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FONIAINE BROS., Editors and Publishers.
VOL XXIII. THE NEWS BUDGET. A Summary ot Events During the Past Week. Latest Events. One hundred and seventy-five men are now at work on the Washington monu ment. Dr. Tanner’s first lecture was delivered in Booth’s theatre. New York, on the 11th inst., to about one hundred people, A severe drouth prevails in all parts of Vermont, and manufacturers have in many cases been compelled to suspend for want of water. A Chicago dog died of hydrophobia, near Hinsdale, the other day. Several horses in the same neighborhood have since died with similar symptoms. The oldest building in Bt. Louis —a structure once occupied by the Spanish governor-—is to be torn down this week, to make room for a neighboring packing- j house. Land-leaguers in Galway, Ireland, dug a grave in the door-yard of a cottage from which a family had been evicted, and left a note stating that the first man who leased the place would be buried in it. Mrs. Hutchinson has sued President McGlumphy, of the Lincoln, 111., univer sity, for slander, placing her damages at *2,(KK). She undertook to keep a students’ boarding-house, bnt the president turned the boys away from her by speaking dis paragingly of her virtue. An unsuccessful attempt by many school directors at Pittsburg, Pa., to establish separate schools for the colored children, causes iniense indignation among the ne groes of that city and Alleghany, many of waom now threaten to vote the democratic ticket. A meeting of manufacturers, was held in the board of trade rooms at Fall Kiver, Mass., at which a committee was appoint ed to consider the reduction of wages in view of the present low price of print cloths. The probable result will be a re duction of 10 per cent W. K. Gilchrist, of Lincoln, HI., recent ly led a beautiful young lady to the altar. .Vlrs. Sarah E. Parker, a widow, will now lead him to the circuit court, where she has lodged a complaint against him for breach of promise. Only seventeen of the men who assisted in the defense of Baltimore in the war of ISI2 survive. Nine of these were conveyed in carriages to church, on the 12th inst., to listen to the anniversary sermon. San Francisco society is deeply inter ested in a well-authenticated report that Miss Flood, to whom U, S. Grant, Jr., fam iliarly known as “Buck,” was engage 1. has jilted the young man. It seems that he appeared in public with a girl described as “not over nice.” and when Miss Flood heard of it she terminated the engage ment in short order. The properly loss to young Grant is something like $2,500,- 000. The Denver Tribune Santa Fe special says Alexander Lebain was the stage driv er killed on the eve of the Oth 10 miles from Fort Cummings. The two passengers killed are Isaac Roberts, of New York, and K. S. Madden, of Fort Bowie. The pursuing troops overtook the Indians on the afternoon of the 7th and had a short tight in which one soldier and two Indian scouts were killed and two soldiers serious ly wounded. The Indian casualties are not known, and it is doubtful if they can be overtaken. A dispatch from Calistoga, California, says; “Great excitement has been aroused in this vicinity for the past two weeks over a report that the Hot Springs held large quantities of gold in solution. A man who recently bought the Hot Springs hotel property has been at work for the past two weeks extracting gold from the water, by a process known only by himself, t Hearings up to yesterday afternoon showed that he has succeeded in extracting $1,0(50 from ten barrels of water. The gold is of the highest grade of fineness, and as the spring’s volume of water is exceedingly large, it vould be useless to attempt to es timate tlie value if they continue to yield #s rich returns as the experiments have proved thus far.” Criminal. W. 11. Greenwood, a celebrated Ameri can railroad engineer, has been murdered by unknown persons near the city of Mexico. A NOTOKiors darky named Lewis Butler was knocked in the head in the rear of a saloon, in Chicago, on the 14th inst., and taken to his home in Victoria alley' in sensible, where he died the next day. He <1 id not regain consciousness, and was therefore unable to tell who struck him. He leaves a white wife. Accidents. The Simpson knitting factory at Toron to, Can., burned on the Bth inst. Loss heavy. The flouring mill, blacksmith shop and nostoffico, at Douglass Centre, Wis., burned. Loss, ;?7,O(X>; no insurance. The property belonged to Blooms A Son. By an explosion of a boiler of a mill on the lower Bergs place, near Concordia, M iss., Win. Bole was killed and four ne groes probably fatally scalded. Frost froze the cranberries quite severe ly, in Berlin, Wis., on the 10th inst. On Jacket’s marsh, one-fourth, it is estimated, were frost-bitten, and some other marshes were even worse affected. I he forest fires in eastern Quebec have not yet burned themselves out, but there is no longer any danger to human life. An area thirty miles long bv fifteen miles broad has been laid waste. IHE coast of Florida is piled high with wrecks. Some of the ill-fated vessels are so thoroughly destroyed that they can not lie recognized. The' loss of life has boen very great. SiLas Richardson, of Waukesha, died at the residence of Georke Gernon, in Madison, Mis., on the 11th inst. His death was caused by his blowing out the gas in his room. lie was not discovered until this morning. Dennis*. Conley, a farm hand, was as sisting in running a thrashing machine at Monito 111. He stepped on the platform, when his feet slipped, throwing one of his legs in the cylinder of the same, crushing the bones and tearing the flesh into shreds before the machine could be stopped. The captain and fireman of the tug Je rome, at Grand Haven, Mich., went to •deep, the one in the pilot-house and the other in the engine-room. After a while the boiler exploded, but, although the vea sei was literally demolished, fragments of it being throwui a distance of three him dred feet, and the captain dumped out on the dock all in a heap, neither of the men received serious injuries. Tice coroner held an'inquest, on the 14th inst., upon the body of Samuel Hossler, a well-to-do farmer residing at Leo, in Allen county Indiana. Hossler, while returning from the fair in that city, was precipitat ed from his wagon and his neck broken, intant death ensuing. The investigation showed that the deceased was intoxicated, and that, his horses starting suddenly, Hossler was thrown to the earth, alighting upon his head. A verdict was rendered in accordance with the above facts. Cablegrams. Disturbances throughout Armenia are threatening to assume the proportions of an insurrection. A dispatch from India, believed to have been inspired by the marquis, of Rlpon, viceroy, says that England must now settle the Candahar question without delay. The place must be annexed, given to the ameer of Afghanistan, or made an independent state. Ripon favors relin quishing it in favor of Abdurrahman. Deeply impressed with the gravity of the present situation of affairs and the urgency of measures to be taken to restore tranquility to his empire, the sultan has dismissed Cadri Pasha, prime minister, and appointed Said Pasha his successor. An explosion occurred on the 9th inst. at the Teaham colliery, near Durnam, England. Both shafts were blocked, though half a mile apart. One hundred and eighty workmen were in the pit and perished before they could be rescued. The scenes contiguous to the accident beg gar all description anil are of the most harrowing detail. The explosion in the Seaham mine makes seventy-six widows and 284 orphans. A large majority of the victims were sin gle men. At two o’clock on the morning of the 13th inst. the first of the victims of the disaster were brought up from the mines. Before all the bodies could be re moved the lire again broke out, and was not extinguished until seven. One hun dred and thirty men is the lowest estimate of the dead, and it is estimated that there were 400 horses and ponies in the mine. The bodies of twelve men brought up are frightfully disfigured. There are eleven more bodies near the pit-shaft. It will be some time before the other bodies can be recovered, and some may never be found, as they are buried under the debris of the explosion. Another lire has begun in No. 3 shaft, at the ventilating furnace. This will delay exploration. From the latest list published it appears that 102 men and boys are missing. The latest official state ment places the number of killed at 147. A broken Davy safety lamp has been brought up from the main seam, and it is believed throws some light upon the origin of the disaster. Parliament was prorogued on the Btb inst: Following was her Majesty’s speech, I r< ad by tlie Royal commissioner: Mv Lords and Gentleman: It is with satis faction 1 find myself at length enabled to release you from your arduous labors. I continue to re ceive assurance of the most friendly character from all foreign powers. The failure of the sublime porte to execute according to its engagement, the plan agreed upon in April last for a determination of the Ottoman frontier lying towards Montenegro has caused un fortunate delays in the settlement of that ques tion, and the treaty of Berlin has not yet taken effect in other points of importance which remain ed open at the commencement of the session. The governments which were parties to that treaty have communicated to the sultan their judgment on the means of bringing to a satisfactory settle ment the Greek and Montenegrin frontier ques tion, on the administrative organization of the European provinces of Turkey, and on the prin cipal reforms required in the Asiatic provinces in habited by Armenians for the attainment of the objects in view. I continue to place reliance on the fact that the concert of Europe has been steadily maintained in regard to the eastern ques tion. and that the powers who signed the treaty of Berlin are pressing upon the sublime porte with all the authority which belongs to their united action the measures which in their belief are best calculat ed to insure tranquility in the east. I have not been unmindful during the few months which have elapsed since I last addressed you of the consid erations which I have stated would guide my pol icy on the northwestern frontier of my Indian em pire. Measures have already been taken for the complete military evacuation of northern Afghan istan, and some progress has been made towards the pacification and settlement of the country. A renewal of hostilities by the Afghans undcM Ayoob Khan has rendered*necessary further military op erations in southern Afghanistan. Political Points. Phil Cook lias been nominated for con gress by the democrats of the third district of Georgia. The republicans of the fifth district of New Jersey have nominated John 11511 for congress. The democrats of the second Kentucky district have nominated James McKenzie for re-election to congress. The democrats of the Fifth district of Missonri'have renominated R. P. Bland for congress. The greenbackers of the second Michi gan district have nominated Frederick T. Chester for congress. General Edwin S. Bragg has been re nominated for congress by the democrats of the fifth congressional district of Wis consin. The democrats of the sixth congression al district of Wisconsin have renominated Gabe Bouck, of Oshkosh, for congress. The democrats of the third district of Minnesota have nominated General Sibley for congress. The republicans of the Third congres sional district of New Hampshire have nominated Kvarts W. Farr for congress. The republicans of the Twenty-sixth district, of New York, have renominated John H. Camp for congress. Rufus K. Garland, greenbacker, and brother to United States Senator Garland, has annouced himself a candidate for con gress in the Second district of Arkansas. M. H. Moore, of Dubuque, has been nominated for congress by the greenback ers of the Third congressional district of lowa. The republicans of the third district of Kentucky have nominated M. T. Flipper, of Monroe county, for congress. The republicans of the twenty-fourth district of New York have nominated Joseph Mason for congress. The greenbackers of the fifth district ot Wisconsin have nominated John F. Thomas, of Sheboygan Falls, Sheboygan county, as candidate for congress. The republicans of New Hampshire have nominated Hon. Charles H. Bell for governor. Following is the rest of the ticket: railroad commissioners, James E. French, Charles A. Smith and E. J. Ten ney; presidential electors, Nathaniel M bite and E* H. Winchester. The democrats of the first district of Maryland have nominated George W. Cov ington, and the republicans of the sixth dis | trict have nominated Milton G. Urner, for congress. | John H. Regan has been nominated for Oevoted to Politics, Agriculture, News, Local Information, and the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. GRAND RAPIDS, WIS., THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 16,1880. congress by the democrats of the firs' con gressional district of Texas. The demo crats of the second district have nominated D. B. Culberson. The Delaware republicans have nomin ated Hon. John M. Houston for congress, and Henry Dupont, D. P. Barnhard and John D. Rodney for presidential electors. The republicans of the fourth congres sional district of Illinois renominated Hon. John C. Sherwln, of Kane county, for congress, and Samuel Alden, of Mc- Henry county, for member of the state board of equalization. Congressman Horr, of Michigan, re nominated for congress August 3, has placed his resignation in the hands of the republican committee of his district, the eighth. The lowa democrats have put the fol lowing ticket in the field: For secretary of state, A. B. Keith, treasurer, Martin Blim, auditor; C. A. Barker, attorney general, C. A. Clarke, land register, D. j Daugherty, electors —first district, J. D. I M. Hamilton, second district, G. L. Jack son, third district, L. K. Fellows, fourth district, C. C. Whaler, fifth district. L. B. Patterson, sixth district, J. 11. Stuben rauch, seventh district, S. J. Gilpin, eight district, AV. H. Howe, ninth district, John B. Allison, at large, J. A. O. Yeo man, andJ. H. Murphy. From tlie Capital. General Dnot-savs there are no charges against Lieutenant Howgate. There is a good deal of jealousy of this capable officer, besides what was bequeathed to him by the late General Myer. Commissioner Le Duck telegraps from Fort Lyon, Col., that he has decided to construct one of the two experimental artesian wells authorized by congress at that place. The appropriation for the purpose is SIO,OOO. The object of the well Is the fertilization of the arid lands. The court-martial which was conveyed to try Ossian Aldrich, the much-married sergeant of the signal service, for deser tion, finished up its work in short order. If the verdict is conviction, Aldricii will have to go to the Fort Leavenworth mili tary prison for three or five years. If ac quitted. lie will fall into the hands of Miss, Alma Hooper, sister of one of his victims, who has vowed vengeance upon him. It is estimated that the amount of gold and silver coin now in this country aggre gates $570,418,914, which, with a paper circulation of $700,000,000, makes the total circulating medium of the country $1,270,418,914. This, estimating the pop ulation at 50,000,000, gives a specie circu lation of $11.44 per capita, and of paper $14.05, making a total circulation of $25.49 per capita. From the most reliable data obtainable it appears that only Great Britain and France now possess a greater gold circulation than the United States. Gen. Benet, chief of ordnance, in his annual report will devote considerable space to a discussion of the militia bill re ported to the house at the last session of congress. The reports will shw the prin cipal operations of the ordnance depart ment during the fiscal year ended June 30 last, inclnding the amount appropriated by congress for that year, and the manner in which it was spent. From the latest returns compiled at the office of the ad jutant general of the United States army, the aggregate organized strength of the militia in the different states and territories is as follows: General officers, 92; regi mental, field, and staff officer, 1,605; com pany officers, 6,198; total commissioned,’ 8,869; total non-commissioned officers, mu sicians, and privates, 117,037; aggregate, 125,906. The total unorganszed strength of the militia is 6,516,758. Milwaukee Market. Milwaukee, Sept. 14. Flour Quiet. Wheat —Opened firm and closed quiet hut No. 1 hard, 1.07; No. 2, 95; No. 3, 93; 93 for seller September 93 for seller Oc tober 93 for seller November; No. 3, 84@85; No. 4, 75}*; rejected, nominal. Corn—Stronger; No. 2,40 Oats—Easier; No. 2, 28®*'. Rye— Strong and higher, No. 1, 87. Barley— Stronger; No. 2, 74. Provisions —Steady. Mess pork—At 17.75 for seller cash; 17.75 for seller Oc tober; 13.05 for seller November, Lard —Prime and steam 8.05 for seller cash; 8.05 for seller Sep tember; 8.05 for seller October. Live hogs— Steady at 4.60@ 4.90. Freights—Wheat to Buf falo, 4Q. Receipts—Flour, 0,772 brls; wheat, 14,170 bu; barley, 24.850 bu. Shipments— Flour. 10,06(5 brls; wheat; wheat, 4.770 bu; barley, 10,050 bu. Chicago Market. Chicago, Sept. 14.—Flour —Steady and in fair demand. Wheat—Strong and higher; No. 2 red winter, 93; No. 2 Chicago spring, 94 Q for seller cash; 94; l 4 for seller Set tember; 93}*' for seller October; (53 }i for seller November. Corn —Strong and higher; 49 % tor seller cash; 41 }„' @4l ‘ 4 for seller October; 42 bid for seller November; rejected, 64@70. Oats —Active, firm and higher, 28}* tor seller cash; 28 % for seller October and November. Barley— In good demand and a shade higher; 77@77}*. Flax seed—Unchanged. Pork —Fairly active and a shade higher; firstname.lastname@example.org for seller cash, 17.85@ 17.87 for sellc September; email@example.com for seller October; 13.10 for seller November. Lard—Fairly active and a shade higher; 8.00 for seller cash; 8.05 for seller October, 7.97}* for seller November. Bulk meats —Fairly active and a shade higher; shoulders, 5.50; short rib, 8.40; short rib clear, 8.80. Whisky—Steady and unchanged at 1.13. Freights —Corn to Buffalo, 3?4@4. Receipts, flour, 7,500 brl; wheat, 37,00 bu; corn, 450,000 bu; oats, 113.000 bu; rye, 75.000 bu; barley, 24.000 bu. Shipments—Flour, 3,100 brs; wheat, 5,500 bu; corn, 358,000 bu; oats, 73,- 000 bu; rye, 31,000 bu; barley, 70.000 bu. The Chicago “ Drover’s Journal” reports: Hogg— Receipts, 13.000; shipments, 2,500: good to choice heavy, strong and active. firstname.lastname@example.org; common to good mixed packers, email@example.com; light bacon. 5.00 @5.70; gras so rs and shippers' firstname.lastname@example.org; all cleared. Cattle —Receipts, 4,600: shipments, 1,500; common to medium, 4.35®4.50; good to choice, email@example.com; exports, firstname.lastname@example.org; choice, steady at 2.25@3‘50: stockers, slow at email@example.com. western half breeds. 3.15; native. firstname.lastname@example.org(5; Texans 20 to 50c lower at email@example.com; thorough Texans. firstname.lastname@example.org; closing weaker for western and Texans. Sheep—Receipts. 5,00; shipments, none; steady; lambs per head, email@example.com; com mon to medium, firstname.lastname@example.org; good to choice, 4.25@ 4.50. The London " Journal ' reports: Cattle— Higher; best American 16 cents. Sheep—lS@ 19}4 higher. Worthless Stuff. Not so fast my friend: if you could see the strong, healthy, blooming men, women and chil dren that have been raised from beds of sickness, suffering and almost death, by the use of Hop Bitters, you would say ‘* Glorious and invaluable remedy.” See another column. — Phila. Press. Christine Nilsson and Clara Morris are sufferers from rheumatism. GEN. JOHN A. LOGAN. His Eloquent and Thrilling Answer to Judge Trumbull. He Conclusively and Ably Refutes Every Argument Advanced by Trumbull. The Fraudulent Returns Made by Southern Census Enu merators. MMrelianeous Political .Votes, GEN. LOGAN'S SPEECH. At a republican rally at Galesburg, 111., on the 2nd lust., Gen. Logan spoke as fol lows: Mr. President, Ladies, and Gentle men: In discussing the question whether or not we will continue in power the party now controlling the affairs of the govern ment, or change that control into the hands of another party, we naturally in quire for what purpose is a change de sired? Is the republican party adminis tering the government in accordance with the principles which underlie republican institutions? Are our financial and rev enue systems of a satisfactory character? Are the business interests of the people of the whole country at this time satisfac tory? If we answer these questions in the negative, then in what particular will either of the party organizations opposed at this time to the republican party pro vide more desirable substitutes? In order to judge, it is well for ns to examine some what into the history of those organiza tions, what they have accomplished in the past, and what they intend to do at pres ent and in the future? The democratic party being the oldest of the three, its his tory is well known to all reading men of the country. It was organized on the the ory that this government was a compact; that each state was supreme in itself; thas the government was not sovereign, but wat the mere agent of the states. This theory was adopted by the Kentucky and Vir ginia resolutions of 1798, and indorsed be* the democratic party, and in 1852 made a part of their political creed. The latter portion of the first resolution upon which this theory is based, is as follows: “That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the question of the powers delegated to itself since that would have made its discretion and not the constitu tion the measure of its power; but that, as in all other cases of compact among par ties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions as of the mode and measure of redress.” Upon this theory, and with slavery as its corner-stone, it was aggressive and moved forward, enunciating tlie doctrine that slavery was universal and freedom the exception; that the constitution, by its own force, carried slavery into any of the territories of the United Slates, and that it could only be excluded by state action. In 1854-66 this doctrine became so offensive to the people of the North, in the' attempt of the democracy to force slavery upon the states of Kansas and Nebraska, that the republican party was organized. Its fundamental principles were hostility to the further extension of slavery and to the doctrine of state soveieignty. In 1860 this new party, with Abraham Lincoln at its head, made war uncompromisingly against these false theories of government, and, by reason of that warfare, elected its candidates for president and vice-presi dent of the United States. THE democratic party of all the south- ERN STATES combined, and then promulgated the doc trine of secession, and eleven states seced ed and organized armed rebellion against the federal government, and for four years forced their armies into the held desper ately, remorselesly, for its overthrow. During this whole contest every act of the loyal people of the North for the de fense and perpetuation of the national government was opposed by the democracy of the country. The raising of troops In voluntary enrollment or draft was opposed, the enfranchisement and the arming of ne groes were opposed, the issue of treasury notes and bonds for the maintenance of the national credit was opposed and de clared unconstitutional, the establishment of the national banking system,was opposed and declared unconstitutional. By reso lutions of their national, state and county conventions, in their public prints, and on the stump, opposition was unrelentingly waged against the measures'adopted and the laws enacted by the republican party for the overthrow of the rebellion and the preservation of the union. Mr. Buch anan had declared in his presidential mess age that there was no power in the federal government, even for its self-preservation, to coerce the people of a state, and this theory was everywhere indorsed by the democratic party, North and South. The republican party, on the other hand, in sisted that the constitution conferred power upon the government to protect it self from violence, either from unorganiz ed mobs or organized armies under the sanc tion of isurrectionary states. The whole theory of the democratic party was staked on the issue of this war, and that party lost. The theory of the republican party won; and because it won the political or ganization which advocated and defended a national Union preserved and thus far perpetuated, is entitled to popular confi dence until it can be shown that it has abused the great trusts confided to it. TO SUM VP OUR INQUIRY in a single sentence, let me ask, what was this rebellion? It was nothing more and nothing less than the democratic party of eleven states solidified, organized, armed, with treason in their hearts, and murder in their hands, making war for the de struction of the best government that man ever enjoyed. Ex-Senator Trumbull on the 30tii of August, at Belleville, 111., makes the statement that the republican party is not entitled to the credit of either suppressing the rebellion or abolishing slavery. This statement, coming from a man so recently a member of the repub lican party, who claimed great credit during the war for his opposition to the democratic party, makes it necessary for me right here to answer that statement. 1 think his declaration will astound the democracy, especially of the south, as much as it will his former political asso ciates of the north. If the republican party, through its state and national ad ministrations, did not raise the armies, did not vote the supplies, did not pass the laws necessarv for the preservation of the union during the war. 1 isk him to answer me: AVhat party did? At what time did the democratic party, north or south, in anv state, take such action as tended to aid in any manner the suppression of the rebellion? Who was it that was to be sup pressed? Who rebelled, republicans or democrats? If democrats, how were they to be suppressed except by the authority of the national republican administra tion? What member of the republican party, from 1861 to 186-3, incited rebellion aided rebellion, fought for the rebellion, against the union? Senator Trumbull says Grant was a democrat. Ile says I was a democrat, and voted with the democracy in 1862. Gen. Grant and myself went in to the army from Illinois in 1861, and re mained there until the rebellion was closed. From the time of the first rebel attack on Fort Sumter no honest patriot acted with or sympathized with the democ racy in obstructing the cause of the union in any manner whatever. Senator Trumbull gives, figures, and shows that more men went into the army than voted for Mr. Lincoln. What of that? The first gun fired at Sumter, in tiie spring of IS6I, made more republicans ! than voted for Abraham Lincoln. Sena tor Trumbull says the state of Missouri sent more troops to the war than voted for Mr. Lincoln in that state, and more than several of the northern states sent, Mis souri, although it is now a democratic state, was during the war a republican state, and up to 1870, when all rebels were enfranchised by republican generosi ty. To-day it has 100,000 republican voters, probably a majority of them made such bv service in the union army. Illi nois was converted from a democratic to a republican state by like causes. .Why, nine-tenths of the men who entered the union service as democrats came out re publicans, and remain republicans to-day, unlike the distinguished candidate who now assails them. They had their democ racy shot out of them at the muzzles of rebel rifles and rebel cannon. If Senator Trumbull’s conversion from democracy to republicanism had been from like causes his gravitation back to his rebel democratic associations would probably have been less hrecipitate. THE RECONSTRUCTION ACT was passed, on July lb, 1867, and March 11, 1868, the supjilemental acts were passed. These acts were for the purpose of reor ganizing the rebel states, and they de clared that “ no legal state governments exist in any of the states ” mentioned. Under the reconstruction acts state con stitutions were formed and legislatures elected. These legislatures voted on the adoption of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and litteeth amendments to the constitution of the United States. These amendments were all opposed by the democrats in con gress and out of congress, and in 1868 they declared in their national platform that these acts were “revolutionery, unconsti tutional, and void.” Now, does Senator Trumbull indorse this declaration by in dorsing the present national democratic platform, which pledges anew the democ racy to the constitutional doctrines here bofore taught by their statesmen? Did not their statesmen all announce the un constitutional ity of these reconstruction acts? And if they should get into power what would be the result in this case? \\ ould not a decision of the supreme court of tlie United States, that these reconstruc tion acts were unconstitutional, overturn the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments to the constitution? If these acts are void, would not the legislatures convened under and by virtue of them, which made up the quota of states neces sary to secure the adoption of these amend ments, be illegal bodies, and their acts void? Have not the democrats already commenced this programme? The authority to enforce the constitu tional amendments by congress has been exercised in the passage of various laws. The act to enforce the right to vote, pro tect the ballot, etc., was passed May 31, 1871. This act was not only necessary in the south, but in the large cities in the north. It is a well known fact that FRAUDULENT VOTING in New York had been reduced to a science, audit has only been since the enforcement of those acts of congress that there lias been the semblance of fair elections. Our old friend Senator Trumbull, however, since he has become a democrat, attacks the modes even in New York of protecting the ballot. He finds in a list of some 1,300 duputy marshals some five or six men who had been accused of some offense unknown to the appointing power at the time of ap pointment. He attacks the whole number, as well as the law and the commissioner, Mr. Davenport. Senator Trumbull well knows that democrotic committee have been trying to throw mud on Mr. Daven port for years, but have wholly failed to find anything by which they could pro core his dismissal. If democratic re peaters, thugs, blood-tubs, and gutter snipes could commit indiscriminate frauds In that cit}-, and carry it by any majority to overthrow the majority of republi can votes in the state outside of the city, Senator Trumbull’s political conscience would be appeased, lie knows very well that the only fair elections and fair ac counts obtained in New York for twenty five years have been under this law and under the management of John I. Daven port. It amazes me to see from Senator Trumbull this covert defense of election frauds in the City of New York, —frauds which find no paralel except in the demo cratic frauds in South Carolina, Missis sippi, and Alabama. lam sorry to find one of whom I have naught but kindly feelings resort to such misrepresentation. He knows that these frauds in New York and the oppressions in the south required strong measures for redress. THE KU-KLUX BILL passed March 13, 1871. Could any one reasonably object to that law? It was sole ly for the protection of the weak and the punishment of the lawless, and when Sen ator Trumbull stands up in .his day of our civilization and attacks the Ku-Klux laws and their execution he becomes thereby the defender of ballot-box stuffers. Ku- Klux raiders, White-Line murders, and the entire shot-gun policy of the south. If a political leader in a state which sent 180,000 "Union soldiers to the field car. be supported in teaching such doctrines, doubts may be well entertained for the safety of the republican institutions. Senator Trumbull speaks of the election laws by which, he says, the republican party tried to perpetuate itself against the will "of the people. He fails to mention one of the most important pieces of legis lation attempted by the democrats, which was the attempted repeal of the statute en acted under Washington and amended under Jefferson and Lincoln. By virtue of this law the bayonet rule complained of was authorized. The important provision of the acts of 1792, 1795, and 1807, modi fied in terras from time to time to adapt it to the existing emergency, remained in force until by an act approved by Presi dent Lincoln, July 29, 1861, it was re-en acted substantially in the same language in which it is now found in the Revised Statutes, viz.: Sec, 5298. Whenever, by reason of un lawful obstructions, combinations, or as- serablages of persons, or rebellion against authority of the government of the I nited States, it shall become impracti cable, in the judgment of the president, to enforce, by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, the laws of the United States, within any state or territory, it shall be lawful for the president to call forth the militia of any or all the states, and to em ploy such parts of the land and naval forces of the I nited States as he may deem necessary to enforce the faithful execution of the laws of the United States, or to suppress such rebellion in whatever state or territory thereof the laws of the Unit ed States may be forcibly opposed or the execution thereof forcibly obstructed.” WHY SHOULD THE DEMOCRACY UNDERTAKE to repeal this law? If there is insurrec tion should not the national government have power to put it down? In case of obstruction of the laws of the United States, should not the executive have power to enforce them? In case of un-law ful assemblages of persons and rebellion, shall we not enforce the laws against them by all the power of the government? SENATOR TRUMBULL MAKES A COMPARISON between the administration of James Buchanan and that of the iirst six years of Gen. Grant, charging Grant’s with ex travagance and corruption, and, by im plication, praising Buchanan’s as honest and economical. There was a decided difference in the two men and their ad ministrations: Buchanan was in theory a secessionists and practically in conspiracy with the South. Gen, Grant was loyal iii word and deed. Buchanan said in his last message that there was no power in the government to coerce a state. Grant did under the orders of President Lincoln coerce eleven states, and unfurled the Hag once more over all of them. Will Sena tor Trumbull compare the tratorons ad ministration of James Buchanan with that of any republican since? lias he not often times denounced Buchanan for allowing our armies to be disbanded, our navy to be dispersed, our arms to be stolen, our treasury to be robbed, before Abraham Lincoln could be inaugurated. Our public debt was increased from $9,988,(321.76 to $59,964,402.01 for no reason but to furnish the robbera of our government support in their treason. Senator Trumbull here employs sophistry by trying to show that $170,302,325.15, the average expenditure during Grant’s administration was a great er increase over the $65,291,452.40 expend ed under Buchanan than the increase of population would warrant. That may be true, placing it on such a basis. But will any fair-minded man take such a basis as this for the time mentioned? Under Grant was the extraordinary expense of recon structing the stales recently in a democrat rebellion against the Government IN HLS DEFENCE OF THE DEMOCRAT PLAT- FORM the Judge says that which pledges the democracy anew to the constitutional doctrines and traditions of the democratic party as taught by a long line of states men, “means nothing more than a return Irom the centralized tendencies, the ex travagance, profligacy, and corruption o l modern republicanism.” He says it does not mean “secession,because that was not a constitutional doctrine.” Let us examine this question candidly and see if Judge Trumbull is correct. Did not their states men of the South teach the doctrine that a state had a right to judge for itself as to the constitutionality of an act of congress, without reference to the supreme court of the United States? And did not South Carolina, on this theory of state-rights, nullify the laws of congress and attempt to set up for itself? Is it not true that this was maintained by the democrats as a j>roper construction of the constitutional rights of the people of a state? And it is as true that this became the doctrine of the democracy everywhere, as 1 have shown, by the incorporation of the resolutions of 1879 in their platform, in which it is claimed that a “state has a right to judge for itself as well of infractions as of the modes of redress.” In the case of South Carolina they did claim to judge of the in fractions of the constitution, and did at tempt to redress the wrong complained of. It was also claimed that the constitution, by its own force, carried slavery into a territor}'. Was that not one of the con stitutional doctrines of the democratic party? And did not Judge Trumbull leave that party on account of this con struction of constitution ? When the democracy of eleven Southern states seceded, did they not claim that this gov ernment was a mere compact, and that under a proper construction of the con stitution they had a right to do so, and that the government had no right to coerce them back into the union? Will Senator Trumbull deny that this was one of their doctrines as to the constructions of the constitution, and therefore with the democracy a constitutional doctrine? And does not their platform indorse this by pledging anew to their “doctrines and traditions?” CENTRALIZATION. Senator Trumbull speaksof the tendency of the republican party to centralization. So does the democratic platform. Why does he not specify in what this tendency has shown itself? I admit that the repub tican party has centralized the power of the people Tn some instances. Some 1 will specify. One was in trying to use all the power of the nation to crush out a cause lesss rebellion. Senator Trumbull certain ly was in favor of that. So, too, in issu ing the greenback and passing a national banking act. The power was then called centralization. Did not the senator agree to its exercise? So, too, in passing the thiiteenlh, fourteenth. and fifteenth amendments and the laws in pursuance thereof. We stood by these propositions then; we stand by them now. He stood by them then; does he abandon them now? THE SOLID SOUTH. Senator Trumbull also speaks of the solid south in complimentary terms, and claims, because there are democratic states north, perhaps, that therefore the demo cratic party is national and the republican sectional. There was a time before when the south was solid. It was a great calam ity to this country that it was solid. The senator did also then understand it. It is solid again, and, by being so, is again a fearful menace to the peace of the country. Does Senator Trumbull rejoice in the new form of an old calamity? By what means has the south became solid? Was it by spreading light among the people? By teaching them that treason was a crime? AVas it by advocating the equality of rights before the law? AVas it by adminis tering justice between man and man? AVas it bv freely discussing the best modes of administering the government? AV'as it by teaching Christian forbearance one to ward another? AVhy does Mississippi, with 50,0001 republican majority, poll no republican votes? Alabama is honestly a republican state. How does it give a dem ocratic majority of 00,000? The same question may be asked of Louisiana and South Carolina. Let the widows of mur dered husbands answer, the children of murdered fathers answer. Le* the crack of the rifle and sound of the shotgun hear witness. Let the Ku-Klux. the White-Liners, answer. Let the earth, red with the republican blood, answer. Let the black fugitives to the north answer. And thus Senator Trumbull will have the reasons most overwhelming for the present political solidity of the south. THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY HAS NOMINATED Gen. A\ . S. Hancock for president and W. 11. English for vice-presdent of the I nited States. Of Gen. Hancock, as a military man, 1 have naught to say. He is, however, the representative of the democratic party. By his education and pursuits he can have hail little exper ience in civil affairs. The only time he was ever placed where his statesmanship was tried was in Txmisiana and Texas. There he revoked the order of Gen. I*. H. Sheridan, which were in obedience to the Reconstruction laws, and openly acted in defiance of these necessary statutes, and he was relieved therefor by Gen. I T . S. Grant. But because of his violation of these laws he has been ever since applauded by the democracy, and for this reason alone did he receive their nomination. This was the only act of his life that gave him prominence with that partv. A nnllifier is the proper candidate of a party which once rebelled against all law, and which now obstructs the execution of all laws not made by itself. If elected presi dent, he would be in the hands of the south as clay would be in the hands of the potter. The nomination of English is what might be expected, as it only proves that the consistency of the democratic party is its inconsistency. It opposes na tional banks, but nominates an English, a national banker, for vice-president. BUT WHAT OK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY, and its nominees? Their record is also made. It is for all time. The iron shackles of the slave piled mountain high are evidence of the devotion of the repub lican party to the liberties of men. The national flag floating triumphantly upon all the land and upon every sea, proves that the national authority, under repub lican custody, has been maintained. The treasury notes at par, and national bonds at a prmium in all the markets of the world, show financial credit, under re publican administration, without parallel among nations; add to all this a condition of prosperity among all the people such as was never before known, and we have a comprehensive summary of the achieve ments of the republican party. Standing on and by this record the republican party presents you a man worthy to be your candidate. He is in all respects a tho rough scholar, a good soldier, a ripe states man, an honest man. His name is James A. Garfield. For vice-president we pre sent C. A. Arthur, a true republican, an experienced public officer, an honest man. There isstrengtli in the law of association. Following the flag of republicanism car ried by Garfield and Arthur are the great mass of soldiers who fought for the Union under the leadership of IT. S. Grant. Fol lowing them are the loyal republicans whu stood by the Union cause during the war with their voices, their votes, their ma terial aid, and their prayers. WHO -ARE THE FOLLOWERS and supporters of Hancock and English and the principles of the democratic par py? First, there are the 500,000 rebels with Wade Hampton at their head. Then come the Ku-klux, the White-Liners and shotgun marauders. Then come the old northern copperheads, the new northern democrats, and last of all, the disappoint ed officeholders, the stragglers and desert ers from all other parties. These make up the supporters of the two great political parties, and the candi dates of the two great political parties. Take your choice of associates, and prin ciples, and candidates, and answer to your own conscience and your love of country for the result. Fraudulent C'ensuM ltd urn*, in the South. New York Tribune. The democrats of South Carolina have done even better than wasclaimed for them last week by the democratic papers of the state .At that time only 35 per cent, increase in the population was insisted upon as the result of the census returns, but now that the figures for all the counties except two have been received at Charleston, it is an nounced that the actual increase over the census of 1870 is more than 43 per cent. These figures are paraded with the decla ration that every confidence can be placed in their accuracy. As an eAudence of their trustworthiness the returns from the counties are compared with a state census taken in 1875, under the last republican government. It is shown that the pres ent reported increase is only a slight ad vance upon these figures of 1875. The Charleston paper which makes this com parison omits to state, however, that the republicans of the state themselves repudi ated that census as fraudulent. The re publican legislature refused to publish it, and the republican school commissioner refused to recognize it in his apportion ments. It was universally known to be fraudulent by the rcpulicans and was rep udiated by them. The figures of the internal revenue and the postal service afford an interesting commentary upon the alleged increase of population in South Carolina. From July, 1870, to July, 1880 —that is, during the time covered by the census just taken —tlx* receipts of internal revenue have fallen off 52 per cent., or from 8258,700 to 8111,000. In the same time the increase in the col lections in Wisconsin has been 37 per cent., and in Michigan 44 per cent., while the increase of population turns out to be about 25 per cent. South Carolina, with a falling off’ of 52 per cent, in collections, claims over 43 per cent, increase in pop ulation. While the ratio of population does not follow the percentage of internal revenue and postal receipts, it is difficult to believe the differences so great as those claimed by the alleged increase in the population of South Carolina. A W i*e Observation. The Cincinnati Conquer dal. Indepen dent makes the following sound prophetic observations; “The experiment of putting the Southern confederacy, revived, reor ganized, compacted and embittered as the solid South, on top of the I'nited States will not be tried this time. The country is not so degraded as to come to that. Maine will go strong against the shame ul fusion there. Indiana will next comn to the front with Ohio, on the republican side, and the republicans will carry the Novem ber elections with an overwhelming* torm. That’s the wav it is going. The sign.- of the times will grow thicker and brigluer to this effect as the days pass. What Von Should Head. The New York Tribune advises every man in the North, independent or other wise, who has his doubts about the neces sity of confronting and defeating the Solid South with a Solid North, to sub scribe tor a few Southern newspapers, and read them diligently. They will convert him to a rampant stalwart within a week. NO. 38.