Newspaper Page Text
WEEKLY JOURNAL-MINER, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 20, 1918.
PAGE TWO - Published by THE JOURNAL-MINER PUBLISHING COMPANY. Members Associated Press Published Every Morning Except Monday. J. W. MNE P. R. MILNES, Editor. TERMS: DUy, per year 00 Daily, per month Weekly, per year MO Weeky, six month 1.50 Weekly, three months ..- LOO Payable in Advance. Entered at Postoffice, Prescott, Ariz., as second-class mail Matter. Ceder the requirements of the new postal law. subscriptions are payable In 4vaoCB P order that the paper may be permitted to pass through the malla as aeeenfl-cliss natter. ' Accordingly. sutfscriptlons will be stopped at expiration. All retains matter "parked with one or more stars () signifies that the lame la adver UXltc master, pais for or agreed to be paid for. MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press Is exclnslvelr entitled to the use for republication of all Mn crefllted to It or S otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news Whll&lxd herein. All Tlchts of repufflloitlon of special despatches herein are also r4rvpd. n)imniiiiitiinmitiittitniniiinrmtmfw AMERICAN ?niiiiiHiiiiinimiiiiiMnmi " ' Iii the early days of the Roman empire citizenship was so valuable that men strove earnestly might bt bound or flogged or imprisoned without trial by law, nor if sentenced to suffer death could he be sentenced by cruifixion. Paul, when about to be whipped the Roman guard, said to the centurion who was about to carry out the order, "Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman and uncondemned?" In hot haste the chief captain was informed. There was no scourging. "And the chief captain was also afraid after he knew that he he had bound him." The chief captain had obtained ing a great price for it, but Paul a Jew. Citizenship that may be obtained by perfunctorily signing a paper, or the more important benefits or which may be had with out even that formality, can hardly be held in high regard by an incoming Allien. Certainly ho immigrant would feel called upon to pay a great sum to obtain our freedom as the Roman com mander of Jerusalem had done in order to secure Roman -citizenship. The national obligations- to which American citizens have been held during the last fifty years of peace have been so gentle and unobtrusive that citizenship has seemed to many of us an intangible and more or less trifling good. It is riot much to be wondered at that many native-born Americans' "and veneered aliens have been quick to exchange it for small sums of money on election day as well as for any sub stantial mess of pottage that might be offered. Much less should one wonder that foreigners forgot to take out their "second papers," when they enjoyed all the rights of citizenship by the "first papers." or through the neglect of officials to challenge their right. The naturalization of the foreign-born in years gone by, especially in some of the largcr'.citics, was often done just before election by ward politicians, who rounded up eligible aliens, paid their small fees, had them sworn in by droves and voted them thus at the polls. Such a process inevitably cheapened American citizenship in the eyes of these new Americans. In these later years the courts arc examining more carefully the applicants for citizenship, and in many cases make an im pressive ceremony of the act of naturalization. But it will take the lessons of the war to restore to its high esteem the American franchise that has been cheapened for generations by cheap politics. I THOSE DUTCH SHIPS The decision of the United States and Great' Britain to take over all of thc Holland merchant ships in American or British ports amounting to a million tons is one of the most important ami drastic steps, of thc war. l;rom thc beginning of thc discussion the Journal-Miner has pointed out thc fatuity of talking about "freedom of the seas" in time of war. Xothing could better emphasize and impress the Journal liner's contention than thc purpose of America and lingland to seize the shipping of Holland, even over the protest of The Nether lands government,! strictly a neutral since the beginning of the war in 1H14. This country and England take the position that Holland is bulldozed by Germany and is intimidated to such an extent that she is afraid to do anything to which the kaiser would disapprove,! lest the fate of Belgium be hers. j But Holland must have foodstuffs which can only be supplied I from the United States. These foodstuffs are going forward, but in return for it thc idle merchant ships belonging to Holland com-1 panics are to be commandeered and employed in the transportation service of thc allies. Of course thc Dutch owners will be paid for the services of the hips and any losses will be made good. This million Ions of shipping will be made good. This million ton-, of shipping will be an enormous asct for the. alliev- Their greatest need is ships ships and more ships. The cominaiideering from thc Dutch is equal to about fifty per cent of thV- tonnage which can be turned out this year at all the American.-shipbuilding plants... 1 Mark Twain's daughter is objecting to thc publication of a book alleged to be written b Mark Twain's ghost. She says her father netr Woiild Imc written fcueh poor truck while he was 111 the flesh. Also he wasn't a spiritualist. Managhig Editor. CITIZENSHIP to secure it. Xo Roman citizen by order of the chief captain of (I'aul) was a Roman because his Roman citizenship by pay was born a Roman, even though f KSSfflCENllWIINDiafflG urnunnH m SKULL VALLEY (From Tuesday's Dail0 Several weeks ago a petition was presented to .the board of supervisors asking that the highway between Iron Springs and Skull Valley be abandoned, a number of the ranch ers in the vicinity of the route hav ing alleged (hat the road was not being traveled .enough to warrant its' being kept up. The signers of the petition apparently wished to have the road fenced up for pasturage and range land. Another petition protesting against the abandonment of the highway was also filed with the board, and yes terday when the matter came before the board during an official session, it was learned that many of the same signatures were to be found on both petitions, and. the ' matter was accordingly .thrown out and the road will continue to be open for traffic as of yore. Patriotic Young Y ' Qtitlbai iVf fnCr IS i U-UU-HU-L "1U,W " Clni-nrt r J7-i itH-f 1 VJUlKg LJ x &' lt ; (From Tuesday's Daily.) Simmons, a young miner rc- ccntly employed at the Storm Cloud. , l"c persisted with practically the wheel, which motor may be reversed is on the way to Camp Meade, Mary-1 same dimensions on each level from, and operated as a generator dehver land, to join the 27th Mine Engineer-1 the surface to the deepest workings, ing as electric energy the surplus inR corps, selecting this arm of the' -11200 feet in the Bluebell and 800 power which serves now only to service owing to his familiarity with!fcct 5n thc De Soto- the duties required ' .Mr. Simmons has not reached his; majority. Before leaving on Sunday! he said! "I want to help out, and get! : m action belorc I may he dratted few months hence It is simply a' or shrinkage sloping. tnc laucrj mln)nK cost, including development, case of patriotism 'which impels mc ' method predominating and the for-J sor,ing and tramming is $2.55 per ton; to enlist, and I am anxious to be! lcr bc,"P employed only where the; fre;gilt to Humboldt (25 miles dis with other Arizonans at Meade, man) ' stl,c wM arc ,,a'.1 ,dl,5 to scvc,rci tant) 70 cents, making the ore cost of whom I know; 1 don't care thc faulting. The ore is hoisted to the , 53.25 per ton f. o. b. Humboldt. Both snap of my finger for thc pay; now! srfacc k,',s a t,h.rcc c,0.nH at Bluebell and Dc Soto the ore is is not thc time to consider such a partmcnt shaft and dumped into bins, nln ovcr a sorting belt before load ,,:,.:,i .,.,,tr 'from which it is drawn for thc buck.;nK anj from 5 to 7 per cent of the SITUATION APPALLING WASHINGTON. March 16. Sncakine in thc senate today. Senator' Tones of Washington declared the' Ajucncan people would be appalled, 11 incy Knew mc rcai snipping suud-. tion. tlHltlHIIIttlltlltHIHIimttHHItHtllllltltlll I APPEAL TO BOLSHEVIKS J President W ilson's appeal to the Bolsheviki to stand out fot democracy and resist thc kaiser is likely to have little effect, be cause the German propagandists arc on thc job and Leninc is working hand in glove with Germany. We have fallen down in our diplomacy with Russia, becausi we have not been willing to fight German intrigue with Germany'? own weapons. Largely what Germany has accomplished in Russia both before thc overthrow of the czar and. since, has been done by bribery by passing out gold with both hands. The United States will not resort to bribery, even to win tin war. Thc government is not in are in the habit of winning elections by boodle. This country is willing to spend billions of money to win the war, but it is not willing- to win by boodle methods. Germany is glad to hire men to betray, any one of the allied nations, to create dissatisfaction, to promote 'strikes and to reach even into thc halls of legislation and into thejicadquartcrs of high military commanders. For example we haveiir France thc stories of Caillaux and of Bolo Pasha, and of a French abinet officer. We know what did the work for Germans and Airstrians on the Isonzo. We know what has been attempted in the Uiijfcd Stales senate. 0 $ PROTECT SOLDIERS' PROPERTY J tM M. H MH4M mMM The president has signed a bill for the protection of the prop erty interests of enlisted men. The bill provides that a landlord shall not evict a soldier's dependents for non-payment of rent. A soldier's life insurance policy shall not be cancelled because of de layed premiums. Foreclosure of a mortgage on a soldier's prop erty is prohibited, nor shall a sohficr's home on which part pay ment has been made be taken from him. Iiut here comes in another provision. A soldier's property shall not be sold for taxes, national, State or local. Xo lawsuit shall be settled against a soldier during his absence. If a soldier has brought suit in court the court shall postpone settlement of the suit until the soldier can be present. Also if a soldier has a mine, timber or farm claim, assessments on which are overdue, it shall be held for him. These are some of the things Uncle Sain is doing to show appreciation for the men who are fighting the country's battles. In Denmark they're using blood to mix with flour for bread. you've got to persuade your stomach to stand for 'most any old j thing that can be chewed. All the Jcaiser's truff about an bv his giving a part of Poland to ",,.-,,. - ninki np.icr witn 11m - o connected to motors and grind in 10 per cent cut, which is passed Albert Springindschmitten of Seattle has asked the court to' open circuit, treating together about through a set of sample rolls rcduc . ,. . . tt .1 ri 11 .-i .1 4j0 tous dailv The ball nulls dis-.m? 't to. about Viuch 4Ut lt l"en condense hi? name to Spring. He got along fairlj well until UiCearse 5s clcalcd to a s.foot Cal-I goes to a bnyder sampler, which takes war, when everybody began looking at him. decott cone for classification for flo- a 20 per cent cut giving thc final AT 1 Consolidated Arizona Turning Out Nearly Two Pounds of Copper a Month, Half of It Being From The Company's Two Mines, Bluebell and De Soto (From Tuesday's Daily.) The Consolidated Arizona Smelt ing Company's plant at Humboldt, Arizona is treating 800 tons of ore daily and producing therefrom about 1,800,000 pounds copper per month. Approximately half of the copper production is from the ores of the ... ... .1 and nyruc accompanied by second-j arv silicifications. In physical char-i placements in scinst oy cnaicopyntc actcristics the ore bodies are rather' chimneys than lenses; in the Bluebell! nnnr c"v nrc horlips arr heme- worked' and in the Dc Soto also six, which! company s mines, tlic Ulueuell anu pockcis on tnc auu icvci to uic uins the Dc Soto and the balance from; at the upper terminal of the aerial custom material. j tram, a distance of 2300 feet. The The ore deposits of the two cow- tram line is 4000 feet long and oper pany mines arc of the same type, re- atcs by gravity, there being a diffcr- .... . , i .? -r innn f . mi ... ,1 1 I ! a'"" -.-i cts of thc aerial tramway to be car-, ricd three miles to thc railroad There it is loaded in 40 ton cars for. thc 12-milc haul to Humboldt overt. thc Crown. King branch of thc Santal rc system.- 1 lie tsiucncn nunc s prcs- cm proum-uun iu.uw iuuj ui per month and thc mining cost, n-j the hands of ward politicians who MMH''HH4HH dried, powdered slaughter-house If you're going to be a neutral. independent Poland is exposed! 1 Mc "'"coen ore uoaics vary in -r-Jic uc soto ore tiouics vary in ngth from 100 to 400 feet and in. cnBth from 50 to 120 feet and in w!dh froln 5 10 25 fcct- Two s's- width from 5 to 40 feet. The walls tcms of nng arc in use, 'cut andjstaml fily and "shrinkage" sloping fill' i . il rt-r1,onrf ctnninrr nil tirf . I. ...n.t.ml ..,n1M'.r Tim the first party that's willing to!dicr'i Hardinga mill 6 feet by, '22 inches Both mills are driven by . r. , ' BIG HUMBOLD (By P. R. Milnes) eluding development, is $2.75 to $3.00 per ton f. o. b. cars Bluebell siding. The Dc Soto mine is worked through a 2000-foot adit which cor responds to the 600-foot level of the mine. Five levels have been opened above the adit and two below it, and the mine's" production of 150 tons per !day is hauled by mules from ore t f. 1 1 the two terminals. In addition to overcoming friction and pulling up ence in cicvauun oi iwu im u"u the empty buckets considerable cn- crgy is absorbed by brakes. This en crev will shortly be utilized as electric power by gearing a motor to the bull I heat thc friction brakes. . Thc, mc uiwjr ...vi.. v.iv fbnnagc discarded as waste. Concentration t Tjtnb0i(it arc thc conccntrat-j -.i ,. -,,,ii: nU,,t The ....-,. rtnnriiv ?f)0 tons ncr . treats cxclnsivcly thc more sihc-r nr. from the niucbcll and DC ci ,;nM VQ custom ore is milled ;nd thc oxidized domestic ore and .norc basic domestic orcrc likewise ;ent direct to thc furnaces. Thc De solo ore is all very siliciotis, con taining 65 up 75 per cent insoluble md is all sent to the concentrator. 'ut much of thc Bluebell ore is quite basic and it is more profitable to .melt thc Bluebell ore directly when he percentage of insoluble runs be low 50. This is particularly thc case ;incc thc precious metal values arc jreater in thc more basi'c ore and thc recovery of these is better in direct melting than in concentration fol 'owed by smelting. Thc ore is delivered in bottom lumping railroad car6 at thc top of thc concentrator building and dis charged into a 125 ton bin supply ing thc crushing plant. A short con veyor belt takes thc ore to a 12x24 :nch Blake type breaker that reduces 't to 3 inches. Thc breaker product discharges on to a 20-inch convcyo belt leading to thc Sytuons (4S-inch diam.) disc crusher. This conveyor is equipped with a Ding magnetic pulley to pick out drill bits, hammer heads and other iron and Steel pieces that would otherwise find their way :nto the Symons crusher. In spite of this precaution steel occasionally sets into the crusher causing chokc- ups that require from half an hour to several hours to clear and threat ening always serious damage to thc machine. From the Syinous crusher thc ore crushed to 1 inch, discharges into a bucket elevator which raises it to a 7x3-foot trommel covered with K inch punched plate. Thc undcrsizc is conveyed by a 20-inch belt to thc 600-ton crushed ore bin furnishing storage for thc concentrating sec tion. The oversize drops to a scl of 40xl6-inch Anaconda type rolls set to '-4-inch and thc discharge of rolls is led to the bucket elevator mentioned above. the oversize is thus kept in closed circuit with thc rolls until crushed line enough to pass thc trommel screen whereupon it is conveyed to thc crushed ore bin. From the crushed ore bin thc ore now reduced to 'A inch is drawn as required for the ball mills by two; apron feeders discharging onto a 20-inch conveyor belt. This belt runs ovcr a Merrick wcightoiuctcr with automatic register recording the tonnage passed ovcr it. At thc head of thc belt is a splitter to proportion thc feed as doircd between thc two I ball mills. One ball null is an Alhs j Chalmers 6.6-foot cylindrical mill from which thc grating at the dis- charse end has been removed. The 'spur ccars on countcrsnaits dcii - m tation. Thc underflow is led to two 8-foot by 36-ineh Hardingc pebble mills for rcgrinding. Thc discharge from the rcgrinding mills passes over two Wilflcy tables; thc table con- ccntratcs go to thc concentrates ele vator, and thc tailings and middlings to thc same two elevators that re ceive thc ball mill discharge. This puts thc material that is too coarse for flotation in closed circuit with the rcgrinding mills and the cone classifier. Thc overflow from thc cone goes to thc flotation machine, a Minerals Separation standard type, of 600 tons capacity. Sufficient clear water is added to make a 3 to pulp, three parts (by weight) of water to one of ore. Thc oil mixture rcd is 3 parts stove oil, a petroleum prod uct, to 1 part refined wood creosote, Pcnsacola Tar and Turpentine Com pany's No. 200 oil and thc total oil consumption is approximately VA pounds per ton of ore. Concentrate is taken off thc first six or seven compartments of thc machine and a middlings product off thc remaining1 five or six- compartments. lor a while there were no middlings made but concentrates produced on all I compartments, but it was iounU more beneficial to return a middlings product to provide a good proportion of slimes 111 thc flotation feed At the boot of thc concentrates elevator thc table and flotation con centrates flow together. From thc head of thc elevator they arc led to a Dorr Thickener (40x10 feet). The ovrflow water from thc Thickener re turns to thc Concentrator Pond; thc concentrates, thickened to a 1, to 1 nuln discharging to a Portland 'Con- tmuous vacuum ltltcr (1x9 tceu. ine niter nannies saiisiaciornj- uit 1 entire production of 100 to 125 tons of concentrates daily, delivering a cake with 15 per cent moisture. Thc null feed contains approxi mately .05 oz. gold and 1.5 oz. silver ncr ton. and 3 per cent copper, 57 per cent insoluble, 13 per cent iron and 9 per .cent sulphur. Tabic con ccntratcs, which constitute Jo per cent of thc concentrate tonnage run about .15 oz. gold, 1.5 oz. silver, 3 per cent copper, 35 per cent iron, 15 per cent insoluble. It is particularly to be noted that thc table concen trate carries a high percentage of iron with its associated gold, whereas the copper and silver values arc tht same as in thc mill feed. Flotation concentrates average .10 oz. gold, 4.0 oz. silver, 10 per cent copper, 2 per cent insoluble, 25 per cent iron. Gen cral Mill Concentrates (mixture of thc tabic and flotation ccnccntratcs) average .12 oz. gold, 3.2 oz. silver, 8.5 per cent copper, 20 per cent in J soluble, 28 per cent iron, 31 per cent sulphur. Copper in tailings averages 0.35 per cent. SO per cent of the gold and silver in thc feed and 91 per cent of thc copper arc recovered in con centrates. From the fiffltcr the concentrates drop to a 16-inch inclined conveyor which carries them over two smelter bins of 350 tous capacity each. Intft these bins they arc discharged through a Jeffrey tripper. One bin is emptied while thc other is filling since it is -necessary with such sticky material to keep a man in thc bin being drawn even though thc slope is steep and the chutes fitted with apron feeders. All direct smelting ore received into the plant both from thc company's mines and from outside mines is de livered in railroad cars over thc twelve receiving bins which have a combined capacity of 2000 tons. From these bins thc ore is discharged onto a short 30-inch conveyor belt that takes it to thc 12x24-inch Blake breaker. Thc breaker crushes thc ore to 4-inch and discharges it upon an inclined conveyor belt (14-incli) carrying it to thc top of thc Sample Mill Building. Here the ore stream is cut by a 60-inch Vcziu samples taking a 10 per cent cut. Thc reject drops to a trommel httcd with punched plate screens OV-inch opening.) Oversize from thc trom mel is conveyed to various blast fur nace bins for thc different ores. l)n dcrsizc from thc trommel falls to a ct of 40xl5-inch rigid rolls which yield a product of about 4-inch size which is conveyed by belt to storage bins for revcrbcratory feed. The sample cut ,Jiy the... 60-inch Vcziu sampler no; n I0x7,-mch Blake breaker. The 4hschargc is. cut ... t... .... i again ny a tm sampler, idKiug , sample of 4 pounds, per' ton, .which drops to the sample sate. The smelter proper .contains a roaster plant (a new installation of four Wedge Roasters, each 20 feet 6 inches diameter with seven roast ing and one drying hearths, equipped with individual Cottrell dust precipi tators), one blast furnace 170x48 feet at thc tuyeres: and three barrel type converters 7'A feet by 10 feet, de- sinned for acid linings, but now using basic linings. The blast furnace is charged alter nately from either side using Ana conda type charge cars tilted by air hoists. A charge consists of 10,000 pounds of ore, limerock and conver ter slag skulls with II per cent coke. Thc blast pressure is 26 ounces and the furnace smelts 300 tons of charge per day. Conveyor belts running under the fine ore bins and concentrates bins pick up thc feed for the roaster plant. Thc belts carry the. feed to thc top of the roaster building where it is discharged by tripper into thc storage bins, one above each of the four roasters. Each bin has a capa city of 125 tons. Two roasters arc now operating, thc other two being still in course of construction. The roaster feed contains about 10 pet cent eppper and 26 per cent sulphur; the calcines average 6'to 7 per cent sulphur. Practically no oil is used in roasting, thc sulphur in thc feed providing sufficient fuel. The dust-laden gases from the roasters arc passed through Cottrell electric precipitation treaters located above thc roasters. There is no settling chamber, thc gases going di rectly to thc treaters. There is a separate trcatcr, divided into two sec tions, for each roaster; each section containing forty 12-inch diameter steel tubes, 16 fcct long. In each tube is suspended an insulated chain which serves as thc discharge elec trode for thc 75,000 current Thc tube, which is grounded, forms the negative electrode. Thc dust precipitation takes place as follows: The solid particles car ried by thc gasscs passing upwards through the tubes arc electrified with a charge of like size as thc chain, and are drawn to thc tube. In like man ner a small portion of the particles are charged by thc tube and drawn to thc chain. A rapping device is provided to jar the particles loose from thc tubes and chains. Thc feed particles drop in a mass to the hop pers beneath the tubes. From these hoppers thc dust is conveyed to a 10-inch hclicoil conveyor to the end of the buildinc. where It drops ;,through a chute' into' a firebrick lined hopper at thc bottom'of the building. A similar hopper, of 18 tons capacity, receives the calcines from each roaster. These hoppers discharge into standard gauge calcine cars carrying thc calcines to the revcrbcra tory furnace 250 fcct distant. The revcrbcratory furnace (19x100 feet) treats 250 to 300 tons per day solid charge, of which 75 per cent is hot calcines and thc balance free ores used for fettling.. Thc furnace also receives all thc molten converter slag. Nearly all thc charge is dropped from overhead hoppers along thc .sides of thc furnace. California crude oil, 14 degrees Baumc, is used for fuel. Back of thc furnace are two 350-H. P. Stirling water tube boilers utilizing the heat in the waste fur nace gases for the production of steam. Enough steam is generateu by waste heat to run the converter blowing engine with some slight ex cess for other purposes. Most of thc power used generally throughout thc plant at thc mines, however, is hydro-electric power purchased from thc Arizona Power Company. Thc blast furnace and reverberator- mattes each average 35 per cent copper. Two 30-ton cranes serve the three 7K-foot by 10-foot converters, two of which arc kept in thc stack continuously producing about 1,800, 000 pounds copper per month. Thc converters arc of thc old acid lining type though now operated with basic lining. Their work is not very sat isfactory, however, and makes for high costs in labor and linings. It is hoped that within the year they can be replaced with one or more larger and modern converters. YAVAPAI MINER SUICIDES IN TEXAS (From Sunday's Daily) George E. Kellogg, a miner quite well known in this county, com mitted suicide at Brazos, Texas, last month, using morphine to end his life. This news was given last night by W. E. Wallace, who arrived from i mining camp near Mayer, and he stated he had received 3. letter con veying this information from the of ficial who held thc inquest, thc de ceased leaving a note which re quested certain parties to be informed of what had taken place. Kellogg left this section about three years ago, going into Mexico with other miners to work. It is presumed that in leaving Mexico he suffered heavy losses like many other Americans by being robbed, and be-, ing in popr health also his rash act seems to fiavc been due. .to brooding ovcr his. Jpss and also ;tiis shattered health. .c was 3 native .of Indiana, but had -been in the West since a young man. He was aged about 44 years, and it is stated he has a brother in thc U. S. consul's office at Liverpool, En-jlaud, holding a responsible -position. He was unmarried.