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Weekly journal-miner. (Prescott, Ariz.) 1908-1929, May 17, 1911, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032923/1911-05-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Weekly Journal-Miner
MLLI lUUriJJlK VAmiuiikUiuii viuucu UlbbOLVCQ. OVir II LI
.Solution of the Trust
Question is to Be
President Refuses to Talk
Of Standard Oil
By Associated Press.
President Taft and the cabinet, to
morrow will take up the solution of
the trust question brought before
them today by the Supreme Court
decision in the Standard Oil case.
"The administration was absolutely ig
norant of the decision in advance,
but not surprised however.
The Wiclcersham federal incorpora
tion bill to permit legislation, on
combinations of capital, but subject
ing the corporations to government
supervision will be re-introduced in
congress. Taft said he would have
nothing to say about the decision
till he read it in full.
ATLANTA. Ga., Hay 15. The
eyes of all women interested in golf
will be turned this week upon the
golf links of the Atlanta Athletic
Club at East Lake. Here, begin
ning this morning with a qualifying
lound, IS holes, medal play, and
continuing until Saturday, will be
held the first women's golf tourna
ment for the championship of the
South. The large entry list and tho
perfect character of the arrangements
combine to give promise of a highly
successful tournament. Among those
entered in the contest are prominent
women golf players of New Orleans,
Louisville, Montgomery, Charleston,
Macon, Mobile, Jacksonville, Knox
-ville. Pensacola and a number of
other cities.
St. Thomas' "Episcopal Church was
the scene of one of the largest wed-
dings of the season today, when
Miss Louise Cromwell, daughter of .
Mrs. Oliver Cromwell, became the I
bride of Walter B. Brooks, Jr.,
Baltimore. The church ceremony was
followed by a large reception at the
home of the bride's mother in New
Hampshire Avenue.
NEW YORK May 15. Silver 53,
Mexicans unchanged.
15 Associated Press.
Mrs. Taft, who was stricken ill yes
terday, was much improved tonight,
was the word received from New
York. It is expected she will be
able to return home in a few days.
Weather forecast for Arizona
Fair in northern portion.
i mm
d; rU:; CAA ti
The United States Supreme
By Associated Press.
The Supreme Court overruled the
lower court of Southern California
today and orders further proceedings
against William B. Hammers on the
charge of perjury. Hammers demur
red to the indictment on the ground
of ' fraud, claiming that desert lands
were not assignable by entrymen.
The court's decision, affecting the
titles to much desert land, says that
entrymen may assign their titles.
CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., May 15.
The International Railway Fuel As
sociation, which aims to reduce the
cost" and at thc: same time secure the
highest efficiency for fuel expendi
ture by railroads, met in this city
today for its third annual convention.
In addition to the railroad experts
many prominent coal operators are
attending the meeting. The sessions
will last three days. The list of
speakers is headed by Dr. Joseph A.
Holmes, chief of the United States
bureau of mines, who will explain
the results of the fuel investigations
made under the direction of the bur
eau. ED
By Associated Press.
Samuel Gompers, President. John
Mitchell, Vice-president and Frank
Morrison, Secretary of the American
Federation of Labor stepped from the
shadow of the jail today when the
Supreme Court set aside their sen
tences of imprisonment imposed by
the District of Columbia, court and
remanded the cases. The court 'i do-
f;ision in brief contemplates that the
case was a civil one ana not auuuiu,
. i . ; : 1
and punishment by a fine only.
The decision probably means the
end ot tne case, as iue tuuuuicia;
between the Buck Range and Stove
Company and the. federation was set
tled long ago. The decision, however,
says that tho spoken or published ut
terances of labor can be enjoined or
attacked legally as union labor is a
combination and as such it relinquish
es the right of individuals. Also
that prosecution can be lovelled
neainst the union or its officers.
History of Case.
The charges of contempt against
President Gompers, Vice-President
Mitchell and Secretary Morrison ar
ose out of a bitter labor war be
tween organized labor and the Buck
Stove and Range Company of St.
Louis, Mo.
The St. Louis concern had come
into the Supreme Court of the Dis
trict of Columbia to prevent by in
junction, the Americnn Federation
of Labor and its officials boycotting
its own products or the1 business of
those who dealt with it. The ques
tions involved and the parties con
cerned attracted widespread atten
tion. The company claimed that the
Federation was trying to unionize
the company's shops. The labor
leaders urged that the company was
Interpretation of the Sherman Anti
Trust Law Does Not Interfere
With Honest Business
By Associated Press.
The Standard Oil Company of New
Jersey and its nineteen 'subsidary
companies were declared today by the
Supreme Court of the United States
a conspiracy and combination in res
traint of trade and it was otherwise
held that its monopolizing of inter
state commerce was in violation of
the Sherman anti-trust law. The
dissolution of the combination was
ordered to take place within six
months. Thus was ended the tremend
ous struggle of the government to
put down by the authority of law,
the combination which it was claim
ed, was a menace to industrial econ
omics and the advancement of the
country. At the same time the court
interpreted the Sherman law so as to
limit its application to acts of "un
due" restraint of trade, and not
"every" restraint of trade. It was
on this point that the only discor
dant note was heard. Justice Harlan
dissented claiming the cases already
decided determined no such words as
"undue," and "unreasonable'' in
the statutes.
Tho business world, since the de
cree of the Federal court of Missouri,
had been hoping that the Supreme
Court would decide the law and not
interfere with "honest business."
Tonight this interpretation of the
court is taken as an answer to the
prayers of the "Business world."
Te opinion of the court was an
nounced by Chief Justice White and
contained more than 20,000 words.
"unfair" to labor. The head of
the company was J. W. Van Cleave,
president of the National manufac
turers' association, which had often
come into conflict with the Fed
eration. He was charged with hav
ing been opposed to organized labor,
and with having sought to put Lis
nickel plate workers on a ten hour
instead of a nine hour basis.
Justice Gould, of the District Sup
reme Court issued the injunction
praj-cd for by tho company.An ap
peal was taken to the Court of Ap
peals of the District of Columbia bnt
before that court could pass upon
the validity of the injunction. The
Buck's Stove and Range Company
again came into the District Supreme
Court, this time with charges of con
tempt against President Gompers,
Vice President Mitchell and Secre
tary Morrison. These men were ac
cused of having violated the injunct
ion decree.
Justice Wright found them guilty
and sentenced President Gompers to
one year in jail; Vice-President Mit
chell, to nine months; and Secretary
Morrison, to six-months. An appeal
was taken 1'otn this sentence, first
to the Court f Appeals, which af
firmed it, and finally to the Supreme
Court of the United States, where it
is now pending.
The alleged violations consisted of
utterances and acts in furtherance of
the baycott. It was charged that Mr,
Gompers had rushed out the January
number of the American Fcderation-
ist, the official organ of the Ameri
can Federation of LabJr so as to
evade the decree whicn weut into
effect the day after most of the
magazines were out of his hands.
This magazine contained the namoof
tho company on the "Wo Don't Pat
A brilliant array of attorneys were
present to hear the decision. None,
however, of the Standard Oil Com
pany were present. Many expected
the decision also for the dissolution
case of the American Tobacco Co.,
but it was not handed down.
It is expected on May 29th as the
last decision before tho summed ad
journment of the court.
By far the greater part of the
opinion was devoted to a justifica
tion of the court in requiring that
the "rule of reason" be applied in
restraints of trade before they are
held violations of the Sherman law.
The court found this justification in
the laws of the forefathers and the
general law of the country at the time
tho Sherman law was passed. In
short, the court held the technical
words of tho statute to be given the
meaning which those wordi had" in
the common' law of the country at the
time of the enactment of the anti
trust law. This meaning of tho words,
according to the court,, called for the
exercise of reason in determining
what restraints of., trade were pro
hibited. Magnates Silent.
NEW YORK. May 15. Newsboys
stopped at the Standard Oil office, at
26 Broadway, crying "Standard Oil
losses," but inside nobody would
speak. William Rockefeller is stolid
Archbald is sick at his home andM. F.
Elliott, solicitor, said he would make
a statement after he read the full
I (Continued on Page Four.
ronizo," or "Unfair" List. It was
also alleged that a number of copies
of this magazine were sent out after
the decree became effective. In de
fense, testimony was presented to
show that only thirty odd copies
were mailed to libraries and other
similar institutions. The complainant
claimed that about ono hundred were
sent out.
It was furthed charged that in
the- succeeding number of the Feder
ationist, Gompers, Mitchell and Mor
rison joined in an appeal to organized
labor for funds to carry the injunc
tion case to the higher court. It was
contended that this appeal was used
as a vehicle to continue t!" boycott.
The charges stated that tho appeal
referred to an editorial in the same
number of the magazine as setting
forth the attitude of those making
the appeal. This editorial was at
tributed to Mr. Gompers.
"Individuals as members of or
ganized labor," this publication
said, "will still exercise the righa
to buy or not to buy the Buck's
Stoves and Uangees. It is an exem
plification of the saying that you
can lead a horse to water, but you
can't make him drink.' "
Another charge was that in tho
March Fcdcrationist Mr. Gompers
published an editorial, in which it
was said:
"It should be borne in mind that
there is no law, aye not even a court
decision, compelling union men or
their friends of labor to buy a Buck's
stove or range. No, not even to buy
a Lowe hat.''
In a public address in New York
in April, 1908, Mr. Gompers' said, it
was charged: "Of course in tho case
of the Buck's Stove and Range Co.,
was still etaoi nshrdl etaoin etaoin
fj n.JDDC
By Associated Press.
CITY OF MEXICO, May 13. Fall
ing just a little short of a definite
statement the terms of the rebels
for peace will be accepted, was learn
ed from high government officials
tonight. They, said that peace was
more nearly assured now than at
any time since the beginning of the
war and that they expected to sec
the consummation of a peace agree
ment tomorrow night.
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. May 15. Cap
tain John II. Gibbons today assumed
the duties of superintendent of the
United States Naval Academy, sue;
cceding Caplain John M. Bowyer,
who relinquished the position on ac
count, of ill health. The new super
intendent is a native of Michigan
and has for several months been a
member of the Naval General Board.
His last command was the cruiser
Charleston. Previous to that duty he
was naval attache at London.
! NEW YORK, May 13. Elect roly
' tic $12.00 to $12.23.
Casting $11.87 to $12.00.
Spelter $5.50 to $5.55.
if I tell you that the Buck's Stove
and Range Co., was still unfair, when
I get back to Washington tomorrow
or some place where they say people
play checkers with their noses, well
as I say, I am not prepared to tell
you that these things are unfair.
But there is on law, no court decis
ion that compels you to buy them
nor docs any law compel you to buy
anything without the union label."
From another address by Mr. Gom
pers in Chicago, in May 1908, was
taken language alleged to have been
in violation of the injunction;
In addition to the "urgent appeal"
in which Mr. Mitchell joined, he was
accused of having acted in contempt
by presiding over the United Mine
Workers convention when it adopted
a resolution to fine any member who
bought a Buck's stove.
In addition to the "urgent appeal"
charge against Mr. Morrison, he was
also accused of having mailed out the
Magazines objected to
Distinguished counsel appeared on
both sides, when the case was argued
before the Supreme Conrt,
Prominent among these was Judge
Alton B. Parker, presidential candi
date, who had been retained to de
fend tho labor leaders. His principal
argument was that the injunction was
an improper interference with the
constitutional right of free speech
and a free press. He further con
tended that the injunction deeree was
void, at least, in parts and that his
clients could not be neld under the
statutes for violating a void deeree.
NEW YORK, May IS. Lead $4.40
to $4.50.
Journal-Miner High class job work
TO in
Chihuahua Surrounded
By Large Bands Of
Another Peace Conference
Held by Madero And
By Associated Press.
JUAREZ, Hex., May 13. Fran
cisco Cabarajal, federal envoy, and
Francisco I. Madero, for the revolu
tionists entered into a conference for
peace at 7 o'clock this evening ia
Madero's house on the outskirts of
the city. Francisco I. Madero, Sr.,
and Rafael Hernandez, sole survivor
of the eo-bctweens were present.
Carabajal is vested with plenary pow
ers to sign a peace agreement "upon
certain, conditions. V What the con
ditions are, o course are being kept
secret. The insurrectos, it is' known,
demanded fourteen out of twenty
seven governors and tho entire cabi
net. These demands are not well
received by the government. It is
believed that since the question of
Diaz' resignation was shelved by the
explanation of Limantour, the gover
norships and cabinet portfolios are
paramount to the new commission.
The definite result of the meeting
will probably not be known until
after it reaches Madero's cabinet to
morrow. Marching on Chihuahua.
JUAREZ, Mex., May 15. Prepara
tions to push the war were rushed
today. It is evident that hostilities
in future will be removed from the
American border. General Orozco,
tomorrow, will 'leave for the south
with a strong force by train for
Ahumada. Tho plan is to meet their
other chiefs in Chihuahua and then
march on the City of Mexico.
Orozco does not fear Rabago. The
rebels are well armed with mauscrs
and have much ammunition, a ma
chine, gun and heavy cannon.
Americans from the south today
report the country from Juarez to
Chihuahua seething with revolution
ists. It will be no trouble for Mad
ero's forces to march south as they
far outnumber the federals at Chi
huahua through accessions from the
Conference Concluded.
JUAREZ, Mex., May 15. At the
conclusion of the peace conference
at 9.30 o'clock, Madero announced
By Associated Press.
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., May 15.
A mob of striking furniture workers
attacked an automobile carrying
strike-breakers today and was fired
into by the police. The mob return
ed the fire and a score were injured,
some of whom may die. Many wo
men hurled stones at the police. The
mob scattered when firemen turned
streams of water on them.

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