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I Vol. I. ARIZOLA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1893. No. 21, Th Oasih inny lu found on filln at the fol lowing pliiren: Nt-w York office San Franolwo Clirtinlclo, Hi, Tlmr l.uiliilii'. Sww York oHii- San Kranclo Examiner, Tribune llullillni.' Astor I.ilrarv. New York, Gwirirc P. Jtuwt-ll V I'o., 10 Spruce Mroet, Nr-w York, llwiu & H'l'T, 10 CilntHUis.trt.fi, Now Vi.rk. JtrexH Library. PlilliulHjililii. F'a. 'oiiifrvminnnl Library, Washington, I. C. Viffchant' KxchaiiKis rhleituo, Illinois. Arizona Hiiihl inji, til urn lilii ii Exposition, Clilrlino, Illinois. Publie Lltirary. ('lilcH?r. llllnoU. Muri-tiBiit'o Kv'lniiiKt'. St. Umls, Ma Publli: Library, St. lxiuls Mo. I.llllll'll Hotel Kenitliitf Kooin, St. Luui. Mo. I.niii'iln Hotel Iteutlliitt tCimni, SI. IjoiiK. Mo. MerrliHnt' Kxi-liamrc. Kansas I'lty, Mo. Pit hi if. Library. Kansas lly. Mo. MinhiK Kvlia'iofv, Iienver, lolo. Hoar. I of Trmle, iH-nver. l'ublli; Library, illcli School Iliilldins, Ikn Yer, t'olorailo. (Vitnnif n-lal t'lub. AUittiieriiie, New Mcx. Mi-li Inly i lub, El Paso, Texas. Territorial Llliniry, Plnenlx, .rlwnin. Pnbllf Library, l-os Aniicles, California. llouril of Trade, I-oh Antfeles, California. Publir Library, San Pieuo, California. ltourtl of Ttiiiln. Sail I Meno. alifornla. Sm'raineiiio Library, Sarruiiienio. Ciiilf. Itoanl of Truilf. Sarriiinemo, California. MofbanliV Institute Library, San Kran-cin-o. CHiifomlu. State Ikiitrdof Trade. San r'raiH'Iseo. Mi'Ti'linntx' Lxi'lianm-. San Francisco. I,. P. I'IiIht, Merchants' Exchange Hullillnit, Pun f'raiif !. IWnl of Trade. Stockton, California. Public Library, Curiliaw. Mo. Public Library. Furl smith. Ark. Hotel l.cimiin"! lieailiim llooin, liockforil, 111. Hotel lloilaiul KcaiiiiiK Kooin. UockforU, III. lf.iM.ui Public Library, 1'x.ston, Mass. Worcester Public Library, Worcester, Mass. Stale I'nlvcrsltH Library, Lawrence, Kan. Male l'niver-.itv Library, Iowa lly, Iowa. Public Library. North llrookticld, Mass. IrrlKatlon lnforiiiatli.il. Farming land In the United States, Jn sect it. ns having an average rainfall, are wort li from :: to W.i an acre. Arid, or so-called ''desert"' lands, without irrigation, are dear at twenty-five rents an acre. "With irriga tion unimproved lands in Southern California are worth from 9'n) to 1K an acre. Water can lie placed on des ert lands at a cost of from $10 U$73 an acre. I f twenty-live cent land and and Ui water can be added together and be made to foot up a total of "i0 an acre, value, what is irrigation worth to the arid states? Unirrigated fanning lands have no certainty of producing u crop of any thidg depending on rainfall. Irrigat ed lands can always be depended on to produce any crop planted in the fertile earth. The difference In the value of the two classes of lands is the difference lietwcen certainty and chance. The International Irrigation con gress (Los Angeles. October 10-1."), lSii.l) will discuss the question of irri gation in all its phases, and the sub ject will be, handled by men of wide experience and national reputation. The government will be represented In this congress by a special officer of the interior department, who will im part such information as is in xsses sion of the government on this im portant subject. A handsome little book on irriga tion has l;cn issued by the publica tion commit te of the congress, which will be sent free of charge to all ap plicants who will send tw cents to over postage. The book is finely printed and freely illustrated, con tains much valuable information, and is an epitome of irrigation knowledge. For copies of this book, or any de tails enncernitg the congress, address 0. 1). Willard, secretary, l.'J". South Main street, Los Angeles. Many Roman tiu coins are known to be in existence. HUE SAM'S JEW DOMUV. Homes for Thousands Vet to lie Had for the Takiii?. IIOIE AM) A FIELD FOR THE mm GBERATIOXS. Small Farms and Hcasant Duties vs. Large Farms and a Worn Out Old Age. AK1ZONA OFKKKH HKTTEK TH AN GOLD n mam. From the Hrooklyn Funic. I.ant of I'ncle Sam' Karma. "The Cherokee St rip. has been taken "up gobbled up is the best way to "describe the manner of its taking "and Uncle Sam has no more land, ex "cept such as he needs for reserva tions, parks, forts, navy yards and public buildings. Long ago the jolly "song, "For I'ncle Sam is rich enough '"to give us all a farm' was dropred 'from the repertory of the peblie "schools. "When that was written the "volume and jioverty of European ini "migration to this country was not "guessed at nor dreamed of, nor was "it foreseen that congress would en "dow private companies of railroad "builders w ith land of the area of an "eastern empire. The fairest land in "the world lias been disposed of to all "comers on the easiest terms that "ever land was taken. Any man who "wanted lSO acres had only to live on "it oi cause it to be tilled and it was "his. Joined with the activities of "the railroads and the discovery of "gold and silver in the Rockies and "Sierras, this freedom of gift has leen "the means of developing the country "as no country was ever developed be fore. Times change. The chil dren of Israel wandered forty "years through a little pocket state, "lookingfora place to live. In thirty "vears the inhabited area of the "I'n'.ti'd States has been donbled, "and millions of miles of country that "Zebu Inn Tike and Lieutenant Long "described as a hopeless desert have "been made to blossom as the rose. "Thirty years ago pilgrims were "still lumbering across the plains and "through the. mountain passes in "'prairie schooners,' buffalo still "ranged along the prairies in herds no "eye could measure: Denver was a vil lage and other cities of the middle "belt unbuilt.: the Indians menaced "the frontier and savage wars meant "something. Life beyond the Mis souri was rough and wild. Had any "man of that day foretold so speedy a "change he would have been laughed "down. Hut the change has come. "There is no longer a west, asdistin "tinguislied in its aims, character or condition from the east, and the "country is a unit as is never has been "until this time. That its various "sections will in the future be still "less sectional there is no manner of "doubt."' .1 KIT Kit SON liAPU.U'KS. Mo, ( September Wl. ) To the Editor of thk Oasis. Ari.ola, Arizona. lKAit Su;:-lt has been my lot as an army officer serving in the cavalry over a huge part of the great west, to see the lauds popularly known as ."Uncle Sam i farm" iiborbcd and occupied with all the rapidity spoken of in the above article. I have seen hundreds of families as pioneers in the state of Washington hunting in vain as long ago as 1184, and hunting des pairingly too, for free lands in that great new commonwealth. The lands in regions supplied with abundant rainfall for agriculture akk gone from the list of free lands, and the sooner this knowledge is wide spread and ac cepted the better it will be for the country at large. Still in reading the above clipping (reproduced today in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat) it oc curred to me that it was short-sighted and misleading, and that a stuono pkotest should be made against the disheartening impression it is likely to communicate in the minds of many brave hearts yearning for land a home and indejenderice. Hope and courage would be revived and st rength- ened if the facts were known about "Uncle Sam's New Domains' The extension of railroads to the west, the higher plane of living every where, the general and grow ing use of and demand for and appreciation of fruits and nuts in the every day diet and food of the masses have brought into view a new part cf our great country, and give a possibility of homes and happiness with far less hardship and suffering than were required in the "good old days'' of pioneering. I refer to the Irrigation districts of the United States, and as 1 have just re turned from a trip through the Santa Cruz and Salt River Valleysof Arizona, just starting on their careers of pros perity under irrigation, I thought how many thousands would rejoice if they could know of some of the facts that came under my observation. 1 have been in Montana. Idaho, California, Indian Territory, Texas, Western Kan sas and New Mexico and seen the irri gation possibilities of each demon strated, and the points I shall touch on respecting Arizona will apply w ith more or less modification to each of these other states and territories. My opportunities for personal observation have been greater in Arizona, as I served there two years before coming here, and traveled on my duties in the cavalry over a great portion of that territory, and 1 therefore write of t hat more in detail, as my information has the advantage of freshness and recent personal observation. The points I want to emphasize are that in these districts, and particu larly in Arizona, thousands of acres of free government land, under good irri gation systems, still remain to be taken almost without cost as home steads, and that even, a few acres of the 170 given to homesteaders, when put vxder initiuATiox. will enable a family to make a good living, and if planted to fruits and nuts will give a far more pleasant and lighter occupa tion and a far more satisfactory return of health, hapniness and .money than the ent ire UK! acres would give in most of the rain regions of the country. With fruits every member, young or old. of a household can help in carry ing on the work. The small farm of fers a better field for the abilities of the various members of a family by the various forms of light work con nected with an irrigated farm, thr.u iaiiy of the large farms growing staple j crops in the rain regions. The cheer j fulness and happinnos of 1 he average I families ' in the dry, Uimulating. healthy irrigation districts of thn country is in marked contrast with the weary round of monotonous duties and the worn out and broken down old age of even the prosperous farmers of the ordinary farming community. However I did not intend to go in to this phase of irrigation vs. rain farming, but to call the attention of the people who think Uncle Sam has ceased to be able to "give us all a farm" to the actual facts that thous ands of acres can be had free as home steads along or near the main line of the Southern Pacific railroad, and in the valleys of the Salt and Gila (he-la) river valleys. I took the trouble to look up the vacant lands of the Santa Cruz valley (from Tucson to Maricopa) and the Gila river valley (from Arizola to Florence) and having been all over these valleys and know ing the charac ter of the land to be perfectly adapted to irrigation, I was amazed to lindthe. vast amount of land waiting for the immigrant and home seeker. The extensive irrigation projects at Tucson, the Florence canal, from Florence to Arizola. and the inex haustible supply of water for pumping to irrigate that Hows under the lower Spnta Cruz valley (from Arizola north to the Gila river and west and north west to Maricopa) offer every guaran tee that the necessary water will be amply available. Water rights for a few acres can be bought for a f ract ion of their cost in California, and pump ing plants can be established and op erated on a large or small scale in the region of the flow (underground) of the Santa Cruz river even more eco nomically than by water from the ca nal. I know a gentleman, at Tucson (Mr. William Hartt) who has success fully pumped for years and cultivated large areas with highly profitable re turns, and who stated that he would not exchange for water rights in a good canal. 1 le pumps from the same subterranean flow of the Santa Cruz river, using mesquite for fuel, but the better kind of gasoline engines offers a more efficient and economical and safer power for pumping than steam, in this district of scarce fuel. This letter has grown far longer al ready than I intended, but I cannot close without expressing my earnest convict ion that the irrigation dist ricts offer the hope of the future to the young men and women of America who desire homes aud lands of their own and a congenial and agreeable and profitable occupation: and if this let ter gives new courage, to a single per son and starts him or her to investi gating the hopeful possibilities in the irrigating districts of the country, I shall be amply repaid. I have said nothing of the healthfulness of your district, but the number of living and vigorous specimens of the race whom I know in Arizona who "went there to die" i but who itavk i;k;.dvk::kd from consumption, asthma, rheuma tism and malaria) as well as my own excellent health during two entire years, convince me that health is not, the least of the blessings Arizona of fers her cii i.ens. UoGF.it P.. PiKYAN, 1st. Lieut. "2d Cavalry U. S. Army. From PmS to l2 musket- balls were used as currency in New England at. a valuation of a farthing apiece, and were legal tender up pne shilling.