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0 AN AUTHORITY ON MINES AND MINING. IHE BEST WEEKLY NEWSPAPER IN ARIZONA. Second Skriks, Vol. XI I. No. 2 NOGALES, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1908. Whole No. 809 SHOCKING MURDER. Mysterious Killing of a man Saturday Night. Working on Clues. Mexican Wo Officers are Last Saturday evening an elderly Mexican woman named Guadalupe Gonzales, who earned her living by taking in washing, left her home about 8 o'clock to deliver some laundry work the had finished. Failing to return an hour later her daughter tot up a search for her, which was continued all the night and all of Sunday. About 8 o'clock Sunday evening her lifeless re mains were found in a little shack behind an adobe building in the premises known as "the colony," on the west sido of the arroyo, opposite the post office. The un fortunate woman had been slabbed in the head and neck and her throat cut, severing the windpipe and oesophagus, and almost de capitating her. Monday morning an examination of the premises de veloped that she had been assaulted and killed while crossing the space between Terrace avenue and the arroyo in front of the residence of Mrs. Montague, and her lifeless body dragged down into the vacant shack where it was found. A pool of blood was found at the spot where doubtless she was struck down. Three Mexicans were arrested on suspicion. In the house of one of ihem, Damiana L'ifla, there was found a knife covered with blood, and a shirt that was soakefd with gore. The evidence while strong is circumstantial nurelv and there is t 0 nothing further to connect the man with the crime. What tho evid ence against tho others does not appear as yet, but the officers hope to clear up a connection in due time. Monday Justico C. A. Gildea summoned a coroner's jury and held an inquest over the remains of the poor unfortunate. The jury included these citizens, viz: Bar ney Quinn, K. L. Ish, J. L. Branch, I. Badilla, Madison Uisinger, 1). L. Benzinger. The jury was in ses sion the greater part of two days, but developed nothing of import fence, the verdict being that de ceased came to her death by reason of stabs and cuts inflicted by some person or persons unknown. The persona under suspicion are retained yet in custody, the otliccrs being engaged still in searching evidence in the matter, "Tuesday Bheriff Saxon made a thorough search of the premises at the colony, and his efforts resulted in finding upon the roof of ono of the t hacks overlooking the scene of the murder a very sharp dirk knife 411 smeared with blood. It seems very evident that after having ftabbed tho woman with ono knife the other had been used by the murderer to make sure the death if his victim. To connect the ownership of the dirk knife, if possible, would prove an import ant link in the chain of evidence. It is that to which the oflicers are devoting their energies. This is tho third mysterious murder -that hasoccured in Nogales i within two vears or less. The first was the woman Victoria Vasquez, whose lifeless remains were found in the apartment, the occupied on Nelson avenue in the fall or winter of 11)00. She had been an import ant witness in a murder case at the preceding October term of court, and her testimony before the grand jury had been the means of indict ment of two men accused of mur der committed at Mowry some weeks preceding the term of court; but she fell down in her testimony before the trial jurv refusing to go before the jury and give the evidence she had given in the grand jury room. As a result the two men indicted were released without trial. A few weeks later the woman was murdered mys teriously, without any clue to the murderer. The other was the (diinese merchant, Wong Len, who in February last was found, mur- uereu in ins siore in me same block as the latest murder, and but a short distance away from the latest crime of the kind. He had been killed with a hatchet or hammer and his throat cut, and no trace of the murder was ever found. PHOENIX TO THE GULF. An Electric Railway to Be Constructed From Phoenix to St. George's Bay. Another Killing. Close upon the murder of the woman Guadalupe Gonzalez, re counted in another coktni of Tin-: Oasis this week, came the killing of an unknown man on the Sonora side of the line Tuesday evening. It was jut at the time of the arrival of the train from Tucson i) o'clock in the evening. The man is said to have alighted from the train at the depot on the Arizona side of the line. He attracted at tention first by firing his pistol without taking it out of the pocket of his coat, the explosion of the cartridge setting the garment afire. Ho passed through the crowd at the station toward the water tank and made for the bridge across the arroyo. Grossing that he turned and passed along in front of the Hotel Arizona and Tiik Oasis office to International street, thence across the arroyo again at the bridge there, and across the line passing between the Sonora rail way depot and the arroyo. Not icing the man pass the chief of the Mexican customs guard 6cnt one of his men named Monarca, to stop him. The man hurried on and the officer followed, overtaking him at the point where the street crosses the railway in front of La Moda. As the officer approached the man the latter wheeled suddenly and fired two shots, neither taking effect however; while the officer re turned fire a single shot from his pistol killing the other instantly. The remains of the stranger were taken to the police station in No gales, Sonora, where it was dicov ered that one of his vest pockets was filled with marihuana a na tive plant similar to the Oriental hasheesh and in another pocket was a packet of cigarette papers. It is believed the man had been smoking the deadly drug and be came crazed from its effects. The following interesting infor mation was transmitted from Phoenix early in the present week: Phoenix 190 miles from deep water by an electric railroad. That is now confidently expected to be a reality in less than two years. The electric line will extend from California and construction will be commenced as soon as the Arizona Mercantile Transportation & Smelt er Company of Chicago can obtain the incidental concession from the Mexican government. The correspondent of the Los Angeles Times at Mexico City says that negotiations are now in pro gress for this concession and that it will be granted within a short time. No trouble in securing a concession to run southwestward through Arizona is expected. The electric line is to be standard guage and run from some point on the Southern Pacific in Arizona to St. George's bay. Though it has not been decided where the new road will make connections with the S. P., Maricopa is understood to bo the choice of the leaders of the project. Little isknown locally concern ing the Arizona Mercantile Trans portation & Smeller Company, but it is understood that it is composed of Chicago capitalists. It is be lieved that this is the same com pany which has obtained a con cession to build a railroad from a point a few miles west of Gila Bend south into the Ajo district. The proposed electric line to the gulf will cut the distance to deep water from Central Arizona points to about 190 miles. Phoenix would be but ISO miles from the gulf. The importance of the construc tion of this line to Phoenix cannot be overestimated. It will open up a rich section of Southern Arizona to that city and many advantages will accrue. Laws on Use of Water All in a Single Volume. Monday Doctor and Mrs. H. C. Mabry, from Imuris, were visitors at theline city.,. The National Conservation Com mission is compiling for publica tion in a single volume all the laws and court decisions, both State and Federal, which relate to the use of water in the United States. This manual will be of immense prac tical value and it is somewhat re markable, considering the wide j number of interests which are touched by these laws, that no such compilation has been made before this. With the constantly growing demand for inter state waterways, the increasing utilization of water power for the development of elec tricity, and the widening areas of semi-arid Western plains that are being made arable through irriga tion, these laws at the present time affect the interests of a wide varie ty of individuals and corporations, and in the immediate future the number whose business is directly touched will beyond doubt be greatly increased. The work which the National Conservation. Commission id doing along this line is extremely thor ough and the compilation will be complete. It will include all State and National statutes and all court decisions which concern water rights and kindred questions on both navigable and non-navigable streams and lakes. The citations will include all acts which relate to riparian rights, and public usu fruct of water, and all statutes which concern mills, pollution of water, interference with navigation or the use of streams, diverting streamflow, and so on in short, all acts which affect the use of waters and their private appropri ation to power or other purposes. In the book will be included also some authoritative discussion of the principles involved in these laws. The National Conservation Com mission in its endeavor to make the compilation absolutely com plete and accurate has called upon the Governors of all the States for assistance and the replies in every instance have promised support., Considerably more than half the States have already appointed State Conservation Commissions for the specific purpose of co-operating with the National Commis sion in its work of gathering the material which will be embodied in the report to the President the first of the year. In the other states the state officials whose work most nearly touches this project are at work. A single volume containing all. the laws which bear upon the uso of waters in the various parts of the country, will be an exceedingly useful reference handbook. It holds possibilities of an even greater usefulness in that it will exhibit within limits that make ready comparison possible, not only the general tendencies of the laws and decisions on this subject, ; but the discrepancies that exist be tween the regulations of different states. The fear is frequently expressed that the tendency towards monop olization of water power, which has already made very great progress iu some parts of the country, will result in practically all of this extiemely valuable natural re source passing from the peore as a whole into the hands of. compar atively a few men, with resulting higher cost of water power and water-developed electricity to con sumers and a tremendous ad van vantage to the few possessors. If this danger is justified by the pres ent laws, it is a matter of great importance to make this fact ap parent at once. For this purpose nothing could be more effective than such a presentation of all the laws on the subject as that which the Commission is preparing. Sonora and Sinaloa Notice. Dr. Schell the optician of Tucson, will bu at Magdalena next Wednes day and Sunday, and at Hermo sillo following five days. Later at La Colorada, Guaymas, Alamo and Culiacan. Wait for him and have you eyes fitted by an expert. 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