Newspaper Page Text
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ARIZOLA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, JUNE 15, 1893.
its srrnnioKiTV to iimtmiknc'i: on
iiternKxirrltiicu( 'roe Wtr Vlubl
When l iidt-r I'unlrul.
A iriiniiu'i;t weekly ptiblicat ion f
San Francisco, in a lengthy editorial
upon irrigation, makes this assertion
as its test: "ArtiiJcial Irrigation,
however obtained, whether from arte
sian wells or oanaU for tin- distribu
tion of w.iHT over the. lauds, is never
so profitable as that which conies from
nat oral raintaU,
U is difficult to understand how any
one who reads t lie current literature
of the day. or who has followed the
wonderful development of California
dining the last twenty years, could
make an assertion of this kind in the
face of all the easily accessi! e facts
to prove its crroncousiiess. The sim
ple fiet that tlo irrigator is inde
pendent of the 'rainfall ami can pro
duce crops year after year with im
failure, whieli will 1m- granted by
every !' con ver-ant with the facts,
ought lob-- enough to turn the scale
in favir of Srriirat ion.
It i vv r tru- that if ma! t ers ivuM
be so :.rr.ii:i' d licit then1 might ho
abundant rainfall everywhere at the
projH r vii'-oii. ii'i'. her t. f . much n'-r
too little, then tlc-rc would tut be so
treat a p:oet in artificial irrigation
as in a eudence on clouds. I:ut no
such happy localities have jet hern
found in the world. On the oilier
hand, no fanner need 1- told of the
grievous loses that have lieen sus
tained because of the failure of need
ed rain am! the absence of ;my other
means for supply inn the moist are.
without which plant growth of any
Kind must suffer.
To prove the erroneous nature of
Hie statement quoted, one neds only
look at the remarkable success which
lias attended the. experiments made
in western Nov York by A. A. Col'.
the originator of a i iliar system of
underground irrigation. In that case
a few acres of formerly barren hillside
have lieen made, simply by irrigation,
to yield returns so far superior :o any
thing heretofore securul in the lu-.i
soil in the most favorable loci tions.
yet where the natural rainfall vas- de
pended upon solely for m ilsiure. that
many have refused to believe the ac
counts nut il convinced by actual demon-it
ration. A single acre of Kind,
irrigated by Mr. Cole's sysum. wi!!
yield a much ; t"ii acres nor. so
treated. The value of irrigation is
becoming more ami more appreciated
every year, and the pract Ice is spread
ing in sections where, for centuries,
the rainfall was the only dependence.
How, then, can any intelligent, well
posted man say that artilicial irriga
tion can never he so prolit&ble as
depi'iidcncr solely upon rainfall?
When the arid region of the United
State: Is considered, the. wonder be
comes si til greater that eueh a propo.
Mtbn could bo stated in all serious
nosA. At lea U a third of the cnV.ro
country Is Include:! within the limits
of what, has been dcsig.iatcd as the
arid region. Within Thai region the
avcrngo s;nnual rainfall U rather los
thau t wen' y Inchc Cat jfal ob -erva-Men
f-hows that while souc crop? rr.ar
b-9 tint are I vrltU so limited a nitifaU
as t'43t naif J, still, m a rracMl
pTjprilticn. it m.vy b; la;.1 drr.i that
uniformly snecessful fanning cannot
be carried on one year with another
under such conditions. Hence it be
comes necessary to resort to an artili
cial supply of moisture. With that
supply the fanner becomes at once
hdependent of the rainfall, and can
depend upon the production of good
crops year -after year, with the cer
tainty of not encountering any failure,
at least, f: uu the tack o1 the necessary
amount of moisture, and at the seme
time the farmer finds that a much
smaller amount of land need he culti
vated with irrigation in order to
produce certain results than in the
case where, the rainfall Js the sole
Coining close home, the question at
once suggests itself irresist ibiy. where
would the raisin vinoya-ds. theorang?
orchards, the alfalfa fields 01' Cali
fornia be today, were it not r-r irriga
tion? The answer is lurply that
they v. cull neer have sprung into
existence at all. Where, too. is there
any uuirrigated land, that yields Mich
large returns as those vineyards, or
chards and alfaifa fields'.-' Where is
there any great extent of unirrigated
land, live, ten or twenty acres of
v. hid) wiil support a family in com
fort us. wiil such tr-el in an irrigat. .d
( i; n .-' It is a well-known fad ihat
ortaia parts f ibis state bav one of
their claims for superiority upon the
a sertiou that, "in iiat n.n i 'mi
needed." Yet. at the .same time those
very dist riet.'. are iiow i-nv'aRed in the
work of ortfanizbiij indention schemes
under the state law. They have
s.-.-n the benefit to be derived from a
comprehensive system of irrijation
and iire anxious lo participate therein.
The very fact that the rainfall, here
is liirht and that irrigation must be
resorted to. is one of the most, valu
able factors in the progress of the
state. Were there ari abundadt rain
fail, so that artificial moist tire was
not needed, how would t he millions of
tons of raisins and other fruits be
prepared for market? llveryone
knows that this could not be properly
or economically done by artificial
luat. A lonjr dry season is an
essential for these industries, and
such a seas n must be accompanied
Suppose the Kastern farmer was
told that he could make himself inde
pendent, of the rainfall and be assured
of producing uniform crops year after
year. Would he not hail such a prep
osition with pleasure? Would he not
consider it of ie.fl'iiie value? Yd
this is exactly what iTia-'ion does.
V, ho then can say that- artilicial irri
izati! n c;.n never he as valuable as
the prevn'i uncertain rainfall, with
all its attendant loss, as much from
over-abundance as from undue
Prof Aloi, the famous electrician,
has been eivja jed fjr some time in
conduct in,; some curious export men;
with vizard to the intlr.cnce cf elec
tricity upon plant growth. These
trial tests prove thr.t corn, wheat,
tobacco. l-ear.A in fact, everything
,:;u which eArrimcnts were made
were hih'y le:;erllc:l by the iullueiiee
cf the oieeMle current.
j Yrc yoiitoelf Hue. w l-.cro ethers are
' I'r.-.o, and plain where ethers arc plaid:
Iju; tako cave cJvvay:-U:at you; clctV.e
' r.p well a.4c a:;j f.t yc-.:; Qiicy-vuc
thrv '.vX s'.vc v'om r.n ;r; V;r. srd r.ir.
Trom 1 lie Anl- s Ttu.es
A correspondent of the Medical
Times has tiie following regarding a
more liberal use of butter.
'c dietetic reform would, I believe
be more conducive to improved health
among children and especially to the
pieveritiou of tuberculosis. tl;;-.n an
iucreage in tho .';i..umption of butter,
'.nir children are trained to tak..'
butter with ;:iat restraint and are
told that it is greedy and extravagant
to eat much of it. It is rerdod as a
luxury, and a.s giving a relish to bread
rather than in itself a most impor
tant article of food. Kveii to private
families of the wealthier classes these,
rule prevail table, and at school?
and :;t public boarding establishments
they receive strong reinforcements
from economical motives. Minute
allowances (i butter are served out to
those who would gladly consume live
times the quantity. Where the home
income makes this a matter of neces
sity, there is liitl more to be said
than that it is often a costly economy,
llnfeebled health may easily entail a
far heavier expense than a more lib
eral breakfast, would have done.
Cod-liver oil costs more than butter,
rii 1 it is besides often i I r orti d to
until too late. Instead of restrict
ing a cliild'sconsumpi ion of butter, I
would encourage it. Let the limit be
the power of digest inn and the tend
ency to biliousness. Most children
reav be allowed to follow their own
inclinations, and will not take more
than is good for them. The butter
should l e of the lM-st and taken cold.
I '.read, dry toast, biscuits, pot a toe.,
and rice ;ae ;:ood vehicles. Children
will supplied with butter feel the
cold less than others, and resist the
Everything thr.t is
much more could he
olive oil. Vegetable
digest than animal
said here and
said in favor of
oil is easier to
oil. and the
danger arising from a
tion of the cow. is
ancient races used olive il f.ir inter
ior consumption, and butter for
Inunction after a bath, thus reversing
m;i-.s AMI IIOKKV.
Vr.iin t'.ie Arizona Sun-.
The following facts are of interest
and will apply generally to Southern
Hives in Ariz man -e made from
wood boxes or other lumber of the
fallowing dimensions J v inches Joie;
by 11! im lies w ide. ! inches deep.
The frames are 171 inches long by 1
inch wide ami I'j inchc deep; ien
frames te the hive.
A colony or hive of bees is not less
than i!".ino nor more than .V..ov..
The hor.ey malic.;: -uon is in May
and June, if the flowers serve.
The principal forage f. r 1 in
Arizona is mesqutte and alfalfa.
The production per colony cf a
good season ouht to be abcut 100
pcnruV-. per hive run: worth live cents
per ptiuufl end eaeP l:ive -.'e add yield
oik- p.'U'.nd of v;e; orl'; : v..-nt.,- uVe
to thirty-cent- p.'"' l'v!""d.
Tho longevity cf rt coleny dercrid.
on tliolifj pt lli q.vj.u Wliri he
dies tho colouy l-ecrui; ; cxtiuct ur.'c:.
t they -.zx i unctV-r ee.-n.
Xlwccat-H-". js le.'li'.uod c3 the
: win,: 'by tlj? r.--,:. ar..! lay- 2,V" to
.'l.uoo eggs in twenty-fuur hurs w hich
liatch in three weeks.
The drones are killed as soon as the
honey harvest is completed, so they
do riot consume what they have not
helped to procure.
The only natural diseases of bees in
Arizona are foul brood and paralysis.
Their natural enemies nre bee moths,
mart ins and .-kutius.
Jiees are i:o; known to i-ijure or
chards i.r d. .-tie, y fruit, but on the.
contrary are a protection against the
enemies of orchards.
I'n loss forced by necessity, bees will
not go m ire than two or three miles
foraging, but will swarm for want of
.They are guided to fid low rather by
scent than by sight.
Water should Ik within a conven
ient distance, not mere limn ."h,u
The temperature of Arizona proves
extremely fc.vorable to the prosperity
The business is perioral!;: conducted
on the shares, on the cw-epeiative
A colony cannot bo bivecj in place
for much less t han f.".
One man can care for l-V.) to 200 colonies.
Ollv.-s t. Wliru.:.
The California State Hoard of Trade
has this season published an interest
in; paper from the pen of General N.
1'. Chipman of Red U!u!T, which eon
tains some very pointed statist ics con
cerning alleged danger of over produc
tion of fruit in the semi-tropic region,
among which is the statement that
Italy annually exports TK.WO.uu gal
Ions ( -f olive oil at a market, value of
12e,00(i,ooo greater than the entire
wheat crop of the United States.
According to H1!wokI (.oper the
average product ru .f trees about
seven years old is from two to three
gallons of olive oil. On t hat basis the
assertion Is not extravagrut that- in
Southern Arizona 200,nao acres planted
in olive trees will produce as much oil
as Italy now exports, .' iving our piv
plc an industry of a great value as the
wheat crop is to the country, beyond
the oil production tho olive itself has
a special value as a fond product, and
is rapidly growing in favor for that
use. In Mediterranean countries it is
a staple article of diet, largely used in
lieu of meats, and the time is not far
distant when it wiil ho found on every
table in America. Tho consumption
In that -.iso wiil rbioib the l nchiot ii.n
I thousands of i.c.vs. ai.u the owner
of a Southern Ari.ona olive grove will
find hi'.ii,-l" tho lic-ky r.cssc-s or f f a
constantly yielding mine of wealth.
In - the arid region (f America
there were l-M.OCO farms enumerated,
i during tho census year lv). Of the.
nuniher re cried. ccntalr.ed
lands upon which crops were grown
by irrigation. Tina give; 42.13 per
: cert, of cvdtivr.teil area of the west
new nnCer artilicial irrijaticn from
canalr-, ditdics, arlc-ian wells and
other ir.e.:r.s cf irrigit'en svpiiie.-.
The entire area" of hr.d. Irrigated Is
rerened at St:-I.41G cere:., or 20.42 per
.cat of tho total area of Z2.Zi farm,
uiilnjr irri$.tt-U. In fctirao fo:.:t. Th
e.umteref feres r.r.fier cult iv:;t ion Is
; o.f 6 i-cr ccat. cf the. cat Ire ccrccg-3
j eav4Kj;r.:cd, a ad tbjut trt slf cf
Ipcirci.RVfihor-.tal arm of rho arifl