ARIZOLA, ARIZONA. THURSDAY, SK1TKMHKR 21, 1893.
TnE Oam may Ijc found on fille ut the fol
New York Olllee San l'i'!iticlro Chronicle,
?J. Time Hiitl'ilii.'.
1 New York OHicii San l'ruiicNi'o IJ.xamihcr,
AsUir Library, New York,
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Lacled lloe Keitdiior lloom, St. ljoni-t. Io.
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I'tiliHe IJ(r;i ry. Kansas city, Mo.
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State I nlverslty Lilnary. lowaCitv, Iowa,
l'ubllc Llbruiy, North (trunk Held, Ma-ss.
J 'can and Ilruim.
Mr. Edward Atkinson, t lie well
now n statistician and writer on in
usUy and economics lias set the
rt-s.s to talking, so to s)n ak, over a rv
?it art icle of his on livan and jica
jlture in tlu'soutli.
.'it st'i'ius that he has recently in itio
I trij) through the southeastern
,ate.s and readied the conclusion that
:ki "j:oiiiinK man in t he south is the
It is a notorious fact that in many
f the older southern stales the soil is
Jirn out and only made- product ive
y the liberal use of fertilizers,
cans, it seeins, are Ideal renovators
f worn out soils, and M'its are a vari
y of the same ltYuminous tribe. In
lis same leguminous faiuiiy is also
assed the peanut, and the three
fans, peas, and peanuts have a food
iiliic far in excess of corn or meat,
ti fact they are anions ihe most nu-
j ritious of all foods. A li iston jiaper,
1 refrniikt to this class or rood, re
larks that it is not at all unlikely
'lilt with I ho growth of population
ml the increase in the cost of the an
iial food, they will take the place of
10 latter to a considerable extent,
hey are exceedingly rich in muscle
(lilding substance or protein, and
liile the seeds are available for hu
,'an and other animal food Ihe stalks
irnish rlr.e feed for cattle,
i While these facts are known to
(any, as well as the great prolitable
iss of the crop, far in excess of the
rdlnary crops of the south, yet Mr.
itkinsou says there is "no general or
Jeetive knowledge about the matter,
ran oil, I have reason to believe, is
h principal oil of China. Hean meal
a ureal, article of commerce in Chl
l, a ixl liiM been used to fertilize- su
ir cane in Formosa for centuries,
ounlalii lice, which prows on the
,'iui.ilayas. 8,0U0 feet r.iwvc the m ;;,
; wj!l known In 'India, and is cultlvn
d wlilmut Irrigation, 1 lia.-e pro
!d the seed and I'laced. ft j the
department of agriculture."
Kvery rice fed nation must have
beans, else the people would be starv
ed for the nitrogen or albuminoids in
which rice is deficient. Is it not true
t hat we as yet know litt le or nothing
about beans and rice, either in the
department of agriculture or among
t he farmers in general always except
ing yaukee baked beans. The Sugar
U. S. I)EI' T OF AOKlCTI.TL'ItI,
Wratlicr Crop liulletin No. 25 of the
Arizona Weather Service for the
weekending Sept. is, ,93.
So far as shown by reports the past
week has liocnrainlessthrougbout the
territory. The nearest approach to
precipitation were a few partly cloudy
days with night teniperalures-tlie lat
t er part of t he week. 1 lowever a t here
is no special need of rain just now no
great amount of solicitude is felt on
the subject. The deficiency in rainfall
at Tucson for the current month, is
alxiut .7." of an inch to date. The same
relative statement would probably aj
ply to the rest of the territory.
The temiK'iatures of the week seem
to have averaged somew hat below nor
mal. The deficiency was apparently
greatest in the western section. At
Yuma the daily average was about
degree! below normal: at Tucson the
daily deUYieni-v was ii fract ion more
than one degiee.
There has lcen about the average
amount of sunshine.
,;:A11 the conditions continue espe
cially favorable to the puisiiits and
industries peculiar to the present t inn
oft lie year. The harvesting of wild
bay and late alfalfa, raisin making and
the growth and ripening of citrus
fruits are going forward with the most
gr.al ifying results.
The ranges cont inue to aiTord abund
ant forage, and the condition of live
stock of all kinds is most excellent,
with prospects entirely favorable to
its remaining so throughout the fall
Wm. Iiruuovrs, 1M rector.
Ti c son, A. T.
The l.'ieloii I'eai li.
Philadelphia Ledger: Peaches are a
tonic, an aperient, a food and a drink
combined: or to put it more briefly,
they are meat and medicine. A good
meal may be made on cut peaches,
w it it sugar and cream, bread and but
ter. After a meal of this variety one
will feel more like attending the duties
of the afternoon than if heavier food
of a heavier nature were partaken.
Peaches are good before breakfast and
after dinner; they are good for the
digestion, good for the blood and good
for i ho complexion. Some people cat
them without cream or sugar, and
with good result. The fruit is so rich
in sugar and acid that it preserve its
flavor a long while, but to get the full
benefit it should be eaten as soon as
cut. Redness of nose, due to congest-j
ten. inflamed complexion, scivfuioie
and bilious tendencies are said tole
materially influenced by a liberal con
sumption of luscious fruit, Mixed
fruits nve always advisable, but the
peach in season, used as an alternate
Willi plums, cherries, berries and mel
ons, will Viiiiiiuish t he enemies of the
complexion. This is u peach year.
Pure gold Is said to be 24 cuats line.
A IViv I ii I rein tin if 1'oirit', on the Subject.
Correspondence Clilctijro Sunday World.
Arizona geer.n to be particularly
adapted to strange industries. It is
like a transported section of Africa or
Asia apparently. The camels turned
loose by the government yean ago
have increased in numbers until they
are a source of annoyance in the re
gions they frequent.
There is one industry transplanted
from Africa, however, that has not
turned out as disastrously as camel
culture. About three years ago a man
named .Josiah Ilarbert, noting th not
altogether successful ostrich farms in
California, thought out that the pe
culiar disadvantages of t he plume
growing business there could be over
come in Arizona. He got a iiumberof
birds from the San Felice ranohe and
shipped them heie. Traveling by rail
does not agree with ostriches, and all
but two of them died before they
reached Jiarbort'.i farm. These t wo,
however, with commendable industry,
have Ix'come the progenitors of a flock"
of t he ungainly birds that now num
Ilarbert 's farm is three miles from
Pho'iiix. II ha forty acre fenced
in for them, and the industry has long
since passed the experimental stage.
They have a regular pasture. The
word pasture is a proper one, for not
withstanding tin; popular impression
that the ostrich thrives on nails, cob
ble stone and tomato cans, the fact
is that his taste is pretty much ihe
same as that of a. pig. He is particu
larly contented when turned loose in
an alfalfa patch. Indeed, almost any
thing vegetable does for him, from
grasses t cactus leaves. In the dry
climate of Arizona ostriches require
almost no care and are as easily raised
as cattle or slicej) The ostrich busi
ness o'ight to pay.
It costs almost nothing to feed them
and the full grown birds are valued
at from .."! Hi to swi. They grow up
in batches of from a dozen to twenty,
so it is no wonder that increase is rap
id. When an ostrich is five years old
he is considered full-grown, and as he
lives for a hundred years end gives up
t wo crops of feathers each year it can
be seen that an ostrich is a bird worth
having. The division t f labor between
Mr. and Mrs. Ostrich is more nearly
fair than among most birds. It is an
understood thing that if she takes the
trouble to lay the eggs he will attend
to the hatching, which is very kind of
him considering the fact that he is
bigger, stronger, prettier and worth
more than she. He furnishes a much
liner grade of fathers than his wife,
for support of the family.
When Mrs. Ostrich inclines that
way slit; scoops out a dainty little nest
(it is usually about live feet across)
anywhere she happens to be, and calls
it home. She is not part icular about
t lie locality, but Ih i tciv stubborn
about giving it up when she has once i
chosen it. Oneof the ostriches on the
farm recently selected the middle of
the road that runs through the pad
dock for her nest, and promptly began
filling it with eggs. Ilarbert dug an
other nest for her in a more protected
quarter of the pasture, but instead of
ffcling grateful fo.' ids attention--.
Mndani Ostrich qL.etly rolled the eg s,
one by one. back to their original place
of deposit, And while her husband
went ahead with the hatching, she
stood by to assist him in repelling any
further impertinence. In this nest
were twenty-rive egg:;.
She laid one every second or third
day, and w hen the quota was complete,
she made her proud husband sit on
them. As soon as she got oter the
fear of her work being disturbed she
left her helpmate and went off with
the other birds, and he was compelled
to watch lier flirting from his station
without remonstrance. Once in a
while she came back to give him a
chance to eat and stretch himself, but
these kindnesses were by no means
frequent. Once when he, almost
starved probably, left the nest she
came at him with all her feathers
turned the wrong way, and hustled
him back to business. That's the kind
of a wife the ostrich makes.
So long as women insist on doing t he
the Zulu act with their headgear, it
looks as if the culture of ost riches in
Ari '.ona would le be a bonanza.
The Klert -leal Horsewhip.
Some "Jim; ago a wily horse trainer
provided the jockey who was riding
his horse for a valuable cup with a
complete electrical outfit for supply
ing current to a pair of electrical
spurs. The current was found an in
finitely more jiotent stimulus to the
speed of the horse than the simple
spur, and the horse won. A protest
was tiled, the jockey disqualified and
the race forfeited on the somew hat in
consistent ground of cruelty. It seems
doubtful whether such an objection
can be urged against the latest form
of horsewhip, which is constructed so
as to give a siiifht shock to the ani
mal. The handle, w hich is made of
celluloid, contains a small induction
coil and battery, the circuit being
closed by means of a spring push. The
extremity of the whip consists of two
small copper plates, insulated from
each other, each of which, is provided
with a tiny point. The plates are con
nected to the induction coil by means
of a couple of fine insulated w ires. As
a means of surprising a sluggish horse
into doing his best wink without in
flicting pain the electrical horsewhip
supplies a need..
A Nexx- Foraife l'lant.
At various times mention has been
made in t he Field and Farm of teosinte
a very prolific semi-tropic forage
plant. T. A. Walton, of Harbor Co.,
Kansas, has been trying it, and says:
"Teosinte here makes an excellent
feed. I have counted the stalks from
one seed ami they ran from forty to
forty-eight, and my son found one
stool with over one hundred stalks.
We planted it in rows, the same ascoru,
and two feet apart in the rows. it. then
makes a solid row of feed. Plant af-
ler corn is up, one or two seeds to the
hill, keep it clean until it spreads,
then it will keep the weeds down.
When frost conies cut it down at t he-
ground and shook it. Tin" seed hous
es in the south sell it the cheapest.
One or two pounds will plant an acre.
If the seeds all grow, a half pound
would be enough."
Madden says that in the Pritish
West Indies, two centuries nyo, pins,
slices of bread, pinches of snuff,
drams of whiskey, soap, cocoanuts,
eggs, and many other common nrtU
cles were all used as a means of ruoue
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