
plenty of it) The more one reads of
and sees the people in other lands, the
more thankful will he feel tlwthis lot
was east in Kansas. And the next
generation wil.1 find her a long way
ahead of her present position, Leav
HOWELL LUMBER CO.
Have opened a yard in Colby and keep constant-.
Iy on hand a full and complete siock:of !
jumlw Jatli Jali?
Give us a call and
prices are the lowest.
ENNIS & NEIL'S CHEAP CASH STORE.
Seven Miles Nearer than Cleveland
Down prices go. Save money by
Groceries, provisions, hardware, stoves, tinware, queensware,
boots, shoes, hats, dry goods, blankets, comforts, etc.
LUMBER, LIME AND IEED.
Best lump coal from $6.00 to $6.50.
A car load of splendid Iowa potatoes. We are sol agents
for the celebrated Star windmill, tubular well supplies and
deep well pumps.
'Homes for the Homeless !
I have for sale some very desirable tracts sf
land in the now well known
beautiful countv of Thomas at from
$4.50 to $6.00 Per Acre.
Terms to suit'.tfje buyer, and at low
rate of interest . The- spring rush
is eoinor to be immense, and land
must raise in value, so
Now is the Time to Invest.
If you can't come, write me for de
scription of lands and prices.
W. H. COPELAND,
Joorff uue, Jjte
be convinced that our
W 1 1 ke i. ek , A I anager.
St. John County, Kan.
Wtur are lying down aad tied,
? vvs. - r