Newspaper Page Text
A R I ZOLA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1893. No. 14. AN i:.l'KKniKT IN HOKSI.M.r.sll. lint hii Old nc, In 1,1, h i hoodore Wliilvrn 'OtD'crnlril. A reporter for the New York Sun. at. Mngdahna. X. M. sends his paper tin' following interesting article on (in experiment to bo tried in t In Mognllon m' tj iitnins of s d o county. Mr Eugene Pearson, of Ihookl.yi), lias arrived hero, bringing eleven thoroughbred ceils with which ho proposes to t ry an interest ing experi ment. Mr. Pearson has bought a ranch at the Junction of the San Francisco ami Negrita crci ks. Plb miles west of her-. The ranche in cludes .T.M ncresof patented land, "ly ing in a pocki t in the valley" as Mr. lYarin puis it. Except for t he wa- iiiuch,' said I, and th.cn happened to think of some! hing. " 'How far do you want him to go-' isa 1. " "Only a quarter.' And how soon do you want lilnt to step ir " "In s-cond".' he said. In L'.'i Ioyou know what you are talking about." "I guess I lo. We have plenty that step a qwai ler in 21. and sonic in That set me thinking. If these short bred ponies art." - j n:i I to J.'! what, could not a I borough bred do in these all it nde. I determined to lind out. what, it could do. "'At the Haggiu sale, recently I bought -ix yearlings, and I have pur- AI.IALIA IX KOI' 1COTATION. In treat lug of the rotation of crops the Kansas Farmer gives its readers some very good advice in the follow ing article: Mot fanners look iinii their alfalfa fields as little less than permanent hi st itut ions, to be past art d or mowed as long as the return is profitable, and after that point is pased. possibly plowed up and planted to -nine other crop, t he select ion of which is in no way inlliienced by its lit m to follow alfalfa. In pursuit of this policy a great deal of t he possible proiit in the cult i vat ion of alfalfa is ot . No ot her crop, with the jtossible exception of red clover, is as valuable a fert ili;:-r nf land as alfalfa. In common with all tcr of tie-st reiitns and t lie irrigating ! eha-ed tivc ot hers. One of the fillies I leguminous plants, it has the power elTectsof the rains that are hoped for ; is related to Sal vat or. and t hey are all j "f extracting nitrogen from the air luring July ami August. Use ranrdie jsjof good stock. I have a place for a ! and storing it in the soil, for the Iten- u small part of the great de-ert that desert fhiit stretches away from the Kio fiiiinde to the Colorado iher. It Is not alone a d--crt of dust, and sand, track not over a half mile. I guess but it 'll be a good one. and I mean 1o give t he colts 1 he best possible care." oiue 01 tlie local hor-cmou were i but It is a regular desert of lava bed' desert w hich lies ne;i! y c.iiiKi feet above J develop phenomenal racers. Two were t he level of the sea. It is a lofty table j of cent rarv opinion. ( )ne said: "There is plenty of horses in Colo- land surrounded by mountains. How ever there js grass a-penty wherever there is water. Fntil it came into the hands of Mr. IVarson the ranche was known as Dil lon's, and it was the propel ty of Ed billon, a typical New Mexican cow loy On this plot of ground,, with the aid of I tilloii and such other cowUiys as can be found there, Mr. Pearson will build ample stables and corrals for his colts, and a good half-mile track as well, for wni king them, and will then settle down to develop a futurity winner for the year ls'H. He is confi dent, in the (irst place, that working the colts iu that alt it tide will develop extraordinary lung ovvcr. AVhcrc the air is as light, as it is li.iNin feet above the sea, a greater amount must be inhaled t o do t he work of t he lungs the lungs must be expanded further, itiid at the same time worked more rapidly t ban in a sea level altitude. Then the colts will have a rocky road ts t ravil on the range, and they will have to travel it a good deal when "rustling for feed", especially if the present, prolonged drouth continues. Mr. Pearson thinks this traveling will toughen and improve the feet, as well as t lie muscles of loconiot ion. I n short, Mr. Pearson hopes that the "Warm spring'' ranch of New Mexico, as In' calls his place, will do some thing even bet I er for hor-ellesli than the Palo Alto ranch did for it iu Cali fornia. When talked to on the subject, by a Sun reporter. Mr. Pearson said: "The way I came in get the notion of bringing colts to New Mexico was about as follows: I was out here, last winter, looking over tin; count v. . and happened to see a scrub race among t he cow boy.-. It was a good race, and it rado good horses too,- where the al titude is as high, and even higher, than this. I have never known one to be extraordinary, however."' The ot her one said t hat he 1 bought that once the colts were acclimated to t he high and dry air of New Mex ico, they would be enervated by a return to the Atlantic exist, and so would not be able to do anything" Mr. Pearson replied to this, that he hoped to develop big lungs anil big muscles, just as big lungs and big muscles as were developed en the covv-lMiys-M)iiie.s if he did that, he would tiike chances of being able to re-accli- inatc the annuals on the Atlantic coast. Mr. Pearson's cxpei ini 'iit is not new in regard to breeding in high alt it tides. Theodore Winters made the same ex periment when he transferred his breeding farm from the Sacramento Valley to the Washoe Valley in Ne vada. From the latter place he sent to the racing stable Fl Rio Pcy. Ion Juan, King Norfolk and several more equine stars. Hut w hile depending on the light air to develop their lung power, Mr. "Winters fed his colts lil erally, and did not stunt, their capaci ties iu other directions by making them "rustle the range" for a living. There is the point where Mr. Pearson's experiment will likely fail. His range bred thoroughbreds will probably re duce the time of the quarter horse, but it is doubtful whether longdis tance racers can be made in the way contemplated by Mr. Pearson. Tin: O.wsl w jri.h seeing. Pt t Ivy were f r blood. W !:e.) r, vv.ls I'V t !i- ...vs bis name is Lee ')!'.i,:;;i i:ors.' inai would !e e snub stock out of siirhi". and Ibi'on told him 1 could get him auyl hing he wanted. So he came t o me i I old him I could do it . " 'How much will ii cost-- he said. " "Ah ml or i.t'u,' I .aid. -I wouldn't mind -:J ,r.' be . aid. " Jt i-n t necessary to pay elit of future generations of plant growth, and it has also the advantage, peculiar to itself.of penetrat ing tothe deeper layers of the soil and bringing ad land region, a j quest iomd on the subject. Most of up from the depths cleiucntsof fertil Moieover it. is a I them thouirht the exDeriment. would Ity which are out of reach of most plants. Where alfalfa is allowed to. succeed itself, year after year, a large propor tion of the benefit which might be derived from its power to enrich t he soil is lost. Alfalfa, itself has little use for the at mosphcric nit rogcii which it stores in t lie soil, or for t he surplus of a-h elements which it draws from the sub-soil, for it can gather more from t he same sources when they are needed. I'lih-ssjiltalfa is soon followed by t he crop which need and can make use of the fertility which it has ren dered available, this fertility is iu a ureal measure wasted. The only met hod of growing alfaifa so that the most benefit may be de rived from it is to make it. part of a rotation, just as red clover is used where it is a possible crop. A non-le-guminoiis crop, following a few sea son's growth of alfalfa, will make use of the fert i lit y gat heied. tothe marked profit of the proprietor. In Colorado, .where alfalfa is very extensively grown, it is the common practice to grow it in rotation with other crops. There few alfalfa fields stand more than four or live years, and it may be observed that as a usual thing, tin farmers who do grow alfalfa on the same land without any breaks, arc of the same general class as the Kansas farmers who crop their hind to wheat successively for ten or a dozen years. Colorado fanners are firmly convinced, by long experience and re peated trials, that it pays much better to break up tbeallalfa fields, every few years, than it does to allow them to stand. One of I lie most extensive and successful alfalfa growers of Arapahoe county was recently asked: "Can you "afford to plow up your alfalfa fields after getting the crops id" but two "seasons from them lMes not the "heavy expense of seeding, involving "aliuost tin; total loss of tbr u.-c of the ! "Sai-d for a year, m.'ke it necessary I "that you should allow to remain in I "alfalfa ! mg'T than two ve;:rs, to i . . ' . -"make r propt awe j iv reply was: "We certainly cannot a;Tord t l.'l al "fall'a stand much longer than two "seasos. We must have laud on which "to sow oats and plant corn and pota toes, and we i ('' e f ll ll I there is no 'olher half so d a . aPall'a sod. It ti- '( cm.'. .i!ino..t too had to plow alt.ula tui'1-rso j irui nfttr it ha-oo-t it.- a ! I! ill I". 'Me of aid he'd The Las Vegas Stock (J rower says: Keccm ly an issue of irrigation bonds wasseiit to New York to be tloated through a well known banking house which had never hvfo:v handled such sec tl fit ies. Tin-r.i -u. hers of the linn tho.-ougii'.v investigated the enter prise and wile so mrch taken with its merits that they purchased the em ire amount of I he ImuhIs for their ow n account. The arid west presents many other equally meritorious in vestments for (astern capital. to The t, t ol iM!l..at.hu P. the e mate of woman.-!". W. Cuttis, year's time to get it established, but, "it is the !n'sf. we can do. We lose, "perhaps. P an acre, through not, "having any return from the land "during the season the alfalfa is sown, "hut the same amount expended "in manuring would not benefit suc "ceeediug crops nearly so mdeh as "growing t hem on alfalfa si, sown feel justitied in turning under the "alfalfa and seeding other fields." There is not a crop which will not make good and profitable use of the fertility stored by alfalfa, providing it i propeily handled. It would not be t he thing to turn under alfalfa in Sept ember and October, and sow at nice to wheat, for the ground would Ibe so loose that it would drv out rapidly, and render the outcome of the crop very problematic: but alfalfa may be turned under in July, after I the first crop has been cut. and the I laud sown to whe.it at the proper I season with a good chance for success. ! Wheat however, is far from being jthe best crop to follow alfalfa as ' far as it is from being t he best crop t" which to apply manure. Corn or po tatoes are as good successors to alfalfa as any crops, and are more often planted as such than any other two (Tops, a lavonie ana sat isiaciory rotation iu Colorado is alfalfa three years, corn one year, potatoes and millet or oats one year, and spring wheat one year. This leaves the j ground free for fall seeding of alfalfa again, which saves nearly a year's crops. . A grower of apples in Sidney. New South Wales, has just made an inter est ing experiment. He wanted to find out which was the shortest route to Chicago. etsi or west. So he p:u ked a barrel of yellow tipples and a barrel of red apples and start 'd one each way around half the world. The barrel of yellow apples passed through the canal, through the Mediterranean sea, up the English channel, and linally reached London. Here it was taken fiomthe loat and sent by rail road to LiverjMiol. Then the barrel of New South Wales fruit was loaded, into an ocean racer, and started on its way across the Atlantic to New York, whence it went to Chicago by rail road. It was just sixty-six days to an hour w hen t hey arrived at Chicago. In the meant ime the red apples hail crossed the Pacific ocean to San i'ran sisco in twenty days. Then they were sent by freight to Chicago. After numerous delays along the road the apples arrived. They had been fifty-two days on the way. Now the glorrr-trotting apples sit side by sida at the World's Fair. The Pacific Rural Press says it doe not pay to sell drying fruit green. The experience of the past teaches that the hot returns have been yielded to those who cure their own fruit, or through a co-operative, community or other dryer. There is no argument, better than the money argument, and the best ca-h return-an1 as a rule with those growers who are i:i no great hurry to get the money out of their green fruit. We are convinced that it is i he part of wi.-dom tin year, as it has been in others, for growers to cure ;:s much fruit as possible, thus placing ii in form where it, is not ne-ccs.-arv todisposeof it at a given time, regai, ties- of thccoiulii ion of the mar Ul. The i pi riencc of a majority of Ca.'i:, i nia grower- confirms thi- state nit nt.