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KESr & wSm rj -V -"5;--,-, -" THOMAS COUNTY OAT. PORTER A HOVEY, Publishers. t COLBY. KANSAS. ' RETROSPECTION. When I loot back Upon my boyhood's happy days, I hear my mother's songs of praise. And eee again her jrentic ways Wbcu I look back. When I look back Upon iny starting out in .life. Into the world, 'mid snares so rife, I think or ner who cheered the strife When I look back. When I look hack Upon the phadow since that feu On my dear home: death's warning knell, 3Xv mother's cry. I fear full well When I look back. When 1 look back "Upon my f.uher s dying bed. .And see her lave his fevered head, Hive nifain tliose hours of dread When I look back. When I look back Upon my lruitlos, ill-spent years. Since manhood's dawn, with hopes and zeaxs, Isuc my mother's blinding twirs When 1 look back. When I look back Upon the past, and now see where 3 might have s:icd her lite from care, Hope dares to ne above despair When 1 look back. When I look back Upon tfcis retrospective view. Her teachings b.d me this to do: Xo thine own self be ever true! When I look back. When I look back Upon mv mother's cheerful face, Illumined by love's holy grace. My grief shall then to joy give place When I look back. Castar Rett, in Clticaao Herald. THE LOST WATCH. How It "Was Restored to Its Owner. Greta lay awake half the night, thinking about a watch she had lost the previous afternoon. Miss Sadie Am bler, her Southern friend, had lent it to her so that she might know the time while she and her companion were in the woods. Greta could not imagine how she had lost it. She was one of those impulsive girls who spend a great deal of energy in repairing mistakes the next best thing, doubtless, to not making them. Her age was only in- teen. Her father was a physician, whose failing health had caused him to leave the Massachusetts coast for the pine woods of North Carolina. The latter were a favored resort near min eral springs, and many Northern guests spent their winters there. Miss Ambler received news of the loss of her watch with philosophical kindness. As the watch, in spite of a vigorous search, was not found, Greta resolved if possible in some way to "make sufficient money to buy another. Her father was poor, and she could not ask him to make good the loss. So one morning, a week later, she called on the president of the school board of the county, and asked him to give her the situation of teacher of the colored school the townspeople were intending to start in a few days. The gentle man, after looking keenly at her, at first said that she was too young. Then, remembering how difficult it was to procure a teacher for such a school, he said she might have it tem porarily. Greta thanked him, and went home rejoicing. Her parents made no objection to her plan. At last the opening day came, and she started for the school, feeling a good deal like Columbus, when nobody be lieved he was going to succeed. "Do you turn to the right here to get to the school-house?" she asked of a white workman she met in the road. "Yes, miss. Then go up the hill. then down again; then turn to the left, and thai it is. Is you uns the Yankee schoolma'am?" eyeing her curiously. "No, you uns aint nothin' but a gal, like my Liz." He laughed pleasantly as he said this. Greta felt somewhat disturbed by this; nevertheless, she saw that he meant no disrespect So she replied witfi a bow, and walked quickly by. While she was yet some distance away from the scene of her future labors, she heard a noise like the repeated Hinging down of heavy bodies; then screams of "He! he! he! Yah! hi! oh!" Then. as she entered the open door of tht school-house, profound silence ensued. The pupils were most of them flat on the floor, where they had been enjoy ing a prolonged scuffle. "Good-morning, children!" said the new teacher, walking into the room with studied dignity. The children rose hastily, and re turned the salutation. Two or three of them replied: 'Good-morning, teach er!" m a sheepish way. Others bowed very low, scraping the floor with their bare feet and said: "'Morniu', mis tiss!" "Please take your places at the desks, immediately," she said, in a severe accent wishing to awe her pupils at the start so they would not have a suspicion that their teacher, in spite of her long dress and tucked-up hair, was a mere child. Then she stopped to count them; there were twenty boys and girls. Some of the girls were in gala attire, with new bright calico aprons on, and their heads looking very fluffy and big, the usual plaits of their working-days all carded out and tied with gay bits "of ribbon. The little girl nearest to her looked up in her face with an irrepressible giggle, and exclaimed, as if from the very fulness of her heart: "You is pretty, and you looks jis' like a lady what gib me nvc cents his' summer." "Ain't she sweet!" another cried out to the imminent danger of the disci pline Miss Bond was struggling to es tablish. "Hesh your blxck motif!" command ed one of the larger boys, savagely. "Can't you see the teacher wants yer to keep quiet?" Here Greta touched a bell she found on the table in front of her. "Chil dren, I .shall expect implicit obedience from every one of you" "What am phcitP " she heard iu -4 -whisper soiuewbcra T mt h ,n .t Mcrfeef obedience from gave f..c promise she asked. Forgive- . ., !.. j 1 U-n nucc uml linln WPM Sf tlfiff to him. he yon we! cither. taking your names, joiub uu, uuo uj one, as you are sitting." First, a boy stepped up briskly. Greta had brought a blank book to use for this purpose. "What is your name and age?" she asked him. Tse named Mahaly's Cunid." What is your last name?" '"Cupid," "he replied, confidently. "No, that is your first name." "You means Mahaly, den, don't you, lady? She's my mother. I aint got no mo' name dan dat I libs at Mars' Jim's, an dey calls me Mahaly's Cupid." She wrote that down. "How old are you?" . "Dunno, lady. I disremembers." "Are you ten?" "I reckon 1 is. I was right smart big when de wah (war) done broke. 1 'members when ole Uncle Nick died. Mammy says dat was in de wah. He die ob dropsy on de chist, an' I run an' burn up my "little chist what I brought my cloes in from Firginny, 'cause I didn't want to git de dropsy an' die on it" "Never mind, Cupid. You can go back to your seat. The next who came to the desk was one of the fancy-headed girls. She gave her name as "Cherry Fyle." "Cherry Pic!" repeated Miss Bond, incredulously." "Cherry Pylc." "How old are you?" Cherry hesitated. "Miss Hannah she say I is eight, but mammy say I aint but seven. "Christmas Jones" came next, then a well-mannered lad of about fourteen, who was intelligent in all his answers, and said his name was "Chiet Justice Marshall." "At least that's the name father gave me, teacher. He was from Richmond, and used to live with the Chief-Justice's folks. But they call me 4 Marsh ' for short 1 live over at Mr. Fields'." Greta found that as a rule, the chil dren took the surnames of the fami lies to whom their parents had former ly belonged. A ragged and dirty little urchin came up presently, and gave his name as "Syphax Cunningham," and his age as nine. She could see that for some reason the other scholars looked down upon this bov. it was plain thst they did not regard him as "hrst-clas, ' but this only caused her to feel a deeper interest in him. Ther was a "Chloe," a "Phoebe," a "Til lah,"a -Viney" and a "Lily Dale;" a Patience," a "Phyllis," a ' "Penny," a "Nero" and a "Julius Caesar;" also a "James Buchanan." After she had finished entering their names, she took up the "First Reader." and turned to one of the easiest pieces. "Stand up in a row, children," she said, "and I'll hear vou all read." At this at least half of them said they could not read. She began with Chloe. The lesson began with the text: "A lamp unto thy feet" "A 1-a-m-rf.'" Chloe cried out in a sonorous voice. "No, don't call that letter a d." "Well, den, it's a 6." "No, it is not a b." "Den it's a q." The teacher shook her head. "Ef it aint a q, I knows it's a p," said Chloe, lighting up again. "Dem letters certainly does boddcr me, some o' dem handles a-sottin' up, an' some o' dem a-sottin down!" Cherry Pyle next took the book. While she was spelling out the words monotonously. Tillah, farther down in the class, let fall the book she had in her hand, and her head bobbed over to one side. She was asleep. "Heads up!" ordered the teacher. "Attention!" Here Christmas Jones, her brother, broke out. "Tillah allers do go to sleep, 'cep' when she's play in'. Mammy can't gib her a candle to hold widout she drap it to de llo an' most set de house afire." As the days became weeks, she found that it was difficult to make the chil dren feel that the purpose of the school was study and not play; further than this, they could not remember an' thing from one day to another. An other problem confounded her, and that was how to fill up the number of hours she was required to spend with them. At last she took a new depart ure. She dropped books for one-half the day, and taught her pupils through the medium of their senses. She gave each one a garden patch to cultivate. Sue told them stories, and encouraged thexu to ask her questions about any thing they did not understand. Then she brought a large doll of her own to school, with what scraps of cloth she could find, lie gayer the better, and taught the girls how to cut and make clothes for it offering the doll and her trousseau as a reward to the best scholar at the end of the term. Chloe afterwards won this prize, for when she once grasped those handles to the d's and b's, p's and q's, they turned .a crank in her brain that never stopped again. One day Christmas came to her with a grievous complaint against Syphax. "He done stole my snack, teacher." "What makes you think so, Christ mas? Take care how you accuse him of such a dreadful thing." "I hab cheese an' sicafree (fricasseed) chicken for my snack, an' he smell ob cheese; he didn't have nothin' but hoe cake for his snack, 'cause I seen him when he open de paper. You jis' look in his basket" byphax denied the charge, but the circumstantial evidence was so strong against him that Greta requested him to remain after school. "Syphax," she began solemnly, when they were alone after the other schol ars had gone, "don't you know God is looking at you when you steal and lie?" "Lay (let) Him look, den!" ex claimed the offender, defiantly. "I ain't 'feared o' Him as I is ob Aunt Chany; I done it to ple'tse her. She say shewhip me ef I don't bring her soino.thin' ebery day, now she spare me to go toschooL" "JLid sha say that? Then I'll go home with you to-day and see that she don't punish you, if you will prom ise me not tc steal again"." The boy looked up at her gratefullj, I -j-iito a strange inquiring glanor, as ho . ana ii yoa are gouu. uu uucv i"c ..-- - shall, I think, get along nicely to- could not fully understand them, but Vnnr T will hoorin CAhnOl 11V 110 IC1E lliCir lyiviue uiuucuw. auu was an ancient negress who lived in a miseiablo hut in a barren field. She was held in awe by the negroes on account of her pretensions as a "conjure woman," and hcr'super stitious practice of charms and phil- ters- , "Ef she don't whip me, teacher. said Syphax, as they drew near the house, he holding on to her dress for protection, "i'se 'feared she'll put a spell on to me, an' I'll git pains all ober me an' die." "That is all nonsense, my child. God does not give such power as that to any one. She can't do that to you any more than you can to her."' "But she gib pennyroy'l tea to Clanssv, wid" snails' tongues in it, an' she lay a bundle o' crooked sticks at her do', an' Clarissy she neber git well no mo'," insisted he, his eyes growing large as he spoke. "Oh, you must not believe that! She has no such power." When Chany saw them coming, she came out to her door, anil greeted the young lady in the blandest tones. "Bless your pretty face," said she, "come in and rest you'se'f. I wonders de boys don't run away wid you, you so MVuet!" Not noticing what Mie said, Greta said: " I want to see you about Syphax." "What you been dom', you var mint?" said the woman, turning to ward him, and he cowered beneath her glance. She was a short, wiry ne gress, with a very black face, and a very yellow bandanna on her head. Her eves were small but piercing. "1 want to tell you," interrupted Greta, "that if you and Sphax have not enough to" cat, we will try and help you from our kitchen, but he mustn't be encouraged to bring things home from school that are not given to him." "He been stealin'? dat little niggah! Miss Bond, I done raise him from de bottle; his mother she die when he wait free weeks ole; I'se gittin' to be an ole 'oman now. I aint got but two tecf in my head, but bless de Lord, one o' dem's on top o' de udder! an now dat boy take to stealin'!" Notwithstanding her fluency, she did not inspire Greta with confidence; she felt that Syphax had told her the truth. Looking steadily and sternly at her, Greta replied: "Yes, he has been steal ing, and I think it was because he was told to. Now let me say, that if you whip to-day, or any day, I shall know it. As surely as you do it, 1 shall take means to prevent your doing it in the future." Chany had evidently no desire to offend the white people around her, and was impressed by the firm man ner of the voung teaeher, for she re plied: "1 aint gwine to tech him, lady; he won't steal no mo'. He'll be a good boy, I'm shua. Won't you have a glass o' buttermilk fo' you go?" "No, I thankyou. Good-bye. Now remember what! say," and she left the tu o gazing at her, as she walked away up the road. After this the devotion of Syphax to his teacher was very touching; he fol lowed her about Tike a faithful dog. One da he came late to school; was he relapsing into his truant ways? When she asked his excuse, he said: "I tell after de school, teacher." When the school had cloed, Syphax said: "Teacher, come wid me down home; I got somethin' to show you doun dar." Old Chany' s cabin was just outside of Mr. Cameron's plantation. "She's in de field now. I reckon pickin' up goubers for ho.r-:e'f," he said, and in his eagerness, he almost dragged Greta into the cabin with him. Then he rushed to the bed. and drawing a key from under the pillow, he unlocked a haircloth trunk in the corner. "O teacher!" he gasped, "don't scoic me. I didn't know it was yourn nobody tole me, till I done gib it to Aunt Chany" and he handed her a watch. Greta started, and her eyes and mouth opened wide. "Is it de one 3011 lost?"' he asked, eagerly. "The one? yes," said she, joyfully, at once recognizing the enameled case of Miss Ambler's long missing watch. "Where did you find it?" "In dem woods ober yonder. It shine up at me out o' the groun'. She gwine to take it to town an' sell it, she sa, but I couldn't let her, till I see if it was yourn fust. I lub 3011 so much, teacher" here Syphax began to cr; 'you is de onliest pusson who cber was real good to me." Now the sweet note of the Southern mocking-bird came through the open window, like a song of triumph over this little struggling soul, newly born through love and sacrifice. Greta reached out her hand to take the watch, when a black hand, fkinny and muscular, closed in a firm grip over hers, and a shrill voice cried at the highest pitch: "What yer doiu coram' here to a poor 'oman's house when slu's out an J goin' in her trunk, an' projec'kin' ober lier things? You got my watch, what ni ole mistiss gib me. Gib it back to me dis minute!" Ciiany had heard them talking, and crept shly on them un perceived. Greta struggled stouth, and iinalh' succeeded in keeping the watch, and thrusting it in her bosom for safety. Syphax cowered behind her in dire alarm, for he knew his turn wonld come next "You mis'able pieon-tocd, slew footed, knock-kneed, bow-legged nig gah, what ou bring dat white gal here for to take'my things?" "Chan-, my father will go for the Warrenton police, and have you put in jail," said the young girl, firmly, "if you go on like this." Then the old woman flew at Syphax, and shook him with &n accession of fuiy. Greta seized his hand to rescue him. "Don't let her kill me!" he shrieked. "1 shall take you home with me to night," said she, pulling him away from Chany. "Do you want me to go at once and have von arrested?" she threatened. The wrathful nejrress mnt- 1 tcrsd some excuses, and turned away. Chany Greta and Syphax walked off vic torious. Snc toojc him home, and it was arranged that Syphax should live in the future with the Bonds. Greta taught her school until the end of the year, and some ot her pupils dm ner sreat credit. Chief Justice Marshall became a bright star in her firmament He left her tuition for Hampton, full of ambition to be useful to his race. She used the money she had made to re place the watch, for the benefit of SjT phax. The day before she and her tamily left for the North, a tiny pack age was handed her. It was a box containing a beautiful riug from Mist Ambler, who knew now the secret of Greta's teaching. The ring was a cir cle of goid set with five precious stones, whose initials formed a name a gar net a ruby, an emerald, a topaz and an amethyst: Greta. Youth's Com punio:i. NASTY CHEWING GUM. rjiy-ioisuis Oeclare That It Causes Seri ous Ilronchhil ami Other Troubles. In the thousand and one shops sprinkled through the narrow streeU of this city, where oiingsters buy lollipops, where boys invest their say ings in base-balls and cigarettes at a penii apiece, and where the young ladies of tenements pureh-ise the latest yellow-bound literature, there is al ways for sale a substance known as black chewing gum. Whether it is done up in spaugld tinfoil, or re splendent in gaudy tissue paper, or decorated with parti-colored l'iobon, it is still black chewing gum. It is gen erally .made out of refuse gum arabic stuiV that can not be used in the apotnecary &nops, ami is uavoreu variously with the cheapest of cheap extracts, licorice, wintergrcen, pepper mint, or, more usually, one of those poisonous flavors that "arc compounded from acids. The manufacturers cut a huge slab of the gum into quadrangu lar pieces aoout tiie size of a domino. In cold weather the bits are friable and break easily; when it is warm, they have the consistency of a piece of India rubber. It is surprising how much of this black chewing gum is used. A little girl gets hold of a penny somehow, and she can not get to a" shop quick enough to buy some of it She chews and chews and chews on it, her jaws working as regularly and vigorous! as those ot a Fourth of July orator. If she has a bosom friend, she may bite oil" a bit of gum and set the other girl to chewing. If she wishes to show par ticular favor to her five-year-old sweet heart she gives him a morsel. The 3'oung ladies who devour the 3'ellow bound novels devour gum, too. They place a fragment of it between the hindermost of their pearly teeth, and while their souls go out to Elvira in her prison, or their hearts flutter in sympathy with Edgar do Moutmorenci in his attempt to cany off the heiress, they don't forget to chew that gum. Young beans, the leaders iu tenement house society, chew it, too: for the men who make it advertise tint it per fumes the breath and lends the mouth the odor of a new-mown field, also that it aids digestion and clears the voice and is a' harmless and beautiful sub stitute for tobacco; that it is, in fact, a penny bit of ambrosial for the gods. It isn't. The physicians of Amster dam, N. Y., have just declared in sol emn conclave that the practice of chewina this black gum 13 most harm ful and pernicious; they have traced directly to it innumerable cases of sore mouth and sore throat that the3 have treated Of late. Their brethren of the medical profession in New York agree with them, and not only condemn black chewing gum. but all chewing gum of whatever color. The physician who has charge of the throat dispensar3 in one of the largest hospitals in Jsew York, said yesterday: "Da3 after day patients, nearly all girls" between eight and eighteen years of age, come in here and complain that it hurts them when they swallow, or else that their mouths sting when the' drink an thing warm. On examining their throats, I find the delicate mu cous membrane marked here and there with little inflamed patches. In nine cases out of ten it is caused by chewing gum." "Why is the gum hurtful?" "The flavoring is usually poisonous," replied the doctor, "and by its con stant presence, in however small quan tity, it sets up an inflammation. But the habit is otherwise pernicious; the untiring motion of a gum-chewer's jaws provokes a superfluous flow of saliva just as if there was always a pinch of salt on the tongue and wears out the saliva glands. Gum chewing retards digestion. If 'a wom an fills her stomach with water or s.i iiva she drowns the gastric juices; also the interminable attrition wears out the teeth, and foreiirn flavor by degrer-s renders the breath more and more dis agreeable; the pr.ictics is bad in every way." X. Y. biar. He Got a Large .Fee. "Talk of the large fees made by doc tors and lawyers," observed an old gentleman whose air was eminently professional; "I once performed a sin gle operation that brought me in one hundred thousand dollars." "Must have been an extremely diffi cult operation to perform?" inquiringly remarked a listener. "so, not particularly difficult but rather risky." "The chances were that the patient would not recover from it?" queried another bystander. "Not exactly. I ran most of the risk myself. It was out in Montana almost thirty years ago. A couple of friends of mine and I performed a little opera tion on a i-tage-coach which was trans porting some bullion and bonds from the Mississippi to a new bank in Oregon. I was the only one of my party who survived, and, as luck would have it I happened to have the fee with me, and, what's better, Igot to Europe with it" Ar. r. Graphic. ,' A young man wants to know how tobringonta mustache. Tie a cord around it tightly, hitch the cord to s post and then run backward. JT. T, Tdcqram. SHADY PASTURES. rtra Mont UeIrtU Tre for Ptantlnr Grass-Land to ProJaoo Shade. Nearly every farmer on the "treeless prairies" expects at some time to have trees in his pastures to afford shade for his cattle, sbeep, horses and hogs. Ho knows that they are essential to the comfort of his stock, and that comfort, I as well as food, water and salt, are necessary for the formation of milk. wool and flesh. Still, thev arc likely j to delay the planting of them till they have erected convenient buildings, have broken most of the ground that they will require for cultivated .crops, and have set out trees for producing fruit Had they spent two or three days in procuring and setting out trees on their pastures when they first moved on their places the might have had sufficient shade for their stock by the time, tuey had completed their other improvements. Some, who delay plant ing trees in pastures till after they have occupied their places several years, set out varieties that make a very slow growth, plant them in places not favor able to them, afford them no protec tion, neglect to prune them properly, and thus dehn the time that their ani mals will have the advantage of shade. The best trees that can be planted for aflording shade in pastures arc those that are hardy, stately, that have wide-spreading branches, and which cast a dense shade during the hottest portions of the summer. Those which grow quickly and can be propagated bv means of sprouts and cuttings are to be preferred. Every one has ob served that soft-wood trees grow much more rapidly than those that produce hard wood, and that nearly all of them succeed best on land that is somewhat low and moist One of the best trees for moderately moist land is the Amer ican Jinn, or common, basswood. Hie tree is beautiful in all stages of its growth. It is very hard and attains a large size. Insects are not likely to injure its roots, trunk or leaves. Its leaves are of remarkable size, thick and of an agreeable, green color. It casts a verv dense shade, which is agreeable during the hot days of mid summer. It is a very clean tree and highly ornamental. If the trees are isolated and stand in suitable locations they ordinarily have very wide spread ing branches. Sometimes several trunks will grow close together and present a verv beautiful appearance The sveamore, button wood or "but- teu-bolf tree" is another excellent tree for land that is somewhat moist It is one of the largest trees found on this side of the Rooky mountains. Along the banks of the Mississippi river and its tributaries it often attains the height of eighty feet, and has a trunk from six to ten feet in diameter. The tree is possessed of great vitality. If the trunk becomes hollow a living shell re mains around the cavity which pro tracts the life of the branches. These hollow trunks were utilized by the early settlers of many of the Western States for grain bins, smoke-houses and shelter for fowls and pigs. Hol low sycamore trunks have afforded shelter to many families of Western pioneers. The trees can be casil' propagated by seed or rinc wood cut tings of cither one or two-year-old wood cut iate in the spring or early in the fall. The wood is very hard to split, quickly decays and is of very lit tle value for timber or fuel. Sections of large trunks make good blocks for cutting meat The tree, however, it of very little value except for orna ment and shade, but for these pur poses it is very desirable. For higher land the silver leaf poplar has man advantages. It is readily propagated to cuttings, grows rapidly and attains a large size, while its branches extend over a large space, and afford a good shade. The tree is health, not liable to be injured by in sects, 2nd attains a large size. A few of these trees on a farm serve a useful purpose by way of ornament The wood makes excellent fuel. The tree, however, is very objectionable in one respect If its roots are broken or dis'-( turbed they throw up a large" number of suckers that are very hard to kill or keep in subjec tion. In planting in a permanent pasture, however, this proneness to throw up sprouts from the roots is not likely to prove a serious objection. If the sod over the roots remains un broken the suckers will not appear as they do on land that is plowed every year. The silver poplar is an import ed tree, and we are just finding out what it is good for. When first in troduced it was planted in lawns. gardens and on the sides of streets in large towns. The numerous suckers thrown up in land that was cultivated condemned it for these places. It is, however, an excellent tree for produc ing shade in pastures and for affordin" fuel. The common cottonwood or white wood possesses most of the advan tages of the basswood and sycamore, but in an inferior degree. It is not as beautiful, and does not produce so dense a shade. When the trees sland at some distance from each other and are kept properly pruned they are quite attractive, "and serve as orna ments to well-kept grounds. All these trees arc mentioned because they are easily propagated and grow quickly. Maples, elms, birches, beeches and hickories arc far more valuable for most purposes, and most of them af ford good shade. It is necessary, however, to raise the trees from seed, to purchase them from nurserymen, to move them ordinarily long distances, and to wait many years before they will produce much shade. Trees that are late in leaving out in the spriDg, which have scant foliage, which are liable to disease or to atticks of in sects are not desirable for planting in pastures. Neither are trees whose foliage is eaten by cattle or sheep. The quicker a tree grows the shorter will be the time that it will require protection against animals, and the less will be the cost of raising it to a size to afford shade. Chicago Times. Overladen fruit trees mature thefr fruit while itis yet small. Rck off ouc lialf before much growth is made, and the remaining half may grow to aa many bushels as all would if Jeft Indianapoli SaUincL mm -"-g- $Tv,5 A PEACEFUL HAMLET. XUrds. Bcasta Wt Flower Frott IT the Good Priest of Gamfreitoa. Gnmfreston is not a village in th English sense, hardly a hamlet, for it is made up of a few scattered farm houses and cottages, and has only a population of about sixty. The churclk. is small, old lichen and ivy-clad, with, a well-proportioned tower, built no lmi!it for nurnoses of defence. A. few trees cluster around, affording a grateful shade in summer, for wood is scarce m tno neignuoruouu. j. in terior, though admirably restored,, is bare of "ornament except some fading frescoes, on the deciphering of: which a wealth of learning has been, spent though with small results, and, its once treasure is an ancient sanctu bell. In the spring tide rooks and jackdaws caw around the belfry and. in the marsh below wild ducks and. plovers utter their plaintive cries. The rectory, since rebuilt and thereby los ing many of its picturesque features, is close by, and what would be a vil lage green is a contracted space where eows:ire mjlkcd, gacsu gabble and pigs grunt In fact, owing to common rights, pigs and geese enjoy a freedom, rarely possible out of Wales. The pigs, are not shut up nor the acsc housed except at night You may see them, any aay on Begelly common, two or three miles from Gumfreston, homeward, bound, retiring precisely at the same hour, the old gander giving the note of march, when his "quack, quack," is. taken up by his wives, and then re sponded to by the pigs grunting in, chorus. These wise birds (who would, mind being called a goose after that?) know to a moment when the good wifa is ready with their food, ami woe to her if not, for they will raise a deafen ing din about her ears. The lanes are. narrow and the hedges high.; the farm ing is primitive and the meadows are unbroken by the plow. Hence Devon shire itself is not fuller of primrose, daffodils, violets, holly, roses, white thorn may, honeysuckle, gorse and, ferns, to say nothing of the mallows and irises which grow along tho marshes and pools. The good old priest there was fond of nature in every form. He was a bee master and would, astonish his friends by walking about with his hands covered with live bees., and all of which he said knew him. He knew the habits of lards, and, beasts, and fishes, and reptiles. He took an interest in every creature that walks, or flies, or crawls. Woe to any one overdriving a horse or an ass up Gumfreston hill. Down he would come on the delinquent with his severest re buke, ending, however, in his helping the horse or horses along. Temple. Bar. THE FOOL'S DOG. How Ho and Ills Owner 3I:na;-e to Sink Eery ISoriy'tf Lifo Uncomfortable. The dog isn't to blame, as should be. explicitly understood at the out-set He-., had no idea of going oft' for the sum mer until his fool of a master or his idiot of a mistress suggested it. Then, as he had no choice in the matter, ha decided to go. The Fool's dog may be. pug, poodle, bull-dog, s):iniel or New foundland it's all the same to the Foql. He feels that the canine is dying for a mountain breeze or a ramble on, the sea-shore, and he sets out with him. The baggage-man may charge one dol lar or live the dog goes. It may cost one dollar or five to care for him at the hotel the dog brings up there. There are hotels which refuse to shelter the Fool and his cur; there are others which seem to be afraid of hurting somebod's feelings probably th& cur's. When the Fool and his dog are roomed the business. begins. Every hall and veranda must be as free to the dog as to the Fool. No matter who fcirs him, or what cause they have to fear, he has the right of way. He rolls in the sand and distributes it . along the veranda. He takes his bath and shakes the water over the white suits of the ladies. He knocks down toddling babies, snaps at scampering children and is ever ready to set his teeth in some adult's leer. People blast his eyes and the ces of the Fool, but both grew fat on it. It isn't quite so bad when the Fool is a. man, because a man can be kicked. When it is a woman a woman with a. dog which seems to have been hit sim ultaneously on the two ends with mauls to drive him together to make a pug of him, you might as well hang up your harp. The dog is going to have his own way if it empties the hotel of guests. Some people put up with it feeling that the grave is not far away. Others visit a drug store and makea purchase and then have business at a butcher-shop. In a day or two tha Fool attends a burial in a sand hill, and returns from the funeral to offer a reward of fifty dollars for the detection, of the callous-hearted murderer. No body knows who did it and every body is happy until a new Fool and a new dog come up in the omnibus. Detroit Free Press. Old-Time Robbery or Bees. The old system of wholesale robbery of the bees has passed away, for the progressive bee-keeper first allows the bees to fill the cells appropriated for themselves, taking his share from the extra boxes that may have been pro vided for the bees to fill after they have. worked on the old comb. But if thc colony is a strong one, the bee-keeper can not be too careful to leave plentv of honey for winter use. Very often, the combs that have been left in the lower boxes for the bees may be iv suffi cient for holding a proper snpply, and, should the bees be short during the early spring the whole colony will be sacrificed. The bees will not always begin on the upper boxes until the low er ones are filled, as they allow of no unoccupied space, but if the lower box es are not sufficient leave a few of those in the upper tier in order to help them over the cold season. Farm, Field and Stockman. Corn Cake: One egg, two table spoonfuls of sugar, one cup of Indian meal, two cups of flour, two teaspoon fuls of cream of tartar, one teaspoon f ol of soda, a little salt, a piece of but ter the size of a walnut and rn n; of sweet milk. The Household, -aj -m j i :n -.-& -43 mi i ml & - -3 m 4iT .& Y- m m - f-fi ss 'M 5$iM f!Si st M Vs SSL-S" .t32 i"-a -?t z& g-i"1? . rt Sx. 2i;aV2H . - s..