Newspaper Page Text
Wood Cos. Reporter.
A- H Pom a it* b, Editor aud Prop. GRAND RAPIDS, - WISCONSIN The Egyptians and the Phoenicians are joint claimants for the honor of the invention of water croft. In ISGO we produced Go,oou tons of paper; in 1890 1,200,000 tons, or 150,- 000 tons more than the total product of European paper mills. Nineveh, the ancient city, was 14 miles long and 8 miles wide, surround ed by a wall 100 feet high and 29 feet wide. People who cherish those they know to he dishonest should not complain when they are robbed. Cancer has been discovered in Ameri can brook trout in a pond in New Zea land. it was supposed that the disease was unknown to fishes. The city hall of Philadelphia, the largest and most costly in the United States, contains the largest clock in the world. The line between prudence and sel fishness is not drawn clear enough to keep most people from getting on to the wrong side. The fumes exhalations from the sul phur springs of Colorado can be dis tinguished at a distance of fully twen ty miles. A Kansas farmer who had had much trouble in shipping eggs, at last suc ceeded in getting a consignment deliv ered in good order by marking the box “dynamite.” The groat organ in the old Mormon church at Salt Lake City has 2,704 pipes, each thirty-two feet long and large enough to admit the body of a man of ordinary size. A ten-pound cannon ball was recently dug up at Lakeside, Ind. It has been Identified as a relic of the times when Mad Anthony Wayne was in command thereabouts. The very finest specimen of engraved gem now in existence Is a head of Nero carved on a first water diamond by the brothers Castanzl in the year 1790 A. D. Lawrence, Kan., is said to contain Several girls who imagine they are so pretty that they are afraid to appear on the streets in a crowd, for fear of being kidnapped. The now Mormon temple will be dedi cated at Salt Lake, April 0, 1803. The construction of the building was be gun forty years ago, and it has cost $2,500,000. The proposed underground electric railway in London, if sanctioned, will bo 1(5 feet under the Thames, 08 feet beneath Regent’s park and 85 feet be low Oxford street. Tho Dinted States contains 70,000 lawyers, 11.000 of whom are in New York '*ity. making the proportion there about one to every 160 of tbo popula tion. Franco, with a population of 40.- 000,000, lias but 6,000 lawyers, and Germany has only 7,000 out of a popu lation of 50,000,000. The New South Wales government Is floating a loan of three millions sterling right at home amongst its own people, j This is an ambitious experiment in a colony that has grown from next to nothing to its present estate within the memory of men now living. A Canadian who favors the annexa- : tion of Canada to the United States ex- I presses the opinion that “political union j may not come about while Queen Vic- ; tori a lives, but her death will strain the sentimental tie between Canada and England.” The Norman term “rnaire,” after wards Anglicized ‘‘mayor,” was intro duced in tin' reign of Henry 11., and it was King John who first granted the citizens of London the right of electing n mayor annually. The prefix of “lord” and the style of “right honorable” were granted by Edward HI, in 1354. An Englishman has invented a rub ber stud for floor and stairs. It con sists of a small iron plate with a nail projecting from under the surface, ■ground which rubber is molded. It is Ixcd in place by a blow of the ham mer. the advantage being that when worn it can be easily removed and re placed by others. Scientists are now talking learnedly of “suggestive therapeutics.” A year ngo it was called “hypnotism.” before that, “mesmerism,” and not a great while before that, witchcraft. ’I he ancients wore rather lacking in diction aries. but they appear to have ha-1 • re coil eut eyesight. There is a touch of humor In the fact that mosquito and musket are from the same root, the latin word for fly. One comes through the Spanish xnasoa, a fly; the other probably through the Italian. The popular no tion that the Mosquito coast of Central America gave name to the Jersey pest f.s probably an inversion of the true sequence. The prominence of electricity in chemical processes is again brought forward by the announcement of the discovery of anew electric process for obtaining caustic soda, chlorine and other commercial chemicals from salt water. Electro-chemical industries al ready well established include such im portant branches as the reduction of aluminium and alluminium alloys, bleaching, tanning and the extraction of metals from ore. Should this new process prove wholly successful, it is expected to reduce the price of these commercial chemicals one-half. The water of the sea ■will then be the “raw material” from which these products are derived, f-ud tariff discussion about them can bo stopped. CONDENSED NEWS. Uncle Sam’s dispute with Venezuela is settled. A negro boy of fifteen is executed in Georgia. The Briggs heresy trial has begun in earnest in New York. An explosion occurs on a boat at Du luth, hiding two persons. A most daring bunk robbery is com mitted at A den town, N. J. England’s proposals have been sub mitted to the monetary conference. A drunken street car conductor in .Minneapolis shoots two men,one fatally. Having been defeated in the chamber of deputies, the French ministers resign. The heresy charges against Drs. Briggs and Smith have been ooicial.y approved. President Carnot, of France, has called upon M. Revsson to lorm a eau inet. Representatives of western roads are making efforts to organize a tonnage pool. The Western Passenger association adopted decisive measures to slop rate cutting. Mr. Gorman, it is announced, will be President Cleveland s spokesman in the senate. The extensive disdlieiy of Consul Smith, at He l beck, Denmark, burned to i the ground. ! One hundred and eighteen cases of : typhoid lever were reported In St. Lotus | on the 29 th. An epidemic of typhoid fever prevails among students at the Ohio Metiicoi College, Cincinnati. A safe in the post office at Marengo, ! 111., was biown open, and all the stamps and cash on hand taken. Each of the six convicted Toledo, 1 Ohio, boodiers has been sentenced to i pay a line of s2su and costs. Carl Gustav Landmark, commander of ! the Swedish naval reserve, died at I Stockholm, aged GO years. This winter Jay Gould will pass in Texas, where he wifi supervise the cou ! si rue lion of the White Oaks railway. Friedrick Saatz, an original character of Halle, known among students as Pfeifen Saatz, died, aged 73 years. David Good, a resident of Nevada, Ohio, took an overdose of morphine for some ailment and died from the effects. St. Louis as well as Si. Paul, has a “dream case,” a barber being arrested for murder on the strength of a dream. J. O. Hinds, an employe of the Chi cago Natural Gas company, was shot by Lewis Haynes, a neighbor, at Elwoou, lud. A passenger train was held up at Mal ta, Mont., ou the 29th, by three men, who secured the local safe irom the express car. Mrs. Joseph Filey, aged 51, was burn ed in a coil oil explosion at her home in V irginia, ill., so badly that she died a few horns later. 'J he Ilankinson packing plant of Sioux City has been purchased by the Cud ahys of Chicago, it is the largest pack ing plant in lowa. '4he Nicaragua Canal convention as sembled in New Orleans on the 3Ulh. There is a large attendance and good results are anticipated. A "seminary social settlement” is to be founded in connection witn the Chi cago Theological seminary to furnish object lessons to students. John F. Connolly, additional law judge of Lackawanna county, died at Scran ton, Pa. He was 39 years old and was elected to the bench live years ago. The democrats of Nebraska, accord ing to an Omaha dispatch, hope to gain another United States senator as a re sult of coutests in legislative districts. The Farmers’ National Bank at Allen town, N. J., was on the 29ih robbed by two men, who at the point of revolvers forced the cashier to hand over $2,709. Gustav Ilaudt, who murdered an old widow, named Van du Heide, at Oeder guart, near Stade, July 5, 1892, was sentenced to death by the court of Stade. Congressman Lewis Steward, of Illi nois eighth congressional district, will contest the seal in congress of Robert A. Childs, who had a plurality of 17 votes. President Graves of the defunct Com mercial bank of Dubuque, has returned from Arizona to stand trial for making false reports to the comptroller of tue currency. Dick Berlin and Charley Hayes, two notorious burglars of South Omaha, have been arrested, charged with the murder of Charles Miller, Lite mayor of the city. Miss Sophonisba Brockenridge, daugh ter of Col. W. C. I*. Breckemidge, of Kentucky, has taken the proper exam ination for admission to the bar and she is now a full-hedged lawyer. The acting director of the mint is in formed that the coiners at the Phila delphia mint made their hrst delivery of the World’s fair souvenir coins to Su perintendent Bosbyshell yesterday. The pool established by the presi dents of the Trunk Line association Nov. 16 for dividing all the competitive west-bound freight traffic between New York and Chicago, went into effect on the Ist. George M. Harris, of Richmond, Ind., whose conduct has offended his neigh bors, was captured by a crowd of men. tied, gagged, and a noose placed around his neck. He saved his life by promis ing to leave town. Mrs. Maggie Bradley, who was re cently tried and acquitted for the mur der of a baby, has been told by the women of Willis, Kas., to leave the county in ten days or they would tar and feather her. William Freyvogol, one of the jury men in the recent Critchlow trial at Homestead, has been discharged from his position at the instance of H. C. Frick, because of his stand on the Critchlow verdict. Hans Christian Arentzen, a manufac turer of Copenhagen, bequeathed his estate, SBO,OOO, to the municipality of Horsens, his native town, to be used for the erection of homes for aged artis ans or their widows. At a meeting held at Montreal on the 2Sth to discuss the political future of Canada a vote was taken which result ! cd; For independence, 1,614; for an negation, DDL’; for present condition. 3G4: for imperial federation, 20. The total collections of internal rev enue for the first four months of the present fiscal year were $50,253,020, an increase of $4,332,752 compared with the codections during the corresponding period of the last fiscal year. Fur the second time this year, a rob bery on the Idinois, lowa & Indiana railroad occurred on the 29 th between Dwight and Buda station, 111. Each time the amount secured was $2,000 and the United States Express company is the loser. A dispatch from Davenport, la., says that ex-Messenger G. 1. Bagley will plead guilty whim his case is called In the district court for the embezzlement of SIOO,OOO from the United Stat s Ex press company. His plea will be tem porary insanity. The St. Paul, Minneapolis anil Man itoba railroad company.by its attorneys, has filed with the secretary ot the in terior its deed of reconveyance to Hi? government for 45,000 acres of land within the place limits of its grant in North Dakota. Arrangements have been completed for a consolidation of the Werner Print ing and Lithographing company of Ak ron, 0., and the R. S. Peale company of Chicago. The uew r company will be capitalized at $3,500,000, and all work will be done in Akron. Henry S. Ives, the young Napoleon of finance, was married in Lockport, N. Y., to Miss Helen Gertrude Sears, Nov. 21. The wedding was such a quiet affair that none but the immediate relatives and most intimate friends of the con tracting parties knew of it. Patrick Hurst, of Clucago, was placed on trial on the 29th, in Judge Baker’s court. Hurst killed his wife Feb. 5 by stabbing her forty times with a huge seaman’s knife. After his arrest he confessed the crime. The defense will try to prove Hurst iusaue, Virginia Penny, the pioneer in the movement to extend the possibilities of employment for women,is living in New York in pitifully destitute circum stances. She has suffered much from sickness and poverty, for she has never realized much from her books. At a wedding in the village of Gross Brueskow, near Stolzs, the 300 guests consumed eight calves, one steer, four hogs, 150 chickens, 300 pounds of fish, 1,000 pounds of Hour, 200 pounds of butter, 700 eggs, ten barrels of beer, seventy-five gallons of liquor., etc., the the market value being SSOO. The body of a man supposed to bo Weed Knapp was found on the track of the Hudson river road near the rolling mill, Poughkeepsie, on the 29 th. The top of his head above his ears was nearly cut off. The remains were brought to Coroner Frost’s rooms. ►Secretary Noble has approved the role of the Cheyenne River and the Standing Rock bauds of Indians in the Dakotas to whom the $200,000 appro priated by the act of Jan. 19, 1891, is to be paid. It is expected that the money will be in the hands of the agents for payment within the next two weeks. Acting Secretary Spaulding made a further modification of the regulations governing the admission of immigrants on the 30th. Under it all vessels from foreign ports regardless of whether they carry immigrants will be allowed to proceed as far as the local quarantine stations at Philadelphia and Baltimore. The favorable economical conditions of the people of Denmark is well dem onstrated by the report of the deposits in the 544 savings banks within the kingdom. The deposits amounted to 505,002,041 crowns or dollars. The in crease during last year was $8,003,020. The lumber linn of Bills & Koch, of Toledo, 0., has failed. The firm’s as sets are about SBB,OOO, but the liabilities will exceed that amount. At Tecumseh, Mich., the Tecumseh bank closed on hearing of the failure of the Toledo firm. Its liabilities are $150,000 and as sets SBB,OOO. The Census Bureau on the 30th gave statistics for 1890 of the manufacturing industries of Lincoln, Neb. Number of establishments reported, 117; number of industries reported, 38; capital in vested, $1,911,889; hands employed, 1.518; wages paid, $930,075; cost of materials used, $1,278,803; value of products, $3,018,837. How We Fall Asleep. Scientific investigators assert that in beginning to sleep the senses do not unitedly fall into slumber, but drop off one after another. The sight ceases in consequence of the protection of the eyelids to receive impressions first,while all other senses preserve their sensi bility entire. The sense of taste is the next which loses its susceptibility to im pression. and the sense of smelling. The hearing is next in order, and last of all comes the sense of touch. Furthermore, the senses are brought to sleep with different degrees of profoundness. The sense of touch sleeps the most lightly and is the most easily awakened; the next is the sight, and the taste and smell awake last. Another remarkable circumstance deserves notice; certain muscles and parts of the body begin to 'sleep before others. Sleep com mences at the extremities, beginning with the feet and legs and creeping toward the center of nervous action, explains the American Analyst. The necessity of keeping the feet warm :atd perfectly still as a preliminary of sleep is well known. From these explana tions it will not appear surprising that there should be an imperfect kind cf mental action which, produces the phe nomena of dreaming. The Two liuttons. Who knows why the two buttons are worn on the back of men’s coats? No one seem-, and to have given the matter a thought until a Chinaman asked a missionary, who could not tell. In vestigation showed that they are a sur vival of a semi-barbaric custom and that they were originally sewed on to a belt at a time when every gentleman wore a sword. The first number of the Wellesley magazine has just been issued. Miss Florence Converse, ’93, will be the edi tor-in-chief for the coming year. The big panniers of 1720 were worn with a “creaker,” a bustle made of linen cloth, gummed and folded, which squeaked outrageously with the slight est movement of the wearer. BASKS AXDSAXKING. Proi. Kinlev’s Able Paper Before the Contemporary Club. ? A Wisconsin University Professor Intelligently Discussed an Important Une-rion Work of Clearing; Houses, Merits of U. 8. Bonds and Many Other Topics Treated. lii M a arson a few evening's since Prof. David Kinley, of the economic de partment of the Wisconsin university, gave a practical address on 1 he Use of National Banks hi Government Finan cial Operations. An unusually large and cul nired audience assembled at the meet ing of the Contemporary club at the Unitarian church last evening. The public had been well informed as to the program, the reading of an original paper on The Use of National Banks in Government Financial Operations, by Professor Davi 1 Kinley, of the uni versity, and a discussion of the paper by Mr. N. B. Van Slyke, president of the First National bank, and oilier citi zens versed In finance. Mr. Kiulcy's paper was a very able production and showed careful research. “The opinion has been expressed,” said Prof. Kinley, “that the proper in stitutions for keeping the government deposits and for managing cris’s are the banks and the clearing houses. The statement can be narrowed some what to the national banks and the clearing houses. It is not necessary to discuss here the comparative merits of national and state banks. But only the national banks should be used because they are the only ones over which the national government can exorcise di rect control. The national banking sys tem has faults, but it has served Its purpose of furnishing a uniform and safe currency so long that it ought to be preserved. Its failure to make our currency elastic is due in part, to un wise regulations as to the security and redemption of notes and to the use of the reserve; but more so to other inde pendent features of our currency sys tem, especially the use of government notes, and to our silver policy. But these are defects that can bo remedied. “Any proposal for a more extended nse of the national banks as public de positories, and for enlarging their func tions as regulators of the currency,” confined the speaker, “must, of course, have in view the fact that in a few years more the system will pass out of existence, and must, therefore, include some suggestion for its perpetration in some form. The plan about to be out lined assumes that the national bank ing system win be continued. There is really no good reason why it should be allowed to disappear for the only condition affecting its existence which will soon change in the extinction of the national debt. But it is difficult, to what valid objection can be made to basing the circulation on other bonds. The law permits the secretary of the treasury to accept other than United States bonds as security for public de posits; if there are other bonds which are. in the opinion of congress, suffi ciently secure for that purpose, it may fairly be assumed that congress should consider these same bonds a sufficient surety for bank issues. “Promising then that he national banking system /will be continued. Prof. Kinley said that the independent treasury with its had influence on the money market, could be replaced with the banks as depositories by modifying the banking laws in accordance with the following suggestions: “1 Make the clearing houses of the four or five most important cities in different sections of the country agents of the government in its relations with the banks, dividing the country into departments and putting one of the clearing houses at the h ad. for govern ment business of all the banks in a de partment. “2. Every national bank to become a member of the dealing houso in its section or department. “3. Deposit all government money In the national banks with the excep tions noted below, and require all gov ernment receipts and payments to pass through these banks as fax as possible, on these conditions; “The bank seeking to become a gov ernment depository shall deposit with its clearing house bonds of the charac ter required as security for circulation, of such amount as in the discr tion of the secretary may be required, but never to be suffered to become less than the par value of the amount of public money hold by the bank. The clearing house shall have the right to reject, under general rules adopted by all the clearing houses and approved by the secretary of the* treasury, any of the bonds offered that it deems un safe. and shall then forward those deemed safe to the United States treas urer at Washington. On receipt of these bonds by the treasurer, the banks shall on the order of the treasurer, re ceive a deposit of public money from its clearing house, if there is a surplus there, or else by transf r from any de partment where a surplus lies, and shall also be appointed a collector and disburser of public money under proper regulations.” In continuing the speaker said that another condition was that all deposi tory banks should make daily reports to their respective clearing houses, and the clearing houses to the secretary of the treasury. Any loss to the govern ment from false returns from any bank or from depreciation of the bonds de posited should be made good by the clearing house to which that bank be longs. All drafts for government money shall be made directly on the banks. If any bank fails to pay a draft on de mand. any other national bank may at its discretion do so. and shall then be reimbursed on presentation of the draft with proof of us dishonor, lor the principal, and uiu rest, by the clearing house of the and partmem in which the defaulting bank is -hunt ed. All government mou y shall be d*- posited in the banks in accordance with the foregoing provisions, exo pt th- SIpO.OUO,OUO of gold commonly known as the greenback reserve, and th gold or silver bullion on deposit to secure coin or bullion certificates. The following provisions for elastic city of the currency ar‘ suggested; ‘■Circulating notes should be issued on deposit at Washington of such bonds as have already b n and<■ scribed, or on de posit of gold or of gold and bonds, and the amount of issue should be the par value of the deposit. In a crisis aeh hank should be allowed to expand its issue of notes l!d per c nt. ov r th" par value of the bonds deposited, provid and tlie bonds do not fall h low par on ac count of the crisis. and each hank shottl! also he allowed to deposit irold coin or bullion as a basis for the further issue of not v> in the same ratio, to lie held on special deposit at its clearing house for the purpose of redemption. In or der to avoid and lay in a crisis each bank should at all times keep at its clearing house on special deposit, a certain amount of extra notes. These notes should be sealed away under the seal of a United States inspector, and an account of th m should at all times be kept with the treasurer of the United States. “Permission to use th se extra notes for the purpose of the expansion just spoken of must be secur and from the secretary of the treasury.” said Prof. Kinley. “and the sc rotary shall give such permission under the following circumstances and then only: Ho must have r ceived from the clearing house notification of the necessary deposit, and the rate of discount on call loans in New York city must have r ached eight per cent. All net profit over one per c nt. accruing from this extra issue of notes must be credited to the gov ernment. No bank shall discount below eight per cent, while any notes of this extra issue are outstanding, and any bank may offer a premium on such notes in order to call them in. If any of them are outstanding at the end of one month the bank may be requir ed at the discretion of the secretary of the treasury to deposit gold coiu or bullion to cover the excels, aud at the end of two months such d* posit shall be required. All the usury laws of the states should be repealed, so far at least as they relate to short time loans, and no national bank should be allowed to make discounts for a longer time than ninety days. “The payment, of interest on de posits,” said Prof. Kinley, “should be forbidden and the law which allows de posits of country banks in banks of r serve cities to count as part of the reserve of both, should be repealed. Every national bank should be forbid d n to pay out the notes of any other, but should be compelled to receive them at par and forward them to its clearing hous- for redemption. Each bank should keep at its clearing house a redemption fund equal to five p- r cent, of its circulation. If any bank should fail to redeem a note of its own issue on demand, the holder may seek its payment by either of the methods provided for the pa.tunent. of govern ment drafts and the affairs of the de faulting bank shall immediately be put into the hands of a receiver and its af fairs wound np. A reserve of at least twenty per cent, of deposits shall al ways be kept on hand, exc pt when the discount rate on call loans at any of the central cities in which the clear ing houses are situated rises to ten per cent., the reserve of any bank in that department may be allowed to fall to fifteen per cent, of its total de posits. In a crisis charing house cer tificates may he issued subject to the regulations which now govern their issue in New York city. “There is nothing in these proposals," continued Prof. Kin ley, “tliat involves a wide and parture from institutions and methods already familiar, and they pro vide for the ultimate safety and the prompt payment of the public deposits' for expansion of the currency in crises, for the prevention of congestion of money at gr at centers, and for vari ation in the volume of bank currency in response to business demands. No mention is made in them of “lawful money’ other than sold as a provision for reserve. It would ho a great pre caution. for future safety if the exist ing government notes were retired and their place supplied by bank currency. In that event the banks should bo taxed so as to secure for the public at least as much as the net profit, allowing for trouble and expense, derived from the government notes. The currency of the country would then be more elas tic. because more purely commercial. The provisions for the safety of the public deposits are ample, for only bonds of first class character could be accepted and only after receiving the approval of both the clearing house and the secretary of the treasury. Finally, the adoption of this or some similar plan,” conclud'd the speaker, “would put an end to the injurious influence on the business of the country which the action of the Independent treasury has so long exercised, and which increases as the years pass by. The tim° has come for the adoption of a more en lightened system." An Attractive Power. Professor Smithe was once lecturing in a provincial town on natural philoso phy, and in the course of his experi ments he introduced a most powerful magnet, with which he attracted a Hock of steel from a distance of two feet. “Can any of you conceive a greater attractive power?” demanded the lectur er. with an air of triumph. “Yes, sir; I can,” answered a voice from the audience. “Not a natural terrestrial object?” “Yes, indeed, sir.” The lecturer, somewhat nettl'd, chal lenged the man who had spoken to name the article. Then up rose old Timothy Tinkle. Said he: “I will give you the facts, professor, and you can judge for your self. MTien I was a young man there was a little piece o’ natural uagnet, done up in calico and dimity, as was called Betsy Mariar. She could draw me fourteen miles every Sunday, over plowed Land, just as natural as you'd sit down to your breakfast, Tlr re wasn’t no resistin’ her. That ere magnet o’ yourn is pretty good, but it isn’t anyth ing to Betsy Mariar.”—Selected. THE BROKER WIZARD J iy Gould Fails a Victim to Pu! monary (Vmsumj.tion and Passes Away. Sketch of one of ilie h vt Roman tic Careers of tile Pres ent Century. Enormous Fortune Lett (• Six Surviv in-r Children—Other Fads. Xf.w York. Dec. 2, — Jay Gould died this morning- at 9:20 o’clock. He troubles were diagnosed as consump tion of the stomach, supplemented with a bilious attack. The direct cause of Mr. Gould's death, as stated at the house this morning, was pulmonary consumption. The scene at the house at midnight was not extraordinary. It was stated at that time that the strong master mind had ceased to batt’e for life. His children were at his bedside and they recognized that the hopes of the past few days were vanishing and that the end was not far off. They tearfully admitted this to a few close personal friends, and then began the vigil which only ceased when the last breath left the body. Dr. Mann, his physician, had Dr. Janeway in consultation, but they said that nothing could be done but make Mr. Gould’s last hours as omfortable as possible. W hen the end came the members of the family who were in the house were: Mr. and Mrs. George Gould, Mr. and Mrs. Elwin Gould, Miss Helen Gould, Mr. Howard Gould, Mr. Harold Gould and Miss Annie Gould. Jay Gould was bora m West Settl*- ment, a backwoods village of Koxburv, Delaware county, N. Y., May 27, 1836. He was the sen of John B. Gould, a farmer, who was fairly well-to-do, and who had been a deputy sheriff in the famous anti-rent war in the early ‘2o’a. Young Gould was also a cousin of Alfred Gould, the inventor of the chain well pump, and was closely connected with the Mores, a prominent Scotch family, and others well known in the county. His mother died when he was an infant. Mr. Gould left home with 50 cents in [ his pocket and studied at Hobart academy, in a neighboring town. Here he earned an extra penny bv keeping the books of the village blacksmith, eventually enjoying - a brief partnership in the business. He was fond of mathe matic--, and on leaving - school found em ployment in making surveys for a map of Ulster county at a salary of S3O per month. The correctness of the work attracted the attention of John Dela field, who applied to the Legislature f o authorize a map of the .State to be made, in which .Mr. Gould would have a prominent part of the work. The work failed, owing to the death of the promoter, and Mr. Gould, having gained 53,000 or $4,000 through his previous maps and surveys, wrote a “History of Delaware County.” After an unsuccessful attempt to push the sale of a patent mouse trap, which he had invented, Mr. Gould en tered into partnership with Zadoo Pratt in the tannery business. In 1856 the patent was sold, and Gould came to New York with quite an addition tc his fortune. He entered into business with Charles D. Leupp, leather mer chant. In the paric of 1857 Leupp’s cap ital was wrecked, but Gould managed to come through without severe loss. Gould's father-in-law, Mr. Miller, in itiated the young financier into Ihe railroad business and sold him a num ber of shares in the Rutland & Wash ington railroad at 10 cents on the dollar. Gould showed so much inter est that he was soon elected president and general manager of the road, ami finally consolidated it with the Rens selaer & Saratoga railroad. When the stock went up Gould sold out at a handsome profit. BULL OF WOODS interesting Anecdote of How Lincoln Trusted a Tough “I had the distinguished honor to be thecompanion of Abraham Lincoln In one of his flatboat expeditions,” said Davis G. Stephens, one of the pioneers of Illinois, to a Pittsburg Times man. “Furthermore, the great martyr presi dent became my champion and thrashed a man on ray account and thrashed him thoroughly. I was a boy of 15, rather delicate, and my father, who loved Lincoln as a son, sent me on a trip with him, hoping that roughing it would improve my health. We had tied up one night at a small landing where there was a tavern. “A fellow who called himself the ‘bull of the woods,’ and who had sev eral snifters of com-juice trader his belt, came aboard looking for trouble. Lin coln was lying down asleep on the soft side of a pine plank, with one brawny arm for a pillow. I was washing out a hickory shirt, and the intruder attempt ed to souse my bead into the bucket of soapy water. “Lincoln awoke and told him to let me alone. He paid no attention to the awk ward, long legged sleeper, but picked up the pail and jammed it down over my head, almost drowning me. When I got the soap suds out of my eyes sufficiently to see. Lincoln had him by the collar, was holding him so that his toes just touched the deck, and was planting terrific kicks under his coat-tails with his No. 11 cowhide boot. “I visited Lincoln at the white house shortly after the outbreak of the war. He presented me with a captain’s com mission, remarking: ‘The bull of the woods has broke loose again.’ ” HERMANN’S DONKEY. He Strayed Away in Mexico with *31.000 on His Hack. N. Y. Herald:—A familiar figure about the New York exchange nowadays is that of Prof. Hermann, the necromman cer. He is not a spectator, but a reg ular plunger, and bears his losses and gains with equal equanimity. For a man who can coax unlimited coin from an empty hat, the eagerness he dispin yes in “puts” and “calls” is the subject of much comment. A few days ago he was caught “short,” and over a bottle of wine shortly after, he told the following story of one black Friday in his exist ence: “It’s a cold world, after all,” he said; “sometimes we're up and sometimes down. The downest time I ever had was back in the 70's in Mexico. The Peruvian was was in progress and gold was out of sight or only seen at a big premium. My mania for speculation took possession of me, and with the , remnant of a fortune of 521,000, I invest -led in English and American gold. I was m Mexico at the time, and intended reaching South America with my treas ure by the way of Panama. Travel through M xico to the frontier on burros a distance of some hundreds of miles n ith t?Jl.uoo.is neither safe nor pleasant. Ewrj bush in Mexico contains not an officer for conscience to fear, but a rob ber. I was intimately acquainted with Presid ut Diaz at that time, and on tr representation to him of my enterprise and my fears for the safty of my cash, he provided me with an escort of twenty one soldiers and an officer. They sup posed the panniers strapped to one lit tle donkey contained nothing more than wardrobe. "Mina. Hermann was in special charge of the donkey with the valuable bag gage, and her instructions were to watch it as sir* would her chances for heaven. We camped each night and journeyed by day. making one or two daily rests for refreshments. My hopes of untold ;;io wealth during the journey were as high as the Kooky mountains, and I could scarcely contain my spirits. Everything went on well until we had nearly reach ed Central America, when one day the animal with the treasury was missed. Mme. Hermann forgot him during our all fresco lunch, and ho had scampered off with the treasury. The cold dew sparkles on my forehead yet when I recall that day. My heart stood still. As for Mme. Hermann, she just fainted —nothing more. 1 had to tell my secret to the guard, and everyone started out into the wilds of Mexico in search of the lost donkey. Hours passed and no tidings came of the object sought. How I thought of Joshua and wished, like him, 1 could have prolonged the day. Then came the harassing doubts—may bo one of the Mexican soldiers would find (lie donkey and forget to come back with hun and his burden. At last, toward dark, ten miles away, the don key was found grazing away with 521, 000 on his back. Fancy the picture. His return was a kind of a “prodigal son-homeward-hound affair,’” and (lie professor lit a fresh cigarette. ‘‘Well, bow did you come out? Did you win or drop?” queried a Herald reporter. “Well, I multiplied the original figures by two in a week afterward.” answered Hermann, with a quiet chuckle, “and brought the donkey back to the United States and pensioned him during his life. High living and idleness killed him.’ The health to the memory of the dead dbnkey at Hermanjn’s request was drunk standing. SAVED BY A KITTEN. Only :i Poor, Yellow Pussy, but it Kept l.enoir from Sulfide. Short Stories: In the atelier of a cer tain French paper there seems to be a congress of yellow cats, or, rather the same cat in portraits innumerable. A pair of him crown, like an annoral bear ing, the doorway; he plays with falling petals of tea roses; he sleeps while a sparrow eyes him askance; he sits, grave us a sphinx; even a procession of him forms the frieze of Ihe chimney piece, and lie peeps between purple and gol den pansies on the Sevres tea service in the corner consecrated to Madame. Eight years ago Maurice Lenoir dwelt in a garret, earning his bread by copying pictures, nourishing his soul with dreams of a great classic canvas of his own. Needless to recount the disillusions, pri vations, rebuffs or the nervous reac tions of the days when he received a few francs. The unrelieved pressure of poverty, the unremitting blows of ill luck—tap, tap, tap, like a paver’s mallet —became unbearable. The thin blood of semi-starvation mounted to his bead, creating visions of suicide. One evening he bought poison. Re entering his room something brushed past his feet. He lighted a candle and , began to write a few lines, merely to ■ save trouble at the inquest. Suddenly I there sprang upon the table a little yel ; low kitten; it rubbed caressingly against his face. Evidently a wait, one of the surplus nine-fold lives of nobody’s cat. It was thin and famished, its wet fur frayed by the jaws of some dog. i “One may be tired of life,” said Maurice, “but one does not leave a guest hungry.” ' With bred and milk, all ho had, he fed I i the kitten; then warmed it within the breast of his coat, where it caressed with its tongue the hand that held it, then puired itself to sleep. Maurice reflected: ".Suicide is the ref uge of one who has no longer hopes, ties of affection or responsibilities. In receiving this kitten I have assumed a duty. To place this little creature for warmth upon my heart, and then turn that warmth to ice would be a betrayal. At least I will live until tomorrow.” In the morning the little cat appeared so pretty Maurice painted, and was able to sell, its portrait. Another was or der and, and another. M. Lenoir’s pussies became the fash ion. He deferred his dream of classic canvas and painted only cats, in all pos tures and colors, yellow, black, white, gray, and tabby. He studied cats; he divined, under their masks or drowsin ess or caprice, the subtle charm and wisdom adored In old Egypt. The yellow kitten that saved his life also made his fortune. And M, Lenoir proved not ungrateful; the yellow cat, now patriarch of a tribe, has his cushion and his cup in the atelier, and wears a golden collar inscribed, “To My Bene factor.” 1 Mrs. Anna Matilda Maulsby, whose will was Lately presented for probate at ; Washington, D. C., left §BO,OOO for the ! erection and maintenance of a home for destitute women, as a memorial to her mother; also, 830,000 to the Newsboys’ and Children's Aid Society, for a build ing to be known as the “George Mauls by Memorial Home,” in memory of her husband. It may be said, without much fear of successful contradiction, that there Is not a husband, young or old, who would not rather have his wife hear lectures on cookery than start lu as a lecturer in a household course of her own.