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WEEKLY JOURNAL-MINER, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 27, 1921
PAGE THREE cotton mm TIED B! SIE DUTY HfllDIGAP By AARON H. POWERS Editor of Yavapai Magazine. (From Thursdays Daily) Ordinarily, America could lake care of the excess cotton shipped in to this country without any trouble. This was tme during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1913, before the Un derwood tariff went into effect. We raised so huge a proportion of the cotton of the world and the other countries had to vse so much of the cotton America produced, that it was the American crop that fixed the vorld's cotton prices, with variations established by the law of supply and demand. But with all the rest of the world broke and unable to pay real money for cotton, we found in 1920 that the other countries wanted America for a market. What was more, they were so badly in need of money and a)l other markets were so demoral ized that they were obliged to have our market As a result, the Ameri can cotton grower sent his goods in to a market glutted with foreign goods and offered by sellers who had to get the money, no matter what the price might be. What made it easier for the foreign grower was that he had no taxes to pay on raw cotton while the American grower was heavily taxed to meet the enor mous tax bill of the nation and had heavy freight bills due largely' to the excessive wage scale of railroad labor in this country. The foreign manufacturer was not wholly freed from taxes. The tar iffs on manufactured cottons were just about cut in half. The imports of cotton goods with a lessened tar iff restraint, was just about doubled, Under the ordinary demand of 1913, there was shipped into this country 166,680,918 pounds of cot ton. In 1920, when the American grower tried to sell his cotton, he had to face the fact that foreign countries had shipped into America, without any tax, 299,994,353 pounds. Every pound of this cotton took away the market for a pound of American grown cotton because there was no market for cotton abroad at any price. Manufactured cotton goods were shipped into America during the fis cal year ending June 30, 1913, to the extent of $62,133,808. They paid a tax to America of $34,153,263.26. Dur ing .the calendar year of 1920, siitiilar imports had jumped to $123,467,576, although the taxes paid were only $36,384,929.27. It must be remem bered that every dollar's worth of these goods took away the market for a dollar's worth of goods made by American workmen. It also les sened the possible market for Ameri can cotton by that amount. These things help us to understand why the growers of the Salt River valley could find no market for their cotton. Of course, many American factories had to be shut down, owing to the enormous influx of foreign- made goods. But some of them kept going. When these mills went into the market for cotton, they did not ask: "Where was it grown?" They asked: "What is the price?" And no matter what the price was, the American cotton was not taken be cause, in the face of an offering of American cotton, the foreign grower was nrepared to say: "I will shade the price." It cost the foreigner about one- fifth as much for freight to ship his long fiber cotton from Egypt to Boston as it did for the Phoenix man to reach the same market by rail. Wages were hugely less. Taxes were not so heavy. Besides, the American dollar is worth about $1.30 in English money today. Added to this is the fact that the foreign grower is in this market because he must sell and intends to sell and the kind, noble, generous American, moved by brotherly love, holds the bag. The most unfortunate feature of these conditions is that the countries of the world are going to remain im poverished for another generation, at least. This means that if America wishes to continue to raise long fiber cotton, and sell it, she must do one of two things. She must either re duce her labor costs to those of the fellaheen of the valley of the Nile, and then some more to offset the higher freight rates and the rate of exchange, or else she must put such a tarifi on cotton as will make un for the difference in the costs of production on cotton landed in the American market Unfortunately there is i large group of men in Arizona who belong tc a party, one of the prime tenets of which is that a "protective tariff is a crime." The partisans-' of this group cannot recognize that in this country, producing almost immeasur able new wealth each year, a protect ive tariff is necessary if that wealth is to remain in America, to be di vided among Americans. The cotton growers of Arizona and those who do business with them and thrive through their prosperity, can afford to face a tariff 'of 35 cents a barrel on crude oil if they can hold the American market for their cotton. They can afford to have a tariff of two cents a pound on meat, if they can get a fair price for their cotton. They can afford to have the 40 pounds of copper in their high- powered automobiles bear a tax of a few cents a pound, if that will in sure a protective, policy that will guarantee them their home market at a fair figure. This is particularly true, because this same protective policy will mean more -men at work in the factories, on the trains, and in the mills so that the home market will have been enormously increased. (This is the third of a series of articles on the at-home aspects of tariff. The first dealt with beef and beef hides and mutton and wool; the second covered the eppper situation. The people are talking about these articles, which have appeared ex clusively in the Journal-Miner. Editor.) MI IS BELIi 01 A IMPRESSED If VERDE CENTRAL Robert Fuller, of This City, Arrested and Held on Charge Involv ing a Young Girl Arrested yesterday afternoon by members of the sheriff's office, Rob ert Fuller, of this city, was .lodged in the county jail, where he is being held on a statutory charge involving Nedze Chapman, a girl said to b aged 14 years. It is stated that Fuller's alleged crime took place when the girl was 13 years of age. She is the mother of a child of three months. Arraignment will take place at 10 o'clock this morning before Justice of the Peace Charles H. McLane. OVER HALF OF WILD Approximately 500 Head Rounded Up on Cherry, Bloody Basin and Sycamore Ranges (From Thursday's Daily) Work of ridding the Cherry, Syca- more and Bloody Basin districts o the Prescott forest of wild horses said to number about 900 head, had resulted up to yesterday in the cap ture of approximately 500 head, ac cording to reports received at the office of the forest service here yes terday. Reports bv T. H. Thurston, ranch er of the Mayer country, were 'that about 230 of the horses had been rounded up and corraled on his ranch, and that at least that many more had been caught on the Syca more district. The unbranded and unclaimed horses will be taken south, where, it is stated, they will be disposed of at a soap factory near Tucson. Jeff Davis, state inspector of the live stock sanitary, board, left Prescott yesterday for Mayer to take charge of the animals and supervise their shipment to the south. The horses are unfit for other use than in soap making, because of wildness and of being deteriorated in breed. H HIGHER COURT Two couples yesterday were mar ried in the superior court by Judge E. E. Bollinger, following issuance of licenses by Clerk J. C. Woods William B. Phillips, aged 23 years, and Elma May Ball, 18, both resi dents of Phoenix, were the first couple to wed. With them as wit nesses were Eleanor Lee and Wil liam Poulson. They will make their home in Phoenix. Later, a license was issued to Bat tista Cassetto, 36 years of age, and Leonilda Perron, 35, both of Je rome, lncy were married by Judge Bollinger in the presence of Cather ine Rolfi and L. Bertino. They will live in Jerome. IM VILLA MOVIE BY A CLEVER RUSE . (Associated Press) EL PASO, Texas, July 21. Fran cisco Villa's aversion to photography is well known to camera men who have tried to get motion pictures of him. Recently two Americans suc ceeded in getting pictures of the former bandit by a clever ruse. James Caldwell, harvester agent, and, C. J. Kaho, camera man, went to Villa's place as representatives of the manufacturers of harvesters. While ostensibly taking pictures of the harvesters at work, Kaho was snapping Villa. The' ex-bandit sus pected something of the sort and ordered his attendants to destroy -the film. Kaho managed to slip the film. Kaho managed to clip the and turning over for destruction sev-j eral hundred feet of unused film. ' (From Thursday's Daily) Visibly impressed with recent news of the Jerome district, Shil lings' Mining Review of Duluth on Saturday, carried the following: The announcement that Calumet & Arizona Mining company has ob tained an option for control of the Verde Central Mines, Inc., has di rected fresh and interested attention to the Jerome district of Arizona. The Verde Central people have en countered some excellent ore at a depth of 300 feet, in a shear zone in schist similar to the formation of the United Verde mine. Their property lies immediately south of the United Verde and southwest of the United Verde Extension properties. The ores of the Jerome district are very per sistent and carry to great depth, as ore is now being mined from 2,000 feet in the United Verde mine. Min ing men who were familiar with th surface ores of the United Ver.de mine state that the ore occurrence o the Verde Central is similar to that of the glory hole of the former mine where the ore deposit came to the surface. The only outcrop in the camp- was that one at the United Verde. The ore deposits of the United Verde Extension mine were discover ed under 600 feet of barren sed mentary rock, without any indication at surface of the ore beneath. fact the district might today be un known but for the big fault in th territory immediately east of th United Verde mine. This fault drop ped the ground on the east side 1,600 fet, thus forming the Verde valley The upturned 'edges of the buried schist were exposed to .the west o the fault, and the outcrop of th United Verde mine ore was also ex posed. History May Repeat In the schist of the Jerome district were intruded large diorite an quartz porphyry dikes, followed late by smaller and more siliceous dikes, Great lenses of sulphide were de posited along the contacts and shear zones thus created. These sulphides were later varied in composition and locally enriched by the circulation o ground water, giving rise to the re markable bodies of high grade cop per ores, for which the district is noted, according to F. A. Provot who has made a study of the district, The excellent showing which has been made by the Verde Central at the moderate depth of 300 feet, nat urally suggests that history of the district may again repeat itself, and another great mine be brought in. Verde Central Properties The Verde Central Mines, Inc. owns the fee to 20 patented claims aggregating 312 acres. The property lay dormant for many years follow ing a little development that was done by the former owners. The property was reported upon favor ably by Edwin J. Collins of Duluth mining engineer, two years ago, and he recommended that development work be done. This work has been successful, and ore was struck sev eral months ago. The importance o this find may be gauged by the fact that the Calumet & Arizona Mining company has taken an option on the treasury stock and is going to ex plore the property in its thorough way. W. F. Stanton of Los Angeles, a mining engineer, is president, anu Chas. T. Joslin of Prescott, Ariz., is secretary-treasurer of the Verde Cen tral. ELS OPEN UP ON ROUTE to cm DM S TO T KNIflOT OF 111 Securing of Aerial Forest Patrol Still Uncertain, Communications from Washington Show Aerial fire patrol for the Prescott National forest may or may not be secured, is the ambiguous informa tion derived, from communications read at last night's meeting of the chamber of commerce. Assurance was had, .however, that the office of the national forest service in Wash ington will extend its co-operation in the matter. A letter from Congressman Hay- den was read, enclosing a letter to Hayden from Acting Chief Forester Hadley at Washington. Hadley's let ter quoted "a paragraph from the agri cultural appropriation act, covering an appropriation of $50,000 for the maintenance of aerial patrols for the Pacific states and the Rocky moun tain district. It stipulates that no part of this sum is to be used for the purchase of equipment or land, or the erection of any permanent buildings. Hadley promised Con gressman Hayden his co-operation. On his part, Hayden in his letter, assured the chamber of commerce here that he will take up with the war department the matter of secur ing equipment to patrol forest dis tricts in this end of Arizona; Dr. H. C. Gardner of Salt Lake is acknowledged a scientist of note, but the doctor has another side to his nature that was revealed yesterday when he sat down to tell about the marvels of a four-day trip from his home to Prescott via the Grand Canyon. Gardner and his party were said at El Tovar to have been the first to make the trip, using the new government suspension bridge across the gorge far below the canyon rim. Beauties and wonders of nature hitherto unheard of were disclosed to the astonished but appreciative eyes of the party, when the members thereof reached the little known country north of the north rim. They traveled by three approved modes in order to shorten the dis tance between Salt Lake and Pres cott, and at the same time avail themselves of the new route the gov ernment has made possible for north and south travelers. They left the Utah metropolis by automobile and drove 274 miles to Bryce's Canyon. There they spent the first night amid surroundings that were to say the least unique. The second half, day's travel 186 miles brought them to the north rim where they obtained saddle animals from Jim Owens, the cougar hunter who was Colonel Roosevelt's guide during his 1913 hunt One night was spent in the Grand Canyon. The trip from rim to rim was 13 miles long in actual map distance, but 35 miles by trail. The journey was completed by train. Bryce'c Canyon is something dit ferent. Lacking the overwhelming dfstances that distinguish the Grand Canyon, its rare structural and color beauties are easier to appreciate. The differential erosion of its. rock' forma tions has left it with hundreds and thousands of vertical columns, vary ing from pure white limestone to deep red sandstone. Whereas in the larger canyon, the distances are sucn as to prevent reflection of light from one "temple" to another, in the Bryce gorge, the pillars throw upon each other an unearthly light. Some nf the columns appear to glow as though illuminated A from within. Others seem to be translucent. An experience seldom if ever en joyed, was prepared for the party on the first night. The stream which has eroded the canyon, plunges out ward and down over an escarpment, and sprays over a grassy cone about 40 feet high, its top truncated and about the size of a medium sized room. Behind the cone and between it and the wall of the cliff over which the stream tumbles, is a con siderable cave where camping par ties find it convenient to pass the night. From within this cave ur. Gardner and his companions were able to view the rise of a full moon behind the jagged pinnacles of the canyon wall, and through the mist and spray of the waterfall In thns drinking in the glowing beauties of the moonrise, the travelers added to their previous excellent impression of the waterfall, which had provided them with an exhilarating cold show er bath upon their arrival. There is a woeful lack of definite information about the enchanting new land "of the north rim., No body in Salt Lake seemed to know that, a new bridge had been built in the Grand Canyon, to enable men and beasts, but not motor vehicles of course, to traverse the gorge and reach either rim. An article m a magazine, describing the completion of the bridge, decided the party to make the trip by way of the canyon, and a telegram to the Grand Canyon confirmed the view that it was not only a possible, but a highly desir able journey. The trip north and south via the suspension bridge will certainly not be supplanted in popularity even by the proposed new aerial r,oute from Salt Lake to Williams, .once, the people discover the myriad attract ions. - , A Distinguished Party Dr. Gardner's party contains some distinguished men. Among them are President Alfred Atkinson of the Montanta State agricultural college, Sterling Talmage, chemist, mining engineer and geologist, of Salt Lake City, and Thomas Crandall of Too ele, Utah, field man. The party is here in connection with the approach ing smoke damage cases which come to trial .in August, and will make a survey of the cases under prepara tion by the United Verde Copper company. On their departure north at the conclusion of the cases, they will pursue the same route and will be accompanied by George Nilsson of Anderson, Gale & Nilsson. HORSE THIEVES GO TO SERVE SENTENCE Two Members of Trio Convicted of Horse Stealing Are Taken in Custody to Florence (From Friday's Daily) Revival of outlaw practices of the west formerly led to capture and punishment at the hands of vigilan tes, a reflection which probably more or less mitigated the somber thoughts of Don McCoy and Homer Neeley, a s they traveled on the southbound train yesterday in cus tody of Undersheriff Joe Furst, bound for the state penitentiary at Florence. They will serve indeter minate sentences of from one to three years. McCoy and Neeley were arrested with a third man at the edge of the Gr.ind Canyon recently, after a chase that led officers over 70 miles. They were brought back to Prescott, and tried on a grand larceny charge for stealing a number o'f horses from the Williamson valley ranch of Lon L. Harmon. Pleas of guilty were obtained, and the culprits sentenced to the terms which two of them yes terday left to begin serving. TRAGIC DEATH OF f IT SON OF F. L. CAMPBELL (From Friday's Daily) Baby Donald Campbell, 17-month- old son of Superintendent and Mrs. Fred Campbell, of the county hos pital in Miller valley, yesterday morning was drowned in a pipe-line cut-off box in the yard of his home, containing about eight inches of water. Playing in the yard of the Camp bell house on the hospital grounds, the child in attempting to recover a ball with which he had been amus ing himself and which had fallen in to the cut-off box, fell into the water, his head becoming wedged beneath the surface. With the little fellow were his brothers, Homer, aged four years, and LeRoy, aged two and a half. His playing with the ball led him off by himself, close to where the cut-off box, located near the house, and part of the water-supply system of the -place. Built flush with the ground and around a cut-off valve, it was about a foot square. It had been filled by the recent rains with about eight inches of water. The ball rolled into the box, and the child toddled after it. It was floating about at the bottom of the box, and he reached after it. He lost his balance, fell into the box and became wedged there, his face just under the water. The child had been missed Tor scarcely fifteen or twenty minutes by his parents. He had been in" his mother's arms but a short while be fore missing him, his parents search ed for him, and found him uncon scious in the cut-off box. All ef forts by Dr. C. E. Yount, who had been called immediately, to revive the child proved fruitless. EDS IS A MURDERERS DF E HIS RELEASE 01 STED AS IE OF 3 BOIBS AFTER HABEAS CORPUS Released yesterday morning on a writ of habeas corpus, following a hearing befre Judge E. E. Bollinger in the superior court, Charles Beftver, held since July 1 as a material wit ness in the alleged murder of Under sheriff Ed Bowers by Frank George, was again taken into custody shortly afterward, on a felony warrant charg ing him with the murder of Under sheriff Bowers. He will appear be fore Justice of the Peace C. H. Mc-"aware of Arizona statutes in regard Lane in the justice court for prelim inary hearing at 9 o'clock this monW ing. Sought Beaver's Release For the third time, Beaver's at torney, John E. Russell, appeared be fore the courts in habeas corpus pro ceedings to secure his client's release from custpdy was a witness. Beaver was being held under $10,000 bond, which he had been unable to furnish. That his client could not legally be detained as a witness, no preliminary examination of Frank George, al leged murderer of Undersheriff Bow ers, having been held, was maintain ed by Attorney Russell, following two previous attempts, in the super ior and justice courts, to secure Beaver's release. Russell's third peti tion was granted yesterday by Judge Bollinger. Murder is Charged c Upon leaving the court house with his belongings, following the hear ing before Judge' Bollinger, Beaver was enfronted with a warrant in the hands of Sheriff Warren Davis, sign ed by County Attorney John L. Sul livan and charging murder. Con siderable surprise was shown by both Beaver and his attorney, the latter characterizing the arrest as an out rage. Russell demanded an immed iate hearing for his client, and ar raignment was promptly held before Justice of the Peace McLane. Sharp words passed between Attorney Rus sell and County Attorney Sullivan. Arrest of Beavers on a warrant charging him with the murder of Undersheriff Bowers caused consid erable speculation among persons un- to accomplice and accessory. It was explained yesterday by County At torney Sullivan- that no law exists in Arizona similar to laws in other states, defining the nature of acces sory and accomplice, and providing punishment. According to existing Arizona laws, a person present at a crime, and suspected of complicity, must be arrested as aprincipal. This procedure was followed in the arrest of Beaver. County At torney Sullivan yesterday gave out that the state has some newly dis covered evidence in regard to Beav er's alleged presence at the house where Ed Bowers met his death on July 1. It is alleged by the state that Beaver was present at the house at the time of the shooting. "We have a witness," the county attorney said, "who claims to have seen Beaver not 15 feet, from the house, and running away, immediately after the filling." Beaver, during an earlier hearing seeking his release, claimed to have left the house prior to the shooting, and to have passed Ed Bowers and Police Inspector Crowe of Phoenix in an automobile, as they were going to the house. JAMES FILER HELD TO SUPERIOR COURT Negro Charged With a Statutory Offense is Held for Trial Under Bonds of $10,000 (From Friday's Daily) Appearing for preliminary exami nation before. Justice of the Peace Charles H. McLane in the justice court yesterday, James Fuller, col ored, was bound over to the super ior court under bonds of $10,000, which he was unable to furnish. He was arrested Wednesday afternoon on a warrant charging a statutory offense. That Fuller was the father of her child of three months was the testi mony given during the hearing by Nedze Chapman, 14 years, the com plaining witness in the case. The alleged crime is said to have occur red last year. LIOUDR CHARGE LEADS TO JAIL John Minor's Alleged Manufac turing Reopens Door to Jail He Left June 12 at End of Six-Month Term. MRS. THOMPSON AT C. OF C. TALIS Off (From Friday's Daily) Appearing before the chamber of commerce meeting last night, Mrs. L. C. Thompson, representing the Florence Crittenton home for delin quent women and girls of Arizona, outlined the activities and the bene fits which that institution contributed to the welfare of .the. state. Stating that 85 cases of delin quency had been reported to the in stitution during the past year, Mrs Thoippson brought out that the most effective result of their methods was keeping the mother and child to gether for a period of at least six months. This enabled the baby to grow strong, so that the mother could properly go again into the orld and maintain herself and properly care for the child, and that t was very rare that after being with and attending the infant for half a year that the mother would desert or part from her child. She informed the chamber of her activities in this city looking toward the establishment of an auxiliary or ganization here, .and asked for the sympathy of the membership of the chamber of commerce in the uplift HERE IS A MATTER OF TIME, REPORT (From Friday's Dally) Assurance that he will be in a position to take care of the estab lishment of a federal training center for disabled veterans in Prescott, as soon as final authorization for the center is received from Washington, was contained in a letter from Wal lace M. Fox, training officer, read at last night's meeting of the cham ber of commerce. Fox's communication stated that he has been called to San Francisco to serve at the office of the twelfth federal training district during' the sickness of a member of the staff. It is inferred from Fox's' letter that there is no doubt as to' final authorization for the establishment of the letter being received. It - is the feeling of the chamber of . com merce members that it is merely a matter of waiting for action from the central office at Washington. Meanwhile, housing conditions in Prescott will be looked into. A special committee for this purpose was appointed -at the meeting last night, consisting of C. E. Gentr3 chairman, George Nilsson, Frank Brown and Dr. H. T. Southworth. An attempt will be made to list places in the city where board and lodging may be secured by trainees at a nominal figure. (From Fridays Daily) An alleged insistence upon the privilege of concocting the drink that cheers and likewise inebriates, yes terday landed John Minor in the county jail for a second time on a charge of manufacturing alcoholic liquor. Minor, a still, and between 40 and 50 gallons of mash were brought over to Prescott from Mayer yesterday by Deputy Sheriffs Grant Carter and Tommy Thompson. Minor previously served a sentence of six months in. the county jail,, fol lowing conviction on a similar charge before Judge William Saw telle in the federal district court here. He was released June 12. Date of arraignment upon yesterday's charge has not yet been set. GENERAL WAS SPEEDING (Associated Press) EL PASO, July 21. General J. G. Escobar, commander of Chihuahua, M'exico, state troops, was arrested for speeding here the other day. "I am a stranger to your regula tions of speed. I thought I was within a reasonable Speed," the gen eral explained. The arresting officer said there was a chance he was mistaken. Jus tice Wright Clark informed the gen eral of the local laws and dismissed the case. HEAVY WEEVIL CROP WASHINGTON, D. C, July 21. Reports from practically all portions of the cotton belt indicate there is an unusually severe boll weevil infesta tion this year in nearly all sections of the south, according to the der partment of agriculture. The ' in festation this year is the' .heaviest experienced in seven years except 191$. . THE NEW MOTHER The mother: Shame on you, Doris, for being so selfish! You know I'll be careful of your frock; besides don't forget the times you've worn work which her organization wasmy silk stockings. Cartoons Maga doing. zine. GERMAN PEACE WASHINGTON, July 19. Diplo matic conversations relative to a treaty with Germany to follow up the recently adopted peace resolu tion are understood to be in prog ress at Berlin between Loring Dresel, head of the American com mission there, and the German for eign office. AMERICAN-GERMAN TRADE BERLIN, July 20. The first mil lion dollar American cotton credit has just been negotiated between the American Products and Import cor poration of Charleston, S. C, and the Darmstadter bank of Berlin, the latter guaranteeing repayment, which is based on three six months credits oti the dollar basis.