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WEEK JOURNAL-MINER, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1917. ' 5 Oldest Paper in Arizona. Established March 9, 1864 Published by THE JOURNAL-MINER PUBLISHING COMPANY. Members Associated Press Published Every Morning Except Monday. "jTwTMnNEXnagi P. R. MILNES, Editor. TERMS: Daily, per year $9.00 Daily, per month -75 Weekly, per year , 2.50 Weeky, six month ... 1.50 Weekly, three months 1.00 Payable in Advance. Entered at Postoffice, Prescott, Ariz., as second-class mail Matter. Under the requirements or the new postal law, subscriptions are payable in advance in order that the paper may be permitted to pass through the malls as second-class matter. Accordingly, subscriptions will be stopped at expiration, AH reading matter marked witli one or more stars () signifies that the same is adver tising matter, paid for or agreed to be paid for. J DUTY OF THE STAY-AT-HOMES. J tfU HHHHHHHH HHMHHHHt HHHHt HENDERSON'S POSITION. fHttHHmillMHtlHHHHHnfMUHHMtMM Confusion is almost inevitable in the first preparation for war. Most men wish to do their part, but do not know how to begin. Many are ready to boss, but few are competent to com mand. The result is a multiplication of organizations and over lapping activities, causing waste of time, energy and material. The first thought of servise is carrying a gun or ministering to the wounded; and yet comparatively few arc needed for such service. For even man on the firing line, it is estimated that fifteen must work at home to support him, and of these it is probable that not more than one is called into distinctively military service, because they are not wanted there. The government arbitrarilv selects its soldiers. None past thirtv-one are called and none nast forty-five arc taken. Minors are not called, because it is wiser that minors sta' at home. There fore, a large number of willing and loyal men are held back from battle. To know how best to help the nation these loyal men at home should understand that the purpose of fighting is to pro tect the United States from the ' cruel and ruthless aggressions of Germany, as in the Lusitania tragedy, and "to make the world safe for democracy." What do we mean by the phrase, ''to make the world safe for democracy?" It is to protect men and women in their right to make pleasant homes, to rear families in safe and quiet places in the sun, unmolested, unalarmed: to rid them forever of the black menace suffered by France through forty years by a neigh bor nation methodically whetting, whetting, whetting its assassin knife against the day of slaughter. Just what the menace meant to France may be gathered from the following extract from the memoirs of former Ambassador Gerard, now being published serially in the United States: "It seems that the Germans had Endeavored to get volunteers from the great industrial towns of Lille. Roubaix and Turcoing to work their fields: that after posting of the notices calling for volunteers only fourteen had appeared. The Germans then gave orders to seize a certain number of inhabitants and send theni out to farms in the outlying districts to engage in agricultural work. The Americans told me this order was carried out with the greatest barbarity: that a man would come home at ni and find that his wife or children had disappeared." The policy of Germany was to subdue France first and take the channel ports. Then England would be conquered and her navy appropriated, as well as that of the French, for operations against the United States. Jherefore. not onlv is it the dutv for those who are called by the government to fight to go cheerfully and proudly, but it is a more insistent duty for those who stay at home to serve efficiently and well, under direction of the government. Each It seems clear in view of all the facts, that Arthur Henderson, whose resignation was accepted by Premier Lloyd George, acted largely on a misunderstanding of the facts and because of pique to ward his fellow ministers of the war council. That Henderson has no idea of bringing the war to a close, before Germany has been brought to terms, may be judged by an interview given out less, than two weeks ago. In that interview he didn't speak of nationality, of patriotism, of anything other than internationalism, which he said had been violated by German professed internationalists. He pointed out that the German socialists and international labor organizations had betrayed their British, Belgian and French brothers to the Prussian autocracy, and had preached pacifism in England and brotherhood in France, Belgium and Russia, using their internationalism to spy in the interest of the kaiser, and their persuasion to lull their victims into false security. Mr. Henderson pointed out that at the beginning of the war he called upon the English unions to protest against England's participation in the conflict, and he appealed to his German brothers to forbid the kaiser his supplies. Relying upon German internationalists who had collaborated with him in conventions of workers, he felt assured, he said, that the workmen of Europe had the power and the will to veto the war. But the German unions failed him. They broke their own promise, proved themselves German imperialists first, and inter nationalists only for the purpose of fooling their confiding brothers. They had promised to participate in a general European strike, if the monarchs declared war. Instead, he pointed out, they voted the kaiser money and assisted in the ravaging of Belgium's in dustrial homes. It was then, Mr. Henderson says, he declared for war. And he is waging war, he says, to establish internationalism. Political boundary lines do not define his sympathies, which are as broad as humanity. Patriotism does not limit his objectives, which are directed toward an earth rescued from tyrannies and oppression, and dedicated to the welfare of the race and the cause of the producers. But, according to Mr. Henderson's statement, he sees Ger many as the obstacle, as the .opponent of the future, who must be beaten into impotence and repentance, before humanity can come into its own, and this earth be cleansed of its political crimes and industrial exploitations. Mr. Henderson sees all of this because he is made to see, not because he likes to admit the fact. He is, forced to recognize that Germain- means reversion, despotism, caste, oppression, exploitation misery for the many, civilization's ruin. And Mr. Henderson, as a practical professing Christian as well as a labor leader, has another truth borne in on him. He believes in the "corporate responsibility" of the civilized world for the peace of the world and that it is the "collective duty of th nations to execute a world judgment against lawless powers." With such views as these, expressed by Mr. Henderson so recently, there can be no doubt of his belief that Germanv must be taught good faith and good manners toward the rest of th world, at whatever cost the lesson mav be to the teachers. ring, he" would have outmatched several bankers and college pro fessors and farmers in a fistic encounter. For fifty years the Germans had been training for war, as Jackl Johnson 'trained to fight Jeffries. The other nations were bending j their energies at manufacturing, banking, farming, merchandising ' commerce and other pursuits of peace, the normal condition of' mankind and making for happiness instead of misery. 'J iHIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIHIIIIIIIIimiHIHI FOLLOWS OUR EXAMPLE. millllllllMllllltlllHIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIi i Undaunted by threats of rebellion and secession in Quebec, the dominant English-speaking provinces of Canada have determined to follow the American lead. Conscription has been adopted. Indeed it was the sense of injustice induced by the French-Canadian slackerism that hardened the resolve of the majority in parliament to draft future over-seas contingents. Beyond doubt the example of the United States was influ ential in forcing this conclusion. Also the adoption by this gov ernment of the income tax system has apparently induced Can ada to favorably consider a similar plan for raising revenues for the Dominion. In modern wars conscription of men and conscription of wealth are both necessary if they arc to be conducted successfully. Volunteering was all right to raise an army in the Spanish war and indirect taxation was ample. But on the scale of the present war no nation would get far if it depended on those systems for getting men and money. COUNTY VALUATION IS RAISED A HALF MILLION ''''''MM AN INSANE NATION. man and each woman must do his or her bit in the great struggle for human right. X AN UNLOVELY QUARREL. f Secretary of the Xavy Daniels and the Xavy league are treat ing the country to an unwholesome spectacle. Under direction of the Xavy league women all over fthe country have been knitting jackets and socks for the comfort of the seamen. Now the sec retary of the navy announces that these works of love and patriot ism will not be accepted by the navy department for the men unless they are sent through some agency other than the Xavy league. That the Xavy league has been hypercritical of Mr. Daniels and his work and that its charge regarding the Mare Island tragedy was entirely out of place, so far as organized labor is concerned, we have no doubt, but to have a man at the bead of the navy; department capable of refusing gifts for the men under him, be cause they come through an agency with which lie has a personal ! quarrel, is a little too much for the American stomach. President Wilson named his cabinet, except two of them, fol lowing his first political campaign and when there was no thought of a great war being thrust upon the country. They were political appointments, wholly. In the present crisis the country requires the services of the most capable men of the nation, regardless of politics. Reluctantly, the president rose lo the occasion and settled the Goethals-Dennian row. and ships are now being built, lie is not the sort of chief executive to permit the efficiency of the navy to be impaired by the personal grievances of JoscpWs' Daniels. Can a whole nation become insane? is a question that alienists are seriously asking regarding Germany. The letter from a highly educated German girl to the Swiss woman who had taught he the French language, is no more extreme than the utterances of learned professors in German universities, generals, statesmen pastors of churches and financiers. It is in common with th language of most of the German publicists that the German is a superman with the right to impose his will on the rest of man kind. But that sort of talk is not indulged in German' alone. You hear it in the United States, even while we are at war with Gcr many. According to the German belief there is a special provi deuce directing the efforts of the German people. German minis tcrs of the gospel are seriously teaching that Adam and Eve were Prussians, because created by the God of Prussia. The German girl's letter, published in the Boston Transcript is by no means the first of such insane utterances to be brought to the United States. A Swiss writer compiled a whole book full of tlieni. giving in each instance the name of the author and hi position or profession and the date of the utterance. ihc kaiser, in many of his later addresses and letters, has spoken of the "God of Germany," much in the same manner that the ancient Hebrews spoke of the "God of Israel'' and His care for the "chosen people." But there are men in Germany who see things clearly. Here is an extract from a communication to the Vorwoerts bv Pastor Hermann Tech, and intended for such pastors as the one referred to in the letter of Kattc Hamel to her Swiss teacher: "It is ever the old song about the pulverization of the enemy who does not allow himself to be pulverized about the reward of sacrifice, about the future utilization of the yet unlaid eggs, and so forth, all of, it showing an utter oblivion of the universal truth that preserves a nation, and that he who takes up the sword shall perish by the sword. " e Christian clergy protest in the name of the Christian religion against these false prophets, against the war champions in the priestly gown, against all the lying Zedekiahs! "Even" as those four hundred false prophets who cried war and who by their lies brought the princes and people of Israel to their ruin, so also by their bovine stupidity will these black-coated emissaries of pan-Germanism send our fatherland to perdition unless they be speedily muzzled for the mad dogs they are." With such words of sanity, there is hope that Germany, may yet be cured of the madness which now seems to possess nearly the whole people. The Britishiand the French are curing the Bnisriiaus of it now in . France arid Flanders, and -the Americans sdoiVviH be administering the cure' in large and effective doses. ,; '' The Germans in the United States sav if the Prussians are ice-rresnlent .Marshall wants to "send the wind squad ip 'no- a mperior rate. lr l- it that it requires the combined -trength Congress to France Aitli tie anators." Wouldn't do. iators of the world to fizht them We would hardlv call lack Johnson I a superior man, but, when in the pink of training for the prize can't fh in a gale. (From Saturday's Daily) R. T. Belcher, clerk of the board of supervisors, yesterday received notice from the State tax commission that some material changes had been made in the valuations and assessments ot the county for the coming fiscal year, most of the readjustments being pharged to the county's livestock and mining interests. The changes in the valuations have been authorized by the State board of equalization, which was recently in session at the State capita!, and will result in a net gain in the county's assessable property of $694,591. The valuation on the 117,867 head of range cattle which arc assessed in the county, was raised to $29 pet head, making a total of $3,418,143, this sum being a net increase of $471, 468 over the assessments of last year. The State board felt justified in mak ing the raise 5n the valuation because of the fact that the market is at present rather strong and good prices TWO YAVAPAIANS RE TURN WITH THEIR BARS (From Sunday's Daily) Ilcrndon J. Norris and J. W. Get singer, Yavapai county men who won commissions as second lieutenants in the field artillery at the Presidio of ficers' school, have returned from San Francisco for short leaves, prior to reporting for duty with the drafted troops at American Lake, Wash. Both of them were very young men to win such high positions, but both of them show the fine results of in tensive training. Norn's was a partner in his dad's law firm here. Gctsinger was a school teacher at Clarkdale. The course they elected was the hardest given at the Presidio, and the branch of service they arc now in is the next highest in the entire Amer ican military scheme. The instructors at the Presidio were experts in secur ing from the men the highest amount of application. The spirit of the men in training at ,r, l.rlntr obtained for all beef cattle s school was admirable, according sojj ' ' iV I to Gctsinger. After a number of them The county's 112,210 head of sheep !Iiad becn dismissed, as unfit for fur- ordered assessed at $6 a head, ncr tracing to ue omccrs, a large bringing the valuation of the wool producers up to $673,260, an increase of $224,420 over the figures of 1916. All goats in the county, numbering 44,080. will be listed at $3 a head. The total value of this class of livestock in the county is thus placed at $132, 240, or $20,165 more than that of last year. The United Verde Extension Min ing Company secured a reduction of the assessed valuation on its produc ing mines and equipment amounting to $126,070, the values as determined by the equalizing board being $2 551. 329. In the matter of the assessments ol the property owned in this county by the Grijalva Coarse Gold Mining Company, the State board ordered a flat reduction of 50 per cent, and in stead of being taxed an $22,030 worth of iironcrtv. tho company will be scheduled as being worth $11,01:5, The value of the producing mines owned by the Copper Chief Mining Company, at present leased to the Ilaydcn Development Company, was calcd down to $173,080 from the former valuation of $240,383, result ing in a decrease of $67,303. flic affairs of the Bank of Jcrom were evidently considered to be in a nrosncroiis condition by the State board, the assessment on the shares of the stock of the organization hav ing been increased to $53,089 from the old figure of $49,319, a raise of $3,770. flic property and equipment of the Consolidated Arizona Smelting Com pany also came in lor a raise, the former valuation of $300,000 having been boosted to $434,460, an increase of $134,460. Pile Jerome Meat Company was also listed for a raise in valuation, the new figures as fixed by the board be ing $76,236, an increase of S44.695. The readjustments as set out above entail a gross increase of $i9&,99 m the valuation of the county's taxable ropcrty, while the decreases amount o $204,3S8, leaving a net increase of 694,591, which will result in a ma terial boost in the amount of the taxes collected ill the county during the coming ycr. percentage of them turned right around and enlisted, preferring to start in at the bottom and acquire gradually what they failed to get in a short course. They went to everj branch of the service, includjng the navy. To these men, who have prov en the best of sports, in spite of every reason to be discouraged, there will come swift promotion as their pro gress in military science warrants. Captain A. H. Gale, who is also in the field artillery, will leave tomorrow for the Presidio, where he will be an instructor. LIKE" OLD HOME COMING WEEK IN ENGLAND MIDDIES FROM DESTROY ER FLEET COME ASHORE AND RENEW FRIEND SHIPS WITH MEN FROM THE OTHER BOATS. WAR DEPARTMENT SAYS WHIPPLE MUST GO HUN PRESS CONDEMNED LINCOLN. Neb.. Aug. IS. The btatc council of dcfcnsc in a state ment strongly condemns the German auguage press in the .country for al leged promulgation of anti-American propaganda and calls on congress to nac laws o curb the editors of .-uch papers. (From Sunday"s Daily) Orders have been issued by the war department, which arc interpreted by military people as meaning the complete abandonment of Fort Whipple, in which all personal or movable property of any character is to be shipped away, as well arc all frame buildings on the reserve to be sold at public auction to the highest bidder. It is estimated that there will be five carloads of furniture, fixtures and other goods, and Fort Sam Houston, at San Antonio, Texas, is designated as the shipping point. It is expected to have the property loaded before next Wednesday. Nothing but the bare buildings are to remain, and it is also stated the services of a caretaker will be discontinued. This action has created general comment in this city, in view of the fact that military orders issued last May called for the re-garrisoning of the post, in which two battalions or 800 soldiers were to be on duty, with a probability of light artillery and a school of musketry being stationed there. Favorable recommendations have been repeatedly made by mili tary men for this post to be main tained and the final disposition of the matter is evoking expressions of very much surprise. Associated Press Correspondence. BASE AMERICAN FLOTILLAS IN BRITISH WATERS, Aug. IS. It was like an old home week here the other day when an unusually large number of destroyers came into port and consequently a larger number ol erstwhile middies, now officers in Uncle Sam's navy, came shore. Every body said hello to everybody else. A Georgian drawled out to a Texan, while the man from New York and the one from New England, could easily be spotted by their manner of speech. Many were former navy men, who had served for a brief period after being graduated from Annap olis, but who responded to the call, when the United States came into the war. "They were putting up a dummy battleship right under my office win dow in Union Square when I decided to come back," explained an ensign from New York. "Every time I looked out of my window, I saw that ship getting bigger. When its masts topped the trees in the park I couldn't do any more work, so I just closed my desk and offered myself. And here I am and mighty glad of it Hello Jack ." An old class mate from Boston interrupted to lead the New York ensign back to his school days. "Reminds me of a lodge meeting," sang out a cheerful individual from Atlanta as he beamed on the crowd of familiar faces. "It would be hard to find a more amiable, good naturcd crowd of young men anywhere in the world. "God Llcss 'cm," said one ensign. "To morrow they would go cheerfully to the duty of 'hunting the elusive peri scope." It is this almost boyhood enthu siasm among full grown men that has endeared the Americans to everybody with whom they come in contact here. "Yanks," the villagers call them in affectionate admiration. One of the pleasant surprises for the younger officers from the classes from 1906 to 1911 occurred the other day when they met their teacher of English snd marine law at AnnapoliN in the person of the American consul here. "He's got a pretty good line on all of us," said one of the forme middies; probably recalling an inci dent of boyhood mischief at school. The consul winked knowingly. "It's mighty fine to sec so many of those youngsters again," mused the consul after he had finished shaking hands all around. COPPER HILL READY FOR BIG OPERATIONS MAYER SMELTER IS SOON TO RESUME (From Sunday's Daily) The Copper Hill holdings in Copper Basin arc .bc"Tng shaped up for large development Jo begin immediately, and the arrival a few days ago of a large oil, burning engine to drive an air compressor marks a new era in operations decided upon for that property. This nio-c results from develop ment given since Arthur L. Garford took over the group last April, since which time over seven carloads of a high grade copper-molybdenite pro duct have been shipped East, with values that were satisfactory. The in creased power facilities arc warranted by development given at different points, and the plan is to drive the main shaft to a depth of 1,000 feet, with intermediate exploration also energetically carried out. Additional surface accommodations arc to be provided for an increased force, and what is planned to be the biggest camp in that field will soon be realized. MINE EXAMINATION (From Saturday's Daily.) Stephen Lent, of Sail Francisco, (From u7dI7 Daily) I r" lllc chy, ,StCrda' W. J. Mayer, a visitor vesterdav ;ft" " '"f to the Jerome field on miii- from Mayer, stated that the Great !g business. He is a nephew of the Western Smelter, which suspended a "' k,v" 'inlnS cnS',"cr of early short time ago, owing to labor lrou-:da.vs 'v,1 uas wit,, ,Ile Fur" of bles. affecting tlic source of the ore I "-"""stock tame, aim was .in mis nciu supply, was to resume this week, ac-!"vitl' 'Jclc when a . very young cording to reports in circulation. The! ,na"- "c s,atcd I,e wol,ld rcturn dur company lias Hearing completion aV'B y".'"", steel power house, and new units i v" "" '"'"cral country adjacent to have been addid to the plant during Prescott. He visited the Peck m the the shutdown, while ntl'cr nuprtnc- Journal-Miner liners bring results. ""'enL jinents have been added to the equip- Try thc JournaI.Mmer for art;st;c 'job work.