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f In tiryit Commnrcial fvuft in Northern Sonora, f X v- ft a ff sr. Saturday, March I I, !W5 ALAMOS DISTRICT Ff tri ? 1, The property was held and operated many years by the Garcia family, who were the original owners. About 1875 or 'TO a Ger man company, under the manage ment of John Hays Hammond purchased these mines and con ducted operations several years. The machinery what is left shows that the castings were made in San Francisco in 1878. A con centrating mill and lead smelter, with separating furnaces were erected also roasting furnaces, the pulp being roasted before concen tration. Under the administra tion of Mr. Hammond a number of million dollars in silver bullion were produced. Mr. Hammond was succeeded by Mr. Victor Clem ent, another well known mining engineer, who took charge in 1883. Within a year he netted a profit exceeding 1300,000, gold and then the mines were closed down, DECLARED WORKED OUT, and the property returned to the original owners, who shortly sold to the Ortizes, another old estab lished family in the Alamos dis trict, who in turn passed the own ership to Don Antonio Goycoolea, in 1884. Since that time Mr. Goy coolea has operated the mines steadily, by the crudest and most primitive processes, having worn out the machinery left by the Ger man company and never replaced it. The condition of the machinery and the way it is kept in operation are most remarkable. There are two old hoists that are in constant use, and have been for years, with out any repairs of any consequence. Some of the bolt3 holding the covers of the steamchests are gone and have been replaced by wooden pegs; the gallows frames are rickety and loose in ail joints; and the cables have been repeatedly spliced, while their entire lengths bristle with ends of parted wires. Instead of cages there are great rawhide buckets, each holding about 1000 pounds of ore; and they are also used to hoist water, in lieu of pumps. When one of these hoists raises a load out from the shaft the engine creaks and'groans, the gal lows frame rocks and rattles, the cable whips about like a loose shroud in a gale of wind; and for safety the engineer runs outside the building as soon as the mach inery starts, and watches its opera tion from a convenient point. Should the cable part and the loose end whip about the building he would be out of its reach. As goon as the edge of the bucket ap pears above the collar of the shaft he dashes in and stop the engine, the bucket and its load coming to a rest at just the right point for tilting. With INADEQUATE MACHINERY such as this, for the mill and fur naces are in the same sadly dilapi dated condition, Mr. Goycoolea has sunk one shaft to a depth of f)70 feet, another 450 feet, and a third more than 300 feet; and the mint records at Alamos show that during a period of eighteen years he has sold to the government an annual average of 250,000 ounces of refined silver, besides shipping to Germany many thousand tons of high grade ore. His operations y lumber, mmm SUPPLIES ad general merchandise. GROCERIES. CAPS, PiPP, HARDWARE FITTINGS, POWOSR, flSSflY, FUSE SUPPLIES Iron and Steel, toajon Material. Lumber. Agricultural Implements, May and Grain. Paints and Oils. Exchange bought and sold. Taxes paid for non resident Mining Companies. Xlniclalcna9 Sonora. during twenty years are credibly stated to have netted more than one million dollars. Of course hoists so dangerous as those are used for hoisting ores and waters only; the workmen des cend and ascend by ladders. There is not a car nor a track rail in the mine. Those that were in use during the Hammond and Clement regimes have long since gone to pieces and been abandoned. .All the ores, are handled in rawhide buckets, carried upon the backs of men. The three shafts are about 1000 feet apart, and are. connected underground by the extensive workings whence have been taken the ores that have produced all the values noted. In the mine and upon the dumps are about 20,000 tons of low grade ores. The best ores are in the Descu bridora shaft, ground which has been practically worked without cessation since i7. This is the deepest of the three shafts and there OPERATIONS ARE SUSPENDED apart of the year by filling in part with water. When the rains come in August the lower drifts fill and no attempt is made to clear them. In October baling commences and is continued until May. Then the shaft bottom is reached and deep development with extraction of rich ores continues until August comes again. In the meantime the mill is kept running upon ores from the other shafts, Purissima and Casa Blanca. The ore bodies are continuous the entire length of the property, and are from twenty to seventy feet wide, while the ores run from twenty ounces silver per ton to 1,000 ounces and above, the pay rock being calcite, impregnated with oxides and chlorides of lead and silver. There is also a small per centage of copper, which it is anticipated will increase with depth, until, as in the Qnintera, the process of reduction will have to be changed. With that idea, and with an intention of carrying operations upon an extensive scale, an American syndicate, represent ed by Messrs. Amos Yaeger and W. S. Cranz of Nogales, have CLOSED A DEAL for purchase of the Minas Nuevas properties. Preliminaries had been arranged at the time of the editor ial visit, January 1st. The deal is now completed, and the transfer made. Continued on page 9. COFFEE The better the cook, the better the coffee. The better tha coffee, the better the cook. Your frucw mam yrmr mgmy If JTWl dbnl liic SsJuiiuig'i Beet. Keep jour valuable papers, document etc. ia a safety deposit box. For rent by Tt, First National Bank, Ncgalcs. COLEGIO Particular para Winos.' Erite plantel, fundado por las personas mas prominen te de Ilermomllo, y en el que 8e educan mfios de las mejores familiaa del Estado, est;! bajo la direccion del Sr. Profesor Carlos M. Calleja, & quien deheran dirijirse los interesados. Cnlle Jcilapu, HermoHlllo, Sonom. j-hMkl ! THE BEST MADE ON EARTH. ERMOS1LLO BEER. FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. rnnnnn Try It Southern Pacific Company. Log Angeles Passenger, No. 7, west bound, passes Ben eon 1 .05 p. m. El Paso Passenger, No. 8, eawt bound, passes Benson 8:43 a. m. Train No. 11 leaves Nogales 4 -.35 a. in. daily, arriving at Benson 7 :35 a. m., ami at Tucson 9 :50 a. m. Train No. 12 leaves Tucson 3 :35 p. m. daily, arriving at Benson 5 :25 p. m., and at Nogales 8:55 p. m. Sunset Limited east bound, passes Benson 7:50 a. m. Sunset Limited west bound, passes Benson 5:40 p. m. Clone connection is made at Fairbank with El Paso & Southwestern By. for Tombstone, Bisbee, Naco, Douglas, and other points on that line, and close con nection is also made at Naco for Cananea. Tickets on sale to all important points in U. S., and we especially call attention to the trip, via New Orleans to New York, by steamer. This company's new 5000 ton steamships "Comus" and "Proteus" leave New Orleans at noon every Wednesday, and make the voyage to New York in about five and one half days ; they are equal to the modem ocean liners in every respect. Saloon and second cabin passage have to be reserved in advance. W. G. BOWMAN, Agent, . - "1 y.. . . r. w '- ; '.: : '- HOTEL .RGADIA, Hermosillo, Son., lex. A First Class American Hotel in an attractive City with an Ideal Winter Climate. Only T v-v I , cs Hourn I-x-o.- Mttlii Lin Especial Rates to Tourists. 1, MIX, I- reBiclent I i Dry Goods and Groceties. EL Mining Supplies, Powder, Fuse,Etc. HA.MON BSQUBR dtVi aSrM?tCuCi" La Coiorada and Primavera, Sonora, Foreign Exchange Life Insurance'co." IRANCH AT MASDALENA. Bought and Sold. P. Sandoval. A. Sandoval P. SANDOVAL Y C BANKERS AND BROKERS. Agents Banco Nacional de Mexico and Banco Occidental de Mexico. Own and control extensive W Fiscal Agent for the Bin lauds and mines in Sonora. rJJ Mountiu Mining Company OWNER OF FRMOUS PLHISCHflS DZ PLATA TOINES. Nogales, Sonora. Mex. Cable Addre's: Lavodnas.