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pnnv METAL MARKETS Bar silver: Foreign . 64c Domestic Copper Steady. Electrolytic spot 13J4 fo He PIONEER PAPER OF ARIZONA Nations WORKING CAPITAL IS GREAT NEED OF INDUSTRY; ALLIED INDUSTRY NORMALCY PLEDGE . . t - ... . . . & lAssociaiea .rress jigiii wire; WASHINGTON, D. C, "Jan. 23. Immediate relief must be given farmers in the present agricultural crisis, delegates to the National Agri cultural conference which convened today, were told by speakers. Presi dent Harding, who opened the cpn ference, Secretary Wallace, farmers and representatives of industries de pendent on agriculture emphasized the seriousness of the situation and suggested remedies. Remedial measures outlined by the president and subsequently endorsed by many speakers included more financial facilities, especially working capital for the farmer on long time loans to provide for his turnover; ex tension of cooperative marketing, buy ing and loan associations of farmers; development of waterways transporta tion and possibilities; more efficient machirery for collecting and dis tributing market information includ ing the demand and consumptive outlook; development of the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes water' project and assurance to agriculture jofegual-, ity of opportunity to all other in dustries. DEMAND REDUCTION IN FREIGHT RATES' Demand for reduction of freight rates was Voiced generally by the farmers and a reduction in retail prices also was suggested as a neces sary step to start increased con sumption of farm products. Depression in agriculture which was declared to be general in the United States by speakers from five leading farm regions and is reflect ed in industries intimately connected with and dependence on a prosper ous agriculture, it was asserted by representatives of milling, packing, fertilizer and implement industries. Each of the latter pledged full nor mal conditions. , Secretary Wallace outlined the pur pose of the conference after Presi dent Harding had delivered his ad dress and Representative Anderson of Minneapolis was made permanent chairman . while 12 major committees were appointed -to study problems with a view of submitting recommen dations. The delegates and their families tonight were guests of President and Mrs. Harding at a reception. W. J. Bryan late in the afternoon described the conference as one of the most important held in this coun try in a long time. Agriculture, he said, was in the worst condition in 30 years and he could not see how there could be any 'general prosperity until the condition of the farmer was bettered. DUEL WITH A CROOK (Associated Press Night Wire) PUEBLO, Colo., Jan. 23. Police Officers O'Connor and Porter and an unidentified hold-up man were shot and seriously wounded in a gun battle under the Main street viaduct here tonight. The three were taken to a hos pital. Physicians have not yet de termined the seriousness of their in juries. PENNY LOAF, BAKERS' WAR (Associated Press Night "Wire) GREAT FALLS, Mont, Jan. 23. As a result of a continuation of the price war between local baker ies, bread was selling at most re tail stores here today for 1 cent for a 16-ounce loaf. Prescott Prosperity Shown to Hang on A 2-WAY INDICATOR (Associated Press) WASHINGTON, D. C, J:m. 23. Development of a thorough code of law and business procedure, with the proper machinery of finance, fo as sure the farmer; as generous a supply o: woHdng capital on as reasonable terms as is grained omer industries, i was advocated here today by Prcsi dent Harding in opening the national agricultural conference. "An industry," he said, "more vital than any other, in which nearby half the nation's 'wealth is invested can be relied on for good security and certain returns." Declaring that on the matter of what may be. called fixed 'investment capital, the disadvantage of the I farmer so impressed public opinion that the federal farm loan board was established to meet the need, the president said that the farmer still needed some provision for supplying him with working capital. ,i "Compared with other, industries," he continued, "the wonder is that agriculture, thus deprived of easy access to both investment and accom modation capital has prospered even so well." Lines on which financial .support of agriculture may be organized, he said, are suggested in the plan of the federal farm loan board and in these rural finance societies which have been so effective in some Euro pean countries. ''The co-operative loaning associa tions of Europe have been effective incentives to united action by farm ers," he continued, "and have led them directly into co-operation in both production and marketing which have contributed greatly to the sta bilization and prosperity of agricul ture." Whether these organizations are considered as means to buying the farmers' requirements in a cheaper market, he asserted, or to selling his products in a more remunerative one "the conclusion in all cases is the same; it is that the farmer is as good a business man as any other it lie has the chance." The manufacturer, be said, whose turnover is rapid, finds he can' bor row money from the bank on short time notes when he needs working capital and his money will come back to him , in time to meet his short term obligation. On the other hand, the fanner's turnover is a long one, from a year in most crops to some times three years in the cattle in dustry. "Yet the farmer is compelled," he declared, "if he borrows his working capital to borrow for short periods, to renew his notes several times be fore his turnover is possible and to take the chance that if he is called upon .untimely to pay off his notes, he may be compelled to sacrifice growing crops or unfinished live stock. Obviously, the farmer needs to have provisions, adapted to his re quirements, for extension of credit to produce his working capital." The president said that "concern ing the grim reality of the present crisis in agriculture there can be no differences of opinion among inform ed people." "The depressions and discourage- (Continued on page four) Will Be "Out w Journal- Miner PRESCOTT, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MESS VET GETS J (Associated Press Night Wire) ROCHESTER, N. Y., Jan. 23. By special order of President Harding, setting aside rules of the United States civil service commis sion, Paul Bazar of this city, whose hands were blown off at an of ficers training camp in France after the armistice, has been ap pointed a .clerk in the' Rochester office of the veterans' bureau. Bazar, who has been given busi ness training under the rehabilita tion division of the bureau, was denied an appointment at the bu reau because of his disability. The case then was referred "to the presi dent, who ordered the rules set aside and Bazar assumed his duties i' today. . . (Associated Press Night Wire) PHOENIX. Jan. 23. Adoption of text-books by the state board of edu cation was deferred until Wednesday, no selection having bcen-made at a meeting today when, bids . were opened. . After the-meeting the board made public a statement . asserting that.it felt that an expenditure 'of ( from $8, COO.to $10,00Q on an obsolete book is indefensible, especially in the case of j the geography. I " Anew geography may be secured at a cost rut little in excess of the cost of continuing the present. book," said the statement in part. FOR KILLING BOOZE (Associated Press Night Wliei DOUGLAS, Ariz.. Jan. 23. O. E. Osborne, alleged bootlegger, was shot, and instantly killed by William. Ben nett, deputy sheriff, at the latter's garage in Benson. Sunday afternoon following an altercation of the disap- j pearance of several cases of liquor from Osborne's automobile. A coroner's jury today exonerated the deputy. LIVESTOCK BOARD MEETING (Associated Press Night Wire) PHOENIX, Jan. 23. A meeting of the livestock sanitary board will be held in Globe February 23, 24 and 25, it was announced today by Ed Stephens, secretary to the board. DUT OF DUE TEXT BOOKS TO I DISCARDED7 BURIAL OF POPE BENEDICT TENTATIVELY SET (Associated Press Night Wire) I ROME, Jan." 23. The interment of I Benedict XV has been tentatively i fixed for Wednesday afternoon. The i body will lie in state in the basilica of St. Peters only a day and a half more, according to these plans. Final decision will be taken Wed nesday morning but the present view of the vatican is that it will be im possible to keep the body exposed of the Mud" Soon. Boost for EERLY ULSTEMjTO S (Associated tress Night Wire) LONDON, Jan. 23. Announce ment was made tonight 'that substan tial progress had been made today on arrangements for r the establishment of the new Irish free state! Utmost signilicance is. attached in official circles to the fact that be fore the state has come fully into be in, Sir James Craig, Ulster leader. and Michael Collins' have reached an agreement which is- considered to be fraught with good possibilities for Ireland's future. . II T0CURE1ER PUNS (Associated Press -Night Wire) MADISON, Indir Jan. 23r-William Roache,. 51, farmer, was arrested to day charged with failure.to provide food for his wife who, under his direction, is said by officials to have fasted -51 days in an attempt to cure rheumatism and stomach trouble. The woman was found in a serious condition and partly blind. Her only sustenance during thfifast was water and lcmbil juice. Her-loss -of weight was 2S pounds. OF COPS WHO WON'T TAKE PAY REDUCTION (Associated Press Night Wire) YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, Jan. 23. Mayor George Olcs today announced the suspension of Chief of Police Watkins, . who he said, had" been given until noon to resign with the alternative of suspension. Meanwhile Oles' appeal to the po lice to take a 10 per cent salary re duction apparently has fallen on deaf cars. None of the1 blanks issued to the policemen for signatures had been returned today. CALL SPECIAL SESSION OF LEGISLATURE SOON (Associated Press Nisht Wire) NOGALES, Ariz., Jan. 23. Gov ernor Campbell addressing the dele gates to the Arizona Good Roads as sociation convention at a banquet here tonight announced that within a few days he will issue a call for a special session of the legislature. "In a few days from now, it will be my enforced duty to call a special session of die legislature," he said. beyond Wednesday afternoon. The statement also was made tonight but t officially, tljat the coffin would !be closed, within a few hours and that thus the usual ceremony of worshipers filing past, kissing the un covered foot of the dead pope would be eliminated. Removal of the body from the throne room to - the basilica today was the. occasion ef ' an imposing ceremony. I IN into? nsiM JANUARY 25, 192i BONUS Remedying Farm Depression El It) MIS, SAYS GOV. CAMPBELL (Associated Press Night Wire) NOGALES, Ariz., Jan. 23. Ari zona's good roads convention got under way today, attended by more than 250 delegates from all parts' of the state except Mohave, Graham and Greenlee counties. Governor Campbell delivered an address in which he declared that "next to education comes good roads." "A good road in any section of the state is a boost for Arizona," said the governor. WHEN ORDERLY (Associated Press "Niiifit Wire) WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. '23. sweeping; 'disclaimer. of any design against the' territorial integrity, of Kussia coupled with a pledge to. withdraw the Japanese troops sta tioned in Siberia' when-orderly con ditions are restored was presented to the arms conference far eastern com mittee today by .the Japanese delega tion and was received .with, a general show of satisfaction by the other principal delegates .. Formal discussion .of the policy was postponed until' tomorrow but fliere was no indication tonight that any of the big "five delegations"would oppose acceptance 'of the declaration at fts fice. value , or seriously dispute the platjjfpf-' continuing for the pres ent Japanese occupation of Siberian soil. Tfap general view was that the whole Siberian problem, touched on today for the first time, soon. would be disposed of on the basis of the Japanese pledges. , E - m HEIIO ' i (Associated Press Night Wire) SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 23. Fingerprints alleged to have been made on the door of Roscoe- Ar bucklc's room in the hotel St. Fran cis "could have been forged under some circumstances,, E. O. iHein rich, fingerprint expert, testified to day in the second trial of a man slaughter charge against Arbuckle in connection with Miss Virginia Rappe's death. "I determined as best I could by experiments that these particular fingerprints were not forged, how ever, rieinnch said. The prosecution charges that the prints indicated that Miss Rappe at tempted to escape from the room on the occasion that she was supposed to have been fatally injured by Ar buckle and that he forcibly detained her. GREAT U. S. AUCTION (Associated Press Nlctit Wire) WASHINGTON. D. C, Jan. 23. Surplus property of the war depart ment approximating $20,000,000 worth of materials will be sold at auctions in different sections of the country during February, it was announced today. PIT SIBERIA 1 Fit IN FINGERPRINTS Pavin mm in house FORCE BONUS MOVE! TREASURY DATA IS (DEMOCRATS ME IT -OPPOSED TO MONEY HOT FOR M'CDIER'S . GRANT THIS TIME (Associated Press Night Wire) WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 23. jCall for a caucus Thursday night ofjfhc fight over the allied debt . the icptiblican members of the house 'funding bill broke today in thj; sen on the soldier bonus was issued to- ate with Senator .McCuniber, repiib'lw day. Immediate action on an adjust ed compensation bill has been de manded by a group of members who were in the military service during the war. At the conference they plan to of fer a resolution instructing the ways and means committee to proceed at once to the drafting of a bonus meas ure. ' The resolutions also provide that When -reported fo the house the measure is to be the continuing busi ness until passed. House leadeVs said no effort would be made' to instruct the ways .and means committee as to how it should provide for .raising the bonus reve nue.. That, will be determined by the committee,- it yas; said.- . . ' ' Data - on possible, new methods-of taxation to raise bonus funds had been, prepared. ,liy tlfe treasury ;depart- ment;-it was said, for the information ot congress,. Treasury officials said, however, that the department would await re quests .for such ' information before transmitting it to congress; It was also said the" treasury's position on the advisability of a bonus was un changed, enactment of compensation laws under existing conditions being viewedAvith disfavor. Allied Debt No Good In the' event a. bonus bill is enact ed, treasury officials said, some tax would have to be provided. Use of the allied debt as the basis for bonus financing was; said to be regarded as impracticable. In the opinion of the treasury it would costvmore to take the money for the bonus from the sale of bonds based on the allied debt than it would to float the country's own bonds. For instance, it was explained, should bonds representing Great Britain for approximately $5,000,000 be issued as a part of a bonus pay ment plan, they would have to be sold at a discount by this govern ment because they would be subject to the variops forms of taxation. At the same time it was added, the government would have to guarantee the foreign bonds, the sale of which would be taking money out of the investment market which f otherwise might go toward American securi ties. Data compiled by the treasury was understood to cover various fields of possible taxation without. however, considering a sales tax as a practical solution of the problem. Bank Checks 2c The treasury, it was added, consid ers it advisahlc and has suggested a tax of two ceuts on all bank checks, which it is estimated would produce $50,000,000 a year while further reve nue might be obtained by increasing taxes op negotiable instruments. Gasoline 3c According to treasury estimates a&out $80,000,000 a year could be ob tained from a three cents a gallon tax en gasoline. PostageUc Increased postage through .use of a three-cent stamp, it was thought ARIZONA WEATHER (Furnished by the U. S. Wcatlier Bureau and the ssociated Press.) Tuesday and Wednesday Fair; not much change in temperature. Prescott Temperatures, Jan. 23 8a.m... 8 12m. .32 S p.m. -.34 FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR OFFER OF REFUNDING (Associated Press Night Wire) WASHINGTON, D. C. Jan. 23 piib'lirt can, of North Dakota, in -charge! of the measure, "pleading that- the United States "not play the role of Sbylock in" dealing with its allies" and that the democrats' cease opposing the proposed grant of authority to the debt commission to fix the time when interest payments shall begin. The firs't day's consideration of the measure saw only the completion of the opening statement by Senator McCumber as- chairman of' the finance committee who was subjected to a rapid cross-fire from the" minor ity. Discussion 'included use of pro ceeds from the refunded Jjonds 'to pay "the soldier bonus, the' ability "of the debtor nations to begin . paying tlicir interest and the plans of the administration for the sale of sortie of the refunded obligations in- the United' States. Pleading for broad "authority for the commission -in con ducting the refunding negotiations. Senator McCumber said' he. could conceive of a situation where .,it might- be desirable to agree with a debtor nation to fix the interest rate high enough to cover during the life of the bonds the accumulated inter est. Such a plan was opposed by Senators Simmons and Lenroot, re publicans, of Wisconsin. Delay for Bonus Senator McCumber gave it as his opinion that nqne of the proceeds from, the refunded foreign debt would be available for the bonus un til one year from July 1, the date on which republican leaders have said the bonus would be made effective. He thought congress should provide some form of special taxation to cover bonus payments for the year and then authorize the sale of enough of the bonds to take care of" succeed ing yearly bonus expenses if the in terests from the foreign debt should not prove sufficient. His '. estimale was that for the first 'year the bonus would cost' $300,000,000. Pointing out that the secretary of the treasury under the demand notes now held by the United States had authority to collect the interest. Sena tor Hitchcock, democrat, of Nebraska suggested that there was no-- immed iate need for the proposed legislation. Senator McCumber contended. however, that the demand notes should be refuded with interest rates and other questions settled so as to helfv stabilize economic conditions overseas. would produce about $70,000,000 a year. On the basis of the pending Mc Cumber bill the treasury estimated it would be ncceesary to provide ap proximately $800,000,000 . for the bonus in the first two years. COTTON MARKET (Associated Press Night Wire) NEW YORK, Jan. 23. Cotton closed steady at a net declkie of 27 to 37 points, at $17.75.