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The oasis. [volume] (Arizola, Ariz.) 1893-1920, September 14, 1893, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032933/1893-09-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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Vol. I.
l'ltriT UltVINt. IMlKK Ol.AsS.
A. Los A riiri-!.?, correspondent of
the San Francisco Call tells of a new
device fi.r drying fruit under glass or
tliiu cotton cloth, which 1k says was
originated by ('. .1. Calkins, of Los
Angeles, who. however, claims no pat
ent upon his idea.
Class cases about ;. feet in surface
measurement and about eight inches
in dept h are provided fur the fruit,
which Is laid !i two trays. Tin- trays
are placed on rollers in sueh a way
that they may be inclined toward the
sun's rays as t he miii changes.
Mr. Calkins' experiments prow that
the glass cases conserve llie heat of
the sun to;i considerable extent and
increase Its inlcnsity almost t wo-fold.
When t he normal temperature is i;o
deg. the sun shining on those glass
cases increases t he interior tenipcra
ture to sodeg. And the rate of in
creased interior temperature is cumu
lative, so that an outside temperature
of -ay ni) deg. would make a lempcra-
perop and the Flaming Tokay arc also
good iirir.vi.Tf and shippers. L. I:.
Johnson of Mesa has been engaged in
th" fruit business this spring, ami has
shipped oxer 7,riM) pounds of grapes,
and has realized from . to 7 cents per
VI per
ICern county, wbo-e ery successful
work was recently referred to jij
these columns. Following is an
extract from the pamphlet:
"I have learned two things of great
ii:)li'tauce !e, experience. The first
is, that the trees must not he inia-! pound, net tint' him about
tul later t ban six weeks before t he j hundred.
fruit ripens. The second is, that as
soon as the nights grow eKl and
there is tiie least indication of dew. I
at once stop curing. In either case,
if these rules are not carried out the
llgs will ferment within a very few
nmnths after curing: these rules ap
ply here. I keep my trees as close to
tint ground as possible, heading out at
a foot to eighteen inches. My trees
have a very dei.se foliage, so close
that from i he outside you can raiely
j look well into the tree. This. I find,
j prevents a great deal of sunburn on
j t he t ruit. to which the tig is iuitc li
jab'e. My best fig-' come f r un (he in
side. My trees have lei so-.-alled tirst
'crop. .The While Adriatic has only
I . . l' ...I
one crop, i . goou tiling, a.- i
The l'or;j; Wouilrr.
New .Mexlean.
The Amerieiin Agriculturist for this
month contains an article detailing in
full the success which Prof. Paul Wag
ner, of tin- iigt icultultural rxperimcnt
st:: t ion at Darmstadt, Ccrmany, has
met wit h in producing a valuable for
age plant, from 1 he wild pea. of Hun
gary. The New Mexican was the fir-d.
western newspaper to lay the result of
Prof. Wagner's experiments in this
direct ion before its readeis. audit isj
gra'Pied to note the attention tkei
subject is receiving fr m AiM'ri:;.:i
. t . f i i . . . . . . t . . 1 t b
lure msiueuiegiav,!.! unij oi i !.,r:ls;i,uii,;,,l ,r,, will not cure
than l.V deg.
Though the ula-s cases are inure cx
jHiisive I ban t in- dry nioflcr earth.
1 hey are ii' t nearly so expensive ;u.
and keep well. The fruit begin.- ri
pening about the middle of August,
and is all picked in six weeks or less.
This car ' l;r'., I began picking Au-
t he evaporator-. Nor do they per- j j , ,;, , sentemher m, jst
form their work as uickly as the
evaporator can. Put the difference in
the cost of the two plants to say
nothing of the fuel uen-ss iry for the
quick work of the evaporator- more
t han coinjH'iisiites for the slowness of
the glass process.
And the slowness is only relative Mr.
Calkins, has proved, it is a far quick
er process than that of earth-drying,
far cleaner, tar safer and :;urer. am
;is the tirst eoo I nights came on and
at that time there was not an average
of half a pound of fruit left per t ree
ii crv convenient habit of the trees."
I run MuiruiiK.
Al'iii;l l.'epul.li.'ioi.
Considerable attention has been
turned of late in the direction of fruit
1 j shipping, and tie.: Iw.-t varieties of thrive? on the poorest soil without
: iigricult uf ists generally.
i As has been stated this wild pea j
grow prolifically in every part of New ;
j .Meximi jiud no doubt, the seed pods of j
i t his. if gathered when ripe, could he j
j ill ilizod for producing here, the same j
! wonderful art icle of forage t hat is en- j
j listing so much at tent ion now in wer-j
many. i
Among the extraordinary feat u res
v hich l'rof. Wagner found t his plant;
(Lathyrus Nilvestriesi to possess may j
be nol ed. in addition to what has al-,
ready been said of it in these cohims.
t he fact t hat it ;qipears earlier in t he
spring and remains green later in the
fall than alfalfa: possesses niue'i
greater nufrit ive value than alfalfa:
very much cheaper than the evajiora-1 Krap.cs anil owier inn:.- io grow jor j waiei . piai.is a year oiu senu uieir
torprooess. tn industry. Heretofore a farmer j ro'its down six feet, and older plants
Mr. Calk i as .-a vs his device is par- j or so-called fruit, grower endeavored j have been seen with thirty feet, of
i lc it u-Iv ad-ioted to i laees where t he to get in his little vineyard or orchard t root . The plant als;i reproduces its
sunshine is Intermittent. During j j"-t '"i"' varieties as possible, j self at a remarkable rate, sending up!
the absence of t he sun for a time, at Titri t is ail very well for our local ped- j frc-h .slmots from the crown of - the j
least, the drying process continues 'ar. hut when it conies to fruit ship-1 rod's. and on a jilant three years old.
ni'.d.r the i n'hieiices of theheai stored ping.'suliicieiil of each variety must ; ; he stalks being f. feet in lengt h. iiave j
tuheoblamed. j been counted right y-scven stalks j
be had if i'n.v success is
Then the qu st ion is what varies jes j springing fi'oru t he crown root. These
shall we plant to till this demand, j features are certainly sufficient (o al
Calil'oniia has been in the past and isj tract a great deal of attention to his
up in the glass cases, and the fruit
itsejfis not subjected to the ravages
of worms or to t he influences of mois
i nre at iiiirhl or incinieiil slnwors in
t he da t inie. now conceded to !e t he -grape conn-j pew forage wonder from the fanners
nw.',i:o,,r,.r of Wom.r the fn.it mi. 1 try" of the 1'nited Stales, and today of the arid v. est.
,I,..u4,..k,,I,,.., the sun is verv I t hilt industry is fill'
hot, is obviated by ventilators.
California fruit growers are rapidly
coming to the conclusion that, if they
in advance in j 111 l .' .. " . .
quantity over any oi her serf ion of the I rt- io. torie rrriuiii.ii in .ri.-.n:i.
country. Put Arizona, Salt Pivcr In the July Autliropologlsl, Mr. V
vaUey. is rapidly coming to t he front, j W. Hedge gives some interesting
I " r"- ........ ....... v ,...... 1
wish io lie in :i measure independent -i" i- ........ j. .
ofclntted markets th- ranacitv l-tt-r adapt.ed to their , take t he follow ing:
growing and presetting, ami our son 1 n none 01 1 lie extensive arcmeoicg
and ill niosphere rii'ens t hem from t wo I ie remains ef Southern Arizona are
to four weeks earlier, for an early j the industry, perseverance and degree
grape here, as there, the Sweetwater j of advancement of a large pueblo pop
and seedless arc perhaps the best; the j ulation more faithfully illustrated
latter however is more of a home 1 t Pan in the many works of irrigation
grape and u.-.eil for home preserving, j t hat abound in the valleys and on the:
The text grape that ripens and is a mountain slopes of lids sect ion.
shipper is 1 he Lady Downing which isj Judging from the remains of exten-;
much larger ami juicier than in Cali-; sive ancient, works of irrigat ion. many j
fornia. iind of course comes earlier j of which may still be seen passing
than l hem. Put by far llie best ship- j through tracts cultivated today its j
per of any is t he I'.laek Mower grape j well as across densely wooded stretch-,
licit, has b:-eii rip.'iiing here fo:' thes considerably beyoi.d the present j
la.st two weeks. The P!:u k Mower j non-irrigated area, it is safe to say
tietie! nere uiau iii;n.;o 1 ue principa 1 '.miiis eoiisi.ueno
1 he Coidi n si at e. and is a betu r ship-1 and used bv t he ancient inuaimnuis
per, s lis tic: tor. and will demand a of the Saiado valley controlled the ir-
hetter p: ic-1 lliat; any other grape,
and furthermore is a sure crop. Wel
lington Pieh'm.s of Mesa, has a patch ; methods employed by a primitive peo
of these grapes, and - Ids vines are p!e in all its undertakings,
loaded, and he says they have not had j The mo:k of e:i:i;:! canstriietion cm
nn off year siueu he planted, find w i.l j ployed by these pueblo builders was
. . . 1 . . , . . I. - .. 1 - .1 ....-.....! P I ...I .. .... 4 iri,....
thrt tiv.H.,,d .,f ureo'irlriP fiis nrinrtri g',v'" Willi je-s water 1 nan loi.v ouier , auouicr iiiuu,iuoii oi uieo pmvmu
wUli in :i measure 111 enelK ell , 111 1 lln I" 1 1" " """ 1 1 " " 1 :'ul 'J1 1 1 J "onwne,
nil th- r.ipiicity
of middh ioeii. they must dry their
own fruit, ahd hold it until advanta
geous prices arc offered. Hitherto,
t here luts been a go( d de;d of trouble
about a satisfactory method of ilrying
fruit. Sun-dried fruit n.-cds great
Ciirc to prevent its becoming dirty or
worm infested during the process.
while, as to evaporators, m perma-
nently successful machine ha ye; j
been found. The method above de
scribed appears to form a satisfactory i
solution of the dilllciilly. Where
growers cannot afford to use ghis , j
t hev might adopt the cot ton cloth, i
which is almost as effective a gla?, ; 1"' e';" Ri'"v
in slf'iing hi'iit. ;ts any one may dis
cover by spending an hour in a (dosed
t cut on ;i warm summer day.
C ii li.B 1
The Cu'.ifoMu;; State Peiird of Hor
ticulture has just published, in pam
phlet form, a detailed description of
mation of at least i,(inO iieres. even
without considering the economical
els for the modern fanner to Pnitate;
yet they could be dug in no conceiv
able manner save by the laborious
process of hand excavation with stone
or wooden implements, the earth be
ing home away by means of blankets,
basket.--, (r rude litters. Notwith
standing this, the outlines of at least
a hundred and fifty miles of main ir
rig.it ing ditches may Ik; easily traced,
some of which meander southward
from the liver a distance of fourteen
I'niike ordinary irrigating ditches,
these were constructed in such a man
ner iis to control to some extent the
depth of the current as well as to pre
vent wate through seepage. The
bed of the canal was about four feet
wide, but the sides broadened in their
ascent to within fo ir feet of tlio
hank, whore a "bench," three feet in
width, on each side of the canal had
been made. From these benches the
banks continued, broadening until
they reached the brinks, which were
about thirty feet wide. Thus, a main
ditch consisted, so to speak, of one
watercourse wit hin another; so that
if at any t ime a smallcurrent of water
only could be supplied at the head
gate, owing perhaps to drouth, the
lower iind narrower ditch was douht
losr; always filled sufficiently to supply
the towns beyend. while during the.
i.'iiny season the upper iind much
broader portion of the great canal
would readily accommodate al! sur
plus waters.
Several years ago when the Mor
mons first settled at Mesa City and
began the irrigation and cultivation
of the fertile plain about them, they
utilised this ancient canal bed for a
considerable distance, including that
portion encircling the knoll of volcan
ic tufV mentioned. The writer has
been informed by one of the founders
of this settlement and builders of the
Mesa ear.al. which is nine miles in
length, that t'.ie saving to them by
using tin' ancient canal was from 20
;mki to Sil.tioi'.
In tracing the routes once pursued
by many of the canals, great depressions-the
sites of ancient reservoirs
are observable. The remains .f one
of these reservoirs, nearly a mile long
by about a mile and a half wide, oc
cur on t lie open plain at the terminus
of one of the main canals that formed
the source of water supply of Los Mu
ertos. and about three miles south
west therefrom. It is possible that
this depression was. in part, at least,
a natural sink, deepened by artificial
means to serve more fully the purpos
es of a storage basin of -urjilus waters
from the Los Muertos irrigating sys
tem. Every cluster of communal
struct u res in Los Muertos was sup
plied with a reservoir on a smaller
scale than the one just ment ioned, a
single canal forming both its inlet,
iind outlet. Sometimes a lesser com
munal dwelling shared with a neigh
boring structure in the water supply
from ;i single storage basin.
The telephone is now Used by deep
water divers, a receiver and transmit
ter combined is affixed to the inside of
t he lit In.et near the dhor's car. Py
a s'.Uht turn of his head he can speak
into the 'p!;oii '. and he can he ir read
ily from it at all times. Its value in
deep-sea work for rcp.irting progress
oneeeiving instructions is clear.
Vehemence without f cclipg U rsnt,

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