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Wood County reporter. [volume] (Grand Rapids [i.e. Wisconsin Rapids], Wis.) 1857-1923, September 16, 1880, Image 1

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FONIAINE BROS., Editors and Publishers.
A Summary ot Events During the
Past Week.
Latest Events.
One hundred and seventy-five men are
now at work on the Washington monu
Dr. Tanner’s first lecture was delivered
in Booth’s theatre. New York, on the 11th
inst., to about one hundred people,
A severe drouth prevails in all parts of
Vermont, and manufacturers have in
many cases been compelled to suspend for
want of water.
A Chicago dog died of hydrophobia,
near Hinsdale, the other day. Several
horses in the same neighborhood have
since died with similar symptoms.
The oldest building in Bt. Louis —a
structure once occupied by the Spanish
governor-—is to be torn down this week, to
make room for a neighboring packing- j
Land-leaguers in Galway, Ireland, dug
a grave in the door-yard of a cottage from
which a family had been evicted, and left
a note stating that the first man who leased
the place would be buried in it.
Mrs. Hutchinson has sued President
McGlumphy, of the Lincoln, 111., univer
sity, for slander, placing her damages at
*2,(KK). She undertook to keep a students’
boarding-house, bnt the president turned
the boys away from her by speaking dis
paragingly of her virtue.
An unsuccessful attempt by many school
directors at Pittsburg, Pa., to establish
separate schools for the colored children,
causes iniense indignation among the ne
groes of that city and Alleghany, many of
waom now threaten to vote the democratic
A meeting of manufacturers, was held
in the board of trade rooms at Fall Kiver,
Mass., at which a committee was appoint
ed to consider the reduction of wages in
view of the present low price of print
cloths. The probable result will be a re
duction of 10 per cent
W. K. Gilchrist, of Lincoln, HI., recent
ly led a beautiful young lady to the altar.
.Vlrs. Sarah E. Parker, a widow, will now
lead him to the circuit court, where she
has lodged a complaint against him for
breach of promise.
Only seventeen of the men who assisted
in the defense of Baltimore in the war of
ISI2 survive. Nine of these were conveyed
in carriages to church, on the 12th inst., to
listen to the anniversary sermon.
San Francisco society is deeply inter
ested in a well-authenticated report that
Miss Flood, to whom U, S. Grant, Jr., fam
iliarly known as “Buck,” was engage 1. has
jilted the young man. It seems that he
appeared in public with a girl described
as “not over nice.” and when Miss Flood
heard of it she terminated the engage
ment in short order. The properly loss
to young Grant is something like $2,500,-
The Denver Tribune Santa Fe special
says Alexander Lebain was the stage driv
er killed on the eve of the Oth 10 miles
from Fort Cummings. The two passengers
killed are Isaac Roberts, of New York,
and K. S. Madden, of Fort Bowie. The
pursuing troops overtook the Indians on
the afternoon of the 7th and had a short
tight in which one soldier and two Indian
scouts were killed and two soldiers serious
ly wounded. The Indian casualties are
not known, and it is doubtful if they can
be overtaken.
A dispatch from Calistoga, California,
says; “Great excitement has been aroused
in this vicinity for the past two weeks
over a report that the Hot Springs held
large quantities of gold in solution. A
man who recently bought the Hot Springs
hotel property has been at work for the
past two weeks extracting gold from the
water, by a process known only by himself,
t Hearings up to yesterday afternoon showed
that he has succeeded in extracting $1,0(50
from ten barrels of water. The gold is of
the highest grade of fineness, and as the
spring’s volume of water is exceedingly
large, it vould be useless to attempt to es
timate tlie value if they continue to yield
#s rich returns as the experiments have
proved thus far.”
W. 11. Greenwood, a celebrated Ameri
can railroad engineer, has been murdered
by unknown persons near the city of
A NOTOKiors darky named Lewis Butler
was knocked in the head in the rear of a
saloon, in Chicago, on the 14th inst., and
taken to his home in Victoria alley' in
sensible, where he died the next day. He
<1 id not regain consciousness, and was
therefore unable to tell who struck him.
He leaves a white wife.
The Simpson knitting factory at Toron
to, Can., burned on the Bth inst. Loss
The flouring mill, blacksmith shop and
nostoffico, at Douglass Centre, Wis.,
burned. Loss, ;?7,O(X>; no insurance. The
property belonged to Blooms A Son.
By an explosion of a boiler of a mill on
the lower Bergs place, near Concordia,
M iss., Win. Bole was killed and four ne
groes probably fatally scalded.
Frost froze the cranberries quite severe
ly, in Berlin, Wis., on the 10th inst. On
Jacket’s marsh, one-fourth, it is estimated,
were frost-bitten, and some other marshes
were even worse affected.
I he forest fires in eastern Quebec have
not yet burned themselves out, but there is
no longer any danger to human life. An
area thirty miles long bv fifteen miles broad
has been laid waste.
IHE coast of Florida is piled high with
wrecks. Some of the ill-fated vessels are
so thoroughly destroyed that they can not
lie recognized. The' loss of life has boen
very great.
SiLas Richardson, of Waukesha, died
at the residence of Georke Gernon, in
Madison, Mis., on the 11th inst. His
death was caused by his blowing out the
gas in his room. lie was not discovered
until this morning.
Dennis*. Conley, a farm hand, was as
sisting in running a thrashing machine at
Monito 111. He stepped on the platform,
when his feet slipped, throwing one of his
legs in the cylinder of the same, crushing
the bones and tearing the flesh into shreds
before the machine could be stopped.
The captain and fireman of the tug Je
rome, at Grand Haven, Mich., went to
•deep, the one in the pilot-house and the
other in the engine-room. After a while
the boiler exploded, but, although the vea
sei was literally demolished, fragments of
it being throwui a distance of three him
dred feet, and the captain dumped out on
the dock all in a heap, neither of the men
received serious injuries.
Tice coroner held an'inquest, on the 14th
inst., upon the body of Samuel Hossler, a
well-to-do farmer residing at Leo, in Allen
county Indiana. Hossler, while returning
from the fair in that city, was precipitat
ed from his wagon and his neck broken,
intant death ensuing. The investigation
showed that the deceased was intoxicated,
and that, his horses starting suddenly,
Hossler was thrown to the earth, alighting
upon his head. A verdict was rendered
in accordance with the above facts.
Disturbances throughout Armenia are
threatening to assume the proportions of
an insurrection.
A dispatch from India, believed to
have been inspired by the marquis, of
Rlpon, viceroy, says that England must
now settle the Candahar question without
delay. The place must be annexed, given
to the ameer of Afghanistan, or made an
independent state. Ripon favors relin
quishing it in favor of Abdurrahman.
Deeply impressed with the gravity of
the present situation of affairs and the
urgency of measures to be taken to restore
tranquility to his empire, the sultan has
dismissed Cadri Pasha, prime minister,
and appointed Said Pasha his successor.
An explosion occurred on the 9th inst.
at the Teaham colliery, near Durnam,
England. Both shafts were blocked,
though half a mile apart. One hundred
and eighty workmen were in the pit and
perished before they could be rescued.
The scenes contiguous to the accident beg
gar all description anil are of the most
harrowing detail.
The explosion in the Seaham mine
makes seventy-six widows and 284 orphans.
A large majority of the victims were sin
gle men. At two o’clock on the morning
of the 13th inst. the first of the victims of
the disaster were brought up from the
mines. Before all the bodies could be re
moved the lire again broke out, and was
not extinguished until seven. One hun
dred and thirty men is the lowest estimate
of the dead, and it is estimated that there
were 400 horses and ponies in the mine.
The bodies of twelve men brought up are
frightfully disfigured. There are eleven
more bodies near the pit-shaft. It will be
some time before the other bodies can be
recovered, and some may never be found,
as they are buried under the debris of the
explosion. Another lire has begun in No.
3 shaft, at the ventilating furnace. This
will delay exploration. From the latest
list published it appears that 102 men and
boys are missing. The latest official state
ment places the number of killed at 147.
A broken Davy safety lamp has been
brought up from the main seam, and it is
believed throws some light upon the origin
of the disaster.
Parliament was prorogued on the Btb
inst: Following was her Majesty’s speech,
I r< ad by tlie Royal commissioner:
Mv Lords and Gentleman: It is with satis
faction 1 find myself at length enabled to release
you from your arduous labors. I continue to re
ceive assurance of the most friendly character
from all foreign powers. The failure of the
sublime porte to execute according to its
engagement, the plan agreed upon in April
last for a determination of the Ottoman
frontier lying towards Montenegro has caused un
fortunate delays in the settlement of that ques
tion, and the treaty of Berlin has not yet taken
effect in other points of importance which remain
ed open at the commencement of the session. The
governments which were parties to that treaty
have communicated to the sultan their judgment
on the means of bringing to a satisfactory settle
ment the Greek and Montenegrin frontier ques
tion, on the administrative organization of the
European provinces of Turkey, and on the prin
cipal reforms required in the Asiatic provinces in
habited by Armenians for the attainment of the
objects in view. I continue to place reliance on
the fact that the concert of Europe has been
steadily maintained in regard to the eastern ques
tion. and that the powers who signed the treaty of
Berlin are pressing upon the sublime porte with all
the authority which belongs to their united action
the measures which in their belief are best calculat
ed to insure tranquility in the east. I have not
been unmindful during the few months which have
elapsed since I last addressed you of the consid
erations which I have stated would guide my pol
icy on the northwestern frontier of my Indian em
pire. Measures have already been taken for the
complete military evacuation of northern Afghan
istan, and some progress has been made towards
the pacification and settlement of the country. A
renewal of hostilities by the Afghans undcM Ayoob
Khan has rendered*necessary further military op
erations in southern Afghanistan.
Political Points.
Phil Cook lias been nominated for con
gress by the democrats of the third district
of Georgia.
The republicans of the fifth district of
New Jersey have nominated John 11511 for
The democrats of the second Kentucky
district have nominated James McKenzie
for re-election to congress.
The democrats of the Fifth district of
Missonri'have renominated R. P. Bland for
The greenbackers of the second Michi
gan district have nominated Frederick T.
Chester for congress.
General Edwin S. Bragg has been re
nominated for congress by the democrats
of the fifth congressional district of Wis
The democrats of the sixth congression
al district of Wisconsin have renominated
Gabe Bouck, of Oshkosh, for congress.
The democrats of the third district of
Minnesota have nominated General Sibley
for congress.
The republicans of the Third congres
sional district of New Hampshire have
nominated Kvarts W. Farr for congress.
The republicans of the Twenty-sixth
district, of New York, have renominated
John H. Camp for congress.
Rufus K. Garland, greenbacker, and
brother to United States Senator Garland,
has annouced himself a candidate for con
gress in the Second district of Arkansas.
M. H. Moore, of Dubuque, has been
nominated for congress by the greenback
ers of the Third congressional district of
The republicans of the third district of
Kentucky have nominated M. T. Flipper,
of Monroe county, for congress.
The republicans of the twenty-fourth
district of New York have nominated
Joseph Mason for congress.
The greenbackers of the fifth district ot
Wisconsin have nominated John F.
Thomas, of Sheboygan Falls, Sheboygan
county, as candidate for congress.
The republicans of New Hampshire
have nominated Hon. Charles H. Bell
for governor. Following is the rest of the
ticket: railroad commissioners, James E.
French, Charles A. Smith and E. J. Ten
ney; presidential electors, Nathaniel
M bite and E* H. Winchester.
The democrats of the first district of
Maryland have nominated George W. Cov
ington, and the republicans of the sixth dis
| trict have nominated Milton G. Urner, for
| John H. Regan has been nominated for
Oevoted to Politics, Agriculture, News, Local Information, and the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
congress by the democrats of the firs' con
gressional district of Texas. The demo
crats of the second district have nominated
D. B. Culberson.
The Delaware republicans have nomin
ated Hon. John M. Houston for congress,
and Henry Dupont, D. P. Barnhard and
John D. Rodney for presidential electors.
The republicans of the fourth congres
sional district of Illinois renominated
Hon. John C. Sherwln, of Kane county,
for congress, and Samuel Alden, of Mc-
Henry county, for member of the state
board of equalization.
Congressman Horr, of Michigan, re
nominated for congress August 3, has
placed his resignation in the hands of the
republican committee of his district, the
The lowa democrats have put the fol
lowing ticket in the field: For secretary
of state, A. B. Keith, treasurer, Martin
Blim, auditor; C. A. Barker, attorney
general, C. A. Clarke, land register, D.
j Daugherty, electors —first district, J. D.
I M. Hamilton, second district, G. L. Jack
son, third district, L. K. Fellows, fourth
district, C. C. Whaler, fifth district. L. B.
Patterson, sixth district, J. 11. Stuben
rauch, seventh district, S. J. Gilpin,
eight district, AV. H. Howe, ninth district,
John B. Allison, at large, J. A. O. Yeo
man, andJ. H. Murphy.
From tlie Capital.
General Dnot-savs there are no charges
against Lieutenant Howgate. There is a
good deal of jealousy of this capable
officer, besides what was bequeathed to him
by the late General Myer.
Commissioner Le Duck telegraps from
Fort Lyon, Col., that he has decided to
construct one of the two experimental
artesian wells authorized by congress at
that place. The appropriation for the
purpose is SIO,OOO. The object of the well
Is the fertilization of the arid lands.
The court-martial which was conveyed
to try Ossian Aldrich, the much-married
sergeant of the signal service, for deser
tion, finished up its work in short order.
If the verdict is conviction, Aldricii will
have to go to the Fort Leavenworth mili
tary prison for three or five years. If ac
quitted. lie will fall into the hands of Miss,
Alma Hooper, sister of one of his victims,
who has vowed vengeance upon him.
It is estimated that the amount of gold
and silver coin now in this country aggre
gates $570,418,914, which, with a paper
circulation of $700,000,000, makes the
total circulating medium of the country
$1,270,418,914. This, estimating the pop
ulation at 50,000,000, gives a specie circu
lation of $11.44 per capita, and of paper
$14.05, making a total circulation of
$25.49 per capita. From the most reliable
data obtainable it appears that only Great
Britain and France now possess a greater
gold circulation than the United States.
Gen. Benet, chief of ordnance, in his
annual report will devote considerable
space to a discussion of the militia bill re
ported to the house at the last session of
congress. The reports will shw the prin
cipal operations of the ordnance depart
ment during the fiscal year ended June 30
last, inclnding the amount appropriated
by congress for that year, and the manner
in which it was spent. From the latest
returns compiled at the office of the ad
jutant general of the United States army,
the aggregate organized strength of the
militia in the different states and territories
is as follows: General officers, 92; regi
mental, field, and staff officer, 1,605; com
pany officers, 6,198; total commissioned,’
8,869; total non-commissioned officers, mu
sicians, and privates, 117,037; aggregate,
125,906. The total unorganszed strength
of the militia is 6,516,758.
Milwaukee Market.
Milwaukee, Sept. 14. Flour Quiet.
Wheat —Opened firm and closed quiet hut
No. 1 hard, 1.07; No. 2, 95; No. 3, 93;
93 for seller September 93 for seller Oc
tober 93 for seller November; No. 3, [email protected];
No. 4, 75}*; rejected, nominal. Corn—Stronger;
No. 2,40 Oats—Easier; No. 2, 28®*'. Rye—
Strong and higher, No. 1, 87. Barley—
Stronger; No. 2, 74. Provisions —Steady. Mess
pork—At 17.75 for seller cash; 17.75 for seller Oc
tober; 13.05 for seller November, Lard —Prime
and steam 8.05 for seller cash; 8.05 for seller Sep
tember; 8.05 for seller October. Live hogs—
Steady at [email protected] 4.90. Freights—Wheat to Buf
falo, 4Q. Receipts—Flour, 0,772 brls; wheat,
14,170 bu; barley, 24.850 bu. Shipments—
Flour. 10,06(5 brls; wheat; wheat, 4.770 bu;
barley, 10,050 bu.
Chicago Market.
Chicago, Sept. 14.—Flour —Steady and in
fair demand. Wheat—Strong and higher; No. 2
red winter, 93; No. 2 Chicago spring, 94 Q for
seller cash; 94; l 4 for seller Set tember; 93}*' for
seller October; (53 }i for seller November. Corn
—Strong and higher; 49 % tor seller cash; 41 }„'
@4l ‘ 4 for seller October; 42 bid for seller
November; rejected, [email protected] Oats —Active,
firm and higher, 28}* tor seller cash; 28 % for
seller October and November. Barley—
In good demand and a shade higher; [email protected]}*.
Flax seed—Unchanged. Pork —Fairly active and
a shade higher; [email protected] for seller cash,
[email protected] 17.87 for sellc September; [email protected]
for seller October; 13.10 for seller November.
Lard—Fairly active and a shade higher; 8.00 for
seller cash; 8.05 for seller October, 7.97}* for
seller November. Bulk meats —Fairly active and
a shade higher; shoulders, 5.50; short rib, 8.40;
short rib clear, 8.80. Whisky—Steady and
unchanged at 1.13. Freights —Corn to Buffalo,
[email protected] Receipts, flour, 7,500 brl; wheat, 37,00
bu; corn, 450,000 bu; oats, 113.000 bu; rye, 75.000
bu; barley, 24.000 bu. Shipments—Flour, 3,100
brs; wheat, 5,500 bu; corn, 358,000 bu; oats, 73,-
000 bu; rye, 31,000 bu; barley, 70.000 bu. The
Chicago “ Drover’s Journal” reports: Hogg—
Receipts, 13.000; shipments, 2,500: good to choice
heavy, strong and active. [email protected]; common to
good mixed packers, [email protected]; light bacon. 5.00
@5.70; gras so rs and shippers' [email protected]; all
cleared. Cattle —Receipts, 4,600: shipments,
1,500; common to medium, 4.35®4.50; good to
choice, [email protected]; exports, [email protected]; choice,
steady at [email protected]‘50: stockers, slow at [email protected]
western half breeds. 3.15; native. [email protected](5;
Texans 20 to 50c lower at [email protected]; thorough
Texans. [email protected]; closing weaker for western
and Texans. Sheep—Receipts. 5,00; shipments,
none; steady; lambs per head, [email protected]; com
mon to medium, [email protected]; good to choice, [email protected]
4.50. The London " Journal ' reports: Cattle—
Higher; best American 16 cents. Sheep—[email protected]
19}4 higher.
Worthless Stuff.
Not so fast my friend: if you could see the
strong, healthy, blooming men, women and chil
dren that have been raised from beds of sickness,
suffering and almost death, by the use of Hop
Bitters, you would say ‘* Glorious and invaluable
remedy.” See another column. — Phila. Press.
Christine Nilsson and Clara Morris
are sufferers from rheumatism.
His Eloquent and Thrilling
Answer to Judge
He Conclusively and Ably Refutes
Every Argument Advanced
by Trumbull.
The Fraudulent Returns Made by
Southern Census Enu
MMrelianeous Political .Votes,
At a republican rally at Galesburg, 111.,
on the 2nd lust., Gen. Logan spoke as fol
Mr. President, Ladies, and Gentle
men: In discussing the question whether
or not we will continue in power the party
now controlling the affairs of the govern
ment, or change that control into the
hands of another party, we naturally in
quire for what purpose is a change de
sired? Is the republican party adminis
tering the government in accordance with
the principles which underlie republican
institutions? Are our financial and rev
enue systems of a satisfactory character?
Are the business interests of the people of
the whole country at this time satisfac
tory? If we answer these questions in the
negative, then in what particular will
either of the party organizations opposed
at this time to the republican party pro
vide more desirable substitutes? In order
to judge, it is well for ns to examine some
what into the history of those organiza
tions, what they have accomplished in the
past, and what they intend to do at pres
ent and in the future? The democratic
party being the oldest of the three, its his
tory is well known to all reading men of
the country. It was organized on the the
ory that this government was a compact;
that each state was supreme in itself; thas
the government was not sovereign, but wat
the mere agent of the states. This theory
was adopted by the Kentucky and Vir
ginia resolutions of 1798, and indorsed be*
the democratic party, and in 1852 made a
part of their political creed. The latter
portion of the first resolution upon which
this theory is based, is as follows:
“That the government created by this
compact was not made the exclusive or
final judge of the question of the powers
delegated to itself since that would have
made its discretion and not the constitu
tion the measure of its power; but that, as
in all other cases of compact among par
ties having no common judge, each party
has an equal right to judge for itself, as
well of infractions as of the mode and
measure of redress.”
Upon this theory, and with slavery as
its corner-stone, it was aggressive and
moved forward, enunciating tlie doctrine
that slavery was universal and freedom the
exception; that the constitution, by its
own force, carried slavery into any of the
territories of the United Slates, and that it
could only be excluded by state action. In
1854-66 this doctrine became so offensive
to the people of the North, in the' attempt
of the democracy to force slavery upon the
states of Kansas and Nebraska, that the
republican party was organized. Its
fundamental principles were hostility to
the further extension of slavery and to
the doctrine of state soveieignty. In 1860
this new party, with Abraham Lincoln at
its head, made war uncompromisingly
against these false theories of government,
and, by reason of that warfare, elected its
candidates for president and vice-presi
dent of the United States.
THE democratic party of all the south-
combined, and then promulgated the doc
trine of secession, and eleven states seced
ed and organized armed rebellion against
the federal government, and for four years
forced their armies into the held desper
ately, remorselesly, for its overthrow.
During this whole contest every act of
the loyal people of the North for the de
fense and perpetuation of the national
government was opposed by the democracy
of the country. The raising of troops In
voluntary enrollment or draft was opposed,
the enfranchisement and the arming of ne
groes were opposed, the issue of treasury
notes and bonds for the maintenance of
the national credit was opposed and de
clared unconstitutional, the establishment
of the national banking system,was opposed
and declared unconstitutional. By reso
lutions of their national, state and county
conventions, in their public prints, and on
the stump, opposition was unrelentingly
waged against the measures'adopted and the
laws enacted by the republican party for
the overthrow of the rebellion and the
preservation of the union. Mr. Buch
anan had declared in his presidential mess
age that there was no power in the federal
government, even for its self-preservation,
to coerce the people of a state, and this
theory was everywhere indorsed by the
democratic party, North and South. The
republican party, on the other hand, in
sisted that the constitution conferred
power upon the government to protect it
self from violence, either from unorganiz
ed mobs or organized armies under the sanc
tion of isurrectionary states. The whole
theory of the democratic party was staked
on the issue of this war, and that party
lost. The theory of the republican party
won; and because it won the political or
ganization which advocated and defended
a national Union preserved and thus far
perpetuated, is entitled to popular confi
dence until it can be shown that it has
abused the great trusts confided to it.
in a single sentence, let me ask, what was
this rebellion? It was nothing more and
nothing less than the democratic party of
eleven states solidified, organized, armed,
with treason in their hearts, and murder
in their hands, making war for the de
struction of the best government that man
ever enjoyed. Ex-Senator Trumbull on
the 30tii of August, at Belleville, 111.,
makes the statement that the republican
party is not entitled to the credit of either
suppressing the rebellion or abolishing
slavery. This statement, coming from a
man so recently a member of the repub
lican party, who claimed great credit
during the war for his opposition to the
democratic party, makes it necessary for
me right here to answer that statement.
1 think his declaration will astound the
democracy, especially of the south, as
much as it will his former political asso
ciates of the north. If the republican
party, through its state and national ad
ministrations, did not raise the armies,
did not vote the supplies, did not pass the
laws necessarv for the preservation of the
union during the war. 1 isk him to answer
me: AVhat party did? At what time did
the democratic party, north or south, in
anv state, take such action as tended to
aid in any manner the suppression of the
rebellion? Who was it that was to be sup
pressed? Who rebelled, republicans or
democrats? If democrats, how were they
to be suppressed except by the authority
of the national republican administra
tion? What member of the republican
party, from 1861 to 186-3, incited rebellion
aided rebellion, fought for the rebellion,
against the union? Senator Trumbull
says Grant was a democrat. Ile says I was a
democrat, and voted with the democracy
in 1862. Gen. Grant and myself went in
to the army from Illinois in 1861, and re
mained there until the rebellion was
closed. From the time of the first rebel
attack on Fort Sumter no honest patriot
acted with or sympathized with the democ
racy in obstructing the cause of the union
in any manner whatever.
Senator Trumbull gives, figures, and
shows that more men went into the army
than voted for Mr. Lincoln. What of
that? The first gun fired at Sumter, in
tiie spring of IS6I, made more republicans !
than voted for Abraham Lincoln. Sena
tor Trumbull says the state of Missouri
sent more troops to the war than voted for
Mr. Lincoln in that state, and more than
several of the northern states sent, Mis
souri, although it is now a democratic
state, was during the war a republican
state, and up to 1870, when all rebels
were enfranchised by republican generosi
ty. To-day it has 100,000 republican
voters, probably a majority of them made
such bv service in the union army. Illi
nois was converted from a democratic to a
republican state by like causes. .Why,
nine-tenths of the men who entered the
union service as democrats came out re
publicans, and remain republicans to-day,
unlike the distinguished candidate who
now assails them. They had their democ
racy shot out of them at the muzzles of
rebel rifles and rebel cannon. If Senator
Trumbull’s conversion from democracy to
republicanism had been from like causes
his gravitation back to his rebel democratic
associations would probably have been less
was passed, on July lb, 1867, and March
11, 1868, the supjilemental acts were passed.
These acts were for the purpose of reor
ganizing the rebel states, and they de
clared that “ no legal state governments
exist in any of the states ” mentioned.
Under the reconstruction acts state con
stitutions were formed and legislatures
elected. These legislatures voted on the
adoption of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and
litteeth amendments to the constitution of
the United States. These amendments
were all opposed by the democrats in con
gress and out of congress, and in 1868 they
declared in their national platform that
these acts were “revolutionery, unconsti
tutional, and void.” Now, does Senator
Trumbull indorse this declaration by in
dorsing the present national democratic
platform, which pledges anew the democ
racy to the constitutional doctrines here
bofore taught by their statesmen? Did
not their statesmen all announce the un
constitutional ity of these reconstruction
acts? And if they should get into power
what would be the result in this case?
\\ ould not a decision of the supreme court
of tlie United States, that these reconstruc
tion acts were unconstitutional, overturn
the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth
amendments to the constitution? If these
acts are void, would not the legislatures
convened under and by virtue of them,
which made up the quota of states neces
sary to secure the adoption of these amend
ments, be illegal bodies, and their acts
void? Have not the democrats already
commenced this programme?
The authority to enforce the constitu
tional amendments by congress has been
exercised in the passage of various laws.
The act to enforce the right to vote, pro
tect the ballot, etc., was passed May 31,
1871. This act was not only necessary in
the south, but in the large cities in the
It is a well known fact that
in New York had been reduced to a science,
audit has only been since the enforcement
of those acts of congress that there lias
been the semblance of fair elections. Our
old friend Senator Trumbull, however,
since he has become a democrat, attacks
the modes even in New York of protecting
the ballot. He finds in a list of some 1,300
duputy marshals some five or six men who
had been accused of some offense unknown
to the appointing power at the time of ap
pointment. He attacks the whole number,
as well as the law and the commissioner,
Mr. Davenport. Senator Trumbull well
knows that democrotic committee have
been trying to throw mud on Mr. Daven
port for years, but have wholly failed to
find anything by which they could pro
core his dismissal. If democratic re
peaters, thugs, blood-tubs, and gutter
snipes could commit indiscriminate frauds
In that cit}-, and carry it by any majority
to overthrow the majority of republi
can votes in the state outside of the city,
Senator Trumbull’s political conscience
would be appeased, lie knows very well
that the only fair elections and fair ac
counts obtained in New York for twenty
five years have been under this law and
under the management of John I. Daven
port. It amazes me to see from Senator
Trumbull this covert defense of election
frauds in the City of New York, —frauds
which find no paralel except in the demo
cratic frauds in South Carolina, Missis
sippi, and Alabama. lam sorry to find
one of whom I have naught but kindly
feelings resort to such misrepresentation.
He knows that these frauds in New York
and the oppressions in the south required
strong measures for redress.
passed March 13, 1871. Could any one
reasonably object to that law? It was sole
ly for the protection of the weak and the
punishment of the lawless, and when Sen
ator Trumbull stands up in .his day of our
civilization and attacks the Ku-Klux laws
and their execution he becomes thereby
the defender of ballot-box stuffers. Ku-
Klux raiders, White-Line murders, and
the entire shot-gun policy of the south. If
a political leader in a state which sent
180,000 "Union soldiers to the field car. be
supported in teaching such doctrines,
doubts may be well entertained for the
safety of the republican institutions.
Senator Trumbull speaks of the election
laws by which, he says, the republican
party tried to perpetuate itself against the
will "of the people. He fails to mention
one of the most important pieces of legis
lation attempted by the democrats, which
was the attempted repeal of the statute en
acted under Washington and amended
under Jefferson and Lincoln. By virtue
of this law the bayonet rule complained of
was authorized. The important provision
of the acts of 1792, 1795, and 1807, modi
fied in terras from time to time to adapt
it to the existing emergency, remained in
force until by an act approved by Presi
dent Lincoln, July 29, 1861, it was re-en
acted substantially in the same language
in which it is now found in the Revised
Statutes, viz.:
Sec, 5298. Whenever, by reason of un
lawful obstructions, combinations, or as-
serablages of persons, or rebellion against
authority of the government of the
I nited States, it shall become impracti
cable, in the judgment of the president, to
enforce, by the ordinary course of judicial
proceedings, the laws of the United States,
within any state or territory, it shall be
lawful for the president to call forth the
militia of any or all the states, and to em
ploy such parts of the land and naval
forces of the I nited States as he may deem
necessary to enforce the faithful execution
of the laws of the United States, or to
suppress such rebellion in whatever state
or territory thereof the laws of the Unit
ed States may be forcibly opposed or the
execution thereof forcibly obstructed.”
to repeal this law? If there is insurrec
tion should not the national government
have power to put it down? In case of
obstruction of the laws of the United
States, should not the executive have
power to enforce them? In case of un-law
ful assemblages of persons and rebellion,
shall we not enforce the laws against them
by all the power of the government?
between the administration of James
Buchanan and that of the iirst six years of
Gen. Grant, charging Grant’s with ex
travagance and corruption, and, by im
plication, praising Buchanan’s as honest
and economical. There was a decided
difference in the two men and their ad
ministrations: Buchanan was in theory a
secessionists and practically in conspiracy
with the South. Gen, Grant was loyal iii
word and deed. Buchanan said in his
last message that there was no power in
the government to coerce a state. Grant
did under the orders of President Lincoln
coerce eleven states, and unfurled the Hag
once more over all of them. Will Sena
tor Trumbull compare the tratorons ad
ministration of James Buchanan with that
of any republican since? lias he not often
times denounced Buchanan for allowing
our armies to be disbanded, our navy to
be dispersed, our arms to be stolen, our
treasury to be robbed, before Abraham
Lincoln could be inaugurated. Our public
debt was increased from $9,988,(321.76 to
$59,964,402.01 for no reason but to furnish
the robbera of our government support in
their treason. Senator Trumbull here
employs sophistry by trying to show that
$170,302,325.15, the average expenditure
during Grant’s administration was a great
er increase over the $65,291,452.40 expend
ed under Buchanan than the increase of
population would warrant. That may be
true, placing it on such a basis. But will
any fair-minded man take such a basis as
this for the time mentioned? Under Grant
was the extraordinary expense of recon
structing the stales recently in a democrat
rebellion against the Government
the Judge says that which pledges
the democracy anew to the constitutional
doctrines and traditions of the democratic
party as taught by a long line of states
men, “means nothing more than a return
Irom the centralized tendencies, the ex
travagance, profligacy, and corruption o l
modern republicanism.” He says it does
not mean “secession,because that was not a
constitutional doctrine.” Let us examine
this question candidly and see if Judge
Trumbull is correct. Did not their states
men of the South teach the doctrine that
a state had a right to judge for itself as to
the constitutionality of an act of congress,
without reference to the supreme court of
the United States? And did not South
Carolina, on this theory of state-rights,
nullify the laws of congress and attempt to
set up for itself? Is it not true that this
was maintained by the democrats as a
j>roper construction of the constitutional
rights of the people of a state? And it is
as true that this became the doctrine of the
democracy everywhere, as 1 have shown,
by the incorporation of the resolutions of
1879 in their platform, in which it is
claimed that a “state has a right to judge
for itself as well of infractions as of the
modes of redress.” In the case of South
Carolina they did claim to judge of the in
fractions of the constitution, and did at
tempt to redress the wrong complained of.
It was also claimed that the constitution,
by its own force, carried slavery into a
territor}'. Was that not one of the con
stitutional doctrines of the democratic
party? And did not Judge Trumbull
leave that party on account of this con
struction of constitution ? When the
democracy of eleven Southern states
seceded, did they not claim that this gov
ernment was a mere compact, and that
under a proper construction of the con
stitution they had a right to do so, and
that the government had no right to
coerce them back into the union? Will
Senator Trumbull deny that this was one
of their doctrines as to the constructions of
the constitution, and therefore with the
democracy a constitutional doctrine? And
does not their platform indorse this by
pledging anew to their “doctrines and
Senator Trumbull speaksof the tendency
of the republican party to centralization.
So does the democratic platform. Why
does he not specify in what this tendency
has shown itself? I admit that the repub
tican party has centralized the power of
the people Tn some instances. Some 1 will
specify. One was in trying to use all the
power of the nation to crush out a cause
lesss rebellion. Senator Trumbull certain
ly was in favor of that. So, too, in issu
ing the greenback and passing a national
banking act. The power was then called
centralization. Did not the senator agree
to its exercise? So, too, in passing the
thiiteenlh, fourteenth. and fifteenth
amendments and the laws in pursuance
thereof. We stood by these propositions
then; we stand by them now. He stood
by them then; does he abandon them now?
Senator Trumbull also speaks of the
solid south in complimentary terms, and
claims, because there are democratic states
north, perhaps, that therefore the demo
cratic party is national and the republican
sectional. There was a time before when
the south was solid. It was a great calam
ity to this country that it was solid. The
senator did also then understand it. It is
solid again, and, by being so, is again a
fearful menace to the peace of the country.
Does Senator Trumbull rejoice in the new
form of an old calamity? By what means
has the south became solid? Was it by
spreading light among the people? By
teaching them that treason was a crime?
AVas it by advocating the equality of
rights before the law? AVas it by adminis
tering justice between man and man? AVas
it bv freely discussing the best modes of
administering the government? AV'as it
by teaching Christian forbearance one to
ward another? AVhy does Mississippi,
with 50,0001 republican majority, poll no
republican votes? Alabama is honestly a
republican state. How does it give a dem
ocratic majority of 00,000? The same
question may be asked of Louisiana and
South Carolina. Let the widows of mur
dered husbands answer, the children
of murdered fathers answer. Le* the
crack of the rifle and sound of the shotgun
hear witness. Let the Ku-Klux. the
White-Liners, answer. Let the earth, red
with the republican blood, answer. Let
the black fugitives to the north answer.
And thus Senator Trumbull will have the
reasons most overwhelming for the present
political solidity of the south.
Gen. A\ . S. Hancock for president and
W. 11. English for vice-presdent of the
I nited States. Of Gen. Hancock, as a
military man, 1 have naught to say. He
is, however, the representative of the
democratic party. By his education and
pursuits he can have hail little exper
ience in civil affairs. The only time he
was ever placed where his statesmanship
was tried was in Txmisiana and Texas.
There he revoked the order of Gen. I*. H.
Sheridan, which were in obedience to the
Reconstruction laws, and openly acted in
defiance of these necessary statutes, and he
was relieved therefor by Gen. I T . S. Grant.
But because of his violation of these laws
he has been ever since applauded by the
democracy, and for this reason alone did
he receive their nomination.
This was the only act of his life that
gave him prominence with that partv. A
nnllifier is the proper candidate of a party
which once rebelled against all law, and
which now obstructs the execution of all
laws not made by itself. If elected presi
dent, he would be in the hands of the
south as clay would be in the hands of the
potter. The nomination of English is
what might be expected, as it only proves
that the consistency of the democratic
party is its inconsistency. It opposes na
tional banks, but nominates an English, a
national banker, for vice-president.
and its nominees? Their record is also
made. It is for all time. The iron
shackles of the slave piled mountain high
are evidence of the devotion of the repub
lican party to the liberties of men. The
national flag floating triumphantly upon
all the land and upon every sea, proves
that the national authority, under repub
lican custody, has been maintained.
The treasury notes at par, and national
bonds at a prmium in all the markets of
the world, show financial credit, under re
publican administration, without parallel
among nations; add to all this a condition
of prosperity among all the people such as
was never before known, and we have a
comprehensive summary of the achieve
ments of the republican party. Standing
on and by this record the republican party
presents you a man worthy to be your
candidate. He is in all respects a tho
rough scholar, a good soldier, a ripe states
man, an honest man. His name is James
A. Garfield. For vice-president we pre
sent C. A. Arthur, a true republican, an
experienced public officer, an honest man.
There isstrengtli in the law of association.
Following the flag of republicanism car
ried by Garfield and Arthur are the great
mass of soldiers who fought for the Union
under the leadership of IT. S. Grant. Fol
lowing them are the loyal republicans whu
stood by the Union cause during the war
with their voices, their votes, their ma
terial aid, and their prayers.
and supporters of Hancock and English
and the principles of the democratic par
py? First, there are the 500,000 rebels
with Wade Hampton at their head. Then
come the Ku-klux, the White-Liners and
shotgun marauders. Then come the old
northern copperheads, the new northern
democrats, and last of all, the disappoint
ed officeholders, the stragglers and desert
ers from all other parties.
These make up the supporters of the
two great political parties, and the candi
dates of the two great political parties.
Take your choice of associates, and prin
ciples, and candidates, and answer to your
own conscience and your love of country
for the result.
Fraudulent C'ensuM ltd urn*, in the
New York Tribune.
The democrats of South Carolina have
done even better than wasclaimed for them
last week by the democratic papers of the
state .At that time only 35 per cent, increase
in the population was insisted upon as the
result of the census returns, but now that
the figures for all the counties except two
have been received at Charleston, it is an
nounced that the actual increase over the
census of 1870 is more than 43 per cent.
These figures are paraded with the decla
ration that every confidence can be placed
in their accuracy. As an eAudence of
their trustworthiness the returns from the
counties are compared with a state census
taken in 1875, under the last republican
government. It is shown that the pres
ent reported increase is only a slight ad
vance upon these figures of 1875. The
Charleston paper which makes this com
parison omits to state, however, that the
republicans of the state themselves repudi
ated that census as fraudulent. The re
publican legislature refused to publish it,
and the republican school commissioner
refused to recognize it in his apportion
ments. It was universally known to be
fraudulent by the rcpulicans and was rep
udiated by them.
The figures of the internal revenue and
the postal service afford an interesting
commentary upon the alleged increase of
population in South Carolina. From July,
1870, to July, 1880 —that is, during the
time covered by the census just taken —tlx*
receipts of internal revenue have fallen off
52 per cent., or from 8258,700 to 8111,000.
In the same time the increase in the col
lections in Wisconsin has been 37 per cent.,
and in Michigan 44 per cent., while the
increase of population turns out to be
about 25 per cent. South Carolina, with
a falling off’ of 52 per cent, in collections,
claims over 43 per cent, increase in pop
While the ratio of population does not
follow the percentage of internal revenue
and postal receipts, it is difficult to believe
the differences so great as those claimed by
the alleged increase in the population of
South Carolina.
A W i*e Observation.
The Cincinnati Conquer dal. Indepen
dent makes the following sound prophetic
observations; “The experiment of putting
the Southern confederacy, revived, reor
ganized, compacted and embittered as the
solid South, on top of the I'nited States
will not be tried this time. The country is
not so degraded as to come to that. Maine
will go strong against the shame ul fusion
there. Indiana will next comn to the
front with Ohio, on the republican side,
and the republicans will carry the Novem
ber elections with an overwhelming* torm.
That’s the wav it is going. The sign.- of
the times will grow thicker and brigluer
to this effect as the days pass.
What Von Should Head.
The New York Tribune advises every
man in the North, independent or other
wise, who has his doubts about the neces
sity of confronting and defeating the
Solid South with a Solid North, to sub
scribe tor a few Southern newspapers, and
read them diligently. They will convert
him to a rampant stalwart within a week.
NO. 38.

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