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CROSBY & CO.
Publishers and Proprietors. VOL. 2. THE CHRONICLE. ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY CROSBY & CO,, R. CROSBY. . W. J. WR3GGLESWORTH. , PUBLISH CBS ANX> PROPRIETORS. TOWN HALL, DODGEV3LLE, IOWA COUNTY, WIS. terms, 1 OOATEAR IK iDVANOtSI,2SIF PAID IN THREE MONTHS, i ’ 81,50 IE RAID AT THEEND OF THE TEAR. Clubbing. —A discount of ten per cent, will be al- , owed where clnhs of ten or twenty are formed. BATES OF ADVERTISING. Twelve lines, compact matter, or its equivalent in space, make, one square. > - ~ s sI = 3 * *. 3 § S o V o*o£s c j o 2 % ft f I £ £I g .* 1 square, 75 1,25 2 3 4 fi S *2 “ 1 .25! 1.75 " 34K 6 8 13 3 • * i‘,so| 2,50 4 6 8 10 15 column 2,00| 3,60 5 _8 % v .. 4, oj ISi7,< 9' 12 14 1R 20 ~ r, g700TT3,00 r 16 18 22 29 45 Business Cards, one year, one dollar a line for the first live lines, and fifty cents for each additional line. Yearly Advertisers are allowed the privilege of chang ing quarterly. . Siiecial Notices, leaded and kept inside, fifty per cent, advance on usual rates. $ business Carts. BURRAIiIji M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Dodgeville, lowa County, Wisconsin. [nl-yl.] J. H- CLARY, A TTORNEY AT LAW, Mineral Point, Wis. Of- A lice in Thomas’ Stone Block. [nl-yl] WHITNEY SMITH. fTAANNEB AND CURRIER, Mineral Point, Win. L Leather of all kinds, also Hair for Plastering, al ways on hand, cheap for cash. Job Work done at short notice and on moderate terms. [n2C-tfj s. W- REESE. VTTORNKY AT LAW. Land and Collecting Agent. Dodgeville, lowa County, Wis. Particular at tention given to collecting and agencies,and payment of taxes in lowa County. Office in the Post Office Build ing. __ [ nl -y'J L. M. STRONG, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Notary Public, Land and Collecting Agent, Dodgeville, Wis. Particular attention given to the settlement of estates in the Cos ,nty Court. Office in Court House. [Up Stairs.] niS-yl ~~ SOLDIERS CLAIM AGENCY. DODGEVILLE, WIS. Clollects hack pay for discharged Soldiers, Bounty j .Money and hack pay for heir* of deceased Soldiers. Pension certificates procured, Bounty claims settled at prices establised by Law. n4-ly SAMUEL W. REESE, Att’y SCIIALL’S HOUSE. NO. 207 k 20! 1 Uaiidolpli Street, Chicago Illinois. This bouse is centrally located, in tile business part of the efty, near the Post Office, the Court House, and all the principle Kail Road Depots. The accom modations are good, and cheaper than most of the Hotels in this vicinity. fn4l-tf] (j()J ESTURN loTEI*. DODGEVILLE, - - - Vi IS. THE undersigned would respectfully ask a share of the public patronage. His table III? wilt always lie furnished in good taste and hi* r,)iu,is ltr( ‘ 'urge and airy, and in every iKSmet iMfll h n 11 1 in 1 tit the intention will he to consult tl.. comfort ami wishes of his patrons. Good stables and attentive ostler# always lit readiness. B lardvrs by the day or week furnished with all nec essary conveniences and at reasonable rates. Stages leave thii house dally, north and south ■ll.ly JOHN R. ROBERTS. WISCONSIN HOUSE. JOSEPH HOCKING, Proprietor, THIS Hotel is a large stone building, well JppKL. furnished to accommodate the travelling 1 public. Tiie table will Im supplied with lllHWall tiie dehcacies the market affords, served j up in good style. Boarders by the day ou week, furnished with all necessary conven veniesccs at reasonable rates. The Proprietor returns thanks to the public for the patronage heretofore extend ed to him, and respecsfully requests a continuance of the same. Good stabling attached, and an attentive hostler always on hand. n2B-ly.* MASONIC. REGULAR MEETINGS of Dodgeville Lodge, No 110 of A. F. A A. M, on the first and third Fri day evenings of each month, at their Hall on lowa treet. Transient brethren visiting Dodgeville, are ordialty invited to attend. Henry Dpsstax, Scc’y. To widow’s tears to orphans' cry. All wants our ready hands supply. So far as power is given ; The naked clothe, the prisoner free,— Such are the deeds sweet masonry Revealed to us from heaven. I To'OF GT. A MIOITI A LODGE, No. 161, Independent Order of r\ Good Templars, meets every Monday evening in K. Thomas' Hall, at "V* o'clock. Me miters of tliis order visiting this Village are cordially Invited to meet VHU . I M 'STRONG, W, 0, T. JOHN Ml. UtU., a. Jt, L. M. STRONG. Broker, (LICENSED DV THE U. S. GOVERNMENT.) Sells Real Estate. Pays Taxes in all Parts of t he State. Takes charge of Lease, and Collects Rents fop Im proved and unimproved Proper)y. * Buys & Sells Bonds, Mortgages, Notes, &c., &c. 4LBQ S yLDiEXis’ Claim Agek t. Collects had- pay for Discharged Soldiers , gqgr*Back pay for Heirs of deceased Sol diers, Pension Certificates procured, at prices established by Lav,*. Office in the Court House,. Dodgeville, low* County Wtrvmaiu. Readmg One’s Own Obituary. In the days of Old My calf, the pub lisher of the Newberryport Herald (a journal still alive and active,) the sheriff of old Essex, Philip Bagley, had been asked several times to pay his arrears of subscription. At last one day he told Metcalf that he certainly would hand over the next morning as sure as he lived. “If you don’t get your mon ey to-morrow you may be sure I am dead,” said he. The morrow came and passed, but no money. Judge of the Sheriff’s feelings, when on the morning of the day after, he opened his Herald. and saw announced the lamented de cease of Philip Bagley, Esq., High Sheriff of the county of Essex, with an obituary notice attached, giving the de ceased credit for a good many excellent traits of character, but adding that he had one fault very much to be deplor ed ; he was not punctual in paying the printer. Bagley, without waiting for breakfast, started for the Herald office. On the way it struck him as singular that none of the many friends and ac quaintances he met seemed to be sur prised to see him. They must have read their morning paper. Was it pos sible they cared so little about him as to have forgotten already that he was no more? Full of perturbation, he entered the printing office, to deny that he was dead in propria persona. “Why, sheriff,” exclaimed the facet ious editor, “I thought you were de funct.” “Defunct,” exclaimed the sheriff, “what put that into your head?” “Why, you, yourself,” said calf, “Did you not tell me” — “Oh !ah ! yes !” stammered out the sheriff. “Well, there’s your money.— And now contradict the report in the next paper, if you please,” “That’s not necessary, friend Bagley,” said the old joker; “itwas only printed in your copy !” The good sheriff lived many years after this “sell,” and to the day of his real death, always took good care to pay the printer. The English Language. The words of the English Language are a compound of several foreign lan guages. The English Language may be looked upon as a complication, both in words and expressions, of various dialects. Their origin is from the Sax on language. Our laws were derived from the Norman, our military terms from the French, our scientific names from the Greek, and our stock of nouns from the Latin, through the medium of the French. Almost all the verbs in the English language are taken from the German, and nearly every noun or ad jective is taken from other dialects. The English language is composed of 15,- 731 words —of 3.732 are from the Latin, 4,321 from the French, 1,665 from the Saxon, 1,669 from the Greek, 601 from the Dutch, 211 from the Italian, 106 from the German, (not including verbs) 90 from the Welsh, 75 from the Danish, 55 from the Spanish, 50 from the Ice landic, 31 from the Sweedish, 41 from the Gothic, 16 from the Hebrew, 15 from the Teutonic, and the remainder from the Irish, Scotch, Arabic, Syriac, Tukish, Portugeese, and other lan guages. Down East Clam Bake. A correspondent of the Chicago Jour nal gives the following description of the mammoth clam bake on one of the is lands in Portland harbor, giving in hon or of the Chicago Board of Trade ex cursionists : “Upon the ground, in a space of eight feet in width by forty five in length, were placed smooth, round stones, about the size of a person's head, and not very near together. Upon these, early in the morning, had been kindled a fire of three cords of wood. This had burned down to a coal, and the stones were hiss ing hot. Over these are placed a six inch layer of rock weed, just from the water, and dripping wet. Then on the top of this was placed sixty bushels of soft shelled clams, ten bushels of oysters, pne hundred lobsters, sixty dozen of Pggs, one hundred pounds of codfish, three barrels of potatoes, and three bar rels of green corn. A sail was then laid over the whole, and about six inches of rockweed was placed on top of it. Then the steam began to come through in a dense, continuous volume. After three-quarters of an hour, the sail was rolled back sidewise, and there was the whole ‘bake’ cooked admirably, and as clean as could be. And now the fun commenced ; each one running with a plate to dip into the winrow of clams, piping hot, the steam coming up in a great volume, and hiding those o.i the opposite side of the pile from view.— Some darted into the hot fog and came out with a plate of clams, others with a .single oyster, another with corn, another with potatoes and a lobster." A REPUBLICAN AND FAMILY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLE. DODGEVILLE, WISCONSIN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1863. War and Education. While war is abroad in the land, com pelling us to the most gigantic endeavors in defiance of our national existance, it may seem idle, if not even unpatriotic, to expect any large measures of serious attention to the ordinary affairs of the schools. A mandate of Divine Provi dence has ordered us to the front rank of contending nations, and engaged us in a conflict which aborsorbs into its own terrible channels almost the entire currents of our industries and our ideas. A generation thus called u.pon to strug gle for its life and liberties, might well' be excused if forgetful, for a time, of the generation coming after it. But the grand march of humanity stops not in its course even for war. — From the cradle to the coffin, the crowd ing columns move on with lockstep through the successive stages of life. Children connot halt in its progress for returning peace to afford leisure for edu cation. On into the years—to man hood, to citizenship, to destiny—it rush es, whether learning lights its path and guides its steps or ignorance involves it in error and conducts it headlong into vice. And if in peace the school is needful to rear our children to an intel ligent and virtuous manhood, how much greater the need in war, which with its inseparable barbarisms, is drifting the nation from its onward course of peace ful civilization back to the old realms of darkness and of brute force. The high and heroic aims of this con flict will doubtless mitigate the evils which necessarily attend an appeal to arms. To say nothing of the physical health and prowess that camp life and military disipline will develope, the love of country and love of liberty will rise again from mere holiday sentiments to the grandure and power of national i passions, and the Union, made doubly precious by the blood which its main tenance will cost, will attain a strength which no mortal force can shake or dis troy. History will grow heroic again, and humanity itself will be inspired and glorified by this fresh vindication of its God-given rights and duties in this in carnation and triumph of the principles of constitutional and republican liberty. The too absorbing love of money which has hitherto characterized us, has loos ened, somewhat, its clutch, and been won to acts of genuine benevolence, at the sight of an imperiled country ; and the fiery demon of party sinks away abashed before the roused patriotism which lays life itself on the altar of lib erty. But with all this the barbarisms of war are too palpable and terrific to be forgotten or disregarded, and the wise and patriotic statesman will find in them a more urgent reason for fostering those civilizing agencies which nourish the growing intelligence and virtue of the civilized people. Against the ideas and vices engendered in the camps, and amidst the battle-fields, we must raise still higher the bulwarks of virtuous habits and beliefs, in the children yet at home. Y e shall need the utmost stretch of home and school influence to save society and the State from the ter rible domination of military ideas and military forces, always so dangerous to civil liberty and free government.— Hon. J. M, Gregory, Michigan School Report. Gaining Strength We believe we have “got hold” of an original anecdote that was never printed before. A student in one of our State colleges was charged by the Faculty with having had a barrel of ale deposited in his room, contrary, of course, to rule and usage. He received a summons to appear before the President, who said ; “Sir, I am informed that you have a barrel of ale in your room.” “Yes, Sir.” “Well, what explanation can you make ?” hy, the fact is, Sir, my physician advised me to try a little ale each day. as a tonic, and not wishing to stop at the various places where this beverage is retailed, I concluded to have a barrel taken to my room.” “Indeed ! And have you derived any benefit from it?” "Ah! yes, Sir. When the barrel was first taken to my room, two weeks since, I could scarcely lift it. Mow I can carry it with the greatest case” A poser:— A travelling tinker was one day expatiating rather largely, in the bar-room of a country tavern, upon his skill in supplying all kinds of dam aged drinking vessels with cheap han dles, warranting to make them far more durable and ornamental than the origi nal appendages, when he was suddenly nonplussed by a war battered old pen sioner, who, poking his scarred and noseless physiognomy over the counter, bluntly inquired, “What would it cost to fix anew handle ou my mug ? ’ Things Surprising to a Foreigner. Mr. Harris, of the G-enesse Farmer , says that when he first came from Eng land to this country many th ngs sur prised him: “I was surprised at the excellence of American beef and the inferiority of American mutton, and I was not surprised that the beef sold for half as much more as the mutton, while in London, mutton was worth a cent a pound more than beef. I was surprised that farmers paid so little attention to their gardens. I was surprised to find so many farmers, with large, handsome houses and elegantly furnished parlors which they seldom used. In England at that time, we had a window tax, and the houses had but few windows. One of the first things that struck me was the number of windows in American houses, and the great effort that was made to shut them up and exclude the glorious American sunshine and the in vigorating American atmosphere. I was surprised that everywhere I went, the people thought that particular spot the most fertile, the healthiest, and the best place on the whole Continent. I was surprised, nevertheless, that every body was willing to sell. I was sur prised at the excellence of wheat and the inferiority of hurley. I was sur prised to see the farmers so rough look ing, and yet so intelligent. I was sur prised to see the country ladies so much better looking than the men, and with al so interesting and fascinating. I was surprised that farmers sowed but one kind of grass-seed, and that they paid so little attention to their perma nent meadows, I was surprised to see them plow so wide, and still more sur prised that under the influence of our cold winters, and dry, hot summers, these wide furrows tumbled all to pieces and formed, after all, a very fair seed bed. I was surprised that fanners rais ed so few peas and beans, and thought so lightly of clover-hay, I was sur prised that farmers could make a living from crops of wheat of from ten to twelve bushels per acre. I was sur prised to hear rotten straw called man ure. I was surprised at many other things—at the great net-work of rail roads—at the magnificiont rivers and lakes—at the marvelous rapidity with which the country was settled, 'and the enterprise and practical intelligence which has accomplished such astonish ing results in so short a time. Cause of Inferior Stock. Some formers sell or slaughter their best stock of mares, cows, ewes or sows, and thus cut off all hopes of any im provement at one blow. Does a heifer show a disposition to fatten easily?— She is encouraged to feed until fat, and is thus sold and oaten, while her fellows, who belong to the same breed with Pharoah’s lean kine, are kept for milk or rearing calves, because they arc not and cannot be made fat for the butcher. Has a farmer a sow pig which becomes fat upon the feed on which the rest of the pigs are starving! He gives her over to the butcher’s knife, and propa gates from “land shads” and corn cribs. Has ho a fine, round, bright-eyed ewe ? She will be fat about the time his half-fillod pork barrels arc empty, and she is stripped of her fair skin and fair proportions simply because she is worth the trouble of killing ; and thus many or our farmers perpetuate a breed of cattle that are a disgrace to the coun try. They seem uneasy while they pos sess an animal that will draw the atten tion of their neighbor or the butchers, and woo be to it if it puts on a better appearance than its fellows, for from that time its doom is sealed. To improve the breed of animals, it is by no means necessary to incur great expense in bringing animals from a dis tance. If a farmer will mount bis horse and ride across the country some fine day, and view the live stock of his neighbors, be will soon perceive that there are abundant means of better ing his circumstances by cross or ex change, at a slight cost, and he by this plan is improving his judgment by com parison, and hording up experience for a future day that will be of more val ue to him than the expense of so many excursions; improvements once begun and persisted in for a short time will produce such a corresponding improve ment in mind and circumstances of the farmer as will insure its continuation, and richly reward all his labor and out lay. Many of our farmers destroy the hope of improving their stock by a system of false economy in the selection of the males from which they breed theirstoek: many do not keep a male from which to breed their horses or horned stock, nor is it necessary, as one will do for a neighborhood ; but this one should be the best and in order to keep a good one. a good price must and should be charg ed for his services.— Exchange. Hope. Hope is youth’s guiding star and the solace of the aged. In all ages, under all circumstances, the rainbow of hope, variegated with a thousand hues, is lent to cheer the disconsolate, and encourage the care-worn and weary. Often when oppressed with the cares and turmoils of the present, have we looked forward to the future in hope of finding some bright spot where we may sit down, and fold our arms in peaceful repose. I have seen a youth buoyant with hope and filled with brilliant imagina tions, start on life’s journey. With bold ness he steps forth into the vast arena, looks around him and beholds many be wildering objects. lie is perplexed, and knows not which of these to choose as the goal of his ambition. He at length determines to pursue the first object that meets his gaze. He starts with his whole mind intent on gaining the imag ined prize. On ho goes, regardless of the consequences, or the path before him, until he plunges into the whirlpool of pleasure, and is lost in the giddy mazes. We again behold him, as he emerges from the misty vapor, still in pursuit of the object of his choice. He has gained it, but finds a bubble, an empty bubble, lie cries in the vexation of Lis spirit. “Vanity, vanity, all is vanity.” But Hope, with her cheerful voice, bids him look around, and away, fur away, in the thin distance ho beholds the shining tinsels. Again he starts in pursuit, gains it, she stretches forth his hand to grasp the phantom, but it crumbles beneath his touch, he sits down in despair, his star of hope is set. But hark ! he hears a voice low, and plaint ive, “Come unto me all ye that are wea ry and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest.” “Me !” he exclaimed, “may I come; poor, deluded sinner, may I conic ?” Yes, “the spirit and the bride say come. Let him that is athirst come, and whosoever will, let him come, and take of the water of life freely.” He starts, runs, and leaps for joy, and there at the feet of the Saviour lie finds the “pearl of great price.” He now starts anew on his journey, treads the down-hill of life with a firm but cautious tread, and is happy in the belief “that when this earthly tabernacle of clay be dissolved, he hath a home not built with hands eternal in the heavens.” —Daily life. Even-Handed Justice. A pleasant country village in Ohio some years since possessed that which is often denied to places of more conse quence—a court which really dispensed justice. Its chief was a justice of the peace, whose common sense and honesty of purpose counterbalanced his want of legal lore; and in consequence of its straightforward decisions the “Dutch Court,” as it was commonly called, be came a great terror to evil-doers. Once upon a time a ease was brought before his honor arising out of an infrac tion of the “liquor law” of the state which then provided for the punishment by fine of any individual who sold in toxicating beverages to persons under sixteen years of age, or by a less quan tity than a quart. Upon one of those grand occasions when a “general muster” of the militia gave delight to numerous officers in gay uniforms, and to large masses of the good people of the coun try, an unlucky wight sought to avail himself of the “glorious” opportunity to turn an honest penny. Providing himself with a small lot of ginger cakes and a disproportionately large quantity of “lightning whiskey,” he located upon an eligible site near the field. Know ing the penalty of the law against his little enterprise, the vender of the “ar dent” hit upon the happy expedient to evade its provisions, of selling to his customers a ginger cake and then throw ing a drink into the bargain. Justice was not so blind as to fail to notice “this artful dodge,” and the next morning found the delinquent citizen in the very jaws of the “Dutch Court,” — I he testimony was short and conclusive, to the effect that he had sold a boy a cake and then had given him a “horn and the defendant’s lawyer put in the defense that his client sold, on the oc casion under consideration, not liquor but ginger cakes, well knowing at the same time that salt wo’dn’t save him.— As he anticipated, the court pronounced a verdict of guilty, but. to the surprise of the defence, put at fifteen dollars in stead of the legal penalty of five. ®?i^ln the illness of Coleman, the doctor being late in his appointment, apologized to bis patient, saying that he had been called to see a man who had fallen down a well. “Did he kick the bucket, doctor?” Scandal is a visitor who never calls without bringing her work with her. Term* • J one dollar P er year XCiiiid 10 • ■* • 1 ( ii paid in advance. About Cloves. Cloves are produced by a tree which is a native of ‘he Molucca Island, and were, like nutmegs, a long time under the exclusive control of the Dutch Gov ernment, which for many years would not allow the tree to grow upon any except the island of Amboyus, whence the highest priced cloves come from. — The tree is from fifteen to thirty feet high, with largq aromatic leaves and hunches of very fragrant flowers. The spice is the unopened flewer-buds, which are beaten off by means of rods, and then dried. The little ball at the top of the clove is the unexpanded petals ; by softening the clove in hot water these can be carefully laid open by means of a pin. The main portion of the clove is what would be the fruit if it was allowed to go on and riped. Our word clove comes from the French cloio, a nail that being the name by which the French call them on account of their resemblance to a little nail. They con tain a good deal of volatile oil, upon which their value depends. The oil is sometimes extracted in part, and the clovos afterwards sold. These can be told by their lighter color, and by hav ing the buttons or rounded portions broken off. Cloves readily absorb considerable amount of moisture, audit is the custom of large dealers to keep, them in rather a damp place, in order to make them weigh heavily and look fresh and plump. It is bad economy to buy cloves or any other spice in the ground state, as, aside from adulteration, the oil is absorbed by the paper in which they are put. i A Man with too Much Wife. Chapman, a witty lawyer of Hartford, was busy with a case at which a lady was present, with whom he had already had something to do as a witness. Her husdand was present —a diminu tive, meek, forbearing sort of a man— who, in the language of Mr. Chapmen, “looked like a rooster just fished out of a swill barrelwhile the lady was a large portly woman, evidently the “bet tor horse.” As on the former occasion, she “balked” on the cross examination. The lawyer was pressing the question with urgency, when she said, with vin dictive fire flashing in her eyes : “Mr. Chapman, you needn’t think you can catch me ; you’ve tried that once before !” Putting on bis most quizzical expres sion, Mr. Chapman replied : “Madam, I hav’nttheslightest desiro to catch you ; and your husband looks to me as if he was sorry he had !” The husband faintly smiled assent* Asking for a Pass. The Buffalo Courier tells the follow-- ing anecdote of a prominent railroad gentleman, who is equally renowned for his ability to take and make a joke. A railroad employee, whose house is in Avon, came on Saturday night to ask for a pass to visit his family. “You are in employ of the railroad? 1 * inquired the gentleman alluded to. “Yes.” ‘A ou receive your pay regularly ?'* “Yes.” ell. Now suppose you were work ing for a farmer instead of a railroad, would you expect your employer to bitch up bis team every Saturday night and carry you home ?’* r i his seemed a poser, but it wasn't “No,” said the man promptly. *‘l wouldn’t expect that; but if the farmer had his team hitched up, and was going my way, I should call him a darned moan cuss if he would not let me ride." Mr. Employee came out three minutes alter with a pass, good for twelve months. (Served him right!) How Bn aye Men Suffer and Die, —ln his report of the Chickamauga bat tles, B. F. Taylor records the following solemn yet creditable fact: “If anybody thinks that when our men are stricken upon the field they fill the air with criei and groans, till it shivers wbh such evi dences of agony, he greatly errs. An arm is shattered, a leg carried away, a bullet pierces the breast, and the soldier sinks down sihntly upon the ground, or creeps away, if he can, without a murmur or complaint; falls as the sparrow falls, speechlessly, and like that sparrow, I ear nestly believe, falls not without a Father. The dying horse gives out his fearful ut terance of almost human suffering, but the mangled rider is dumb. The crash of musketry, the crack of rifles, the roar of guns, the shrieks of shells, the rebel whoop, the Federal cheer, and that inde scribable under tone of grinding, rumb ling, splintering sound, make up the* voices of the battle field.” A Western paper says that “the differ ence between a Copperhead and a rebel rarn is, that one goes for the Union with an if the other goes against the Union with a hyr*” NO. 11.