Newspaper Page Text
i?i ss?. fSMgM&mM ' TIMBER CULTURE. fia&xentlong on Raining Ornamental and Other Tree from Seed. la most cases it is not profitable or practical for farmers to raise fruit trees from seed. As a rule they will want but small number, and they will find it cheaper to buy tficm from a reliable nurseryman. To raise fruit trees from seed one must not only know how to save, prepare and plant the seed, but how to cultivate, bud, graft and prime the young trees. To learn how to practice all these opera tions requires much study and practice. It also calls for a variety of tools. Grafting and budding must be done at times when farmers are engaged in field work. It is often difficult for persons who have small nurseries of fruit trees to obtain scions of the varieties they want for grafting. With rare exceptions a farmer who desires to set out an orchard will find it to his advantage to obtain Ills trees from the nearest reliable nurseryman. Raised in a similarsoil and climate and trans ported but a short distance, they will be much more likely to do well than those grown at a distance and exposed for some time before they are set out. It is practical and eay, however, for a farmer to raise most kinds of decidu ous and several kinds of evergreen trees from seed. The 1)03-5 ami the girls on the farm will delight in gath ering seed, sowing them, and taking are of the young tiees. They will lake an interest in ornamenting the farm, in raising a grove, and in pro ducing trees that will bear nuts. Chil dren are observing and will learn and remember under what condi tions the seeds of different kinds of seed-will best germinate. If they are successful in their operations they can HI main- forest, shade and ornamental trees, and receive considerable money for them. Whether the seeds of trees are pla ted in the spring or fall, the ground should be prepared in the lat ter season of the year. A spo should be selected when the soil is quite free from grass and yveeds. It should be near enough to the house to prevent its being visited by squirrels and wild birds that will be likely to cat the seeds. It should not, however, be so near that it will be visited by fowls that will scratch the soil and dig up, if they do not devour, the seed almost as soon as it is planted. The soil for raising trees from seed should be friable and tolerably reten tive of moisture. A clayey soil is too tonaciou- and likely to become so com pact that the sprouts of seeds can not force their way through it. A sandv .-oil is objectionable for the reason thai it is likely to become very dry if there is a lack of rain for several weeks, and i- likely to wnh away and leave the eed exposed during a heavy rain. All things considered, a good loam is the best. If it is not moderately rich some very old ami well-rotted manure should be applied to it. Decayed 3 caves make a most excellent fertilizer for soil in which the seeds of trees are to be planted. Rank manure, like that from the pig-pens or fresh dung, should not be used. Wood ashes are beneficial to land where trees are to be rai-ed. They contain potash, of -which small trees require a large i!:oi:ut. Seed trees make a very slow growth while they are young, and for that reason no 1 ains should be spared to provide them with suitable food. The soil for the seed-bed should be deeply worked and finely pulverized. It it is small a spade and rake will be found to be the best implements for preparing it. Although the soil should be well pulverized it should not be loo-e. If it is it will part with its moisture very readily and leave the .seed too dry to germinate. Beds four feet wide and of any desired length are very convenient for starting fruit trees in. They sliould be raised but a little above the surface an 1 have walks about two feet wide between them. One can stand in the walk and pull out the weeds half way across the bed without placing the foot on it. Some growers of forest trees sow the seed broadcast and cover it with a rake, but the best re-ults will generally be obtained by planting them in rows about a foot apart and reaching across the beds. There is a great advantage in placing .-tick at the ends of the rows, as they show their locations and allow the ground to be worked with the hoe and ruke without disturbing the seed and oung plants. Most kinds of seeds should not be planted more than half -111 inch deep. After they arc covered the soil should be trodden down firm over the rows. The seeds of most forest trees ger minate very slowly, and some of them lo not "come up" until the second year after they arc planted. Much de pends on the quality of the seed, the way it was preserved, and the season. The growth of forest trees during the iirst year is very small. Even oaks will not attain a height of more than two or three inches. From the time they appear above ground they must lie watched and tended with care. The ground should be frequently stirred between the rows, and the weeds and jgrass kept from growing between the plants. This work must be done with ibe hand. If weeds are allowed tobe--eonie large and well established they can not be removed without pulliug up the plants. Weeding is best doneaft--cr a heavy rain that renders the ground soft. Trees should be removed from the beds where they are raised from seed when they are one or two years old, and set out in nursery rows, which should be far enough apart to admit of running a narrow cultivator be tween them. In transplanting, their tap roots, if they have any, should be shortened. They can stand iu the nursery rows and receive cultivation till thev are of a size to place where they are to remain permanently. Chi cago Times. HINTS ABOUT HORSES. How to Care for Thrm at All Seasons of the Year. It is foolish cruelty to make a horse work in the dust and hot sun for hours without water. In summer give water at least five times a day. If the horse is warm make him drink siowl-. Give him all the water he wants before meals, none after he will want none if his food is moistened. Money is made bv giving water of an agreeable temperature, winter and summer. If the horse has been at hard work give no water until he is lested fifteen min utes, and no food for thirty minutes. Drive slowly the first hour after a meal. Allow the horse to roll on dry earth or saw dust once a day, at least. The evening is the best time. Then at once groom him thoroughly, and out side the stable. Thorough grooming cleanses the hide as well as the hair. A dry shampoo is best for a horse. Better use elbow grease than water. Bed liberally. The best horses are in dry, elevated regions. Pureness and dryness of air in the stable arc secured by an elevated site (with tile drains under the walls of bank barns); keep ing manure cleared up, and having tho basement of the barn connected with cupolas by ventilating shafts. Fairly good ventilation is secured by holes under the caves. Have windows on east, south and west. Light and dry nes's destroy fungous growths. Do not throw the bedding against the manger. Small stables are not economical. Earth (clay) or cement floors are best. Cleanliness in and about all things. Bathe the shoulders with salt water each evening, beginning six weeks be fore spring work opens and continuing through the summer. Fit the har ness to the horse. Better drive twenty miles to a good farrier than have a next-door botch put on the shoes. Blanket in winter in the open air (a blanket is to protect the lungs rather than the back); net in ily time; fasten green leaves to the top of the bridle when the sun is hot. Tender firmness with kindness. Cut the hay and grind the grain; feed them moistened and mixed. To feed the meal alone is wasteful and dangerous. For work horses, temporarily idle in ccld weath er, the best ration is clover hay and Indian corn, half of each b- weight. Horses much idle in winter should bo fed even less grain. Concentrated foods with inaction are apt to produce indigestion. Horses at work should have a ration of forty per cent, by weight of timothy hay, thirty per cent, of oats, twenty-live per cent, of corn, and WQ per cent, of oil meal. These rations are sanctioned by science; found best in practice by the street-car and omnibus companies of this coun try and England, and by many pro gressive farmers. In the. proportions given tho fibrous and concentrated foods are best digested, and the wants of tho animal most economically 'sup plied. Keep salt in one corner of tho feed bpx. Give a teaspoonful of clean woodtshes on the feed every other morning. Cor. N. Y. Tribune. THE POULTRY INDUSTRY. Statistics Sliowint: tlio Importance of tho Chli ken Itu-tincst. The best statistics of the poultry in dustry of the United States are given in the census for 1880, from which we get the following: Average Xumh'r. v.ilne. Barn-yard fowl..:oi-.'7i,135 .r0c Other fowl 13.2:13. 1&7 O'tc Kitks, dozen 4.-i,(ji(VJlG lie Meat, lb-, -.M0.0iM.u0) 10c Total 1.1Mi,0SE 13,9 II, Hi J4,8.'O,310 eo.tuo.oiw .$139,900,4'.):) Total of all poultry products The census states, however, that these figures can not be expected to fully show the facts, as this was the first attempt at statistical enumeration of this character. Allowing for short age on this account, we can yet hardly be justified in placing the actual an nual value of the products at more than $200,000,000. That this is a very modest estimate no well-informed per son will doubt: but there is no autho: ity or basis for a poultrv valuation of over S600.000.000, as estimated by Ed ward Atkinson. If, therefore, we ac cept our estimate of 200,030.000 as ap proximately correct, we may compare it with other interests (basetl on the census of 18S0) as folio ws: Artrcae Total Xumr. ru ralnt. Milch cows 1.M43.1S0 $23.00 ?.311,OTAnot) .mux, gallons.... :-i,r.".i,7j.i Butter, lbs TTO.2.V),-JST Cheese, lbs 27,27,439 Total dairy products , Total poultry products Sheep 35,192.071 Wool 153,tai,751 .8S 42,410.330 .15 113,537,543 .07 1,91)9.071 $170,134,997 lW,OOJ,O0C J8.00 fl7.,900.370 .15 53.352,203 flP9.312.63S SOO.CtO.OOO J5,37fi,154 $10.00 351.597. 11C .05 5,506,536 .03 37.81U.89i .80 50,87.5(1: .40 701.T3t5.C7fl .75 344.612,333 .03 202,5'. 3,911 Total sheep husbandry Total of poultry industry. . Orchard products. Hay. tons 31.150,,-tl Rice, lbs 110.131,373 Tobacco, lbs.... 472,061,157 Potatoes, bu lt9,458.539 Indian corn 1,754.591,676 Wheat 459.483. 137 Cotton, lbs 2,532,423,000 At the low estimate we have put up on the annual value of the poultry in terest, it will be seen that it repre sents an annual production larsrct than that of the entire dairy industry (deducting a part of the value of tha cows as not being an annual product). Poultry is larger than the whole sheep interest The value of poultry and poultry products is four times as larg as that of orchard products, almost two-thirds the value of the hay and oi the wheat crops, five times the value oJ the tobacco crop, four times the po tato crop, as large as the cotton crop and almost one-third the value of the entire corn crop of the country. Yet the poultry business is only in its in fancy, and we do not begin to supply our own markets. Farm and Ham. TO YOUNG EDITORS. The Advice of a Journalist Who Hal Wielded the Shears for Many Teara. My son, you wish to engage in an occupation through which the light of your noble genius will be shed broad cast throughout the land, reflecting credit on yourself and the glorious country which had the honor of giving you birth. After cavefully consider ing the subject, you have concluded that the newspaper business is the thing, and in view of this fact, you wish the advice of one who has had a long and varied experience with free passes, delinquent subscribers and man-other blessings which the editorial fraternity is heir to. Yes, vou hav struck the! right shop. We are just boiling over with good and fatherly advice to give to a young man who is about to em bark on the turbulent waters of the journalistic sea, and we will give it to you in plain colors; with no coating of flowery language or hifaluten phraseology to hide from you the great responsibility which will rest upon you after taking the most important step of your life. All you have to do is to heed our in junctions and y-ou will be, bo to speak, carried through your journalistic ca reer on flowery beds of ease. 1. When 3-011 start your paper be sure to have a fierce-looking picture up in the northeast corner, labeled, "Fighting Editor," coupled with the as surance that he is "always in," 3-011 have no idea what a pleasant effect this will have on persons of the John L. Sullivan frame of mind. 2. Whenever a birth occurs repre sent the father as wearing a broad smile, and as being the happiest man in town, even though he may already have more children than ho can feed and clothe properly. It is a time- honored custom and must be observed. 3. If you have cause to speak of the meanest man in town, and the worst enemy you have, refer to him as our esteemed anil highl respected cit izen, etc. He will know that it is not bo, and that 3011 have lied, but he will like you the better for it, and may treat you with more consideration in the future. 4. Never, O never, labor under the impression that you will be praised if you get up a readable paper, for should you do so 3-011 are but doomed to disappointment Expect, however, to be abused if you do not please the most fastidious, and you will get what yon are looking for just ninety-nine times out of a possible hundred. Peo ple never praise an editor for fear it will give him the big-her.d and make iiim unfit for his position. 5. Alwaj-s be prepared to write flu ently on both sides of any question that may arise in your town. It will be expected of you, and 3-011 will incur the dislike of both parties should 3-011 fail to do so. 6. When a death occurs, express yourself as full of S-nipalIiy and sad ness, even thoughthe deceased issome body's mother-in-law, who he has been tiying to get rid of for years, without avail, 7. Marriage notices should alwa3s begin with the couplet: Two souls with but a single thought. Two hearts that beat as oue. The couplet is not new, but it is good. Otherwise it could not have given such splendid satisfaction dur ing the many years it has been in use, and it should, moreover, be respected for its age and the great number of marriage notices it has figured in. 8. Alwaj's try to cany the impres sion that 3-0U are poor and need 11101103-. You won't get the 11101103 but 3ou will be respected for not blow ing about the wealth which 3-011 will quick- accumulate. 9. When a young lady visits your town, speak of her as the "beautiful and accomplished" Miss So-and-so, one of the societ3 belles of such and such a place, even though she is as ugl3' as "home-made sin," and washes for a living. It will be sure to make her like you, and 3-011 will not only have gained her respect and ad miration, but also the good will of her friends whom she is visiting. It is also probable that when she takes her leave, her friends will subscribe for 3'our paper and send it to her for six montlis at least 10. When 3-011 wish your delinquents to pay up, don't abuse them, but speak to them kindly; tell them that you are in need of money, and that your pants are in such a condition (as they soon will be) that 3-011 are competed to wear 3'our coat all the time; picture to them the many wants of the editor, and ask them gently to pay up. They will never think of doing so, but you may get 3'our reward in Heaven. We might continue giving you ad vice for hours, but wo refrain, from doing so. Carefully follow the course laid down, and should success fail to crown your efforts, drop us a line, and we will ever be found willing to aid you in any way within oA power. Peck's Suji. Between the acts: She (reproach fully) "E dward, you've been drink ing." H -Only a glass of milk, my, dear." She "But your breath smells horribly of whisky." He (with con cern) "Is that so? The cow must have been fed on distillery slops." Buffalo Express. 4 Ayounglady giving her experi ence in a dentist's chair, said it was hardly as agreeable as a box at the opera, but better than being run over by the cars. n Polished granite is much more dura ble than hammered granite. Polish ing the stone prevents yhe lodging of moisture and foreign particles on its m face. NITROGEN MANURES. Commercial Fertilizers and Their Eco nomical Application to tle Soil. Mo9t -elaborate experiments are year ly made in Great Britain, in relation to commercial fertilizers and their eco nomical application to tne soil. In many localities the question of com mercial fertilizers is an important one. Many farmers err in supposing that given a certain amount of commercial fertilizers available, farm-yard manure may be dispensed with. This, how ever, is not: the fact There "is large available nutrition in most soils if it be not locked up. Among the ot&er constituents furnished by barn-yard manure is the humus it furnishes to tho soil, which under the action of heat, moisture and potash forms nitrates, tho most costly material in agriculture. In relation to the importance of barn yard manure: In the process of decay, a combustion of carbon and a formation 01 carbonic acid, with liberation of heat, takes place in the soil, analogous to that which occurs when the food oJ animals undergoes a similar change. The result of these changes in the organic nitrogen of the soil, is tha separation of tho carbon and nitrogen, and the combination ofTthe latter with lnrdrogcn, forming ammonia, ano with oxy-gen, forming nitric acid. This uniting with potash forms nitrate of pota Mi (saltpeter), or with lime, nitrate of lime. An E iglish journal states that, "When Dr. Voelcker and Mr. Jenkins made their report of the farming of Belgium, thc3 remarked on the too exclusive use of sewage, and recom mended the 0001101113- of replacing it with an occasional dose of nitrate of soda; and it is quite in keeping with this advice that the farmers in the neighborhood of Edinburgh, who use a large amount of town dung and sell iyc grass, have found nitrate of soda a vcty valuable manure, on account of the large quantity of unused minerals accumulated in the soil. "Farm-y-nrd manure 3'ields minerals ns well as nitrogen, and may be called on that account a universal manure. One hundred pounds of nitrate of soda contains about the same amount of nitrogen as a ton of good dung; but (here is this difference between the two manure? he nitrate of soda, after y-ielding its nitrogen to the crop, 011I3 furnishes in addition soda, which has little value; whereas in the liitrifico tion of the nitrogen in the dung, there arc about sixty-two pounds of mineral set free, including twelve pounds of potash and eleven pounds of phosphoric acid. These figures are given in Sir John Lawes; but they- vary according lo the high or low feeding of the animals, the quantity- of litter, and the fresh or rotten cordition of the dung. Taking the ca?e of ordinaiy farm-yard dung, Mr. Bernard Dj-er finds that four loads, each weighing a ton, contain forty-live pounds of nitrogen, twent3--six pounds of phosphoric acid, and forty--live pounds of potash." Farm, Field and Stockman.. STORING CABBAGES. Tho Right Way of l'uttiiijr Them Away for Xext Year's Ue. Every one thinks he can bury cab bages, ami a good main- of them ttre "buried" without any formality about it. Now, like every thing else, there is a wrong and a right way of doing this. Cabbages, carefully stored, will not lose aii3- thing, and often gain much b3- being attended to in a proper manner. I prefer pulling and storing on the same iUy. The general practice is to pull, turn over with roots up, and al low them time to "dry" before storing. Now, a cabbage, if it lies a day in a bright sun with tho roots up, loses considerable of its moisture b' evapo ration, leaving it in a willed condition, and if kept long in this state is unfit for use. By- pulling on a diy da3 about the second week in "No vember, and storing at once, they have not had enough of frost to injure them, nor are they allowed to get diy and lose their succulent condition. When pulling them, all hard heads are selected and kept by themselves, to be packed in trenches with tho leaves carcfulty tucked around them, and roots up, using for a covering finely- pulverized soil. packed closely around the heads. If the weather is warm at the time, only about an inch or two is put on, and more added as the severity of the weather demands. The loose heads are kept b' them selves and buried with roots down and heads up; in this condition the3 gain in solidity if not in size. The3' must never be allowed to get very dry, or have much of the soil shaken from the roots when plant ed. It takes a good deep furrow to get them suitably set in, with roots down, but it can mostly bo done with the plow. Much of the covering can also be done by bringing the soil up against the plants with the plow, and then shoveling it around them ns com pactly as possible. If packed firmly they keep belter, and mice are less likely to injure them by burrowing around and cutting them. In order to get at them during win ter, a covering of leaves or any rough material which will keep out the frost, is necessary. When selecting a place to store cab bages, it is necessary to have ground where water does not stand, but passes off freely and quickly; stagnant water soons rots them, and they will not re main long in good condition where they axe not kept dry. M. Milton, in Country Gentleman. 9 m m Nothing is more appropriate for second-mourning wear than sard onja lace pins, set in flower, designs, wit sprays of pearls. QUAINT OLD TREATY. An Indian Chief Present to the Governoi of Nebraska. Three stalwart Indians clad in heavy woolen blankets, cast off tiles, and - with the smell of a last year's tope upon their garments, invaded the second story" of tho capitol building, and approached the open door to the Executive Department. For souk reason every reservation Indian in Ne braska has taken a great liking to Gov ernor Thayer, and the venerable ap pearance of the Governor has undoubt edly inspired the children of nature with the impression that he is the greatest chief that has ever held coun cil in 1I13 State, and each band o: traveling red men who come and sii upon the bod' brussels of the Execu tive oflice, undoubtedly return to theii homes with complimentary reference to the great chief, that immediately starts others on a pilgrimage. The Governor has treated all these native visitors in the kindest manner, as ishij custom with all visitors, and it has brought them out in force. Some day--the reception room has appeared like a council of war, a dozen hearty- buck? being seated on the floor, and thev novel make their visits short, for begging is generally good about the State-Houe. There is a smell that lingers for dav after a visit from a delegation, and if requires tiie utmost vigilance of Cap tain Hill to get the rooms aired for the next delegation. The three who ar rived the other day were of more than usual note, as ignorant of English as the wildest, and the chief drew from tho breast pocket of his coat an ancient broadcloth that had done society- work in Omaha a well-worn envelope that held an equally well worn parchment, which, upon being unfolded, proved to hs the written treaty- made between the Government and the Omaha Indians in 1825. While the braves, disdaining the chair: proffered, seated themselves upon the floor, the newspaper men present ex amined the faded parchment, and it proved to be the original document well preserved for sixty odd 3-ears. A note to Ihe Governor explained to thai official that tho chief wanted it copied, as it Avas worn so badl3, and aftei man3 gyrations and gesticulations, the braves were made to understand that it would be done and that the" should return on the following day. The treat3' is art interesting one historically and remarkably- well preserved. It yvas made at Foil A'Jcinson and bore date of attestation, October G. 1825. This Fort Atkinsor was at the point afterward designal 'C as Fort Calhoun, in Washingtor County. The treaty-, after reciting ir a long preamble the mutual admira tion each race had for the other, stipu lated in detail what each party to the agreement should do. The white mer were to establish a trading post, to as sist them iu protection from native enemies, and the Indians were to re frain from numerous depredations, the principal of yvhich seemed to be horse stealing. On the part of the Govern ment the treaty- was signed by Brigadier-General Atkinson and B-Mijaniir O. Fulton, adjutant Michael Burdear made his mark as interpreter, and long row of the names of chiefs yvith the meanings of their names followed Some of these names and meanings are yvorth reproduction. For example Opatoga, the big elk; Ohoshingo, the man that cooks little in a small kettle Shongisca, the white horse; Tarvettce. the side of a buffalo; Mohpemanee, the man that la3's on his arrows few, the number that piorcj him. The ole document would make a valuable ad dition to relics for the State Ilistorica1 Societ3 Lincoln (Ae&.) Letter. HOVY TO BE A SAILOR. Suggestion for Itnyt Who Hate Decirted to lio Navigators. Having tlecided to be a navigator, i a bo3" has nothing else, let him at least start yvith the consent and blessing ol his parents or guardians, ami then gc to yvork with the determination of be coming nothing else than the captair of a ship. At the outct it would bo a good idea for a boy- to go on one of the United States training-ships yvhere young Americans are trained to be seamen. Ho must be betyvcen fourteen and eighteen 3-ears of age, and yvill not be entitled to his discharge until he has gone through the whole course of in struction. If onr yvould-be seafarer pursues this course, he yvill find it tc his advantage should he start life on a European steamer. Still, he would be possessed of a great tleal of knowledge in reference to naval yvarfare which, in that position, weruld be of no use to him, and there would be veiy much that he yvould have to learn, in addi tion to what he already knew. Starting as an ordinary- seaman, he would skip the drudgery of a ship's boy, and his promotion yvould be some what more rapid, though not remarka bly so, for on the sea yon have to be horoughly competent in one position before you can rise to a higher. Of the four officers on an ocean steamship the senior officers keep the reckoning of the ship by observation, that is, by means of the stars, the moon, and the sun. The third and fourth, or two junior officers, keep the dead reckoning. By this is meant the calculation of the ship's position, inde pendently of celestial observations. The pay of the captain of an ocean steamer will be from two thousand five hundred to three thousand dollars a year. The first officer will receive about nice hundred dollars a year, the second seven hundred and twenty, tha third and fourth four hundred and eighty dollars a year. This will bs in addition to living expenses on board hip. -George J. Hanson, SL NickoU. HOME AND FARsVl. To Adam paradise was horns. To the 3pod among his descendants home 13 pi.radise. Ilare. O.ie of the most profitable ways of applying ashes is sowing them broad cast over newly- seeded, ground. When clothes have acquired an unpleasant odor by being kept from the air, charcoal, laid in the folds, will soon remove it Kerosene excels for softening and cleaning out the gummed and hard ened oil in the boxes of mowers, reap ers and other farm machinery. Snow Drops: O le cup of butter, two eiq of sugar, yvhitcs of five Cgga. one small cup of milk, three curs of prepared Hour; flavor yvith vanilla and nutmeg. Bake in small, round tins. Boston Biulgtt. A handy- closet for harnesses is made by simply boarding up the sido of the stable, nailing the boards on the main beams, which are usually a foot yvide. Thus you get a closet a foot deep, and can have it the full length of the stable. It yvill make the "place yvarmer in yviuter and cooler iu sum mer. Farm and Home. Salmon Sal ad. To a can of sal mon take eight or ten stalks of celery; cat the celery- into small pieces and mix yvith thu salmon, yvhich slmnltl also be picked intosinall bits; sprinkle over a little salt and a very little pep per and pour on some good viucar. A small onion may be added if desired. Exchange. You can not restore rancid butter to a sweet, good article. It 111:13- l' someyrhat improved, hoyvevcr. 03 yvashing it first in ncyv milk, and after that in cold yvater. Another plan is lo beat up a quarter of a pound of good fresh lime in a pail of yvater, and after .-.lloyving it to stand for an hour, until the impurities shall have settled, pour off the clear portion and yvash the rai.cid butter in that. Indianapolis Jo iirna'. According to Dr. Berillon. tho yvell knoyvu French specialist, the practice ot mucking the thumb at night, to yyhichso many-children are addicted, and of yvhich it is next to impossible t' break them, can be put a stop to b3" r single lrypnotization accompanied, cl course, yyi ill the requisite suggestion. The child never by- any- chance re turn J to the habit again, though his memory retains no trace of the order or prohibi tion yvhich operates so poyvcrfull- oc his yvill. EggTimbaK: Six czs; half cup milk; four tablespoonfuls grated cheese; pepper and salt to taste; iineh of soda in the milk. Beat the eggs veiy light; add the milk, soda, j eppor and salt, and last of all the u!iee?e. Pour into finall buttered patt3 pans, set these in a pan of boiling yvater and bake in. the overt until the eg is- firm. Turn out on a flat dish, stick a spr.13 of parsley in the center of each and pour drayvn butter around them. Eat veiy hot Farm, Field and Stockman. SEEDING IN FALL. Advantages and JDiaiIvnnta:;fof Sowing Grass in Autumn. Some prefer to soyy yvhatever grass seed is to be sown in the fall, rather than yvait until spring. There-is one advantage about fall seeding. There is nearly alivirys a better opportunity for doing the yvork. Of course there is t ahva3-s plenty do. and especially so when a crop f yvheat is tobc-soyvn. as is the case generally in I hose sec tions yvhere yvinter yvheat is groyvn. and a good crop of corn is to be taken tare of. It is essential that a good groyvth should be secured in-the fall, so that the plants yvill be the better able to yvithstaml the yvinter. And if for any reason this can not be done, a better plan yvould be to defer the seed ing of grass until late in the winter or early in the spring. It is vcr3 necessary that a good even stand of grass should be secured, and this can only be done yrhcu the con ditions are reasonably favorable. Not 011I3- must the soil be prepared in a fine condition, but the seed mast be of good quality-, sotvn evenly- and at a time yvhciL there is sufficient moisture in the soil to secure quick germination of the seeiL If there is not a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil to insm-e a rapid as yvell as a good germination of the seeel, I consider it better not to sow. While, of course, yve ma- have rain in a feyv days, yet yve may not, and the seed 111313- have to remain it the ground entirely- too long. Sce.l left in the soil ma3' germinate and gvoyv oven after h-ing for some time, yet there is more or less loss of vitality and this yvill. to some extent, affect the groyvth and vigor of the plant Then, when the conditions of germination are unfavor able, a per cent of the seeds yvill, of course, fail to groyv. and in this way a. good even stand yvill not bo secured. When the fall yvork will admit of thorough preparation of the soil, a seediog down to grass demands, nittl there is a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil to induce a good germina tion of the seed, and a good vigorous start to grow, fall seeding will answer but in addition to this I would con sider it necessary that the seed should be sown sufficiently early for the plants to make' a good growth bafore cold weather sets in. If, this can not be done, abetter plan is to wait until spring, rather than run tho risk of se curing a poor stand, or of having the plants injured by freezing. As a gen eral rule, late sowing of grass seed is not desirable, or when the conditions necessary to securing a good start tc grow are not favorable. Usually there is less risk in spring seeding, but of tee the work can not be as well dons on -account of other world Vms JFidi tXockmoH : r, - j -f"jj. - -&--- Alt ,?"