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A Terriable Plague ofMice with Extraordinary Appetites. Science. In the colony of Lourenco, Brazil, in the months of May and June, 187 G mice suddenly appeared in enormous numbers. They invaded the grain fields in such large numbers that the corn sbemed la terally alive with them, destroying in a few days everything that was edible; and where, but a short time before, bushels of grain might have been harvested, not an ear remained, and the noise produced by their nibbling and climbing was audible for a considerable distance. After the corn-fields were devastated the potatoes next received their attention. Only the largest wore eaten in the ground; such as were transportable were carried away and hidden in hollow trees or other retreats for future use. Gourds and pumpkins, even the hardest were gnawed through and eaten. Of green food, such as clover, oats, barley, not a leaf was left standing; even weeds were cut down and the inner parts eaten out. In the house the struggle for existence of these long-tailed invaders was truly amazing. In many of the dwellings hun dreds were killed in a single day. The cats could contribute but little and in fighting such a plague, for not only were many of the rats so large that it would have been an unequal contest, but by their great number they drove the cats actually from the houses, not to return until the plague was passed. Nothing except what is composed of iron, stone or glass was spared from their distructiveness. Fur niture, hats, cloths, books—everything— bore the traces of their teeth. They gnawed the hoofs of the cows and horses in the stable, literally ate up the fat hogs and often bit away the hair of persons during sleep. They penetrated all apart ments and gnawed their way through boards and walls of houses. Ditches that were dug about graineries did not suffice; the mice would crawl over each other and thus reach the top. The foregoing accounts of the occur rence in Lourence will suffice to show to what an extent the plague reached. The same province had suffered similarly in 1843 and 18G3, and in all probability will again in 1879.—Similar plagues, though far less in extent, have occurred in Europe in which the field mice unac countably appear in greatly increased numbers. One may well think what would be the result where these little, al most insignificant creatures everywhere in such wise to take the ascendaney. When one considers that an average of every one or two months from five to eight young are born, and that these young be comes mature in a few months them selves, he will bo surprised to know that a single pair of common field mice in the course of a single summer would increase to 23,000 rodents. Could all the condi tions which now keep them in check be removed every living thing on earth would bo consumed in half a dozen years. THE SEVEN WONDERS OF NEW YORK. What the Metropolis Has to Show in the Way of Great Achievements. New York Comimercial Advertiser. A friend from a distance who intends to make a flying visit to this city’ and wishes to make the best uso of his limited time writes to ask what are the great “sights” of New York, “Will you,” he writes, “clothe yourself with the discrimi nating judgment of a Philo of Byzantium and name the seven wonders of New York;' The seven Wonders of the ancient world, according to this writer, were the pyramids, the hanging gardens at Baby lon, the temple of Diana at Ephesus, the statue of Jupiter at Athens, the mauso leum, the Colossus at Rhodes, and the Pharos of Alexander. Now what are the corresponding wonders of New York?” It would be easy to make fun of this application, but treated seriously it opens an interesting field of inquiry. What might be named as the seven most re markable achievents of mind over matter that this city can show? We put this query to a number of a number of citi zens, and the lists they returned will make a basis for a tentative one of our own se lection. npon which we invite the criti cism of our readers, in order that our friend from the provinces may get the benefit of every point of view. Ohe list is as follows: Th 9 Brooklyn bridge, the aqueduct, statue of Liberty, the elevated railroads, any large office building, including the elevator system fourteen-story flats, the Central depot and approaches. Another list reads: Brook lyn bridge, statue of Liberty, artificial channel at Hell gate, produc-excange building, Casino theater, St. Patrick’s cathedral, John L. Sulivan. A third is: Brooklyn bridge elevated railroads, statue of Liberty, High bridge, Grant’s tomb, subtreasury vaults, St. Patrick’s cathedral. And a fourth makes these selections: Broklyn bridge, Vanderbilt viaduct, Navarro flats, statue of Liberty, the elevated railroads, Central park. Coney island. It will be seen that all opinions concur y in putting the Brooklyn bridge and the statue of Liberty along the seven won ders. Three of the four include in the list the elevated cathedral, a representa tive apartment-house of the sky-scraping pattern and the railroad engineering work of the Vanderbilt roads from the Harlem river to the Grand Central depot as worthy to be classed in the list. By including High bridge under the general appellation of the aqueduct two of the jurors would agree also to include that great work in the schedule of wonders. There remain a number of works that are well worthy of consideration, though named by only a single juror. Grant’s tomb, for instance, possesses a human interest which is unique. Whatever may be the architectural display at the spot its chief interest to visitors will consist in the patriotic associations which center there. The tomb is properly included in any list of scenes in and about New York which an American visitor should see. then there is the sub-treasury building not impressive in architecture, but won derful as a national treasure-house. Here the visitor may be found in any building on the continent, if not in the world, and greater, prabably than any similar collec tion of antiquity. This fact certainly in vest the-trcasury with a neculiar interest. Another suggestive selection is Central park, and Coney island is still another. Much that is wonderful is expressed bv each of these titles. The Hell gate im provements are truly remarkable. Our large office-buildings are also amazing, and they are an absolute novelty in the world. Solomon to the contrary* notwith standing. And then the glimpse at mod ern business afforded by a visit to the produce or the stock exchange is fairly to be ranked among the greatest of me tropolitan marvels. The beautiful Casino theater is a gem in its way, and few would dispute the claims of Mr. John L. Sullivan to prominence in his line. If anybody does dispute those claims, that is the man, as we understand it, that Mr. John L. Sullivan is looking for. Now, out of these lists we venture to suggest, under correction, that the seven wounders of New York are: The Brook lyn bridge, the statue of Liberty, the elevated railroad system, the great flats Central park, the Vanderbilt viaduct, and the subtreasnry vaults. But, as we have said, we are willing to hear criticism on this selection. A FASHIONABLE FOLLY. Long-Handled E> e-Glasses and the Dudines Who Buy and Tse Them. Philadelphia Times, “Will you kindly let me see some of your tortoise-shell lorgnets?” languidly inquired a fashionably-dressed young lady the other day as she stood before the counter in a leading optician’s store on Chestnut street and looked the clerk stead ily in the eye. “Beg pardon; do you mean opera-glass es or eye-glasses?” asked the clerk. “Eye-glasses.” Thereupon the clerk produced a large box, in which was an assortment of the most absurd specimens of the optician’s handiwork ever sold for failing eyesight. They were “lorgnet eye-glasses,” so called because, like the ordinary opera or field glasses, they have to be continually held to the eye while in use. The eye-glass part is shaped like a pair of spectacles, except that instead of two bows to go back over the ears there is a long handle to be held in the hand. Ultra fashionable people have de cided that these are the proper things, and in consequence spectacles, double eye-glasses, and even the single eye-glass or “quiz,” having been rele gated to the use of the vulgar herd. The young lady mentioned bought one of the “lorgnets,” and went out of the store af ter paying a $lO bill for her purchase. “Do you sell many of these things?” was asked of the optician. “Quantities,” he answered, “and the sale of them is constantly increasing. The ‘lorgnets’ were introduced from Eng land about two years ago, but it is only lately that there has been anything of a fashionable craze for them. They are the most ridiculous thing in the way of eye-glasses I ever saw. They are clumsy, and one has to hold them up to the eyes whenever they are used, which becomes quite tiresome in time. I sell them to young ladies mostly, although their mothers buy them too. They hold them to their eyes with a Lady Clara Vere De Vere air and try to look haughty and well bred. My observation is that only women with vary shallow brain-pans use lorgnets. Many order plain glasses in them and extra long handles. The longer the handle the more stunuing the effect and the shallower the brain. Lorg nets are worth from $3 to sl4 each. They are made of tortoise-shell, zylonite, and vulcanite, although I have seen extra fine ones of mother-of-pearl. Some are gold mounted, and cost S3O to SSO. They are mostly for evening use, and are displayed at the theatres or wherever there are peo ple to look at them. At home the lorg net-users are glad enough to wear specta cles or eye-glasses, which further goes to prove that the new-fangled arrangement is only another of Dame Fashion’s freaks. How a Woman Carried Her Point. Atlanta Constitution: The drink ques tion has been settled for some time to tcome in the town of Stockton, Utah. A short time ago the saloons and drug stores of Stockton were notified by a woman that they must stop selling liquor to her husband. No attention was paid to this and the dealers continued to sell as usual. Having tried mild methods and failed, the drunkard’s wife de termined to give the community practical prohibition at one fell swoop, as it were. Asa starter she smashed all the saloon windows, and, in the words of a local chronicler, “raised thunder generally.” But was not enough. It occurred*to this earnest reformer that the way to suppress the liquor traffic was to squelch it, wipe it out, extirpate it. So that night she set fire to two saloons and a drug store. The flame spread rapidly and in a few hours the entire busiaess part of the town was in ashes. With a little more wind the dwellings would have gone also. It cannot be denied that the Stockton wom an carried her point, temporarily at least. L;ke many other zealous reformers, how ever, she is under the ban of public opin ion, and her angry fellow townsmen threaten to hang her to a telephone post as soon as they can find her. This state of affairs renders it impossible for her to remain and enjoy the fruits of her vic tory. The best thing for her to do is to come east and lecture. A New Precious Stone. A now precious stone has lately been brought to the notice of jewellers and the public in discoveries made by Mr. Wil liam Earl Hidden in Alexander county, North Carolina. The stone resembles in many respects the emerald, being of nearly the same color, but is denser and more brilliant. It is named the hidden ite by the late Dr. J. Lawrence Smith, of Louisville, Ky., who was first to recognize its true chemical nature. This new stone is found in close connec tion with the emerald, but does not, like the latter, belong to the bervi family. The story of its discovery as told by Mr. Hidden, is interesting. While carrying on a search for platinum through the southern states, under the patronage of Thomas A Edison, he came across, in Alexander county, a few pieces of bronze which in their edges showed a tinge of color which verged distinctly on that of the emerald. Being an expert minerolo gist he came to the conclusion that a region which could produce bronze hav ing a slight tint of the true emerald, color ought to furnish the pure emerald itself. A vein was subsequently found at a depth of eight feet below the surfao, in which he not only found the true emerald, but with it many slender crystals having emerald i color, but differing from that gem in ■ nearly every other respect. It was to j those slender crystals that the name of hiddenite was applied. It is to-day the rarest among the precious stones, and has not yet been discovered in any other place. The largest one found thus far was three inches long, weighed one-half ounce, and was cut up into gems valued at more than .SI,OOO. Besides the hiddenite and the emerald these mines prod ice numerous specimens of aquamarines, yellow spodumene, cit rine and smoky topaz, rutine garnets and peculiarly beautiful quartz crystal. From the same mine next to the larg est emerald in the world was quarried. The largest is owned by the duke of Devonshire, and weighs but two penny weights more than the one in question, which is hexagonal in form, is 3 inches long, 1 % thick from face to face, and weighs 8?4 ounces. It value in the pres ent uncut state is about $1,500. WOMEN AND THEIR WORK. New Industries Opened Up for the Exercise ©f Their Talents and Tastes. London Qaoen. Among the new industries which art I training has opened up are the beautiful decorative pottery, porcelain, and glass j now being produced on so many sides, on which hundreds of women are employed, j At a recent meeting of one of the princi pal female schools of art in London it was ; suggested that women were specially suit ed for the delicate work of medal making and gem engraving which has been little I practiced in late years. Certainly the j etching on glass, and the exquisite cameo glass produced by the art-trained students at Strourbridge, would lead us to imagine that there was no sort of engraving or cutting which could not be successfully attempted by women; and we may hope that this new opening may in a short time become as flourishing as those which have preceded it. Embroidery is essentially a woman’s sphere, although in ancient times it was practiced by men —and even to-day in Belgium the professional embroiderers are all men. There is something, how ever, to the modern mind out of place in the idea of a man handling a needle for decorative purposes, and it is most cer tainly not a trade which he can exercise better than woman. The Belgian work, more beautiful than any other perhaps as reguards manipula tion, is, however, extremely mechanical, and is devoid of the artistic mirit of the less finely finished work of England and America. It is easy to understand that this should be so when we know that each man excels in someone stitch, which he carries to the greatest possible perfection but he is quite content to work as a mere machine, exercising no thought, nothing but the mechanical dexterity to which he been trained. Each separate part of the embroidery is given to a different hand to do; thus each part is perfect and the whole is reduced to a dead level of ex cellence of a kind it may be —while it is deprived of all the individuality and in terest of true art work. This is quite a different process from that by which Eastern nations work. It is true that special modes of work are practiced only in certain districts or per haps even certain families, but each worker is an artist, and as a rule they have less to guide them, and more is left to individual cleverness than among our selves. A Japanese worker has no guide what ever but his own taste, which has become an instinct; and he may be seen plotting out his coloring, working little bits of ever so many different flowers or birds to get at the right balancing of his shades. The Indian embroiderers who have been brought to this country have not been of the same class and have only produced the very mechanical gold and silver or beetle-wing work; but it is evident from the examination of the best Persian and Indian work that it is quite as much the result of the artistic individuality as any of the Japanese. With the sound artistic training which women are now getting, all the work which is done should be of a higher class. In some of the best colleges it is good to see that each student is made to learn draw ing before she is allowed to embroider; and there is no doubt that she ought in all cases be able to draw, or she will never understand, as she ought, how to keep her lines and curves perfect or how to mass her light and shade. hen embroidery was first revived in England as an art, soma fourteen years a go? the difficulties were great, workers had to be trained, materials manufactur ed; in short, clever women had to edu cate themselves from the study, and of ten the unpicking, of old specimens. It was much that the manual dexterity was gained, and along with it a certain amount of artists effect. Much however, remains to be done; and amongst the number of new schools and societies springing up some certainly surpass the older ones by the very strength which they gain from the better art culture possible to their students, and from the advan tages which are to be had from the study of beautiful examples of Eastern em broidery which are now finding their way westward. There is talk of reviving the lace in dustries in England, in the same way that embroidery has been revived by means of the better educated workers, who would bring more cultivated taste to the task. It needs, however, to be learned young, and a school of lace making to be success ful should begin by training girls of 1G at latest. For real lace of a high-class and of good design there is always a demand, and, with our increased artistic know ledge, it should be possible to introduce a lace that should draw by the beauty of its general effect, and its design, without depending exclusively on its extreme fineness of thread. At one time lace-making was the favorite past:me of our great ladies, and it might easily become so again if it were possible to obtain the needful instruction. The reason of its failure some years ago when it was brought in as fancy work was that it was but imitation after all, done with cotton instead of linen thread, and with machine-made tape. If revived as an art it must be taken in hand in the same spirit as other decora tive wor has been revived. It must sur pass all that has been known before, and with the increased facility of art training now within reach of all, and with the necessity for women’s work being a seri ous item, which is daily increasing in all the older countries, there should be no diftibulty in finding workers who would make the start. There is something ex tremely fascinating about the making of pillow lace, and it is so durable, and in every respect so superior to the machine- ! made imitations, that-these are no more to be feared than the embroidery ma- | chines, which do not in the slightest de- j gree injure hand embroidery, wonderful as the work is which they produce. Women as Homesteaders. A dispatch from Washington says: In the Case of Maria Good, nee Wil cox, of * Kirwin, Kan., on an appeal from the decision of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, following is Sec retary Lamar’s decision in full: To the Commissioner of the General Land Office Sparks. Sir: I have considered the appeal of Maria Good nee Wilcox, from yonr de cision dated July 14, 1886, holding for cancellation her homestead entry No. 15,- 552. Said entry, it appears, was made Sept. 28, 1880, and covers the northeast quarter, section 22, township 3 south range 23 west, Kirwin Kan. Nov. 7, 1885, claimant made a final proof before the Clerk of of the District Court, which proof was on the 11th of the same month rejected by local office “be cause of insufficient residence.” From that action appeal was taken to your of fice. Your decision sets out the follow iug facts as showing by the records in the case to-wit: That claimant was a native born citi zen of the United States, and w oman over 21 years old at the date of entry, soon after which she married: that her hus band was a mechanic and worked in Nor ton, three miles distant: that claimant’s statements are that she stayed in Norton during the bad weather in winter, aside from which she resided continuously on the land; that the testimony of her wit nesses makes it appear that she staved in Norton winters and'on the homestead summers; that she was never absent for more than three months at a time; that she never moved her household goods from th* land, and that the improve ments, which are valued at S6OO, consist of a house, a well, a wind-mill, sheds, an orchard of 128 trees, and fifteen acres under cultivation. Without passing upon the question of residence further than to say that ‘The testimony as to residence is not very clear, except that it was es tablished in November, 1880,” your de cision proceeds to rule the ease upon the fact of the marriage of appellant after having made her entry. On this question you hold that “a woman who makes a homestead entry and subsequently mar ries, before completing the same, for feits her right to acquire title to the land” and for that reason you dismissed the appeal from the action of the local office and hold the entry for cancellation. Section 2,289, of the Revised Statutes, contains the following provisions as to who may enter public lands under the homestead laws: “Every person who is the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of 21 years and is a citizen of the United States, or who has filed declaration of in tention to become such, as required by the naturalization laws, shall be entitled to enter one quarter section, or a less quan tity of unappropriated public lands, up on which such person may have filed a pre-emption claim, or which may at the time the application is made be subject to pre-emption at $1.25 per acre,” etc. Your decision tacitly admits that the applicant, as a single woman, over 24 years of age, and native born, was at the date of her entry qualified under the law quoted to make such entry. The sole question before me for consideration, therefore, is whether the fact of her mar riage after entry and before final proof of itself worked a forfeiture of such rights as she acquired by her entry. I am unable to concur in the conclusions arriv ed at by you oh this proposition. The original homestead act of March 20, 18G2, ! was entitled “An act to secure homesteads to actual settlers on tne public domain.” That act, which is substantially embodied in the Revised Statutes, section, 2,289, prescribes certain prerequisite qualifica tions which must exist in settlers under the law. These qualifications have al ready been mentioned. If found to exist, then what? Actual continuous residence and cultivation must follow, and no cer tificate shall be given or patent issued un til the expiration of five years from date of entry, and then, or within two years thereafter, proof may be made showing continuous residence and cultivation, and that no part of the tract with refer ence to which the proof is offered has been aliienated, except as provided in section 2,288 of the Revised Statutues (2,- 291 R. S.) From the forgoing it seems clear that when once legal qualification co make homestead entry is established, and the land applied for is subject to such entry, then the only remaining questions for the land department to consider are those relative to residence, cultivation and alienation. This being true the fact of the marriage of the claimant in this case after she made her entry cannot of Itself work a forfeiture of any right which she may have acquired by virtue of said entry. It only remains for her to show compliance with the requirements of the homestead law, which are conditions sub sequent in order to entitle her to full le gal title by patent. Her marriage did not of necessity prevent her from remain ing on and improving the tract. The mar- I riage of a woman who has mad* homestead entry may result in her leaving the land which she has entered and establishing a residence elsewhere, and thus indirectly furnishing reason for forfeiture, but the ground of forfeiture in such case would be abandonment, and not the fact of marriage. lam clearly of the opinion that the fact of Maria A. Good's marriage did not in any degree impair the right which she acquired under her entry. Upon reference to the decisions of your office on the question herein in volved, I find that the practice has, so far as I have been able to discover heretofore, been uniform in recognizing the right of a married women to complete a homestead claim initiated by entry before marriage. On Feb. 10, 1874, your office, in passing upon this question, rul ed that a single woman who makes an entry under the homestead laws by marri age provided she fulfills the requirements of the statute as regards settlement and cultivation of the land embraced in her homestead entry.” See also the follow ing cases: Mary Latt decided by your office Aug. 25. 1881; Herman L. Phelps, decided Jan. 9, 1883. In the case of Ros a3!na K enn ®dj nay predecessor Secretary Kirkwood having under consideration the effect of a pre-emption entry held as to a homestead entry that “the marriage of a single woman subsevu*nt to her entry is not a waver or forfeiture of her rights.” Believing as Ido that the prac tice as indicated by the decision cited has been in accordance with the law and that appellant by her marriage lost no rights acquired through her homestead entry I must reverse your decision. I don’t pass upon the prof made, as to residence and cultivation's that has not been acted up on by your office. The papers which ac companied yonr letter of the 6th inst. are returned herewith. Very respectfully, L. Q. C. Lamae, Secy. Basely Deceived. San Francisco Chronicle, Shrieks rang through the corridors of the fourth flour of the fashionable board ing house and echoed down the elevator shaft and stairways. There was a rush to room No. 89. The door was burst open and the boarders rushed in, although it was the bridal chamber. On the lounge the young wife of a day was lying all dis heveled, drumming with her French heels on the carpet and sending forth sceam upon scream from her lovely throat. The husband, a small and elderly man, with a brak like an eagle’s, cowered in a corner. He was pale as as a corpse, and shook from the top of his bald head to the ulti mate toes of his large feet. Agitated ladies fell upon the bride, ripped mysterious strings and jorked hidden buttons from their fastenings. They chafed her jeweled and shapely hands, and threw water into her fair young face, regardless of consequences ; to the new nauve wrapper with a Watteau ■ plait. “What is it. dear?” “What has he done?” “Did he beat you?” “Did he choke you?” “\N hy did you marry the scoundrel, the i villain?” These were a few of the questions that rattled upon her like a charge from a shot-gun, The bride struggled to a sitting posi tion. and glaring wildly at the corner where the little man shrunk and shivered, pointed at him. “He deceived me—he that man!” she gurgled. “Yes! Y'es!” “How. dear? How?” “He said he was worth over half a mill- j ion!” She shrieked again. “Veil!” roared the little man. goaded by the stabs of dozens of indignant and loathing eyes. “Yell, vot of it? She wouldn’t have mitout.” “He's only,” sobbed the bride, -he’s only worth $200,000!” “Monster!” This by a chorus of twenty. And the pauper husband returned cow ed to his corner, and observad in miser able silence the practice of the art of : bringing a pure-souled and suffering woman out of a fit of hysterics without medical assistance. THE BARTHOLDI STATUE. Description of the Great Figure of “Liberty Enlightening the World.” The plan of Bartholdi’s gigantic statue of liberty, which was unveiled on Thurs day, Oct. 28th, on Bedloe’s Island, New York Harbor \ias first launched upon the public by the French-American Union in the year 1874, at the time when the world was alive with preparations for the cele bration of our then approaching centen nial in 1876. The measurement of the statue which represents “Liberty Enlight ening the World” is as follows; From bottom to top of torch, 151.14 feet; height of bottom foundation of pedestal above low water mark, 13 feet; height of foun dation mass, 52.10 feet; height of pedestal proper, 89 feet; total height to" top of torch above mean low water mark, 305.11 feet. The forefinger is nearly 8 feet 3 inches in length, and 4 feet 7 inches in circumference at the second joint; the head is 14 feet 4 inches in height; tho eye is over 2 feet wide, while the nose is 3 feet 6 inches in length. At the Univereal Ex position in 18/8 about forty persons were accommodated in the head, and the torch above tne heau will easily hold twelve persons. The total weight is about 441,- 200 pounds, of which three-fifths are iron and two-fifths are copper. The whole work represents an outlay of nearly $200,000, including gifts, gratuitous work and the losses of those who have devoted their labors to the work. Two large and handsome bronze tablets nave been placed on the sides of the cen ter arch on the seaward side of the base of the pedestal. They bear the following inscriptions; THIS PEDESTAL Was built by voluntary contributions from the people of the United States of America, CONSTRUCTIVE AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE: William 31. Evarts, Chairwam; Richard But ler, Secretary; Henry E. Spaulding, Treasurer. Joseph W. Drexel, N. 3Lumford 3loore, Parke Goodwin, Frederic A. Potts, James W, Pinchot. Richard 31. Hunt, Architect; General Charles P Stone, Engineer-in Chief; David H. Kintr, Jr, Builder. Completed A. D. 1886. A gi. i from the people of the Republic of France to the p< oplo of the Unite J States. This statue of LIBERTY ENLIGHTENING THE WORD Commemorates the alliance of the two nations m achieving the independence of the United States of America, and attests their abiding friendship. Inaugurated Oct. 28, 1886. Auguste Bartholdi, Sculptor. The statue is tho largest of its kind that has ever been constructed. Even the Colossus at Rhodes was but a minature compared with this, and the other im mense statues of the world are but pig mies when placed beside this one. The Column \ endome from base to summit was only 144 feet; the Arminius in West phalie, 92 feet; the St. Charles Borromeo, 75 feet; the Virgin of Pny, 52 feet, and the Bavaria at Munich, 51 feet. Favorite Drinks of Great Men. New York Mail and Express. Tom Reed drinks water when he is at home. Senator Frye, of Maine, drinks mineral waters. Secretary Bayard loves a good big drik of pure rye slightly mellowed with water. Secretary Manning is a temperate man, but he can enjoy a small bottle occaion ally. Joe Blackbnrn, of Kentucky, drinks whisky, and likes to imbibe it out of a tin cup. Nearly all the New York city statesmen drink beer at home and wine in Washing ton. __ Senator Edmunds still sticks to the fes tive cock-tail and does not like to drink alone. A glass of champagne sipped slowly rouses Sunset Cox to ebullitions of wit as nothing else can. Senator Ingalls’ favorite drink is a mys tery, but some of his brother senators say it is vinegar. Secretary Lamar drinks anything that comes along, and does it as a southern gentleman should. Senator Saulsbury, of Delaware, is par tial to a whisky sour now and then. It gives him inspiration. Attorney General Garland can drink anything and in any style. Aqua fortis would not move his nerves. Senator Beck, of Kentucky, thinks that any man who spoils good whisky with water is a heathen. President Cleveland is not averse to good whisky, but he prefers plain, every day beer as a oeverage. Die Company to Blame. Texas Siftings. One of the passengers in an Austin street car was in a particular hurry, but the car in which he was, moved as slow as the prosecution in the New York boodle cases. “What’s the matter with that mule? Isn't he well?” asked the impatient pas senger. “The mule isn't to blame for all this slowness. It’s the Austin street car com pany that's to blame,” replied the driver. “How’s that?” “M hy, you see, the company pays us by the month so we ain't in a hurry; but if it paid us by the trip I could get 2:16 out of that mule. You bet I’d make him hump himself.” SALARIES IV NEW YORK. I The Beggarly Pittance Earned In New York Clerks and Salesmen—Wages of Working- Women. Utttca Herald. Comptroller Loew has announced that hereafter he will not pay any part of a clerk s salary to the loan broker, who have so long fattened on this kind of usury, says a New York letter to the Uttica Her ald. The pressure to which salaried men are subject makes them incessant borrow ers, and after they have run in debt else where as much as possible they apply to the salary-brokers, a class which has reached a permanence, if not respecta bility. Some of their number limit loans to |5 or $lO a month, and find their cus tomers in retail clerks. Others hang round the postoffice and city hall and deal out large sums but the best" pickings are found at the customs-house, where most of the officials live a mouth ahead and pay large fees for cash advances. The salary broker under such favorable cir cumstances can clear $2,000 a year, and in an easy manner on the shaves inflicted on others. W hen a clerk's wages are mortgaged a mouth ahead he is so afraid that his employer will find it out that he pays in self-defense. Secrecy, indeed, is of the highest im portance, and hence all sush transactions are advertised as “confidential.” This fact has led ' Comptroller Loew to his de termination to oppose the ruinous sys tem. He will pay no more salary orders to brokers, and if any order is presented it will not be paid until an explanation is given why personal application is not made. It is one of the common com plaints among salaried men that they can not live on their income. No won der, for New Y r ork salaries are very low compared with expenses. Clerks in re tail stores get from $5 to sls a week, and the latter is paid only to the best salesmen. Bookkeepers receive from SSOO to SI,OOO, though a few fa vored men in fat places get $2,- 000 a year. Situations in the post office at SSOO are in great demand, and clerkships in public offices at $1,500 are among the spoils of party success. Such a berth, indeed, is often sought for by bribery —that is, by paying $5 a week bonus for the appointment. Now when you consider that a set of apartments costs, S2O, and that a flat three stories high rents from $35 to $lO a mouth, it is not surprising that salaried men should be almost always in debt. There has been for several years a reduction in salaries of all kinds, owing to severe com petition in trade. Among the poorest paid class is the galemen at the elevated road, who only get $2 25 a day and yet many of them are married. There is a great pressure, however, to get even such an immense number of people in search of work that the very smallest salaries are accepted. Multitudes of young men are now tempted to come to this city by the ad vertisements for clerks, bookkeepers, salesmen, and other help, most of which is a mere decoy. The object of the ad vertisers is to fleece the unwary. and they find their most facile victims in country youths. Here is a sample of some of these decoys: “A first-class salesman, of pleasing ad dress, who can loan $1,300 on undoubted security, is wanted to solicit orders for an established firm. Salary SIOO per month, or a liberal commission. Address Business, box office. “A partner wanted with S4OO. An edu cated young man in the auction, real estate, and store agency, letting and col lecting rents. Apply to P. G., auctioneer, Bowery.” The sole object of the advertiser is to get possession of the victims, and as this can not be done in a direct manner a little trickery is necessary. The appli cant finds the ‘'business man” in an office where books are shown to prove the profit of the proposed transaction, but after the money is paid it does not take more than a day or two to reveal the fraud. Every dollar that the victim has invested is lost, and when he applies to the police office more money is wanted. The police will not trouble themselves with such matters without pay, for they know that nothing will be got out of the knaves, and at last the poor dupe wall find him self left to make the most out of his costly experience. Such cases are oc curring daily, and this will continue as long as the supply of greenhorns is un exhausted. One bf the most painful features in metropolitan life is the degradation of women. Ido not here refer to anything of a vicious nature, but simply to the effect of extreme poverty. It is always pitiable to see the sex forced to unfemi nine employments, but it is a common thing here. I have seen a woman cut ting grass with a sickle in an uptown lot in order to make hay for the winter sup port of a goat. I have seen a woman bring home a board from some demolish ed building and then try to break it up for fuel by pounding it on the sidewalk with a stone. I saw anotner wowan car rying coal in a pail up three pairs of stairs to her room in a tenement house, She had bought a small load of this ar ticle and was thus storing it away. A large part of the chiffoniers or rag and waste-paper pickers are women, and | what horrid looking creatures they are! I On the other hand, a dealer in fashions i told me that there are hundreds and even I thousands of women who spend $25,000 annually on dress. It may be difficult to imagine the feetings of this fashion wor shipping crowd, buL how much mere so to imagine those of a woman so degrad ed that a rag picked from the streets is a prize. Taking a general view, New’ York life is not favorable to woman. Among the rich the idleness of luxury wastes its victims into helplessness, while among the poor one notices that disproportion ate degree of hardship which so often stamps the countenance with fearful ugli ness. You can find the most repulsive creatures here that can be imagined, some of whom would have justified Mac beth’s exclamation Each at once her choppy fingers la. ing Upon her sionny 1 ps. Undeniable. “Mr. Jones,” said the bones at the min strels, with the insinuating voice for which he ceased to be famous some time during the reign of Elizabeth, ‘‘can you tell me how to invest money so that it will go the farthest?” “No, Mr. Thompson, I am not aware that I can. How do you invest money so that it will go the farthest?” “Why, buy postage stamps, to be sore.” Appearances Against Her. New York Sun. Old Lady (suffering from hiccougs to drug clerk) —Young —man, I want to —get some liquor — Clerk (hastily) —Can't do it, madame. You’ve had enough alrea — Old Lady (rigidly)—Some liquorice.