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Publishers and Proprietors. VOL. i. ■'HE CHRONICLE. ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY CO WEN & CO. PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. TOWN HALL, DODGEVILLE, IOWA COUNTY, WIS. T K H 31 S, XI 00 A YEAR IN ADVANCE 3125 IP PAID IN THREE MONTHS. PI ’ 51/(0 IP PAID AT THKEND OF THE YEAR. 'M Clubbing.—A discount of ten per cent, will bo al lowed where clubs of ten or twenty are formed. RATES OF ADVERTISING. Twelve lines, compact matter, or its equivalent in space, make one square. > *-• 5 .. 5- 3 C c I V c522 o c S 2 s 5 ? jr jr 5 ijy'gquarc, 76 1,26 2 :1 U Cfii l .A “ nil V.ro I S| lOj ~ 18 \ cell'll II '-’.HI r. T'l ! _ lB ■P - 4,(10 7, 0 ril 12 H|_ I*l N.IUI 1!,00 1". IN 22 2*l 46 Inusinpss Cards one year, one dollar a line for the lirst live lines, and fifty cents for eaeli additiona line. | Yearly Advertisers are allowed the privilege ol eliang- K >> Spec'ial Notices, leaded and kept inside, fifty per ' advance on usual rates. |lroftsstomtl # Ihisincss dark L, M. STRONG, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Notary Bulilic, Land and Collecting Agent, Uodgevillc, Wis I’arMcnlar ••attention given to the settlement "I <s , u •County Court. Office in Court House. [Up Stairs.] i2B-yl s. W. REESE. * TTORNEY AT L AW. Land and Collecting Agent, J||L\ Itodgeville, lowa County. 'V s - 1 articular ut ...Uiou given to e,dle<ti..g ageu.-ys, ami pay.u. n of taxes in lowa Couaty. Cilice m the 1 ost Offiu Hi j •'- Ing 1 ‘ J. II CLARY, . TTORNEY AT LAW, Mineral Point, Wis. Oi j\ fire in Thomas’Stone Block. fnl-yl] J R. ROBERTS, •vrOTABY PI'BIAC. Heeds, Mortgages *e., draw" ftjW with aceuraey, at his Hotel on Mam Street, jUodgeville, Wis. Inßv4-tf] R ARUNDELL, (W K\!’ I! AI. DEALER in stoves, Hardware, Tin, f Sheet-iron, and Copper ware, Ac.. lowa Street, tq.posile the old Post Ollire, Dodgeville, \\ is. fnl-yl] G W BURR ALL. M. D. P* HVSICI AN AM* SI UCKCN, Dodgeville. lowa County, Wisconsin. [nl-yl.] WHITNEY SMITH. I fjv vSNKU AND (TitUir.il, Mineral Point, Vis. I X Leather of all kinds, also Hair for Plastering, al ' ways on hand, cheap for cash. Job Work done at short 1 . notice and on moderate terms, . [n2(>-ilj SCIIALL’S HOUSE. B\tO. 207 A 200 Randolph Street, Chicago Illinois. This house is cent rally local.d, in the Im-iuesa of the city, near the Post Office, the Court House, • jind all the principle Rail Road Depots The uccom, Brno.dations are good, and clnaper than most of the Hotels in this vicinity. [nll-tf] MASONIC- R® KCri.AU MEETINGS of Dodgeville Lodge, No. ll'.t of A. F. & A. 31, on the first and third Fri <lav evenings of each month, at their Hull on lowa jstroet. Transient brethren visiting Dodgevillu, are cordially invited to attend. Henry lUnstan, Scc'y. To widow’s tears to orphans’ cry, All wants our ready hands supply, So far as power is given ; The naked clothe, the prisoner free, — Swell are the deeds sweet masonry Revealed to us from heaven. F ~~ " ■ Western DODGEVILLE, - - - WIS. a a THE undersigned would respectfully ask a j share of the public patronage. His table j J* J S‘|! will always be furnished in good taste ‘and m fir mf liis rooms are large and airy, and in every iMMlgggfcw depart men t the intention will be to consult thecomfort and wishes of liis patrons. Good stables and attentive ostlers always in readiness. IT R.ardors by the day or week furnished with all noc •ttsary amveniences and at reasonable rates. ; Stages leave this house daily, north and south, m-ly JOHN K. ROBERTS. RAIL WAY TIME TABLE. 4kil. & Prairie du Chien R. Way. OX and after Sunday November 161862, until further notice. Trains will run as follows: oonr. EAST. PASS ARENA. ji Mail and Express Trains, at 9:17 p. m. |Kf Way Freight 3:30 “ PASS MAZO MAXIE. \ Mail and Express Trains, at 9:35 r. M. fe Way Freight, 4:15 “ WEST. PASS ARENA, and Express Trains, at 4;f-'l r. m. Way Freight, 10:15 a. m. PASS MAZO MANIE. Mail and Express Trains, at 7:25 p. m. Way Freight, 9:35 a. m. • RAIL ROAD TIME TABLE CHANGE OF TIME. 11l rTo take effect Monday,Kov. 24, 1862. MINERAL POINT RAIL ROAD. going south. SP Leave Mineral Point at 3:30 p. m. ■ Leave Darlington at 4:25 “ ■ Arrive at Warren at 5:30 “ GOING NORTH. Bk- Leave Warren at 5:45 p, sr. K Leave Darlington at 7.-4S “ ■ Arrive at Mineral Point at 5;45 G. IV • Cobb, Receiver. Farmers Educate Your Sons! We have ever thought, that if there was a profession in the world of which a man had a just right to be proud, it was that of the farmer; and yet no class in the community place so low an esti mate upon their calling as farmers them selves. Why is this? Has the idea that mere physical force is the only es sential qualification of the man who tills the earth, obtained such a hold of the minds of our people, that the thought of ever placing agriculture in a loftier position has been utterly abandoned? We hope not; and yet with many this appears to be the case. Is it not lament able, in an age like ours, that any such absurd and positively injurious notions should prevail ? Who is prepared to es timate the pecuniary losses actually sus tained by the encouragement of such nonsense? Millions upon millions are annually lost by the cultivation of too much land, the over-stocking of farms, errors in the rotation of crops, the en tire abandonment of farm accounts, the ignoring of all improved implements, <fce. When will all farmers awake to a true sense of their own interest? W hen will they, as a unit, resolve to place their profession where it deserves to stand, at the very head and front? Why should it not? What other profession involves so much of the scientific as well as the practical? What branch of science is not more or less intimately connected with, and what profession holds out so many inducements to the man of inquir ing mind —to the observer and admirer of nature’s works, and to him who, it he have no higher object, seeks to amass a fortune ? None that we know of, that may be called legitimate. Why, then, fanners, will you not one and all improve the golden opportunities so freely af forded you? Why not educate your sons to believe that the calling of the farmer is ennobling and remunerative, if it be but intelligently pursued ? Point them to the men, who, discarding the pernicious idea already referred to, have entered upon (lie great work of placing agriculture in its proper position. Have they not earned a reputation which will live when the ephemeral no toriety of politicians and speculators will have passed from the mind of the world ? Hustle and Skinner, Downing and Wil der, Bartram and Peters, till hold a high place in the hearts of the lovers of ag riculture—a place which can never he usurped. Educate your sons to love this profession of their fathers, and you will confer a blessing not only upon them, but upon the world. —Farmer & Garde iter. Radical View of the War. —It is said that the purport of the declarations made by part of the Massachusetts del egation now in AV ashington to the 1 res ident, is that the radicals, as they are called, are willing to go any length what ever to carry on the war, it convinced that we are fighting for something, and under a leadership in the t abi.net and field, of men who want to conquer, but that if the war is only to go on in the same aimless way they say it has for the past two years they think the country has had about enough of it. We think so too. All that the radi cals want and ever have wanted, is that the war shall be carried on in earnest, and with a view to conquering the rebel lion by military force, and in the speed iest and most summary manner possible. They care nothing for Slavery nor for the negroes, one way or the other ex cept only that they stand in the of suppressing the rebellion and restoring the Union. —Indianapolis Gazette. Gen. Rosecrans on Copperheads. —Gen. Rosecrans is a democrat. In a conversation with Mr. feessions, of _o - umbus, Ohio, since she battle of Mur freesboro, Gen. Rosecrans said: “he of the North did not fully understand the enemy we had to deal with , the) g it like demons, disregarding flags of truce and all laws of civilized warfare, forcing boys into their army, as the many wound ed and dead boys showed. AV hy, he said, Brasrg sent in a flag of truce, and his men captured fifty prisoners imme diately behind it! and, being remon strated with, justified himself after con sidering upon it for five days. Uis condemnation of the Peace democrats was scathing. He says they wi 1C * the boots of these Southern thieves and liars, who will turn around and kick them; they mean fight, fight, fight, and we can never conquer except by fighting in earnest, expecting to lose many valuable men. V Postmaster Indicted. Henry J. Sedgewiek, late Postmaster at Syra cuse, has been indicted ft* embezzling 84.54 of the money of the I nited Mates. DODGEVILLE, WISCONSIN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1863. Major General Joseph. Hooker The new commander ol the Army of the Potomac is a native of Massachusetts, and was born at Old Hadley, in 1816, being now forty-seven years old. He entered West Point in 1833, his appoint ment being charged to thot State. In 1837 he received his appointment oi Second Lieutenant of artillery. In 1 eb ruary, 1838, he was appointed Assistant Commissary of Subsistence, and promo ted to a First Lieutenancy. From July to October, 1841, he acted as Adjutant at the Military Academy, and from 1841 to 1845 he ranked as Regimental Ad jutant. When the war with Mexico broke out he was appointed Aid-dc-Camp to General Hamer, and displayed so much gallantry that he was breveted as Captain. He distinguished himself at Monterey. In the early partot 1847 he was made Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of Captain. For his sa gacity and courage at the National Bridge, he was breveted Major, and after, at Chcpultepec, rendered himself so con spicuous that he was breveted Lieutenant Colonel. The war ended, he withdrew from the service and emigrated to Cali fornia where he engaged in commerce, with but moderate success. At the breaking out of (he rebellion he considered that the education he had received at the expense of his country was a sacred trust, and immediately of fered his services to the Government, who, aware ot his abilities, appointed him Brigadier General of volunteers, on the 17th of April, 1861. He was placed in command of a brigade, which formed part of the. Army of the Potomac. Subsequently lie was put at the head of a division and stationed in South Maryland, where he remained till Feb ruary last. He was now placed in com mand of the lighting division par excel lence of the army, including Sickles’ splendid Excelsior Brigade, and at Wil liamsburg, Seven Pines and Fair Oaks, showed how worthy he was of that proud position. He next distinguished himself during the seven days’ contests, and afterwards under General Pope before Washington, and under McClellan in Maryland, lie fought bravely at South Mountain and Antietam, at which latter place he was wounded in the foot. AN hen he had re covered from his wound sufficiently to take the field in a litter, he did so. and was made Commanding General of the sth army corps. On the 14th of November, 1862, ho was placed in command of the centre grand division of General Burnside’s army in Virginia. His promotions have thus taken place : On July 4, 1862, he was promoted to a Major Generalship of volunteers, and on the 20th of September, 1862, was ap pointed a Brigadier General of the regu lar army, in the place of General Mans field deceased. Neutral in Politics—Fair Play for all. Treason in Congress. —Henry May, of Baltimore, to-day made the most treasonable speech yet delivered in Con gress since the rebels left two years ago. lie declared openly that “the rebellion now stood before God and man as a revolution against the most direful op pression.” The House seemed to receive this avowal of treason without excite ment. It is the first time since the re bellion broke out that any man in or out of Congress, has dared fully to just ify the war of the traitors against the government. Even Powell, of Ken tucky, said the other day in the Senate that the rebels “had done wrong.” Hen ry May says in the House of Represent atives that G od and man justify the con duct of the rebels! It is often remarked here that before the government pro ceeds to arrest the newspaper editors in the free States, Congress should purge itself of open and avowed traitors.— There is no longer a question in the case of Henry May. He claims for him self the name of rebel and traitor, by defending the rebellion on the floor of the House. — Wash. Cor. AT. Y. Eve. Post. A Future for Copperheads. —Lieut. Snyder.of the 101st 111.regiment,writes to the Dixon Republican as follows : “We hate cowardly villians and trai tors who are afraid that the rebels w r ill be hurt or deprived of their property, when found in the army, as much as those who are still at their homes, and would rather shoot them than Southern traitors. We are surprised that men should be allowed to put forth such res olutions as those lately passed in Spring field, and if the bald hearted cowards who put them forth, think they have friends in the army they are sadly de ceived. Dark and dispiriting as the future looks, we are still ready to fight traitors, and when those in the South are put down, we want a chance at those detestable and cowardly ones at the North.” From the Cleaveland Herald, 34th. Where’s my Baby ? The train from Toledo arrived this morning with a heavy load of passen gers, a few minutes before the time for the Eastward bound train to start. — Among the passengers was a lady with a multitude of small packages and a baby. On descending from the Toledo cars, she was notified that she had to hurry up or she would miss the train. Hugging the baby with one arm, she endeavored to grasp her package with her disengaged hand, hut they were too much for her. Do what she would, there was always one band-box or one pack age too many. The precious moments were flying fast, and the conductor of the Lake Shore train was shouting “all aboard.” At that moment a good Sa maratin, in the shape of a well dressed man, volunteered to take charge of the baby whilst she gathered up her pack ages. She gave him the child, and he ran off with it to secure a seat, whilst she followed with her bundles and boxes. As soon as she had picked up her traps and reached the cars, she looked out for the man with her baby. He was nowhere to be seen. She climbed into a car and rushed through it, but saw no man with a baby. Out on the platform again she darted in and out among the crowd, shrieking, “where’s my baby ? ’ The bystanders inquired what the trouble was, but she gave no explanation except that a man had got her baby. In an instant all was excitement. Ev erybody rushed in differennt directions shouting, “where’s the woman's baby ? the woman herself laden down with bundles and band-boxes which she clung to in all her trouble, ran around shriek ing, “where’smy baby?” Depot officers, Clark Warren and Van Husen searched every car, and sternly ordered several : men with children in their arms to “give j up the woman’s baby ; ’ while the con ductor kept shouting frantica’ly, “all aboard.” Presently a man, in a state of wild excitement, carrying a baby giving am ple evidence of lungs and windpipe in excellent order, came rushing through the crowd shouting, “where s that wom an? Has any body seen a woman who gave me this confounded baby ? The denouncement is easily foreseen. Mother and child met. The boxes and bundles were dropped, and the baby overwhelmed with kisses. Officer Clark Warren politely lifted mother and child j into the car, while the conductor picked j up the bundles, and shouted, “all aboard. ’ The way to Keep Potatoes. —A. writer in the Germantown Telegraph gives his views upon keeping and pre- j serving potatoes as follows ; “I will hazard the assertion that free- 1 zing will not injure potatoes, or any ether root or fruit; it is the thawing which does the damage, and not the freezing, as is generally supposed. Nor will gradual thawing hurt them: it is only when the thawing is too sudden, that they are injured. If we take two frozen potatoes, apples, or other fruit, and place one under the stove, and the other in water a little above the freezing point, we will find that the former will be spoiled, while the latter is not in jured, because with it the thawing is done gradually. Potatoes may be heap ed up in the patch and covered with two or three inches of dirt, well packed down, and they will keep in spite of a dozen freezings and thawings, if kept dry. If kept in the cellar, it should be in a tight box with a lid, that they may always be in the dark, to prevent sprouting; for if they once begin to sprout, the starch which gives them their mealiness is changed into other com pounds, more favorable to the vegetation of the sprouts. If. while the potatoes are in the cellar, they should freeze, do not wait for them to thaw, but cover them with straw, old clothes, shavings or saw-dust, and let them thaw very gradually, and they will come out good. This will apply to turnips or any other root, as well as to apples and other fruits. The main item is to keep them dry, and if buried, to provide drains to carry away the water from the heap. Large Prices for Sheep. —lt is something of an index of the value our farmers are putting upon sheep at the present time, that a gentleman of our acquaintance paid SG per head for a flock of fine sheep in Michigan, a few days since. A Sangamon county wool grower also informs us that he was re cently offered SO per head for his entire flock of 2,500. A farmer in Du Page county has two crops of wool, from a large flock of sheep, on hand, preferring wool to bank notes or “green backs, in the present state of national affairs. If, as is thought, the product will bring SI per lb. soon, it will be money kept. — Exchange. Wisconsin Items. Welch Edwards has taken the man agement of the Theatre at Madison. fig?-Ward, the soldier who was shot by another soldier at Madison, was not y(>t dead on Friday afternoon, but it was impossible that he could live. Shea, of AYerneville, Juneau county, was seriously it not fat tally injured last week by a tree which fell ou him, fracturing his skull. young man named Levi Dar ling, of Baraboo, recently died from in juries received by a load of flour upsett ing upon his arm, in Sauk county. £@7“Thc Portage Register learns that “the West Point,in this county,was burn ed ou Monday morning last. Loss 81,000, inshurancc 8700 —in the Madi son Mutual.’’ jBgy°Tlic News Depot man at Berlin, in this State, lias, at the rquest of many of the leading buisness men, discontin ued the sale of the Chicago Tunes, and will hereafter sell only loyal papers. Fire at Appleton. — A house occu pied by Capt. Dunn’s family, and owned by Mr. Bartlett, was burned last week at Appleton, Loss on furniture and build ing about 81500. No insurance. private letter on buisness from Major Walthers, of the 34th Wisconsin, dated FortHalleck, Columbus, Ky., Feb. sth, states that they wore stationed there for the present. The men were all in good spirits. Snow fell to the depth ot six inches the previous evening, and the cold was severe. sg|“Rebel newspapers say that of 10,- 000 men led from Missouri in April and May last by Price, not more than 2,500 arc now surviving and fit for service. They state their loss in the tight with Rosecrans was 9,000. In Breckinridge’s division 1,800 men were killed outright, in an hour and forty minutes. AN ithers’ division lust 2,500. M urdEßKii Arrested. —David Shear er, the murderer of Win. Taylor, who has been arrested, was found in a lumber camp about forty miles north of Green Rav in Oconto county. He made no re sistance, though armed with a revolver. He was brought to Milwaukee yesterday, and taken thence to Kenosha. He de nies all knowledge of the murder. Extension of the Sheboygan & Mississippi Railroad. —The citizens of Foud du Lac county are moving in the matter of extending the Sheboygan & Mississippi Railroad westward from Fond du Lac. The influence of Rosendale and Springvale favors a connection at Reed's Corners with the Markesan road, while Ripon desires to be counted in. The Southern route seems to be in favor with the managers of the road. Accident. —We understand that a son of Mr.Razey, of the town of Clyde, in lowa county, lost his life under the following circumstances: It appears that while Mr. Razey was endeavoring to arrange a belt in Reed s Mill on the Wisconsin river, he was caught in some part of the machinery, carried across the saw and horribly mangled, his head be ing completely severed from his head before the machinery could be stopped. Gen. Rosecrans Mode of War. — At a council of generals called by Gen. Rosecrans on the eve of the late battle, he is reported to have closed he delib erations with the following exhortation and assurance: “Fight! Spread ont skirmishers far and wide; keep pushing ahead; expose their nests ; fight keep fighting and they will not stand it .” Their was a juncture in the battle be fore Murfreesboro when almost any other General in our army would have ordered his forces to fall back, and the rebels would have gained a substantial victory. But Rosecrans kept on fighting. The sth Wisconsin, now command by Col. Thos. S. Allen, numbers 500 effec tive men, as good as ever handled a mus ket. They have been recently orgnniz edto form part of a “light Brigde,” con sisting of the sth Wisconsin, 4th Ver mont, Gth Maine, 31st New York, and one other regiment not yet designated. This Brigade will be under command of Gen. Pratt. Cavalry and artillery will also be attached. “Moving in light marching order, on short notice, writes a friend from the sth, “we hope to be able to rival “Stonewall” Jackson’s fa mous brgade of the same kind. We have the boys and the officers to do it and more too. ’ ~, \ One dollar per year urns .i jp paid 5a advance. Wisconsin Regiments in the Ex pedition up White River. —The 28th Wisconsin, Col. Lewis, and the 29th, Col. Gill, formed a portion of the recent expedition up White River, Arkansas. A correspondent of thcJJChicago Times, accompanying the expedition, writing on the 18th ult., says : “Col. Lewis, of the 28th Wisconsin, is in command of the fort at St. Charles. He has there a sufficient force to hold the place. A gunboat, with sixteen Dahl gren and parrot guns, lies in the river opposite the town. The rebels sank three steamers in the stream just below the town, but they have been cleaned out so boats can pass, if careful. The town itself is on a table about one huu dred feet above the river. The earth works of the rebels, with several shat tered houses, destroyed by our guns, stand as monuments of war.” Died. —In Ribon, Wis. on the 2d inst., of wounds recicvcd at the battle of Pra irie Grove’ Lieut. (Jco. AY. Root, of the 20th regiment Wisconsin Volunteers, son of Hon. E. Root, of Ripen, and bro ther of Capt. F. A. Root, of the 24th regiment, and of Mrs. Ingraham of this city. Lieut. Root was wounded on the 7th of December, while supporting a bat tery, by a missile from a shell, which passed through his upper lip, taking away a portion of his jaw and a part of the tongue, and lodged in his throat, whence it could not be extracted. After suffer ing greatly, and bis life being despaired of, he at lenght rallied and was datached homewards for recruits. In this, not withstanding his ill health ho was en ergetic and very successful, until Avith in two Aveeks after his return, he AA T as suddenly called away. Lieut. Root Avas greatly beloved by all who knew him, both at home and in the army, for his genial qualities as a man, as well as his bravery as an officer. He died not only as a true soldier, but as a true soldier of the cross of Christ, lie. came, home to die! Thus the flower of our youth are offerd on the alter of our coun try, and thus “the sword pierces our own souls also.” JB@“Thcre is a war of races in Canade. The journals of that country are dis cussing the respective power and right of the two classes of people, French and English, of which the population is com posed. From the discussion it appears that the Anglo-Saxon population is 127- 000, while the French population is 850,- 000. Victim op Intemperance.— The fiend of the bottle is gleaning a great harvest. His victims are taken from all walks of life, for broad is the drunkard’s road to destruction. A few years ago Edward S. Terry, of New York, was a lawyer of eminence and ability, moving in good society, and at one time law partner of the famous Charles O’Conner, of New York Bar. Terry tarried at the wine cup, and a few days ago was found dead at a low drinking house, another sacri fice to the inordinate use of ardent spirits. Prisoners at Camp Douglas, in Chicago. —There are now about 3,- 800 rebel prisoners at Camp Douglas, all that can be furnished with accommo dations at present. Asa general'thing they are very poorly clad, a good many of them are sick, and they comprise all ages, sizes, and numerous nationalities. No one is admitted to sec them, without they have actual business in the camp. THE REGIMENTS IN CAMP. The prisoners are principally privates from the following regiments ; Ist, Bth Ifith and 25th Tennessee; 10th Texas ; 15th Texas dismounted cavalry; 18th Texas dismounted cavalry; 17th dodo; 25th Texas infantry; 24th do. do ; Hart’s Arkansas battery ; Texas Spy company ; 6th Texas cavalry ; Red River Rangers of Louisiana; Deshay Rangers; 21st Texas infantry; 19th Arkansas; 24th Arkansas; Arhansas Sappers and Mi ners ; Ist, 4th, and 23rd Florida. Some of the men have been shifted so often they hardly know where they belong. A FATHER FINDS lIIS SON, A REBEL. A gentleman from Milwaukee, with his daughter, visited the camp on Friday, but could not gain admittance. Through the gateway, much to his astonishment, he espied his son. in ragged butternut uniform, so disguised, he could scarcely believe it was his son. The boy had left his home in Wisconsin, for the South, five years ago, and enlisted in Arkansas, The father told his boy, (now probably twenty-three years of age) that he had a "ood home for him, and good food and clothes —a plenty of everything, if he would take the oath of allegiance and coxae home. If not, that he must never call him “father.’’ The boy will take the oath, the first opportunity. NO. 23.