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Newspaper Page Text
Vol. II, No. 2.
ARIZOLA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1893. Whole No. 28. mi TO ARIZOLA. Why Sbonld Immigrants Do So? UKVSOXS SI'.T FORTH FOB 8ETTI.EIW LOCATING II ERE A Great Array of Inducement for In Tutors and Homeeekin. I'otaHli a Fertiliser. Immigrants and homeseekers should locate at Arlzola or in the vicinity: Because the climate Is perfect. Because the soil is fertile and prolific. Because land Is cheap and abundant. Bkcavsr it iias TrtE best ierioa TIOS SYSTEM IX AKIZON'A. Because a home-can be made with little labor. Because so great a variety of produc tion is not often found. Because the yield Is large and prices are always remunerative. Because the settler need not spend a lifetime in felling trees and grub bing out stumps. Because life is a luxury in a land "where It Is always afternoon." Because there are chances for a poor man he can never hope to find in an older community. Because the country is advancing and property values increasing. Because, unlike Southern Cajifornia, it does not require a small fortune to buy a piece of land. Because capital does not block all the avenues of wealth nor crowd the poor man to t he wall. Because Uucle Ram has yet, herea bouts, manv farms awaiting occupants. Because good land is getting scarce and if you don't catch on soon your chance will be gone. BRCAl'SETflK WATER SYSTEM IS FOR TIFIED BY .STORAGE. Because here Is one of the few re clonsln the United States that com bine the products of the temperate and semi-tropic zones. Because the worker receives fair compensation for his labor, and the rustler" has a field for the display of his energy and enterprise. Because there are neither blizzards nor tornadoes, earthquakes nor inun dations, snowstorms nor cyclones. Because the vast and varied resour c.'s of the surrounding region are In the infancy of their development. Because under influence of that de velonment Arlzola is destined to be c irne in a very short time one of the largest and finest cities In Arizona Because the routes from the railroad to all points of interest and conse quence in the surrounding country are over the shortest and best roads, via. Arizola. Because a man can make a livelihood here wit h less labor than in any part of the United States. Because the flouring mill and other business projects taking shape wil mike Arlzola the commercial center and metropolis of the great Caa ; ramie Valley. Because there Is health in every b ceze, and health and vigor under this cloudless sky. r.ecause Arizola is a station on the nninlineof a great transcontinental r;i ilroad. Because the town grows when tims are dull, and booms when they mend. Because it has the only regular sani tarium, conducted by a competent physician, anywhere in Arizona. Because one year of life here will be worth live years anywhere else, Los Angles Times, Chemical science has settled the facts, that, nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash are the only three expen sive elements that any soil is likely to be deficient in: therefore, as a general rule, those are the only elements that must be added in order to do every thing that is known to science in order to properly feed any crop. A virgin soil is one that has never been cropped by man a soil in Its natural state. Nearly all normal vir gin soils yield productive crops. There aresome.such as our alkali soils, that have to be subdued before profit able crops can be raised upon them. The second year after a soil has been cropped, as a rule, there is apt to be a falling off in productivness of either quality or quantity, or botn, bowing that some available plant food is wanting. The little that has been removed by the crop cannot lie missed by chemical analysis, i e., a soil would analyze the same at the end of two years of cropping as it did when it was virgin; therefore, to determine, satisfactorily, what fertilizing ele ments are required soil-test plots must be resorted to. But. supposing one has not carried on such tests, and supposing he has been growing citrus trees for four or five years. "What Is he to do in the mutter of fertilization. Let us assume that his trees are orange trees, and that he expects to harvest one hundred boxes or 7000 pounds per acre, lie Is told by the director of our agricultural station that his soil analysis shows one hundred times more potash than the soils of Florida contain, and that he does not need potash; that he needs nitrates and phosphates, and that the latter are all he needs, and he 1$ advised not to spend his money on potash. This is an "a priori" form of reasoning to be sure this is theory in the sense that the word is so often popularly used which Is little more than guessing. He must apply nitrogen and phos- nhoric acid, and then he will have his orchard properly fertilized according to Prof. Hilgard. But if he applies all three of the elements he w ill have done everything in the way of feeding his crop that is known to science. Shall lie follow the director's advice? or shall he in the absence of a test plot, follow the advice of all the rest of the scientific agricultural chemists? It is going to cost more to follow the latter's advice. How much more? Seven thousand pounds of oranges requires less than fifteen pounds of actual itotash. The commercial price of actual potash is about six cents per pound, or ninety cents for 100 boxes. A hundred boxes of good oranges are are worth at least noo. A hundred boxes f poor oranges are almost worthless. Can any one for the small sum of !H) rents afford to run the risk of raising a hundred boxes of poor or anges? For if in addition to phos phates he adds potash he may rest as sured, that, as a general rule, he has done everything that is known to science in the matter of feeding his crop to insure a perfect one. ARIZOLA'S L()VLLV CLIMATE. WEATHER KKI'OKT For Week Ending Weilnenday, November 15, 1893, As recorded by the Voluntary Ob server of the United States Weather Bureau at this point: Day. 7 a m. 2 p.m. 9 p.m. Moan Thursday 4.02 .01 M.03 R9.01 o Friday 6-1.01 TM) MM f7.o0 o Saturday 44.51 W.03 &. q Sunday 4 1 .. L im.-M as.i ;. n UnmlnV 37.01 ti'J.tU .Ul 51. HI (i Tuesday 44.00 71. 00 .12.51 .V.i:j 0 Wednesday ai.Mi li.ui .w-on q An entire! v clear skv Is denoted by a cipher and numeral denote tenths ot total obscura tion by clouds. Ducks are among the most profita ble of fowls. When properly attended they are easily 'raised, and their eggs command an extra price with a ready demand.! I'lckliuit Olive. At a recent meeting of the Califor nia Olive Growers' Association the following was given by a prominent member as the best method for pick ling olives, after a number of years' experimenting with various methods: The fruit muit be picked by hand with the greatest care and all bruising avoided. Only berries of equal de grees of ripeness shmld be' picked, hence it is necessary to go over the trees two or three times in harvesting the crop. The great bitterness is removed from the olive by soaking the berriea in an alkaline preparation as follows: One pound of Greenbank concentrated lye of ninety-eight per cent, strength is dissolved in ten gallons of water, and for large amounts of liquid use the same proportions. Flaee the olives in this solution and allow them to re main four hours and no longer. Then remove the lye and pour on clear w;v j ter. which change once or twice a day for two weeks or more until it turns off the berries perfectly clear, which indicates that the bitterness of the fruit has been fully extracted. Cut some of the fruit after remov ing the lye to learn if it has pene trated to the pit and converted the berry into a "free-stone." If not, af ter washing a few clays in the clear water as above, pour on the lye again aud let the fruit remain another four hours. The lye should be kept in mo tion bv placing the casks or vats in such a way that it may be. drawn off bv means of a faucet into a bucket and poured back upon the fruit during the four hours' exposure to the lye. After t lie bitterness is removed as above, place the fruit in a brine made or four ounces of clean salt to one gal lon of water and let it stand a week. Then double the strength of the brine by adding four ounces more salt to each gallon of water, and allow it to to stand one or two weeks. I lien make a new and tin..l solution of four teen ounces of salt t o one gallon of wa ter and pour it over the fruit. If the fruit has been properly handled, no scum will rise to the si'i face in a cask ! of such pickles.- j In putting pickles into bottles for the market prepare the brine of t lie strength above ghen ifotirtefu ounces salt to one pullon of water) by boiling the salt and can. fully skimming; and also put into a fifty gallon lot of brine J say six or cijht ounces or alum. The I effect of the alum appears to be to precipitate the impurities ol the .salt or wa'.er and le:ive the brine perfectly clear. The alum 'should also he put in ensk if it is designed to kirp Ui'"pi''kl''s in thai csscl. An lnert FauiriiH. I'rof. Snow of the Kansas State Cni versity. ha taken advantage of the observed fact that certain insects ap pear to die from the effects of a fun gus grow th attacking them, to make war upon the Kansas chinch bug, which has proved so destructive to grain crops In that state. He inocula ted healthy chinch bugs with the fun gus found upon and within dead ones, by placing the healthy insects in con tact with those infected, thus caus ing a rapid spread of the infections and destroying these, bugs by the million. Specimens of diseased bugs wero sent to some three thousand farmers, and they reported the most satisfac tory results from the infection of the swarms of hungry Inects which came to devour their crops. It is believed that in a single season this experi ment of l'rof. Snow saved to the Kan sas farmers more than $200,000 in this increased value of their corn crops. Prof. Kellogg believes that such means may yet be found to work effctually in ridding California orch ards of many of their most destruct ive enemies. He thinks that Mr. Koeble has already found one or more fungi which which give promise' of good results in the same direction among the orchards of that state, and believes that he should be kept in the field and aided in every way to solve the problem of insect exterm inaeion so far as possible by any and all available agencies. Poultry Monthly; The best time to doctor fowls is when they are first attacked by disease. A fowl readily and quickly shows want of condition. Its comb ceases to he of right color, its plumage looks a little- ruffled, it w ings droop slightly. The change is. not marked, is not present in a pro nounced degree, but is noticeable to an observant poultryman. Then ia the time to apply the remedy. There is a little difficulty to remove; better remove it before it becomes a greater one. It is easier to push a wheel over an inch board than over a large stick of timber, and it is easier to cure a slight ailment than it is to recover from a severe disease. The vigorous way in which the French government protects its peo ple against adulterated articles of food, etc., is most worthy of imita tion. Two seed dealers in France recently mixed sand with their clover seed. Upon conviction of the offence they were fined $400 each, seut to jail for six months and the seed in their warehouses was destroyed. According to the Baltimore Suu a new and decidedly green Columbian guard at the World's Fair, who was on night duty, promptly turned off the coal oil lights that -were furnishing heat to the incubators on the first ap proach of dawn. He dkld't see, so ho said, why showcases of eggs should be specially illuminated. The owners of the incubators took on worse, thau setting hens po.-slbly could. The California experiment station at Berkeley, has been experimenting the past two years with the lathyrus' sylvestrls, the new forage plant lately described in The Oasis, and it is said to be well adapted to the California climate. In a way this is proof that it is adapted" to the climate of Arizona.