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ARIZOLA, ARIZONA. THURSDAY, SK1TKMHKR 21, 1893.
No. 20. TnE Oam may Ijc found on fille ut the fol ;H'intf lare: New York Olllee San l'i'!iticlro Chronicle, ?J. Time Hiitl'ilii.'. 1 New York OHicii San l'ruiicNi'o IJ.xamihcr, "rilnine Kuiblin,';, AsUir Library, New York, tii-orifc I'. Koweil .t n., lOs'jiruce street, tew York. 'Hewitt & Hosier, lJ Kii.-l Hth street. New 'oik. Orexel l.ilii-Hi y. I'hi!ade!iliia. I'll. 'o.in ssioii.i i Library, Wii-ldic'ton, ll. '. Merchant s Kxeliiinilc, liiciio, Illinois, ml Arimnii Itiiiblinu, i olumhian Kxpositlon, hicatfo, Illinois, I'uliili- I-li.r-n ry, Chicago, Illinois. ..MfvrtiUiit'H Kxchauk'e, St. Louis, Mo, l'ubll; Library, M. Uiuis, Mo. Llmlell II" lei lI. M.Iin.- lionm, SI. ImiIs, Mil Lacled lloe Keitdiior lloom, St. ljoni-t. Io. Mereharil's Kvlouiu'c, Kansas f Ity, Mo. I'tiliHe IJ(r;i ry. Kansas city, Mo. Miuiinc Kxehance, 1 ener, i'olo. Hoard of Trade, lenver. Public Library, Hull Sehool lluildiliR, lien or, Colorado. I 'owuierelal 'lul. Anni,ieriiie, New Mex. Met. Inty lull. LI I'u-ui. Texas. Territorial Library, 1'lnenlx, Arirona. : I'll lil ! 1,1 lira rv. lm Air-'cles. California. Jloardof Trade, ls Antfeles, i 'alifornla. Tublie l.llirurv. San IHi-ao. California. Hoard of Tonic, sail I in-uo, ( .1 1 1 f ir t , ! i . , Hoard of Trade, San llernardino, : t , I f-1 1 i ;i iSacrsnteiito Library, sinranieiilo, Calif. : Hoard of 'Crude, Mnraim-nio, I 'ahfoi-nia. Mecliunlcs' liisliuite Library, S,ui 1 ran M'o. 1 alifornla. Mute Hoard of Trade, San r'ranelvo. Merchant' Lxeha n;.re, San l''raueis-o, 3.. I'. I isher, Merchants' Kveltunye Hulhlin;!, In tralniseo. Jlonrd of Trade, s'toekton, California. I'tiliHe !,lirarv. larlhaue. M,,. J'ablb- Library, I on Sinli h, Ark. Jlolel l'onar.l Reading Uoom, Uix kford, III. Hotel Holland Ib-adoo: kooin. Kvkfnnl, 111. ltostoii I'ublle Library, Itoston. .Mas. Voive--ter 1'itblie Lilmiry, Worcester, Mass. State I'nixersits Library, Laurenee, Kail. State I nlverslty Lilnary. lowaCitv, Iowa, l'ubllc Llbruiy, North (trunk Held, Ma-ss. J 'can and Ilruim. Mr. Edward Atkinson, t lie well now n statistician and writer on in usUy and economics lias set the rt-s.s to talking, so to s)n ak, over a rv ?it art icle of his on livan and jica jlture in tlu'soutli. .'it st'i'ius that he has recently in itio I trij) through the southeastern ,ate.s and readied the conclusion that :ki "j:oiiiinK man in t he south is the I'll-vino farmer." It is a notorious fact that in many f the older southern stales the soil is Jirn out and only made- product ive y the liberal use of fertilizers, cans, it seeins, are Ideal renovators f worn out soils, and M'its are a vari y of the same ltYuminous tribe. In lis same leguminous faiuiiy is also assed the peanut, and the three fans, peas, and peanuts have a food iiliic far in excess of corn or meat, ti fact they are anions ihe most nu- j ritious of all foods. A li iston jiaper, 1 refrniikt to this class or rood, re larks that it is not at all unlikely 'lilt with I ho growth of population ml the increase in the cost of the an iial food, they will take the place of 10 latter to a considerable extent, hey are exceedingly rich in muscle (lilding substance or protein, and liile the seeds are available for hu ,'an and other animal food Ihe stalks irnish rlr.e feed for cattle, i While these facts are known to (any, as well as the great prolitable iss of the crop, far in excess of the rdlnary crops of the south, yet Mr. itkinsou says there is "no general or Jeetive knowledge about the matter, ran oil, I have reason to believe, is h principal oil of China. Hean meal a ureal, article of commerce in Chl l, a ixl liiM been used to fertilize- su ir cane in Formosa for centuries, ounlalii lice, which prows on the ,'iui.ilayas. 8,0U0 feet r.iwvc the m ;;, ; wj!l known In 'India, and is cultlvn d wlilmut Irrigation, 1 lia.-e pro !d the seed and I'laced. ft j the department of agriculture." Kvery rice fed nation must have beans, else the people would be starv ed for the nitrogen or albuminoids in which rice is deficient. Is it not true t hat we as yet know litt le or nothing about beans and rice, either in the department of agriculture or among t he farmers in general always except ing yaukee baked beans. The Sugar Howl. Crop Hrpurt. U. S. I)EI' T OF AOKlCTI.TL'ItI, WeATHKR ISCUEAf. Wratlicr Crop liulletin No. 25 of the Arizona Weather Service for the weekending Sept. is, ,93. So far as shown by reports the past week has liocnrainlessthrougbout the territory. The nearest approach to precipitation were a few partly cloudy days with night teniperalures-tlie lat t er part of t he week. 1 lowever a t here is no special need of rain just now no great amount of solicitude is felt on the subject. The deficiency in rainfall at Tucson for the current month, is alxiut .7." of an inch to date. The same relative statement would probably aj ply to the rest of the territory. The temiK'iatures of the week seem to have averaged somew hat below nor mal. The deficiency was apparently greatest in the western section. At Yuma the daily average was about degree! below normal: at Tucson the daily deUYieni-v was ii fract ion more than one degiee. There has lcen about the average amount of sunshine. ,;:A11 the conditions continue espe cially favorable to the puisiiits and industries peculiar to the present t inn oft lie year. The harvesting of wild bay and late alfalfa, raisin making and the growth and ripening of citrus fruits are going forward with the most gr.al ifying results. The ranges cont inue to aiTord abund ant forage, and the condition of live stock of all kinds is most excellent, with prospects entirely favorable to its remaining so throughout the fall and winter. Wm. Iiruuovrs, 1M rector. Ti c son, A. T. The l.'ieloii I'eai li. Philadelphia Ledger: Peaches are a tonic, an aperient, a food and a drink combined: or to put it more briefly, they are meat and medicine. A good meal may be made on cut peaches, w it it sugar and cream, bread and but ter. After a meal of this variety one will feel more like attending the duties of the afternoon than if heavier food of a heavier nature were partaken. Peaches are good before breakfast and after dinner; they are good for the digestion, good for the blood and good for i ho complexion. Some people cat them without cream or sugar, and with good result. The fruit is so rich in sugar and acid that it preserve its flavor a long while, but to get the full benefit it should be eaten as soon as cut. Redness of nose, due to congest-j ten. inflamed complexion, scivfuioie and bilious tendencies are said tole materially influenced by a liberal con sumption of luscious fruit, Mixed fruits nve always advisable, but the peach in season, used as an alternate Willi plums, cherries, berries and mel ons, will Viiiiiiuish t he enemies of the complexion. This is u peach year. Pure gold Is said to be 24 cuats line. AKIZOXA OSTKKIILS A IViv I ii I rein tin if 1'oirit', on the Subject. Correspondence Clilctijro Sunday World. Arizona geer.n to be particularly adapted to strange industries. It is like a transported section of Africa or Asia apparently. The camels turned loose by the government yean ago have increased in numbers until they are a source of annoyance in the re gions they frequent. There is one industry transplanted from Africa, however, that has not turned out as disastrously as camel culture. About three years ago a man named .Josiah Ilarbert, noting th not altogether successful ostrich farms in California, thought out that the pe culiar disadvantages of t he plume growing business there could be over come in Arizona. He got a iiumberof birds from the San Felice ranohe and shipped them heie. Traveling by rail does not agree with ostriches, and all but two of them died before they reached Jiarbort'.i farm. These t wo, however, with commendable industry, have Ix'come the progenitors of a flock" of t he ungainly birds that now num bers thirty-three. Ilarbert 's farm is three miles from Pho'iiix. II ha forty acre fenced in for them, and the industry has long since passed the experimental stage. They have a regular pasture. The word pasture is a proper one, for not withstanding tin; popular impression that the ostrich thrives on nails, cob ble stone and tomato cans, the fact is that his taste is pretty much ihe same as that of a. pig. He is particu larly contented when turned loose in an alfalfa patch. Indeed, almost any thing vegetable does for him, from grasses t cactus leaves. In the dry climate of Arizona ostriches require almost no care and are as easily raised as cattle or slicej) The ostrich busi ness o'ight to pay. It costs almost nothing to feed them and the full grown birds are valued at from .."! Hi to swi. They grow up in batches of from a dozen to twenty, so it is no wonder that increase is rap id. When an ostrich is five years old he is considered full-grown, and as he lives for a hundred years end gives up t wo crops of feathers each year it can be seen that an ostrich is a bird worth having. The division t f labor between Mr. and Mrs. Ostrich is more nearly fair than among most birds. It is an understood thing that if she takes the trouble to lay the eggs he will attend to the hatching, which is very kind of him considering the fact that he is bigger, stronger, prettier and worth more than she. He furnishes a much liner grade of fathers than his wife, for support of the family. When Mrs. Ostrich inclines that way slit; scoops out a dainty little nest (it is usually about live feet across) anywhere she happens to be, and calls it home. She is not part icular about t lie locality, but Ih i tciv stubborn about giving it up when she has once i chosen it. Oneof the ostriches on the farm recently selected the middle of the road that runs through the pad dock for her nest, and promptly began filling it with eggs. Ilarbert dug an other nest for her in a more protected quarter of the pasture, but instead of ffcling grateful fo.' ids attention--. Mndani Ostrich qL.etly rolled the eg s, one by one. back to their original place of deposit, And while her husband went ahead with the hatching, she stood by to assist him in repelling any further impertinence. In this nest were twenty-rive egg:;. She laid one every second or third day, and w hen the quota was complete, she made her proud husband sit on them. As soon as she got oter the fear of her work being disturbed she left her helpmate and went off with the other birds, and he was compelled to watch lier flirting from his station without remonstrance. Once in a while she came back to give him a chance to eat and stretch himself, but these kindnesses were by no means frequent. Once when he, almost starved probably, left the nest she came at him with all her feathers turned the wrong way, and hustled him back to business. That's the kind of a wife the ostrich makes. So long as women insist on doing t he the Zulu act with their headgear, it looks as if the culture of ost riches in Ari '.ona would le be a bonanza. The Klert -leal Horsewhip. Some "Jim; ago a wily horse trainer provided the jockey who was riding his horse for a valuable cup with a complete electrical outfit for supply ing current to a pair of electrical spurs. The current was found an in finitely more jiotent stimulus to the speed of the horse than the simple spur, and the horse won. A protest was tiled, the jockey disqualified and the race forfeited on the somew hat in consistent ground of cruelty. It seems doubtful whether such an objection can be urged against the latest form of horsewhip, which is constructed so as to give a siiifht shock to the ani mal. The handle, w hich is made of celluloid, contains a small induction coil and battery, the circuit being closed by means of a spring push. The extremity of the whip consists of two small copper plates, insulated from each other, each of which, is provided with a tiny point. The plates are con nected to the induction coil by means of a couple of fine insulated w ires. As a means of surprising a sluggish horse into doing his best wink without in flicting pain the electrical horsewhip supplies a need.. A Nexx- Foraife l'lant. At various times mention has been made in t he Field and Farm of teosinte a very prolific semi-tropic forage plant. T. A. Walton, of Harbor Co., Kansas, has been trying it, and says: "Teosinte here makes an excellent feed. I have counted the stalks from one seed ami they ran from forty to forty-eight, and my son found one stool with over one hundred stalks. We planted it in rows, the same ascoru, and two feet apart in the rows. it. then makes a solid row of feed. Plant af- ler corn is up, one or two seeds to the hill, keep it clean until it spreads, then it will keep the weeds down. When frost conies cut it down at t he- ground and shook it. Tin" seed hous es in the south sell it the cheapest. One or two pounds will plant an acre. If the seeds all grow, a half pound would be enough." Madden says that in the Pritish West Indies, two centuries nyo, pins, slices of bread, pinches of snuff, drams of whiskey, soap, cocoanuts, eggs, and many other common nrtU cles were all used as a means of ruoue t.u'y communication,